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VERMONT WATCHMAN & STATE JOURNAL, WEDNE8DAT, OCTOBER 7, 1891.
7 Aildretift ftll Inquirlefi or comtnunlrMlimR (u relatlon to nKrlculture t.i Dr. T. H. IIorkinh, Newport, Vt. Kilitorlal Notiiurs. In our isaue of Scptembcr 23, the name of Professor VVhitcher of the New Hampohire Agricultural College was twiec misprinted "Mitcher" in the articlo on " IIow the Fat Gets Inlo the Milk." ProfesBor Whitcher is one of the Agricultural Col'.cgc professors who are not of that class so sevcrely handled by Professor Forter, as think iug hard work beneath their profes sorial dignity. Hc works hard, and his work ia directly in tho line of practical results on the farru. Such teachers will ncver lack the respect and support of the progrcsBive farmerB. Hc iB the kind of uian they want. May his tribe increase. WE have several rcqueet9, with stampid aud addressed envelopcB, in rcsponsc to our offer to give tnore facts regarding the ltussian fruits to those so applying. But Bome of thcin are not sufliciontly explicit in stating their wishes. For instance, one writes: Will you send me the inforraation spoken of in your department regard ing llussian fruit9?" while another Bays: " I'lease Qnd statuped and directed en velope for further notes on Rusaian pears." Now we would like to have every such correspoudent be more ex plicit aomething after the style of another applicant, who asks: " Will you kindly send me the namesof three or four of the best Russian applcs, pears, plums and cherries, and inform me where I can obtain young trees of them?" This gave ub a detinitc clue to just what that correspondent wanted to know, and was answered at once. But we might write half a dozen pages to either of the other correspondents without giving them the inforniation they most deeire. We should prefer to have them put deflnite qucstions, num bered one, two, three, etc, so that we could reply in order, and tell them what they want to know quickly and clearly. It might save trouble to say, right here, that the only parties we know to be actively cngaged in propagatiug these fruits extensively are Professor J. L. Hudd of the Iowa Agricultural Col lege at Ames, Iowa, and Mr. John Craig, superintendent of the Dominion Experiment Station, Ottawa, Canada. We do not know whether either of these gentlemen will supply a general demand, or are limited to their own state or country. These undoubtedly would have the preference, and per hapB it would be just as well for our readers to wait until we can flnd out for them how this is. We hardly expected to awaken so much or such imniediate interest in the matter, and there is plcnty of time to Qnd out before plaut ing time next year. The only nurscry man we know of who has a large num ber of these fruits on his catalogue is H. II. Howlett, Baraboo, Wisconsiu. Xo doubt he will send catalogues to auy who will ask him for them. upon character, and it ccrtainly seems as though the moral effcct of the change would be good. Wk print in another place a cominu nication froru a Massachusetts corres pondent upon the single tax on laud Viilues, proposed by Henry George as a cure and prevcntive of many of the ills of society. The writcr seema to think that farmers are, as a rulc, opposed to Mr. George's plan for bettering the condition of the world, but so far as our observation goes they are rather in different, not thinkiug that there is much likelihood of its getting any sut etantial foot-hold. Still, as a matter of cuiio9ity, we suppose somcof our read ers will be interested in reading Mr. C'rosman's article. There can be no doubt of Mr. George's philanthropic cro tive, or of his great ability as a thinker aud writer. No one can dispute his opiuion that the world is somewhat out of joint, whether they can be cou viueed that he was boru to set it right or not. Somk of our older readers may re member that we have ourself an un patented and uncoi)yrighted method of improving the constitution of society, wbich we elaborated at considerable length in these columna soine dozen years ago. It was simply for thc gov ernment, Btate and national, to go out of the businesB of collecting people's bad debts for them. Of course gov ernment can make no ex post fucto laws that is, laws affucting things le gally done in the past; but it can de clare that after a ccrtain date in the future all laws for the enforcement of pecuniary contracts shall cease to be operative. THERE seems to us no particular rea son why, if we give a man credil for anythiug he has bought of ub, we should put the whole community to trouble aud expense of forcing him to pay. It is an old custom of goveru ments, descended from kingly times, to do this, but it scenis to ub that in the present time the people might as well and better be allowed to do their trad iug at their own risk and hazard, where there Is uo fraud or theft involved. Credit would then be necesBarily based But besides thia, there would be no induccment for smart rogueB to get simplc people in debt to them for the purpose of aflerwatds cleaning them out. Jn our own neighborhood there are, or have been, several men who have made thcmsclveB rich in this way; and one of them who died a few years ago had between thirty and forty farms that he bad got away from their own ers by this lltnple scheme, favorcd by the laws. Without such laws he could not so have stripped these unwiae bor rowers bare. I TjHDEB thia proposed system no man would lend money, or otherwise give credit to another, unlcss that other was known to be careful, cnpable and hon" est. Credit based on character would have a very much aounder basia than credit based on law. Crises and panieB could not occur under Buch a system. Induatryand honesty and good sense would come to the front in the conduct of busincss, both public and private, and public opinion would takethc place and have the force of law in all matters of trade. Tiik above-stated scheme seemed to us, and still seems, not only workable, but wiec; but so far we have never made a convert to it in which we are a good way behind Henry George. We were both originally printers by trade, and, like typos generally, indepcndeut thinker8; but whether we are going to leave the world much the better for our reformatory schemcB remains to be determined. If his don't go, the pub lic is welcome to try ours. Thc Slugle Tax. BY W. L. HOSMAN, IIOSTOK, MASS. That farmers will never agrce to the re form knowu as the single tax is a com mon objection. It is supposed, errone oualy, that it would rest moBt heavily upon them. At lirst blush they would, no doubt, oppose it; but when they once realize the fact that their sources of greatest income are their labor and their stock and improvcmentB, and not their bare land, they will readily agree to the change, through the meana of taxation, that will establish justice and freedom. Farms, the land of which is valuable, are comparatively few. Not many farmers could quit working and live upon ground rent. If taxes were shifted from products of labor to land values, the bulk of taxes would be paid by the owners of city lots and rich miuea, not by farmers; all the stock and improvements of farmers would be ex empt from taxation, and these, not his land values, constitute the bulk of the average farmer's property. So loug as the tax was merely shifted, the great majority of farmers would pay a smaller tax than now; when the tax was so iu creased to absorb economic rent, they would pay a higher direct tax, but they would then bo more than compi usated by the benelita they would derive from exemptions from indirect taxes and by their common interest iu the common fund raised by such taxation. More over, one effect of such a tax would be to make great bodies of accessible farming land free, so that men desir iug to farm could get laud wiihout price or tax aud free of rent. What working farmer would object to puttiug the whofe anuual value ol'his laud, ex clusive of improvements, into the com mon treasury with the annual value of all other land? A very full discussion of the effect of the single tax on the pecuniary interest of farmers is given by Henry George in chapter twenty of " Social l'roblems," aud book uine, chapter three, of " Progress aud I'ov erty." The distinctiou between a tax upon land aud a tax upon laud values must always be observed. A tax upon laud would be decidedly iuexpedicut. Its evll effecta would be uumerous; butit is enough to say that it would perpetuate laud mouopoly. No one could use laud wiihout paying the tax. No laud would be free. But a tax upou land values would rest only upon laud which had a value, and upon that accordiug to its value. Aud inusmuch as, under such a system of taxation, there could bo no speculaliou in laud valuca, all laud which was not wanted for use would have no value; for there would be so much in the market that, of great quantities of productive land, no two men would waut the same piece. Such land would pay no tax. Such land would be free. As popula tion increased and invenlion advanced, lower grades in point of deslrableneu would come into use, whereupou the next higher grade would acquire value and pay taxes. Kven the best land has no value so long as only one man wants it. When two waut it, it has soine value; when a milliou, a very great value. The value of land, therefore, iB not dopcudent upou its uatural pro ductiveness, but upou the demand for ii, and that value which attachea to land by reason of the increased demand for its use, aud which is due to the growth o! population and public im provements, justly belongs to the whole community, aud should be taken by the community for the use of national, state aud local government. The ue cessity for government aud the value of land are both the result of popula tion, and the value of the one should pay the cost of the other. bberttstments. On thc movt Livcr, Stomach, and Bowels, after Dr. Pieroj':; Plcaiant Pcllets have done their work. It s a healthy movement, too a i?afit7-al one. The orqans are not forccd into activity one day, to sink back into a worso state thc next. They're clean;;cd and regulatcd--mild-ly and quietly, without wrench ing or griping. One tiny, .sugar-coated Pellet is all that's needed as a gentle laxative; three to four act as a cathar tic. They're the smallest, chcapest, the casiest to take. Sick Headache, Bilious Head ache, Constipation, Indigestion, Bilious Attacks, and all de rangements of the Liver, Stomach and Bowels are promptly relieved and cured. A RUBBER STAMP Islwhat every fanner needa to mnrk lils Hutter or Muple Sugar packaKes. From WILLIAM JONES, MONTl'KMKK, VT, MAKKR OF Gilt Edge Butter, and First Quaiity Maple Sugar. A stiiinp ilmlhir to abov, wltli any variatlon de trert, ooetl ut u trifle, Is quickly atnl eaalPy used, lilciititH's your products, and lielps to advertlso them. Siid for our prtee Hat, or call and see tlie fltainpn. MONTPK LIKRi VT. GHARLES BUCK & SON, 20 CtlNTON ST. BOSTON. Cash Buyers of ewFnglandHides CAf FSKINS, PELTS & TALLOW. WRITE FOR PRICES. P RUDENT purchasers save time and mental tnction Dycaretuiuis crimiiiatiim in their "selection of sewitu? materials. .ttBffS, in.!'.:..:-. m&mi This group shows Silk, Button-Hnlo Twisti and VVursted Koll BraiJ, each bearing the name Corticelll, which is a guaranteeof excellence. Thereputatii i of this brand has been secured by fifty two years of effbrt, attendeJ by unintcr rupted success. With this name on Silk, 1 wist and BraiJ, all of one shaJe tu match the earment and each other, no tii mghtful buver hesitates. NONOTUCK SII.K CO., 18 Surnmer Street, BOSTUN, MASS H nv uiuuu ruri imrt KNOWN. I rnu Great German Mi'iiicinr la i llohoapeatand bcst. iwdoietof 8U1 I I l-lll II IIIT'J'Kit.Slol'if l.n.1,1, 1 1 IBone conl a cIokc. it will cure iii wurMasram BKlll OMeaae. Ii'.mi i' i non Dimple n tin tiux i.r uiat nwuil 1 1 -. -: i . Si-roriilii. Bl LfnUB 11ITTKKS Irt th IUI ! I .. "I III" tU 11-." ll l-nvtia nf an..li . .... i i. l.,,.7.7 .nJ... . .. ,' , ,lonr BLUE PILLS -l L PHU R ornii'irurv.tlii.vniiMlcailjT1" 1 1 1 " IV. I'lliri' vnlirtrii.it I n M ' '' " 00 Sfl.i'iirif BITTER8 ntterwaatatli wlllin: ii llow Htii kvIon'tw;ilt imlil von ubatanoe' ItyourWare unabietowalk,or breatb fmil anoWare flat on your baok, DOenilve? ITourbutge(a oal oueo.ti Mt.Miia. li Ih i.iiiu ill cure v.ni. .vuIi.i.mi- of order, ('.si'llltlvra l.i BiiKH8TIia Invalld's Frlend. lnillU'.hl.'lyTl(.VOIMIL- tlllM 1 ,,.l your I r.i,.,.i.: mra .1.. Ilir thlck,H ii,.... K, .in,. in I,,.,. ,. i,. rojiy, ola.Mpua bere, ii majr Mtve you udy, oi-in,. u hrt H,U(,,i hiintlrod.. Uuu l ul uuUl tu-iuuiTuw. r m ... . rry a cotiie To-rtay ! Kl. Are rou low npirltcii nni iror.k. t.uirri inir fi'on. thc ..., ni -iith - If to, .I IJ'IU'U BITTKUti U furo you. vJbberttscment?s. Tntt's Pills Thfn ponnlar remedy never fil tm ef f Mtweuljr cnro Dyspcpsia, Constipation, Sick Headache, Biliousness Aml nll discascs arlslng' from Torpid Liver and Bad Digestion. Tho nataral rennlt In frootl nvnpotlta mncl Nollfl I li'sli. iiiik. nniall t fcffnnt ly miur routeil uml euejr to n nllon, 80LD EVERY WHERE. A NATURAL KJiMEDY FUU Eplleptic Fits, Fallintr Sickness, ll -f cr ics si. Vitus Dance, Nerrousness, Hy pochoiidria, Melaucholia, In ebrity, Sleeplessuess, ni ziuess, Braiu and Spi nal Weakncss. This medlclne has tlirect action upnn tho norve ccnters, allaylng all irritabill tles, and lnereasing th; IIow and power of nerve fluld. It ll perfectly harmless and leavcs no nnpleasant eltects. A Valuable Ilook an Nervoua D1MMM Bont iroo to any ad.lrona, atul piMtr p .ti, m, can alio obtain tlila iiicillt'lne free of cluirKO. Thi. i-i immIv h Ix.rtl BntuMd bv the BaMMnd ?aator KoenlK. of Fort Wayne, lnd., hIiico 1SI6. and lbuow preiiarud uiulHrbis iliroctloii by tbe KOENIC MED.CO.. Chlcago, III. SoIdbyDruicn-lstsnt Sl parBottla, cim sn, tarBOSiio. 1T3. 'J BotHata n: mn. FREE sen.i ! I-Mtn Mainui to a. iv Uniway A 1 1 lioaiou, Musn., or bWH niodloal york puullaltut INDIAN MEDICINE MEN CURE ALL DISEASES OF THE LIVER, STOrVfACH, BLOOD, and by usinc KIDNEYS, INDIAN SAGWA. It quickous tbe Torpid Liver, tonea up the diaordvrnl aml wkak STOMACH, I'Clfl riES THE lll.oill), aml CI.KANSES uml STKKNfiTHKNS tbr KIDNLVS. NO ACIDS or MINERAL POISONS to oorrode tbeStomaob and roiaon tho lilood. A purely vegetable preparation from planta selectL'd by aml knowu only to the KlcKapoo trlbe of inimans. TnorSANDS will testifv to tbe wonderful effecta of the INDIAN SAGWA. Why yull YOl' BtJFFEB wben one dollar will buy a bottk' at any Drut; Store in the 1'. S. KICKAPOO INDIAN OIL. A prompi . rellable, effloaotoui bealiiig linimknt. TKeWiscsr Gf-All Vd.-fjoisVlgTe 1 Is TORSALE EVERY WHERE- ih A Aft A VI AIC ! rt.h atol ii1 "f II II llti'H. Ii anv tai.i) ' K-"i !' m m 1 1 l 1 1"111' M"u '"" aud wh Ia mK. r ln.tni, li.il, vmH u..rk lixluali i -ul v, Vv VVVi. ia nrn 1 hrrr Vhomui IMUri VMrlnlhlr.wnloi'allii0i,Mh-rrirrilirt liti- h III al. fun.Uh Iht iluallon orMiil.,vmri.i,al m lili h yan nii m n ihtti tn- unl No n, fat u,'i ii mi il.uir, KmIIj tnd qulchll 1 I 1' bt QM nutkrr Ironi Ml li djMftcl M uiiiv I i . - I. nnil pWTMii ffUk MNOamilt ntimlirr, w hn tre innkintr ov.-r .011111 uir Men. Il'l K I ' and Hl,. KuU ntrtlouliri KKI I'. AddNMtt onvt, K. . VI.I.I V, iu& 440, AiiKiislu, MulUtf. Cllpprd and Condoiincd. Don't kick bccause your horfees do. Tt. in in n.11 nrohnhilit v vmir mni fanlt if they have any vices. Hoitsm thftt ffln tmf in 9' ifl nr 9 -tn are very plenty. but a great number of AT ihn. MinnnHnffi Rfnlo fnir th a pile of l.aoobuahtls of potatoea taken from oncacreof fjround in lUee county. U KADI.lt. is there a ninti lierp , , there in your acqtiaintance who is do ing mueh better in farming thau jou are doing? Tiik Krenr.h ffnvarti m arti in nnlai tn e , ... ""- L'l enc.ritirnio l)nm .nrfi.ilin,r lmua ttm Imii p ....... w , ........ ' V- UGDL stalliong and charites a lee of peihaps t.) ior meir service. Tiie fall foal eomes to hand Btrong from a dam that has hail stemlv worlr all summtr a trood thinir to intluanea his entire life and disposition. WlIATKVKIl tanda In pnliirht on nnil to edueate the people, and tspecially me eiiuuren, wiu prouuce tlie elevating fruits in national honor and progress. Many a creamery has been started that was a howling success. The pat rons dld the howling and the fellow who furnished the outlit scored the success. THE business of shipping dressed broilers to market in the I has grown maivelously in the last few yeaia, auu is suii m us luianey as re gards meeting the demand. When a maic is sunnortincr n onlt she has a Itruggle, if working hard, to suppiy uniK auti muscle too, in good (lUautitV, aud often sufTers as n pnnao. quence or the colt does poorly. iULLY hfly per cent of the male population of the United States, includ ing boys of llfteen and uiwarde, do not properly know the deparlments of our government, and their relutious with each other. Clkan up the farm, and it will not only look better, but you will have grass and com where weeds and briars once grew. In looking over farms one can always tell the good and thrifiy farmer by the way the farm i8 kept. Tiik chemist analyzes a fcrtilizer and linds it contains so much of the elements of plant food. JJut when the farmer appliei this fertilizer to his soil many of his crops will fail to get this estimated value from the fertilizer. C'loveii is the onlv crop which at the same time fertilizes the soil and produces food. It comes nearer a per fect ration within itself than any other crop. It can be most cheaplv produced. It is both a summer and winter food. AFTER being nourished on such con ceutrated food as milk, the stomach and intestines of young auimals are natur ally snrall and undeveloped, and a sud den change to " all rough and bulky feed " overcrowds aud impairs these organa. C'LOVfJK contains in excess those elements that are deticient in the straw of cereal grains. No more than three per cent of alhuminoids or llesh formers is contained iu the straw of wheat, oats and barley, while there is eight per ceut in the best dover hay. A ton of dover hay mixed with a ton of straw will form a combination with more than ten per ceut of the llesh-forming matter, which will make it equal to timothy hay. That is, a ton of dover properly mixed with a ton of straw, is equal iu feeding value to two tans of timothy. WE are all justly proud of our great republic, of its great material progress aud of its rapid advancenient in all that conduces to produee a wise, strong and independent people; but we often lose sight of the fact that the solid founda tion upon which most of its greatuess is built, is the public school. Tiik foundations of education are laid at home. This goes without suc cessful contradiction, for this fouuda tion is laid iu the lirst seveu years of the life of every human being. This education goes on whether it be at teuded to or not he will edueate him self, aud self-culture is ever the besl culture, if it be rightly directed. ThEBB are thousands of uative-born voters in the United States, both young aud old, who do not compiehend the difference between state autl national legislation. Being thui deticient in knowledge of governmental legislation and administratious, they become the property of the politician, to be u.fed whenever sellish motives may require it. WHAT a blessing to her family and the community ul large is the clear beaded. sensible woman who kuows just what she wants and buys accord ingly; lights shy of the bargain counter aud auction room; does not consider anythiug cheap which she does not ueed, aud scorns to struggle with a hurly-burly mob of people for the pur pose of securing an article for two ceuts less than the regular price. WHEN a horse is east, he gets over on his side or back aud canuot put his feet under him to get up. A good method to get one up is as follows: Take a hlauket and throw it over his hiud legs. Have a plauk or j.iist ten or twelve feet loug, lay one einl on his hind legs and feet where the bianket is and sland on the plank three or four feet from the other end. This will push his feet down to ihe side of the stall and when he tries to raise he can get his feet under him and get up. - 1 -al O Catarrb Can'l be Cured with local applteationt, as they oanoot reach (be teat of tbe dlaeaaei Catarrh is a blo.ul or conslitutioiial diieaae, aud In order lo cure it you bave to take in ternal remedlei, Hall'a Catarrh t'un is takeu inteinally, and aotl directly on the blood and mucous surfaces. Ilall's Ca tarrh Cure is no quack metlicine. It was prescritieil by one of tlie best physicians in this country for years, and is a reg ular pretcriptloni it is oompoted of the best totiics known, oombined with the besl blood purillers, BOtlng dlreetly on the mucous surfaces. The perlect combination of the two ngred'entl is what produces such wondeiful reiult in curing catarrh. .Send Ior teatimonl- ali, V. .1. Ciiknky .V Co., Toledo, O. Sold by drugglata at Beventy llve ceuts. Geoiuje: " A penn; for your thoughts, Jessie." Jessie: " That's a bargain." (icorge: " Well, what w,-re vu think iug of?" Jessie: "You!" 1'uck. rllSlMI to i i inonloi s. Oriijinnl David Hoisington, John B. Mooie, Henry W. Nichols, Obarlei W. Stewart, Human C. Rumrlll, Warren A. Hiscock, John H. Allen, Amos Hamson, Isaac Uean, Ira L. Welch, Henry B. Downey, JeBse Curler, Charles Frank lin (deceased), Oirin Sargent, Kmanuel Burnett, George T. Mnuzer, Ilenry Spraguc, Warren W. Coodrich, Seth Hawrence, (Jiville M. JJell. Tncrtune Ira Lockwood, Silas U. Hemis, William 1'ientiss, Lewis Shontell, Jacob Tatro, Harlantl O. I'eabody, Jeny Arsiuo, I'hilemon 0. Wetmore, Nathau M. Jobnion, .Ir., .lamis Farwell, Wesley F. Haktr, William .1. Uarrett, Job Long, I'eter Ulair, Varney Kelsey. lieixsue Joscph A. Davie, Franklin White, Charles W. Goss. Iteissne uml Increa.ie Hermon C. Hamon, William Scymour Alden. Oriyinal, widow$htUs, Subinit Whltney, Marion s. Walt, .le- mima Whiilen (mother), Milo Johnson (falher) Clara Kinsley (mother), Julia B. Hodge. tnlnon of Henry .Morris, Catherine Ilaiunioml. Bllaabetb Green leaf, AbbleA. White, Henry II. I'rime (falher), Heviua E. JaiULs, I'hilena L. Smith. Penilon t'ommlsRloner'i Reportt The annual report of Commissioner Haum, of the Penaion Bureau, submit ted to the Secretary of the Intcrior a few days ago, shows that on June 80, 1801, there weie liTO.KJO peusiouers borne upon the rolls of the bureau, be ing 138,216 more than were carried on the rolls at the close of the last liscal year. They are classilied as follows: Widows aud daughters of Hevo lutionary soldiers, -2-i; army iuvalid peuBioners, 413,597; army widows, minor children, etc, 10H.537; uavy invalid pensiouers, 5,449; uavy widows, minor children, etc, 2,508; survivors of the war of lSlii, 7,5!J; survivors of the Mexican war, 16.879; widows of soldiers of the Mexican war, 8,976. Following are the number of pensions of the several clasBes granted under the Act of June 27, 1890: Army invalid pensiouers, !)7,13j.; army widows, minor children, etc, 12,209; navy in valid pensiouers, 3,970; navy widows, minor children, etc, 1,430. During the laBt li-cal year lirst payments were paid upou 131,100 origiual claims, re qulring $31,391,638 for their payment. This is an increase in the number of original payments over the year 1890 of 04,532. The aggregate cost, however, was 1,0S7,302 less. There were 222, 521 tirst payments of every description, requiring $38,552,274. The aggregate auuual value of the 070,100 pensions on the roll June 31, 1891, was 189,247, 200, and the average anuual value of each peu9iou was 8139.99, and the average auuual value of each pension under the act of June 27, 1890, was $121.61. There will be a deficiency in the appropriatiou for the payment of fees and expenses of examining sur geon8 of aoout 8300,000. The total amount diabursed on account of pen eious, expenses, etc, during the fiscal year, was $118,648,969.71, as compared with 8100,493,890.19 disbursed during the preeeding liscal year; so that it appeurs that 138,216 pensions were added to the rolls during the liscal year just cloBed, at an increased cost to the nation of 812,055,009 as compared with thc expenditures for the previous liscal year. Pensions were granted iu each of the last four vears as follows: 1888, 13,173; 1889, 145,298; 1S90, 151, 058; 1891, 250,505. It has been a prime object, says the commissioner, to put as many cases as possible in train for completion. With this end in view, 003,041 orders were made for medical examinatious, and 474,680 medical eertitieates of examina tions have actually been received. The remarkable fact is disclosed that rifty certilieates were issued to men who served from 101 to 470 months. It also appears that of the 71,001 persons to whom pensions were siranted under the Act of June 27, 1890, 1.188 were is sued to soldiers who served six months aud under; 20,099 to persons who served a year or under, and 44,905 to persons who served thirteen months aud over, and that the largest number of certilieates issued to any class was 1,603 to meu who served thirty-six moutliB. The nge of the greatest num ber of pensiouers under both the old and tbe new law was forty-seven years. "I submit," says the comiiiissiouer, " that these data show that the pen sions now being granted under the old as well as the new law are not to per sons whose terms were short aud who saw but little service during the war. The great majority of certilieates now being issued are to the vetcrans of the great struggle for the Union,and many of these meu would have goue to their graves iu want but for the just, humane aud timelv enactnieut of the law of June 27, 1890." During the last year, 20,525 peusiou ers were dropped from the rolls for va rious causes, and of this number, 13,229 were dropped by reason of death. It ia estimated that 1,004,668 soldiers were killed in batlle or died during and since the war. Ou June 30 last, 1 21 ,760 ot these dead soldiers were represeuted on the pension rolls by their widows or other dcpcudcuts. There are about 1,208,707 soldiers of the l uion now living, aud of the survivors, 520,158 are now ou the pension rolls. There are, therefore, 088,549 survivors who are not pensioned aud 879,908 dead sol diers not represeuted ou the pension rolls. In coucluding his report the OOnnniaaioner says, that on an average about 30,on0 puusiou certilieates are being issued each tnonth and that dur ing the current year he expects that as mauv us 360,000 claims will be adjudi eattd for which he believes tho present appropriatiou of 8133,473,085 will be ampfy lufflolent, Ih t iu.kn's Ahnica Salvk. 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