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VOL. 86.-NO. 4!. EXTR A. . DECEMBEK 9, 1891. WEDNESDAY, DBOKMBBH 9, 1801. Cliibbing Lllt Tho follOWtng offgTl nro for the benefit only of itibacribera to this paper who pay all nrrcnriiges and :i vonr's subsrription in ndvancc. Ono or more nf the piihlicnt inns may be ordered, but the mnmvy for onoh, at tha cluh rate, miist invariahly aooompany lie order. Tho " olnb-rato " Is always $2.01) less tlian Um nmnunt. given in tho secnnd cnliiuin (if llgures. riiritifhtr Htth I'ricf. thii f'ti)fr. 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Mrs.Looan's HomeMagaxinea.uA Blaine'a "Twenty Years," two volumea, are offered to yearly BUbscrtbera to this paper or 83.70, express on tlin volumofl paiil by the siili soriber. To acconiiiiodato any BubBorlbera to fither tlie WATCHMAK or CBBOICIOLI who tuay wisli to tako liotli papcrs, wo wlll mBjkd Hii! prico of tlio two for ono year thkkk bollaks. Thk offet of iho ,Vnr York Tribune, Bolton Jofurnol ancl Advettiter li radtriotdd by theit pablialior.H to 1 1 1 Vvrnmiit siiliscrilii'i'H to tliis paper. Bubsorlbera oan liavo ono or tnore f tbe papera and periodicals inourolub bing llgt. Fob tlie benefll of our repnblloan snli Bcrlbera who like to read both sidcs of polit ical questloos, and also to aoootmnodato our ddniooratio Bubsoribdts, wo plaoo thfl Boaton Olobe in our list, at thfl .saii'n ralo as tlio n publioan weeklies. Roe lulvortisoinont, pago s. and reading notloe to farmera in another oolnmn, Any new or old aubsorlber of tlio Watoh man, by paying fortyftve oenta, oan have thfl Bolton Weekly Journal aent to hia ad lroHs for ono year. Tha Weekly Journai haa been enlaiged to elght pagea and is tlie beat metropolltan paper pnbllihed. Tbla oiTor is open to every subsoribnr of tliis paper not in arreara, untll tnrther noticH. Thoae in arreara oan have tho benefit of the ahove olier by payinu arrearages and oue year in advance. Bend in your abtoriptlont. Bample ooplei oan be had at thia ofliee, or wlll bfl aent on applloatlon. Thk Cotmopolittui Mnfiazinn and Grant's Memolra (two volumea), or Bherman'a Me moira (two volntnea), or Bheridan'a Mflniolra (two voiunies), or MoOlellan'a Ifemolra, (one volurne), for only 93.80 to all who aro yearly aubacribera to thia paper. Add for postaKo on (Irant's, 4S eents; Sliernian's and Bheridan'a, 46 centa; MoOlellan'a, Moenti, nnleaa tlie lubtoribei dealrea to have the hooks oonte by express. Those Memoirs are bouud in oloth, yretin and gold, and aro ldentioal in quality of material and work manabip wlth the editioni aold by lubaorlp-tion. Deathl in Cold Woatlier. Tlie cold weallier in Kuropo serves to strongly illustrate the innbiitty of the aged to withstand cxiiofure. A recent nuuibcr of the London Niws stati tliat in tbe lecoud Weekof Deeember, 1890, the number of dentbs amoug persons Blgbty yeara old renehed lOO, while dui ng the following three weekn, whlch were so aoprecedentedly cold, ihe number Increaied to 118, 142, 148. In pei'nons afflioted wlth (liuiaHes of the tliroal and chest tbe averoge was doubled, While the fact that such se vere weather iB usual there, aud tliat people were not prepated to meet lts rigort, RCOOUntl in a deijree for the hiL'ii rate of mortality, referenoe to tbe reiuniB of our Pblladelpbia Iloard ol Eleallb kIkiws that tbe rate here, wbere cold weather ia not ununuul, ih de oidedly blgher in tbe colder mouthc (in the montbi oi Jaouary, February and Marcb) tban in tbe warmer montba. ll in of the UtOMMl iinportance that at;ed people expose tbenwolTta bh little as poatlble duriDg extreqiely cold or in clenienl wealher, and, when nect-88ity OODipell lln in (o do so, that they be weli proteoted. No doubt that if tbe Inoreaaed daDgera were aulBoleoily in- aiated on, in Bpite of the dilliculiy of inakiiii; tlie nverage octojjenariau real ize that be is DO lOOger youug, the lives of niany agod people would be greatly prolonged. f(?tca? and Sunjical Ite-purter. The President's MESSAGE IN FULL fiuiial View of tlie State ol t His Views on Important Matters ! Wahhinoto.v. DeMtobet 0. The Preal dent'a aannal Mesaf(o to Congri ss was raii to day, as folloWBl TO THK SENATE ANO llor.SK OF IlEPHKNKNTA- lavaai Tha rvporta of tho heada of tlio scvernJ xecutlve dapartmanta, requlred by law, to b lubmlttad to nta, whton are berawltb trana- uiiite.1. and tho roports ot tne suerelury of tho traaaury and tha attnrney-general, mado direct ly to eoimress, fnrtliab n eoinprehensivo viuw of tha adudntatratlva w..rk of the last Baoal year rciaiini; to Interoal niTaira. it would he nf lireat iiilviintne if these reports could have atl kttantlva peniaa by every mem- baf ot oonftraaa and by aii wrho take an Interaajt in pnbllo atTalra. Bacb a peruaal could not fail to exeite a l.ijrher apprflciatlon of Ihe vafit laborand oonaofenttona aflorl which aoKiven to the eomiuet of our civii admlniatratlon. The reporls wlll, I believo, shovv thnt evory nueMion 1ms beaa appfoaobaid, conaldered and deoldad from tbe atandpolnl of public iuty and opon conalderatlona affeotlng tbepnblia Lntereata alona. Ag&ln i Invita to overy branoh oftheservioa the attentlon and aorutiny of conruaa. Reolproolty. The work of the state ilepartinpnt durinc the last year has beon obaraoterlaed by an un nattal nuiulH'r of iiiiportant in'otiiilious and by dlplomatlo reaulta of a notable and highly baneflolal obaraotar, Among those are tho reolproeal trade arrangenienta whlob havo la'cn oonolnded, in the exerciae of the powors eonferrad by aection 8 of the tartff law, wltb the repablloof Brasll, wlth Bpaln foriti West Indla poaaeaalona, and wlth Ban Domingo. lake negotlatlona wlth otber oonntriea havo been mueh advanood, aud it is hoped that be fore the elose of tlie year fnrtberdeflnlta trade arrangementa of great value wlll be con- eluded. The seui Queatlnn. Inviewof the reports whtcb had been re ceived as to tbe dhuinlltlouof tlie seal herds in Behrlngaea, I deeuied it wise to propoea to lier inajehtj's overninent in Kebruary last that an agreeraenl for a oloaedaeaaon ahonld bo ma le. pending ihe negotlatlona for arbU tration wbloh then aeemed to be approaobisg a favorablo oonoluafon. Afler niucli eorre apondence, and delays fur whieh thia ;overn mantwaanol reeponalble, an ngreementwM reaobed and atgned on the 16th of June, by whlch tiieat 9rltaln nndertook, from that date and ontll May l, IBttJ, to prohlbtttbe kllUog by her aabjeota of aeala in the Behrlng sea. aud thegovernmenl of the Unlted Btatea, during the same period, to Inforce Hs exlating prohibltlea againal polaglo aeallng and to Untit the oatob by the f ur aeal company upon tlm buanda v nwOBklna. Oonoernlng Boundarlea. Irovislon ahonld la made for a Jolnt de marcatlon of tbe frontler Une belween C'an ada and the United Btatea, wherever reqoired by tbe Inoroaelng border aettlementa, and oa peelally for tbe esacl loeatlonof tho water boundary in the atralta and rivera. 1 shoidd baveboenglad to annonnea aome favorable dlapoaltion of tbe boundary dtaputa between Qreai Britaln and Veneaoela, touob iug tha weatern trontier of liritili Qulana,bnt tbe frlendly elfc.rl- of Ihe I'nited Statea in tliat direetlon have tbua far been onavalliag. Thia Koverninent will eoiitlnue to expreaa Ita con eern at any appearanoe of forelgn eiicroach nenton terrttorlaa loAgnnder the uiiiuinis trutive eontroi of Amerloan atatea. Tbe iletermination of ailisputed boundary lseasily attalnable by auileable arbltratlon, wbere tbe rlgbta of tbe reapouttve parl lea reat, as bere.on biatorlo facta,readily ascertainable Tbe preaidenl here refera to the gratlify Ing reanlta of the labora of theatateda partment and our miniateraabroad in hnv in the restriet ions on A niericau pork pro- dueta reraoved in Germany, Denmark, Italy, Auatria and France. Brailllan Ti blea. Tha reoenl poUtloal dlaturbancea In tho Re publlo of Braatl have ex. ited regret and so Itoltude. Tiie Information we poaaeaaedwae too meager to enable ua to form a aatlafaotory Jll'lk'nicnl of the eausi's liui(lill to Ihe temPOr ary aasumptinn of supr.'lne powcr by l'n sldont Ponaeca) but tbla government dtd nol fail to expreaa its anxioua aolicitude' for tbe i-aco of Braail and for tbe maintenanoe of tha freo po lltieal Inatltutlona wblcb bave been eatab Uabed there, nor to offer our advloe tbat uroat moderation abould be obaerved in the olaah of partiea and the oonteat for the leaderahlp. Tbeae counaeli were reoelved lu tho mout frlendly apirit, and tbe Uvteat Irfonnatlon la tliat oonatttutloaal governmant haa beon ro eatabllabed wltboul bloodabed. The New Orleans Lynoblng. Tlie lynoblng at New Orleans In Ahireh last of eleven menof ttallan natlvity by a tnob of citi.ens yvas a mosi ileplorable and dlaoretUta blelnelaenti it did not, bowever, havo its oriin in any general anlmoalty to Ihe Ilaliau people. nor I li any disrespect to tlie Kovern inent of ltaly, wlth whieh our relatlona woro of tbe noat frlendly obaraoter, Tho fury of the inoh wasdirei ted aKaiiisl tbeae lllcn as tho auppoaad partlolpanti or aeeeaaorlee in the inurderof aoityofOoer, I do not alluilo to tbla aa mltlgating in any dagae tbla ofleaae againat law and bnmanlty. but oaly aa atrect- Ingtlte interiiulional queatlooa whieh irrew oul of it. It waa at onee represented by the Itallan nlniater tbat aeveral of those whoee lives hud beon tnkeii by Ihe mob were ltalian nbleote, and a damand was nada for tho punislnnent of tbe parlieipauts and for an In. aemnlty to the familiea of tbnso who were kllUd. It is to be Ngfetted that the inaunor ln arbiob these claiins were presented waa not nob aa to promot a oalni dtaouaalon of the questlon Involvi d; but tliis may well beatMa buied to the asoitemenl and indignatlon Whlob tho crimo nai urally evoked. The vlowa of thia goveriinteai aa to its obllgatlona to foreiiiers doudeiled here were fully stated In tbe aorreapondenoe, m well as its purpoao u uiake au Invesllmition of the alfnir, with a view toileteriuine wheUier there weie preaent any eirounislancea that oould, tinder Bueh rules of duty as we liu.l ludii ated, ereate au ObUgation upon the United Stules. Tho tein- porarr abaanca of a ntinlater plenipotentlary of ltaly at thiai apitui baaretarded tbefurtber oorrespoudeiiee, hut it Is not douhlud that a frlendly oonoluaiou U attalnable, Homo eaflgcattoni growiiig oul of tids un happy IneMenl are worthj ti.o atteotloa of conureas. It would, I beileve, be enlirely com- pelenl for oongreaa to make oflronsoa againal the treaty righte of forelvnera domloUed la tbe Unlted Htates OOgnUMkbU in tlie federal oourtn. Thls haa not, bowever, boon done, and the federal oflieers and rntirta havn no jaiwer In raeb aaeaeto Intervene aitber for the pro teotlon of a forelgn otllaen or for the punish- BMnl of his slayers. It seeins to 1110 to follow, in thia state of the law, that tho oflleera of the Blate oharged wlth pOlioe and judleial powera In aueh i-aaes, inust, In the conslileration of ln lernational iileationa urowhiK out of aueh In Oldenla, beregarded in sueh sense aa rcderal agmtaaa to mnkc Mda gorenmient anawer able for their aeta in ra-e w here II would be anawerablelt the United Btatea had used its eonatltntlonal power to ,i. and puniah erimaa againal treaty riiits. The Oblllan Mnddle. Tlie elvll war In Chlll, whlch bafjaa ln .Tan liary last, waa OOatinaed, but fortunntcly with Infreqnanl and ael hnportanl armed coi- llslons, untll Auk. 3s, when the conKresalonal forcea landed near Valparaiso and. after a hloody engagemeat, eapl tlfed that clty. I'real- denl HaiinaeedH at Ditoa raoetnlaed that hla cause waa loat, and a provlslonal Koverninent waa siaw'dily cstahllshed hy the vlctorloua party. Our ulnlator was promptly dlrectod to reeogniae and pul himaelx iu oommunieatkaa with tliis (rovernuient as soon aa It sliould have eatahlkdted ita de facto eharaetef, whieh waa done. DuriiiK tho pendency of thls civii oon teat frequent iadireet appenls were mndo to thia gorarnnMnl lo eottend hellurareni rhrhta totba utaurmnta and toglve audienoa to tholr representativea. Thia was decllned, and tbat polioy wns pursued tbroiuibout, whlch tbla Kovornment, wben wrencbed by civll war, ao (trenuously inelated upon on tbe parl of Kuro pean nationn. The Iialn, an armed vesol. e ra nanded by a nnval ofhoeff of the insurt;ent tleet, inanned by Ita aailora od with aokUera on board, waa elaed unrler prweaa of tho I'nited Statea cotirt at San Die(to, Cai., for a vioiation of our ncuttalitv laws. While ln the eustodyofan ollicer 01 Iheeourt, the vessel was forcibly wreated from hla oontrol and pul to sea. it would have la'en Inconaleteni withthcdlg- nity and aelf-raapeot of tbla government nol 10 bave Inelated tbat tho ita'a enonM bo ro turneil to Ban Diego, to ahtda t be Jndgment of tho court. This was so e.lear to the Junta of tlio Oongreeaional party, eetabllabed at Iqnb que, tbat before the arrival of the Itataat Ibai port, the aecretary of forehrn relatlonacjl the provlalonal government addreeaed to Kear Admiral lirown, commandlog the United Siatesnaval fnrees, a coinniiinieation, from wiiieh tlie following is an abstract. "Tho provialonal governmenl haa learned by the oablegrama of the Aaaociated Preaa that tbe tranaport ttata, datalned In Ban Dlego by order of the United states for takiiiK on board mnnitlonaof war aud in poaaeaaion of the marabal, left the port, earrying on board t hia offlrial, who w-as landed at a point near tbe ooaat, and then oontinue d her vovage. It this newe be oovreot, tbla governmenl would de plore the oonduot of the Itata, and, aa an evt- dence that it is not dlapoeed to anpport or agfea to tho lnfraclinn of the laws of the United Btatea, tha nnderalgned takes advan- tagfl of the provisixnal relations yoo havo beon gOOd enoush tn maintaiu wii h him sinco your arrival in thls port to ueelare to you that aa Boon as aho is withln reaoh of our onlere, his government wlll pni the ttata, with tho anns and munltiona abe took on board at San Dlego, at tbedisposition of the I'nited Statea." A trial in tlio diatrlot oourt of the United Btatea for the aonthern diatrlel of Califnrnia baa recently reaulted in a deolaion bnidinir, among otber things, that, inaamuoh as the Congreaaional party has not been reoognteed aa a belligerent, the aets done in it- interost oonld not be n vioiation of our neutrallty laws. Protn thia judgment tbe United states h is appealed, not that the oondemnation of tbe vessel ia a matter of Importanee, but that we may know what tho preaenl state of our law is; for, if this oonatruotion ofihestatute is eorreet, thoro is ohvious necessity for re vision and ainendinent. A Dleappolntuient During the progreaaof tbe war in Ohillthia Kovennnent tondered its irood offlcea to brlng about a peaooful adjuatment, and it was nt onetlme hoped tliat a uood reautt migbt be reaehed: hut in tliis we were dtaappointed. Tbe Inatruotiona to our naval oflleera and to our ininister at SnntinKO, from the llrst to tha hut of tbla atruggle, enjotned upon them tha moal Impartlal treatmenl and non-interfer-ence. I an aatuifled that, those Inatruotiona were obaerved, and tbat our representativea were alwaya watehf ul to nae their influenee impartially, in tbe intereat of bumanity and, on more tban one occaalon, did so effeottvely. We could not forget, bowever, that this kov ernment waa in dlplomatlo relatlona wlth tho then eetabllabed government of Oblli, as lt la now in anoh relatlona with the aucoeaaorof that government. lamqnlteaure that Presl denl Montt, who has, under clroumatanoaa of promiae for tbe ieaee of t'hlli, lieen installed a- prealdent of that RepnbUe, w ill not desiro that, in tbe unfortnnate event of any revolt agalnat hla authority, tlie polioy of tids rov ernment ahonld be otber tban that w hieh we have reeently obeerved. No offioial eomplaint of the oonduot of our mintateror of our naval offlcera during tlio atrpgglehaa been preaented to tiii govern ment; and it Is a mntter of regret that ao ninny of our own people ahonld have gtven ear to unofBebtl obargea and oomplalntatnat man Ifeatly bad their oiigln in rlval Intereataand in a wish to iiervert the relationsof tlie United States and Ohill. Tbeooliapae of the governmenl of Balma eedabronghl abont a eonditlon whieh ia, un fortunately, too famlliar in ihe biatorj1 of the Central and South Ameriean atatea. with tbe overtbrow of tlie Balmaoeda government, heandmany nf his oounctllora and ofBoere became at onee fugltivea for their lives, and appealed to the oommanding oifloera of tlio forelgn naval vessels in tlie harhor of Val paraiso, nml tn tho reMileiit forelgn minlatera nt Bantiago for aaylum, Tbla aaylum was freeiy given, aooording to my Information, hy tlie naval vessels of aevaral forelgn powera and by aeveral of tbelegatlona at Bantiago. The Ameriean mlniater, as well aa blaool leaguee, aoting upon tbe imi.ul-.e-i of hnman Ity, extended asylum to poUtloal rofugees wboaelivea were in peril. 1 bave nol been wllllng todireot tlie aurrender of sueh of these peraona aa are atll in Ihe Ameriean legation witliout siiitahle condltionB. The Baltimore Inoldenti On the lllth of Oetoberan en nt OCOUlTed at Valparaiso, ao serioiisand trau'iein its elretim staneeaand reaulta. as to very .lustly exeito tbe indignatlon of onr people, and to oall for pronipl aud declsive aetion on tlie parl of thls government, A eonaiderable number of the aatlora of the United Btatea ateamabtp Halti more, then in the aarborof Valparaiso, heinK upon abore loave and unarmed.were aaaaulted bv armed men, nearly almultaneoualy, in dlf. ferent looaUtlee In the cltjr, Oae petty offlcer was killed ouli ight.aiid aeven or elght seaiucn Wera aeriously wiiunded.oiie of whoiu haa tinoedled. Bo aavage and brutal was the as aaull that aeveral of our aailora reoelved more tlian two, and one of tbiunaemany as cigh teen, staii wonnda, An investigation of the affalr was promptly made by it Isiard of otlieers of the Baltimore, and their report shows that these asmiulta were unprovoked. t'nat our men were oonduct lng tbeinsrlvea In a lajaoeahle and onlerly inanner, and that soiuo of the polioe of tho olty took part In the aaaault, and uaed theb? Weapona With fatal effeet, hile a fewothera, wlth soiiie wellllapoaad oitlaena, endeavored loproteel our men. Thlrty-hix of our sailora were arrested, and aoma of tbem, wblla ladng taken to priaon, were i ruelly beaten and inal treated. The faet tbat they were all dls ebarged, no erimlaal charge being lodged au'iilusl any ono of them, shows vei y i learly tbat they were Innooent of anj breaou of tho peaoe. Sotaraa I have yet been able to learn no 011 ler explanatiou of this bloody work baa been Buggeated tban that it badltaorlgin in hos UUtytO theso men as sallors of the Unltod Btatee, wearing the unlform of their govern ment, and nol in any Indlvldual aol or peraonal anlmoalty. The attentlon of the Chllean gov ernment waa at onco eaiie.i to thia affalr, and e atatement of the faeta obtalned by the in vestigation we had oonduoted waa aubmltted, ai l oiiipaided hy a reqiieat to he advlsed of any otber or qnallfying faeta In the poasesslon of the Chlllan governmenl tbat Bight teod tore lleve thia affalr of the appearanoe of an in- sult to thls government. The Chllean gov- arnment waa alao advlaed that, ifsuch quaii- fylng faets did not exlst thls government WOOld eonfldently expect full aud' prompt re pnratlnn. It is to ia? rearretted that the reply of tho boc- retnry for forelgn atTairs of the provlslonal Koverninent. was rouobed In an offensivo tone. To thia no response has been made. Tids gov- erntnent le now ewalttng tho reault of an in vestigation whieh ims been oonduoted hy the rrimlnal court nt Valparaiso. It Is reported, nnoffletaliy, thnt tho Investigation Is about OOmplated. and It la expectod that, the resnlt will soon be conimuiiicnted to thls govern menl, together with some adaquate and aatbv faetory raaponae to tbe nota by whieh the at tentlon of t'hlli was ealled to ttiin Ineldent. If theso Just oxHetations should l dlsap Dointad, OT further BeedkM delay Intorvene, I will, by a speelal message, hrlng thls matter Bgain to the attentlon of eongress for sueh ae tion as may be necessary. Tbeentlre oorraapontleuee with tho govern ment of Chlll wlll at, an early day lxj subinlt ted to congreas. The Chlnese Troubles. The prealdent calls the attentlon of eongress to the aetion of the Cbinese gov arnment in their refusal to receive Mr. Blair as our repreaentatlve and nlso to re cent outbreaka, whioh he eonaldera aro not tbe result, of any foreigners in partic- nlar, but an Inaurreotlon aaiiist pnblli ordcr, and nrges tho BXpedleney of innking apeoial provision by law for tho temporary aidmiaaion of some Ohiueee artieana and Inborera, in eonnoction wltb tbe exhibit of Chineee lnduatrlea nt the approaching Cnluinbiaii exposition. " regard it as de- atrable thnt the Chinesr exhlblt be facill- tnted in every plopw way." Spanisli Affalrs. The righte of Ameriean citi.ens in tbe Oaroline telanda wns then llghtly toncbed upon: amenta the Injuatioe to our eoun trymen on acconnt of the negleot of the Spnnisli government, callinn further at tention to the proposed eelebration of tho 4onth anniveraary of the diaoovery of Ameriea, Whieh evrnt is to be held in Madrid, aad argtng eongress to aoeept tbe knvitatlon extended to this government to partloipate in its celebrution. Ituaslan Kmlgratlon. The Mexioan treaty, the death of TCInp: Ratakua and the intlux of RuBsians, on BCOOnnt of their expulsion from the do niains of the czur, to this country, ia Mferred to. and Whteh is likely to assume proportiona which may make it difticult toflnd homeeand emplorment for them here. and to seriously affect the labor nmrket. It is esUm.ited tbat over ono million will be forued from Itus.sia within a few years. The HebreW is never abeggnr, he has al Wayakept the law, often under severe and oppressjvo oivil restriet ions. It Is also trne tbat no race, sect, or elass lias raore fully cared for his own tban the Il brew race. Rut the BttddM transfer of sueh a multitude, un der oondltiona that tend toslrip tbem of their mall acoumitlationa and to depreaa tbetr cn ergiesand eoiirage. Is nelther go.al for them norforua. The hanisliment, wbether hydl rect decree or by not less oertain Indirect methods of so large a number of men and Womon, ia not a looal queation. A decree to leave one country is, In tho nature of thlngs, an order to entor another. Tliis consideratlon, as well as the suggestlona Of bumanity, fnrnlahea an aranle groand fqt tbe remonstrancea whieh we have presentod to Rnaala, while our bbrtorle frlendablp for that government oannoi fail to give the aaauranoe tbal our representatious are those of a Bincure well-wisher. The Navnssa Tnsurreetlon. The N.ivassa troublea have been referred to, and the oatiae of them particularly ontlined by the prealdent, and in couclu sion. tbe prealdent aaldt I reoommend legialatlon thnt aball placo la bor eontraota upon this and otber islands hav Ing iln- relatlon tbal Navaaaa baatotbe United States, under the aupervidon of a eourt com mlaaioner, and thal shall provide, at tho ex pense of the ownera, an ollicer to reaide upon tlie laianda with power to Judge and ad uat dlaputea, and to entoroe ajual and hu mane treatmenl of the employea, It is Inex enaable that Ameriean taborera abould beleft w ithin our own Jurladictlon witbont accoaa to any government ollicer or trlbunalfor their proteetlon, and the redress of their wrongs. Tlm Oopyrlght I.aw. Internntional copyrlgbt has been secured, in aooordanoe with the oondltiona of theact of MarohS, 1881, with Belgium, Pranoe, Oreat Britaln and tlie Kritiah pneneaalnna. and Swilzerland, tlie laws of tbeae eountrles por mittlng to our cltlaena tbe benefit of oopyrtgbt on Bubatantlaily the same baaleaa to their own citi.ens or lubjeota. With Germany a secial convention has been negotlated upon this aub jeet, wbtoh will brlng tliat oountry within the rtciprocal benellts of our legislatlon. Free Trade vs. Pvoteotion. The nnancial department of the country baa been mueh augumented during tlie last year by reaaon of the oonflictlng predlotiona, w hieh aooompanied and followed tlie tarlff and otber legialatlon of the last oongreaa af feoting tbe revenuea, aa to tbe reaalta of thia legialatlon upon tbe treaanry and upon the country. On the ono bend lt was contended that Importa wonld ao fail off as to leave the treaaury bankrapt, and that the prices of arrlolea enterlng into the livlng of tbe people would be so enhanccd as to dangaronaly affect their oomforl and bappiiiess, while on the otber it was afgued that tbe loei to tlio rovo- nue, largely tbe reeult of piaolng togar on tne free llit, would be a dlrect gain to the people; tbat tbe prioea of tbe neceaaarlaa of life, in- oludlng those most highly proteoted, would not he enbanoedl tbat labor would have a larger market, and tbe produota of the farm advanoed prloeai while the trensury surplua and reeeipls would lw ailequato to moot the apprnprlattona, Inolvdlngthe btrgeexeeptlonel expenditurea for the refunding to tho statea of tbedlreot taxandtbe redemptlon of tho 414 per cont. bonds. Treusiiry Rtntlstir. It Is not my purpose lo entor at letlgth Into a dlaeuaalon of tbe affieota of tho legialatlon to which I have referred; hut a brlef exaiuina tlon of the statisties of the treasuryand a geB" eralglanoeal tho state of husiness tbrougb out the oountry will, I tblnk, aatlaf y any im partlal Inqulrer that its reanlta have disap pointed tho evll propbeclea of its opponents and iu a largo measure reali.ed the hopeful predlotiona of its friende. Hareiy, ir ovor, be fore in the hiatory of tbe eountry has there been a tima when tbe prooeoda of one day lalw.r or iho produot of one farinod acre would purchase so large an au nt of those thlngs that entor Into the living of the maaeaeofue people. 1 beliave that a fuli teel wlll devclop thefaettbal tho tarlff eot of the Fifty-flrat congioss is very favorable Iu lls average effcct 011 Ihe prieos of articlos onteringiuto cominnn use. Our Forelgn t'oiniiieree. During the twalva months from Oot 1, 1800, vi Bept. 80, 1881, the total value of our forelgn Minineree linports aud oxports comhlnud) was $l,T47',Ktai,eu, whieh was the largual of any year in Ihe hiatory of the United States. Tho wrgeat ln any provloua year was In 1KHU, when our oommeree amounted to l,64T,188,daB, and tho last year exeeeds thls euornious aggregato by over oae bundaed iniiiions. lt is iutorost- Ing, and lo .,hm wlll he surpi lslng, to know tbat during the year cnding Sept. ao, ISUl.our Importa of merohandlaa amounted to ; 7 1.',. 2Tn, whieh waa an Inerease of more tlian eleven million dollars over the value of the importa of the oorreaponding nioiithsof the precediug year, whon the importa of men haudlse were unusiially large, lu mitielpatlou of the tarlff logislatlon Ibeu ponding. The average annual valuo of tbe luiporU of nierchaudlso for tbe ten yoars from 1881, was 888M10JW, aad dur ing tlie year onillng Sepl. 80, 1881, tbla annual average wasexceeded by ti:J,UK,alR. FreeInipor1a. Tlie value of free Importa during Iho twelve iDonths audlng Bept, 80, 1881, was lllli.088.IIOT, more tlian 'he value of free importa during the eorrea ponding t weive moal hs of tbe pfajioedlng year, and there was during the same periml a Aei reaea of 81n,MflW8 in the value or importa ofdiitiahle merehaiidise. Tbe pereentage of mereliandi-e admitied free of duty during the year to Wbleb I have referred, Ihe llrst, under the new tarlff, was 4s. IS, white during the pre cediug twelve mnnths, under the old tarlff, the pereentage was 8tJT, an tnereaee or 18,81 por cent. if wo tako tbe slx months eiullng Sopt. RJ last, which covers tbe tinio during whlch siigars havo la-en admitted free of duty, the por cont of value of meiv haudlse iluported free gf duty le foa&d to be V:iT. Whfob isalarger pereentage of free Importa tban darlng any prior flseal year lu tlio hlstorv ot tho govern ment. TarllT Nol Oppreaalve. If we turn to exports of merohandlso the statisties are fttllof gratltlcatlon. Tho value or sueh exports or iiierehnudise ror tbe twelve months eluling Sept. :!0. Islll, was $IW.I,ll"l,i;t8, while for tho oorreaponding pieviooa twelve monihslt waa 8880,177,118, an inerease of ti!,- 814sfl8l, wbich ia nearly three ttmeathe aver age aiinual inerease of exports of inerehau- 8ia for tbe preoedlng Iwenty years; tids ox- eeede In amount and value the exports of mer ehaiidise during any year ln tbe liisiory of the goveruuient. The llu rease in Ihe valuo of ex- potla of aerrfouHora producta during tho year referred to over the oorrogpondlng twelve montha of tho prior year was $45.:il(1.l7, w hllo the inerease in tho value of exports waa 81, Kil.:.'40. Thero is certalnly nothing in the con- dition of trade, forelge or domaetlo, there la oertalnly nothing in the eonditlon of our peo pte of any olaea, le aoggeet that the existing tarilfand revenue legislatlon laars oppres alvel) upon tbe people or rotarda tba commer clal developuient ol' tlie nation. ieneral Frofcperity and t.'niitentnient. lt may bu axgUad tliat our eonditlon would be better if our tarlff legialatlon w ere upon a free trade baaiai hut il oannoi i' daniedtbat all the BOttdttioni of pMeperity and of general oontentmeai are preaent in a larger degree tlian over before iu our biatory, and tliat, too, Just wbeu it was prophealed tltey would be ln tlie woratatate, Agitation for radieal oha&gee bi tarlff aud finaneial iegialation oannothelp, but may lerioualy impede husiness, to tbe proaperlty of wl leb some degree of atabllity in legialatlon ia ee entlal, thlnk there are oon clusivu evideneea tliat tlie new taiiff has cre ated several great Industrles whlch wlll, witbln a few yeara, give employmeni to aev eral huudrod Ibonaand Amerloao workingmen and wonsen. Inviewof tlie eomewhal over- Drowded oondlttna or the labor market of tbe United Btatae, every patrlotio oitisen abould rejoiee at sueh u result, l.ast ITettr'a Revenn4M and Kxpensea. Tbe report of the secretary of the treas nry ibowa that the total receipta of the government, from all aources, for the fla eal year ending Jnne 80, 1801, were 8468, 54A,888,08, while the expenditurea for the same period were 8431,804,478.46, lenving a siirplns of 887,889,762.07. Tbe reccipts of tbe Becal year ending June 80, actual and eatimated, are 8488,000,000, and the ex pendlturee 8400,000,000. For the fi.scal year ending June UO. 1898, the eatimated re eeipte are 84AB,886,'i5U, aiul tho expendi tures $441, 300,096, Silver HuIMon. Wlth regard te the propheciea of thcantl- silver men, that the coinage of i'!.000,000 per montb wotthi creatdisaster,tlicy were not wlde of ihe mark. Tbe preeident says that ho is still of the opinion tliat the freo Ooinage of eilver, under existing condi tions, would dianatroualy affect our busi Intereata nt home and abroad, and that we eould not hope to maintaln an equality ln tbe pnrchaaing power of the gold and silver doll.ir in our markete, and in forelgn trade the stainp givea no added value to the bnllion conlained iu coins. Tbe producera of the country. its fartners and laborers, have the higheat intereat tbat every dollar, paper or coin, la aued by the government, aball be a.s koo1 as any otber. If there is one less valuable tlian another, its Bure attd i sonatant errand will be to pay them for their toil and for their crops. Our Silver - Kxports Kedueed. After eompariug our silver standard with Bngland'a, and referring to the re ctuction of tbe export f domeetle eilwer during tlie paal year, the prealdent suys: Tbe produoera of silver ara entltled to your oonatderatlon. but tbey ahould not forget that thegovernmenl is now buyingand pnttlngont of the market what is tlie equivalont of the entlre produot of our silver mlnee. Thisls more then they themaelvee tbougbt of aekmg two years ago. believe lt is the earneat do aire of a great majority of tlie people, aa it ia mlne, that a full coin uae shall be made of all ver just as Boon as the co-oprrnt ioti of otber oatlone oan be aeoured and a ralio tlxed that will give olroubktion equnlly to gold and silver. Tbe bualneea ot' the world requlree the uae of both inelals; hut 1 do not see any prospect of gain. but mueh of lo.-s, by glving up tho pros ent ayetem, iu whieh a full uae la made of old and a large uae of silver, for oue in which sil ver alone wlli olroulate. Buob an event would be ai onee fata) to the further progreaa of the silver movement. JCurope M'ants Silver. The trne friendaof silver wiii ho oareful not to overrun the goel and briug Its silver mone- tlaatloa, with tlie neoeeeary attendant losa of onr gold to Burope, and the rellef of tbe pres- sure there for a larger currency. I have en deavored, by the uae Of offtoial and unotlleial egenoiee, to keoii a oloae obeervatlon of tho Btate of publlo aentlmenl in Bhirope upon tids queation and have nol found it tobeauoh ius to just ity iiiq iu preparlng an Internelional uon feranoe. There is, bowever, 1 ain sure, a growing aentlmeni in Bnrope iu favorofu larger use of silver, and 1 know of no more elfectual way of promoting this sentimeut tban by aoouuLulating gold here. a aoarolty of gold iu tbe I'hiropeau renervos will he the moal pereuaelve argumeni for tbe use of silver. The prealdent alludea to tbe retlrement of Beeretary Prootor from the oahinet, and aayethat his report exhibtted the restiits of an intidligetit, progivsHive, and husiness like adminiatratlon of a department wbloh has bceu too mueh rcgardedas one of inere routine, The aeparatlon of Beeretary Prae tor from the department byreaeaaof hia appointmciit as a aenator from the atata of Vermont as a aource of great regret to him and to his oolleaguee IntheeaU aet,andba waa anre it was to all those who havo had husiness wit h the depart Dtent under his ehnrge. ln t he adiiiiin-! ra UOU Of ariny all'airs some eepeotally good work has been ai eomplisbed. The eflorta of t be aeoretary to reduee t he peeoentage of desertions by removing the eauiMMI that promoted it have been so auoeeaeful aa to enable him to report for the last year a lower pereentage of deeertion tban haa been before reaehed iu tbe biatory of tho anny, Tba raaultlng monayaaWagia eo8 sideralde, bttl Ihe ImprOVMUenl in I be nior- ale of thaenliated men is the moet valu able lnetdent of the reforma wbloh have broUgbt about tliis result. Our llurbor llefvnsea. The work of KOOUring sites for akON bat teries for harbor defense aud tlie iiianu facture of mortars and guns of high power to eiiuip t hem have made good progresK dttring the year. Tlie preliiiiinary work of betta and plans, which bo long dclayed a atart, ia now out of tbe way. Some guue have been completed, nnd wltb an en iHiged shop and n more eomplete eqnlp menl at WatervHet tbe ariny wlll soon be abreaat nf the navy in gun conatruotion. Peneletta and Baeorda. The great work done In the rernrd and pen alon divlslon of the department by Malor Alnsworth nf the niedli al eorps.and the clerka under him, is entitled to honorahlc mentlon. Taklngupthe work with nearly 41 ,nl casea bebind, he closed the last Becal year wlthoiita single case left over, tliough the new rases had iuereased 8S por cent. ln number over the i Btavloua year bv reason of the penslon leglsla- 1 i,., ,.r .k Tbe pivsident concnrM in the recom mendation of the attorney general that tbe rlgjht in felony cases to a review by tbe Hiipreme court be llpjllgd The f hloeae Fxeliialon Aet. The enforeement by the treasury depnrt mcnt of the law prohlhiting the eoining of the Chlnese to tbe United States has beon effec tive as to sueh as seok to land from vessels en- terlngtour potta, The reanli haa botntodi vert tbe travel to veeeebi enterlng thoportaof Britlab OolumUa, whence passage into tbe United States at obscure points along tho Domiulon boundary is easy. A very conslder- aide number at ChSneaa Laborvra have, during the past yaar, antered the United states from ( anadaand Mexico Tlie ollleors of t ho treaa ury department and of the department of Just iee have used every ineana at their oom mand to lntercept tbla Immigratlom but tba iinpossihillly of perleetly guarding our ex tended frontler is apparent. The Domlnion governnieiit eoUeeta a hend tax of $S0 from every Chlnaman enterlng Canada. and thua aatrtvea a oeneldemblaievaatie frem tboao who only use its ports to roach a peettfam of advan tage to ovade our exelusion laws. More KfTectlve I.aws Urged. There seeins to he satisfnetory evid 'nce tbal the husiness of pusaing Cbfnamen through Canada is organized and quite aotivo. Tha department of juatioe has eonatrued the lawa to require the retum of any c hlnaman found to be unlawfully in thia country to Chlna aa tho country from whieh he eame, notwlth rtandiag tbe faet that he eama to the United Statea-by way of Canada, hut aeveral of the j Uatriot OOUrta have, in cases brougbt liefore them, overruled tbla view of the law and de- j cided that sueh persons must be returned to anada. rnla eonatrnotion waa the law of all sffeotiveneaa, even lf the decree coold bo ex BOttted, for the men returned can the next day re-cross our borders. Hut tlw only appropria lion mado is for sending them back to Chlna and the Canadian olhcials refuse to allow tbem to re-enter Canada wlthout the payuient uf t he Soii head tax. I recommeud sueh legls latlon as will romedy tliese defecta in the law. Free Postal DeUvary, An approprietion was given by the last con ress for the purpose of inakiug some expori gtenteta free dellverytn tho smaller citlea Hid towns. Tlie reaulta of these oxperiments have hoen so Batisfaetory that the isistmaster geneeal reeommende, and I oonour in his reo ominendation, tbat the free delivery system he extended to towns of .hhm population. Hia dlaoUBslon orthe inadeiiuate faeilities extended under our preaent system to rural communl tleeand his suggestions with a view to glve ibeee 'eommnntttaa a fnller parttolpatlon ln tbe banedrta of the postal aervioe, are worthy ot your oarefnl eonaideration. It is not just that tlie faxnwr, who receives his mail at a neighhorlng tow-n, should not only be com pelled to eend to the poBtoflloe for it, but to pav a eonaiderable rant for a hox iu which to plaee it, or wait his turn at a general delivery window, while the clty resident has his mall brought to his door. ln the Interest of I.aw and Order. Tbe preeident oalla the attentlon of con gveae to tbe neeeeaity of eo extentHag the United States courta ae to make triable thcrein any felony comniittcd while in the aet of violating a 'awof the I'nited Statea. These courta cannot have tbat independ ence and effectiveneea which the constitu tion contemplatea so long aa tho felonloua killing of court oflieers, jurors and wtf eaeee in the dfaeharge of thefr dwtlee, or by reaaon of their aote as sueh. is only cognisable in the state courts. Tbe work done by the attorney general and tbe offi-cei-s of his department. even under the preaent Inadequate Iegialation, has pro- duced suine notable results in tlie iutcreet o law and order. Mmlifled I'se of Telegrnpll. It laetoted that over M.KW neighhorbooxls are, uii'ler the preaent ayetem, reoeiving mall ai poetofBoee wbere money ordereand postal notes are not issued. The extension of thiB system to theso comniunities is especlally desirable, as tho patrons of sueh ofHces are not poeaeaaed of tbe otber faeilities offered inmore popuioua oommnnittea for ihe treneportatlon of small sums of inonoy. I have, in a message to the precediug eongress, expressed my views as to a moditled use of the telegraph iu con- neotion wlth the postal aervioe. Buraau of IihIIhh Atl'alrB. The report of the secretary of tbe in- tarjor shows that a very gratifying pro- gress haa laxn made in all of the bureaua whieh make up that oomplex and dlfSoult depart ment. The work in the burcau of Indi.iu alTairs wns perhape never so large as now, by reason of the luimerous nego tiat ions w hieh have been procecding with tba tribes for a reduotlon of the reeervar tions, wlth the tneldenta of labor maklng allotments, und was never more earefully QOndueted, The provision of adequato Ifihoo faeilities for Indian cbildreu aud the looating of adult ndlana upon farma, Involvea the BOlution of the 'Indian quea tion." Our Navy of the Future. The report of the secretary of the navy ahowa a gratifying inenwae of new naval veaaele in oommiaaion. Tbe Newark, Con cord. Bennington aud Mbuitoaomah havo been uililed during the year, with an ag gregato of eometbing more tban ll.OOt) toii.-. Twenty-fotU war ships of all eliusses are now under const ruction iu the uavy yarda and privata ahopa, but, while tho work upon them is golng forward satis factorily, tbe eompletlon ot the more im portant vessels will yet reOJUiM about a year's tiinc. Siune of the vessels under oonatruotion, it ia believed, will ie tri- umpbs of naval cngineering. Wnen it is recollected that the work of buildinga mode navy was cnly initiatisl in tho year lss:j, tliat our naval oonatruotora and ship- bulldera are praotloally witliout experi- cnce in tbe construction of large iron or atae) ships, that ourengine ahopa were un- familiar with great niarine engines, and tbat the manufaetnre of ateol forginge for guns and plates was almost wliolly a foreign Industry, tbe prognss tbat has been made is not only highly satisfactory, but fnrniahea the aaauranoe that the I'nited Stat.cs will hefori' hmg uttain au- premaoy. A 1'rohlem to Solve. With regard to the luto Indian troubles on tbe Sioux reaervatton the president eye tbat the rebttion ot the ihe civilized tribes now oocupying tbe Indhin Terrltory to the I'nited States is not oaleulated to promote tlie liighet advaneeuieiit of theso RKliana. That there sliould be wttbln our bordera Qve Independenl states, baviug no relatlon, exoepi those growing out of Ireaties, with the government of tbe United states. no reproeonlatlon in the uutional legislature, its people not citi aena, la a etarallng aaoanaly, it arnma to be inevitable tbat there shall be before j hmg some oagaalo changea in the relation of Chcse people to the United States. What