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VERMONT WATCHMAN & STATE .TOIltNAL, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 20, 1890.
TOatrljman gounral. WEDNFSDAY, AUGUST 20, 1800. lteiilllcrtll State Nmiitnatlon. FOR OOVRnNOR, CABBOLL S. PAGE, Hyde I'ark. PO i.ikxtknast iiDVnnsnn, HKNKY A. FLETCHER, Cavendish. rou liumid IIKNIIY V. FIELD, Hutland. FOR DKCRKTART OF STATE, C. W. BROWNELL, Jr., Burlington. FOR AVDtTOI OK ACC'OrNTff, E. IIKNKY POWELL, Kichford. rou MKMiiKit (k OOXOHBMi WILLIAM W. GROUT, Barton. COtJNTT TICKKT. KOR SKNATORP, flEolttiE V. IlANIi ..f Waterbury . F. A. DWINBLL of Plainfield. FOR ASS1STANT .TUDOKS, II. W. LYFOBD of Warren; T. H. LANUK of Cabot. for .nrimie of p rou atk, HIHAM OABLBTON of Montpelier. FOR STATF.'S ATTORNKY, ZEH S. STANTON of Roxbury. FOR RIIKR1FF, E. W. IIOWE of Northfield. FOR BlGfl HAII.1FF, JOHN L, MOSBLBY of Xortbliclil. FOR COfNTV ('OMMlSflinNF.il, ALBBBT JOIIONNOTT of Montpelier. the state. Another peculiarity is the provislon for government control of the tclegraphic sorvice of the country. The experiment will he closely watched in the United States. Thc president ean be irapeached by thc senate or thc supreme court. No cahinct minister can he elected either president or vice president. The general principlc of the relation between the state and federal govcrnmenta isthcaame as that of our own country. One noticeahle point about thc constitution is that the sutTrage is based on educational quali ficatious. It is evidcntly a very carc fully ilrawn instrument. Proctor Knott of Kentucky, who ridiculed Duluth in a speech at Wash ington, sime yenrs ago, as " the zenith city of thc unsaltcd seas," has bccn at that city receutly and rcccived a most cordiai welcomc. I'crhaps he is not " aorry he apoke," but he has learncd a good deal of the possibilities of west ern citics siuce he niadc that speech. WlLLIAM TELL is a myth. Scholars are sure about it, and the government of Switzerland has ordered the story of liis sturdy opposition to tyranny to be taken from the school histories. Un welcome as such news is, it is bettcr that the facts sliould be well under stood. The truth is cvcn more impor tant thau a story of patriotism aud valor. The New York Tribune reports tliat John 1). Kochefellcr will give 820, 000,000 to found a national Baptist universlty at New Vork. Such an atnount of money in good hands would thoroughly equip a great university, and in poor hands it might be entirely wasted. New York is not so good a location for such an institution as Chi cago would be. I'crhaps the greatest need of Chicago is a well-appointed university of the highest order. Mn. Bj.aink has made a valual)le convert to his reciprocity idea in Sena tor Kdmunds. The lattcr introduced on Monday thc following amcndmcnt to the tariff bill, which was relcrrcd to the committee on flnance: " That whcnever the prcsident of the Uuited States shall be satisfied that a sugar producing country wbence sugar is ex ported into thc United States lias abol ished its duties or taxes on importation of the principal agricultural products of the United States, he niay, by proc- lamation, diminish or wbolly remit the dutics iruposed by law on sugar, or any crades of sugar, produccd and exported dircctly from any such country into the United States." This means a tradc l)ctween this country and a augar producing country. We are to give a free market for sugar in returu for a free market for agricultural products. As it is to be assumed that the price of sugar will be lowered by such a tradc, it would seem that the gain would all be with us. Thc southern stiirar raiscrs might suffer, but every one else would be botter off. It is reported that an elfort will be made to arrauge discussions on the tariff reform issue at county fairs throughout New York state this fall. The national republican congreasioual committee is said to favor the plan. Of course the discussion would be of value in giving iuformation to raen who have few opportunities for hear ing speeches by able debaters, but if polilics and agriculture were mixed ou these occasions the latter would be likely to suffer. Agricultural fairs should not attempt too much. THE correspondence between this government and Frauce regarding the duty imposed by the latter on American pork reveals the faot that this duty is levied on economic rather than sauitary grounds. The Frencli are not willing to compete with us in raising pork. No fault could be found with them for taking that position if they made the rule of exclusiou general. As it is, however, they seek only to prohibit the importation of American pork. The government at Washington is tryiug to make them see that this is not fair play. Ketaliation by excluding French wines is talked of. THE great militarv demonslration by the Grand Army of the Republic dur ing all of last weck gave Boston an ad ditional population mounting up to bnndreds of thousands. l'assing over the immcdiate purposcs of the gather Ing aud the interostsof its inililarv par licipants, it was spccially important as B Lri-;at object-lesson to our younger voters, to growing boys and girls aud to those adoptcd citlzem who have im migrated since 1S(i.5, the closing year of the great civil war. Since that date twcnty-live years have elapsed. Xo person under thirty-five can have any deflnite recollections of the fearful struggle, and mucli less than one-half our population have passed thirty-five years. The recollection of even the most eventful occurrences passes away quickly, and many of the junior major ity have hitherto read or heard little of the events which happened before they wercbornorin their early childhood. We hope that the Grand Army's meet Ing will stimulate the interest of thou sands in the civil war, fora study of its incidents will draw their attention to the great principles which underlie our government. SeNATOB EDMUND8 has drawu up a few rules to regulate debate on the tariff bill, and he is now tryiug to have them adopted by the senate. Their chief provision is to limit speeches to fivc minutea, and to allow but one speech per senator on each ltem. The purpose is of course to restrict debate BUfflclently to permit the passage of the bill within a reasonable time. At thc same time an opportuuily is given to every senator to spcak to the point on any ltem. This is a far better way than that of fixing a time for voting, as is doue in the house. While it is im perativc that the tariff bill be passed, it is cqually imperative that careful consideration be given each ltem. If the house had not rushed the bill through so precipitatcly less discussion would be needed in the senate. Sena tor K Imuuds' rules are as fair to dcnio crats as to rcpublicans. They are bascd ou the principles of ccononiv in time, not on that of prohibilion of debate. Somi, of the provisions of the new constitution of Bra.il are pceuliar as, for lnitaDOB that dcclaring clergyinen Ineligible to beoome membors of con- gresB. This and other provisions con oerning rellgloui matteri show thc pur pose of the government to completely eoularlze the state. Civil inarriagcs are oompuUory, noreligloueinstruotion is to be given in thc public schools, .Tesuits are to be excludcd, and no church is to rcceive any support from THE quick work which the h. use made of passing the anti-lottery bill is very gratifying. The senate will doubtless be equally prompt, if no seri ous llaw is discovered in the bill. The country is becoming aroused on the subject of lotteries, and congressmen are scenting the incense of righteous wrath. Yct the lotteries have a very powerful hold on a ccrtain class. The investorsin the Uouisianalottery Inolude in their number many mcn in every com inunity who are in good social and busi ness standing. The busincss is raised to the same level as betting on ball games, and what an imincnse number of small bets are made every day on these games! Hy the terms of the bill postmasters are ordered uot to deliver registered letters to any ierson or com pany eugaged in the lottery business. Such letters are to be marked " fraud ulent " aud returned to the otlice from which they catne. Any patron of the lottery who mails money for a ticket is liable to prcsccution. A hard blow at the lottery is the section which excludes from the mails ncwspapers which carry lottery advertisements. It is not too much to cxpect that if the bill beeomes a law the business of the Louisiaua Compauy will be badly crippled. Thc Couilntr Election. September 2, the date of the next bi ennial election, is near at hand. Tlie state committee has issued an address "to the color-bearers of the republican party in Vermout" and incidentally, we asBume, to the rank aud file of the party remindiug the voters that " im portant issuea are before the, people "; that " it is of the greatest iniportance this year that men of ability and char acler be elected to both branches of thc legislature," and that " all legillatiOO should be in the line of econoiny," while eschewing " niggnrdliness and atinginesB." lu vicw of " the (juiet but persistent efforts of the democratio leudersiu Vermont to create thc imprcs lon that thcre is oppotition to the pro- blbltory law of our state," the com mittee warns the friends of morality and tempertnOC that they can not affoid to he absent from the polls on the lirst Tuesilay of .September. The pride of Vermont in uer republican majorities is recited, and " the color-bearers " are adjurcd not to lower the slaudard now. Husiness or personal considerations should not dcter republican voters from going to the polls, or the fact that this is thc off year render any one indilTerent. The state committee is entirely right thc republican state tickct miM( " com mand thc rcspcct and confldence of cvcry fair-minded voter in the state." As a journal in a ncighboring state characterized it, " the ticket is one of the cleanest and Btrongest that the (irccn Mountain boys have evcr been callcd upon to support." It deaervcs a majority " of which we shall be proud," and we add our earnest cxhortation to the voters to come out and contributc to a booming majority for Page and Fletcher. Uut the size of the majority is, after all, chicfly a matter of party or personal pride. One thousand ma jority, for all practical cnds, is aa good as ten thousand or twcnty-flve thou sand. It is the off year, and it is vain to expect that the tension of national issucs, or national party pride, will be applied and will pile up the majority of presidential years. Of far greater ini portance this year than the size of the state majority is the election for rep resentatives of men having, in the au pcrlative degree, the constitutional quallficallon of " wisdom and virtue." Never since the carlicr years of the state was thcre a louder call that this maudate of the constitution be con strued and obeyed in its letter and spint. It is ncedlesB to recite Bt this time the circumstances of the honr or the conditious that confront the state. They were part and parcel of the latc canvass for governor, or have since been the subject of discussion. The dcvelopments of thc census enforce the necessity for enlisting all the practical wisdom that is available in the work of devising and putting into effective op eration such means as may be employed to arrcstthc backward drift in the farm lng lowns of Vermont. The queslions that should eniploy the flrst and most serious attention of the next legisla ture are for the most part of an In tcnsely practical kind and practical men, successful men of affairs, whose approved wisdom stands also the test of superlative virtue, should be sent to the house of representatives. We care less whether they are farmcrs, lawyers, doctors or business men, provided they have clear hcads, sound judgment, ample experience, broad and compre hensive views, supplemented by virtue of a sterling type and the hiatoric patriotism of Vermontcra. We adjure every town to east about amoug its eiti zena for a man of this atamp, aud, put ting under foot every other considera tion, bring him to the front and elect him to the next general assembly. An election of this sort, constituting a rep resentative body of the constitutional kind, has in it more of real glory for Vermont, more of hope and encour agement, than the heavieat major ity by which the atate has aforetime foretold the triumph of the natioual republican cause. Flaces for Betrenebmentt The canvass for the prospective va cancy on the supreme court bench has become quite lively, and the list of candidates for Judge l'owers' comfort able Beat is lengthening. Uut the popu lar protest against the coulinuance of the uutuber of judges now constituting thc supreme court is recovering its voice. l'ublic opinion, we believe, is very strong for retrenchment at this point, aud for good reasons. The busi ness of the court does not now demand seveu judges, if it ever did. It has practically been done by six for several years, aud the aix, while doing also the work of the seveuth, have at the most not worked harder than if so hard as the average of the BOn-ofttce-holding class. The number of judges sliould certainly be cut down to Bix and there are men of good judgment who say tive. And not only this, but the judicial Balary should be set back to where the legislature of 1880 found it, $2,000 a year. At that time the judicial pay was raised to $8,000 a year, and, to save the state the disgrace of pass taking by its judges, $800 was added for expenses while away from bome on offlclal business. Still sonie but pos sibly uot all of the judges kept on taking passes, till public clatnor led to the substitution of the more reputable milcage ticket, but how much the cash accouut of their houors is credited with outgoes on this acore deponent saith not. At all events, the number niay safely be set back to aix at the iuoat. One full salary may be aavcd and a oorreiponding amount in the aggregate clipped from the salaries now paid to the remaining six. Some other offiolal alariei, also, will bear a paring down, and still leave tho holders well and luoratlvely paid far bettcr than nine tenths of the people who are taxcd to pay such salaries. The large expenditure for the militia iB absolutely indefensible on any ra tlonal frround. For the biennlal term Bnded in 1880 thc state militia bill was $28,816; for tho bieunial term ended in 1SSS the expense was $48,600. For lsT'.i tho cost of the militia was $9,762; for lsHS, $28,016 nearly a threefold iucrease in tea years. The Wak itMAN sharply called at tention to these Ilguros, amoug others, two years ago, during the last legialative seBsion. Kxcuacs were made and ex planationa given to account for this rcmarkable incrcaBe, accompanicd by aasuranccs that thc expense would be lowered during the currcnt blennial term. IIow has the cost ot the militia establishmcnt bccn lowered? For tho flscal year cnded July .'II, 1889, the auditor's orders show that there was paid out for the militia $$8,881.44 ; for thc fiscal year ended July .'II, 1800, $2:5, 992. 02, making an agirregate for the last biennial term of $57, 817.4(1 an increase over the last biennial term of more than $9,000. In this connec tion we beg leave to repeat what wc said of a similar Bhowing in 1888, coru paring the llgures then given with the Biims cxpended for agriculture: " For the biennial term enileil in lHKO tlie cost of the militia wai 838,967; Ol tlie agri cultural department, .?:i,l!T). For tbo bl ennial term ended in 1HHH tbe militia cost was 848,666; tbe department of agriculture, $8,900. Btieh a pln theie, J farmers of tbe general assembly. This looks very mucb like beating pruning-books and plow sbares into swords in a time of profound peace. It is difllcult to understand what rational explanation or warrant ean be found for tbis expenditure. It seems en tirely lrratlonal, wbolly unwarrantable, a mentoe to tbe flnanoial safety of tbe state. Is any Rood end, at all comniensnrate With tbe COSt, Berved by tbis great and growing ontlay?" And, in all soberness, we raise these inquiries ag iin to-day. l'ertinent two years ago, they have an added perti nency to-day. The military expendi tures should be cut back at once to the aggregate for the biennial term of 1880, saving here ncarly $35,000, or the best of good reasons shown why th" enormous cost of this department should be maintained at existing ftg ures. But the increase of the cost of the militia is part and parcel of the unwise and extravagant growth of ex penditure! in offleiai salaries and in almost every department of state ex penditure except for the schools and agriculture which cultninated in the last legislature in appropriations agirrc gating a million and a quarter for the biennial term cnded July 31, 1800. In 1888 the quarterinaster's estimate for the niuster was 810,000 ; in 188!), $12,050. The expense of the muster held this wcek at Bradford can hardly be less than $12,000, while every mail bringa complainta from farmers bur dened with growing taxati'in atnid dlminiahing receipts for their products. Cut down expetrses right here. Make the muater, if need be, a biennial affair, and lop off its extravagances or, if nothing else will avail, lop off the muster itself. conrts, lyncb law n invoked. It is only When adeqnate remedles are proviiled and adeipiatn proeessos seeured tbat tbe eare of property and lifn in rontentedly plRced In tbn banils of tbe antboritles. Tbere Ih as yet no adeipiate remedy for cmployeH wbo sufTer from tbe wrong of eitber inadeipmte paytnent or nnjiist restrlctlons, or of over work, and so long as tbis state of tlilnKs rontinnes strlkes are inevltable. In many instances tbey will be wbolly unjiistitlable In otber Instances tbey will be entirely rigbt, and DUbltO support will go witb tbem. llut jnstillable or unjnstitiable, tbey are bound toi'ontinue untll tbe commtinity bas provided a way by wbli b tbis rougb-banded enileavor to sccuro jnstieo is made neees sary. Tbe pnbllo is tbe chief party in in terest, and tbo public bas a rlgbt to say, both tO tbe railroad and to its employes, " Youare our servants, and we will provide for any adjustinent of difTerenees between you, but we ilo not Intend 10 allow jrotl i" tlgbt out your qnarrels at our expense." It may not be an easy matter to provide ade Oiiato remeilies for tbo present state of tbings, but the dlflieulty of tbe problem only makes its solution more imperative. It is not impossible to provide a means by wbiidi (piestlons raised between railroads and their employes shall be formally pre senterl, eandidly discussed and thOTOUghly examlned, and a daolaion rearheii whlefa ihall be binding on both parties. We al ready have a state board of arbitration. The next Rtep ought to make arbitration "oinpulsory; tben let striking without due notlee be made a mlsdemoBnnr. Ratt. road employes are often unjust and unrea sonable, but we believe tbat the ifreat body of working-men in all departuients desire only Juittee, and that if adeipiate means of securing justioe are supplied they will not only work barmoniously witb their employ ers, but will themselvcs rescnt any attempt to Introdnoe dlstnrblng elementa into tbe Indnstrlal altuatlon. Make it poulhle for tlie railroad iniployo to present his un'ev ance wh('re he is sure It will rereive dls interested ronsideration, and we believe he will yield eheerfully when the deeision is against him. In any eveut, tbe coinmiinity will then have discharged its duty, seoured justice, and niay put fortb its w'bole force for oriler and autbority." Kev Dr. Cnyler in Termont. Theodorc L. Cuyler has been in Lawyers In the Legislature. We do not quite lympathize with the outcry against lawyers in the legisla ture. We trust, in the election of rep resentatives, that some of the best legal ability of the state, tramrueled by no retainer from corporations or indi vidual interests, will find its way into the legislature. There is need and work for such representatives. Among other thiugs, it must not be forgottcn that decisions of the United States supreme court, since the cuactmeut of the corporation tax law in 1882, have knockcd out thc legal underpinniug of that law so far as the statute relates to the taxation of railroads. In rcspcct to the railways the law stands by suf ferance rather than by virtue of a valid legal foundation. The revision of this law will therefore devolve upon the legislature to be elected in September. The questions involved are legal, and the work must be performcd by law yers. So it is important that thcre should be sound legal talent in the new legislature. This is a matter that should be carefully looked after in the election of representatives. Important matteri relating to taxation in general will come up for consideration and deeision. It must be bome in niind that onicndmcnts to the constitution may be proposcd to the next legisla ture, and this is a matter in the con sideration of which legal ability and experience will be especially needed. Vermont recently, and from Wesl Ran dolph writes a characteristic letter to tbe New York Evanqelist. Tbe follow lng extracts will be rcad with interest, and niay help to give Yermouters a kcener apprecialion of the natuntl gloriei and politleal bletsinga that In variably stir the soul of the strangcr within our gates: " An hour of wlndlng among verdant hills and by the water-courses brouht us to the bright and busy village of West Randolph, which stands in the exact ccnter of 'ermont. Here we are spending a fewdays delightfully, as the gucsts of our friend aud parfahioner, Mr. Albert 15. Chaudler, the preaident of the l'ostal Telcttraph Cable Com pany. Like Dr. Field and so many other aons of New Kngland, he has reared his summer home in his native place and beside the ' Macpelah ' of his ancestors. The tether that reaches back to the cradle, the school-house aud the play-grounds of childhood has never beeu cut. On Saturday evenlng, towards sunset, Mr. Chandler drovc us to a lofly bill in the centcrof the town- Press Jioles. JOHM BOYtK O'REILLT was a man of heroic mold and naturc; bravc ad venturous, potriotic, enthusiastic with the )er ftrn&um inreniion which be longs quite as much to the Irish as to thc Scotch. We have been proud of him as an adopted oltleen, feeling always that his native land could ill spare so noble a son. Nis pocms show what he might have been had hc de voted himself to letters. His bigher claim is that he was a trueand courage oub lover of his country and of his icnow-raen. Ulinr nnnhl! ome.s. That was a significant utterancc of Department O.tiimandcr Cogswell of New Remplblre in his speech congratu lating Commander-in-cfalef Veazey. "I believe," he said, "that from this moment thc Grand Army of the He public lakes on a new phase. Com mander Veazey is not a candidate for presidentof the United States." There is a good deal of meaning to this re mark, which those who have been inclined to think tbat the (irand Army was mixing up a little too much in politics will appreciate. Boston lh roM. THK election of C'olonel Wheelock Graves Veazey as the Dartmouth Col lcge catalogue of 1860 puts it to be commftndcr-in-chief of the (Irand Army will lend a thrill of joy through the State of Vermont, which never loses any bonora for want of the asking. The distinotion was aought for Judge Veazey before his oppointment to the interstate commisilon, and there are men up North who could have bccn persuadcd to share this Vermonter's abundance of favors bad their number been foreseen. But the old soldiers have made choice of a man of modest naturc and solid wortb, who will mcet thc rcsponsibilities of his otlice with dignity and ability. Springfleld lle pubUecuii WHAT is the occasion for the de mand for State Superintendent I'.ilmer's head, which we uolice is being made by two or three ncwspapers in the state? If the charge that he is incom petent is corroct let them show that this isa fact, and he will undoubtedly Step down and out. It is noticeable, however, that these cbargea come from ncwspapers which have never taken any particular interest in educational niatters, while 011 the other hand some of the best educators in the state higlily compllment the superintendent uion his work thus far. The law under which he has had to act is a new one, and undoubtedly he has had to take most of the blame for its deficicncics as well as for the minor mistakes for which he may have beeu respocsible in his new position. The superintendent as well as the new law will, we believe, be given a fair trial before awecping criticisms are offered by those who are honestly interested in the advancement of education. Burlington Clipper. Farmers iu Lcgislation. Edltor 0 Waichmatu The farmers and laboriug class must have more to sav about legislation or they are ruined. High sala ries and taxes are one thing that, is doing the injury. Every bram h of business ex cept farming is protected. We shall have a governor to help us tbis fall. Every town in tbe state should turn out in a mass and elect farmers to repreient tbem, and they should repeal or amend most of what the legislature did two years ago. We have come to a point where a man wbo owns a farm that will keep twenty cowa can not make both enda meet at present jirices of exiiclises. home sav tbe tronli la overproduofion. That is not It altogether, Tbe farmers are largely in tbe majority. I would like to see them Htand up for their rigbts in tlie eoming election and session of tbe legislature. EtKPVBXiIOAH. Waterbury, August lL 18!t0. Fermont Agaln. Tbe Lesson of the Strike. Discussing the ueceasity for some deflnite and adcquate way of adjusting the ditferences between railwaya and their employes other than by the rude aud barbarous method of the strike, the Ohriitkm Union says: "The railroad is only in a liinited sense private property. Not only does it derive its franohlaa fr tbe public, bul i t s rela tions to the life of tho country are so inti matc and so iutricate that tho time bas gone by when its arbitrary will could be exerOUMd BVen upon its own property. Ncither the owners of railroads nor their employes are tho supreme parties In Interest , the supreme parties iu interest are the public. Nothing could be more abstird or lllogtoal than to expect the public to stund by, under these circumstances, and watch a light between two organized fories, waitiug paticntly until, by a test of BtreUgtbi one or the other surrenderH. The Ohrittion Vnton has more than OBOe pointod out the fact tbat so long as legal remeilies are not provided for every poHHible grievance, the individuals who are not thul proteoted will take tbe law into their own hands. Where proper aud cer- tain punlabment is not provided for orimei au;.uiist woinanbood, tho husbanl or brotbei or father becomeM the avenger, and a largo amount of public N.vmpatby always goes wtth him; where i rimes against lifc and property are uot sulliciontly ininishoil by the hin of linndolnl, Wlw.n wn rol,.l "lr " fT""""s 11,111 I'resent rates ol taxation r . .v..v..v.. aim ot iht tliat coigu ot vantagc, be introduced us to the priuccs and the elders of thc an cient royal family of the Green Mouu taius. There they stood in their ver dant majesty: Killington Peak aud Shrewsbury 1'eak to the southwest of us, aud away in the northwest loomed up the magniflcent crown of old Mans fleld. Scores of otbers almoat as lofty were catchiug the good-night kiss of the setting sun. Senator Edmunds once said to me, ' I want lodie in sight of old " Caniel's Hump."' There spake a genuine (ircen Mountaiueer. I do not wonder at the loyalty of every son of Vermont to his native state : it is a commonwealth to be proud of. Although Vermont was not admitted into the Union until 1701, her sons did brave aervice at Tieonderoga and Ben nington and Saratoga during the revo lutionary struggle. A bardy and clean- minded race of people settled this beau tiful state ; tbey even put it into their constitution that only those should be eligible to a seat in the legislature who were ' men of wisdom aud virtue.' Tbe vast majority of Vermonters are still farmers and wool-growers and Btock raisers. There is not a city in the state that oontains twenty thousand people, The white niarble that underllee her hills is a fltting eniblem of the solidity and puritv of tbe ancicnt oommon wealth. Much of the old Puritan splrll lingers in her happy homes. For over tbirty years Vermont bas bad a problb itory law on her statute-books. In Rutland and Burlington and some of the larger towns, especially in some of the manufaeturing places, the law is often set at uaught when thc temper ance men are 'caught napping and allow men of loose principles to be elected as maglstrates. Here in cst Randolph, a thrlfty village of 1,700 people, Mr. Chandler tefil nie that tbere is not an open saloon or bar-room of any kiud! In Bradford the Bev. Mr. Lees made the same gratifying statement. On tbe last Fourtb ot July Morrisville celebrated its oentennlaf, and while ten thousand people were assembled there, not an Inioxioated person, or any place for vending intox icants, could he discovered! A whole aonie public scntiment in Vermont is fatal to both the dccanter and the dram Sbop, Ofl Monday we made a plcasanl BXOUrsion to Bradford, a hcuutilul vil lage ou the banks of Ihe Conniclicut. From a rooky bluff we oaugbt a most enchautiug vicw of the etneralil vales tbat skirt the Connecticut, and of grund old ' MoOSilaUke' aud thc other White Mountalns that surround it. A goodly land is this a land ol herds anil tlocks and bee-hives (we saw nearly an hundred in one group) a land flow- ing with milk and honcy. l'erhnps some son of Vermont may reau this letter in the far West, and the. sweet memorles of his cbildnood may agaln fan his cheek; and with molstened eyes he may ycarn for another look at 'As cutney' or 1 Mansfield,' and he will thank God that he was born among the Green Mouutaina." Edltor o Watchman: Vermont is about to turn over a new I'age in her business , liistory. .May tnat I'age never be marred i or defaced by any injudieious act of her ! ohlef maglatrate. Tbe Blble telli us " tbere is a time for all tbings a time to eat and a I time to drink, a time to sing and a time tO dauce, a time to laugb and a time to weep;" and, may I not adil. a time or candid, seri I OUS medltation? If tbis is true, it appears I to me that that time has come. Tbe time for tbe aeSSlon of tbe Vermont legislature is near. and a demand such as bas not pressed itself bome to tbe heart of every republican I voter in Vermont for many a year naeeta us laqnareinthe faoe. it Is a fact tbat the J farmers of Vermont ahvavs bave been, and partleularly so at tbe present day, the great burden-bearera f tho state tbe resull of nnwholesome legislation. I.et us lake tbe present tax law, for example. Every man j must admlt that double taxation is a serious wrung. i no great queanOO at issuo is, Who shall pay tbe taxes'' Should it be tbe man that does not own the property or the man tbat does? Heason would be dethroned tliat would admit for a single moment tbat a man should be taxed for what he does uot own. Therefore any person holding notes against another, which are safely seeured by mortgage. ihOUld be tbe person wbo Bnould pay tlie taxes on tbe amount thus necured, and tbe person thus indebted should beexemiit from taxation on tbe same amount. Aud let me further askf Should not such tax be paid to the town where the moperly taxed is situatcd .' When this can be done, no town will sulTer loss on inort gages held by capitalists from otber towns. Double taxation is a ourae to any state and more especially iu tbese tryiiig timea, when tbe bonest tiller of the ioll is tlior- ougbly unable to meet tbe demanda that an' preaaingao beavlly upon him. Farmers of Vermont, do you need urging, in this most tryiug time of Vermont s history, to awake out of sleep? (lr will yuu, as valiant soldiers, arm andeqnlpyouraalvea like men for tbe great struggle for liberty in the ile fenee of right'.' The cause is yoiirs, and you are in tbe majority. BlSDQfl yourselvea if you do Uot do your duly and if you do not have a legislature tbal will remedy tho above- named evlla, together witb several otbers tbat might be tnentioned. if you do not, SUrely there must be soinelbing rotten in Denmark. Lei our i'age ! also olean and our reoord good. E. K. amkkws. Berlin. Vt. TllK (oUrtb anuual nieeting of tbe East- ern Vermont Assoolatlon of Boad and Trotl ing llorse-brecders began at 81. .IoIiiif bury on last wcek Wednesday. Three raoea ooeurred on tbal day. Aiton, owned by E. J. Bnlder of Beebe Plain, won tbo two-year-old stake: best time, 1:7',. Katiiba, owued by Burbank tt Wiiiiams of C oventry, wou lbo lour-year-old raie; best time, 2:fKA, Tom llainllton, owned by 11. E. Brewster of Paasumpalo, won the two. fort race; best tiuM, 8:40. On the seoond day tbere eraa a large attendanoe. In tbe vearling race, balt-inile, Warwick, ownod by Mr. Bean of Barton, wou; best time, 117. Tbe tbr year-oldreoa was won by Harry II . owned by B, Harrls of Mor risville; best time, '2M. Tlie two-fortv race, stallion class, was won by Ereil Wilkes of ltates farm; best tiuio, '.' 40. In llie freo-for-all race l'"actory Hoy trotted tbe tirst balf-mile iu 1 : 1 1 i . tho fastest time ever mado at St. Johnsbury. Factory Uoy wou tho race, his best time being '':.')0.J.