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VERMONT WATCHMAN & STATE JOURNAL, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 31, 1892.
Jfarm anb (Barton, Addresi all hiulrles Ot rotiiinuntenttoni tn relntlon to BKrloultiirp to ))H. T. 11. RoMtMi Newport, Vt. Ddltoi-inl Jiotliigs. " An old Friend " of this Dcpart tuenl of thc paper, (who alao Btyles liinisclf " an admirer of Iho wny in which it i conducted"), asks us why, at this time, we do not give expreBsion to our idcas M a " protecliouist deruo crat." Ile says he is a " protecllonist repulilicau," and wants to see "hoW ve differ, nnd wherein wo agree on this very important question." Wk must be allowed to say, in rcply to this friend, that we arc lather doubt ful whethcr during a hcnted presideu tial eativass is the best timc to discuss iu a uon-political way any qucstiou wliich is a peudiDg iesue, liable to arouse controvcrsy. There can be no iucBtion tbat ruen of very bigb ability takc an tagonistic positious in this matter. It is also pretty certain that bcfore the public few of thcm utter their whole minds wliile eugnged in discussing sci entiflc questious which are for the tiiue political issues. In conversing, frotn time to time, with fricnds who hold to either one side or the olher of this mootcd qucs tion, we Oad nlruos'.. none who take a full-eyed and frank view of the great fact that the United States constitute, on this contineut, a grand free-trade lcague; substautially sucli as would exist in Europe if the nations of that coutinent should entirely abolish their antagonistic tariff laws for a tariff is commercial war. If our two neighbor ing peoples, north and south Canada and Mexico should by commercial treaties combine with the United States, trade would be entirely free on this continent. Therc would be no "shackles on trade " in North America. Now, as a New Eugland farmer, we are sure that this state of things is uot for the present interest of our agricul tural class. If New England were an independent nation, with its own tariff laws, and as such a strong protective tariff were enacted, covering all the staple crops of our agriculture, who can doubc that there would be a prompt and great advance in the value of New England farms? Not only that, but the iruproved market would put a high premium on improved farming. No man, with this great market assured to him at his own door, could fail to see tbat he should take advautage of it to the full extent of his ability. THE queer thing which would im mediately become appareut would be that our commerci.il and mauufacturing classcs would at ouce cry aloud for free trade, as they did more than half acen tury ago iu England. The idea of pro tecting mere farmers clod-hoppers, in fact would appear to thern as the most preposterous of all economic fallacies. Protectiou for " infant industries " could not bo made so elastic as to be sprcad out and cover the oldest of all industries. It is a very sad thing to have to confess that in no possible sense of the word can farming claim governmontal protectiou on this ground. are a " democratic protectionist " ? not, wo can give some more. If NEVEBTHELES8, the progress of eveuts iu England has fully justificd every claim of the Euglish protection ists. The decline of Euglish agricul ture is tnost evideut, and the uet nroflt from Knglish farm land is fast roachiug the vauishing point. Keuts have de eliuod, unlil the proudest noble fam ilies eveu that oue allied to royalty are putting their youug men into trade, as the only way of keeping up their wealth and position. To flll gaps causcil by the exterrniuatiou, through vice and dry-rot, of the old nobility, baukers, brewers and great merchants are being constantly ennobled. As for English agriculture, its position is now asBured at the tail-end of the national industries. England is fed by Amer ica, and clothed, bo far as the farming interest is conceruod, by America and AuBtralia. Now we are free to admit that there is no hope, as there is no expoctation, that New England farmers can be iu any way legally protected against the agricultural competition of the West. But they can be protected, and must be protected, from Canadian competi tion. Undcr our preBent tariff Cana dian competitors are being rapidly con verted into consumers of our farm pro ducts. InBtead of freight cars laden with Canadian farm products, we see every day trainloads of Canadian men and women enteriug New England to flnd work in our factories, aad thus becoming eonsumers of our crops, iu stead of competitors in our markets with their own. Why, only yesterday a Canadian not French, but English applied for the charge of our dairy farm, saying that he had been carrying on a farm in Canada " at the halveB," whete he could gct only flfteeu cents for his butter, and nothing for potatoes, horseB or cattle. He wanted to get on to the protected side of the line. Have we not given reasons enough why we O. W. Sanders, Montpelier, writCB lo ai in pffttM of a new Btyle of croatn ery, with a stcel tauk and glass caus, which he thinks is an iroprovement over wood and tin. We hopc the inanu facturors of this crcaniery will give our readers somo accouutof it iu our adver tising colutnns. Mr. Sanders scems to agree with Ut in thinking that the creaniery may still possess iidvantages over the separator, at leaBt on mauy farms. Ojr correspondjnt adds that the farming and dairying community are anxious to know more about the merits of the cream separator, and the beal way to handle milk; and will sean these columns for information thereon. They are open to all who can add to the Btock of geueral knowlcdge on this, aa on every other agricultural and hor ticullural question, and we will give such information a hearly welcome. The following question is ofTered for solutiou by Mr. S.inders: "IIow can we prepare the buller-worker so that the butter will not stick to it? Our ' better half says: ' Scald it thor oughly in boiling water for teu minutes; then plunge it in cold water until it is thoroughly chilled.' " Does auy reader know a better way? Mit. Sanders aays he has used a tin can creamery uearly four years, and at the end of that time the cans were all rusted out, the tank leaked, and the flooring under it moulded and became offeii8ive. The faucet tubes rusted through, and the whole thing became a nuisance. Is thisageneral experience, and is there no way of avoiding these evils? Let us hear from our readers on this subject. WK have taken pains to gather, from men who know, the facts more in detail in reference to the absurd seed distri bulions sent out by congresstnen in such an unintelligent, wasteful and in jurious mauner as has been noted in these columns. We are informed that the committee on agriculture of the present house of representatives took 830,000 from the appropriations to the Entomological, Botanical, and some other acientiQc divisions, in the bill as drafted, and added this sum to the seed-distribution fund, thus increasing the latter from 100,000 to .130,000. We sought and received this informa tion through a republican friend, who is in a position to get at thc facts, and have no doubt as to the truth of his statement. He adds : " Tnis is demo cratic reform I " llbbcrtiscments. It does not seem to us tbat this is, or can be made, a matter of party politics. The abuse originated very early in the hislory of this department at least twenty-tive years ago and is kept up solely by members of congress without rcgard to party. It is a cheap way of " complimeuting " ihe farmers or rather some of them, for there is uot nearly enough of the pork to go around and the fact lies with the whole body of congressmen, regardleBs of party. All iutelligent farmers undcr stand this, and they know, too, that it is one ol'the innumerable ways in which the public money is misapplied and wastcd. Why should one farmer in twenty be furnished with common gar den and farm secds in this way, instead of a careful distribution of novelties of supposed merit in an impartial and iu telligent mauner? If the national department of agri culture is to be made really useful in this manner and it might be the only right and impartial way is for it to send out the seeds, cions and cuttings, to the state experiment stations, there to be tested, and tbence distributed to every applicant, after careful trial, and to report thereof in the station bul letins. In order that this distribution Bhould be quite impartial, the agricul tural stations, through the agricultural colleges, after testing these novelties, should grow a sutliciency of the desir able oneB to give every applicant a chance to make trial of it. This can easily be done by a proper organiza tion, placing the central department, the agricultural experiment stationB, and the agricultural colleges, in close and permanent relations to each other for the public good. But this will nevcr be done, and abuses will continue and increase, until farmers' organizations take hold of the matter intelligently and energetically at the moment. We learn with deep sorrow, of the deatb of our old friend, Jonathau Eaw rence of St. Johnsbury the " Father of the Orange in New Englaud," as he has often been justly styled. Mr. Lawrence was an earnest and unseltiBh worker for agricultural progress in Vermont over a long period, being active in the institution of tarmers' clubs before the grange was thought of. No one ever knew him without recog nizing in him the benevolent spirit of nrogressive improvemeut in all that be loDgs to rural afTairs not only in Ver mont, but throughout the country. He had been working to the last, being on gaged in the preparation of a history of the grange in New England, which we fear he has left unflnished. Would there were more men like good Jona than Lawrence! Wliile Ttllbrmik Bofl of IVIayor Tillbrook of Mt.'K"csi(U-t, had a Hernfuhi Imnrh nnder oneeafwhioli Um puyiloM lanotd and thn it 1 fllt a runuliiK scire, and was fcillowcd ly eiyslprlas. Mn TlUbfOOk travc Idm Hood's Sarsaparilla tin soi'c licaled up. In hccuiM perfcctly well tnd Is DOW a livuly, FObOit hoy. Other nari'iiti whoM obttdrra tvBut tnvt Impnn wood shuuid proftt b this nmpia, Hood'B PlLLS ourt Babitwtl OomtlptHon iy roHtorhii: pcii.italtlc actlouof tliealiiiientiiry cnimL It Currfl Couehi, Colda, Sore Throat, Croup.Whoop ing Cough, Bronchitii nJ Aathma. Aci rtaincun- m ComumptioQ ia Brtl nnge. timi imrt rtiM In advanocd Tou will aee the exoellent effcct after taking the flrst dose. SuM t, v dealuri arjwbT' Lvge Holtlos, ovtiU aud tl.00. It Cuma InUuunza. Sucb m C0NDENSED f'Vcat Makes an everyday convenlence of an old-time luxury. Pure and wholesome. Prepared with scrupulous care. Highest award at all Pure Food Expositions. Each package makes two large pies. Avoid Imitations and insist on havlng the NONE SUCH brand. MERRELL & SOULE, Svracuse, N. Y, a i y Mr. F. STORV, Augusta, Me. Please Listen to an Old Soldier, FORTY YEARS A SUFFERER NOW CDKED, if i um .i)it)wc)i to Judge otben by myMlfi I Hiiy that 'viMyliay cun he pUNd. if yOU Only uso thc proper rt'iniMly. I liave, during my inuny years' BiiiTeriiij;. tried a great tnany dlrfervnt kinda t luedleliHs aii)l liavo also employea kixmI lMiynlelaiiH. Would 't reliet lo'r a short timc, but could not ueno to get perina- nentiy eured until 1 uied Orodert Botanlc OyMpephla Syrup, th6D at c I nntleed u Iuiiik-- ) thfl lirst place, it rculateri my conntipatbin troulle( and in a i-hort timo my itOtQMb began tt perform itfl work. My food dijfented, my headaclte dUnppeardr and all thc rcst of my troublcH, such as Kour Ktnmachi Heart burii, Falpltation ! tlie lleart, Ner voii8iieHH, ItlnatiiiK HpelU, Kidney Com plaint, uharp Plaurlsj 1'ahiH all through my body. I ani mtw, as you can mco, 111 eood HohU. and bealthy- tltankH to Uroder'H Srrun. Your rt'SDOctfullv. F Srouv. Augusta, Me. TO PROVE OUR FAITH IN THEMEDICINE, Jn and after Octobcr 1, 1891, we (?ive every per8iii -i Miii our Dlddtolne UM privileKe of twdliiii; 81" Imttles for 85.(10, and guanuitM that In case It does you no good jrou 0U recelve your inoney b'k. Iteiid KuarHiity wini every notiio. umuu lo gura VJw pepsla, Headachc, Soiir Momuuh, llearthurn, IvKliit-v oiiiplaint. iMMiialuia, im-'IH'sh afli-r eating, l'alpftation of the lleart, Collc, Ner- vousneHs, I.osk of Rleep, Dl.zlnenH, Irrt-gnlar-Ity of the Appntiti', l'leurisy PUMi Illoat, w" inii on the BtoDUMtai UaokiDg Coagb, and Constipatlon. And wliy wlli it curt'V Be cause It ia KelnxhiK. i'urlfyiiiK. SooHiIiik, aiul lleiblliiK. It Is contpounded from the purest roots and herhs, fiee from Aloobol or Morphia. It is harmless to the Hinallest chlld; children like it. and it is far superlor to Castor Oil and all other prepuratlons. Call for Groiler's llntHiilc Dyspepslti Syrup. None nnutM unlcss beaiiUK our trade-tuark, the Ileaver. THE 8R0DER OYSPEPSIA CURE COMPANY, WATKUVILL1C, A1AINK. MY SITUATION with L. G. Huriihmu A (!., Hotttou, wun aucurnd fur DMbjrlhi Hurdett ltiir,lneHH and Mtiort-haiiri Colleyo, KV4 WM&lOAton itruet, Hoatnu, after tfrau uatliiK fruiu that MutttUtlOQ. 0 B M1LLKTT, lluvurly, ManH. li i? 4 rrrr V PtoMli orKaiii, ff;'3 uji. Want lll iil III AKeritn. CtttaloKuu free. Dau 11K. Heatty, WathluKtoa, N .). bbcrtistmcnts. SANFORD'S Ginger TtimCT GRATEFUL muoi and comfort. ing of warming stomachics, it qucnchcs thirst, warms and strengthcns wcak stomachs, promotcs digcstion, prcvcnts chills, deslroys disease gertns in water drunk, eradicates a craving for intoxicants, and protects the system from contaious influences. Containin Among its ingreilientt the tur eit of me.hcinl Frcnch brandy and tlie best of Inporttd giliifer, it ii vastly IttpMliN to the BhMpi wjrthleit, and oflen danserous cineers urced i subititutcs. Ask for iiAN-FORD-S OtNOBR and look for owl trade mark on tne wraper. Sold cverywhere. Torpid Liver. Symptoms. Uneasiness, or sense of weight on the ri(;ht side, pain at the top of thc shoulder and under the shnulder. bladc, sallnw complcxion, capricious appetite, irrcgular bowels, etc. Whatever weakens the stom ach and bowels, or impairs the general health, may cause liver disease. The state of the liver is the index of the man. There is a remedy which arouses the organ from a condition of dis ease to one of healthy activ ity. It is prepared from roots, barks, and herbs; simple, harin less, and unfailing, called Kickapoo Indian Sagwa $1.00 a bottle. All drupplsts. Kickapoo Indian Salve heals sores, ulcers, piles. 35 cents. v3 1 1 p1 m 1 U Inw " IT WILL rlrlvA thfi hiimnr frnm 1 vnn cvctnTH onrl mrilrn vrnir flkin ; cleanandsmooth. ThosePimplosand I jiloioues wmcn iiinr your ueauiy aru causcd by IMPURE BLOOO. Tlif.i7 (an rA roronvnd In a cbnrt. time, lf you aro wise and use thc great Diooapunner, suipnur uitters, TRY A BOTTLE TO-DAV. Why surler with Boils P Why rave with that terriblo Headache ? Why lay and toss on that bed of pain with RHEUMATISM? Use Sul phur Bitters. They will curo you whero all others fail. The dose is small only a teaspoonful. TRY IT and you will be satisiied. The youne, the aged and tottering are soon made well ty its use. Remember what you read here, it may savo your life, ithasSAVED HUNDREOS. If you are suffering from Kidney Disease, and wish to live to old ace. use Sulphur Bitters. They never fail to cure. iiei it of your Druggist. DON'T WAIT. CET IT AT ONCE. Sulphur Bitters will cure Uver Complaint. Dou't bo discouraged; IT WILL CURE YOU 4 Send 3 2-cent ntampti to A. I. Ordwav & C'o., Bostoa, Maaa., for beat medlcal work publishtd Zem Entirely TQ? 0IVEGETABLt MANDRAKEl and A SURE CURE FOR C0STIVENESS Biliousness. Dyspepsia, Indigestion, Diseasesof the Kidneys,Torpid Liver Rheumatism, Dizziness, Sick Headache, Loss of Appetite, Jaundioo, Erup tions and Skin Diseases. MN tSc. piT bottle. 8old ly all Drugk'lsta Um, MroOI tnyt , 6n-linyh'ii, Vl. JAPANESB CURE A new aiul t'outplete Treatineut.eouHistlUKof Bup fii(ltorle(i, (Mntiueiit ln CitpHiiles, hUo In BOXI a 'oslttve Cure fnr Kxternal' Interual, lilliid or BlM4 Ing, ltehliiK. Chronlc, Heeent or HeredlUry 1'llea, and mnuy other diseases Hnd fenmle weaknesaes: it is alwnvs h areat heueflt to the Keneral health. The first dlscovery of a medieal eure renderiu au opera ttou with the kidfe uuueeestmry hereatter. This Heuiedy has never been kuown to fail. flperbox. iiforllA; aent hy inail. Why sulfer frum this terrl ble dfseaBe w lieu a wrltteu Kuarautee Is postttvety irlvou with t boxea. to refund the niouey lf uot cured. Heud stttim) for free Hainplt'. (iuarautee is uedoidy by I.KSTKK H. (IKKKNK. DriiKKlat and Bolu AKeut.'.'S State street, Montpelier, Vt. Heud for iittuplea. Two Fonllsh t'ows. One tlay a Jerney linifer, Walklnn tlinmgli a paitttN aiiiall, Met. a Bliortliorn cow n (MdlDg Wliere tlie Kra.HH Krew IWMt ai.il tall. Hrltflit and prett.v wat the Jer.sc , Lobg hlf padigTM aud neat; Kt Hinl HWkward was tlie Sliortlinrn, I.ike a rDOaOttlD ImlU of meat. And thu Sliortliorn atopped her feedinft As tin Jersey w.indereil near ; " Here ia grass," alie said, "in plDt) : Iit us eat tngetlier liert!." Ilttt the Jeraey HiMHKcl lier Dose up In the DHMl pfOYOktBg way, Aiul alie Hrid " I tliauk JTOU kinilly, But I think I will not Htay : " I am lilRher lrecl tlian you, marui, And I think you will agree I Hliould Iomc my Hocial (tUdiDg In your low nociety." Thcn the Sliortliorn snorted liercely, For bu pride waa deeply hurt ; And alie said, " A rlRht good rlddance, When you go, you little Hlrt. " It is true vour goldtH butter Is a pretty tliing to see, But wliat elso, Miss, are you good for? There is notuinji, 111 agree ; " For men caunot live on butter ; They would qulckly come to grief If fat ladies, such as I am, Didu't keep them up with beef." So tlie Sliortliorn and the Jersey Stood and .ti.-n.-.i loud and long. Each one triod to prove the other Was entirely iu tlie wrong, Till at last they fell to flghtiDg, And the Jersey's unbelief Full away liefore the puhtng Of the Miorthoru's solid beef. And she llmpad away in silence, Feellng very tuean and small, Wliile the Sliortliorn was so anry That she could not eat at all. You will say, " What foolish creatures ! 1 So they are but tell me, pray, Can we not tlnd human beings Who are just such fools to-day ? Farms aml Ilomcs. Clipprd and Condeused. Fekd at regular hours and a regular atuouut if you mean to have steatly growth. It is estimated that 30,000,000 of our 4.5,000,000 sheep are west of the Mis sissippi. Wk feed the steer for beef and the dairy cow for milk; why uot feed the horse for muscle? Few men can stand sudden prosper ity. Many have been.ruined by big re turns in epeculations. Fon walking, trotting, strength and disposition it is just as necessary to have the farm teaiu evenly matched as the driving team. If you only wish to keep over a small number of stock hogs, yet desire to be sure of a goodly number of pigs, better put your faith in old sows. It is natural for sheep to be led, and not driven. A shepherd in the old country never drives sheep. "They know his voice and they follow him." THE woods pasture in the fail is a healthy place for the hogs, and they will pick up ruuch food there that could not possibly be used in auy other way. We would cautiou all orchardists aguinst using so dangerous a thing as tarrcd paper for auy purpose, where it comes in conlact with the bark of auy tree. Mki.ons were called canteloupes from beiug cultivated at Canteluppi, a villae near Itome, where they had been introduced by missionaries from Armeuia. TnKHK iB no doubt that a large share of the hysterical girls, and the boys who have a tendency to inebriety, owe their condition to the tobacco hab its of their fathers. THK most important point in hog raising is the proper selectiou and matiug of the parents; healthy nnd per fect oh'spring caunot be expected from imperfect pareutage. THE American Cotswold Hecord As sociation will give St00 in cash prizcs for Cotswolds in the breeding and fat stock show classes of the World's Co lumbian Expositiou. WlTH half the atteutiou paid to the developmeut of draft aud farm horses that is paid to trottiug and running horses there would be more money in the horse business geuerally. The scrub horse has a mission, He is needed by men who think it neces sary to jerk on the lines every time they want to turn, and kick the horse when they want him to stand over. Do you know that farming is the most important occupation of man? Do you know that it requires more ability to properly take care of a farm than of any other kind of business? PnoKESsoK W. A. Henky found by experiment that it cost 89.61 to pro duce a hundred pounds of gain with larabs, and $3.03 to secure tho saine gain with pigs of about the same age. A oooD judge can usually tell whether a horse is iutelligent and hon est by looking at him. Still some horses, like eome men, conceal a treacherous disposition by au honest face. The horse needs a full feed just as ofteu as the owner does. Professor Sanborn's experiments " seem to show that a rather large ration of grain for work horses is an economical one." Of eourse. Have capitalists a right to seize laborerB to coerce thcm into coutracts dictated by capitalists? Or have labor ers a right to seize capital and coerce capitalists into contracta dictated by laborers? Keei' the boar in a lot by himBelf, aud turu the sows in to him at a proper time, instead of permittiug them to run together promiscuouBly, and you will avoid the trouble of small litters and small pigs. It is not work that kills, but worry. It iB not the revolutiou that destroyB the machinery, but friction. Work is good for the soul, good for the body and good for the mind. If you want to Btaud well with yourself aud the world, and want things to go right in your home and your business, do not worry. To rai-ic gnod horses and keep them looking well and in good life, we must not work the life out of them, cspc cially not load thrm too heavy. That is whnt makes old horses out of too many colts. No one hns ever accomplished suc eess iu uny branch of life's work with out close ppliOAtlOfl nnd unremittiny; toll. The difinition of g'enius some one has given is a wiilingiicss to take in dafloitt palns. Some men will sell their best cows if they can get a few dollars more for them than the poorer oncs are worth; this is cqual to pulling up the big stnlks of corn so that the little onos will have a chance lo grow. ThERI is no ilaee where brains are more needed ihat) on thc farm, and the farmer is the most important mnn in all the relations of life. He is the man who whitens old ocean with the com merce ol the world. For curing pork new, clean barrels are best. If a barrel is ustd the sec ond time cleanse thoroughly, for if a suspicion of taint is about it the meat will be spoiled. Molasees barrels well wn?hed may be safely used. THERE are some farmers and writers for farm papers who have declared that it was a mistake for farmers to allow the manufactuie of milk into butter and cheese to leave the farm. Time may show that they were right. Have you good cowb? Do they pay you well for the feed you give them and the time speut caring for them? If not, why not begiu to investigate the subject with a view to finding out which cows are good ones and which poor? Oveh one-half of the nursery Btock planted iB generally lost by neglect, and it is probable that fully half the crop of fruit is lost from the same cause. Young trees should be well cultivated and sum mer fruit picked in season anddisposed of at once. BonrtowiNo often makes hard feel ings among neigbbors aud even some titnes estranges Iriends. We all know families that borrow everything from a cup of tlour to your sewing machine; and it is proverbial of many borrowers that they return nothing that they bor row. " Old POP Cokn " will be on hand at the Columbian Exposition. The sum of .'?2")0,000 in solid cash has been de posited by twenty-five separate bidders, each placing a certified chcck for 810, 000 as an earnest of his good faith and intention to pop good corn faithfully. The committee has had an offer of 875,000, spot cash, for the pop-corn privilege. Over 943,000,000 pounds of wool were sold in the four great wool markets of the world last year. London, which is the largest market in the world, sold 573,200,000 pounds, Melbourne 117, 000,000 pounds, Boston 153,000,000 pounds, and Liverpool over 100,000,000 pounds. At a farmers' institute in Wiscousin, last winter, the wall was decorated with a llag on which was nicely lettered " The Horse is Kiug and the Cow is Quecn." Theo. Louis, upon taking the platform at once remarked: " That is al true, but where is the hog? He is t!i- hanker.'' Even on ood pasture some cows will pay for a lot of meal if fed to them right: fed in the morning they go to the fleld rather iudiffertut as to the grass, eat a little and lie down, but fed at night they go to the Ueld with good appetiteB and tiil up with grass before they lie down. WHEN thc weather gets hot the cows sulTer more or less, aml the effect on tin milk yield is appareut. While we cati't keep the cows entirely comfortable in very hot weather, we can do much to rnakc such weather more bearable. A night pasture, when it can be pro vided, is a great help. In rich ground, stich as good ganlen soil, tbe weeds start readily and grow rankly. Iu a week or two, if left to their own will, they uot only rob the growiug crop, but become more ditli cult to get rid of. The right time to take them is when they are just peep ing through the surface. Whoeveb is loyal, honest and true, and is affable and humane, whoever is honorable, in himself, and in his judg ment of others, requiring nolaw but his word to make him fullill an engage menl, such a mau is a geutlcman, and Bcores of such individuals are found uuioug " tillers of the soil." Those especially interested in em ploying farm labor, aud close observers of the labor problem the country over, know that it is much ot the time the case that really desirable farm labor is Bcarce. From current stateruents it Boems that other agricultural countries are iu aomewhat the same flx. SOTJTHERN hard pine is credited with the highest fuel value percord among a large number of woods chemically ana lyzed, and pitch pine (p. rigida) the highest by weight. Equal weights of hard and soft woods aft'ord about equal amount8 of heat, but resinous woods yield more than tlie non-resinous. A hen-iiouse, whether or not in fested with lice, should be aunually white-washed inside with the following solution: To each gallon of whitewash add six ounces of crude carbolic acid, and then whitewash the entiro inBide and all its apparatus with the solution. This will give two very important re sults act as a disiufectant and destroy all lice. THE horse cars use up horses faster than any other agency, city or country. A horse lasts but from two to four years with them, and wheu it iB remem bered that they have been buyiug the class of horses that noone else wanted, it will readily be seeu that both the de rnand aud the price of this class of horses are likely to be still further de creased. Don't breed any more scrubsl Hucklen'8 Aunica Salve. The best Balve in tbe world for cuts, bruieea, sores, ulcers, salt rheum, fever Bores, tetter, chapped hands, chilblains, corns and all skin eruptions, and positively cures piles, or no pay required. It ia guaranteed to give perfect Batisfaction, or money refunded. Frice tweuty-flve centB per box. For sale by C. Blakely, Montpelier, Vt.