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VERMONT WATCHMAN & STATE JOURNAL, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 1, 1891. Addreit all Inqolrlei or rommiinlctlin In relktlon lo agrlculture to lm. T. H. Horkin. Newport. Vt. Ktlltorial NotlngK. A BOOHnTXR, Vi., eubscribcr writes in reference to the use of sulphate of iron hh a fertilizcr, to be used in con nection with manuro coruposts. He apeaks of " a man who tuadeacompoat, or n klnd of mixture, containing cop peras, which produced flne crops." Copperas (sulphate of iron) is a com pound of Biilphuric acid (oil of vitriol) with iron. If, aB we suppose, it is the Bulphuric acid in land plaster (sulphate of lirae) which produces the fcrtilizing effects of that substance, there is no reason to helieve otherwise than that Hke effects may resuit from theapplica tion of a mucb more soluble salt of the same acid. But pla9ter must evidently be a cheaper source of sulphuric acid to tho farmer. Still, as experience with plaster shows us that a smali quantity (150 to 200 pottnds per acre) is as good as more, so the expcnse of UBing copperas in place of plaster would not be very heavy. This correspond ent seems to thiuk that the iron of cop peras would be of use in exciting or conducting electric currents in the soil favorable to vegetation. So little is yet known of the action of electricity in connection with plant growth that any opinion about it is no more tban a guess. In moBt Vermont soils there is much more iron, in onc form or another, than would even be likely to be added in a fertilizor. In Orleans county it seems to be specially abundant. In making slight excavations on our farm we almoBt always notice the glitter of " fool's gold," as the sulphuret of iron Is called, and in some places we have it thrown out by the shovelful in grains like flne gravel. There is a kind of granite in the same county that exists in rounded pebbleB or stones which, when expoBed to the air, soon crumbles from the decomposition of the pyrites in it. In one of the earlier volumes of our Board of Agriculture's Reports we think there is a paper by Mr. James Kennedy of Troy upon this subject, in which he expresses the opin ion that this wide distribution of sul phurous salt through the Boil may ex plain the want of effect noticed in many cases from application of plaster. lo us that if this is to be the main reli ance for protection, we may have to leave hay and silage unused wheu it might be badly needcd. We should feel better to have this cellar frost proof, indcpendent of tho foed. Mit. NrrnNfi is in favor of having an independent apartment for storing implenicnts, whcre thcy may be kept, with faeilities for repairing, painting, etc. He is not in favor of having the poultry do this last job, as thcy are al lowed to do on some farms; in which we quitc agree with him. Wk have a long and interesting letter from our old friend, George F. Nutting of Randolph, Vt., that is full of meat. He is particularly kind in of fering suggestious in reference to our proposed new barn; and his remarks will be, we are sure, interesting to all our readers. He believes in driving into a barn as high up as the conditions will allow, and we quite agree with him. As yet we have. no accurate levels run, to see how high we can go. Like ub, he has had a manure shed on the south side of his barn, and likes it, not only for the manure, but aa a pen for calves, etc. A number of his im provements made on an old barn are interesting and helpful. Among others was a drive-way into the gable, so high as to be level with the plateB, having a floor directly under the ridge pole. This floor has a slope upward from the entrauce. From this high floor he fills his silo, the cut corn dropping directly into it. Mn. Nuttino feeds a bushel of en silage night and moruing, with hay at noon. Also skim roilk, three to six quarts to a cow, with twoquartsof corn and cob meal in the niorniug, and the same amountof meal at night, with one pint of cottou-seed meal stirred in. Last year, his six cows gave him t,40 pounds of butter, a good deal of milk, etc, being used in the family. This butter all goes to private families " down country," and oocomplalnt is made of " eusilage butter." He thinks milk helps to digest the other food, and pays better fed to cows than to swiue. For ensilage, he preferB southeru corn to Sanford. He thinks corn cut before reachiug maturity is as mucli better for milk as early-cut grass, in which opinion he bravely takes his place with the mi nority, but may be right, nevertheless. Tiihargumeut for driving into the barn " way up " is of course that one can pitch with gravitation, instead of against it. This is a great poiul auy where, and a greater when a shower iB coming up. Mr. Nutting's silo is in a bent between two bays of hay, which ensureB against frcezing, and saves out side boarding of the silo. In this connection comes into con sideration the question of getting as much height in the roof as possible, clear of beams. For this purpose wo have heard of wbat is called a " horse shoe IrusB," which makes an arch, and yet retaiuB the Btreugth of the build ing; but we do not know the mothod of iUt construction. It is cortainly an advantage to have all that cxtra space in the roof clear. It must also be an advantage in the use of the hay-carrier for uuloadiug. In regard to the root and apple cel lar, Mr. Nutting suggcsts surrounding it aa much as poBsible with bayB and bUob, to exclude thecold. Butit Beems In making plans this spring, don't forget the garden. This is a weak pnint on far too many otherwise pretty well managed farms. "Too much fussing," is the excuse, but, if handled rightly, a garden makes no more trouble in propoition to Us valuo than other portions of the farm. Choose a good piece of ground near the house, a long parallelogram. Dung it well, and plow it carefully, harrowing until the surface is level and fine, and pick off the stones, if any. Plant all seeds in drills orhills, lengthwise of the plat, at distances that admit of horse cultiva tion. Keep the weeds down by fre quent workiug, which may be givcn at little cost by doing it before starting on other crops, or when coming in from them with the rig all ready. If well attended to, the returns from a garden are large, and a good deal can be learned in caring for it which may lead to more careful work elsewhcre on farms. THK eye of the master has vast po tency on every farm. It is better to see that things are going right than to scold because they were ill done. No raatter how reliable the help, the raas ter's eye will flnd something to be bet tered, somethiug that has been over looked, if no more. Help will not tell of one another; but good men have no objection to an employer's flnding out for himself who is slighting the work, or fooling away time, or who is heed les8, wasteful, or rough with the ani mals. Good men do not object to Bupervision, for it only brings them credit, while a second-rate man doesn't like to flnd the boss too often in the barn ahead of him in the moruing. A oood deal has been written and said about the need of a farmer's plan ning his work bcforehand. But a man who does not know this without tclling is not likely toprofltby the information. All business needs brain-work farm ing not less than any and there is no excuse for not knowing where you are to set in the plow until the team is put to it. Where every crop is to grow, how the ground is to be preparcd everything, in short, about the spring's work will be settled beforehand, after due thought and consideration. Seeds and fertilizers should be ready on time, and every implement in good order be fore the day comes to begin work on the land. We all know thi, every one of us. Happy are you, if you do it. crease the arca the difTlculty increasos; for it is impoBsible that all parts of it should be equally productivc, while the chanccB are that there will bo a very large difleronce between the best and the pooreat rod, and that the poor rods will be much the more numerous. It would bo so, evon if there were no in sccts and no diseaseB to contend with, and the potato crop is particularly liable to sufTer from both of these. Mr. Carman has reccntly published in book form a detailed account of his experiraents in intcnsive potato cul ture, under the title of "Tho New Potato Culture as developed by tho Treuch System, by the judicious ubc of Chemical Fertilizers, and by the Ex perimentB carricd on at the Ilural Grounds during the past fiftecn ycarB." Mr. Carman, not satisfled with experi- ments in culture, dovoted much time and effort to the growing of potato seedlings, with a view to uniting pro ductivenesB with high quality and de sirable commercial qualitiefl. His suc cess has been exemplifled in such va rieties as the Rural New Yorker No. 2, now so widely grown and approved. In connectiou with the attcmpts to grow a large crop, many different ways of cultivation and fertilization of the soil were tested, and are reportcd in this book with much particularity. Tests were carefully made in regard to the handling, care and preparatioa of the seed potatoes; and also with the purpose to learn the proper depth of planting; the comparativo results of level culture and hilling; conflicts with insects and disease; the uae of mulch, etc, etc. We cannot here give any of the details in connection with Mr. Car man's work. Suflico it to say that by the light of ita well attosted yield of 738 bushels on an acre has been secured; while on smaller areas the rate of 1,000 bushels per acre has been excecded. The experiraentB with fertilizers are immensely interesting and instructive as to quantity used and modes of appli cation. We regard this book as the most important eingle contribution to agricultural knowledge ever made in America. The farmer who fails to send seventy-five cents to the Ilural Pub lishing Company, Times building, New York, for a copy of it, will show a woe ful lack of business senBe. He might easily spend a thousand dollars lu home experimcnts without getting half the information here to be had. jpbcrtiscmcnts. bberttscments. phcnoroo- .ihroiul, Is your wood all up, sawed, split and under shelter from the weather? Every farmer is supposed to attend to this, but some don't. We know a man who burns green wood most of the time, and has to stop in the midst of his work to get a jag up for his wife to get dinner with. Such men are sure that farming is a poor business. The time to get up your wood is early in the winter, before the snows are deep and drifted. It costB two or three times as much to get it late than early, and often it is irapos sible to get it out from the very places where it would be most profilable to cut, if tho work is delayed. But what is the use of preaching? . The New Potato Coltnre. A most indcfaiigable man is Elbeit S. Carman, for many yeara owner and editor of the liural New Yorker. The only ton of n wealthy Hrooklyn mer chant, he has always had a fondness for agricultural and horlicultural ex porimentation, and upon his home grounds at lliver Kdge, N . J., and at hia farm near Hockaway, L. I., he has labored sedulously, with much more of real, practical, valuable rosults in both directions than any experiment station or agricultural college in America, we might say with truth than all of them put together, if we excopt the work done by Johnson and Atwaler in Connecticut. A few years ago Mr. Carman an nouucod his bolief in the possibility of growing potatoes on small plots, and possibly on a larger scale, at the rate of 1,000 bushels por acre. This annouuce ment met with a flood of ridicule from the agricultural press. We be lieve that we stood alone, or almost so, at the time, in allowing that Mr, Car man might be right. We had about that time accideutally, as it wero, grown a crop of 400 bushels on one acre; aud as no particular effort had been made to accomplish such a result, we could not see why, when tho trial was made under favorable conditions, our rosults might not be more than doubled. It is true that abnormally large crops are only possible, even with the best skill and efforts, under very favorable condi tions. It iB equally true that aa we iu- Potato PlanTino. " Dr. Hoskins saya that ' shallow planting seems to do best for the potato. Our tools should not be made to heap the earth over the row.' Would ho not use the double mould board plow to split the drills, and thereby cover both dung and tubei1? This might be done by the harrow; but, after all, the raised drills, in all well managcd potato flelds, are leveled with the chain harrows before the young pl tuts shw themselves, so it comes to about the Bame thing in the long run, and perhapa the latter plan gives extra cultivation and aeration to the land more important inatters than most peo ple here Beem to consider them." Muntreal Journul of Agriculturc. Yes; it comes to the same thing, aud as it does so the rcsult will be the same. Bu we do not use dung so much for potatoes as formerly. We plant either on a turned sod,or with fertilizers. The chain harrow is good, but is not much in use on this side the line. Breed's Uuiversal weeder takes its place very well. It isan important matter to have a deep, mellow soil for potatoes, although the seed should not be put at the bottom of a deep furrow. For that reason, we do not like the potato plant crs made to run as deep as the plow. Pecu I iar Many peenllar polnts m.iko Ilood's Rar saparllla siipcrlor to all other mctllclnos. rcoiill.tr In comblnatlon, proportlon, and proparatlnn of lngrrilients, jjk Ilood's Sarsapnrllla possosscs jr tho full curatlvo valuo of tho best known romodlos of Uk vcgotahlo k I n g -(S 1 o m . rccullar In Its c3Jr trength and eoonomy r-tIfood'a flar saparllla is rfi ",0 on'y DBdt clno of which cnn truly bcsaldA "OnoIIundrodDoscs Ono fXj DoBaf." Mcdlclncs In TJO larger and smaller nottles JJrequlro larger doscs, and donot prodneo aa good results as Ilood's. S Pcenllar In Its mcdlclnal merlts, Hood'n Sarsaparllla aeoompllshes ciircs lilth- crto unknnwn, and has won for ltsolf tho tltlo of "Tho greatent blood purlner evor ulscovored. rcciiuarinlts"goodnamo M9r''t home," thero Is now noro of Ilood's Sarsaparllla gold la Lowell, whcre ItjJnt Is mado, than of all J other Wood puriners. 2Vreenllar In Its Anal record of sales V no omer preparaiion aas fyys S nver attalnedsuch popu- 9 riarlty In so short a tlmo, V 1 lItl , , . - J9 rand eonfldenco among all classes S f pcoplo so stcadfastly. Do not bo loducod to buy other preparatlons, but bo suro to get tho rceullar Medlclne, Hood's Sarsaparilla SoMbyalldrnffjrlstA. $1 ; Blx f or JW. Propared onlf by 0. 1. HOOD A . Apothocarlos, Lowell, Masa. IOO Doses One Dollar The New Music Palace, 453, 455, 459, 46 I , 463 Washington BtfMti tn thn exart tmdo cunter of Kon ton, is tne present entritl otablishmont of OLIYER BITSON COMPANY, and Inrludos an olonnt liirgo retal! fltoro of sovflnty feot front. l'iano 1'arlorn of nrcat heaiity, and many hatls, wareronnis and nfltros dovotpd to tho stortiiK and sale of th larRpat ntork of Mustr on the conti nont, and of nvery known Hand, Orclirstral or other Instmment. The Store, from its situatlon. ts accesslble to all rnuslrdovers tn eanteru Massarhnsetts, and.byiti nntversal system of advertisinK. inailtnK of llsts and rataloKues, extenslve rorrespondence, and prompt mailinK and erprossliiK of Roods ordered, praetically stands at the door of every vlllaKe home, and is a neiKhtwr to all the scattered farin-houses of the whole country. Correspond Freeff for Llsts, Information or MusJoalAdvlce. Por Chlldren. Motion Snns (twenty -flve cents, per dos.), liordman; (ktlden Boat llfty cenU, Mlsi Chant. Soc.iHl SlnfIn.-rolleKO Songs (ftftjr cents), M simius ; JIH),irti sold. Soiib CUectloiiH.-Son(r Classles, Vol. I ($), 5 sotiks; tioicH rtacrea bohm (pi kohkm. Plano Collectionfi.-PopnlarriHnoCoHcction $). IT pieces; I'opular Danre Collection (f 1), W pleces GLIVSiR DITSON COMPANY Boston, Mass, THE CREAT German Remedy. " GlVE me good hay and rutabaga turnips and I will make sheep thrive as well as I care to have them," said X. E. Murray of Burnham, a recognizod authority, and, looking over his flock of large, well-built cwes, we could not doubt the statement. In fact it tallied oxactly with our own obsorvation for a series of years. Turnips may be all water instead of niuety per cent, as claimed by chemists, yet in practico they are valuable, and this must tell tho storv. So says ijrother (iilbert of the Matm Farmer. . - TWKKTY-nVK years ago sheep hus bandry was important in most parts of Peunsylvauia. Almost every large farmer kept ewos for raising lambs aud wool, or fattenod wothers for tho l'hila delphia murket. But now all tbat is obarjged. The line Southdowns, I,in colns, Oxforddowns and Moriuos, have disappoared from our flelds, and the sight of a flock of sheep is rare indeed. In its stead flourishes, with all the vigor of a QOXioUI woed, tho dog industry. TRUTHS FOR THE SICK. K BII1 ons III, d.'alhlv tSpolltdepena ,ph08 Drrruu ViU h-ullVr witl thnttiredandallgoiH feellng; lf so, usc sui.rura ItriTEBS ; it will eure you. t M'rrulivri wlin urt1 olotbly oonfluod ln the mllli and wnrk shops; olorki,whodiv uil Drooura ufflol6Dfi exi'n'ni', Bna an wn areeinillncif In donrf nhmiM use BllLPBtlRl BrrrfERS. They will not thcn lie weak and stc-klv. (;leatia the vitiated llood whcrt you see Is Impnrttlel liurat ng through thf fkln n Plmnlei. BlotcbM, ind Sori . lU'ly oti Si i.rin n Iln I'Kiis. imt heulth will lul ir v in n.it wihi toiitrerlioiii Ulieiun MUm, UM :i lnittle of SOLPUDB BlTTEBB; tt n('l'l, fiiiis tn euri Ilnii't be wllliiiul a bottle, Trr tt ; tou. will not regrel it. Lndlei n healtli. wh run iliiwn, IkmiIiI i Bvi.PHiin IUTTKKS lcau al fljOOO flll I'e !''iiil fnracape where Si I. PFIUB BrTTBRS will .not asslKt orcuro. It lever fails. n sri.i'iir u Bin RBI ;ill eure LlverCom laint. D.m't he iltH nuragcd; ltwllleurt'llf r i.i'iii it i;i riKRS wiil tiuiiil you up and make you'fitrongand lentmy. M i.eiii it lu i i KRI will luake vmtr lilunil itlfO, rioh and .trnnc, iiel vonr lleh t hanl. Ti SuTpiivr IUt rBtttl tAnlghti and you will oieep well inl feel better fnrlt VVk fecd a cow ftir three objects: To keep her warni, which meani to keep her alive, to caue her to give milk in abundance, and to gaiu flesh. The food is largely uhoiI bv the animal to keep her warm. If she Htantls in acold draughty barn and i put out iu a windy, opeu tield ou a cold day, just so much more food must be contumed as fuol to keep her warm, and just so much less goes to supply milk and flesh. 1 1 we mistake not tho signs of the times, the tide iB not rushing as freely in favor of the co-operative creamery as it was once. The private dairyman is not so anxiotiB to be relieved of work in the creamery for the sake of divid ing the prollts with the third man or company, Bays the Mirror and Farmer. poyou waut the I -t Modlcal ork iiuiilinheil Senu 1 -conl itanipi loA. I. Ordwat t't 1; iston, Mn , nnT rei etva n enpy.free. DR. KEiiNSDVS FAVORITE REMEDY PURIFIES the BLOOD AND 18 RECOMMENDEO BY PHYSIC1ANS when all other remerlies fail as the only positivc cure for Dyspepsia, Constipation, Liver antl Kidney Dis eases. Thoiisands gratefully testify that Dr. Kennedy's Favorite Re medy has SaTi-t Their Lives. To Mothers and Daughtert (even the youngest) Dr. Kennedy's Favorite Remedy hatProvtda Rtal Blessing. $1.00 bottle; 6 for $5.00. All Dealers. "A Kamh y .Ikwki ." A bMDtlfal llliwtrated !tmk -bow iii Cure ali linnnl aud KlUney DUMtajuiji - mUtMi ii.'e. AddreM (tinniluf riilMiiaper) DR. DAVID KENNEDY C0RP0RATI0N, RUNDOVTi N, Y. I CURE FITS ! When I uy eure I do not mean inerely tit)p them for a tim and thHn hTe tbem retuni ariiu. I 111 radioalcure. I oatb made the dlaeaJiu f FITS, KPI I.KFKY or PALUrf O SICK NKSS a hfe long itudy. I warraDi mj rtxmdy to oure the worat oaees. Bcuw olhM hae faflad is no reaaon for not now reeinng a MM t imw for a tnwitiae and a Free i.iiio The Soap that Cl eans Most is Len ox. DOWN IN THE MOUTH. No wonder : Blood out of order, liver deranged, stom ach upset and kidney troub les. It is a wonder that you are alive. Kickapoo Indian i C o m - Dyspepsia, Indigestion, Loss of Appetite, Scrofula, Rheu matism, Chills and Fever. Put your Physical house in order by taking the great Root and Herb Remedy, Kickapoo I ndian Sagwa. For sale by all druggists. i II THE OREAT INOIAN VKOFTABI.K REMEDY. FOR COUCHS, COLDS, SORli THROAT, INFLUENZA, ETC. Prica 50c. per Bottle. S Bottles, S2.Q0. 0mm EXPECTORANI IS I N VALUABLE FOR oughs t allLang, l,r 1 TVoubles. 35c. and $1 at all Oruggiata. . MORGAN & SONS, Prop'f, PKOVIDENCE, n. i. SVIake Your Back STRONC W; 2Mtll ir- 1, vi(li I'vrrvbudv nnd i i kkI wtxiry, ail i aiui quioKiy f-iliv. ly ifi Ldize und rost in.-iant t"ic lli.- (,lln'l aiul tmni i i. i 1 . ii' ; i , . ' ; ui ... ' . . .i Amtl, DM t'w);iy. you'Il feel liftppkT and &roatfer umorruw. t'"i- all pnlnnand srfnpM.nomftttiTwhprt' li'otiil or how (.t-vriv, thow ilii rs alford tlM ollly Idy tUid liittilL'IH HUWti Fn'fvin-d f-nm frph bOfal, hrniliM-k, lnJ wiitis ani i At racta, 01 niittlnhihr -t 1. 1 m.', ntnn blllintr, MtiiniilntiiibruMd t n 1.,,'Llitiuii,- prop-I'rtii-d iho uiuiitfiit uijlu-d. IIop Plaaterfl are eold hj all dinf ani fiiiintry rt-inn. lrift- vt; ttw forailollnr. Rj man f.ir PftolX Fxumintt wbrn ym btiy aud .He thiit nr n UPfl U OQ tUo phutcf. Ripfkatf a tiubstitulo ur litdutiuu. HOP PLASTER CO., PlOVL BOSTON. HOP PLASTERS TILL CtniEl.7 1)0 IT. Employers' Liability Assurance Corporation. ( Ll M1TEI.) London, England. The larneRt Eurnpean Accitlent Com pany, although couiparatively a short time in thiN couutrv. It has attaiut'd a widfhpreatl reputation for prompt autl equitahle adjuitmentl of losses. ROBERTS BROTHERS&CO. General Agent, IturlliiKton, ------ Vermont. Kiiiik little t.-ri uhUliblu . -1 . . . 1 .. H ! . M titTB Kipreu M Wm Oftoo. C ., 183 Perl 81., N. V. MfcftMfa niftdal Aona Vnmv, AniHii, I.. iui. J . Ohiu. mr iliiiaa wrll. Whf i a m ii i liva I l . ii l.t - flnlll fc tO tW V.H1 hiW ilma i ira in llir m ii ii,. n. (i .v Vm. U, ( an Kei k lu iitti M lllk- MW) f"r .iui. . nii antxUK Iht-ni. N liW iud w Iti fiit. I arl. iiImi G.H. WILDER, Piano-Forte and Organ Tuning, Head of State Street, MONTPELIER - - - VERMONT. Notes by the Way. If you have a good cow of any breed, keep her. GrOOd ipialitiea are of more consequence than breed. Wood aahen are an excellent top droBsinK for fruit trecs of all kinds. It is also equally good for the small fruits. Ik you have but a small farm, put your cnergicH ano casn into that antl make it produee as mucb as most large farms. An underground stable is not a healthful place in which to keep stock, The air in it is liable to be damp, foul and funky. If poultry houses were plastered, the hens would be warm in wiiiter and the work of clcaning out the lice in sum raer made eHsier. Thk Kgyplian women knew better how to churn centurics ago than we did forty years ago, for they knew that the temperature must be right. SoMKdairymen ousrht to do a little more thinking and tiguring. Too many of them are satisfied with a cow that makes one hundred fifty pounds of but ter a year. Buttkk kept but a short time in cold storage soon spoils after exposing it in warmer temperature. Keep your milk, cream and butter away from severe cold and frost. Oun most available wild lands are already takcn up. We can extend our farming area but little more. The problem of a higher agriculture will soon be forced upon ue. AomcuLTURK has not shared as it ought in the rapid growth of the coun try's wealth. The foundation of that wealth, it has not kept pace as it should with associate industries. Tkavk.i. all over New England and you will be surprised at the large per cent of inferior horses of every type. At the Bame time thoiisands of colts are being bred, got by well-bred sires. What is the trouble? THERE are three points that should be kept in mind dunng a calf s first winter. It should have dry. clean, and warm quarters to sleep in. It should not have to drink large quantities of ice cold water. It should have an abund ance of such food as will promote the growth of bone and muscle. ItECKNT experiments with the milk aerator show that the process cooled the milk about twenty degrees; conse quently a less perfect creaming and a alightly decreased butter product. Ex perienced judges could not detect any marked difference in the flavor of the butter from the unaerated and aerated milk. TnE carb-hydrates, or carbonace ous elements in feed, being much clteaper than proteine, if they can be used effeotively in much larger propor tion than the German standards admit and with no ill effect excent the in- crease of t'at, l wor wiille to know it, The change will greatly rel5ce bhl cost of feeding. A wutE, twisted tightly around a blooming branch, will increase the size of its fruit, but it will be apt to kill tho branch. The best way to accomp lish the rcsu:t of increasing fruitful ness i9 by cutting out a ring of bark one-quarter of au inch wide in June or early July. This will heal over antl uot 'scriously injure the brancb. The deposit untler old farm build ings from the urine of stock has all the elfimebtl of fertility, but is over-rich in nitrates, antl neads to have a plain phosphate used along with it, to get the best rc-ults. Fine bone is the best for this purpose. A little ashes helps. So improved, it will go over twice the laud, with twice as much benefit. What may soem merelv dry earth with no smell of manure about it, is really richer antl better than the rank cst manure made from fresh cxcremeut. It is not safe to judge of manure by its smell. A little piece of decaying horse Hesh in commercial phosphate will go a great way iu satisfyiug many farmers as to its fertiliziu; value, but don't fool yourself that way. " How strange it is that dafrytuen will put so much stress on the waste of fat in the cheese vat, which no eye cau see autl quacks go to the extrem of adviBiug the skimmiug off of all fa( ahove a certain per cent! and then put the screws down on the curd ir. the hoops when it is put to press, and Nfl the fat run off iu streams," say? Rrother Curtkl of the Mirror and Farmer. '"Who ever hartl of the farmer that made a milliouairc of himself by farm ing? Yet his is the primary occupa tlOD of man, which can never be lia penaed with, and on which the nseful ness of all other occupations rcsts. Then why should not the farmer bc cotue the millionaire, if men enga?eil in any houeht occupation ever become such?" asks Hrother Curtis. Sur enougbl Si UATt iiiNO keeps the blood in cir culatiou, antl iucreases the heal of the body, not only protectiug against cold, but it also assists in wartling off disease, promoting digestion, and allowing of a more protitable condition, antl intluces layiug as well as giviug the hens an appetite for any kind of footl that you may wiBh to give them. Therefore give them grain among their atraw, antl let them scralch. A OOKHESrONDENT of the Mirror and Farmer says: " I do not know why it is that dehoruing takes the ugly out of a bull. Mine made me think of Samson after Delilab shearetl off his sevenlocks; since theu no animal coultt be more quiet. He runs in the yartl every tlay aml seems like a lamh. In caring for cattle there woultl uot be half so many aecidents as there are now if all were tlehorued. Mekit Wins. We desire to s'av to our oltlWDI that for years we have been selling Dr. King's NewDiscovery for ooniumpUon, Dr. King'B New Llfe I'ills, Hucklen'B Arnica Salve and Elec tric Hitters, antl have never handled remedies that scll as well. or that have giveu such universal satisfaction. We do not hesitate to guarantee them every time, antl we stand readv to re fund the purchase price if sati8factory reaultB do uot follow their use. Theae remed'.cs have won their great popular ity purely ou their merits. Al O. Ulukely's, Montpelier, Vt.