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THE VERMONT WATOHMAN.
VOLUME 87. SUPPLEMENT. NUMBEK Vermont Matcljmait. WKDNKSDAV, OCTO&BH IJ, W9flL Accohding to the reporl of the chief inapector of Masachusctts, " sweat shops" have boen wiped out in HoBton. Tliere has been a general cleariug-up in the clieap ihopi throughout the city. The law on this subject seema to have beoo justillcd by the menace to the gcn eral health which " sweat shops" hold out. Thk New York Snn thus commcnts 00 the recent aouthern clections: "There is no noiisense about southorn democrats. The South is solid." Yes; shot-guns, rotten eggs and false count ing have a tendency to lif sipate the op position and solidify the demoeratic parly. Moreover, there is no nonsense about these instrurncnts for intlueucing voters; they are quite serious affairs. Miis. HABBIBOM is reported to be much weaker than sbe was last week, and it is said that her disease is making rapid progress. Her death is thought to be but a questioti of tinie, and that not loug. The president is wilh her conBtantly. It is a ruost unusual occur renee that a president's wife Bhould be at the point of death during a great po litieal campaign. The event doubtleBB haa its iullueuce in making this carn paign far more free froni personnlitieB, and on a higher p'.ane, tlian any olher of recent yeara. Mh. Caunegie dld another generous act in preseuting to the town of Ayr, Suotland, a ruemoriat library, the coruer stone of which waa laid October 5. The gift was appreciated by the niass of eitizeus of the placc, buta fcw working men had the bad taste to groan and hisB. Of course Mr. Carnegie'a great sin, in the eyes of Buch men, is that he is rich. If he were poor (which is but another way of saying if he were a less able niau of busincss), he would be re garded as a " hail fellow, wcll tnet." Yet wealth has spoiled Mr. Carnegie less than it has affected most rich ruen. He is kind-hearted, geuerous and public apirited. The only wonder is that the ungrateful couduct of the men to whom he has been the wiseat benefactor and truest friend does not sour liis diapo Bition. THXBE is a big legal Qght in prDS pect in Massachusetts over the ques tion of the constitutionality of a law passed this year requiring railroad cora panies to sell mileage tickets good on any road in the state. Several coni plaints have been liled wilh the railroad cotnmissiouers, alleging that compauies had refused to sell such tickets. The commissiouers have aent letters to the companies, threatening to put the cases into the hands of the attoruey-geueral if the law continueB to be disregarded. That it will be disregarded there is no doubt whatever, as it coutains no pro viBion for Dnes or other punishmenl. The matter will soon get into the courts, and then the questiou of constitution ality will be subjected to the scrutiuy of which no one but an able lawyer is a perfect master. Thk memory of I'aruell has fast and loving hold on the liish people, who, on Sunday, the lirst anuiversary of his funcral, went out to the grave in nuru bers fully as great as those of a year ago. Floral tributes completely filled amemorial car und two carts. Bands were preseul to play solemu dirgea.the corporatious of Dubliu and Cork were in attendance, and an oratiou was de livered by J. J. O'Kelly at the grave. There was that about I'arnell, despite his faults, which could not fail to corn mund the admiration of a geuerous people like the Irish. He was a clear headed man, of irou will, and his devo tion to the Irish cause was palriotic and dialutetested beyond suspicion. The Irish sadly lack his leadership just now, when good management would very likely wiu a cousiderable measure of success. Genehai, Francis A. WALKKB'a plan for restrictiug immigratiou is wor thy of consideralion by congrcaa at its next Bittiug. II iB to require, after January 1, next, a depositof $100 from every alien entering thia country. In case a depositor leavcs the country wilhlu three years, the mouey is to be refunded, and it ia bIbo to be refundud at the end of tbree yeara if the depoB ilor, having remained in this country, is able to prove that he is a law-abiding and Belf-supportiug citizen. General Walker believea that this plan would do " ninety-nine huudredtbs of all we want done. It would do this with a minimum of coat aud atteudaut evila, aud do it eaaily, quickly, surely." II is probable that the plan would icbuU pr.icticallv in the prohibition of immigration by the worlhlcss and " dangerous " elements of Etirope and Aaia. Quotino the laat worda of Henan, the French philosopher, who dled a few daya ago, the Boaton Ktrord aays : " There could hardly be a more expliclt OODtradlotloO of the bulk of the theo logical writings of tliia emiuent man." Whnt Henan said was this: " Au re voir. We will seo each other again in some other place. I do not know in what form, but 1 am suro we Bhall meet again." What the liecord finds in this that is inconsiatent with the general skepticism of the man it is im possible to see. Henan did not deny a future state, in which souls will recog nize one another. Like Speucer, he merely asserted that to him it was un knowable. That he had a hope that there is soniething beyond, ia not at all irreconcilablc with a skepllcnl nlti tude. The latter waa a necesaity of his nature, which was scientific and imag inative alike a rarc combination. A tkkasuky ollicial said in an inter vie w, a day or two ago, that he could not understand why the price of silver kept going down as it has doue. " One would naturally imagine that when a lixed de mand was created, as was done by the act of July, 1890, for 4,000,000 ounces. a montb, the draft upon the aource of supply would tend tostiffen up prices." The ollicial said that this declino had been concurrenl with dccreased totals of offerings to the treasury. " The smaller the quantity, the less the price." Despite the latter fact, there is no ap prehension of a scarcity of silver. It is natural that while the markct price is falling the bullion ahould be held for a while. The explanatiou of the steady fall in price ia probably that the amount of ailver in the world, either above the aurface or in niiues, is far in excess of the demand forit. It is this fact which makes the work of the coming iuterna tional conference on bimetalism one of peculiar dilliculty. It will be a hard matter to lind a ralio between gold aud silver that will remain Dxed for any length of time. London again has something acan dalous to talk about. At the church congress, last week, Lady Frederick Cavendish aud the Duchess of Hedford callcd atteution to the prevalence of diunkeuness among aristocratic ladieB. Lady Cavendish asserted that it was now the fashion for some ladies to ac company the men to the smoking-room after diuner aud indulge in both cigars and liquors. She also stated that a dis tinguished physician had assured her that mauy ladies came to him to be treated for what waa very like dclirium tremens. The Luchess of Bedford thought the soi :il strain imposed on la dies in these days was the cause of their indulgeuce in liquors. The atatementa of these two ladies has mado a wide spread scnsation. One remarkof Lady Cavendish ia particularly noteworthy. It was that, while heavy drinking among men in London has been abandoned, the women are becoming inveterate tlpplers. These rellectious are probably deserved by only a small part of Lon don society a limited group of the " sruart aet," perhaps yet it is a state of things that is signilicaut of the fcver iBhness and recklesaness of life in every great city. The pressure is altogether too high. The democrats are unfortuuate in the matter of labor atatistics in the dif ferent commonwealths. Commissioner Peck, in particular, is a thorn in their aide, and his auuouncement of a sup plementary report is auythiug but pleas ing to the disciplesof theory. The fucta in the reports of the commissioners of statiatica of New York, Massachusetta aud ludiana, whatever their weakncsses, show general prosperity, increasing business and higher wagea. They prove that the country is doing pretty well, on the whole aud thatia enough to justify a hearty eudorsement of the policies of the rcpublican party. All that a rea 8onable persou cau ask in the way of buainesB iB steady improvement. In this conuection it ahould be said that the commisaioner of atatistics of New Jersey who, like the commissioners of New York and ludiana, is a democrat flnds that the number of new homea ealablished iu that state through build ing aud loau asaociations, in the past year, has been 2,700, the greater num ber being in mauufacturing towua whose industries are prolected by the lariff, as a rule. The dcposits in Bavings banks, also, have increased nearly $3, 000,000 during the year. Such facts are something more than clever manip I ulations of tlguros. Alfred Teiinyson. The poet laureate of Kngland dicd early Thursday morning. One of the physieians present said his death was the most glorious he had ever witnessed. There was no arlificial light in the room ; the bcams of the moon, pouring in through the window and failiug upoti the faco of the dying poet, gavc all the light that wa needed. He was unable to speak, but twice during the night he amiled to those about him. The end came so gradually and quietly that it was diflicult to tell the exact moinent. Lord Tennyson was the aon of a elcrgyman of Lincoln, aud was born on August 4, 180!). He was cducated at Tritiity College, Cambridge. In 18-J!) he received the chanoellor's medal for a pocm on "Timbuctoo" certainly a novel subject for a pocm. In the fol lowingycar, while he wasMiUan undcr graduate, he put lorth his (IrHt Tolutnc, entitled " I'oems, Chielly Lyrical," but it did uot attract niueh atteution. In 18:i2 came another volume, containing auch poems aa " The Miller's Daugh ter,""The May Queeu," and " Lady OlarS Vere de Vere." The book was scvercly criticisod, but some of its poetna became iopular. ll waa not uulil 18l'2 that (he next volume ap peared. It contained " Locksley Ilall " and a few of the poefs best knowu longcr poems. Fiom this time on Tennysou's popularity increased, and it htis never waned. In 1880( the year iu which "In Memoriam " appeared, aud alao the year in which he was ap pointed laureate, he raarrled Miss Era ily Sellwood. His last compositiou of itnportance was the drama of " The Foresters," presented for the tirst time at New York last winter. He was honored in many waya by thenation which he had sung about for sixty years. In 1881 he was raised to the peerage wilh the title of Baron Tennyson of Aldworth and Farring ford. The crowu also had conferred on him a pension of l'-200 in addition to his salary as laureate. The Uuiversity of Oxford gave him the degree of D. C. L. in 1855. Hia body will rest in Westminster Abbcy. The persouality of the mau waa what might be expected by a reader of his poems. He was reserved, thmightlul, aristocratic, perhaps a tiille affected. He did not give his frieudship to many, but it was greatly prized by those who possessed it. Above all men, he hated a crowd and being lionized. In per soual appeurance he was one of the moat striking and impressive men of the generation. The quality of his poetry which has been particularly observed is moral ele vation aud strength, touched by noble impulse, and expressed in dictiou of the purest melody. Not a poet of the world and of the masses, he waa a Brit ish poet who spoke for the best and higheat seniinient and purpoae of the " eea-girt isle." He was a consummate artist. In fact, the culture of Great Britain was well summed up in the man for whom that people and their children in America mourn to day. The Homeatead Caae. At Ilomcstead, Peuu., is takiug place an eveut which is perhaps more im portant thau auylhing which will occur in this country for years. Asuperlicial observer would say that it was a strike, becauae tlie Carnegie Company would uot pay certain wages to its employes. It is called by the harmless name "strike," the infereuce inteuded being that the men have simply Btopped work becauae the wages do uot suit them, as any man has a perfect right to do, if he gives a reasouable uotice. The rcal facts of the case, however, are that the former workmeu have organized into a slrong Becret society for the purpose of forcing their employers toemploy them on their own coudilious numcly, as union men aud at certain wages. II the force used were moral aud intellectual, the plau would have something to be said iu its defeuce. Such is uot the case, however. I'hysical force was used wjicu the works of the company were broken iuto aud the l'inkerton watch meu were preveuted from entering the premisea. I'hysical force waa used when uou-union uien were assaulted and driveu away. Physical force has been threatened all the time since the firat of July, as the presence ol sev eral thousand Boldiers and the fact that the newuon-union men were COmpelled to remain behiud the walls of thc es tablishmeut made plain. Aud now, once more, physical force has been eiu ployed iu its most diabolical form a boarding-house iu which forty or Ufly non-uniou men were sleepiug having been ahattered by a dynamite boinb, 41. early Fiiday morning. Such is thc ll uation. Thc former employes propofc to enforce their demands in whatseems to than the most effective way. One would Buppose, from what has occurrcd, that the men must, have been excecdingly il paid at the time of the baglnntng of thc trouble. Such a struggle surely should not be allowed lo lake place over trilles. Yet Uev. A. K. Winship, a well-known Massachu setts man, says: " With rcaaonable familiarity wilh the great industries of our land, having had special oppor tunilics for the sludy of steel plauts, I was amazed at thc grandeur of this platlt, At thc time of the strike more than three thousand men were at work, and the paymaster said to me that ' for some years there had been no man on the pay-roll who received lesa than a month, twonty-two days of eight hours, and vost uurabers re ceived from 900 to 700 per month.' " Again, Mr. Winship says: " Who are the new men? One whom we con versed with has been for ten years a practiciug physician in I'itts burg. He saw thc salaries and the light hours, aud he decided. The S7.000 or I8000a year, wilh no arjfciety and no establishment to run, was more temptlng than a life-time struggle in his profcssion; and, with his trained tnind, in eight days he was master of the situation. Another had studied medicine; but he concluded that the Carnegie works, which gave him all his evenings with his family and a large assured salary, was more lo his liking than pills and plasters. Very many of the otlice clerks aud book-keepers have doubled their wages by exchanging dirt fordickey." Statements like these will compel many men to revise their ideas of the condition of things at Hoiuestead and the issues involved. Snmmar; of Ncws. Vt'rmont. One to three inrhos of snow fell at, Watnr- bury last week Wedneaday night. Hon. Krank Plumi.ky of Northfield haa gouo to Mlohlgan to maku a few BpoAObM iu the aampatgHa Mr. 1)ii.i.knuack, furmerly editOI of the Rutland Herald and reoently editor of the Proyidenoa Ttiegram, has taken the nosi- tioa of maiiaging editor of the lioston Post. HABRT I'kakk, a veteran wbo died at tlio boldiera1 Home, rooantly, was ngei atnetr years. Ife wus a memlier of Co. G, Nlntli Vermont regiment, and was over sixty years old when he enlisted. He was born in Randolph, but came to the home from Washington about a week previona to hts duath. , The hurial was in tlio Soldiers' Home eemetery. Thb seventh annnal reunion of the Wind ham County Vetrani' Aaaooiation was held at Brattleboro, Satnrday afternoon and even Ing. with an attendanee of about 2M veter- ans. At thn business meetiug Colonel H. K. Tayloi of Brattleboro was eleeted presi dent, M. I). Wliitman of Putney, vice-pres-detit, and 1.. It. Hailey of Putney, sueretury and treasurer. It was voteil U) hold the next meetlnft at Putney. At the camptlre iu the eveuing 'olonel George W. Hooker presided, and speeches were made by Ciov einor Kuller, Depaitment Commauder Hdgh Henry, several tooal elergyuien, and a nttnherot veterani. a man natned Worth is nnder arrest for attemptmg to unogglfl two ( liinamen from t'auada into the United States. Hail was lixed by Commissioner .Tolmson at 81,000. The piisoner, betng unable to furnuh it, was remanded to jail, where be will jirol) ably stay tiutil the February terui of the United Bbatea eourt. The two Chinameu were giveu a heuring at Burlington, Satur day morning, when ( liarley Siug of Hur llngtOU trieil to show that they bad eertiti oatei from Canada whieh WOUld allow them to enter this country legally. Chinese Com misioner llalstead and Deputy SherilT Porter, wbo made tbe arrest, were examined as witnesses. Tbe hearing was coutiuued. Thk following Vcnnonters have received pensions recently: Oriuinal, Calvin ('. Bond, (ieorge K. Hayuos, Cieorge II. Smitb; addltlonal, Oharles llun-ison, Levi t:. Teu- uey, John Davis, (ieorge K. Wood, Wil- Uam H. Ftaheri Panton u. Mlller, John J. Sumner, Abel N. t'lark, Peter Berry, Thomaa s. Orans, Orrln Kice, Orange a. Comitook, William Woodcock, 0. H. Hol comb, Almon C. luinau; iuciease, Warreu Kllis, Llntli H. Dyke, Kpbraiui B. Wether glt, l'rentice Bean, (ieorge W. Cushing, Simeon Stoddard, Knos llloilgctt, NcUon Parker, John Bomerai reiasue, Jdm Uay, Hariison V. lilackstone, Ht'iiry M, Rob urts, Cbauni ey 11. Goodall, Lyman A. Ballotl; renewal and increaae, John F. WbltehiUi Henry U. Loll, ChMter Derby; reatoratlon and snpplemeutal, (ieorge W. fiabounty ; orlRlnal widowt, etc, Uariette A. Kaithj Catberiue Martell, Margarut i hayer, John K. l.averty, Louisa Chapiu, Adelalne Alexander (special act), Mary K. Johnaon. Caj-i ain II. 8. I'ostkr, Twentieth United States lufantry, iu his report to the war de partmetit on tbe Natioual (iuard of Ver mont, states that tbe time of tbe troops in enoampment was well smployed, the obieot well fultllleil aud tbe iuterest evincedby both Offioari and men iu their iluties nhowed that they bad a stroug lesire to learu aml iuprove. Tbe offloera M class bad good l apai ity Uld aptitude aml were capahlo of leadlnfl aud iustilling proper euthUHiasm and disi ipliue among their men. Gener ally speakiug, bu fotiinl the Nulional (iuaid of Vermont oonpoaed of iuteiiigeut, zuaious aud pnottoal men, aud, in any emergency that mlgbt arlse, they would fully sustain the good reputatiou they had in tbe late war. The dUciplinu of the troops during tbe eueampment was good, the men weru ipiiet and orderly, aud the observation of udlitary courtesies fair. Captaiu Foster reoomtneitded the establishmeut of a per luanuut eamp-ground, wilh a good target raugu, at some available poiut.laud thiUU tliat the elticiency of tbe giiard would be greatly enbauced by sucb a seleetlou. Patrh K Dks.mono of Barre was )lown almoet to atoms at tbe Battell ipiarry at Weybridge, Mottday afternoon, aud James IleudeiHon of Barre aml Albert Davis of Uutlurhill were seriuiiHly, but not fatally, Lnjured, At the ttme of the aooldant Dee moud was ia chargu of the eugiuo used iu