Newspaper Page Text
VERMONT WATCHMAN & 8TATE JOUUXAL, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1892. Jf arm anD &ar&cn, Aililres all laanJllel ur roinniuiih'atlnns In ri'latinn to KrlKuMnr to Iik. T. II. Rof VtlTtf Nuwrt, Vt. Ktlltnriiil NotlRRti An tndlMi LnTtDtot liafl prodnotd wlint he cnlls th! " Ilero Shcep I'rotcc tor." It ls n cullar, full of ihOft. nctdlc like pOlnt( atid is a " sickctier " to tht (loi; tliat iirab.s nt the ihetp'l throat. AVc think it will work, and if it does, we shall try to ketp a few shecp. " I'ot.i tics niust be kept out of thc giange," exc'n.ms an excliange. I'artv polities liave, of cntirac, uo plnce there; but tho " grtnger laws," which were thc lifHt effective m usure for thu sup pression of tnniporUltton ahuscs in lliu Weat, were tbo work of the grnngc. Whcn thii giange gOOd nnd leady, we hope it will try its band again at lawniaking. Abuses most itijiirious to farming intercsts surround them on every side. . An old Scotch prorerb says, " Mooy mickles make a niut'kle," aud it is a tiutli which uceds to bc impresaed on the ruiuds of the fariiiers. The farnier who achieves IUC06M, so that he is out of debt aud fnirly piosperous be fore old age, RCOompltthei it by atlen tiou to deUtli. We iutroduce this ileni not ouly because it is good advice, but alsoto make the printer, 01 proof-rcader, who ehtnged " mickle " to " trill j " in our Notinga " of October 5, acqualnted Wltta thc word. It is gcucrally safe to luppOM that au " old hand " kuows what he is about. Try the dictionary, please. before you " correct " our copy. Oui: edltoria brotherof the Manches ter (N. H.) Vnion has n vcry level head, as the followlng paragraph wltneaieth: " Accordiug to thij forest coiuiuissiou ers of New York, Jadging by the amouut of tiniber used by luuiber and pulp inills, in twcnty-live years the nvuilitble timber on the Adirondack plateau will be used up. Wc have heard this kind of croaking for the last forty yeara or more. It seerus to be forgotten that timber grows." Wk havc been asktd, "Is it poasihlc to lay down a seric-i of fundamenlal principles of pra :tical appllcatlon in agricuhure, to which tho farnier can constantly refer as a supiort in all his practical operationa on the farni? Must cach imiividual farmcr work only by'rulcof thuinb,' without any cer latuty as to resulls? It mm to be geaenlty tboughl that the toknowl edged uncertaintics of our bttllsMM make this Inipossiblc, atid that the mau of the most practical experienc , using liis experience as the basis of gucssing, is dolOg as well in his bu-intss operationa as thc nature of his business will ad mit." Tiik farmcr is cxposed to all the vicisiludes of his climate,, and subjoct to a'.l the lluetuatiom which the weathcr, not only on this coutineut, but over the WOfld, iinpoees QpOO crops aud prices. Ilat so, it may be said, is naviation aud comruercc; yet few will adniit that these great industrics are without their bases in that syitematized knowledgc which men agree to call seience. Forty years of toil upon the land have not weakencl our faltb that other and wider knowledgc than the knowledgc gained in our daily work umjuestiou ab'y tssential as this is can be brought to our aid, and turued inlo dollars. If we c in bc assured of this fact, theu it remains that the farmcr, in order to be truly succtssful, must be educatcd aud tinincd for his busincBs. TBK belief that this education is pos sible,and,inlhu loug run,esscntial, does not seem to havc origiuttd or mani fesled itself strougly aiuo:ig the farni ers themselves. li has been with them as il was with thc old navigators. Men on shorc have studied aud iuvenled and writlen, and by their efforts they have put it into the pover of the timid COtateri to put forlh into tho op.-u sea aud s.il safely and quickly whitherso evfcr they would to their djstiued haven aud market. Wk are greatly intercsted iu forest preserv.itiou, aud in tree planting iiud culture; but mueh of thc writiug ou forestry iudicates a z.'al without knowl edge. To take what is wrilten liter aliy, one might luppose that it would take eenturies to restore our devastated woodlands liere iu New England. As a matter of fact, if New Eugland were depopulated to-day, the forests would be as dense, and the timber as large and fiue, in a hundred years, as wheu the couulry was first occupied by white meu. l. jiroof of this, we may refer to a recent trip that we made to our native state of Malne. Wheu we were about a dozen years old, the village of Gar diner had no street trees at all. We were au aetive member of the lirsl trec plauting society. In walkiug about the preeent cily of Gardiuer we took mueh interest iu observing the trees which we had a hand in lettlng out, espeeially about our father's oll homestead. Some of these are now well up to twenty iuehes in diamete), at six feet froni the ground. Tbia is thc growtb of lif ty years. .So fat from beiug tree less, Qardiner is now a forest city. Looking at it from the opposi'.e of the Kennebec river, the houses are em bowered and bidden by the great trees, mostly elius, maples, piues and horse ehestnuts. Mauy of them ought to be removed, for the ptauting was mueh too close on most of the streets aul iu the yards. : Evbn here in Newport) Vt., where we have been at home for tweuty seven years, ptreet trees that we planted are uow thirty-livc to forty feet higb, and upwards of a foot iu diaiueter. Trees in our orchard, not over twenty years old, are over teu iuches. We suppose it to be a fact that wheu it thall become uecessary to grow our timber iu New Kngland, experienced foresters can do it better and more abuudantly than it cver was beforc. More than half the native growth in the untouched woodlauds of northcru New Eulaud is of iuferior qualily, owing to crowding, breakage by wiud, aud injury by lires from lightning, etc. If tlie same or similar laud were planted afresb, on our old farms, aud cared for intelligeutly, the value of it in tifty years would be greater than the same area of tho native woo ls. The only important exceptiou would be the great piues, two to three feet in diam eter, aud sometimes larger, which the early settlers were forbiddeu to eul, be cause rescrved for "His Majesly's navy." Jlul they make masts of iron now. Rkad tbll, aud thiuk it over: "This is a commercial age aud a eommereial MtlODi The essential r (juireiueul of tbe liour is a kuowledge of busiuotis. The ignorant are crowded to the wall to make way for live, aetive, vigorous young meu aud womeu who possess the kcennese of iutellect and readiuess of compreliension resulting from a thorough kuowledge of busiuoss. Prac tical kuowledge is marketable aud bas a commercial value." I.n uianua! details aud in meetiug the smaller c mtingcncies the old sail ors became expert; but it was the mau of seience who made them mastcrs of all the seas. He reaclied out for and painfully establislied, by the study of the heavens, thosc baic facts which euabled commcreo to tielt tlie earth aud rule thc waves aud the wiuds. Now scieiue has beun tostrugle with the eartb, and seeks to master it BVen more perfcetly than it has mas tcred the sea. Since we have begun to be a fanuer aud a writer on agricul ture we havc seen thc seience of farm tng grow from the cruditics of Dana's "MuekMAiiual " to the firm jdiilos opby of Slorei's " Agriculture." Being atnong tbe flrat to express a belief iu the poaslbility of iraproving our New Euglaud farming by a special educa tion, sueh as used to be giveu to young seamcu in the acadcmics aul bigb sehools of our sjaports, we havc seen agricultural colleges and experimcut stations spring up undcr gov.'rnmental initiative all over tbe coutineut. TUey have a great future before them, but the difSoulty is yet great in making them "connect" with things as tb iv exist. Tui: young sailor, unless his falher WBt " furehandd'" went to sea before the mast to earu the ruoney to pay for his schooliug iu navigation. Uut a small fractiou of our f irrueis can afford to school their sons for four, oreven two, years in a " coliege.': The agricul tural sehools to which that uufortuuate iianu has been atlixcd, are as yet be youd the reach of nineleen out of twenty of those who need their instruetions. Not only ahould their teachings be free, but their farms should lie made to fced their studeuts by the labor of the slu dents themselves. THEBE have been, and still are, a coniiderable numbcr of belicvcrs iu " half-day-schools " where book learu ing ouly is to bc imparted. We think there rea-tou iu the demand. lSut at the sehools of agriculture and thc rural arts, educaliau may go ou to advantage, seience and art, hand in hand, each dolng its jiart, half the d.iy in the class room aud the olhcr half in the field. To thig complexion must our agricultural sehools come before they bcgin to do work iu which we can all fully rejoice. ItOB, as applied to the value ratio 1 e tween thc precious mctals by our es- teemcd " Wtltern Rca lcr," scems to Dl mueh niDre IngtBlOQI than sound. The gridiron pendulUD is a carefully adjusted dviee, based on lottOtlflc principles, to keep the olOOkl to which it is applied going at a uniform rate in all tcmperatures. This adjnstnient can be made perfect, because the ex pansion and contraclion of the BeUll ntd are cxaclly known ui.der all the degreel of temperalure to which thc clock is exposed. BOt thtl is far from being thc case with the money mctals. We cannot adjust thclr discovery and produclion, their al)undanee or scareity, at all. So tar as niiin can see, it is a matter of ac oldent. Flrat) a great gold deposit is iliscovered; aud gold isso abundant for a lime that the silvcr dollar is worth more as mctal than thc gold dollar; and conscqucntly the silver dollar gocs out of circulalion. Then there is a great discovery of silver; and thc cheapcning of the metal reduces its bullion value so that if the weight of tho coins is unchaugcd, we may havc what is called a nincty-cent, or even a seventy-cent, dollar. In the lon run, these variations lend somewhat to tialanco each other; yet history ehows wide differences from century to century, nnd givcs no hopc that it will cver be different. If we are to retain both metals in scrvice aB money and all experience has ibown that ncither metal is in sullieiont supply at all times to form a safe basis for the busincss of the world thcn govern ments must guarantee the diffcrenee by maintainlng their coinage of both mct als ou au equality for all taxcs and other govjrumcntal demands. No self ad just ment is suflieiently exact, regular or tlmely, to be of auy praclical value. Unless the governmi uts of the great commercial uations cuainntee the equal exchangeablc value of thc coincd metals, there must be constant d;sturbances and commercial crises, duc to their lluctuatious of value. Tiik agricultural editor desires to re new the cxjiression ot his thanks to thc correspondenti who-c oommnnioattoni have of late added so mueh interest to this d ;parlmeut of thc iaper. Some of them we know cuuld reeeive fromlead ing j mrnals a liberal paymcnl, such as oountry newapapen are not able to (ITer, for the valuable .contrlbutiona they send us. We are glad to uotice, therefore, the gcnerosily as well as thc uaefulneas which mark these kindly vo'.uuteered articles. We have more ol them still in reserve, and trul that they will continue to flow in from our intcl ligent and pubhe-spirited readers. IMPORTANT BUT in sccking this end we are far from desiring to see the instruetions of these sehools degraded to niere apprcu ticeshij) in farm routine. We waut to see iu all their teachiug chairs men who ean thoroughly work out, and afterwards in the class room lucidly exp'.aiu and illustratc, aud by the fascination of earucsteloipaence fix iu miud, tlie prin ciples of farming. Hegiuning as ncarly right as they can, those sehools must iu a seuse produee their owu toachers bb they go on. Iu ordor to do this J they must try to start right headiug their ship on a true course. Heginuiug with many teaehors taken from the litorary sehools and imbued with the literary idcal, it ia extremcly hard to secure Lhia cnd. iiut until it is (irmly Bettled that this is the true aim, our agricultural colleges will be tauulcd with their amall claaaeg aud feeblo reaulta. Tiik " (iridiron I'eudulum" compar- Binglng Mice. A four fonted cri'ature that sins is cer t&inly curioua enough to have Itaexiatenoa donbted, and many people clo not belleve th.tt sucli a thiiiK as a siimint; niotise has ever hi'i-n scrii, or, iuori! enrreel ly speakiug, heard. it baa, though, and in a certain house beloved of mice sjenerally what lonnded like tlie voice of a vcry small bird waeoften beard in thc wall. A trnp was aet for tbe uproarloua onea that kept up a oonatant aqueaking and Knawlng, beaidee Dibbling every viand that tbey could poe atblyset at. and one nigbt the dalnty blta of cheeae lured Into eapuvity a mouse tliat looked like other mice nnd ncted liku a wrin. Buch a quiviriug, musiea littlo warble oonld aoarcely oome from any other throat than that of the tlny btrd. But it was aoon proved beyond a donbt that mouaie did 11 mmaelf, and t bat he must bethe vcry aingerwhogavethemyaterloua wall cotK'crts, so tlie next thiiiK was to make bim a eage, it was qnite an unoom- Uton one, as loi ouinion as he was liimself a u'lass glohc covcrcd w ith netting. A trarm neel was arranged in it, and thocu rloua little performer took vcry kindly to his lnxurious qnartcrs. He had of conrso the besteheeee to nlbble at, and he cvi- dently oonaldered liimself Inelovert Hepnt ou airs, too, and aeemed to know when he was belng watched. At anofa ttmea he would raiae hlnuelf up and try with all his tmall might and main toaet like a canary. Bometimee he would bold upone paw, nnd then be was a full fledgda prima donna, aendlng (orth anoh lond notea that it was almost atartltng to bear bim. Iiut an eaay Llfe did not seem to ngree with the amuaing little rodent, aud possi- bly be pined for thc home in the wall, with Ita bonndleei freedom, where he may have left "hia yonng Hirharlwnw at piay." in a few dayi he died without any npparent cause, and the experimcut of caging aatng1 lg mouse was altoKether unsueeessf ul. Other four footed warhlers havc been kept iu l'iiimI eondition for a mueh longer time, givlng ahuniiant opportnnlty to make aODM very int en sl inn diseoveries tn reard to tbeir musical organs. Theydo not, it appeart, alng with their tbroate, like Other Bougsters, hut with their noses. Their vocal eliords are Vlbrating folds of tbe akin at the outlet of eaoh noetrilt and the performer can vary the tO&e from hiyh tO low by Using more or less forco in cx pelllngtha air. When (juite by liimself the souuil prodneed bytbeainger reeen hles tliat of nn jBoUAO harp, hut iu a eaue, when t lie Kinall pi isouer is often siUKiug for efteet, the notea are nnoh boldan A cat purrs vcry mueh in the same way as a mouse aings, nnd hoth are slgnaof com- fort und Balisfaetion. Ilut the mouse's song, nnllke that of the cat, has gjven rise to many abattrd supersl it ions, aud houses have nequired the liad reputation of beiug hnunU'd because of singinn mico in the walls. The soft wuiliug sound w hich the soiiK then assumcs issaid torome from tbe uneasy aplritsof t bOM Who have lieen mur dered, and t he servanl s who are (rightoned by tbe singlng mouse oonld Mver Im) made to helieve that the continual pickiuu' nnd atealing from the pamrynrc douo by the singer liimself nnd his near relatives. For althounh it seems as if SOgUted a crenture should he abore anoh tiight marauding, he ls renlly no hettcr than his commouplaue couipauloiiH. Ilarper't 'tmg PtopU- CniLDiiKN Cry for I'itcher'a Caaiorin. CntLUUKN Cry for Pitcher'B Caatoria. The Great Free Lecture to Men in Tremont Temple, Boston. Mtal Facts for All Men to A Great Warning and a Great Hopefor Men. A Most Pownrful and Inipressive Le8Son. Tontlg ainl Middlc-Aircil Men Most Conoernedt llttfl ;t few worils to ay. To touaa aad itilddls nnnd mpn. Tlmt In hnw l)r. (irernp of :il TcinplH I'Ihco. Uoh tnn, Ih'Khii IiU loeturp liettwoek WSdBSSdsy nlKht Ht Troniont TstHplSi IIU ftw worilfl, liowi'vor, SQIOUlltsd tO tlie welRhtt sati mimt clonient hikI powfrfully InstrueltVC h'1 (IreBH Vhloh we lielleve tho MdiftOOQ of men ptetaal loei ever Utteaea to. AikI tho Iohhom whr noodofl. Noedsil bf the world. for the suhjoet II Plnsely nllloil with the phjrslottl Hlwl mentMl ttim of future geaefatlonsi aesded bytheyoeagaae mlrtfllt sytnl men, DPOD wliom postefHf ftapsttdfl elther for n Htrou ;m I ; 'i- ,.,. .,.( tmtton of tskltngt ; neeileil hy t he t)iuiHHti(N who, throiiKh weiikiiean iinil folly.iire siifTorlnn from nervoiot iletiillty nml cxlmiixteil vltaltty from thone Hltiiien and exeeoses which to surely wreck the iuhid, ihatter the nerven and rnlti OO&ipletSly Sll physlMl ntronnth, snSfSlM and pOWSfS, BMlSSI enreil In tline. Youth Ih iirono to weaknoHfl, aud wcaknonfl allled with iKtioratiee of conHtiiieuce9 tnakes hidiHCretion and folly inevttahlc. It U thlfl faet wliieh exjilalnn lodsy ths thouBandi. of partially wroeked ronstitir tioaismoa f OU&Jf fnon, tho wuakenedvltallty. the shattered nerve. the exhaunted enerKlen tho lOM of that nohle Ittength aud vttfor whleh go to tnake the perfoet inan. it In powcr.vlnor, ItfeDgth, w hii:h alone inakes mau admlrahle; It Is the enertfy of HtroliK vllallty whleh inakeH hlm miceengfiil In what' ever work rr iiihIuo.si he undortskSS, and If ho ln NerVS ukeneil itiul Nerve Exhaustodi ISVpsd of vlKor aud IpOHl of vltaltty. euervateil and dsbtlttatcd, he will inako a pltlahloanrl ahjeet fallure of hU llfe. hU hopsi aud StHbtUOtU, Sntsil he taken tnoaliH te oveli:ome hltt weakiutns and NgsiO bil Btrcnth. To mteh I)r. Oreeno'ii ahly lustructive reu.arkn were at once a rovelatlon, a warnliiK autl an encour aKetneut. BfOUht In dally rontaet with 10 inativ of theite lanetsrSi he ahove all other pbytiolsai I" ttlOSt eniluently Qttsllfled toadvle. dlreet aud treat sueh canes, IfliiHelf a uiHii of rt;at lympathiM, with a eharlty aud kHOWlsdgS Of tho frallty and weakuo nf htintan nature, bebSUSVSI that It ls not the phystolatt'l DfOVlllQS to Idalue men for the renuits of ignofsncSi bnl rsthsv iy aood sdvtcsi eouuiel and onenuraneinent to free the patlont'l ds ipsndsat mlnd from the gloom aud weight ot spprs bsnslon whleh hati heretofore Iiuiik over hten like a cloud . whlle at the MUDS ttmo he hrliiKS hU Hkll) aud ratdlcinsi to bear to Kradually bttl nurely restore hiiu to bsslthi stretiKth and vitality. Now, w hat are the symptoins whleh iudieate this iditlou of lost vitality ? IHzzincss. lixtreme norvousn1. 88. l.oss of ineuiory. nojblDI of the faee. Itull fetdiHK head and eyes. Nervoui tri'tnors aud tremldiUKS. KlutterltlK aud palpltation of the heart. Ilegpoudeney and depresslon of the tulnd. luahlllty to Mxthe lilllul for S&ylSttgtb Of time upon one suhjeet. l,oss of selrM)ntidenee, distaate for rompany, ds sir..' to be aloue. Wsldaa MOfningii tlreil and unrefreshod, with Kfeat senso of fatimie follOWlnd drain. upoutlie sys tein. lienera) sense of w eakness, lanKUor. dulnes and exiiaustiou, with laek of atnhltlnn aud ener'y, and disiiielluatlon for meutal or pliysieal elfort. These are tlie Marks of the Dlseass, and they are plaiu to ev ry one. Now. It Is a sad faet that some physielaus pretend to retuird this eoinplalut lihtly, and assure patients thatno injury will follow. This ls false. and the jdiysielan who makes sueh a stateuieut does so be causu ho knows ahsoluttdy uothln elther of tho disease or its treatmeut. It Is a most serious disease, a daiiKerous eondltlou to l.e Iu, and its Qoas6qU6&O0l to llfe anil health at'o InoslculStklS. Kvery inffsrsf kuows that it Is no trivial eoniplaint which is slowly but surcly tspplng llls very llfe, whleh he feuls day hy day ls exhallst' tng his Itrsagth, psfslpslng his i noiies andren dSrlng bUn weak aud lnsfllQtODt as a luan, darkeuiui: all his future with Klooln and despair.alul leavinij hilu a niere wreck- a seuihlanee, HS It were, of the stremuh aml viifor he fovuo-rly possessod. The inmrsl of this Is for sufferers to seek a eure uow wbile the disease la eurublu, and not wait unti! it reai'hes au iueuiable and hopeless StSge. The disease Is a perfeetly eurnhle ono, hut re, quires (;reat klll aud experience upon the part of the pbyiioiSAi aml alsive all llir CXtKi IMtllcintt tieres. lary tt) iffttt tkt CUrtt 'I'he speeiallHt alone, who by study aud iuvestlK.it'.en thoroughly understauds this class of diseases, and who, by lonn experience nnd t oiitinunuh suecess has iliscovered the perfect tre.it tneut to ciire, ls thu pbyslQJbMt to whotn sufferers honld apply. Such, In hrief, was the lesson of Df. t.reeue's lecture. And Ur. tireene kuows whereol he speaks. H has for many ye.irs niade this elass of diseases aud their treatmeut a special studyaud stauds to-day the itesi Known and atosl Bnooossfal spoclallst in their eure in this country. Iu fact, his dlscoverlel iu medlcines, as prescrlbod at his otaco, nnd prepared uuder his dlrect supervlslon at his nreat uoMlleal taboratory. are the only fSOOgnlSSd aud SttnbllSbsd rSUSdlSt which otfer to the sutferor trum I his distresslUkt eomplaiut a sure and posltlvs gnsrswtaa of sure. Thousamls of yoiuiK aud iniildlo.ai;ed ujeu with shattered nerves, weakenod powors and i xhausted vitality, who had trled ln vain the treatmeut of other physielaus until they had hecoiue illscuuraged, desairiiiK aud almost hopeless, have, hy Hpplyliic to l)r. tireene for treatmeut and eure, heeu soou restored to souuil health. stroneth and viifor. ln tact, the SBtbUSlSSttS Hurds of one of these foruier Milierers eured hy lr. tireene's wonderful niedi etlies, a letter froln w houi the w rlier hsd tbO plflS suru of reHililitc. will douhtless be a Kteat encuuraKe ment to all slinlhii ly atf'oted. " I think I)r. (irooue's remedles are slmply gysadiM he wrues. " 1 ean sc.iireely tell the story of luy woiiderlul eure throiiKh the nKcncy of thosc tuedl cincs w ith oue-half the pralse they deserve. (gtlOI' ftuce and indlseretlon had brouetit lue to a terrlhle eondltlou. 1 was almost a wreck of my foriuer self, both physleally aud tnuutally, whlle my nerves were eompletoly shattered. 'I'he result of Ur. Greene's troatineut was most woudertul. I K't better riht away. My nerves ttrew as struiiH aud steuily as Iron, und my tntnd, whleh had heeu de pressed and ifloomy, became elear, hrinht aud happy. 1 ain now perfeetly eured, aud all throueh thu usu of I)r. Oreene's wonderful medlcines." I'nder such clrcumstauees we eaunot do better than to advlse sufferers to apply to Ir. tireene for the eure they will he sure to reeeive thruuKlihls t reatinent. 'I'he doelor ean be eonsulted, fiee of charxe. at his ouiee, 31 Temple I'lace, llostou, Mass. persoually or by letter. There ls no char-'o made to auy oue exeept the prlce of the luedlciues neeel sary to eure, aud then only in ease you dei Ide to adopt the treatniont. If you eaunot eoiisiilt hlm persunally, du uut fail to write hiiu abiitit yourdls ease, for he treuts oases all over the IFulted Htates by letter eorrespundeuee, aendiiiK the uecesiary tnedleiues to care hy exprusi. Stiidjlng Nnlnrp. IIV .1. W. KKWTOtl. "The (rrfatest of all nerds in the dnoatloti of the young people of thc farm is to Itlmttla c n carefnl ohserva tion of the opern ions of Xature," says thc gftcultnral edliot in thc WatcH' man of Scptcinhci 7 ln thc shiiic arii cle he says that thc sehools ibottld he ' orgtnlged to teach their pnnlls how t itudy Nalure'a nethodi ina lawi," Probably f aw wonld deny the trutbof ihese ttateniflOta, hut how to gel thc sehools o-tfnuiz d ii a qucstion not easily answcred. AVhat sliall wc do for ihe JOting while we are Wtitlna fot this qneetlot to he lolvedT I think I have fuund au itiwtf to this qoeatloo. My own children havc hccome ureatly in teres'.cd in this kind of study. Their pycs nt lcarninif tO scc thinirs in nat'ire which eecane most people- and they are forming hahits of obaervatlon which, I I bopc, will he a blessing to them through life. ll Dsa not betn dltflcnll to hrUm this about. 1 do not see that there is any sjrcnt need to wait for a changc in the mcthods of education in order that our children niny leam to ohservc. Most farmcrs have their children at home mnre than half thc time. 1 mean chil dren of school aac who are attending school. Most country people are not convcrsant with the fact tliat there are many hooks uow wrilten to lead the young to ha'ut-i of obscrvation aml na ture study. I have tricd different book with my children and have found that they get the most heneflt frotn one series in particular Julia MoKatr Wright's "Nature Readert, Seasiiie and Wayaide." I bave spoken of these more than once before in thc colunms of this papcr, and must say that the more I use them and see the results of their use in my children, the more I fecl thut for mself I have partially, at least, solved the problcm of nature study for country children. Xo knowl edgc of seience on the part of thc par eut or tencher la rccpuired. Older peo ple who are ignorant of seience will lcarn as mueh iti some ways a the chil dren, and will get decply iiiterested in thc wiuning style of thc hooks. There are three of theiu in thc bu ls of my children, and n lour.h has lately been isstied which I have not seen. They ure graded reading hooks, and, if they could be put into the sehools of Ver mont as aapplementary readera, they outrht to do a vast amonnt of good. Por belping children to leam aboul minerala, rocks, and the like, T know of noihiug hettcr than the little hooks issucd hy the Hoston Society of N itural History in the aeries called "Guides for Seicucc Teachiug." First Ivssons on Mincrals" is the most simple. The plan ia to put apecimena ia thc chlld'e hands and lead hiiu to observe. " Thii ty-six Observations on Common Minerals" ufics a stcp further, while "Common Minerals and Rookl" givcs qnite a complete outiine of atructural geology. One great dilliculty iu study ing minerals is the iuability of the be ginner to distinguish oue apecimen from another, aud to name the speci mcns he linds. Collections of speci mens Can be obtaincd with each of these books, aud it is uotat all difflcult for a teacher or parent who has no knowledgc of this bianch of seience to teach children with the aid of these little books. There is noquestion but that children ought to lcarn elementary nalural sei ence no queation hut that the children caulearu. The only question lawhbtber they havc nn opportnnlty to lcarn. There is material lo study all around, and there are books to gufde the teacher or iiarent. A little time each day dc VOted to this work will make a wonder ful difference in thc lives of the little folks. Hablta of obaervatlon, once es tabllahed, will be Invaluable to the chlld as he urows up. Of all people, tbe farnier needs this kuowletliie. Ile has consiantly to do with Nature in his work, and, other things being equal, the greater his kuowledge the grcatcr wil; he his aucceaa. A Blrcb Ti'ci A Hystery. Agricultural Editor: Between Water bury and Miihlle'cx there is a small mountaio called the Hog-back. Through this there is a depression which is called Ihe Notch.and through this there ;s mnintaincd a road conuccting thc two towns. Ou the east side of this notob, ncxl Middlesex, ou the right hand side of the road as we pass from Waterbury to Mid lleaex, there i a ledge which is ncarly uprighl or pei pcndicular, falliug hack a little. Oa this ledge there is a depression of be tween oue aud two feet runuing back into the hill. From the bottom of this depressiou to the earth, at the foot of ledge, is seveu feet. llerc stautls a living birch tree in this depression in the ledge, at ita briuk, or in ihe Boil hclow (I do not know which), sevec feet down. Where did the tree slurt, ou thc ledge or seveu foet bclow? This te the mystery. 1 think it will require n hotauist an expert to correctly de cide. The part of the tree hclow Ihe ledge is two feet in diametcr, and thi tree ebove the ledge is the same. la thia part of the tree below tbe ledge the stcm, or is it a rootV This depression or cavity in the ledge is tllled hy a big root, filliug the cavity and more. Ue ingcoufiucd at ita sidea, the root is now aome three feet in porpendicular diaiu eter. Thia cavity, at the left ol thc root, is so ncar the end of the ledge that the yearly growth of tborootpro duces a pressure that is crus'iing this part of the ledge so that iu a few more years several hundred pounds of stone must fall off. This tree haa one main root Itarting from the tree, and possihlv it has two which? The root runuing hack into the hill I have traced Dfteou feet. This ia tho lirst time public at tention has bceu called to thia tree. Now no dOBbt many will visit it, as it stands witiiin three or four rods from tbe road, aud is plaiuly visihle. Tl.MOTIIY Wiikii.ku. Waterbury Ceuter, September . Jtbbmtscmcnts. mm Mr. iT OBCph llrmmrrtnh. n old lOWIer, eame out nf UlS Wir (rroatly iffeebled by tysAsM Prr,!itul nrier ' ilng ia varioua hoapttala the doetora dlscbarged iiim si Ineurabie with C MiseiMpUeaaa li haa been lo poor liealth alnoe, until he t s?; ti to iaki Hooci's Sarsaparilla Ininif'lliit'ly M-t QOUgh pn'w lnosor, nltflit IWMtl omd ntifl h6 rSiliMd po'nl p'Mi-Tul health. Hfl oordlatly pooonunsndi Hootfi snr i ipari1la,6 ipoliiny tocomrades in tin? u, a. u HOOD'S PlLL8 Nfl RtMtttlH CoflfttpftttOfl hy yet')rlnir urrlstalttr nrtlou of the aliinentary canal. AT THE NEXT MORNING 1 KECL BR GHT AND NEW AND MY COMPLEXION IS BETTER. My ilnrt'tr wiv tt acto ff0nttl pn thr- ftti!inrh, II-r ftnd kldtifvs, nti'1 ln plpnim( Inxntlvc. This )nnk Iw iiifttl-' from h rrt-, aud If ptVpUVu fruHf tut eMlif as ti-a. It UoiUled LANE S MEDICINE AU dmastaH SsU It nt tBC. nnd 1j(i ner MnkaM. Huy one t" dny. I.nne' Ihe howels eiieli dav. naoesasty. Pnmifv ledleine ntotei ln ord. r l be licalthy. tliU MRS FRANK B NADAO. Falrlleld, Me . CHEERFULLY SAYS: If you have Children, our ex perience will interest you, for Groder's Syrup SAVEO OUR BABY'S LIFE! ThU haby nlmot two yr.ir old. l.Mt pnrinf? 1k' wnM onttlng tetb uiul, m every cliiUi i- ut Rttota r timci wii mor3 ot ttM tronblvd vrUh Kver wa oonitlMtlon GRODER'S W'v call?d in two phyici:ms, nml thfy boh told tbftt the trooble bnd bII goite dd to lii-i betdi ftnd tbt tbe ehftnoei ot bta ffetttng ireU were ftfftlml hlm, Dniing thel day Mr (inntt-r li:ijii in'd i'n :dl on aiid n-surt-il u- if BOTANIC that it would (s't well, M lie bftd DlUCh X erj enee of thft kind, d wc conrludtd to try it Wq ootninetteed to gtTe it to hiiu at rdjrht.ac cordiiiK to thf dh ion-, iu Mimll do- t . ry hour until it mored 1 1 i bowele. Tbe nexl i DYSPEPSIA Vtry mueh brtttr, and Kept ituproviup bythe ttWOf the .Syrup until ln- moi tobeftl jrOttAM hiiu to-day,' u pteture of bealtb We wonld not think our obildren were protected if we d I not huvo n hottli rrf thU Bvmp in thr , for CVDI I D ,,MV take that O I w U when rcfuo to lake ftnytmng eUe. Iti- far -ti p-ri r u anv other preparatlon known, aud I reeom BftM it in the h'frhet tirm t all inotUer Vourti ReapeetfuUXi MM. Fimnk K. N.vi'Ai . All pfttent medlcinei are lold nnder the old, old ehetnut, I I r V'.-ur. . no pay." I'hii vUlXCiiW1'!''.11 know any one gettlog tln ir iuoin y back ? No oompany baoki uj its itatementi with a printed gnarantee ai we do, that yont dealef will tdtfii, to glve voo latlefftetlon orrt fund Vtuir iiitnnv. ( 'a!. for drodt r BotftnUl V CHILDREN. genalne wltnoul bearlng oui trade inurk the Iteaver. The Crodor Dyspepsia Curo Co.f WATERVILLE. ME., I B. A. TOlL 7T COMBINATION of puro lVtroloum J'- nml OliveOil. Contains all of tb. ir lu.nlinjf properties. Uurivullcd for fedi ciiial aml Toilat uc. Oivea a BMMliMMH aml softtu'8s to tbe akin not obuinnl by any otbor preparation. Cuaranteed lo eure all skin ilist'ftses tliat can be reaclied by aitamal applloatioil. Uied by Phsicians. aii dealera bave it. The Barney .'., Uoston, Mass. BUCKLKN'S AUN1CA SALVK. Tlll besl sulve iu the wnrltl for cuts, bruises, aores, ulcers, salt rbeutu, fuvur sores, tetter, chapped hands, chilhlitius, corus Htul all skin rapttOM, nutl poaitiTelv curcs pilea, or no pay required. It is guaruuteed to give perfect satisfnction, or money refunded. Price tweiitv-llv. ceuts per box. Forsale by C. lilakely, Montpelier, Vt. PARKER'S H AIR BALSAM ClMntrs sud hrsiiuflss th. hsif. ni.SllllSSS a luiunant jrr,.wlh Navrr Falla to Restnra Uray Batr to ita Youthful Color. Curcs .calp disssjf. k hair talliuf. yv.snd 1 sl Drmtniili Thn Consumptlve nnd Feotole and aii who ...ttrfr..inssh.u.l.nr liirssfi tl.eulil u- Parker'a VtnBM Tonlc. ilfSMajMVMOouM, 1 '-u"!i I"''" il.funoii. t'smals wraaura. Wiruiiialisiu aud 1 ain. IUc. k I HINI1ERCORNS. Ths ouly sur tur, for '.ans. iui w.u. MAs .lkiu asy. I5cu, al uruwciata.