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THE VERMONT WATCHMAN, DECEMKEK 7, 1802 SUPPLEMENT.
oppreeslve Or oxactlng in nur deaUMa with nny ofiiiom, even tna weakest Onr Intefeata im our bopsa fof thera all iu hi the dlfsottoH of Ktnlili' govornmonts by Ihclr people, nnd (if the lawM deielopment of their grcnt com mcrcial rosoui ,:es. Kelation Wlth llinvnll havo been sUoh W to sttract an Inoreamd in- terest nnil nui .1 contlriuo to ilo so. 1 deem it of grent importnnco thnt tho prnjoctod sub marine cnblo, a wurvcy for whleh has b660 made, should I pmmotcd. Both for naval and oommorolul OtM wc should havo qulok communiontlnn with Honolnlu. Wo should bofore this havo avalled ourselvosof tho con ccsslon, mnde many yoars awo to this govern mont, for a haiuor and naval stntlon at IVarl rlvpr. Many e videnccs of tho friendshlp of tl - Ilawaiian kovi rnmcnt have hoon glven In th" pnst nnd It Is grntifyinK to bollevo that tho ndvnntau'e Mld neoossity of a eontinuunee of vory closc rcla.tons ia nppreoiated. Goncr.il roreign Holationa. The friendly aot of tb.ii governmsnt in ex- presalng to tho government of Italy Its re- probetlon and abhorfenoe of the lynohing of Itallan snbjci ls in New Orleans hy tho pay ment of 186,000 franOs, or ?2(.:mi.!i, was ao coptod ly tho King of Italy with evcry mani fcstlon of grni ious upprcciat ion, and tho ln cldont hns been highly pfomotivs of mmual good will. 'riic reocnl disturb.'incos of the publio ponoo bylawless foroin maranderson the Mexleafl frontier. have afforded the government an op fajrtnnlty to teatify its good wrtll for Mextra, and itsenrnest purpose to fulflll tlio nbllga ttons of lnteruational friendshlp, by pnrsuing and dlsperaing the evU-doers. Tho work of rolocnting t ! bonndary of tlio troaty of Gaudalupe Hldalgo westward from KlPaso. ls progresslng favornbly. (Jur 1 ntorenurso wlth Spnin contlnuos on n friendly foottng. I regret, however, nol tb'be ablo to roport as yet tho ad.tustmont of tho cluims of t be Ainorioan commlssinncrs arlstng from the disord ira at I Nmnpe, in tho ( 'umllnc Island, hut 1 nntiripnte a sutisfaetory adJiiHt- ment in vlew of renewed and urgent repre- Houtativos to tho government at Madrid. Tho treatment of tho religioni and ednoatioaal establislimontsnf Ameriean eitizens in Turkey has, of lato, eallod for a moN than usual ihare ofattontlon. A tonilonoy to rnrtail tho tolcr ation whtoh has so henolloially provailod is disci rnihlo, and has callod forththeoarno.it remonstranoes of thii government. Iiitornationul Oopyrlght. Internatlonal oopyrlght has been extended to Italy hy proolamatlon, in oonformtty v.iih tho aot of Uarob :;, 1801, upon assnranoe betng gtven that Italtan law pertalna to oltliena of theUnited Btateathe benefltof oopyrlght on Bttbetantlally the same baaia ae to lubjeote of Italy. liy a spooial eonvention, proolatmed Jan. 15, 1H92, reidproeal provisionsof o'lpyriuhl havo been applied between tho United Statea and Germany. Negotlatlona aro ln progresa with othor eountrios to tho same end. Tho Ntearana Canal. I ropoat with Ki'eat earnestncss tho reoom Diondation whioh I havo mado in sovonil previous measagea thatprompt and adeqnat mpport i' glven to theAmerioan oompanyen gaged in tho oonstrQotion of tho Nflcaragua hlpoanal. tt is lmpowible to overstate tho value from ovory standpoint of this groat on terpriso, and I liopo that thcro tnay be sonm timo in this OongTOW to glvo to it an ImpOtOUa that will insuro tho early complotion of the canal nnd seoON to tho Unitod Statos Its proper relatlon to it whon compiotod. Tho Monetary Oonferenoe, Concrrcss has hoon alroady advisod that tho Invitati ons of this government for the a&iem bltng of an intornational monetary oonferenoe to oonsidor the enlarged uso of silvcr, wort ao oepted hy tho natlona to whioh they wcro ad dressed. Tho oonforonoo assemhloil at Itrns. sels Nov. and has entorod upon tho consld eratlon of this yreat question. 1 have nol doubted, and havo takcn occasion to express that belief as woii in tlio Invltatlom taaued for this oonferenoe as in my puhlio mesiagee, that the free oolnage of siiver upon an agreed In ternatlonal ratlo woald greatly promote tho lnterestaof our people, aa equaiiy thoso of othor natlona, Coiulition of tho Troasitry The roport of the secretary of tho trcasury will attract e-pccial intoiost. in viow of tho uuany jnisleadin statemonts that have been inade as to the state of tho publio rovonuos. Three preliminary faota ihonld nol only be stated but oniphasi.od hoforo looking tnta dotails. First That the publio dobt has been reduoed ilnoe Marob 4, 1880, 18116,074,100, and the annnalintereet obargetll,084,iiw. Beoond That there have been paid out for pensionfl dnrlng this administration uptoNov. I, IH!t:.', 1438,884,178.70, an Inoreaae of 1014,406,880,011 ovor tho sum expended daring the perlod from Marob 1, 1886, to Marob 1, 1880: and thlrd, that nnder the eslsting tarlff uu to Deoember 1 abont tOBDMOjOOO rerenue whioh would have been colleeted upon Imported lllgara, lf the duty had hoon maintalnod.h is gone Into tho poekets of the pepple and not into tho publio treasury.ns boforc. If there aro ijny who stiii thlnk tjial the mrploj ihonld baye hoon kopi out of oironla tlon by hoardlog It in the trcasury, or de positod in favnred bahlu without intereet, whilo the gOVernm0Qt oontinuod to pay to these vcry hauks intorost upon the honds ilo positod as soonrlty for tho doposils, or who thlnk that tho cxtonded ponsion loi;islation was a publio robbory, or that tho dutlea upon mgar Ihonld havo been malntajned, 1 am pon- tcnt to LeaVG tho iTgtUnoni wherc it uow ro8ts, whilo we wait to soo whethcr these crilioiHiuu will lako tlio form of loi-islution. Tlio KovenueH for tlio flseal yoar onding .luno V), 1802, from all sourooH, woro H,8a84H0l.8(, and tho ox- pendltnree for all purpoeee woro 41&,ttflA,80efi6. loavintf halaueo of g8014ea)gOB, Thoro viorrj paid dnring t be yoar upon i be publio deht t40, i7U,4U7.IW; tlio HtirpliH in tlio troasury and tho hank rodomption fund passod by tho aot of July 14, 18UI, and the ganiral fnnd furnlshod U laryo part the oash avuilahlo and usod for tho payiuenls naade upon tlio publio debl. Comparcd wllli (Bt yoar 1WI, our reoelpUi from clistmm dutlos fell bft I4,Wb,R4, 108, whilo our reoelptfl from intornntional rev tnut Inoroasos HS8,48l813, loavlng not loss of rovenuo from thi.'se prlneipal eonroei 18.978 441,705. Tlio not loss of revonuo f,om all Bources was 918,790,718, Tho rovonuos cstimatcd and aotnal for tho llsoal ycarendliur .Iiino, 311, IH08, aro plaood by tho si'crotary at S Mvi.:ttf(,a50.44 ttnd oxponsos ni 4H,33tl,3,V).44, showiiiK a surplus of roooipts ovor cxpcndltnroH of j;!,lltl,nnii. Tho oash bal ance in thc troasurj- a1 the ondot the'fical yoar, lt Is ostimatert. will Ih Mr,tt.8f7.flfl. S,i faras theso flauros nrc based u on eettinate I 0f roooipts aHQ oxpondituros for tbi tomhin inw montha f tho curreut llsoal yoar there aro not only the usnal eloments of unooriainly, but somo addod eloments. Kew revenuo lcgislation. or oven tho cxpla nationof it. may sorionsly rednce the publio rovonuos durinpr tho iieriod of unoortainty and dnring the pnteeaa of bosineee adjustinont to tho new oonditlons whon they bocomc known. Hut tho sooii'tary lias vory wisoly rot'rainod from ixuesslnK as to tho elTeot of poeeitale cIihukos in our revonuo laws, sinoo tho scope of thoso ohanires anil tho tlmo of thoir takinir effeOl oannot in ony dagFee bo foreiisl or foro told by bim. His estimatos inust bo basod ttpon oxletlng laws nnd uion a continuanoo if exlstlng bmtneei Oondittoni, exoept so far as thoso oondillons may bo afTeeted by cnusos other than new loiislation. Tho itlWated Iteceipts for the flscal year ebalhg Jnne 30, 1104 are 400J816Kffl ahd tlio estimated app'rojbrla tlons ?4.",2ill.3T.:!3, lcavlng an estlmalod sur plus of rocoipts ovor oxpondituros of jjj&MO, 030.05, This doos not inolude any payment to tho alnklng fund. In the roeonimondation of the soorctary that tho sinkln fund law lic repi'ah'd, I con cur. The retirement of bondH in tho futuro hoforo mnturlty should bo a matter of con- ventenod, not of cotnpulston. We thoiud not colleot revonuo for tho purpose, hut only uso uny nejgnitl surplus. To tho balanoe of $;E,Hfi(l,(01.a5 of roooipts ovor cxncndlturcs for tho yoar 1801, should be addod tho estimated surplus at tho hclnhlng of the yoar, SaiVlfl.V'""-1'; and from tlio aggre gate thore must be doduotod as slatod bytho aeoretaf y, about $44,ti:t0,iit) of eatlinated apbrn pflattona. Tho publio confidence is tho pur poso and ability of the government tomain tain tho parity of all of our monoy issuos. whethcr coin or paper, must remain un shakon. The demand for gold in Europe, anil the conscqucnt calls upon us, aro in a oonsid crable dcKree tho result of tho effortaof Bomo of the Buropean governments to inoroaso thoir gold resorves, and these efforts should he met by appropriato legislation on our part. Tho oonditlons that havo croatod this drnin of tho troasury gold aro in an importnnt do gree political and not commeroial. Inviowof the fact that a ceneral rovision of our revonne laws ln the near future scems to be' probable, it would be botter that any ohanges shoulil bo apnrt'of that rovision, rather tliau of a tem porary nature. Dnring tho last flseal yoar the soorctary pur- ohased, nnder act of July 14, lsou, 5458,718 ounccs of siiver, and issuod ln payment there fore fSl, lftfl.Hi 18 in notos. The total purohasos since the assage of the act have been 120, 47H.!isl ounces, and tho aggregate of notes lssued $116,783,500. Tho averago prico paid for siiver dnring the year was !I4 cents jier ounoe, tho higbest prlce hcing ?1.02, July 1, 1801, nnd the lowest $0.83. March 21, 181. In vlew of the fact that the monetary con ferenoe is uow sitting, anil that 110 oonclusion has yot been reaohed, I withhold any recoin luendatlou as to legislation upon this aubject. Tho Army. Tho roport of tho secretary of war hringa again to tho attontion of congrcss some Im portant suggostioiTs as to tho reorganlzation of the infanlry and artillery nrms of the scrvice, whioh hls prodocessors have hoforo urgently presented. Our army is small, but its organizatlon should all tho more Imi put upon the most ap proved modern basis. The oonditions upon whal wo haVe' oallod the "frontier" have hcre- toforo requlred tho malntalnanoe of many small liosts, hut tho poltey of conoentration is obvtoualy the rlght one. Tho new posts should have the proper slrateglc rolation to the only "fronticrs" we uow havo, these of the seaooast and of our northern and part of our aoutht irn bonndary. I do npttbtnk that any question ofadvantage to localltlea or to itata abould dotermino the location of the new posts. Tho roorganization and cnlargemont of tho hureau of military informatlon.whlcb the sec retary has nffected, is a work the usef nlness of wliich will lioooino every year more ajipnr cnt. The work of huililing hoavy guns and tho construetion of oast ilofenses hius liceu woll begnn, and should bo carried on without Check. Depurtmeiit of Jlisttce. The roport of the atlorney goneral ls by law Ubmltted dlrootly to congross, but I oannot refralo from saylug that be has eonilui tod tho lnoreaalng work of tho department of justioo with great professional skill. Ilo has iu sev eral direetions socured tho courts' doi isions giving Inoreased prdteptlon to Uieofflcersof tho united Statos. and bringiug iu somb olaiiei of orlme thateacaped looal oognlaanoe and punishmonl ln tho tribunalsof the United Btatea, whore they cuuld be trlod wlth impar tlality. Kxeeutlve Cloiiionoy. In the matter of exocutlvocleinenoy.I ri'rnm mend Ihat unlform credlt for good behavlor be presorlbed by congrcss. 1 have oxprossod my concurn ncc ln the rooouiiuonilatltm of tho atlorney goneral that dogroos of munler shoulil be reoQgnlaed in the federal stalutos asthoyare, 1 believe, iu all the statos. Thoso grades are founded on OOTreot ilisliuetlons in orlme, The rei ognition of them would cnable the courts to oxercise some disi'rotion in ap portioning jiuuishment anil would givatly re liove the exeoutivc of whal iscoiuiug to bo a vory hoavy burden. Work of I'mtmaater flenoral. Tho roport of tho postmasUir goneral showa a most gratirylng InGNaae and a most aniolent progrrssivi' managemonl of tho uroat huslni'ss of that dopnrtinent. Tho n uiarkabh' Inoreaae in revennes, in tho nnmbsr of poetoffloea, and ln the mlles of mail earriago furnlshes further evidence of tho high state of prosperity wliich our pooplo aro onjoylng. Tho pbstal revonuos havo Increiot'il dnring the last yoar noarly $5,0uu,niNl. Tho defloll for tho year endlnir Jnne 31), 18!tt, is $818,311 less than the flefloiehoy for tho prebedlng year. The deflcioncy of the present llsi'al year, it is estimated, will bt rodueod to $1,.V:.4;.'I, whioh will not only bo extlngulsho)l iluring tlio noxt flseal yoar, but a surplus of nearly 11,090100 shoulil thon bo shown. Soetetary of tho Nnvy. The roHrt of the soorctary of tho navy ex hlhlls groat progross In tho eonstruol ion of our new navy. Whon tho preseti! roiiu y entered upon hls dutlos only three modern stoel vessels w)'rc In )'ommlsslon. Tho vo-sols slni-i put in oommlssion anil to be put in pom mlaalon dnring tho winlor will mako a tolal of 10 dnring his administration of the dopart ment. Dnring tho ourront yoar Ion wnr veaaela and threo navy tugs havo hoon launi hi d, and dur the four yoars Iwonty-tlve vossols will have been launohod. Two othor large sblpsanda torpodo boat aro nnder oontraot, and tne work upon them well advaniod, and tho fpuf rhon itors aro awaitlng only tho arrival of Ihelr nrmor, whioh has hoon unex) todlj dolayod. interior Department. Tho work of the InterioV deiiartinoiit, always vory burdensome, has bi-on larger Iban evet before dnring the administration of Secretary Noble. The dlsability ponsion law, the taklpg of tlio eleventh omsus, the oponing of ;i-t areas of Indian lands to settlement, the organ isatlon of oklohoma, and tho negotiationa for tho cossion of Indian lands fnrntah somo of the particulars of the Inoreased work and Iho result s ac hiovod teetlfy to the abllitv, fldolll y Mld indflttry of the bead of the department and his otlloiont assistanls. Tho Cherokoo strip has been the sourco of groat voxation to tho )'xecutive ilipartmont nnd of groat frtet lon and unrest botwoen the tottlors wiio dosiio to ooonpy it and tho In ilians who assort tltle. The inoroaso of jMipulation and the develop ment of some important mtning and doin nu'.roial intiTosts inaki" it Imperattve that tho law should w rovised and better provialon made for tho arrest and pnnisbment of orim inals. The rep)rt of the secretary shows a vory gratlfylng state of affalrs aa to tho oondttlbn of tho goneral land ollioe. Allotmeuts have hoon mado and pntents is suod to BOOO luilians under the pri's)'tit sorro tary and oommissionor, and 7000 additional niiotments bave been made, for whioh patents are now aro uow in procoss of preparat ion. Agrlenlt ural Dcpartiiient. The roport of the secretary of agrlcnltnn I'ontains many stlggestloni for tlio enlarged usi'fulness of this important doiiarlmoni. ln the sueeossful otfort to break down the re striotlons to tho freo lutroiluction of our meat products in the obnntries of Europo, the aec retary has hoon untiring from tlio tlrsl, atttnu lating anil sjding all othef govornniont oll! cers, at. home anil abroad, whoso omi'ial dntlea enablod them lo partieipato in tlio work. Over 40,000,1100 pounds of inspoetod pork have been exportod sinee tlio law was put Into operation, and a oomparison of tho four monthsof May, Juno, July and August, 1882. witli tho same montl s of I8BI shows an Ih creaso in the numbir of pounds of Onrexport of pork iiroduots of tli per oont. and an in croase in value of Kti ior cont. Tho export of dressed beef Increased from 187,900,000 pounds Iu 1889to8tt,S0D,000ponnSUl 1802 or about tm por oont. Durin'-r t ho p.ist yoar there havo boon ftxpoHed 9U,807 head'Of llve cattle, against 2 k1.78(iexpoi'd in lsx'.i. The reqnlremont of tho Bngllsh regnlatlona that liVS onttlo arriving from the Dnltdtl Htatos must be slaughtored nt tho dooks had Its orlgin ln the elaim that plouro nhtfulhonia cxistoil among Amerioan cattle, and Ihuttho txistonco of tho dlsoaso oould only eortuiuly b)i determlned by post mortem exatninatldn, Tho ilepartmont of ngrioulturi' lias ihbored with great onorgy and faltbfulnesaa to ox tirpate this disi'aso, anil on tho 80th day of Seiitombcr last n publio aiinoiinoomont wiis made by the soc -rctiiry that tho iliBoaso 110 longor cxisted anywhore within the I'nitod Btates. Tho total trade in hog products wlth Eu rojieans May, 1808, arhoonted to 88,000,001) poumls, ng ainst 480,000,000 in the same montb of 1801; ln Jnne, 1702, the oxports aggregated 85,500,000 pounds, against 411,500,000 pounds in tho same mouth of tho previous yoar; in.Iuly thoro was an ineroase of 4i jier oont., and August of 55 por cont. over the oorrespondlng mouthu of 1801. Pension Department, Tho passage of what Is knnMi iu tho disa bility biil has, as was foresocn, vory lafgely Increased tho annual dishursomonts to thodis abled veterans of the civll wrr. Theestlinate for this llsoal year was 1 41,1150,(10 , and Ihat amount was appropriatod. Adeftolenoy amounting to IIQJOMU must bo providcd for at this aesslon. Tln- estimalo for pensions for the llsoal year onding Juno 30, 1801, sfl8.1,000,000. Tlio commissioner of pn bions belleves that, lf the present leglslatlon and mothods aro maintalnod and furtlior ad ditious to tho ponsion laws aro not made, tho maxlmum exiKMiditure for pensiOQI will ls' reaohed June 80, 1804, and wiiiboat tho hiu'h- est point J183,(XIO,00)i per annum. 1 adhero to tho views oxprossod in previous mossagos t liai the oari' of ib). disabli-d sold ll ra ofthewarof tho roUdlion is a inai tor of 11:1- tionai ponoerfa and ituty. Pbfhaps noemotlon cools siainer than that of gratitudo, hut 1 caunot bellove that this procOSS lias yet reaohed a point with ejnr peopls that'wobld austain the polloy of rcmittiug tho i ar- of thoso disahled vot)-raus to tho iuudcuuatc ugenoies provided by lnoal Inws. Oaitbn l'aellU; ltnilway. In my last annual mossago I tialled atton tion to tho fact thnt some legislativo aotton wiuj neeessary iu orilor to p.Ddoot U10 (njerojtl of the government ln lt reinflons Witn tho Union l'nolflo rallwny. We must doal wlth tho question n wo flnd It nnd lake thnt courso whioh will, under exlstlng oonditlons, best Beeuro tho intcrests of the I'nitod Stat"s. I rocominendod in my last annual messpiso that a oommiosion be nppointod todeal?ith tho qnestion, and Ironowthnt roonmmonda tlon nnd suggost that tho oommission bo given fuii power. Ilo Isentlrely satislleil afli'rtbo most soaroh Ing Inqulry that this stati'inont was iusilliod and that by a iMintlnuance of tho inspoction and qunrantino now roquired of onttlo hroughl into this enuntry, the disi'aso oan 1m prcvented from again gotting any foothold. The value to t he eattlo Induslry of tbe I'ni ' d Stntos of this aohiovemont oim bnrdly bo es timated. Tho civll Servieo Gommlsslon asks for nn Inorensod nppropriation forneedod clorionl aSSlatanoe, whleb I thlnk should be glven. I extended tho olassitled sorvii e March 1, 1888, to inclnde phyalolans, inperin tondonts, assistant superlntendentisi BOhool toachers and malrousln tlio Indian servieo. and bave had nnder oonslderatioti tho sub.ioot of some further extonsions, but havo not as yet fully determined tho llnos upon whioh o tensions can most properly and usefully lm mado. Bnhjeot of Qnsgrantine, The sub.loct of quarantine rrgulnl ions. In speelion and rontrol was brougbt suddonty to my atti'tition by tho arrlvat at our ports. in August last, of VSJSSSlf infeotod with idiolora. Quarant ino rogulations should ho uniform at nll our ports, Under the eonstltution they aro platnty Within tho exclusivc federal jurisdii'tlon whon and so far aa oongrees shaii tegialate, ln my opinion tho wbolo subjoot should bo takon Into national oontrol, and adcquatc jsiwor glven to tho execntlvs to protoot our people UL'ainst plsgna invaslona. World'a Fair. Tho work pToparatory to openlng tho axpo slt ion iu May noxt has progrossi-il most satis faotorlly and upon a soalo of liborality and magntflcenoe ihat will worthtly snstaln the honor of thii Unitod Statos. Proteotloa of Rallrosvd Kmployes. In renewlng tho recommendatlon whioh I havo mado in three precedlng annual nios sages, that congreas should leglslate for tbe nrotectlon of ratlroad oniployes againsl tbe uangora Inotdeni to the old and lnsi4Q.nate methods of breaktng and oonpll&g whioh 4re stiil ln uso upon frelght tralns, I dosoith tho hope that t his congross may tako act ion upon tlio subjoot. Diatriot of Oolnmbla Tho Dlstrlot of Oblnmbia is left, by n de cision of tbe snprome conrt of tbe distriot, without any law rogulating tbe li'iuor tralllo. It is of urgont ftnportani')1, tberefpre, that congross should -upply, oitlior by dlrecf onact- ment or byconforrlng disopetlpnary powera upon tho coniniissioners, proper limitation and reatratntS upon the liquor tralho ln the dlstrict. A pport lonuient Kvils. In my last annual mi'ssago I endeavored to invoke sorious attentton to the ovils of unfair ripportiottmenta for oongressi 1 oannol oiose this meas&ge without again oalltng attention totheeegrave and tbreutoning evlls. I had hoped Ihat it was posslblo to soeuro a non-par- tlsan tnqniry, by meansof aoommission, Into evils the exlatenoe of whioh ls known to all, and that out of this might grow leglalatlon from whioh all thonght of partlaan advantage shottld bo ellmtnated and only the higluT thonght appear of maintaining tho freodom and purity of the ballot and fhe eqoality of theelectOT, without tho guaranty of wliich the government oould not have hoon forthed, ihmI w ithout the I'outinuani'O of whioh it oan not eontlnue to BXbtt in poaoe and prosperity. lt is time that mutual charges of unfair ness and fraud botwoen tho great parties should ooaso, and that tho sinoerity qf thoso who profess a deslre for pnreand honesl elec tions shoulil bo brought to the tost of thoir wllltngneaa to free our leglslatlon and our eleotton meshods from everythlng that tends to impair tho publio oonfldenoe, In th'an nonnoed reanlt tho neceaalty for an Inqulry and for leglslatlon by congross upon thissub Jool is omphasiod by tho faot that tho tm lonoy of tho logislation ln some statos In re rent years lias in some important particulars been away fiomand not toward free anil fair elactions an)l oqual appointments. Coiiclusion. This exhlblt of tbe work of the cxeoutivedo- partments Is submitted to oongress ahd to the puhlio in tho hope that there will bo fonnd In lt a duo sense of rasponslblltl and an earnesi purpose to malntain the national bohor and to promote the happiness aud prosperity of all our people. And this hrief oxbihit of tbe growth and prosperity of the oou'ntry will give us alevel from whioh to note tho inoroaso of deoadence that new h'gislat ivo policlos may bring to us. Tbero ls uu reaaon why tho national innehce, power and prosperity should not observe tbe aamo rates of Inorease that have eharaoter- Ized the paal Ibirty yoars. Wo Darry the great linpnlse and Inorease of thoso voars into the futuro. Thoro Is 110 roa- sou why iu many linos of produotloo we bhould not surpass all othor natious, as we hiave alroady (lone in some. Thoro aro on near frimtiers to our posalble oeveUpmont retro- gri-sslou would ho a orijme, Bbmjamim IIauhiso.v. Bxeontive Mnnslon, D. C. Oi.ivkk Wbndki.i. Holmks is to be In vitol to ireiaro tho ol of rolobration for the opentbg )d the Worhl's Fair, noxt May. SMK newspapor clippiug hureaiis r cently notilleil Tbeodore 1'arkor, Izaak Wallon nnd Jaiio Austen, throtlgh tho publishers of their works, that they wouhl for a propor oonipenaation s)'inl them noticea of thetr new books, clippol from the ueWBpapcra. BoiV to Seouro ficcdcd Ministers. Do pa-tors of churches realize how much they can do for increaiug the sreutly needed sutiply of cnudidales for the ministrv? To slimulate and encourage my brethren, let me state that it hus been my privilene to iutro duce probubly Iwt'lvis or flfteen youtig meo iuto ihe Hiicrcd calliag, nnd fmoDg Ihum the lutu lionorcd and usel'ul SupertnteDaebt of Ilotne Missions in thia state, I)r. Warren. He was a clerk in a storc whcn I began my miuistry in Dubuque. Soou after he entered upon his course of prcptraltorj there catne a family tliere Itotn Eiii;land, the bead of whieh had been a lay preacher (Congreca tioiial) in the old couutry. I soon opeucil the way for hitu to become a home missiouary in Iowa, aud he was alterwards ordained and became very usel'ul. IIc lirsl eettlt'd on a little place in tbe suburbs of thc city, where he aud two sons cultivated a little land. One day tlio eldest of these sons came to my house to sell vegetables, and, as he left, I followed hitu to thc gate, and suoestid lo hitu tbat he ought to btcome a preacher of the I gospbl, He btarled, and seemed mucb j aslonished at Ihe suggesliou ; but it re sulltd in his studying aud becomlng a mioUter, and he has been very useful iu both the East and tbe Wett, and is Btill laboripg iu lllinois. Af 111 tbe same time I made a similat' reinaik to his youm.'tr brolher,aud I will lei bim lell the story. He says in a lettir just received from bim: " My thoughls go back to the spriug of 1844, wheu, a boy just arrived from across the sea, I sat, with the other members of our fumily, for the lirst time iu the little slone church at Uubuque, and I aball never forget tbe day; afterwurds, the Sabhatli moruing, when I stood up in the newbrick church aud covenauted ; lo be the Lord's.with you as my paslor. ; You were the first miuister I tver felt comfortable in approachiug. I foughl I shy of all I had known, but you would get near me, and Iheu I was glad you did. And the June morning and the : melon patch in which I was hoeiug! II))W I was startled by your inquiry: ' William, don't you tliiuk you ought to ; be a ministei?' Till then I bad not even thought of it; but tbat question moulded all my life, and to-day, forty tive yrars after, I gaveGod Ihauks, who incliued you lo be so iukrested in a very bashful lad, anil to kindle a new fire in my eoul which has uever siuce been quenched." This last individual is n.iw an hon ored and very useful miuister of oui denomiuation in this state. I inter- 1 ested a Very benevolent gentlemau in New Englaud iu tluse young meu, and j he aided them pecunLtrily iu their ; course of study, aud they both gradu ated in the first clats in Iowa College and al Andover Semiuary. I have re feried to these cases in the course of my ministry iu the hope that it tuay lead other pastors to look for young meo of pfomfee in Ibetr cliurches, anil encouiage tbetu to enter upon tho 0Q.ble.8t I'ullinif umong meu. John C. llolbrook, in l'ucifie. ltowLAND H11.L once showed his appreclation of tbe necessity of a con sistent lue iu a professor of religiOD, in arumark ne made lespectiug one who bad applied lo be received iuto mem- ' bershtp in the cppgt'egatlop with which : he was connccied. The cauilidute stated Ibijl his lirst Imprawiuys as to the evil of sin were produced by a dreatu, which so afficted him as to lead lo sei ious Inquiry. Wheu he had euded Itowland IIill sai.l: ,l We do nol yish lo despise a good man's dicams hy any ' means; but we will lell you whal we think of the dream, after wo have seeu I how you go on when you are awake."