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VERMONT WATCHMAN & STATE JOURNAL, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1891. UMH nll Itiqulrlea or cniniminleittlons In relntlnn to ngrlculturp to I)k. T. II. IIoskink, Newport, Vt. Killtorlal Nolings. A rvadkb enquln s wbere the Lady Finger potato OBD lic had, We i!o not know ccrt.ilnly, but wesaw itndverlised, last spring, in the catalognc of Parker & Woodj Bolton. Two of our readcrs, L, D. C, North Montpelier and Mrs. C. A s., Barre, hivesent stampcd envdpes for in formalion rcgarding Itus-dan fruits, wlthout Indleatlng as to wiiat partlcular pnintH it was wished for. We referred to tbl IndlrccUy, in these NomtGS, some time ago, hoping Ihey would trll us more particularly just wliat they wished to bc Informed opon but have not heard froru Ihem agnin. Wc stand rcudy to reply to all luch enquiries when Huflicicntly deflntte, as promiBed, either by lelter, or here. prise that the farmers do not send more of their sons to these collegfs. It is very curlous to notc, in the cir culars of tlie Btntisiioan of the National Deparlment of Agriculture, how gcn erully the N w F.ngland farmers lead otlier scctions in the ainount of their crops per aere. And yet New England stands very low, wlien ci mpared with BuropOBD ccu Itrli s. Iu one rcspect this is very eneouraging, becnuse it shows lliat wliile fertile soilscan be run down by Inoapable or careless culture, thcy ciinuot, as s o tuauy suppose, be " run oul." Europe I as heeu feediug a larpe population for many eenturies, and yet her farmers are growing, on tliose loug-ti'led farms, niuch larger crops of all Borts thau we Aruericans grow on our virgin soils. All thia goes slrongly to co: fi ni the aphorism of Etnersou, that " every ruan is as lazy as be dares to be."' Wk tbink Professor Portcr struck the right note, though ho struck it rougbly, wln n he atiacked the agricultuml colleKCi as badly managtd to attract Itoddtlte from the f irm. Faini boys are poor, as a rule, and schooling away froai hotne for ttieni eosts more than ihey can afford to pay. Wc wtlcomcd General Armslrong to the discussion ( I this subject most heartily, because be is one of the few men who have suc cetsfully solved lhe problem of giving poor boys and girls a go d education 80 obeaply that all who will cau BVail thrmselves of the chauee. Professor Pi rlcr has shown elearly Ihat the agri- cultural colleges on ihuirprerent lines the pernendicular shaft boing flfty-one feet In height. Holh the sill shafts are n ado by boarding up the insidc of the studdii g. making a hox eight by twenty Inehet) The oniy trouble in runniug this ihaft i in gctting by the plate. This d ffloulty is golten around by board ing terota, making a threc sided box Bboul tbrce feet on a side, in the angle betWeen the studding and the rafters. The shaft from tbe sludding opening lulo this bi x below has a shaft on the rafters opening up thri ugh it. This box is coutiru us along the plate for tbotlt sixly Uct.and receives live shafts from b low, carrying the air to the cen n r, wbere it goes to the CUpola, through I'Ti e sl'afis along thc rafters oul through the et d of the barn. Spaeis betwei n lh studding are giadi'd up and make two box scight by twenly inches unttl tht y reaih the plate, and tlu n pass out ward through latlice-work io the sides of the barn. There are altoitether in tbe barn sixtt en of thtse cight-inch by &bbtrttscnunts. do not do Ibis thing, which yet inust be i t veiity-inch shafts, and the rtsulls fo done btfore uiucb nood can accrue to f.irl ave been catisfactorv. The barn is our farming iultrcsls from thetc wt 11 endowcd aL'ricultural colb g s, with abundant appnratui and plenty of teachers, but vtry few studcnls and of ibeae few bkrdly any vho are pre- paring theniselves to be cducattd farmers. Instead of critieising Piofcs sor Porter ao eeverely, we with that General Ariustrong would be'p him on the conetruotlve alde of this work. Tbe professor is certainly rfght when he ays lliat the tarm Ooys mmt oe very built so tiiilit tiie trouble will b i to kcep it Oold enongb rather than warm ei ough. Tnese shafts act very wi ll, 110 maller wbat the direction of the wind. Ttie bottom of the sliaft has three opeoingl oloted by hinged dootl one in the cel lar. one iu the Boor f the cow-table and the other juit under the celling in the eow-stable, so that we can ha e the ni' from wbatever place we de-ire. The olher point in the consiruclion f the barn to which I wanl to call at tention is the w iv the stock are watt r d. We use tbe Bucklev Waterlna Device aod l belleve it is tbe Drat of the kiod chiaply lodged and fcd hefore Ihey can . us d in the state faslened to the post tlock into tbe agricultur.il collegcs; and we will add lo this our own opinioo, that the, collegc farnis ought lo be made lo feed the studeuls by th tr own work. Half a daj's study each day is enough, and bctter than more; and the other half ought to bc giveu to the practical work of the collej;e farm and ihe profissors ought to be ofthe lype of men who say, " Come, boys, let us Wiiile wc believe and know that tbe rights of our farmers are ofien en croached upon by the eager sellishuess of other clasees, we also kuow that such encroachment can be wiped away by a mere wave of the hand with a ballot in it, if the farmers would but do their duty to theniselves as a class. Why thcy do not, m my tbink a strange thing; but the real trulh is that our farmers ueed belter education to give tbem confideuce in their strength, and a koowledge how to put it forth effect ually. In this day of general education the best instructed classes will control iu all popular govern uents. The farmers of America are, as a whole, the least instructed. Tney learn to read, write and oipher, alter a fashiou, in our com mon echools; but afterwards their reading is usually limitod to the politi cal country newspapers, and the story lapers of the city. Tnese are well enough iu their way, aud much betler than no reading at all. The newspa pers theniselves would be much better, and diecuss a higher range of subjecls, if their readers were educated to re quire it. As it is, many of our country journals are quite up to the require mi nts of their patrona; aud if the ed ucational advantiiges of the country were bettered, so that our farmers as a class dcsired iuformation on a higher range of subjecls, the supply would fol low promptly upon the demand. liat how are we lo get these better cuunlry schoo'.s? The ouly answcr to this is the old adage, Wbere there is a will there is a way." IIow is this will to be arousod? Caudidly, we see no way to arouse it shori of hard tunes consequeut upon 1 ick of knowl edge. These hard times sem to be getting uearcr aud nearer, settling d wn upon our agricultuial interesls like a cloud. For years they havo been growing barder and haider for tbe farmers, and to esc.ipe hard times thou sauds have flud from New Eugland to the West, only to m;et harder times slill. Now tbe West is pretty well filled up, and free land is no more abundant there; while Western crops huve fallen to a lower average than those of the East. on Ihe irontof the stanchion. Hetwecn each two cows i9 a cast-iron bucket holdiog Bbottt leo quarts. Tbe-se buck ets are all connected by au iron pipe with a water tauk coutaining a ball valve, which keepg the waler in the tank al a conslaut level. The water in the wateriug-trough reniaini at the same level as Ihat in the lank. When I) aniinal drinks any water it lowers thc level in Ihe trough and the water rlows into it from the tank, wliicb opens a valve and a lows more water to How show you bow to make this farm the j into the tarjk Qur cows take a great We Believe in Hood's Other Medicines Promise Much, but they Per form Little. iol Words from Mr. 8ton of Montpelier. Mr. .iiiim Btone, a barnsaatoaker in busi nesH uii Blm itrest'i Montpelier, vt., amt wiio for many jreari raaided in the town f Durlin, is nn n( our old tried and truo (Hendl. lle says: " NOVKMIIKK 2, 1801) "My wlfe and I both liavo for mihii.v ynars been tfOUblod Wltb a sall rlu'uiii hnmot on handl and arms. Wo Iiumi takcn Hood's Baraapartlla and always wlili Cood Re sults. Ocoaalonally il weleava otT few uiomiis the bnnoi wtn ihow Iteell siigiitiy, and theO we will take a little more of Hood's Banraparllla, Leit sprinx my wifa OOnolndvd ahe would try a new sarsaparilla that. was heittn idTertlaed, but soon gtiveit np and raturnad to Booda, being aatlafied that no other could cqual, let, alone lUrpaM it. For tlie past few l&onthl I have beeu follOWing yonr OggeetloO of takiiiK it in bol water and think it a (freat iinprove- ment." Jomm Btokb, Blm atreet. Mont pelier, Vermont. Be sure you get Hood's Sarsaparilla The bekl blood purtfler, the best nerve helper, tlie In st streti(;lli bililder. Try it. HOOD'S IMLLS eure liver ills, eonsti patton, blllonineaa, Jaundloe,tiok heedache, Indlgeaiion. Bold ty all druggiata. I'rlca 15 CHlltS. most produclive and prtfit ble iu the state." The Agriciiltural College Itaru. Agricultural Editor: L'stsuramer a good deal was said iu your paper in re- g.ird to farmbarns. I did not write j lhllt lhe wulur is changed qu te often deal of comfoit, appareutly, iu the water. Tney sip a little every few niinutes all day long, aud even when ihey do nol driiik they seem to like to -t ck their noses in and blow ihe water arouud. The trough is so small that it contains on'y abiiut one-sixth of wbat the two c ws will drink up in a day, so anything on the subject then, because I wanted to wait until our new barn was completed, so that I could talk about wbat it is rather tban what il was going to be. It is now completed, and there are two points in its construction to which I wish to call atlention. The first is iu regard to ventilation a point which was very little touched upon in the various plans last spriug. The barn is foity eiiht by one-huu-dred flve feet, with twenty-two foot posts, thc floor of the cow stable being on a level with the sills and dircctly over a large cellar, forty-tive by eighty-five feet. Tbe barn is balloon fr.ime, with eight-inch slud ling aud eight-inch raf ters. The veutilating shafts start from the cellar, pass up through the cow-sta-ble, hay-mow ahove, out along the rafters to the cupolaon top of the barn, and has no chauce to becomc staguant. Al hough this is a palent arrangement, and it is distinclly against our priuci plcs to do adverlisina, yet it is so great au advancement on any methol of wati riug stock that has hiiherto been In nse, buth as regarda the comfort of the stock and the lal or of the man wbo cares for theiu, that I hope it will bo come known and used by all dairymeu. We also have in the barn teu methods of BtatlOhloning cows, and we would extend a coidlal Invitation to any and evtrybody to cume to Uurliuaton and look us over. W. W. COOKE. We heartily thauk Profes or Cooke for Ibis skctch of the tinc new barn on lhe College farm. Let us hope that it will be a means of solid instruction to thousands of amhitious and ener getic young farmers. Editok. AT PLEASANT THE NEXT MORNING I FEEL BRIGHT AND NEW AND MY COMPLEXION IS BETTER. My doetor snvs It ncta pcntlv on tlie Ptumnrh, llvrr aoti ki'lnrvfi. n'nil iflii pleaMtnt luxatlvi-. This drlnk In num rrom hertot, aud is prvinr''l fruse an taslly as Uo. It IscnlliMl LAHE'S MEDICINE Ul dnugtoti nl Itat rv-. and II .OG iht imeknKi-. Btiv oiip t. inv. i.nm-'N Famlly nlealctiifl tnovn o bnw.'l. rnrli dai . I'l "Pirr to be lu althy. this npi'i'Ssurv. A NATURAL HKMEDY FOH Epileptic Fits, i'alliug Mlckness, Hyster ics, st. Yitus Dance, Nerrousness, Hypocliondria, Melaucholia, In ebrity, Sleeplessuess, Diz ziness, Iirain and Spi nal Weakucss. This medlclne has direct action upon the nerve centers, allaying all irritabili ti s, and lnoreasing the Bow and powcr of nerve lluld. It is perfectly harmless and leaves no unpleasant effects. FREE A Valimblo Itook en Nervous DUMMf Hont tree to nnyauiireHS, and iHMir ptttienl i'ai) alro obtaln tliit nn'ilM-mr I'reo ( cliurKe. ,..,..di' loi. honn inionr. ,1 tivlht- Ui'VtTtld ABior Koenin. of Fort Wavtic, Ind., Hince 186, and a uow yrepurvd utiderhis directiuu by tlie KOEN1G MED. CO., Cnicago, 119. SIOO.OO rxiEMiuiva:. r. Unuouhtkdly, the forecast of this state of thiug8 has led to the attempt to establish agricultural colleges and experiment stali iu8. But whatseeins much more needed, to bjgin with, are agricultural free schools, accessible to at least tbe more ambitious and euer gctic among the farmers' sons all over the country. The diliicult thing is how to get them. Uneducated men, we are told, have very little deire for im proved schools, because they do not kuow their value, or are iudiffereut. But this has not been tbe characterislic of the EoglUh race in America, so far. We know, by experience, that some leadership is necded to arouse the peo ple to the need of improvement in any thing, but heretofore leaders have not been lacking. Is there a falling off among educated men in the dcBire to have all lhe people educated? We do not see it. The general accpuicscence iu the large mouey grauts for agricul tural colleges aud stalions seems to show not only a williugness but a Btrong desire in tbis direction; and thia seems also to be shown by a very goneral but- DR. Help at Hand ! CREENE'S NERVURA. (Guaranfeed Purely Vegeiable and Harmless.) BEST OF ALL MEDICINES. Pr. Oreena'l Norvura ls tbC great miver of iift- and bealtli. it removci uii nervoui irrlt abint anil perfeotly and compiuuiy curea Nervousness and Ner vous Exhaustion. Wliy lo yu nuffcr fnnn tuoh M pxlmu-dr.l, pronirated and dragg4-out ft-fiing wUen Dr Umeno'l Nervuru surely cures ull Weak and Tired ings. Feel- TIkhi-mmiN Huff r from wakt'ful uiht-,und ri - ntorulngi anrefreihttd. Dr Gvqod6'h Nci -vuim Rlvefl liatural rtifrcdhlng bleui thu lci furt 0UT6 tot Sleepless Nights and Tired Waking. faint and nerYOLU m'Ii-silIkmis, niunhnt'Ms, tn nililiiiK, palpttfttlon. lr. CJruonc'i Norvuiu n thu ouly rt'iunl) for Heart Failure and Pal pitation. For snlo by Drugff.ats. Prloe $1.00. He sure and tec that the bottlo ia ueu.ud with the tradu mark seul 4,Nervurtt." Ir. Grcene's Nrrvura the best blood in viKorator, uud it liniiK'diutely owrconu'a tlie wuukuund, luagiior itml luc-k of energy tluo to Poor Blood, Debility and Low Vitality. fr. Oroenc's Nervura ncknowledtfr-'l everywborfl a tbe ffreatott of aii Nerw Bem edlcti, uuti is ubbulutely sure tu struugtheu Weak and Shattered Nerves. Dyspi'paift, dlstreHH, f ulnt'ss, f uint, "all goneM fi tdintf, gM livrr rjflglll. OOnitipAtlon ii re perfeoliy eurod by Dr. Lirtene's Nfivura, ua are al-so Headache and Dizzi ness. People often loee their appeUte, tlie livor u Inaetfve, tn boweli eonatipated. Or. Qreene'e Nurvuru U exuctly the ruinvily for Poor Appetite and Con stipation. Dr. UrMne, the wcll known epeolaltst ln the euru of chronlc dlseuses, 84 Temple I'larr, Bun ton, Misii., eun he oonsulted tree, pereonally, orhylotter. 8KM) FDlt SVMI'TUM 111. ANK. Th.- II , nnd EHreilde will clve Eleganl Qoltl VVntch (Elgln movoment) to tlie Brel oorreuj anewer i" above Rebue. 2d, Haiideoiiie HIkIi Ann Bewtna Maehtnei :til, s.illil silv. r Wiit. li; t l -t. BOoll a Sllver Wateh; tom xi .', each .rp in (old; tu nexl B, each M o eaeh. We oiTer HieM pretnlumi to Lntroduce our paper ln New Bligland liomee. Onr proinlunii are all repreaented. The reeull "t anawere will ! publUhed in Fobmary ism-. Write name andaddreei plalnly wttli anewerto Kel.us together wlln 36o. Poetaj Nie for montbi miDeorlption t" The Home and rtreelde. HOME .V PIBESIUE PUB. CO. 100 lli-l. Slr.tt, bnwelli MtMli INVEST! INVEST! ln the M-r CMki bt'in'titurt-H lMQ9d by the lluild Ing aitft LOM AilffttottffB Of Dftkotoi fntly gei'urud und Knnr.mteud ; $ -Wi,l") In llm llrnt norifkCM j ponitud with a trimtutt for overv ,- " i iki uf Dt heti tUfM ItlUtd Thhi UowpMiy ftllO lllllll lu-l.tll iiMnt Htooli on whlota luu dmu doelArod 24 Per Annum i' u ii, iSr jiunt twoHiid u half ycais. ILLUSTRATION NhoM-liiK Mttmt4 OOil Hinl proiit 011 u i. dharet: i Aihnltrtm '' $ 10 oo i Monthiy payouMtti 9$ W pw mmIIi m montli 604 00 tui $ mT5 4momU MlmrttN at iuatiirlly I.OOU 00 Kor furthvr parth'iilniH lnqulre of A. G. EATON or D. K. JOHNSON Montpelier, Vt. COLL WESTON, SPECIAL AUENT, - - BURLINGTON, VT. (Jllpped and Condennrd. At last the American hog has rooted Itnder the Oerman fe.ncc. In the farm, as in all bUlllltM, tbe work well tlone pays the best. Is (MtUegroWlng woi th lo iking aftei? If it is, it is woith doillg just lhe best jou cap. QOOD roads and wi ll-lilleil farinsgcn crally u ''i Dd In hand in the wc rld's progreM, A sjreat deal of labor U ( xpended Opou our fanns that does not pay for tbe fforl. FABUBM OUght to pay as much at tention to their own rations as to those of tln ir anlrnels, Hh who maVei just what the best huyeis seek is lhe nian who is well p fttd for what he produccs. Have you all your Implementa under ehelter? You should hnvo had them there long ago, by all meaup. TH! largest steer iu lllinois, and pn b.ihly 10 the world, weighs 4,.r)00 pOUndl and belougs to a M. c lUpin county f'armer. BHODDT is used very largely in hc:ivy aoodi to give them wiight. It is n frnud and a dettiment, instead of a benefll , to lhe wearer. As a rule there is notblng gained by crosing distinct hrccds of purebrid swine. Tt ere is danger ihat lhe good qnalitlei of both be lost. Colonkl Hatcii of Missouri is Bome jminpkins when it cotnes to farm ing. He has forty acres in pumpkins on his farm near Hannibal. THE theory thut butter made in a creatuiry, with all the advautages of eZpert skill and imprOTi d machinery, is the best, is not lUstalned by faots. But the time when the newspapers and polilicians can hoodwink the far iner auil make him btlicve lhe moon 1 maae 01 green cueese is last pas-ing away. If you ate seeding forbay or paiture, j. st mix one and one-half or two pouuds ol alsike seed with your other seed, and you will never regret itafteryou see the exoellent hay aud pasiurage it makes. How often do we see the questiou asked: ' How much does it cosl to pro 'luceapound of milk?' Il is like ask ing, ' How long is a piece of string?' As strings vary in leugth, so milk varies in coet." THE iwo fundamental principles of f.irmiug may be set down as, tirst, to p eveut the deterioratiou of the suil, ;tnd, stcond, so to conduct operatious as to get lhe most for the labor that is expcudi d. An exchange says: Eighty uine Il tces were opencd before a newspaper rcporter in Grand Bapidl, Mich., the oiher day, aud every one of them con taiued somethiug besides wool to make it hoavier." The horse is possessed of as good hcariug as his owner, usually, aud cau be made lo hceil words of command giveu iu a moderate lonc as wtll as tLote hurled at hitu wilh all the strtngJi ol tbe driver'a lunge. Thebe are thousands who advocate (all plowing regardleaeof soil orolroum tanoet, aud there are thuusantls who "ctuld never sie any good iu it." Whcther it is advwible to plow or not depeuds upon the characler and cudi tion of lhe soil. If, aa tbe ellver-tonsued Kausan so glihly said, the purificatiOD of j o.itics is an iridesctnt dream, what hope have we for the future of the republio? Let every patriot, and most t'trmers are patriot, scrutinize well the leadtrship he is followiug. In making new lincs we must be assurcd ol the markets alieady iu cxist ente, or lhe possihiiity of theircreation. Tue man who culiivates pro.lucls re gardless ofthe demand and ihe piace ol sale is wasling his muecle aud his life iu fruitless worry. THE Moigintowu, West Virginiii, Post says it has in its posstssion ' lhe monaicn of the oiobard," a mouster pippin that lacks ouly Ihree ouncee of weigbing iwo pounJs. Il measures sixteen inches arouud lhe che-t and w.l. ' make euougb dumpiiugs for a whole famlly." KVKKY owner of live stock should be very carel'ul to give plenty of feed during tall monihs. Ury short feed will soon rtduce the anfmall in fidsh. It is hcller to feed well hefore cold weather cotnes on, and tlius keep up lhe tlu-h and fat gained during thc eummer moutbs. Mkn do not pay sireat premiuma on quality for fun. They pay it becauee the purobaee is Intrinaically worth the difference which it commands; and i; should he uoticed that those who re ceive this difference never allow tbemielve to f ull off in quality of pro duction. TBE larmer who goes to work iu the morning say iug, " Come, boys," is the man who usually getB the day'swoik doue, aud gets il doue in lhe best mau ner. Uul it is uectssary s iinetimes to say " Go, boys," in order lo traiu tbe boys to lhe habil of leadiug iu the work aud p'anuing it theniselves. Evkky man who makes milk or but ter to sell should ligure out the cost of producing a gallou of milk or a pouud of butter. We caunol arrive at lhe t x xet cost, for we must make some is llmatei, but we cau get approxnuate linret, so that we cau tell whelher we are making or losing mouey iuour butl DeM. A. W. OSBEVBB says: " I ws never a blg enough man to run a very big farm, so I cut inine down lo lit my ahility iutliatliue. A mau irhocbOOtei a large farm instead of one suited to his size is as uuwise as he who huys the blggeet nair of bools in lhe case, solely to get all tbe leather possible for the nioney." LXQIOKI of farmers pamper their horseB iu winter while cows and young stock are allowed tobicome lean. They don't seem to thiuk that graiu used lo ni;ike work-horses excessively fat is not only working uiisehief to the horse but is a loss, when if fed to cows or grow ing stock many nioru shekels would be jingliug iu their pockets. Iibdfrttsemcnts. No other preparation combines tbe positive economy, the peculiar meril uud the mediciual power of Hood's Sarsaparilla. Lard i-Savei The school boy's composr. tion asserted that pins had saved the lives of many peo ple by their not having swal lowed them; so lard has saved the lives of thousands by their having avoided food of which it forms a part. Hog's lard is responsible for much indigestion and dyspep sia, as any physician will tes tify, hence COTTOLENE has been introduced to take the place of lard. There is no secret as to its composition. it consists only of highly refined Cotton Seed Oil, and Beef Suet. Clean, delicate, healthy and economicaT Lard has had its day, atid a Rreasy day it was. When next about to use lard, Uon'l, but try Cottolene. At leading grfjcers. N.K. FAIRBANK & CO Sole Manufacturcrs, CHICAGO. and 5 Central Wharf, Boston. LORENCE Silk Mittens. The engraving shows a late style thesf - rj a iwr 1 : .iv izoods. Thev are made of Genume Flor ence Knitting Silk. Whatever the de sien. all real Flor ence Silk Mittens are sold one rair in a box, bearing the brand Florence on one end. The pat ern shown here is ineJ in back and wrist througliout with silk. I hey areperfect fitting, ind in colJ cli :nates are tar more durahle, and quite as elegant and fashionable as the best of Soldbv allen- erprising Jealers.who .an De suppiieu uy uia )notuck Silk Co., issummi r M.,BUMU. SiM. -1 , y- Sold Everywhere fAVORITE r REMEDY PURIFIES the BLOOD AND 13 RECOMMENCED BY PHYSICIANS .vhen all other remedies fail as the only positive cure for Dyspepsia, Constipation, Liver and Kidney Dis .asts. Thousands gratcfully testify ihat Dr. Kennedy's Favorite Re inedy has Swtd Their Lives. To fothers and Dauthters (even the youngest) Dr. Kennedy's Favorite Remedy has ProveJ j Real Blessing. $1.00 bottle; 6 for $5.00. All Dealere. " Fahii.y Jfwki ." -A Hntf.ii Hltutrftted IVwk how to Ouri ull BlOitd aud Kltlney DlMMM nmiUHi in AadmtB un mluji thiiipapr) 0R. OAViD KCNNEDY C0RP0RATI0N, KONDOVTt N. V.