Newspaper Page Text
VERMONT WATCHMAX & 8TATE JOURNAL, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 20, 1890 Jfarm anJ) 6artin, Atldremi hII Imiiilrlei nr rnniiniiiilpntlinin In rclntlnn tn HKiioulluri! to 1)11. T. R UofKINl, IftWpOrti Vt Fililorinl Notliurs. IX is n mislake for any one to tliink that wc are opposed to thc blftCk nnd white Dutch cntlle which linvc hccn boomed hy a nuniher of wealthy specu- lators niid breeders for thc ist flfteen years under tlio false and niisl ading name of " Holstelns." A number of very honeil breeders of these cattle rc- fUied tO adopl that name, yet dld DOt like Ihe iiain tltle of Dutoh or Holland cattle. So they took up RD ancienl name of that country, and styled thelr Stock " Friesians." Hut most of the wealth was in the hands of the IIol Btein ritig, and thc two MSOCtattoni were finally utiited under the prcpos terous name of " IIolstein-FrieRian." These hlack and white cattle never had any more connection with thc duchy of Holstcin than the English Shorlhorns or Devous. They are, as a race and as a breed, jiure Holland cattle natives of the prcsent kingdora of the Nether lauds, commonly called Holland, the people of Wblch are known as " Dutch," though the name is often improperly applied to the liermans. Tiiat we are not opposed to thll breed of cattle can easily be shown by our whole record as an agricultural editor. So far back as August, 1S71 , we puhlishcd in ihe Vermont Farmer, of which we were then editor, an " Nis torical Sketch of the Dutch Cattle in the I'nitcd Siatea," in which the his torlan, Motley, I'rofessor Silliman, and a number of other writers familiar with them in their native country, were quoted in regard to their merits. In this and Bubsequent articles we gave an accouut of the flrst introductiou of these cattle into the Uuited States, early in this ceutury, by Consul Jarvis, who brought a herdof them (a bull and five cows) to liis farm in Weathers field, Vt. Thla herd was raaintaincd in its purity for many years; but that strain has since been crossed up and lost, we believe, by interbreeding with later iinportations. We were quite fa miliar with a large herd of the deseend ants of that stock, owned by Thomas IJaker of Barton, Vt. Ile obtained his start from the herd of the late Carlos 1'ierce of Stanstead, 1'. Q., with which we were also acquainted. There is probably not an agricultural writer in America who has had more or longer opportunities than ourself to form a fair judgmeut of this stock. THE Jarvis herd was imported be fore the attempt to combine beef with milk had been made by the Dutch breeders, and were considerably less in sizu than the Chenery and other late importations. But they were not iu ferior as milkers, and were far better suitcd to our liilly Vermont paatures. Their record as milkers was very good, and as butter-niakcrs they were quile equal to the best selected natives of that time, or perhaps since. In many respects their charaeteristics were much like the Ayrshires, but they had larger teats and were more easily milked. They never made high-colored or high flavored butter, but it was remarkably tirm, aud kept well. Tiik marked peculiarity of the Dutch cattle is the profusion of their yield of milk. They are bred for deep milking, with very little attcntion to quality. In fact, in those early dya very little attention was paid anywhere to the quality of milk. It was supposed to bu always about the satne thing, and cows were ranked eutirely according to the quantily given. Dairying, as a busi ness, was then in its infaucy. It was not until the introduction of the Jerseys that notice began to be widely taken of differences in milk. One who happened to acijuire a Jersey cow was so surpriscd with the heavy yield of rich creara on lier moderate mess if milk that the mattcr began to be generally discussed, and farmcrs gradually recognized that there was really a choice in cows for butter makiug. The consequences of this change are now widespread, and the facls are basic facts, upon wliich our butter dairying rests. WHAT we do objcct to, and always havc objected to, is the puibing lo the front, by the extensiveand persevering advertising of wealthy breeders and speculators, of the Holland cattle as the bett butter breel. To be sure, it lias had very little inlluence here in Vermont, for the mind of tbe Vermont dairyman has been pretty well made up for soine time that the .lersey cow is what he wants. We are breeding up u class of Jerseys and .Tersey iriades that actually surpass all but the very best imported stock. Tbe Jersey crosses well upon the old native stock, aud wiih improved f eedlng and fair tbe dalry lierds of Vermont are to-day probably the best butter producers in the WOrld, taken as a whole. Rtand at thc head of all breeds of cattle. They do away with all Qeoeitlly and in fact of ncnrly all tcmptalion to water market milk; nnd not unfre- qaently their prodnot falli beiow the Itne whcre adullcration may be sus- peotedi We do not oomtdertheie facts to bo objectionablc. Wo think it would be evcry way better that our cilies should bo supilied with a not ovcrricli but pure and genuinc milk, like that of thc Dutch cows, than with the watered and adulteratcd product of a richer-milking race. rvcrything is madt for something, and the Dutch cow is pre-eminently the milkman's cow. 1 It is loudly claimed that the Dutch cow is, in lier own country, a butter producing cow. This is true; but her butter is as poor in color and (lavor there as here, and the Irish, Swedish and French butter lake the lead of it in evcry market where they mect. As a cheese-producing cow, howcver, and espccially as a cow for the production of malt long-keeping cheeses, the Dutch cow is unequaled. The making of these cheeses is a great. business in Holland, and mlgbt well be duplicated in parts of our country where the land is level and the meadows moist and rich, as they are in II lland Here the Duteb cow will lind the oonditloni under which she was produced and per fected. Although. the climate is much hotter there than in her native land, we believe that upon the rich plalni of western Louisiana she could bc made at home, and bo a great success. In Holland she is carefully tended, carded, covered with a shect to protect her from flies, and shares her owner's dom icile. We believe that if paius were taken to introduce lier among the Aca dian French population of L'juisiana, and to instruct the people there how best to ntiiiae her rcmarkable qualities as a machine to turn the grass of moist meadows into milk specially adapted to makiug long-keeping cheese, her des tlny as an immigrant to America would be fullv realized. THK Dutch cattle are not u worthlcss breed, hy any mcans. The cfTort to make cows of them was ulterly mis dlreoted; but as mere milk-producers, regardleil of quality, they probably The Hen Itiisiness. We are a little surprised to find Poul try Editor Hunter of the New England Furmcr using a column or more to re ply to our few words expressing a be lief that hens fcd solely with pur chased food could hardly afford mucli proflt to the expenmenter, unless the prices received for eggs and fowls were much above the average. But Mr. Hunter undertakes to show that fowls so fed pay better than fowls kept upon the farm in the usual way. Ile says the cost of the fecd for his hens is 81.26 per fowl per yoar, and that the income is from 4 to $4.25, giving a net proflt of $2.75 to S3.12 apiece. Mr. Hunter does not mentiou the price he gets for eggs or fowls, but says they are easily within reach of any Ver mont farmer. We wish he would tell us what he gets a doz3U for his eggs, how many his hens average per year, aud what he gets for his dressed poul try. We should then have a better basis for comparison betweeu his hens and our own. Mr. Hunter is surely mistakeu when he says that farmers' poultry are not well fed. There is an iramcnse amount of good food to be plcked uj) by hens on the farm, in the shape of iuscets, seeds and other vegetable sub stances, all of which are so plenty that the fowls need not exert themselves more to collect it than is good for their health. In thc fall, when the graiu comes in, the scatterings in the fleld and about the bulldings will make the farmers' fowls, already in good order, fat In a few weeks, and nearly all this food would go to waste were it not for ihe fowls. Of course a farm must not be ovcrstocked with hens, any more than with other stock. Fowls shut up most of the time are very subject to disease, and although an cxpert can nianage to keep an enclosed tlock bealtby, he does it at the expense of much time as well as money. Mr. Hunter lays great stress upon getting his eggs mostly at the season of bigh prices, aud says the farruer gets his egg crop at the time of low prices. That is a fact, as a rule; but the rca son for it, as bctween northern Ver mont and eastern Massachusetts, is the diffcrence in the winters. The south sliore espccially is particularly favor able, with its mlld climate, frcedom from dccp suows, and chcap animal food in the lish waste and other coast food accessible to poultrymeu. If we were going into the hen business as a specialty that is the location wesbould pick; but eveu then we should take something else a poultry editortbip, for luitanoe to belp out. Tbe dlfferenoe between thc farmer'i position and the hen faucicr's is that the expenses of the farmer are com iaralivcly nothiug, aud although his prices of poultry und poultry products are often much less, there is always a balanoe on the rlgbt ilde, Jnder special circuinstances, favorable to winter-laying, a heiincry may bc made to pay, and we do uol doubt Mr. Huoter'i itatementa, tbougb his round Dumbera give the Imprettlon that they are upproximute rather than exact. The geueral experieuco has certainly beeu agaiust prolit with yardcd heus, and wc find uncontradiclcd statenicnts to tbeeffeot that not one in twi nty-five who go into the business ever make anjtblng at it. But this, too, is a round number, and may be only a gucss. lteally, wc think the OOUdlllOD of the man who trics to make a budness of poultry is much like that of thc. VrotnBD who trics to live by her necdle. She flndt hcrsclf met by thc oompetition of other women who have good liotncs, and take in sewing only to make a little cxlra money. Thc women who gener ally attend to the poultry of the farm are in a like lltuatlon, and, taken to getber, their little!, all added Up, make a great supply, only to be conipared with the great staples. The poultiy specialists certainly have a claim both for high duties and bountics, as aainst such oompetition. Around Ihe Orcharrt. FANCJY MAIiKKT 1'Kt lT. Thosc growcrs who are accustomcd to selling their apples at from onc to two dollars a barrel, and think the last a paytng pricc, have little conccption of thc money that may be got out of applc-growing. The growers of choice dessert apples in England think little of getting from sixpence to a shilling each for their Baa fruita. There is no risk in saying that, lct them do their best, we can here in America grow liner apples at a much less cost than the most careful orchardist in the cora parativcly sunless mother country. For those who are lookingforan uncrowded fleld of labor in horticulture, it secms to us that here is a rather desirable opening. Not that the field is eutirely unoccupied, but that it is yet, aud for some time to comc will be, a good and profltable one. "There is always room, up high." Perfectly llawlcss apples, of our best and most beautiful dessert sorts, if put upon the right market at the moment of their greatest perfcction, can be easily sold at from ten to tweuty dollars a bar rel. Instead of beinga high this is a low cstimate. Apples of medium size run ab' .ut 600 to the barrel, and at twenty dollars a barrel would beonly fourccnts apiece. But this class of apples should never be barreled. They should be haudled like eggs; and really the best case for shipping such fruit is made upon the same plan as the cellular egg cases. In these faucy Canadian ap ples are now being succcssfully shipped to England, aud have uetted the grow ers about three dollars a bushel. SOMK SELEOT VABIETIES. Thc dessert apple grower wants to produce fruit for all seasons, and with the help of cold storage he can easily supply the tablcs of his custoniers wiih choice apples, in prirue order for eat iug, every day in the year. The list from which selections may be made is Bufflciently long, but just the right choice for a given locality requires a knowledge of local adaptatious. Some of our best apples aro very local in this respcct, not succocding at all outside of a limited area of country. I'erfect form, beauty of color, aroma, adelicate fiavor aud mcllow flesh are requisites. Freedom from all fungoid defacement is also essential, but this can now gen erally be secured by fungicidc spraying. The following is perhaps a Bufflciently full list for the northern half of the country : Snnimer Apples. Yellow Trans- parent, Early llarvest, Early Joe, l'ri mate, Amerioan Summer Pearmain, Bed Astrachan, Mniden's Blush, Sum mer Uose. Autumn Apples, Williams' Favorite, Famcuse, 1'riucess Louise, Fameuse Sucrce, Peaeh of Montreal, (Iraven stein, Dyer, Garden lloyal, Fall Pip pln, Fall Wine, l'orter. Winttr Apples. American Golden Pippin, Mclntosh Bed, Baltimore, Bel mont, Buokingbam, Ksopus Spitzen burgh, Grimes' Golden, Hubbardton Xonesuch, Ilunt's Busset, .lewett's Fine Bed, Wealthy, .lonathan, Mon moutb Pippin, Northern Spy, I'ryor's Bed, Bambo, Bed Oanada, Westfield Seek-no-Furtber, Yellow Belitlower, Siripcd Wiuter l'earniain, Swaar, Mother, Wageuer. CUI.Tl'KK OF OHOICE APPLES. If one is going into the cultivation of this class of apples, with a view to mak iug a paying business of it, he will seek a convenienl location, uol too far from his market. A deep, rich soil (either uat urally or arliliciaTly to) is essential tothe best results, and garden culture must be given from the start. In order not to wait too long, and also because we often get much Qner apeoimeni in this way, it is advisablc lo set out a large proportlon of dwarf and half dwarf trees. As these, particularly the former, are short-Iived, they may be set between the staudard trees, aud will be removed before oue will enoroaoh upon thc other. Not all varicties are adapted to dwarfiog, but some of the kinds late in ooming to bearing are much baitened as dwarfs or semi- dwarfl. In addition lo l'aradise aud Doucain stocks we cau, from experi- enoe, strongiy recommend ihe Te- lofsky as a stock for this purpose. Clcan surface culture, an 1 liberal muloblng, are both require 1. Deep plowing in au orchurd, after the lirst five or six years, is not desirable. Au opporlunily to irrigate is not to be despiscd, for in a vcry dry season a supply of watcr will prevenl heavy loss by the arrested growth and preniature dropplng of the fruit. A spriugy hill sidc, leleOllng a spot with a moderate and cven slope, an cxccllcnt site for an apple orcliard. On such a spot the trees thrive, beaf well, and produce the largest, fairesl and most finely colorcd fruit. We think an eastern ex posure best, but nol at much sacrillce of aftcrnoon sunlight. If you wish for finc fruit, tbinning will bo the blggeat Job in your orcliard, after the trees come to full bearing. This is particularly true if you de termlne to spray for the codlin worm, and other insect depredatoraj but at the prices you may expect to obtalti for choice fruit the most thorough and careful work will give the best returns. Il should be a rule that no apple must tOUOfa another, at any stagc of their growth. I'runing Ottght to be systemat ically iracticed from the first, with a vicw to open beada for the trees. A " brushv " tree yields very little good fruit. Wc believe that three main branclies are better than more; but thc system of pruning must be modified, according to the habit and growth of each variety. When our crop has matured upon thc tree the gathering of it, in such a man ner as not to deface it, approaches a line art. I'resupposing a proper prun ing of the trees, and a thorough, care ful tbinning of the fruit, the most care ful gathering, slow though it may be, will be most profltable. If thc spray ing and the tbinning has had the de sired cffcct, the proportion of first-class fruit ought to be very large, and no one would desire to lesscn this by too hasty gathering. While the orcliard is com paratively young much of the fruit can be taken off thc trees by hand while standing on the ground, or with cup pickers. As they grow taller, ladders and staging will be needcd, but in all cases haste will niake waste and sub tract from net protils. Half-bushel baskets, lined and wadded, with drop handles, are vcry convenient for gath ering, and we should prcfcr to do the as sorting directly from them iuto the flnal packages. Of course a somewhat dif fereut practice is to be followed with the early and later varicties. The best provlsi m, in the way of storehouscs and cellarage, is of much importance; and neat or even ornamental packages couduce greatly to successful sales. Facts About Wool. The followiugarticle from the Boston Traveller will be found very interest ing to all wool-growers, as showing the opiniona of an expect wool-buyer upon the wool business as a whole and in its dlfferent branches, and also tbe way in wliich he looks upon the pro posed changes in the wool duties: Thinking that some facts in relation to thc wool and tariff questions might be of interest just at the prcsent time, as they are beins largely discussed in and out of congress, the Travelhr rep- resentativc at Salem called upon.Ioseph Walworth, K-q.. yesterday, at his sum mer resideucc, Juniper Point, and so llcited an intcrview. The questions and answers, as suggestcd by the intcr view, are as follows: " Mr. Walworth, you are, I ara in formed, the lartrest individual wool buyer in the world." 4 Well, I really could not say as to that, but I have spenl about liftv tuill iou dollars in buviug wool, rcckoning American value, during thc iast twenty eiLrlil years, and the PaclnC mills has paid in one year 8400,000 in gold iu duty on wools imported." " How does domestic wool compare with foreign wool? Is it possible to produce in this country at a protitsome of tbe tinergrades of foreign wools?" " I prefer to answer these two ques tions together. Australian fine, UU washed wool will sell to-day in Bostou market for say liftv per cent more than American fine, uuwashcd wool. I could not say wliether or not it is pos sible to grow the finer grades of wool at a protit in the Unlted States, as againat the Cape, New Zualand or South Americau; but 1 don't think it has been donc as yet. The United States have never successfully raised long combing wools in competitlon with England, Canada or New Zealand. 1 do not mean to say that the States have never raised any combing wool, but thc quautity is insiguiflcaut as conipared with the consumption. It is a very foolish idea to think that the United States can raise all classes of wool ueeded. Of course no country grows wool adapted to all classes of goods. The Scotch cheviots depeud primarily on obevlot WOOl, wbioh hasa peculiarity possesscd by no other wool. I kuow a gentleman who could not make a cent nor please the market with his goods until he acoldentally cbanged from American wool to Mesti.a, and then be could both make money and plcuse his ouatomerii ln both vroolen and worstcd goodi you cau get a dlfferent effi cl from Australian merino than American fine wools. In long worsted wools the United Btatea, in ray oplnlon, can never grow a ' LiUCOlU Hov 1 aud Sussex cau not grow It, although a oounty iu what we are. pleascd to oall the same small country. "New South Walei does nol and could nol lUCCewfully grow the Knglish breedB of long-wooied stieep, iuon aa the forkablre, Lincoln, Leicester, etc. But New Zealand, with a more bumld climate and Engliah grasses, can grow the long wools. 1 havc found a won derful dlfferenoe in the same clasB of abeep in dlfferent localitlea of the same slate in this country. The wool grown on one farm would be worlh, in intrin sic value, two lo three cents por pound uiore tbau on auother farm, owing to the dlfferenoe ln watcr, soil and lo cality. There is no doubt but climate, soils, fced, breed and knowledge havc almost cvcrything to do with tbe classes and nature of wool raised in any coun try. A few years ago I saw at an exbi- bitton in London lamplei of 400dlffer ent classes of wool, from thc frigiil to thc torrid zones. Mr. Bowmau, F.B.S., wliom I havo thc pleasure of kuowing, adviscd thc Australian wool irrowers to sclect tlic special class of aheep for which thelr own climate and surroundings are best adapted, to al tnin the highcst perfection in wool, and that advico is much needcd in thla country. The United States raise a great deal of good and useful wool, but do not raise wool with the same lin Ishlng quality as Cape wool; and the ( lape does not raise such staple wool as Australia or New Zealand. East India, l'ersia and many other bot COUUtrlea raise carpct wools. It woulil be B great mistake for the United States to try to raise carpct wools as a business, as they can do so much better; but Mo rocco, l'ersia, India, etc, can raise no other, owing to climate. ln England about nincty per cent of all wool grown is worsted, or combing wools, trrown on mutton sheep of various breeds, while in the United States about ninety per centof the wool is clothing and only about ten per cent is combing. The great bulk of tbe sheep in the United States are Merino, or crosses witli Merino. For Oallfornla and most of thc pralrle atatea this is thelr best pollcy; but for Vlrginla, Maryland, Kentucky, Ohio, Pennayl vanla, New Vork and theNew Bagland Siales 1 think a cross with Merino and some class of Knglish blooded sheep would be an improvemcnt, as glvlng more worsted, or combing wool, and at the same time ralsing a mutton sheep. In Virginia the Knglish colony have brought in their Knglish breeds of mut ton sheep, and thus will raise a large carcass for mutton and a big fl iece of combing wool. As farmers, they will make a deal more money than those men who keep the small, line-wool sheep, for the flecce is llght and is apt lo run off into ' Kempy broeches,' and these sheep are of very little use for mutton. I have been glad to notice an Improvement in the breed of West Virginia sheep durtns the last two years. There is less 'Kempy breeches' and not so many of those old dried-up flneces. California does not raise onc pound of combing wool and never ought to her soil and climate belng best adapted to the Merino sheep. Ver mont, however, could raise as good mutton and as good combing wool as Ontario. And the ordinary farmer not the sheep-breeder for the past twenty years would have had a quick market for his wool and mutton, and, in my opinion, would have made twice the money for himseif as has been donc there by the Merino sheep. I believe in the Merino sheep if they are in the right place. There is no other one breed which has done so much for the industries of the world as the Merino. I do not wish to be misunderstood as to the Merino sheep; but the place to raise and keep Merinos, in my judg ment, is not near great centers of pop ulation. They are the right sheep for California, Texas and the prairie states, and for Biver Platte, S juthern Kussia and Australia. " But as to making a proflt out of rirising wool, that will depend on the meu engaged in the business and their adaptability to the same, as well as to competitlon. I am of the opinion that competitlon will Increaae, and that the general tendency is to lower prices for wool the world over. In the twelftb century in England the wages of a la borer was one penny a day. but wool was worth at the same time four pence per pound. There the laborer had to work sixty days for the value of astono (fourteen pounds) of wool. To-day the laborer can carn the value of a stone of wool in four days. An excellenl judL'c iu England isaac Holden, M.P. says that, iu his opiuiou, line unwashed Merino wool will be raised and sold as cheap as cottou say eight to twclve cents per pound. Ile clalma that Monte video, Biver 1'latte, Southern Kussia and Australia can live at the bualness j at the prices natned, and that competi tlon will bring UOWn the pncc yet lower." " What do vou think of the Mc Kinley bill, Mr. Walworth?" " I have always been a republlcan, and favor protection for the United States, but 1 do not like the McKinley bill; it is too cxtreme and prohibitorv If passed, I think it would probably cause an exlreme reaction within two, or six years at most. I should have preferred to see the tariff equalizrfd and modified, as we wero promised it WOUld be. As to wool, the duty on it at the prcsent values under the Mc Kinley bill would be sixty per cent. 1 prefer an iul valorem duty on wool, so long as we are to have a duty on raw material." Jtfioerttitmmta. Pecu I iar Mnny peenllw ijnts naka Booda flar aapariua snperlor t nti ottipr madlolwi. rseallar in sombtiiatlon, proportlon, and preparatlon if lngredienta,i( Hood'a Baraaparllla tfae (alleuratlve vatneol the jr4 i t known fm-irHr '"i tlio vogetaWo klog-y fjS$ S ''" Peonliu in ilsCj5r atrengtti and eennoitiy rV'''M"ls aaparilla urS'rWm onlynedl elne of wWch oan tmiy snill;iJ 99 "OneHundred Doaea 0iwr eJjri)M:'r." Medtolnei ln larger and amallef bottlea fr reqnlra larger doaea, and do not prodneeaa good rotnlta aa flood'a. r r'eiiii;ir tn its medlelnal merita, Ilood's Sarsaparilla acoomiilislies cures liith- crio nnknnwn, and lias v,,n for lisr.if tlio tltle of "The greateat 'AAt pnritier ever dlaoovered." i'eciiiiarinlts"ii()odnanii eL- IAmrl tllnrn l. . . A "i ' i n narsajiariiia snld ln i.owcn, wnere V"nt tsmadc, than of allT 4. Tother IHood purlflcrs., Jreculiar ln Its phenome-a AViial record of salos alirnad, Stf S no other iirenaratiim lias N Acvev AfttAlflfid aneli nnnii- 1 1 y in so Miori. a i.ime, r reiajneu jih jHjiiuiai iiy k and eanfldenee among all classes S " peoplo so steadlastly. To not bc Induned to !ny other preparatlons. bUt bo surc to get tho PeOttlUU MsdMM, Hood's Sarsaparilla Solil by all drnKidti!. gl;lrforJV 1'roparoaonly bj C. I. IIOOD CO.,Apotlio-ttrlos, Lowell, Mas. IOO Dosos One Dollar EVERYBODY'S MUSIC, AlDOnff khi Rliuiiilnnt trt' irtun (if nur Immcimc stock ln m ycnir " annitnnul umslr huokn." Temprranrr Vo wU liie TKMPERANCE ORt7SA.DK -isc.iits; ft.M ! aoz.i. I. - ! a Monrt. TEM PKRA 'K RAM.VIWn wuvna n ct-ntfi; H.l t0 pf r iloz A. Milll. Vatt VMC9 CUbt iriHUkf- pt'r cniz. r .?i r,ii rJfllALn VUlvJS vUUIJI MJ -iitfl ilW p6f (IriZ.i Tif QfUttd Army iritl ttkt WAR8ONO8(50cedtBi 4.90perdoi . lioiix, ol't atui founy, irilt like. COLLEGE soN(is. W longi i -u-. (feu 20U.OOQ loldi Srhoot Teaihers can not htlp UHnff tfie ttiff tok$: SON,; NAM'AL S'rlV.r,: Emo. riftHO Tftvhert n ilt Ukt reri min'h, as tfir bt-t romnutwH t tttp ftUtfUCtWH Huyk, KASONM SVSTIOM OF TECHNICAL KX ERCI8ES 0 rKA I8E IN SONG i Doenti 4S0 i?r dM.). Kin- LTHOU Lotters of tiKiulrr Ohoarftllly nnwered. Bookl niitileil for retail price. OUVEB DITSOH CfJMPANY. Boston, Mass. Climate Food Water 'J hrea duntrcrH now mcnnce the traveller, tourlnt, nnd vacatlonint. They are climate, fowl, and watcr. To guard HL'ainHt them requirei jndurmeiit, anntl D6000 and an unfailing Rupply of jSanford's Cinger 'ontainlne, amontf Itw innredient, the !ct of 1m portcd Kiimerand tlie pnrcrt of niedicinal Kn nch i'randy, SANFoun'H GtvaM loitaotly relletM Oholeit morbui) onUDpl and patOli and evcry fiim luerill, preveiitM iudi-'i'tioii, dcHtroyf difeare L'criii' in water drunU, crcateM poreptfmtton, lireakf up colilc, chlllf, and imple fevi-n, overeomei exbftOaV tlon, allayp iiervounncnft, proinoteH ileep, and wards off maiarial, oootAgioae, and epldomio loflueooee. NO hounehuld or traveller It fafe u ithout it. Dniinrn0 chcap, wortblees, nod often daogeroui DDwfttl C gtngera, wh!i li :m urged -. ubntUutcs, Ank for BanfohdN iiNM:u, with Owl Tiade lnark on the wrupper, and take no other. Sanford's Cinger Is nold by ull drogglfta and grooan. Pottcr Ilrui? and Cliein. Corp'n, Prop'i, Boatoii. An exobange says: " Xot n siiiLrle ereeping, crawllng or bopping thing i to he neen in our tomato hol-bed of four sashes, ezoept one toad, which in re ality is nothing else than a wandering (hopping) inseot trap, and gobbles up every baplesa small oreature that gets into it." Tiik loss of uutrimeni in eorn silage need not he over tweuty per cent. When the fodder is cured, it is gener ally much greater. It appeara that foreignera oan aupplj our eastern markets with potatoes for less freight ohargea than are paid over our own railroads. DOWNS' ELIXIR N. H. DOWNS' VEGETABLE BAL8AMI0 ELIXIR 2 Hss stood the test for flfty-ninetB w lfvars and hai proved (iUelf the I k -: i i ; 1 1 i 1; i ii ii f . , r tlio nnvA . . t ) ' Coughs, Colds, Whooping Cough, and all Lung Diseases i n young or old. SOLD EVERYWHERE. Price, SBO., "0e.f 81.00 jier fiottlo. :::;:t :::::':::::::;: rropi., BarUsgtos.vt. DO WNS ' ELIXIR O Q I AYEUnRF sop thf am One of ho - i I I h' WOrM. Our ln IIRTm ar. ...I. A anri ... I..lr..i ntir luMTior po4.l. W1 will l.ndFlll lui'NK I'lKM'H in rnli . .lity. I 1 I. . -' to u. t oniT i AU niftkc .urr of the ehUM All you h.v. n-doln tvlurn m to thow our fto4l to wha call fotu Rfishbon nd tttOM .rouoa yu Tm bt VfntllH of UU. B.lvrrtl-i-nirnt ?. 7k ..ll -n.l ... II.. I.U. wlnp rut ptvf. ttn- .t.p.iirHtiri? of II ri-.l--iMo Skvk.n years' exiei iments at the ohio station favor the nlanting of eorn at the depth of one Incn. Eui'Kt'sv. This is what you ought to have in faCl you must liave it to fullv j enjoy life. TIiouhuikIh are Searching for it daily, and mournlng because tbej lind it not. Thousands upon thousands id tlollars are spent aiinuitlly by our people iu the bope that they may altain this boon. And yet it may be had by all. We guarantee that BSlectric Bltters, if used accordiug to tlireetions and the use persisted in, will brlng you good digestlon and oual the demon dyspepsia and Install Instead eupepsy. We recom mend the Electrio Blttera for dyspepsia and all diseases of liver, Stomach and kldneys. Sold at tifty oenti and i.oo per hottle hy all drugg'ista. PENSIONS. Attention,Veterans ! HV rUI PBOVIBIONS OF 1 111 Ad of CoDgress of June 27, 1890, h very larne niiinher of Tttf flltti ,, tlie Widuwi tml Dpn4nt PAranti of dteeiMied ftoldicrfl. are eiitttletl to pHtotioiu. 1 am pieMred tOMtUl any aliii all mteh In the jirocnre lui'itt of 1 he MIUOi u4 for that bttrpOM have. with lhkiil I. r'rKin-, Ut at law. rstaliliithed Omeei at Manehemer. I'oiicord and N.tNlinu, V II., where fttU Infonuatton relattltn thereto can he OD tained. J All who areentltled nhouhl API'hY ATONCK. Prouipt eotion will early place your name on the uHinihin rotl- ( all in i 1 "r neiid me vour nnine.au! clri'iihtrc iu i.e uutiicii you. v ii Im oi iiham;, I.hI I S. reiiMluii Atfent.