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VERMONT WATCHMAN & STATE JOURNAL, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1891. &(liatt)mai Jciurnal, WEDNESHAY, UEOEMHER 2, 1891. Political rumor i agaln busy wlth Mr. Blaine and his relatlon lo the presi tlential candiducy of his party. The rcport is ourrenl in Washington that be will wiihdraw a a caudidnte 011 tlio round that his caudidacy may ngain 1 napcril his healili, il uot indeed liis !ife. Should his p.irty 8ticcced in 1889, Jie woul l U!iqut's;iotiat)ly, if in good health, coutinue at thc hcad of the -late departnient, wherc. he hns achievcd dlltlncUon, atul wliere further honors are to be won. The stn'.e departnient tiudoub'.cdly affords opporlunttlea for display of brllliant itateatnanehtp greater Ihau the presidential ofll o, with iis multiplicity of cxacting and life l xhausling cares and responsibililies. 'ossibly Mr. Blaine is KMOOlOg that hc would niuch rather bc a live accrc cary of state th.tn a dead prealdent. THE coutest for thc Bpeakeiship of the national house of rtpriisentatives is among the dcruocniey an l thc strife for the caucus noniination is n )W the lead lng topic of Washington news. Fivc candldates appear Mills of Tesas, Critp of Georgia, Springer of IllinoH, MeMillin of Tonnessee aud Ilatcli of Missouri. Milla i.i apparcntly in thc .ead, with Crisp secoud and Springer thlrd but screne aad liopeful. The flret is tnost broadly rcprcscntative of .lemocratic policies, Btanding for frce iradc and free silver. Crisp is believed to be tuore couecrvativc than bisTexan rival. The real conlest is appaivnlly between thjse two, the reniaining . audidates boing la the race for leadlng llaceson theconitni.tee.s. The siraight out AUiauce nicn, who nuuibcr eight, ay they will not go iuto thc djruocratic caucu- but will vote for a candidate of Iheir owu. Tlie State Committee. The Caledonian has lashed itself into a fury ovei the proposition of thc Btate comruittee that the Btate rcpublican iress club with certain city weekly pa pers on certain couditious, which wcre jniewhat more favorable to the state i'apcrs than thojc propoeed by thc coru rnittee iu the fall of 1887, and which were accepted by the publishers with iubstantial uuauirnity aud gojd fecling. One or two other papcrs, though not so nildly delirious as the Culedoniun, are roundly abustng thc coruinittee aud de--iiandiug the head of Chairman Bald Wln. It seems to us that there is more rage thau reasou iu all this clamor. The siate coinmittee made a certain propo sition to thc rcpublican cditors a re newal iu substauce of the plau by which four years ago a large uumber of thc leadlng rcpublican papers of New York and Bjston were put in circulation in this state. There was nothing essen tially wrong or (mpropef in the coni niiltec's proposal. There was no at teni on the pan of that budy or its chaimi in to force the accjptancij of the proposition upon the cditors or to "bull doae " thcm, as our frenzied coutempo rary phraaes it. The proposition, as made by Chairman Baldwiu, was tcnti live, and was preeeuted in terms that were courteous and cousidcrate. lle urged its acceptancc, and pres'jnted cuch reasons for askiug a favorable re aponae as to him and his associatcs eemed couclusive. Sjme ilgned his proposition, among the uumber two whom our agitated contemporaries are now quotiug against the committee. The editors were frce to sign or not, as they electcd. If auy were opposed to the committee's plan they had only to iy so and let iialone; and if the icheme dld not on the wliole commeud itself to the newspaper meu.theu thecommitice proposed to drop it. For reasons given iastweek, the WATCHMAN deolined to aocedc to the proposition as madc by the committee, but we di-cover nogood reaeon for abusiug tliat body or its chairman lo the simple and iunoceut fact that it was proposed to revive this part of the plau of the cainpaign of 1888. No other paper, we belicve, has the slightest grouuds for its siveeping criti oisms of thc committee as a body or its chairman individually. We have no interest iu this matter except sucli as auy fair-mindcd peison may have in fair play a jewel ourover-zealous con temporaries seeui to have throwu to thc wiuds aud our poiut of view is that ut one who disagrees with the commit tee as to this proposition, and who de olined to accept its proposal. It is barely posBible that the real animus of the Caltdonian't prolonged scrctdsmay be found iu the fact that a rival pub lisher of St. Johusbury is a member of the Btate committee the member who on his own respousibility has been writ ing some rather injudicious letters to his brotherBof thc craft iu Caledonia OOUOty. Can our coutemporary's excecding gall be altiibuted to this causeV But let us have peacc; and let us iudulge iu the hope that whcn the light is on, next year, we shall Bee our disgruutled con temporaries, all aud siugle, displaying equal ardor against the cominou onemy, aud filliug thuir columus with an C(pjal aruouut of red-hot campaigu litcrature. Tben, indeed, will have disappeared one Kreat reason for iutroducing into the etate papers like the New Yurk 'Jibnne and Boston Juurnul. SccrHary Proctor's Rcporl. The gcneral public is apt to takc only a languid interest lil national dopartmcnt reporU, The rcport of the war de partiuent, howevcr, by Secretary Hed lleld Proctor will altract attentiou by its practical businesB character, its originality, its humanitarian and states manlike foatureg. A cabinct oftlccr tnay display elllciency iu carrying out pfOVlslona of law; he may dUcloBe a ganlttl for public aff.iirs by originating reform, by deTlsing new measures of practical BtatcsmanBhip and by puuiug ihem into succcsflful opcration. Scre tnry Proctor has won dlstinotloo both as an cxecutive and us an admiuislra tive offler IIi report shows wliat has been doue undr acts of congreBS lo guard the four thousand miles of na tional coasl-linc against attack; what establlshmeilta br makiug modem guns have been begun or completcd; what t'ortillcatious bavc been plauued and what armament has been provldcd, The dciails of his rcport present evi dence of a sciicme of uational dufenBC that is gratifylng to thc national spirit, and of thc means of providing the best modcrn enginery of defense that proin isc8 independence of Ibrcigu work shops distinciively the Amcricau pol icy, aud cutircly bcomiug a natiou whose poliiical independonce should not be hampered by dependeuce upon foreigners for food or raiiuent, or the lueans ofoffensive or defensivc warfare. In his admiuistration of the aflairs of the army, Sccretnry Proctor showcd what great natural ability aud force, with a profe8sional trainiug supple mentcd by years of experieuce iu busi ucsb affairs of magniiude and iu tbc civil offkes of his siate, cau do for a cabinet officer. The army was to him a vast body of employes, not uulike the men cnaged iu his marble quarries, and he deviscd reforms and carried into effect planB for improviug the efBclency of this body, for elevating the condi tiou of thc soldier and for relurniug him to the ranks of civil life a balter man and a botter citizen. Provision baa been made for proiupt and impar lial trlal of men for alleged offenses, with assignmentof competentofticerB to defend Ihem. ltecruiiing has been car ried on iu the s.ualler towus, in villages aud rural distrtcts of the country, iu stead of in thc largcr cities as hereto fore. Not only has better material for good soldiers been Becured by this ineans, but apj)licants for eulistmcnt have not been accepted uuless they pro duced satisfactory evideuce of good character. Men of questiouable habits and reputalion have been cxcluded. In case of doubt, they have been put on probation for a reasonable time, and if the trlal was unsatisfaclory, they have been discharged before any expensc for uuiforms, pay or transportation had been incurred. The maximum age of oiiginal enlistment has been reduced live yeai'B. The limit is now under the agc of thirty years. Iu this couuection, Secretary Proctor says: " It- wonhl be very duNirable if thia ani' Umiteouldbe still further rtxluciMl aml uo re-enliHtineuts allowed exoept in iase of sui'Ii iioii-cominissioned ofticera as liave at- lalned spM:iai proflolenoy. Tbia would return thu suldier after three or live years' norvice to civil life, in the majority of cases better titted for it than wlien he enlisted. It is butter that the soldier's serviee should lie an noldent, and not tlie buaineaa, of his life. If retatned too lon in tlie army lie caiinot siieceed out of it, and so uiay end his days iu the Soldiers' Home, instead of in a home of his own. The army, in time of peaoe, wbile training men for the iiossi iilo oontlngeno of war, Hhouid uot nnflt thein for the certain dutles of peace. But the aye liuut caunot be further reiluced uuless greater Induoement is offered to a opod class of young men to eulist. This should he done by a reasonable im rease in the pay of noii-eomtuissioued otlicers, es pecially thatol tirst serneants, and hy giv i them a better opportunlty to compete upou examinaUoo for oommUalona. The In- c reased expeuse in the pay of non-commis-sioned oflleara OOUld, if necessary, t,e lial- anoed hy eurtailing aomewhere elae, The cost could be saved iu many places better than it can be spared in this. The charac ter and eH'u ieiiey of the company depemls largely upon the list sereant." This is practical wisdom and practical statesmanship of a hlgb order, and a very apt expiession of a cardiual prin ci)le in the Amcricau schetne of gov ernment. Promotion from the ranks after examiuatiou before prellmlnary boards, rather than upon i ccommenda tion of the company commauders, is another of those sensible suggcstiona with which the report isrt plete. Mcrit, fairly ascertaiued, not favoritistu, is made the basis of advancement. The effect of the reforms to which we have brictly referred aud others which we canuot euumerate upon the morule of the army has been wonderful. The record of desertions illustrates tlie ef fect of treating the private solJier as a man audof affordiog him opportunlties for advanoement. For the year euded September 30, dcscrlious have been less than in auy other year of the history of the army. From 1820 to the beginuing of the rebellion, the avcrage annual ratc was nearly tlfteeu pcr ccnt. From Jauuary 1, 18(17, to .luue.'iO, 18(11, 88,475 men deserted. For the year ending Juue liO, 188!), the rate was 11. (i per cent. There has annually been asteady decrease, and for the year ending with Secretary Proclor's relircment from the war departmeut, the rate was only 5.7 per cent, or about one-half the rate duiiug the flrit year of the seeretary's administratiou. The diminulion is atill going on, and in Mr. Proctor's judg meut may be reduced to two per ceut, tlie minimuin point " owiug to the perversity of htiman naiure and the in oradicable reatlcsanesa of tho American people." The aboliiion of that time-honored abuse, thc ofllee of poat tradcr, was a work that required courage. The aya tetn was a pernicioua one, and had been prollQo in public acandal and iu fron tior disturbances. On thc fourth of March, 180, there were cighty-flve of theae traders. There are now twenty two, aeven of which have been notiflcd of the rcvocation of their licenscB, and four more are at posta whosie abandon ment has been ordeied, leaving but cleven iu existence at pointa whcrc thelr contlnaed tolcration is a ncces sary evil. Thc mca8uro of Secretary Proctor's admiuistration which most dlstlnotly displays his sagacity and illustrates the practical quality of thc man, was his plan for the culislment of Inliansas regular a ildicrs. On thia point thc accretary's rcport is b, interesting and the facts hc sets forthso Important that wc transcribe his rcmarks in full: " In Mai eh last a general order was iaaued authorlalng the eolUtment f oaeooupanj of Indians lor eaofa of the twentjr-aii regt mentaof white oavalry aad lufantrj aarr- Iiik west of the MissisHippi river. This Hotion was taken after carefiil inqulry into the oondnot in the past of Indlanaoouta and police employed in a military or ipiasi- mlHtarj papaoltjr. The prunary objeot, fully Juatlfying the experiment, in my jndg uient, was to Rive einployinent, In useful and legitimate channeu. to a eonaiderable numbet of Indians of the war-like trlbea. HavlDK been depriveil, by tlie extinction of Raine, of both einployinent and ineans of aubautenoe, they ean not be changed at once from nomads to iptiet and sutvessful farmers. Inei.lentally it was hoped that the habits of obedieiic'e, cleanlinesa and punctuality, as well as of steady labor iu the performanoe of both military and In dustrial work Inoulcated by serviee in the army, would have a Rood effeet on those who migbt eulist, and also furnish an object lesaon of sotue value and exeit a healthy intluenee upon others of their tribos. " It was not deemed advisable to urfie Indians iuto the serviee hastily, and speeial etTorts have been made to inform them of the reanoneibilltlea they would iucur and the dutfea that would he raqttlred of them as sohliers. The results have been very satisfactory. Seveu companies three of eavalry aml four of lufantry have lieen re orulted to thelr full eoiuplement, and seven others partially, and the reports iudii'ate that the organlsatlon of theae will be com- pleted at an early day. I have had an opportuuity to persoually iuspeet some of theae ndlan eavalry troops, and have re ceived full reports showiug the eondition of othets. Iu good eouduet, drill and military bearing, atlention to iluty, observance of courtesies, and eare of horses, arms and equlntnent, clothing. barraeks, mess-rooms aud kltohena, they are at least, equal to sol diers of other racesof no greater ezperieni a. ' Kor example, Troop L, of the First Cavalry, reernited from the Crow trlbe, thoiiKh none of its members had had more than live months' serviee, fumished as early as Septembor 14 last its full cjuota of non-eommissioned otlicers' trumpeters, and privates for guard, fati(ue, and other post duties; and on a recent two weeks' prae- tioe maroh of the oomtnand to which it belougs detnonatrated its oapaolt; for the perforiiianee of the various duties of the expedition. Thecolonelof the First Cav alry reeogniz.-s that the ineu of this troop possess iu a hifrh degree the charaeteristies aud traiis essential in light eavalry, and oonaidera them a valuable aoqnlaition to his ragitnant. Satlsfaotorjr reporta have also been received of the pfogress of the Indiau infaut ry companiea. " Nothing unfavorable has been brought to the attentiou of the depai tment regard Ing the utility as military organizations of the Indian oompaniee of elther arm, but so far there is every reason to believe that muoh more than was expected of the ex periment will be reallted. They are treated in all respects like other sohliers, and the eame duuea are required of them. They are dressed the same, fed the same, taught to cook and eat their food in the same man ner, aud in every respeet they strive ear nestly to equal, and, if possible. outilo their white COUiradea. All eoinmanils are given in Euglish, and though few of them under- atand the language they learn theaound of their ordeis qulckly aud make rapiil progress in drill. " Some of the eoinpanies, whieh have only been enlisted for three or four months, would make a oreditable apnearance at any eneampment or review. Wheu it is coii sidered that a short time ago many of these ndlan aoldlera were ' blankel Indians,' that few of them ever had on a suit of clothes, slept under a roof, ate at a table, used a knlfe and fork, wore shoes, or had their hair out, the transformution is indeed re markable. " The habit for a few years of wearing good elothes, eatiug good food well eookeil hy thetnaelveH, and living in elean and eomfort able quarters, and tlie I esson that theae eoiu foits are earned by their own good eouduet, will not be entiiely lost upou men of any race or color. They are reeeiving iiistrue tion iu Bngliah and in the methods of eivil i.ed life that will help them to help theiu selves wheu discharged. They wlllbeim preaeed Wlth the iower of the governmeut and the folly and futility of disobedienee of its authurity. "I am oonfldent that after a few months' training they will be tit for auy serviee, and, properly managed, will fiuuish a valuable addition to the military strength ol t iie natiou. Great eare muat be taken in the selectlon of otlicers to whom is intrusteil the Inatruotlon and development of these COmpanlea. Only otlicers of high eharaeter, tbal believe in the work aud iu the possi blllty of progress aud eivili.ation for the Indian, who are patient and faithful, and QOtonly soldiers of the highest order, but Imbued with aometblng of the mUatonary spirit as well, should be seleeted. " It is not only an important step toward their civili.atiou, self-support, aud eoutrol, but it is the eheapest aml best Inauranoe against further Indian troubles. Wbile 1 believe they will prove trttstworthy in any servhre, eveu against their own peojde, they will, at least, be sureties in some measure for their respeeive tribes." Secretary Proctor's admiuistration seems fully to justify'thc following froiu the Washington Stur: " The successor to Mr. 1'roctor in the cabinet will fall heir to an olti :e that has been ably con ductcd. Perbaps, too, he will reccive as a lcgacy the fruits of the inauy re forms that the retiring miuister has ttndertaken, reforms that have just be gun to develop results in the army, aud that sceni destincd to grow Into greater Importanoe iu the coming months. Fcw secretarics have ever accomplished more and better Ihings dnring a pcaceful a I mtnistratlOO Ihan ex (lovernor, ex-Scc-rel iry. aml now Benator Redfleld Proc tor, who, with a quiut and uuassuniing manner, has applied generous and hu- nao cominou scnse to the atTaiis of (he army with resultB that must be lastin. Thc culislment of Indians, tho estah liabment of canteem at army posta, tlie removal of grievances aud the reduc Uon of desertiooa theae and niauy other succesaful tucaaurca make a good record." ffotc and ('omment. Mits. OtBTKtAHO and baby Ittith are doing well. (Irovcr? ah,(!rover is not prOgrWilog so rapidly. Govkknok Ira J. Ciiask, who suc cecds the late (Sovernor Ilovey of In diana, is aclergyman by professlon, BNOtlSB opera on a grand scale hns failed in London, and Sir A'lhur Sulli van's " Ivauhoe " haa been wiihdrawn. Ouu aympathy and congratulations to Middlebury. Shc is on her feel Sgaln, and when rebuilt will look better Ihan before. Tbb Bay State lngue of Maisaobu- 8ett8 is witiding up its affairs. About time; tlie supreme ofhjers are alleged to have scoopcd a mtlttOD d illars. EDITOBI Skvier and IIakkison of Jacksonville, Florida, foughteach other wiih pen and ink until that sort of war fare palled, aud then arranged a duel. Ttiey wcre arrcsted lust week. TBX remarkable enterprise of tlic.S't. Albant Mttttngtr, in publishin au ac coutit of thc big fire in that (owu two days after il occurred, and after the BoStOO papers had got throuh with it, isthe weck's featnre in state j mrnallsfn. GovKRNOlt Hussell of Massachu aetts received a plurality of 8,487 votes in the late elcciion, while Lleutenant Qovemor Ilaile, rcpublican, got 11,861, The dcmocratic "victory" in Massa chusetts appcare to be of a one-horsc vaticty. Waltkk H. BBOWK and W. Ilerbcrt Moore are the new publishers of thc Wooditoek Standard. Mr. Hrown has beeu in the Ntandard office seventecn years, a large portion of the time as foreman and aBsistant editor, and Mr. Moore has held similar positions on the Ludlow Tribunt, CBARLK8 Dudley WABBBB succeeda Wllllarn D. Howells as the author of tlie " Editor's Sudy," in Harpe.r's Mmj azine. This will be good news to al) admirers of Scott, Dickens, DumaB, et al., who do not relish Mr. Hdwells' thcories on liction, and hisdyspeptic at tacks on the immortals. Edwahd Bobbbt Bulwlr-Lytton, the poet, dilettante and dreamer whom we know as " Owen Meredith," died at Paris of heart disease, last wcek Tues day. Ile was the son of the celebratcd statesmau and writerof the same natne, and was born in 1831. He was at one time Viceroy of India, and at his death was British ambasador toFrance. His diplomatic career waslong and brllliant, but long after that has been forgottcn he will be remembered as the author of " Lucille," and of the incomparable "Aux Italicns," with its musical rhythm : But, ohl the smell of that jasmine flower, Aud oh! that musio, and oh! the way That voiee rang out from the donjon tower, Non ti scordur li me .' Paylng (be Tariff. Votera who may be incliued lo listen with crcdence to thc of-told tale that thc tariff is a tax on consumers or as the American Cobden puts it, " the amount of the duty measures the tax p iiil by those who purchase for use im ported articlea ' cau gain s ime ueeful iuformatiou by watching the m incuverB of foreign pr'oduccrs of theso articles who have been forced into a practical application of this thcory by the Mc Kinley tariff. Just across our norlhern boundary line are huudreds of farmers who have always dependcd upon amarkct in " the states " for what they had to sell. Why do these men bo seriously object to the incrcae of duty on wheat, barlcy, po taloes, elc? A glance nt the market quotations of the two cities of Torouto aud Chicago will tell the tale ruuch more reliably than all the propheoies and platitudes of politicians, however pretcntious their claiins of ability to t eaob votcrs. Thc Cauadiau farmcr can get no more per bushel for his wheat and b.irley this side the line than the American fariut r gets for similar graius hc has to sell. The one pays twenty five cents per bushel on wheat and thirty on barley, as well as the freigbt, before he can get into the Chicago market, while the other gets there by paying the freight aloae. The Oanadlan secs this, aud objects to the tariff bc cause it coinea out of his pocket and iu no wise " measures the tax paid by those who purchase " the products ot his farm, Thc same knowledgc has been forced home upon the hordcs of foreign manu facturers who see iu this country the best market iu the world for their warea. Hence the commoliou through out the entire list iu every iudustrial center of Europc. Nobody hclicvcs that the cutlcry makcrsof Bheffield, the cottou weavera of Manchester, the woolen manufacturcra of Leeds, would bc holding meelings aud passiug reso lUtiODl denouncing the protective taritf of the Uuited States if their goods could be sold for the same price as under free trade. They go to all such trouble aud expente, besidcs that of malntainlng the Oobden Club propaganda, because they hope to inaugurate frce trade, and thereby make larger prolits than are found possible after paying the cxisting tariff. The mau who asks voters to see these facts in any diffcreut light, places a low estimate upon their Intelligenoe, aud is the reverse of compllmentary toward his frcc-tradc coufcderates oh the other side of the Allantic. Doaioeratle I'crpiexities. With grOWlng impntieuce matiifested in tbc West aud South at the thought that Mr. Oleveland must be nomluawd a third limc for the presidency, aml that the clairus of New York liiust be preferred to Ihose of every other atate aud siction, there now seemato be con certcd aclion on the part of some of the inllueutial democratic papera of the country to pitch the " atuffed prophet " overboard. The New York Ilerald has been outspoken in its oppoaition to the policy of aticking to Oleveland as ihe only availablc candidate and insiats that now is the time for Ihe party to unload him. It says: 'Both hoheat politics and OOmmoO Bense ladtoata tho nccessity of waiving the claitns of ( lleveland, the olalms of Hlll. the ciaims of all Ihs raoss-covered ca ididatcs, and OOOoeUtratlng every oncrgy on the eluc tion of a new man from Ihe broad-ahoul-dcred and level-hcadod and wide-awake West." Thc World has gone over to the support of the other anti Clevdand papers in demanding a now deal. It prinls cxlracla from indcpcndeut and democratic ncw-ipapors showin,' that "theourrent of public optnlon as re fteoted in the preai Is setting strongly in ftivor of Mr. Clevulaud's noiuin i tion," but it takes a long look ahead, and it says: "Conceding that Mr. Cleveland can be notninatcd and elecled, is that tho end of the queslion for 1802?" Still further: ' If Mr. Cleveland should be elecled next year, would it be pos sible or prudcnt lo nomtnatc him in 1800, in view of the uuwritieu law against a third terni? Would uot a changc of leaders then tmperll SUCCeBt?" Tlie incaning of tbls is plato enough, The more sagacious of the demooratlo leaders see dangcr uhead unless the claitns of Tammany and its candidates are ' waived " and a candidate chosen from the West. They are not ao much concerncd about 1800 as they are about the cvcuts of next year. If they wcre certain of Cleveland's eleclion in 1802 they would bu contcnt to let 1800 take eare of itself. What they want to avoid, if poBsible, is a seond defeit under his leadership. That can be done by pitch ing him overboard uow and taking chanccB with a new mn,Pitt$hurg Commerckd Gazette (Hep.) I'ross otes. TBK flr-t reward Grover Cleveland has received for rooting with Tammany is the appointment of his old enemy, Scnator (irady, to a judicial position worth $8,000 per annum. It canuot be said he was elevated to the bench to remove him from the political ooze, for there is where all the Tammany judi ciary flnd amu"cm jnt aud rccreation. Pioneer Press, THE Ilerald has never faltered, as its readcrB will bear witness, in the bolief that Grover Cleveland is to be the next democratic candidate for the presidency. The recent elections have done much to remove doubts that may have existcd in other minds on this point. The bes. political ob8ervers in both partics now look upon Cleveland's notnioation as In evitable. Buston Ilerald (Ind). A Maisk farruer writes as foll ws to the Oxford (Me.) Democrat: " I have looked over my Bill McKinley ' act, and flnd I have savcd 815 on my sugar bill, got J15 more for wool so:d, aud can't lind whire I have paid over 8:', or 84 by reason of tariff, ahhough I have expended 8000 to 8800 in various pur chases affectcd by IcgislatioD. Have been in active life, laborlng in the fleld and otherwhcrcs, forty-tive or more years, and the calamily party's predic tions never came true, unless they got the reius of governmeut. " Koswkll PLUTOCHAT FloWEB, the niojl liberal " giver up " whom the po litical history of this state has de velop 'd, is eushriued as the ucw Idol of the Tammany democracy; and the braves are alrcady demanding a repeti tion next fall of the boodle taclics of the last campaigu. Mr. Cleveland's 8ubserviency to Tammany II al 1 has lost him the respeet and eonfidenee of thou sands who formerly regarded him as above the petty practices of peauut politics ; it has not secured for him the support of his old-iime er.eruies. Al bany Evetiing Journal (Hep ) Wiiatkvkr of local causas or of niod Ifying lutluenccs there may have been, over and above all stands the unmis lakable fact th tt the foremost subject in ihe minds of thc people is the tariff policy of the natiou. Il is not only not settled by Ihe l 'gislation of the last congros8, but it is more thau ever the dominant issue in our politics, and il will rcmain so until it has been settled upon whol.y dillercnt principlea from those which have prcvailed alnce thc war. The elections make it practically certain that the ualional coutest of next year will be fought upou thc tarilf issue. They m.ike il almost cqually certain Ihat the democratic candidate for presi deut must be Ihe cxpouent of tariff re form, ex-Preaident Cleveland, but they have caused more doubt than leemed to cxist before about the republioan nomlnallon. McKinley slauds couspic uously for the tariff policy of his paily, and hc has won i.i Ohio largclv upon that issue; Blaine stands for ihat policy qualilicd with rcciprocity, atid Harrisou seems to be for eitber or b ith, with the advantage of posBessing more dlreol In tluenee than any one clse. ' To a man up a tree " it looks like Harrisou. The Epoch. For Qorernor, Mr. ttdttOT: As the time is rapidly ap proai'hing when we are to put in noinina tion a man for governor, and helieving that auggeetlona are in order, I would suggest the name of Hon. George F. Kdmumls, pro vided that he would aecept. There have been a good many politieal isms spring up iu the last year or two, to the benelit of politieal demagogues, but to the detriment of the people, and I do not believe that we want the next govoruor elocted on auy of these wildeat schemes. Several bills have beeonie laws in the last few years that have hoon faulty, aud it beeame necessary to pateh them up in some manner hetween the sittings of the legislalure. I do not believe that we should have met with this diflieulty if we had had agoveruor with the qualiftoa tious of our ex-senator. I believe it would be uu houor aud a lastiug benelit to the state to have ex-Senator Kdmumls for gov ernor. SVI.VKSTKK HANlSTKK. Warren, Vt., November 33, lH'.U. Thk eoiiiiinssioner of iuternal revenue has appolnted Dr. H. H. Melntyrs of Wea( Randolph a apeolal deputy oolleotOI for N. u Knglaud in ehatge of the sugar bountles, 1 1 is iust i uet ioiis are to prepare regulatious governlng tho Inspeotion of mapie sugar aud to look over the lield for the purpose of aseertainiug how iiiany inspeetois will be teqalred iu the distriet under the law. Cor- reepondenoe relatlng to ihe sugar boanty should hereafter be direeted to hiiu Thk speeial session of the Unlted States court at Brattleboro, last week, heard the petition cd Oeoige Hendee, reeeiver of the Vermont National ilank of St. Alhans, for leave to sell bonds of tbe Moutrual, I'cirtland Ik Bolton railway . Ilwu grauled. Iiltrary Notea. 1 i i v . . Back on (iiRi.tiuon. Kour fa- inous Amarloan Women Margaret. Deland Sarah (Irm Jewett, Mary Maes Ilodge aml' laiey Lnreotn are to wrlte for Thc Ymilh'x CWMHiniM a Borleii of sketeheson tho srennn and oeeupations of their youth. l'ersonal remlnlscences by the self-maile women will DS Ot absorliing interst. It Is not gener ally known that Lney l.areom began f as a factory glrl in Lowell. H, r flrat lltorary work was iu the eelehrated faetory maga- zi ne, Thc CotMll Qftrtng. Thk BciBRTnriO Amk.kii an. Every week this most valuable periodieal prescuts what ever is new in the world of seienee, nrt and manufaotures. Full of practical nforma- HOB, It dlSOioaSe tO the thOOghtful notonly what has been ascertained, but also sug gest i the pontbilltlea stin to be revealed For fmtu-flrc ptort Munn & Company have condueled tbfa paper in OOBBOOtloO with the prociiring of patents for new InveDtlona The Scientific American is anthorlty on all selentllii- and meehanieal siibj.'ets, and should lie in every houseliold Coples of the paper may be seen at thisolllce and sub seriptlons received. Thr Toi.F.no Wkeki.y lSl.ADK A.M) Cam- paion of 1898. The Toltdo W$ekiv Bladt, the most, proinineiit republican weekly pub lished, is the only politieal weekly "news paper Iu the Unlted States that ts edited with speeial referenee to circulation in every part of the fuioD. It has subserib ers in every state, terriiory aml nearly every county of tbe I'nited States. It has always above 100,000 subscribers, and dnr ing a late presidenlial campaigu had -.'OO.ikm) subscribers. l'eople of all political partles lake it. Aalde frotn politics it isafavorite famlly paper, having more aud better de partments than can be alTorded by papers of small circulation. Serial aml Short Storles, Wit und HuXQUT, I'oetry, (.'aiui-llre (Sol diers), Farm, Bnndey-acbool LeesonSi Tal mage Sermons, Voitng Folks, Poultry, Pnaalea, Houseliold (best in the world), An- awera to Coirenponuenta, eto., eto, Only one dollar a year. Send postal to Tht 0(aoV, Toledo, Ohio, for a free speclmen copy. Ask, also, for conlidential terms to agents if you want to easily earn a few dol lars cash. A National Famii.y 1'apf.h The au- nouneeiDents of Thc Youth' CottipaniOn for 1992, which we have received, seeui to toueh aliout all healthy tastes. Its fiction em hraces folklore, serial, sea, adventure and holiday stories. Frank Stoekton, Clark Ruaaefl, Will Allen Dromgoole aud Mary ( latherine Lee are a few of the distinguished story-writers. Its general articles eover a wide range. " Self-Edueation, " " Business Suecess," " College Success," " (iirls who Think They Can Write, "Natural History," " Kailwaj Life," " Boys and Oirls at the World ' Fair," " Cllimpses of Royalty," "How to See (ireat Cities " aml " Practical Advice"are some of the lines to be writ ten on by emineut speeialists. Gladatone, He Leaaepa, Vasili Vereitohagin, Cyroa w Fleld, Andrew Carnegie and Mrs. lfenry M. Stanley are among the couti ibutors. 27la CotnpaniOn readers thus conie iuto personal touch with the people whose great neaa make our age faiuous. Its 5O0,(X!o subscribers sbow how it is appreciated. Whoever sub acrlbea now for 1892 gets it free from the time the subscription is received till January 1, 1803, Prlee 1T8 a year. Address, Th. rOtltA'l Vompanfohi Boston, Mass I'KOSPKCTt'S ok Thf. Tkiiu'nf.. The tlag whieh waved over the ottiee of Thc Netc York Tribune in November, 1SS4, and kept on wav ing for Blaine, Indeed, for several days after the eleetion, and then had to he called iu, has never, at any rate, been lowered on one particular issue namely, the proteetion of Aiueriean agnculture and industry. Th". Tribune lias never yielded au lnob on that qneatlon. Last year it engaged Koswell G Ilorr of Mionigan to devote himself in the columus of the paper to an entertainiug, masterly and effective figbt for the repub lican view of the tariff, reciprocity, eoinage. the CUrrenoy and the uew projeets of the I'armers' Alliance. Thc. Ttihune has made a brllliant and Inatruotlve tight on these ijuestions; and It now announees, in its prospeetus for 1S!"J, that Mr. Horr will eon tinue right on in his work through the col umus of the paper dnring W1. There la no doubt that The Tribune will, through the preaidential year, be a most valuable heln to every republican who wants to Inform himself on republican doctrine, and to dem ocrata aml Alliance men, it will be the best uational book of referenee, for an under atanding as to what the republlcana Intend Two pages a week on farniing, und one for Uuiou veterans, are printed regularly. A great many distinguished American con tributors w ill write for The TTibvnt thifl year over their own signatures. A uumber of them will write on " How to Sueeeed iu Life," and if any young people want to pre sent their eases to Thc Tribune and ask any queetionS on this topic, H. G. Horr will auswer them. Bttoh of our readers as want a national newspaper, in addition to their owu local paper, will do well to send for a sample copy of Thc Tribune before deciding on their literature for 1892. Its foreign let ters, editorials, book reviews, aud grea" features are admirable. Wiihc A wakk furniahea 100 pages of ohoice reading matter each month, and the sub scription price is only S- W a year. It fur uishes perfeet entertainment for the passing bonr, llere are some of the good thiugs for 1892: "Fair Harvard," a series of articles which several members of tbe elass of !i! have promiaed to contribute; "Suehstuff as Dreama are Made Of," by .lohu Mead Howells (aon of W. I. Howells, the fauious BOVeliat), will appear iu the Uecember uum ber; " In a Thunderatorm," hy Robert Bev erly Hale (aon of Bdwara Everett Hale). the clever second of the set, will appeai later. In serials are promised "The Lance of Kanana," by Abd el Ardavan.a brilliant story of Orlental adventure and youthful patriotism, historically true; " Jack Brere ton's Three Months' Serviee," by Mrs Maria Mclntoeb Cox, a true story of the olvil war, a Northeru village, and a young home beroj "That Mary Annl" by Kate Upson Clark, is u story of a girl of our own day, and is sure to be the gayest serial of the year; "The Writings down of Dorothy Bolcomb," a narrative of the various hap peninga, projeets and opinious of two com-mou-sense, real-girl sort of girls. Lieuten- ant-colonel Thorndike will contribute a ilo.en thrilliug sketches, strictly true, uu der the title. of " One Man's Adventures.' Among them will he " Iu Arctic Pack-i. e,' " A Tiger's Breath," " Out of Paris by Bal loon," "Oelling Away from Gibraltar," " Oii Board a Private Junk," "A Night withaChinese I'refeet," aml others. Mrs. Harriet Maxwell Couverse will contribute a new kind of ndlan story iu four papers " How 1 beoame a Beneea indian," " The Strawberry Feast at the Long House," "With Seventy Saeheuis," "The Fire-ny Song of Iudian Children." The listof short stoi ics iucludes " How Christmas Came In the Little Black Tent." by Charlotte M Vallej " Christy Ann's Keevoy f'ienic," by Mary Hartwell Calherwood; "Tbe Morlarty Dnokling Fair," by Florence Howe Hall; "The War of tlie Schools." a two nart story by Captain C. A. Cintis of the I'nited States army; aud many others by Jessie Benton Fieuiont, Marg iret Sidney (author of " Five Little l'eppers (Irown Up "), ,iobn Preaton True, L. T. Meade, ete. BalladK, poems aud pictorial articles will be OOUtrfbuted by Mary K. Wilkius, Miisan Ooolldge, Celia Thaxter, Mrs. Jaue (. Austin andothers. Make tho children happy a year hy hemling the suliscription piice to the I). Lotlirop I'ouipany, Boston, ttasBi A BOUMO "f fatalities has wiped out a famlly of eight at Obadron, Neb. Dipbtheria carried olT the two youngest children, aad tbe other three were attio ked. TWO rc covered, but one caught eold iust as it be gan to convalesco, anddied. The next day one of the reiiiaiiiing children hroke its neok While retumlng from the funeral of thia ohlld the team rau away and threw M. Barre) and heraleter-ln-law from the wagou. Mrs. Barrett was instautly kllled, aud tbe sister-in-law died three days later. Thau the reuiainiug child was burued to deatfa while tryiug to light a Are, aud Barrett hua self passed away laet week, as tbe result of a kiuk froiu wue t bit keraea.