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VERMONT WATCHMAN V STATE JOURNAI, WED.VESI) VY, MVY 2S, IS!K. ffllatt)m;m tv $mirnal. WEDNE8DAY, MAY 28, lssio. Fon the flrst time iti tb( historv of the judiciary committee of the national house a majority of its members has agreed to reporl a joiut resolution favoring a constitutional amendment - :i i ' i r : thii suffrage to women. KlssiNfi is dangerous. A scrious intcrnational dilliculty between Hussia and Turkey is thrcateued because a Turkish ollicer and five Rtudetils for cibly performcd the operalion on the wife and daughter of an attache of the Hussian legation while they were ou! walking. TB1 Rutland Hcrald is a king-pin at " faking." Those dispatchcs from points all over tlie state, lelling of the enthusiasm with which Judge Koyce's narae iu conncction with the govcrnor ship is received, were too utterly thin, It was a waste of space, neighbor. Better have run in anti-prohibition miscellany. A BILL will sooti be introduced in congress prescribing a fiue or iniprison raent for using the flasr for advcrtising purposes. This looks a little ohlldlsb, but the wise gentlemen in congress doubtless have some good reason for the proposition. The only real indignity that can be offered the llng is a nar row, eowardly or unbecomiug act by some oflieial representative of the country. Assistant P08TMA8TKH-GENERAL Clakkson was dined by the Norfolk Club of Boston on Saturdny. In his speech hc attacked eivil serviee reforni, regarding the goveruraent as a political rather than a business insiitution. A great many people will differ from hiru on this poiut, but his sincerity will not be questioned. In a day of ruuch du plicity in politics Mr. Clarkson is not afraid of giving his private views pub lic expression. A Canadian firm at Trout River, N. Y., has adoptecl a sharp device for evading duties which it doubtless ex pected would work successfully. It moved its building so that it stands on the boundary line between the Uuitcd States and Canada, thereby hoping to avoid half, if not the whole, of the duty on goods iraported into this country. It so happens that the statute of congress is explicit on this inatter, and the treas ury department has giveu orders that duty be levied on the entire stock. We ask the careful attention of our readers, wearied by the intensely pcr sonal character of the canvass for gov ernor, to the letters of the secretaries of state for nine of the states of the Union eminent for the soundness of their customs and institutions re specting the matter of promoting the licutenant-govcrnor directly to the oftice of governor. The force and clearne8s of these letters can not be enhanced by comment. They will stoutly confirm Vermont republieans in their determination resolutely to stand by the convention of 1880. Tjik town of Cedar Keys, Fla., is a queer place, anyway. It has a mayor, Cotterill by name, who has murdered several menand has terrorized the town generally. When he interfered with the business of the collector of the port, the latter sent to Washington for fed eral hclp, and it canie in the form of the rcvenue cutter " McLane." The marines on the " McLane " have been hunting for Cotterill, but have not found him as yet; and, straugc to say, the citizeus resent this iuterference of the government in the local administra tion of justice. They side with the mayor against the federal oflicers. THK numberiug of the people will begin next Mouday, .lune The cen 8us cnumcrators are required by law to procure certain information. Many questions, some that may seem Inquiai torial, will be asked. The enumerators will ask noue that the law does not re quire, and answers, full and explicit, sbould be cheerfully given. It shuuld be remembered that the enumerators are punishable if they disclose the facts of a personal character they are re quired to procure. The information is strictly confidential as between the citieu and the government. Iu the interest of an accurate ceusus, we be speak for the enumeratorH the hearty co-operation of the euumerated. Xkai. DOW has written a letter iu which he appcars to approve a policy of blocklng the operatiou of the receut dccision of the supretue court regard ing " original i)ackages." A judge in Iowa is acting on Mr. Dow's sugges tion. He has iustructed the grand jury to report an indictment against any persou chargcd with selling liquors, either in " original packages" or not. Does it occur to these men that this course is revolutionary in the highest degreeV The decision may be unsound, but it will not hclp matters at all to set it iu dcliaiice. When a community ceases to respecl and obey the law be cause it does not happeu to like it, anarchy is but a few steps further on. The hulwark of liborty is defcrcncc to law. APROPOfl of the talk that the. intro duction of new text-books into the pub Ito lohooll of the state is a heavy hur den on parents, the following, which a representative of a New York publish iDg houso says to a Iloslnn Ohibe re porter, is intercsting: " Go up into the backwoods of Vermont to-day and you can buy a geography. an arithmetic or a grammar in a country store at a lower prtoa than you can get it of the pub lishers, if you wished to buy a thousand copies. That may aeem strange, yet it is a fact. You can buy at retail in Ver monl to-day at a lower price than you can purchaae for cash in large quan tilit s of a jobblng boUSe lO either New York or Boston. That 8hows how the compclition has been carried on in Ver mont, and there has been a hisr fk'ht up in the Green Mountains over text books." NEGOTIATIONS between the depart ment of state and the Britllh govern ment regarding the seal lisheries in Beliring sea have not as yet ripened into an agreement, and in the mean time Scerttary Windom has ordered the cutters " Bear " and " Hush " to the scene of " poaching," with iustruc tions to warn all craft not to kill seals on the waters claimed by this country. If the warning is not respected, the cutters are authorized to seize the craft and dismantle thera sufllciently to pre vent a continuance of seal-killing. Tbil will be rather more effcctive. than the method of last year, which was to put a prizc crew of one on a captured boat and head it for port. The prize crew of one was generally au interested spectator of moro seal-killing. It is not likely that many boats will be dis manlled, for such a course would be construed aa an act of war. What is going to be the outconle of this diffl culty does not clearlv ajiiiear. COMQRESSMAN Stkwakt offered an amendment to the tariff bill givina; maple sugar a bounty, and sustained it by a strong speech. This was done in the face of the di'-couraging letter of Mr. McKinley, and the vote proved that the republican wing of the house was not prepared to move against the leader's wishes. Yet Mr. Stewart did wisely, for the case was Utid before con gress in a proper light, and the senate will be much mpre apt to do justice to Vermont sugar-makers than it would had nothing been said in the house. Uut maple sugar was beaten in tbe ways and means committee, apparently by the listlessness or preoccupation of members whose busines9 it was to e tablish before the committee, at the out set, the principle that the maple sugar of Vermont, in respect of tariff legisla tion, should always stand on the same basis as the sorghum of Kansas or the cane sugar of Louisiana. That oppor tunity lost or unimproved, success subsequently, as the event is proving, would be exceedingly doubtful. Any success Senators Morrill and Kdmunds may achieve in the senate will be unavailing unless the acquiescence of the house shall be won when the amended bill is returned for its consid eration. A San FRANCISCO paper publishes a storv of a conspiracy of a corporalion of Knglish land-owners in Lower Cali fornia to overturn the Mexican govern ment, establifh au independent state, and then apply for admittance to the CTnited States. The Englishmen claim that there is no security for them un der Mexican rule. This progranime would be an imilation of the Texau re volt, and no doubt the people of Cali fornia and vicinity would like to see it carried out. Lower (.'alifoinia nat urally belongs to the I'nited States, but wbatever the course taken by inter ested residenls and owuers in it, the I'nited Slates government will be likely to see to it that no oflieial en couragement is given such a scheme as this. Indeed, it teemi that Secre tary Hlaine knew of it before the San Francisco paper gave it publicily, and that Secretary Proctor has ordered the troops along the line to iuterfere with any detnonstration in violatton of ueu trality laws, while the man-of-war ' Charleston " will cruise aboul the penlmula to itop oparationi by tea. it issail that the people of S lUthern Cali fomla wish ti fonn a new state. Tbe country will have Bomelblng to say about this, if a new strip of territory is to be annexed. THK law of Massachusettw which for bldl the sale of licjuorovei' bars was en foroed in Boston on last week Tuesday for the lirst time wince its passige, a namber of years airo. As yet the re sults have not been very latUfaotOl v. I'atrons of lalOOQI simply sit at tables and drlnk, loatMd of itandlng up and drlnkingi As Ibe law was Intended to give lieenses only to places that give bond Ji le meals, the praMDl itatfl of things is nearly as had as the old wav. Craokan and cheese are supplied to meet the teihnieal rec'.iiremeut, but il is proposed to flud out at once, by tesl cases, whelher these artieles of food in comparatively Hmall quautities, and liquors of all kinds iu large quantities, raake the eating-places that the law contemplated. Many practical temper anco reformers think that if Itoentel were to be given only to Ihose dotflg a legitimate hotel or reBtaur.int busi ness, the best solution of tbe problem, as it relates to largo cities, would be reached. Ivlward Kverell IIle pro nounceil tho diclum that " horiz ntal drtnMng must gO " somo yoars since, and he and others who have failh in Ibe new dcparturc will doubtless notc its success or failurc with keen inter est, Oihcr Missachusetts cities have not been so active as Boston in enforc ing the law. (onrrrning llix Aftilitj. The " lone fisherman " of the state canvass, the Rutland Hi'raltl, linds it necessarv to attack the ability of Car roll S. I'age, the leading candidale for governor, in ordcr to shore up the can didaey of the feeble old man it set up last week. Mr. I'asre's record, we think, will fully meet this attack. Ile stands at the head, in this country, in his line of business. This is a fair indicalion of the possesRion of one kind and a a very cssential kind of ability of the hlgheat order. An inspection of his offlce and premises, an examination of his systcm of conducting his busiuess, will convince the most skeptical that Mr. I'atre is a business man of the very flrst rank. Ile is also as expert and well informed in linance as in business management or commercial affairs. The history and atanding of the finan cial iustitutions of Hyde Park afford nmple evidence of this fact. None in the state are more judiciously managed or are more prosperous. But it was aa inspectorof finance that Mr. I'age exhibited, in a public way, not only his ability and eouservatism as a flnancier, but his oflieial fearlessness and independence also very valuable, and not too common, qualities in a pub lic oflicer. Iu his report covering the laat terru of his tenure of the oflice he plainly expreased his well-settled con viction that trustees of savings iustitu tions, "in their anxiety to pay their depositors liberal dtvldendl, are in too many instances allowing the quality of their assets to fall below the high standard which should be maintained." He calledattention to the increasing tendency to invest in western mort gages, by reason of their high rate of interest, rather than in the safer lines of securities bearing lower rates of in terest. He enforced his admonition by giving the figures of western mort gages held by the savings banks in each year for the ten years following 1870. The reports showed that the invest ments of the banks in thisclassof secu rities had increased from 81,i78,3!0 in 1879 to $0,5f.3,797 in 1888. The in spector believedthe banks were arettins " too many eggs in one basket," and with commendable candor said so. He pointed out the importance of conli deuce iu the savings banks. I)i"aster to any one of these inflicts an in jury ou all and upon the state. At consider able leugth aud with great force he set forth the danger accruing from high rates of interest obtained at the risk of safety to the prlncipal. His remarks on tbil point may be found iu full on the acvcnth and eiuhth pages of his re port for the year 1S88. He concluded by recommending " that the law allow ing investments on western mortgagea should be so amended as to permit only forty per ccnt of the entire assets of any savings bank or trust oompany to be iuvested therein," and that divi dendi be limited to four aud one-balf per cent per annum until a net reserve of ten per cent had been accumulated. The wisdom of the recommendattoua was acknowledged by the enaotment of a law iu full couformily therevith as to divideuds, but the limit of Inveat ment in weatem mortgage was reduced from lifly-eight and one-third per cent to flfty per cent, instead of to forty per cent. There is, however, to-day, we believe, but little doubt of the sound uess of the inapector'a recoromenda tiona,and the fact is recoguiz d that had his tuggeationa been fully oomplled with it would have been hetter for bankaand people. Finally, tbelnapector had the ability and the hardihoorl to compel the RnperioUI owner of the llfntltl, who is also the proprietor of a savings bank and a sort of a law uuto himself, to obey the laws of Vermont respect ing savings bank iuveslmeuts. If his ability is questioned, M r. Page'a fr.ends will reapoud to any oballenge, a Haoker and BtatMMMablp. The Brattleboro PhtBnix is neltber just nor candid when it says the Watohman is tupportlag Colonel Hooktr for repretentative ilmply be cause Qeneral Orout "has been iu oongreaa long enough." People iiot partaklng of the bias that olouda tbe Pha nix'l Vlalon see very mtlOh more iu the Watiiiman's article. Read, for example, the latter from Windham oounty ln anotber oolumn. The Phaenix objects to Colonel Hooker because he does not "possess the qualities aud lntUltlQU,a of statesmanship." " He QOUld lake care of thu boys," but he has not " the educatiou or eultivation " that would make his ' inllueuco fell in the eonsideration of leading questions of public Importance," atc., etc, What is atatesmanship ? What are its " qual ities" and " intuitions "? There was a time when the qualities of a states man were exhibited in providing the mya and means of keeplng the hungry, ragued, unpaid conlinental army to gclber. At that patltcular time thoae qnalltlM were of more practical ac OOUnt than ability to evolve a aystem of government or make a profound nnd leamed iptach. Statesinan-bi) was once displayed in analjzing our ayaten of government and expounding the constitution. In the, debates in con gress and in the eivil war those ques tions have been quite conclusively sct tled. The qualities and intuitions of statesmanship were exhibited by Thad Stevens when he found in the war powers of the government authority to create the greenback. That was prac tical statesmanship. While the pro fessional statesmen were hagglini: and Q4tlbbllng over the ways and means of raising money to pay the troops, the bold commoner from I'ennsylvania took a Oroaa-lota cnl to the doing of the thitisj. Piacttcal statesmanship always cets the whiprow on the theoretical. Real statesmanship does not neces sarily depend on a college education, nor is it the handmaiden of " cul ture." American history is rich in illuatrations of this fact, but citationa are not necessary. Every school-boy can aupply examplea. Colonel Hooker is a great deal more than " a jolly good fellow." He has the elements of practical statesman ship. He displayed them in his li L'is lative experience of 1880 and 1882, and parlicularly in the latter year as chairman of the ways and means com mittee, Ile was the moving and iru pelling apirit in the work of evolvlng ?200,000 of revenue annually from sources that had before been practically untaxed. With consummate tact, shrewdness, hanlihood and peraiatence he pushed the important work of his committee to a successful issue, and that law is now yielding the state over a half million dollars of revenue bi ennlally. Here he exhibited "quali ties and intuitions of statesmanship" that very powerfully commend them selves to the people of Vermont. Had the prescnt representative of the sec ond diatrict, in his legislative career, exhibited " qualities " or " intuitions " of so proraising a character ? Stateamanahip to-day means to the farmers of Vermont, besides relief from the btirdeus that oppress them, an cqual and assured share with her sister states in the benefits of national leglalation, They are looklng for a man to represent them whose " quali ties " and "intuitions" are of the kind that shall be able to extort from the national ways and means commit tee in the begiuning, as a bottom principle recognition of the equality of the maple sugar of Vermont with the cane of Louisiana and the sorghum of Kansas in respect of tariff legislation. Alertness at that stage of legislation were worth an ocean of buncombe sub sequently. There was statesmanship in an assured bounty of two cents a poundon maple sugar. Colonel Hooker has ahown in his legialative history, in his course in the incubalion of the corporation tax law, iu his entire po litical and businesa career, that he pos sesses the "qualities" aud "intui tions" of this sort of statesmanship and it is the sort that counts. We be lieve that his " intuitions" would have tanght him that not Chicago, but New York, was both the hest place for the world's fair and also the place in which Termont dairymen were most directly interested. There were millions for Vermont productioaa iu a world's fair at New York. I.awyers are useful members of so ciety and of congress, but we do not believe in an exclusively lawyer dele gatlon. With 8carce an exception, since the time of Morrill, nearly a quarter of a century, Vermont's repre aentativea in congress have been law yers. The representative from the Bret diatrict, wbetber it be Powera or Batchelder, will be a lawyer. We be lieve it is for the good of the whole state that the second distriet send a business man. How admirably do Morrill and Kdmunds serve the Btate and nation in the senate. Let us have a similar division of experience aud profeaaion in the house, and to effect this useful combinatiou send Colonel Hooker from the second diatrict, The Offlce of Treasurer. The Butland Ttleyrnm formallv an- Douncea the candidacy of Hom Henry P, Pield for the oflice of state t rcasurer. No one will queallon the entire compt -tency of Mr. Pleld for this ofBoe, Ht is a man ef line character, aud familiar by long experience with linani ial arl'air.s. ile i.s an eatlmabla gentleman and de aerredly bigb iu the regard of the peo ple of the state. The treasurership, however, like the offiee of auditor aud secretary of state, is uot a polilical or representative oflice. These Offlclall have to do with very important aft'airs of state that demand familiarity and experience for their moat eflicient nian agenienl. Never were the linaucial af fairs of the state more efliciently con dUOted. Mr. HuBois is a flnancier of rare ability and au accouutaul of es- pccial expertnc.as. No detail of his private business receives more pains taking and assidunus care than he gives to the affairs of the state. Kn gaged in no othcr occupation that cngroases his time and distracts his attention, he is able, to give to the, du ties nf his oflice his dircct personal supervision, performing himself the bulk of the labors of the treasurcr's offlce. So the affairs of the treaaury are matiaged with exceptional thrift. Seek any information of the treasurer, it Is given with proni)lness, precision and cloarness. Such perfect mastery of the fmancial affaira of the atate is of no ordinary advantage, as has been frequently shown when the legislature or the public has souirht enligbtenment of the treasurer. And he is of unim peachable integrity. The demand for a change, if indeed there is a demand, was never more conspicuously abaurd than in the case of Treasurer DuBoia. We see no evidence that the people want a change. We meet with much conclusive testimony that the people prefer that Mr. DuBois shall have a re-election and we feel sure that he will be renominated and re-elected. The Tarirr nill. The tariff bill which was reported to the house by Mr. McKinley has been adoptcd by that body by a party vote, with one republican, however Mr. Coleman of Louisiana voting against it. The vote was taken on last week Wcdnesday. The bill was in the house just twelve days, so that very little time was given for debate. Indeed, it Bcems to us that a measure of such im portance, so directly tiffecting the busi ness interests of tbe entire country, should have been more thoroughly dis cussed. As it was, but four daya were given to the general debate, and the time taken for debating amcndments did not fill four of the remalnlng elght daya. Certain amendmentl parlicularly that giving a bounty to maple sugar should have been adopted, and more discus aion would have secured the adoptiOD of some of them. The point ot Mr. McKinley that it would weaken the chances of the bill itself if any amend ments were adopted does not commend itself very stronglv to constituents who were hoping to see their local interests provided for. The bill has in it much that will be approved by protectionists. As its framers have intimated, it carries out the pledges of the republican party in the campaign of 1888. Yet it could have been improved in several particu lars had aniendments which a majority of the house undoubtedly favored been agreed to. It was natural that the party, while approving the scope aud purpose of the bill, should have ex pected a variety of amcndiiients in the details. It is generally understood at Wash ington that many members of the house took with good grace defeat on the aniendments that they propoeed and were anxious to see incorporated into the bill, expecting that the senate would go over the whole ground and do justice to some neglected interests. While that hope is hetter than uothing, it is very unaubstantial. Tbe senate will undoubtedly make many changes in the bill in fact, it is possible that a new bill will be reported but no one knows exactly what will be done, and no local interest cau be certain that the senate will regard il aa descrving pro tection. One tbiug, however, is pretty sure, and that is that there will be a free discussion. A free discussion means a ehance for Vermont sugar. HcnProaiOtlOn the Rule aud Praetice. Concurrently with the "conaenaua" of the republieans of Vermont on the aubject of adherence to the non-promo-tion rule of 1886, the editor of the Wai ( it.MAN addreaaed a note of in quiry to the aecretary of atate of the several states of the Union to nscertain what had been tbe praetice iu this re spect in the country at lar;e. The an swers do not disclose a siugle instance in which the promotion of the lieu-tenant-governor to the governorship has received the saiiction of either of the dominant political parties. Tbe radical tmpolloy and uuwisdom of such a eustoai has been Inatlnctlvely aud universally discerned, and in the one or two caaes in w hich promotion had been established, as in Mlaaouri, it was long ago aummarily diaeatabllabed, and has never been revived. We invite atten tion to the following letters from states which, for the most part, will he ac knowledged to be fair representatives of the virtue and inlelligeuce of the American Union. IMMANA. h'.'tit'tr ' Wiitriniiin: -Atswnni ytmrs ul Beptainbar 1"', 1886, 1 belleva tba promotion of Ueutenanlgoveruof to tba onloaot kv rriKir in tiiis itata haa ooonned iit twioa in (he hiatory of tha itata, Youra very truiy, t'nAKi.Ks k. QunmMi n '"r .' KXCHIOAX. WMoro Wotckmnn . Baplyina to your otraular utttar ol the 18th Inatant, tba lleutenaDt-govarnor ol Mtchlgan ias in no east' baap protuotad tothe oftloe "f BOTernor, aoepttn oaaa ot vaoanoy, and tbenonly fut ai tiiiu governoi . Vtj rMpecttully, (i. H. ( IsMr.N, 'iv tnry "i State. luWA. jCdttor uf Watciiinait Xba dtieot promO" tiun ci tlit! liouti'iiaut-iivnriior to the cillire Of governot baa imvnr Imen reunrdud with btvor i Iowa. Iu no eus has a lieuteimnt unvnrnor i'vnr been nnininated for t li i- i'tfi-i oflofi At tba rapubltean state oon vitntioii, bold AtiKHst '-" Aotlng l.ii'Utc n.iut- gnvernor Hnll, one of tlie stronRest and most DOpulaf man of the state, was lefnatnl before tbe ooUTentlon, whloh eonsisted of ovor onn tlionsand defegatMi Vonrs very truly, Phank l. Jackson, Sein tnry of State. MASHACHtrHF.TTH. Kilitnr ttf Wutrhmun: YonrR of tlie 1 3th in- atant received, it baa not baatt tha onatom in tliis eointnnnwealtli to proinote liotitenant fO Vernon "directly to the ofllee of gov ernor." In fact, I fiml lint fonr llentenant 10 Vernon who have been so promoted sinee tlie adoption of the constitution, In 17H0. Yonrs respei tfully, Hknhy It. Pkir( k, S r tnry of State. KANSAS. EdUor of WatcfuMn tn repiy to vur etreolar of the 19th Inatant, I would ay it lias never lieen tlie cu.stoin to rotate or pro inote from iieuteimnt-Kovnrnor to governoi In tlils stati!, iiltliouKli two of our governors bave been lleutenant-governors Oovernor Osliorn, atnl (iovernor Humplirey, our pres ent governor, Very respectfullv, Wii.liam BlOJOUta, Sm-etnry of State. CONNItCTICOT. Wtof ir WatchmaniVa reply to your cir cular, etc., of reeent date, in reference to nbernatofial anooaealon, I would nav that for a period of tliirty years baek tliere.' is no Inatanoa in this state where tlie lieuteuant- governor baa been eleeted to the ofHce of governor, and only one instance where he has received the noniination for governor. Prevlona to tho year 1SS0 there was a gen eral feeling that an election to the oftice of Lteatanant-governor ended a man's political career, but there is no such feeling now. Truly yours, K. ,1. Dwvrr, Cltrk of Seoretnry'n Offlee. OHIO. Kriitor of Watehman: The otllce of lietiten-ant-govemor was created hy tho constitu tion of !S.ll in this state, and I proeeed to give you the facts where the lieutenant-gov-ernor liecatne governor in OhlO, I'nder our ciinHtitntion the flrst instance was that of ('harles Anilerson, who hecauie gov ernor upon the death of John Hrough, in 1HIH. When H. B. Hayes took his seatas preeidenl of the Dnltea states, in 1876, Fhomas 1,. Young, lieutenant-governor, be eatne governor. Since then there has been no aooeeaelon from the positionof lieutenant-governor to governor. I ara very re spectfullv yours, Danirl J. Ryan. Secretary of State. im.inois. Editor of Watohmam Anaworing your letter of the 18tfa instant upon the suhject of the promotion of the lieutenant-governor di rectly to the offloa of governor, withont the Interveution of an election. I havetosay that the praetice in our state can harilly heealled tlie rule, inasmiich as that of the eighteen lieutenant-goveniora who have been nom Inated aud eleeted to the offlce in the state of liiinnis not one has been promoted, di rectly or iudirectly, to the offlce of gov ernor, except by the interveution of deatfa or the election of the governor to I'ongrens, and then only for the unexpired term. No one. I believe, of the lieutenant-governors of this state has ever received the noniina tion of his party for the oflice of governor, thongh several have been candidates before tlie nomlnating convention. Jndglng the fntnra by the past, the promotion of the lieutenant-governor directly to the oflice of governor is not likely to hecome the rule of praetice in IMnola, Very respeetfully, I. N 1'kakson, Secretary of State. mseouni. Kditor of Watehman t Reply ing to your let- terof inqulry: It has never lieen the ctistom of the people of Missouri to proinote the lieutenant-governor directly to the oflice of gov ernor. There have been but two instances of such promotion iu the history of the state one in 1838 and the other in 18.1t;. At that time the state government was new, the state itself sparsel.v populated; our pul lii men were untried and it was a dlffloult matter to seoure tlie nrvicea of men willing aud oompetent to perform the arduous dntlea incumbent upon the guhernatorial function. In both the instanees cited, the lleuten&nt-governon promoted to the gov ernorship were eqnally protuinent before tlie people, eqnalur strong in their iutel leotual powers nnd euppoeed to he eqnally competeiit to perform the duties of governor. But this kind of promotion ceasecl with the aecond instance. The rule of promotion, scarcely established, was immediately dis eatnhluihed, And of the eeventeen gov eruors of Missouri, since eleeted, not one had served as lieutenant-governor or been a candidate for that oflice. There have been several instances wherein tbe lieutenant governor nf Missouri has ottered himself as a oandldate for nomlnatton as governor, but In no case have his claiins met with recognition. Just why his party or his peo ple denied tbe promotion lOttgnt I can not nndertaka to say, eapecially when it has souietimes appeared tbat such candidate was perbapa tbe equal in Intelleetnal at- tainments and tnental powerof his success ful rival Your.s respeetfully, A. A. Laauatra, 8een 'trn ofStatt, In eleven atates of the Union in cludtng, in New Bngland, Maiue and New Hampabire the office of lieuten-ant-governor does not exisl, the presi dent of the senate succeeding to the oflice of governor, in case of death or disabi.ity, till a new election has been mado. If any voter has been led, by the jaron and special plcadiiiffof the papera of the promotion combtne, to queatlon the wisdom of the actlon of the convention of 1880, let him be rc aaaured by the evidence preaented from other states which are among the most eminent for the Intelllgence of their people and the wholesoine character of their customs aud iustitutions. Ver mont was led, by the ready tact and shrewdness of Colonel Hooker, to break up a cuatom against which pres.i and people had been loudly declaiming; and she followed his lcadership with a rush and sweep that showed how intolerahle the cuatom had hecome and how eagerly she aelaad the opportunity to trampla it under fOOt, In this conncction it is pertinent to publlkh another, which is a type of many, of the answers the Watciiman received from its circulai if last August: Kdttor of WaichMan . i was a member of the convention at the time I.iiiitenant governor Kuller was uominated. 1 aji plauded as loudly as auyhody the remarks nf Ooloael Hooker, and reknced tbat the convention was posscsscd ot NUtlicient baek tnme to hreak up the pernicioiiH praetice of inaking governors by rull . I'nless tbe ring, IVblch seeins tn run tlie politics nf Vermont, is broken, I fear the demoormtic vote iu the state will be largely increased at the next election. The answers to the W.vn IIMAN cir cular showed that represetitative citi zens in all partsof the state were op poaed, three loone, to a return to the custotn of Immadlataly promoting the lieutenant-governor to tho governor ship. Thedevelopmentsof the canvass sustain the " consensus." Nou-pro-motion i the established praetice of the states of the Union. The rule is gbout the only wholesotue one of the many that domiuate polilical actiou in thla atate. We are glad to see that iu respect to it the republieans of Vermont propoae t " tick"