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VERMONT WATCHMAN & STATE .TOURNAL, WKDNESDAY, JULY 31, 1889. JBattbman tf Journul. WEDNESDAY, JtJLT 81, 1SSP,. Tiik signs in thc pnlitical skies potnt to T. 15. Keed of Malne as tlie spcaker of llie next house. AUGUST is favored with tw notabto atiniversarics. Tennyson celebrates his eighticth birthday on the 8th and l)r. Ilolmcs on the --".lh. 11. P. PKTTKWEW, who wcnt to Da kota from Vermont twenty years ago, is onc of thc leading candldatee for tlie two scnatorial seats froni Sotith Dakota. Tiik constitutional convention of tlie new statc of Washington edjouroed to allow the delegatcs to attcnd a clam bake. The clam is a power in terri torial politics. TiiK.latest in trusts is thc proposed organization of a brick trust, Wlth a oapltal of 81." ,000 ,0(10. The plan is to buy up the larger coneerns and cruah the srualler ones. to comniand the scrvlces of thc ablest mcn. Aldac F. Walkcr graduated from the commission to n 126,000 chatr manship. and the COtntnlMlon Beems to he serving as a trainlng-school for the wenllbv railroad combinations. Tiik supreme court of New Hamp sliire has decided that the law req u ir ing a license for the practice of mcdi cine, surgery and dentistry in the state is unconatitutional. Ml QUADE, the Xew York boodle aldennan, has been acquitted of the eharge of bribery. Thll ends the pros eeution of the notorious "gang," as Diatriot Attorney Fellowa has given up the chase in despair. I view of thc probable cxtcnsion of railroads over many parts of Africa, it is pleasant to learn that the Kong Mountains, set down ncar the west coast in many old niaps, do not cxist. They are as fabulous as that range of Mountains of the Moon which in still older atlases extended as a wall across thc middle of the eonlinent. The rail roads tirst to be built the line up the f'ongo, that from Lake Victoria Xvanza to the east coast, and, furthcr south, that from Delagoa Bay to thc Transvaal Hcpublic would not bc im peded bv the Kong rangc, but their absence will insure casy gradcs to thc routc that will bc improveda fcw ycars hcncc and lay opcn the fertilc districts of thc upper Xigcr and the country on its south. Tiik Atlanta Conttitution sage has been focusing the ravs of his massivc intellect upon the natlonal university scheme, and discovers that " the wbolc business smacks of Boston and New Kngland," and also " of centralizalion and paternalism." A DELEOATION of laboring men has been scnt to the Paril exposition, their missiou being to examine everything at the exposition and at other points on thc ontinent from the stand-point ef the working-man. Julian Ilawthorne accompanied the partv as descriptivc editor. Tiik New York ChritHan Advocatt very properly objects to using Thanks giving day exclusively for setting forth the virtues of civil service reform. There are higher topics, and ones more directly adapted to iuspire gratitude to (Jod. than the orderlv distribution of public trusts. . Tiik ltbode Island legislature is wreatling with the question of a license law. The rcpublican seuate amended the blll, as passcd by the democratic house, so as to strengthen its provis ious. but the democrats refuse to con cur. The result is a deadlock, with prospects of a prolonged struggle. Tiik New Vork anarchists are at prescnl in a state of conipletc nnarchv, being badly distnrbed by Internal dla sensions. Hiehard Hraunschweig is severcly condemned by his eolleaguc, John Most, for his cxtremely sanguin ary views. Says Most: " If I say to the anarchists, ' We must kill all the capitalists,' Braunachwelg cries out, ' Aye, and the wives of the capitalists, too.' Should I at any tiroe say that we ought to kill the capitalists and their wives, he would be sure to lug in their cbildren for slaughter, too. Once I said to an audience that we must have a revolution to jiurify the world. Braunschwcig got up and said that the revolution must begin right tlicn and there. At lirst Hraunschweig was In tcresting, but after a year or so his barangue palled upon the anarchists. He has no judgment. Mrs. Hraun schweig is cven worse than he is, and wanta to see ))lenty of blood spilt riglit awav." CHIl AGO insists that the world's fair, commemorating the four hun dredth annlversary of Columbus' dls covery of America, Bhall be held in that citv and not elscwhere. It laughs Tiik reported sentence of deatb passcd upon the wife of thc Kev. David Herou, Southern Hresbyterian missionary to Corea, for simply preaching the gospel, aipearcd more than doubtfulat the lirst. Still, all will be glad to learn that it is positively contradicted by our min ister to Corea. The original report carue from Nashville, where the ladv was wcll known, being a rcsident of .lonesboro, Kast Tennessee, until her marriage, about three years ago. It waa alleged that Mrs. llerou had been instrumental in the conversion of a nobleman who is close to the throne of Corea. He at once began preachiug, whercupon the euiperor, instead of punishing him, thrcw Mrs. Hcron into prison and Qnally passcd sentence of death upon her. The story was dia eredlted by the ollicers of the board under which Mrs. Hcron worked, and was pronounced ridiculoua by Dr. R. II. Allen, secretarv of the Corean le gation at Washington. He declared that thc (,'oreans would nevcr do any thing of thc kind, and addcd ihe im portant fact that Mrs. Heron is not a missionary, but only amissionary's wife. Nevertheleaa, the matter wasdeemed of nothing. It took the flgiires of the government report, the highcBt au tbority on the mattcrs in qncstion. The Republican insists that its dicturn shall bc thc proof of its stntemcnls, and having rctreated to the seclusion of its " hole " pulls in tlie orillce by declin ing " to furthcr instruot primcr classes in thc A li "s of the grcat wool prob lcm." To enlightcn tlie public is onc Importanl fonetton of true jourualism, and if pcople are " ignorant" and hun gcring for knowledge the faithful in structor will pntiently fecd thcm. Wlicn it has undisputcd facts the Tie publicun has shown an cager willing ness to instruct even " primer classes." In rcspect of " the wofil prohlem," we have a lurking inapteion that it should take a course in soine well-regulatcd kindcrgarten before it assumes to de clinc a task for which it secms to lack thc primary qoallfleationt. Bnt it is of tritiing Importanec wbcthcr or not the RejmbMeem has uxaggerated the faota in respect of the number of sheep in thc eight states namcd at the time of the a)option of thc high wool tariff. The real iiuestion is the cffcct thc tariff had on wool pro duction. Thc tiepubKtan claim that it did not protect wool-arowing. md in proof of its olalm maintalna that in ccr- tain states, right after the adoption of Ihe tariff of 1887, sheep " wcnt down like irrass bcforc a iirairie lire.'r In Ohio, it says, according to the article at (icorge William Bond, in the gov ernmcnt's spccial repoit on wool, there was a loss ,;f some three million bc tween 1868 and 1S70. Iu its use of thc facts and phases of the wool problem between 1867 and 187)8 thc r?ejN ican dlsplaya the moral obliquity that has characterized its whole treatnient of this (uestion. By suppressing ccrtain facts and distorting othcrs it makes out a plausible case. What is the testi monv of its own witncss, Mr. Bond, as to the facts of the wool industry duriiii: thc period in question ? Writing of the effect of the proposed tariff of 1866, he says: " Cimtiilent of tlie pttwmific i)f thc tritT In trodttoed in lHifi, atntl whiil, liad bci'n passcd by thc hmise of rcprcscntatives, the tartners of thc icntry iri tchhciI thetr Itoc ks, rspcciallv Vyond thc MLssissippi, and the growth of weol rapidiy InoreaMd in thc ezpeotation of a gteat rlae in prioei consequent upon ih high ratcs of duty iin posed. In this tb-y wcrc dlsapfxrinted, for othcrs its wcll m theMMtTee anttoipated the passage of thc tariff blll in 1867. These gains are thus stated in the gov ernment spccial report on wool : " Th incrcftsc In tho nunihcr of shccr frorn 1X10 to ISilO whs only a little over 0M hitndreil per n t . nml the iBOfeail in wool Ollp was alnnit three htinilreil llfty per cenl dnrilg the saine petiod of tifty yeurs. white for tho ncnt. twenty-llvc yearn, from ISOI) to 1NX", rhe Ittoteaae was (jrcater than for the forin'T period of tlftv vears-viz., over one hnndreel forty ptrcent in niitnhcr of sheep and ovr thrcc hnndred scvetity-llve pnr cent in wool-i lip. In 1RTO the niimher of lllMP wa ,S,77,!'"il and thc wool-clip 100, 103,887 pounds. Thr motl TttpMtWMOH tOtf nttninnlin thi iwinlry btgOK in 1969 mi eontlMttt till 18M, bnth in inimhi r tf thttp flrld weiiM Ofdtpi Stnot lHHI Ihrrr hM FMiH a aflftUOj lie.rrvnm in (fte number f tkttp and un atuwal rfri'iww in tho )n-.7)." This is thc sober tcstimony of non liartisan government experts. The in crcase notcd abovc was concurrcnt witli the pnssage and existence of " an adeqnately proteetive tariff" (thc Be pubUoan sncers at this phrase), and the decrease began with the rcpcal of that tariff, and has stcadily continued since that rcpcal. Cause and cffect wcre never more closely allicd. The simplc facts prcsented by thc govcrnnient's statistics constitnte " the A U C's of the great wool problem." Thc pcople have lcarncd thcm and aaougfa if the more complex elements of the question to lead them to diltmat and discard fal-c tcachcrs of thc ItcptobKcan ttripe. found any trouble in making vacanoies. He preparcd to take tho medi Oini that you would deal out yourself if you were in power. When thc kick oornet, gnthcr yonrtelf up. applv the amioa where you arc most irruiscd, anA join a democratic; oatnpalgn olub, but doti't wbine. WHiMnOmfH PoxU VV'oKi.n's fairs are blg underlnkings as tb'V arc managcd now. The Phtla- dclphia exposition in 1S70 rcceivcd an I appropriation of 11,500,004 from tlie sity of I'hiladelphia, 81,000,000 from tiic naie oi rennsyivania, and a loan of l,ooo,ooo froro the general govern ment, beslde a guarantce fund of about 13,500,000 from individuals. AbOUt 15,000,000 of thia sum wcrc ipent on thc buildinn and the remainder on the irotmds. Thc irencrul cxpcnse account was a tritle undcr 8,000,000' wbilc the total rcceipts wcre 8,MHk,'Mi0, which, wnh the buildingsand othcrdircctpronls to I'hiladelphia, more than paid the cx pcnscs, to say nothing of thc immense pVoSta gained bv individuals in trade ihcrc. BMton Utntdt Wronirs of Tnxation. (n scorn New '(lrks claim that thc citv of the Emnire state should be the aufflcient importanec to justify eending Beat of the grcat commemoration. New York should, and unquestionahly will, be the accepted place. Tiik democratic city committee of Boston held an uproarious seance on Monday cveniug of last wcck. The leaders of the two factions Maguire and Cunnifl looked horns in the cen ter of the ring, and for three houra the battlc waxed hot. The combatantl were not pcrmitted to flght to a linisb, as the police interfered, ejectcd thetur buleut mob and turued out the lights. a cahlc Oispatcli to our minister, witn the agrceable result already mentioned. A CCBIOU8 case of honor among thieves has come to light iu Massachu setts. Hurglars entered the bouse of ex Govcmor Long at Hingham, recenlly, and sccured, among other plunder, three aucient silver spoons. These spoons wcre valued very highly by the gov ernor on account of family associations. The burglars learned of this fact through Ihe newspapers and iiromplly returned the sjioons to his cxcellency, scnding the package bv nniil. It is expected that the ( alifornia delegation will come to the next con gress preparcd to makc urgent de mands for government help. The BritUh, through the Canadian Paoiflo railroad and iteamthip lines to the East Indies aud China, are getting a tight grip ujion the coast commcrce, and thc busineHs meu of alifornia arc holding urgent conferencea over the matter. They want their Australian and Chinese mail lines subsidized, an ocean cable laid to Australia and more war-ships and guns. Tiik Irunk line asHocialion is making an attempt to secure the services of Jttdge Cooley of the inlcrstate com merce commission. He receives a sal ary of only 87,.r00 as chairman of the commission, while he is offered 835, 000 a yeur to enter the service of thc railroads. As the governmeut can uot oompete with thc railroad oomblnei in the matter of salary, the latler nre able Thc Wool Problem, It is marvclous with what degree of self-assuranco the advocates of the wool tariff go hlundering along, se renely indifferent as to the contradic tions and incousislencies of their argu ments." With this edifving remark, the immaculate Springfield Republican returns to the "wool problem," which, in its conception, seems to cousist in devising wavs for pulliug the tlcece over the eyes of the Anierican pcople. j After reading the New York PrtSS and Tribunt a sevcrc leclure for their " im- pudent shutlling of reason and con science" in their discussions of the tariff question in its bearing upon thc wool industry, the Btpublican " gets up into Vermont," where it linds less of moral obliquity, but " more of hon est ignorance sic as to the common facts covering the (puestion." What puzzles the " honest " but " ignorant " Vermont niind iB not the "common," but the very uncommon " facts " which thc Republican daily coins to meet the varying cxigencies of its confllct with the forccB of rcason and thc meroileai loglc of the iiKlispulable facts of tariff history. Of its Btatement as to the number of sheep in 1867 in the elghl states it named aud our challengeof its aocuraoy, the Republican says: "The WATCHMAN innoceutly assumes thc contrary of what we proved and de ducts all its conclusions from this as- umption." All this has a wisc souud and smacks of " logic," but what has the Republican " proved "? That in eight states it named there were, in 1867, 99,879,939 sheep, and that as a consequence of the tariff of that year the number shrunk to 15,000,000 iu 1870 and had falleu to 19,850,000 in 1867. And what is itti "proof" that in lK17New Vork, I'eniiBylvaniu, Ohio, Indlana, lUlnole, lllohigan, lowa aud Wisconsin had uearly thirty million iheepf Its own unsupported stato ment. The W.viviiman " assumcd " Improved' valuee ot wool, and both manu- farturers and specnlat,rs had sent orders abroad. Tlie long delay between the ineep- tion of the bill and its tinal passage rc BUlted in large miportations iiinler the old tariff. t'onsequeutly wben the taritl aetu- aliy went Into operatlon the markel wae overstooked. In addltion to this, larg quantltles of army clothlng, aocumulated dnring the war, were throwtl upon the mnrket at exoeedlngiy low prloea uml added to the dullness of the ileinand for work (rotn the mannfactarer. ' 1 The depresslon of the wool market oonttaned until 1ST1, wben the prtHluctioii had falleu ifl' :ki,i)0(),(IOO pounds sinee lstis. The sur plus woolenn, which bad weighed upon the market, bad now been consutnud, the manu (acturing business, whioh had beendull and unprontahle, bad now greatly UnproTed. nnd tlie manufaetnreri looked forward toa teaaon of great proeperity." Comment can hardly incrcase the Iforceof Mr. Bond'i tatenaent of out j Bide facts that bore pou the wool problem at and imtnediately after the passage of the tariff aot of 1867, the eonsequcnccs of which thc RepuONcan dlsingenuouBly attributes to the act itself. Thc immediate favorable ef fects of the act were diseounted by " largc importations under the old tariff," ruade during "the long delay between the Inoeptlon of the bill and its tinal passage," so that " when thc tariff aotually wcnt into opcration the market was overstocked." The dull Desi d the wool market was furthcr aggravated by the government sale of large quantities of armv clotbing ac cumulated during thc war. Mr. Hond layi the wool clip for the cntire coun- try fcll oll 30,000,000 pounds in thc three years between lMK and 1871. The average weight of tleece at that time is stated at three and one-half pounds. That would indicate, in its worst aspect, that the diminution in the rlocks for the cntire country did not exceed eight and one-half millions, whereas the Republloan would have us believe it was fiftcen millions in only eight states. Thc probability is that there was not so great a shrinkage in thc wool crop and no such destruction of sheep. Wool was naturallv hoarded by reason of thc low prices that pre vailcd between 1868 and 1870, and the Qgurei for that period, which are only estimates. necessarily laok that trust- worthiness that attaohei to timei when a fair nrice brings the bulk of thc produot into markel. Thc very rapid incrcase of the wool product between 1S71 and 17o, when the pricc had ad- vaneed twenty cents a pound, strengtb- cns this view of the matter. But the real effeete of the tarilY of lsi7 on wool produotlon can not bc accurately judgcd by the statistics of n single state or group of states, or a single year or period of years, or dur ing the existence of unusual conditioiiB, like thoBU descrihed abovc by Mr. Bond. The number of sheep in any given state varied from year to year with Auctttatlng local couditions, but in thc OOUntry at largc there was an enormous galn iu sheep aud wool after Press Roteta Tiik noble rc.d mcn are too muoh for Qeneral Crook. They appcar to su--pcct him of general crookedness. Bos lOfl llirii'ii. THKBX is an earnest wish in some quartera that the burdeneome lead trust mlght be tied around its own neck and thrown iuto the sea. PAiladelpila Prese. Thi Philuitilphia TSmt$ suggeste e Secretarv Bayard for governor of lela- ware. H is a small otnioe, bnt would just about lit Bayard. He is not likciv to act it, however. Albany Express, (lovKKNOft Hn.r is thinking about calling an extra session of thc Now York legislature. Iioes he want a chanoeto vetoanotherhallot reform bill, and cau't he wait? Whnling Intilli gtnur, Pisoiiii'...tiin" in Kansas is not scttlcd, aud nevcr will be until the 1. VI ,000 voters who have never voted upon it are iriven a chance to express their opinions. KanBttt GVfy Zmtes (tmu rmtic). MxMHEBS of the democratic national eommlttee who are talking confldently about their prospects of carrying North tditor wnttthtnnn . I wonld like a siiort spaea in jrour paper to polnt out some of the wrongs of ttie present system of fax atiou. If Verti:ont eontained ffry 1 liuii.kHiiLil men, and each one of those n n w.'re wortb one thonsand dollsrt, and ae more. the wbole lifty tbonsand men would be wortb tifty luillron dollars. Now if there were one rich .nan in 'ennont wortb tifty million ilolbirs the wbole state would be wortb ine humlred million ilollam, Who would proteet, that one humlred ;udlion dollars? The rich tuan owna iudf I'f the buadred million .lollnrs, and theretSM he OUghttO do half of the protectine, 01 )se he OUght to puy n giHnl deal more tliau t.alf of the laaea. ttiit thi ritty thonsand men would do all of 1 the peoteetfna; they would pay just aa blg a tax oii their tifty million dollars as the rich i nan wonld pay on bi, rtftj ntlllionsi.and they WOUld pay on tifty thousmul polls be ,,ides. It mihv Iw said that. f-have supposed a easc that diM-s not exis;, and can never exist, and therefore tliero is notbinj; to it . ' Let US suppose a case that does aeluallv , exist. There are at leasi tifty men in Ver mont, eaeli worth one thi nsanil doHam, and no more than that. and there is one uiati in ! Vermont wortb tifty Ihousaiid dollars. Now t have a i ase exac'.ly like tlie other ' only on asmaller scale If Vermont pro- i teon one thonsand dollars for A. trithont taxing it a! all. and proteets one hundfed I ! thonsand dollars for It. witbout tazing it Rl ' all, abe does one hnndted titnea as mncti i for It an -Iu does for A. And if Vermot t proteotS one thonsand dollars ior A, aud j I taxes.it only one per cent, and proteets one bundred thonsand do.lars for li, and tams it oely one er cent, she also does as tnUM h for B as she does f ir a humlred like A. , 1 Ought not Vermont t: do as tiu.'.h for tlie ! 1 post man as she does for the riolt? I.et us iook at It enothei waa A poec man. with jiwt a little COttSge bome, a OOW, ten sbeep and a horse the wb jle valueil at one, Jtiou- j sand dollars can protect hta own little i ' boiue wtthout much of any aid frotu the governiueiit, for the robber would not tbink :hat the bootv wou il li woirli the ilanger ' Brlc-a-nrae. r i MMl a string of beautles I i on the North Kork to-day The tlnest, trouf that were e'er pulled out Ml the biKest one got away Aud ilown iu the mill-poud meadow The Iroys that were making bay With forks and rakes killed :i,HJO snakes Ilut the biggest one got away And si ba e heard of llars Biaoe Ananiaa1 day : There ire just afew that rc eirc their ilno- But tlie biggest one gets awsyt f'w t. Tiik average man is apt U, lie tlie next thing to a rOOi when he gets DSSlde him self. Inlttmorf Aun ri--nn . " Toc're just toostnnning for anything " enriaimed Jakey to John I.., removing the latter's tist from his eyes.--. W Sfait, Thk postmaster of Sweetwater, Wyoming, has been BnafMBded. The vigtlance 0OOI mitleedld it with a rope. . uon Ihrnld. Thk near-sighted hen that swalloweil a bee was not 1 iiig in l oucluoiiig that hers was a peok of trouble. BtnyhttHUm Rop ib iintin. " Qd to thc ant, thou slugger," says the dhievfjn tterald . It mlght have sdded that Heaven notea the aparrer'a fail. Cfncan nati Kminmr. 'Vstn Sptingfiefd Rcpublican ipanka of the Bngllsfa sparrow " in our ml wt." That's a gOOd place for him after he well OOOked. BMMon BafoMi " It aeetna very odd," sa. Sputterkius, who is a most ilisagrccahlc Tian. "that tbe tlrst apple was eaten bv tl ? tirst pair '- Hm Y.nrk. W riWrf. HKAo-i.iNK In a paper raaals: "Obloago u, Philadelphia." is tbla s new way o( re ferring to "The Qniok an .the Dead"" 9efnervtfle Jbtfraof. Tiik trouble with most f the mothers who are trying to makc Liftie l.ord Fauntle j roys of 'their Imvs la that they beglu on tne ouisiue. -UMIMVtiU iOl nal. " What shall I i-all my t ifty .'" askcd the man who bad stoleu one fn m the Krcnt h; and bis Irieml advised him tocall it Kli ab because ic was translatecl. TeX04 Slftinnt 1 1 is the fashionable thine now to r.ame your girl baby Margnerite. Plaln Margaret won't do at all not. at least, until she grows up and nmrries and is ompelled to dit lier own washing. ' Vh'c.ijo V ON! fttarsomc thought iweeps into ;is as we rontcmplatc Ohieago's dispositlon to an nex the eartb. If she slu uhl do this, where oould her oitlsena go to keep up their hnbit of being extrndlted? W Mington !' - DauRsjoaurr Bosaciunaa: " I don't like tbe Spmad tmle as I uaed to. I think the iiaper is rathai dry." Sarcaatio editor I ilo'.i't see how It can ike dry. There is oonstdevnbte dne on voi;r 'iopy." Pitt$bnrgh '.(. " I. n.U'1. met this laan," said a- great lawyer, the other day "in a great many places where I would ! asbamed to be seen." And for a miniite he couldn't nn der.stand wby everyltdy langheii . up roariously. Kl.I.A "Where Will you pass .he suiu msr? Are you goir.g into the roimtry."' Iteiia " t don't know B'oa sure. 1 .-i-.. -,i SOU18 thing about going into InsoweBcy, aail if he says so I euppose we ih&U have to go there." Bolton thrnlil. ! the stories iblisbed in some of tbe iif attacking such a bome. lhit it is not so I newspapers of WSStern New Ycrk be eor- witb tbe ru h tbn- es aud robbers are con tinnally watchlng ihe rich. A poor man ean do more towuda protecting Us one tbousand dollars thau a rloh mau an do towards protecting eaoh one of bis thonsand doIiafSi aud for that reason be ought nol to , pay as bii; a tax on bis one fhousand dollars. wssoii appareuuy iorgei tnai uiere le th,,,.snd dollars. Wh.i.iam I'm.hkb. no Mormon votc in the new stala to ae- sist them. lioMon Journul. Enoland's working-mcn Mver be come capitalists, but there are tens of thousands of American oapitalista who wer once common laborer in this country in "thia protectiooi-cursed country." Dttrvii Tribune, Wantkii A preacher who can preach in the presence of the preaident of the United States withoat dropping into politiee and givlng the preaident spccial advice. t.ood manners are not i n tbe n amias in tbe pulpit. rfAnWng intelli gen '(' Tiik free-trade profcssirs, who have been unhappy ever since Uobcrt I. l'orter was given eharge of tbe census i burean, will probably bc ooneiderably inolhhed when they learn that Mr. l'orter intends to c.onsult thcm in refer- enoe to the acope of hia inquiries. Boston Journul) We have alwaya been led to believe that the anarchists of this country are an impoverished lt of people who know nothing of the easc and comfort wilh which the rich are blessed, but now that they have sat down upon Herr Most we think they have demonatrated tbat they know thc luxury of an air cushion. Washington Post. Wk have the beat autbority for s . . ing that thc bay crop of New Kngland this year will not only bc enormous, but will bc by far thc largest that has ever been cut. But while the bulk of thc grass product is unprecedented, its qualTty is by no meana all that could be hopcd Ior. tiood judges )i'(;nouiice the bay deficient in nutritivc prop- erties. Boston ZVanseripf. I r will surprise mosl people to learn that thc Icelanders are numerous J enough in this country and d'anada to maintain a dlstlnct aud vigorous re- ligious organizatlon of their own. It is callcd the lcelandic iAitheran t'hurch of America, consists of twcnty-tvvo cougregations, and has just held its flfth auuual conference at Argyle, in Manitoba. Weu) York Sun. That mugwutnp paper (the Spring Held RepubZtcan) which oaoklea for re form like a sourcd old maid at a tea light is highly elated over the prospect that the prohlbitioniata are to throw their strengtb aL'aiusfthe republican partV, which ainoerely desircs honest regulation of the liquor tratlic, instead of Qghtlng the democrats, who are hopelessly in tbe grasp of the liquor In terest. This prescnts a line example of tbe teaoblnga of modern reform- ers. Albany Kxpress. l i is uselcss to talk about a third oartv. It is unmanly to give up all temperanoe work and deelare tbat the country is goiug to the dogs just be cause scveral states have pronounced against prohibition. The thing to do is to get to work in a more reusonablc wav to mold a atrong public oplnlon in favor of temperanoe and secure such restrictivc iegUlation as will not vex aud opprcBB good citiens. On this line thc tempcrance people of thc coun try will iu future tight their battlea, and they will win. Atlunta OonitUuHon ( Di mtiemtic). Democratic friend and brother, don't wbitic if you arc rcniovcd froin offlce bv a republican admlnlatratlon, and especially don't plefd thc baliy act and claim protcction under thc civil service law. tlaaaham. There'ano proteotlon in it. it was nevcr intcndcd there bhould be. Thc democrats never Waitsfield. Vt. A Wreat Railroad. Not long ago Mr. Oeorge II. Daniels, the general passeuger Sgent of the New Vjrk Central Undson Brver railroad, in x tondlng an invitation to toreignera to risit this country, direcied their att jntion to tbe fact tbat tlu United States of AjneriM is tbe L'reatest country n earth, aeoplsd with sixty ndlliojti of tbe most oivtllsen and etv terprising people nu the globo; tbj. tae New ork uentrai railroad la the greatesi railroad 00 earth tlie only fuur-traci ron 1 rhl . tbat it. started from thouargeat city on the contlnent, pasaed throngh ibe rtenesl asd most prospsrous raglon, toooh Ing tbe asrgest eltuM In the interioe is tbe great trink line .uid direut route to tbat great .ataract. Niagara BWIS, an.i that in all respects it reveals more of the resour. es and riehea of America :n less time. with more aafety and under ujjre luxwrious con ditious. than any othsi route. There is muoh in tbe above not only for lorebinera Who want to See this country uuder favor able couditions, but for our o-wn restless and DQOVing people. Tbe New Vork Cen tral .t Httdsen Blvei railroad is the out- growih of a hixurtoua and presperoua oivil laaUon and one of its. greatesi englneering krinmphs. As is well known. it is tbe only line from tbe West to New Vork that lands its pHssengxrs in that city witbout errying them across the river. Its spactons and magnifloent statioa in the beart of the city has been for vears not onlv tbe prlde 01 New Vork, bnt a lastlng monumenl to tbe foresigbted llbernllty and enterprise of tbal great organhter and I. under of tbe New Vork t sntral & Hudson River railroad sys- teni. ommoiloie Vauderbilt. Tlie liuuted trains of this line arc tbe tinesi iu tbe wurbi, aud ItS general accominodatious for tbe travellng public aro only known and t.j.pre ciateil by that large portion of it who have been over the line and enjoyed them, - i fro! Fm PrtSS) Literary N'otes. Thk August ' 'rntnni will contait. " sym- poslum" on wood-engrsvingi iaeluding a number of papers written aud illustrated by a group ol well-known snsjravers Ihe articlus are, " ood-eiigravers 1 Catnp," bv Frauk Kreiich; " '.riginality Wood-engravlngi" by Blbridge Klngsley; I " Palnter-engravlng, by W. b. Oiosson. and "The New School of Kngraviug." by john 1. Davis. I'ourteen wooangravlngs ' ol unusual interest are coalributed to the j series. I In thc August Wiitr-AwaJkc Andrew l.aug 1 bnmorously and praotioally relatea his ax- pcrience, " Fishing iu Tweed and arrow:" : Loulse mottsn uuinlvi a (amons oars- I woman, writes on " Kowing," and Olhe ' ILisley Seward tells a real fairy tale of ! hOW she aud Secretarv Seward in one 1 sbort dav saw sfgbta and visited with La bonlsye,' and were with Thiers in tbe tirst I bOUrSOl his presiilency. The saibc DUm- ber has an arthl SDOttt making " Wild. j llower llooks" fi holiilay gift-giving. In the August OsHtUTy Ir. 8. Woir IfltoheUi the weli-kuown physlolan and sh- tbor of I'hiladelphia. contrlbutea an article ou " Tbe I'oison of Serpents." richly illus ! trated bv ,1. I'arter Heard. 1'rofessor David I I'. Todil of Atnherst t'ollege writes on I " How Man's stetsenget Ontran ths Moon," deserlbing a feat in telegraphy whl b was geoomplhTned at the time ofthe eellpsa of the moon which took place .lanuaty 1. 1889. Mr .loseiih I'cnnell and Mrs liidiins I'cnnell have respectivcly IUUStrated and written an article descriliina a rowing trlp down the Tbames river from Oxford toRlohmond. The article, which is callcd "The Btream of Pleasnre," Is lllnstrated with thirty-three of M r. I'eiinell's picturcs. mOSl of them small wood engraviugs. Joel Obandler Harrls has written a new novel- ette, " The Old Hascoin Place," which will be oompleted in three iustalluients. It is a " reoonstrubtion " story and is said to be in Mr. Harrls' most dellghtful veiu. The Oentury Oompany will ihortly brinn out, as a bollday book for young lolks, Daddy .lake, the Hunawa.v, and Other fitories," by Joel Cbandlcr Harris, illnslrut.nl by Kemble. rect tlie crop of apfdas in that seetion will be so light this year that William Tell, if still in the tleslu would tind it ditlicult to appcar in his grcat ehantoter. -Xff York TfiJiu M . " I sk.k," rnnmrkfld Mrs. Snsgge, " that there is talk of tbe Pope'l moving to Spain." " Ves," replied SnatCtfs, " but t would be more approprtate !or him to gn to Pales tiue." " Wby ' " Because the Holy See should be ncar the Holy I. uid. PtUlburgh ChrtntcUs. Down in Cnthbett, the otberi day. a rattle snake frlgbtened a oat that soared a hen tbat kuocked a j a,r from a shelf, which hit the faueet of a barrel of iuolaeses, which lurned tlie tnncet, oansing tbe loss of a bar rel of syrup. The snake was killed. A'- (tiniri ( onstitution. Hk had declared bis passion and was feverisbly '.wailing ber reply. " Mr. Sam- I son," she said, and ber voisa soonded like u I knell, " the iMtiter whioh jon so kindly of. I fered to post for me two waxks ago to-nigl t, has never reftcbed its dMtiSiattOn. Fate- i well."- -loV" r'l Baxar, A m stbooi of distingnisUng tbe mnsh- ! room from tbe poisonoUS toadstool is said to be y spetnkllng salt on the nndersids. If it turns biack it Is. good; if yellow, poisi aOUS. Weli . that 's better than the eat ing .st, when if you die it is toadstool aud ; ifyou llve mnsbroom.' Xts York Hsrakk Thk preprietor of a. well-known patent mi dlotne lately reeeivod tbe followlng let j ter "Our Slr.'A ooupte of montbs ag my wife was hardly abletospeak. s'aetook j two bot'.Ies of your ..ltal Kegenerator, and ! now sbr can not spc ak at all. PleSM send ! me two more bottles of your valuablemlx i ture." Sun Prancl Argonaut. I Mi Bi nNKTT i losely oversees bis ohll-. drenl reading. LioMl was a.ked last Sprlng by a visitor if be had read " Tbe I rretty Sister of Jose (bis mothsr's recent stoiy), aud be sa'd " No, papa 1 as not had tiu.e to Iook through it yet. andjie doesn't wint me to g.t. in the habit ,jf reading' 1 Stories except iu, he .nves them It Uic " oi'TKAoKD Hhin. " Olntli mip. l w.nd koike to asbk ihim Ameriklns wan thing : Who doog the eanals uv tbe ooontryhat tnrriners? Whe bulli the railruds nvthe 'country bnt furriners.' Who worruks-tbe I mines uv tbeooontry but tnrriners? Who does tbe v.c.-.u fur the OOOMTI but t'.Lrrin STS? And who the divil dislK'overed thu coontry bnt furriners'.'" .'.. Thk ed:tor of a religious weekly the Chriitlan 1 niom says tbat " getting. a burr Ofl a piece of woolen olotb Is a simple mat ter compated with getting a stupid or In competeiil professor oct of a c.ollege chair." iu Has our religious coctemporary ever tried piacin a oein piu on tue siupev juoiessoi s ! ohair? In removing any kind of a Uva ; professor from a pball tbe beut pin is war rantedto"go right to the spot." Norrlt , (oten 'lrM. Obocaoo I'oi.n KtAN. " Shtopl YsDootob spalpane. Oi saw ye wid me own OVSS mnadhertn' thot mon wid an axe, an' ye ve got the blOOdy a. in y'r baud yit." I'lee ing stranger (Htopping); "Sure, now, it s y tself ought ter know OiTu no Hootchmau Oi was only removing a traitor." Obioagl Polloeman: " Wuii, I must do me dooty. Be away wid ye as fasht as yer legs can carry ye, but lave the. ax. I must have tbat fur a clue." l'm k. Onck in awbile you will tind an ideal sd ItOT Who Opsnp hl big beart and takei the entire solar systcm into his OOOfldfMi Tbe gentleman who dri ves scissors and ipiil 1 for the J.Vxter Sentinrl is of this noble hreed of patrots. He says: " Ve editor was mar- ried yestorday to sfbw Mary Seiieit, me of tbe most chariulug ladies we have ever met. Those OWing us on subscriptions or ob iork will greatly faollitata tbe purohase of rag carpets. cord-wood. habv narriagss. etc, By settUngal oaoe." ifi w i"1"-' Herald. i'hi ibmncl shirt bas been '..lakimr a tri. BllSShetb i ujnpbal progress this suunuer, but still it i npl universallv popuiar. A wriler in tbe Rochi Sttf Htrold says, 0OUOOTB)lng it : " Wben it is broughi homs the proud nusnand aud father doiis it aud goes forth to defy the SWeltaring beat of a Jllly day. Tlie next week it is washed, and tUen it is just aboMt tho SiM Ior the t welve-year-old son Another week rolls rotiud, and it is just a lit for tlie baby. The fonrlh week it desceinls to BetSey'a doll, and the tiftb week vanishes sltogether dlisppears myitsriously, it was seen to go into tbe wash-tub, but that was the last of it." A'. i- I'ori IVtftune. Thk largest wateriuelon patcb iu the world is at Adams' I'ark, lia. It enibiaces soo acres aud is expected tu pruduce over 4ini oarloada of t Thk lndiana legislature, at its last ses aloB, autboriaed a loan of $:,UHI,ihiii for Ihe purpose of refumliug the school iaml loan. In OOBSCqueBOS of bungling in the prepara- tionof thi' act, it bas been disoovered that the statc will jose instead of gaiuing S11T, QUOanuuall by tbe traoaaotioa.