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VERMONT WATCHMAN & STATE .JOUJKNAL: WEDNESDAY, OCTOBEIt 2, 185)5.
4 WEDNESDAY, OCTOBEIt 2, 1893. ARTHUH HOPES, Oonoral Edltor, Tiib subscrlptlon prlco o tbo Watciiman ls 82.00 a yoar. For casli, strlctly in advance, a roductlou of flfty cents ls mado. Subscrlp tlons aro rockouod by the month. To bo on tltlod to tlio 81.50 rato, arrears mutt be patd attherate of 82.00 a year to end of month in which icttlcment is mailc. Evkuy day Bonicthing turns up to discloso tho dcBpornto condltion of Sen ator Gormnn nud bis tickct. Tho latest is tho refusal of hls registratlon ofllcers to nllow a numbor of ropubllcnUB who own hoaies, valuod nll tho way frora 81,000 to SG0.000, in Maryland, but do businces lu Washington, to rogistor in Ihat stato. A test caBO will bo taken to tho courts, but, nB Gornian controls tho courts largely, thcro isn't tuuch hopo of accomplishiug nnythitig furthcr than puttiug theui on rccord. Rhode Island, last weok, votcd ngainst a proposcd amendment to tho coustitutiou providing for bicuninl elec tion of stnto olllccrs and ttio lcgiBlaturo. Tho majority ogalnst tho propoaed nnicndnicnt wns very largo, cven iu tho ci ics whcre thcro ia a scntimcnt in fo vor of lcss frequout olcctious. Tho ntiiondmont was so loaded down with riilors, howevor, thatit was ovorwholm in'ly rcjected. In tho country tho vennli.y of tho votors is tho aurprising re.isou givcu for their opposition to the ntnoudmcnt. Less frequont clections moons fewcr opportunities to boII their votes. Littlo Ilhody, ia thia true? A cOMi'AitisON of tbo availablo caah in tho trcaaury juat boforo the flrst b nd isauc with tho atuount of avoil alilo caah on hand to-day would show tlnt tho tlireo bond iaBUC8, wliile os teiisibly madc to roplcuiah tho gold re scrve, wore in rcality niado to obtain the niouey to rncct tho deficit in the rt ceipts of tlio treasury brought aboul by deniocratic misgovernuient and at tcmpts to put the country upon a free trado basia. It ia no cxaggcrotion to say tbat hud the democrata, when thoy camo iuto powcr, olllcially announccd their intention to lct the McKinley tar iff alono, thero would bavo boen no bond isauea and no panic. TnE New York domocracy beld its annual powwow at Syracu8e laat wcek. After an angry conteBt over tho ques tion of admitting tho delegates of tho Btate domocracy frotn Now York city, Tammany's propoaition to give the rival organization a one-flfth repre Bentation was hotly reaented by Mr. F.iirchild and bia fcllow dolcgatca. Thoy took the firat train back to the city, and it is said tbat blue puffs of sulphurouB smoko wero cmitted from tho car windows all along tho route. Knives are out for tho tiger, and the threat is made that bis blood shall pay, on clection day, for tho insult and tbe dcnial of righta at Syracuse. "Tho democracy of the state of New York is busted again," declares Judge Jerolo mon, the democratic prcsidcnt of tho city's board of aldermcn. Gentlo Ilar tnony, for whoso sweetpreaenco democ racy waB so ardenlly sighing, haa picked up hcr outfit and llcd the demo cratic camp. The excise plank in the platform ia a jumble of worda. Stripped of ita verbiage and cleared of its eva sion3, it mcans frea beer aud whiskoy, and plenty of both, on Sunday as well as the six secular days of tho week to which othor brauchcs of businesa con fiuo their trafflc. IIaving reached tbe ago of sixty-four years on Sunday, September 29, Lieu-tenant-General Schofleld, comraander-in-chief of tho army, was retired by law from active service, and President Cleveland hasappointed Major-Genoral Nelson A. Miles to the cbiof command of tho nation'a military forccs. When tbe AVar of tho Ilebellion began, General Miles was a clcrk in a Btoro in Boston, Ho volunteorcd in defence of the Union, and was oloctcd captain of a company in the Twenty-second Massa chusetts. Ho was descendod from flghting stock. By hls bravery in bat tle, and distinguished sorvicea at Fair OakB and Malvern Ilill, at Fredericks burg, ChancellorsTillo and around Richmond, ho rose to tho rank of rua-jjr-general of voluntoers. After the war ho entered tho regular service. Ho was a skillful Indian Dgbtor. The fa mous Apache chiofs, Goronimo and Natchcz, Burrendercd to him. Ho won tho rank of major-gonoral in the regu lar army by tho exhibition of tho saino qualities that brought him rapid promo. tions iu tho volunteer service. Ho was in command at Chlcago during tho rioU of 1891, and was but recently trans forred to tbo coaimand ot tho deparl ment of tbo East, with hcadquarters at New York. A volunteer soldior, not a graduato of West Point, in tho chief command of tho army ia very niuch of an anomaly, but tho appolntmont has buen oarned by heroio valor and by military services of high rank. Any other appolntmont would bavo done vlolenco to " tho oternal fltnoss of things." Tlio Flrst Loglslntlro llcunlon. Iu tho cloalng days of tho loglalntivo Besaiou of 1884, u meollug of rcpro sontatlves was hM to Consldor a schcmo souio ono had conccived for holdlug a grand rounion of tho Burvlving nicm bors of all tbo lcgislaturca of tho slate. Tho originator of tho tdoa, it is goner nlly undorstood, was W. II. Fullerton, tho mombor from Mauchestor in tho logialaturo of '81. Kotlney 0. Abcll, tho perpotual uiembor from Wost HuViiii, was chairtnan of tho mectlng. The Jolibgratloua resultcd in a decision to hohh r(Vunlon in October, 1885, and an orgutit'ition was formed to manago tho affair.'lr. Abell was chosou presl dont, 0. W. Urownell, secrotary of tho sonato, and W. W. Sticknoy, clerk of tho houao, socretaries of record and corrospoudenco respcctivcly; W. II. Fullorton, F. S. Stranahan, C. A. Hibbard, II. F. Fiold and C. D. Bralnord, executivo commlttoe; J. W. Brock, treasurer; ltev. W. S. Hazou, chaplaln; C. D. Hougblon, sergcaut-at-armB; J. W. Gould aud It. J. Uoffey, doorkeopers. Tho Benators ratlflcd the procoedlngs of tho represontatives, and tho mombers from tho couuties formed supplcmeutary associations. Ilcru tlio matter reated till August 21, 1885, whon tho executivo commilteo met iu Rutland to preparo for tho rounion, which was put down for Wcduesday and Thuraday, Oclobor 7 aud 8. Tho committee on programme, consistingof Colonol Georgo W. Hookor, Hon. G. G. Boncdict, Speakor Jamoa K. Batch elder, Hon. W. 1 Dillingham, J. W. Currioraud W. B. C. Stickncy, rcportcd tho genoral feutures of the programme. Thoae embraced a reception at the state houae by Governor Pingreo aud ex-Governors Kjland Fletcher, Hiland Hall, Frederick Holbrook, J. Gregory Sniltb, Paul Dillingham, Georgo W. Hendec, John W. Stcwart, Horaco Fairbank9, Itcdflcld Proctor, Koswell Farnham, John L. Barstow, ond Eb cnezer J. Ormabee. Fletchor, Hall, Smith, Dillingham and Fairbanks havo gono tothereunion boyond tho veil dur ing tho decade tbat bas passed, and to tho mortuary roll may bo oddcd tho uame of Biogham, him of tho porenuiul minority, yet an houorary " governor " by virtuo of an unwrittou, but a unani moua, popular aaaent. Holbrook, ven crablo in years, still abidea with tho living, tbe dean of the corpa of surviv ing ex-governorB. An hiatorical ad drees, a legialative session, a display of firework8 and a banquet wore propoaed. At a mecting of tbe committee at Burlington, September 10, 1885, tho details of the reunion wero porfected and a completc programme matured. For tbo evening of Tuesday, October 0, a promenado concert at tbe Golden Fleece was arranged. On Wedneadoy morning, October 7, i reception at tho state house by tbe governor and living ex-governorB; in the afternoon an ad dresa of wclcome at tho Golden Fleece, by George W. Wing, Esq., of Mont pelier, followed by a joint legialative aesaiou; in tbe evening a meoting do voted to rcminiscenccB, anecdotes and memorableoccasionsin tho historyof tho legialature, and a diaplay of fireworks. On Thursday morning au bi6torical ad drces, in the afternoon a legialative ecsaion, in tho evening a banquet. Tueeday evening, October 0, thero waa a gatbering at tho capital of all tbo legialative clana that had survived tho wrecka of time. Tho scenes at the hotela and throughout the town re minded obaervora of tho night before the meetiug of tho legialature; excopt that thcro wero no anxioua candidates for legia:ativo ofllcea, and tho button holiug aud log-rolling incidcnt to a canvaaa of the members. It was a gay and fcslive sceno. Hoarty greetinga, the renewal of tho associations of "auld lang Byne," incidont, anecdote, and rcminiacence, and a genial hilarity ruled the hour. It appears from tho roster of vlsiting stateBmen tbat the repreBentation of bygone legislatures Btretched back to 1830. On that dis taut legislative borizon was seen the familiar form of Rollo Gleason, repre sontativo frora Richmond. Ho waB also a membor again in 1853, and the presiding geuius in the " third houso" of overy lcgislature till tirao's Btatuto of limitationa had barred him out. Ilia peraonality and that of his grcat coui patrtot, old Hugh Henry of Chester, a generution ago, wero tho mo9t plc- tureequo features of a legislativo ses- Bion. llon. 11. K. ilubbtU of Fairfax, senator In 1830, '38 and ''12 was tho solo representation of the flrst aenate, tbe existence of that brnncb of tho general aBsembly bcgiuning in 1830. On Wedneaday morning tho arriving trains swellcd the nuaiber of forraer legislators in attendauce and brought an immenso crowd of spcctators. Tho governor's reception was a grand cruah of humauily, and iu tho afternoon tho proceseion that left tho Pavilion for the Golden Fleece seemed to be of in terminable lougth. Tlio aplendld audl torium of that mummoth li 11 and its spacious gallories Bwallowed up tho vnat crowd, and when the presiding olllcer's gavel ropped toordor, 2,500 pcoplo wero seated comfortablv and without crowd ing. It was a Bplondld usf'einbluge of common peoplo and dlgnitarii b, nu-n in public and in privuto liHi, tho fathors vouerablo in gray, mon in tho prlnio of mnnbood, and youlh pressine on to flll tho gaps of tltno in the raukB of'ctlizcn sblp. Thoaddressof wolcomu by Georgo W. Wing, Esq., waa in that goutlo man's happleat voin, but tho cap-sheaf of felicity aud Bldo-BplittltiB laughter was tho spccch of Lyman G. Hiuklcy, ox-lleutonant-govornor, tho mcmbor of mauy legislatures from Chelsea, fatuous throughout tho stnto for wlt ond hu mor, a big boart and good followshlp. After tbo formallties of tho occaslon woro ovor, Mr. Hinkloy was installcd as mnster of tho revels. Hls apccch was bubbllug over witli funny anecdoto aud apt alluslon. Undor his magic s way tho grealauditory burst inlo peals of laughter and rounds on rounds of op plauso. His concluding hit bas been tbo Kohinoor of nnecdoto and romlnle cenco of tho grcat soeial festival. Turn ing towards Seuators Morrlll and Ed munds, who wero seatod on tho plat form, after ho had bcon spcikiug of Yermonl's lnflucnco in tho sonato of thi. Unlted Statos, ho snid: " Whon I look at my two fricnds I fcel as mucli revurcnco for thom as did a certain old clergymau I onco know for tho old prophets. Ho used to put tho cart be foro tho horso. Speaking of tho old prophets, ho said they wero wonderful mcn; thoy could mako tho blind licar aud the dcaf soa. Fiually ho rose up iu hisdiguityand said: 'They could do oven moro than this thoy could east out tho dead and raiao tho devill'" When Senator Edmund8 roo to respond to this uuuaual introduction, ho turned the tables upon tho presiding ofllcer, after somo pleasantries, by remarkiug: "I, for ono, could excuac him whon bo said wo wero ablo to raiso tho dovil,be cauae, oa he tias just told you, I as sistcd to a coneiderablo dcgreo in bringing hlra up!" Thcro wero reuniona of acuates and housesof rcprcsentativcs; mcetings in which a grcot stream of rcminisconco llowcd in from tho post; all Vermont's ancient wortbies wero rccalled and hcr historic pnat rovivcd. Thero was a realizatiou of the poel's vision: Tbe nlgbt sball be lllled with uiuslo, And the cares tbat iufost tbe day Sball fold their tentH, ltke tbo Araba, Aud as sllontly stoal away. A great banquet in the Golden Fleece on Thuradoy evening closed tho festiv- itieB. This waa probably, aB Senator Edmunds remarkcd, tbo flrst timo, in the history of any civilized country, of a reunion of this kiud, whether in u country of parliaments, or a country of republlcs. It was uniquo tbat gentle men who, through a long series of years, ono after anothcr, haveboen con- nected with the welfare, the prosperity, of socicty as every lcgislator is in a pcculiar degree, as cvcry citizen is in a largo degree havegathored together to renewold acquaintances, to remember old times, and to considcr tbe welfare and progress of tho republic of which they form so conspicuous a part. It was really a great occaslon and a se- rious occasion. To-day begins tho aecond of thesc decennial festivalB. May it eclinse the flrst in numbers, in enjoyment, in jocund Bpirit, in the renowal of patriot- ism and stimulating of state pride in all tbing8 that a peoplo should feel a pride. Many, very many old familiar land marks havo pasBed away since the last reunion. Tho present will soleninly and imjressively illuatrato tho mortality of man. Tho Flrst Lcgislature of Vermont. From the cbaoa that exiated in this good land of the Green Mountnins duriug tho flrst half-century of its settlemcnt by white mon was flnally ovolved a constitutional government rudimentary as comparcd with tbe fabric of tho present times, but still a conatitutional government, with its powers deflned and the machinery provided for its adminiatration. The exerciso of powor passed from the hands of committces and conventions and councils of safety, and wai taken up, under a writton constitution, by a governor chosen by tho poople, cxe- cuting Iuwb enacted by a general assom bly composcd of repreaentatives elected by the frecmen of tho towns. This constitution was formed July 2, 1777, at Windsor, and is the gorra of tho existing constitution. It vestod the executivo powor in a governor and council of twelvo members, the law- makiug power in a boueo of repreaenta tives called tbe general assembly, and eBtablished courts of jus'ico. It is a notoworthy ci cumstanco, in respect of past and present ugitatiou of tho qucstion as to whether population or thu town should constitutu the basia of reprcaentatiou in tho legialature, that the flrst constitution of tho Btate distinctly recognlzod tho principlo of ropreeentation on tho basia of popula tion. Section 10 of that iiiBtrumcut providua that "each town wlthin this Btate that conaiata, or may coubIbi, ot' elghty taxublo iuhabitantB may cbooae each, two repreeontatives; and each olher inhahitod town ono reprcBentatlve." In the flrat reviBion of tho constitution, soven years later, tho Council of CunsorB still moro oiu- pbatlcally oudorsed this principlo by recommendlng that thu stato bu divided into districts, having rrgard to populu tlon, nnd that each distriot rlcct ono reproseutativo to tho genoral ajsoinbly. This constitution of 1777, formed by dologatos choson by tho towns, was novor aubmltted to tho pooplo for their opprovnl. Tho tltnes woro troublous, publtc opiulon was unsettlcd, nnd it was dccmcd hazardoua to sond tho iustrumont b.ick to tho pcoplo; but it was silcntly Bubtnilled to bccauso any organizod governmant was doemed profernblo to tbo disordcr that had so long oxistcd. Undor this constitution, tho flrst olcction was bold on tho flrst Tuesday in March, 1778, and tho First Legls la uro of Vermont convcned at tho mcetlng-houso in Windsor on tho second Thursday in March, the twelfth day of that month. Captain Joscph Bowkcr was chosen spoaker and Major Thomas Chandlcr clerk. After the organization was complotcd, tho Rov. Mr. Powers preached a sermon from Matthow xxviil:18, for which the clcrgyman was offlcially thnukcd and a cony dcslred "for tho press." A furthor mark of favor was shown in u voto that "lcavo bo glvcn to any person to contribute" to tho parson; Spoaker Bowkor was "appolnted to recoive snid contribution," and the muniflcent sum of "teu pounds, lawful moncy," wdb comributcd aud dellvert d to tho preachcr. A cnnvaas of tho votes showed that Coloncl Thomas Chittouden had been electcd governor. Colonol Jostph Marsh lackcd clcven votes of a majority of tho suffruges of tho frctmon for the ofllco of "deputy governor," ond the coloncl was thcrcupon electcd to that oillce by tho "general assembly." "After this cboice wus made," the journal of tbo proccedings says, "there waa brought in flfteeu votes for Coloncl Marsh, which, if they had come before, no would iiavo been cuosen, by a majority of tho suffragos of the frcc man, at larce." Cnptain Bowker hav ing bcpn clccted to tho governor's council, aud Major Chandlcr appointed secretary of stato, Nathan Clark as chosen spoaker nud Benjainiu Baldwin clcrk of the assembly for the ycar. Fift towns wore reprcsented by Bixty three mcmbera. Vermont, it muat bo remembcred, had declared her indcpendence in January, 1777, tind was now a sovereign state. She owed nnd acknowledged allegiance to no earthly powor, not cvcn to tho continental congreas. The cvents of the timoimpelled the men of the Green Mountaina to tako this bold atep, and it waa fearleaaly taken. Thoy wero ongaged in a life or death strugglo with New York. Their cauae had been referred to tho king of England, but while it waa being fnvorably conaidcred by his ministers tho War of tho Revolu tion began, and the colonies declared their independence. The continental congress hesitated to affront tlio power ful stato of New York by recognizing tbe Now Hampsbire Granta, as the territory was known, as an independent stato. So there wos nothing for a bravo and spirited people to do but to declaro and maintain their independence, which they did, for fourteen years, till the fedoral congress, in 1791, took them into the Union. The enactmont8 of tho flrat legiala ture wero of a practical cbaracter. The rovolutionary strugglo was then in progresa. Tbo stato was environed with enomics and tbe leading mcasurcs necessarily related to tho public de fense. Theso wero liberal in the, pro vision made for tho state's troops and for thoso wounded iu battle, butuucom promisingly sovero in the punishincnt of tories and other " cnemical per sons," and in tho conQscation of their ostatos. Tho littlo ropublic imposed no tax upon its peoplo for several years. It lived upon its encmicB. Thoincomo from tho sale of tory estates oiled the whcels of government. Mombers of tho assembly wero puid three dollars aday and " fourpence per mile for horso travel." Among the economic measures were tho appoiut ment of oversoers to tako care of the timber on tho governor's lots and alao for tho protection of white plne timber suitable for masts. Here was a pro vision which, resolutely adhored to by auccoeding legislatures, would havo saved to the stato vast BtrotcheB of primeval foreata.' The examplo of theso primitive lawmakers in this ro spect is worthy of imitation in these later days. Thoso splendid fortsts of white pino aro gone, nover to bo ro producod, but there aro othor forcst trees aud great forost areas that aro worth proserving, and there aro vast stretche8 of barren lands that should be, and may be, reclothed with timber trees. In treating ttieao important uiatters, legislatures, in thoso closing years of tho nineteenth coulury, may learu practical isdom from tho par enl legUlaturo ns well as from deur ex perionco. A bill to prevent " somc in dividuaU catchingall the flsli that pasa and repass up and dowu White rivor, so cnueu," will nnve a lamuitir sounu iu theso times of flsh aud gamo laws. The itnporlaiico of " good ronds -vob rt'coguizcd by tho uppoiutment of a comniltteo " to preparo a bill for pro vldlug, altering, rcgul.nlug aud nmond Ing, highways." That the repreaenta tivos woro alivo to the induatrlal growth of the state is iudiculed by thu np polntmcnt of a cominitteo to coufur witha Mr. McConnoll, "a wlro drnwor nnd card ninkor, nnd mako rcport what protnium thoy shall judgo ought to be glvcn said McConnoll if ho will sot up n mnnufactory in this Btato." That thoso woro God-foaring lawmakers, is shown by acts for tho rccognitlon and obsorvanco of tho Sabbath. That thero woro slorn moralista among thom, ap pears in tho circumstanco that " tho potition of John BarnoB, John Now ton and Benjamln Baldwin to mako n lottory, after bolng rcad and dobatcd, wos put to voto nnd passed in tho negntivo." A proinium wns votcd for tho destruction of wolves, but np parently foxos, wocdchucks, "and other noxlous nnimala," objecta of the dis plensuro of modorn stntcsmen, had not I yot been proscrlbed. Tho dog, the vngrant hcn and turkoy, had not yet becorao the objccts of proscrlptive law making. Wolves and tories wero kin dred "varmint" in tho purvlow of thoso solons, nnd, if nny distinction was made in tho effeotivcuc9s of tho menns pro vided for their cxtormlnatiou, tho dis crlminatiou was lnrdly iu favor of the tory, ns tlio following incidont shows: At tho second session of this legislnturr, iu Juue, 1778, a potition by David Red ditig was taken iuto couslderatioti. Reddlng had been couvictcd of "tnem ical conducl," and Bontenccd to hu hanged on the fourth of Juuo. To the curiosily to wiiness tlils, thu flrat hang ing in Vermont, wan udded tho inlensc fceling of indiguutiou bucIi a crlmu ox cited at that puriod. Owing to somo lcgal faull in tho trial, a reprievo was granted at thu timo tho people wero ollccting to see the ond of thU victim of elenientory juitice. Vith such a niultitudc, says tho chroni der of tho incidont, aud on such nn occasion, it was in vain to rensou, or to tnlk of the rights of Euglishmen, They had all pronounccd tbeculprit guilty, and tluy could not undurstaud upon what pi in ciple the verdicl of tho whole com munity could be set aside, with so littlo ceremouy. While disappoiutniont and indignatiou wero at their height, Etban Allen pressed through the crowd, aud, mounting a Blump, waved his hat and commnnded, "Attcntion, thu wholol" Ho announced the reasous for the repriovo, nnd advlaed tho multitudo to dopart peaceably to their homes, and return on the day flxed for the exccu tion in the act of tho governor and council, ndding, "You shall seo some body hung, at nll events, for if Redding Ib not then hung, I will bo hung my selll" Redding was again tricd, again found guilty by a legal jury, aud was hangcd on the day appointed. Acts of a moro important cbaracter ostablished thu common law as tho law of thu stato; providod attorneys for the county courts ond regulated their foes; constituted probate districts; provided for tho election of inferior judgcs, ahcriffs, eto. ; divided tho stato into two counties Bennington on the west, with the towns of Bennington and Rutland as shires, Cumberland o:i the east, with Westminster nnd New bury as shires; puniahed trcaaon and atrocioua crimes; ontortained a propo aition of union with aundry towns iu New Hampshire, which was effected, nnd many towns in that state, with others from New York, weru reprc Bunted in subscquent legislatures. Re taliatory in part, this scheme of uniting to tho littlo ropublic tbo border towna of the two claimants of her territory had apparently a wise purpoao in a de eign to onlarge and strengthen tbo frontiers. As has boen stated, this legialature convcned at Windsor, March 12, 1778. March 20 it adjourned " until tho flrat Thursday of Juno next, to meet at the houso of Captain Stephen Fay of Ben nington." At. tho latter pluco tho ses sion continued till Juuo 26, " to meet whon His Excellency the Governor commands." It never met again. Each session continued through thir teon working days. Tho acts of this legislaturo were nover printcd. What they wero appears cbielly from the records of the assemb'y. They were comprchensive in cbaracter, providing for dotence, for tho adminiatration of juBtice, the punishment of crimes aud offeucos asainst tho stato and indlvid- uals. Thoy provided for tho moral and and matorial wolfaro of tbo people. Tho legislators had a clear understand ing of what coustitutos a slate, and what should constituto tho stato of Ver mont. There was no lawyer araonu: thom, but they managed to put tbeir meauing into vory clear and matter-of fact English. No court was needed to construo their acts. They wure roao luto mon, thoy woro patriotlc, thoy woro mon of uatlvo iutelligence, clear reason and sound judi'mont. Thoy woro intensely in oaruost. Thoy wuru bucIi men us tho constitution required that the froemun should chooso to rep rosent them. Thoy woro inun of "wis dom nnd virtuo." Ai appliod to thom. thero win no irony in tho plinso. Tho First Legislaturo of Vermont is worthy of ospecial conimemorntiou at tliis sec ond reunion of tho meuib rs of suc Ciiodjiif.' legis'n ures. Nono bas had u moro dilllcult or onorous task to per form. Nonu has bulter or more wisoly ond patriotlcally perfornied its task. High honors to tbo Firet Legislaturo ot Virmontl toowTinnED FnoM rmsr rAon.) Jauios IIodRdon of Cabot, for porjnry. Of tbo bllls toiind, nlUH woro cukoh UKnltist Elvln Hlioido of Wttrrmi for pntlt larcony j two llquor casos BRalnHt OnorRo Willlaiiidon of Warren! aud tliroo BKitlant Carlos Mar tln, for uttempt at Hiiboruatlon vf purjdry. Harvoy Ilad(?or of MarMbfleld in cliarKi-d witli au asaault and battery. IIIh ball was flxod Mouday foronoon at 8500, wldcli was furuisbod by J. 1'. Lainnon, A truo bill waa fouud aRailiat JoHepli Gardner of SVater bury for larceny, He was ono of Uiomo wbo wero bouuil ovor, aud Iihh boen iu jall for souie tlini. A Homotvliat aonaatlonal caso is tbat of Stato v. 0. 0. Warron of Watorbury nnd J. W. Tltcombof St. JoIhih bury, Veriiiont flali comuilBHtouerH, wbo aro cliarKod wiUi,fiirtilliliin lntoxicatitig llquors to tbo l(!RlHiHtlvo couitnlttoe on tbeir vlslt to tbo AhIi batcbery at Roxbury in tbo fall of 1891. Hall In oacb caao wns llxed at 8500, which was furnlsbed by J. W. litock, iNtbo presonoo of a largo nutnber of lu tereated npoctatora, the portraltof tbe lato JnmoM H. Laiipdoii, paintod by T. V. Wjod, was unveltod at tbo VVood Art Gal- lory last Frlday evonine. Tbo laat HittlnR was only ten days beforo Mr. LaiiRdouV deatb, and, by thoso wbo know liltn boat, tbo portralt Is considorod accurate, lifelike, andin overy way Hatlsfactory. In presentinR tlio portralt Mr. Wuod Halil: " Ladies aud Gentleinen: Ncarly in front of tbis velled picture thero aat, only a few weeka ago, at the oponing rtcoption of tbia collection of patQtitiKri. our very Rood aud dear friend, tbe )relduut f tbe triiHteon of tliiH gallery, in apparently tlio full vlnor of a bealtbful old ago. IIIh lntereat lu tiie huccums of our effjrts was ontbuniastic, and in lil.s sudden deatb Montpelier bas met wltb a groat losn, In momory of hls kind boart, bia genial na ture, and bis Hyinpathetic comradeablp iu tlie grent work wo liavo undjrtakon, l'ro fesaor Hnrapas and inysulf bavo tlio liouor to present to our truHteoi for ils permanent liouio iu tblg collection this portralt of Jauios II. Langilon, tlrst president of tbo trustees or tlils Uallery ol Flno rts." A I.AUOK aiuoiint of rDtitine busluufs was dlsposed of at the semi monthly lueotltiK of tbe city council last Wtdutailay eveuli tr. E. J. Thornton was licensed to place an uir- gun target on the city lot, aul li 1- wuson was glven nermislou to uive au e xhibitiuu there. Tiie potition of l'ina Urotbers and others for au extension of tho plank slde- walk on Elm street was referred to tbe couiuiltteu on streets Alderman Stratton was autborlzed tu settle the bill of J 0, Fiynn for furnishing water for a trotigb up woicoster hranch. J'ermlsslon was grauteil for linlnir a seiver from lleaton llotnital to Muin street. Tiie stteet coiniuihsloubr wa aulhorized to cut ofl tiie sewer on Lili erty street wliere it coimects witli Ivoomis street. Tbat olllclal was alsci authorized to lower tbo drain on Sumiuary llill at tbe rear of the boardlng-bouses, iu order to draln tiie prumlse? of Mr. Mills. Tlio itreet comuitssionur was instructed to pur in a slx-toot si'iewalk on East Btato street Irom .Main to ilubbard. Aldermen Colton and Huswell were instructed to decorate tbo cliy olerk's otllco in bonor of tbo legialative reuulon anil to cliarge tbo oxpenso to tbo city Tiie appllcitlon of F. E. Orout, V. II. Ij'iiubard anil (i. I) Dutler for au t.'xton- alou of tbo iterllu wator system wis re ferred to tbe superintendent of water-works, who ls tu report tbo estlmated expenso to the next ineetlng. Thk morning and noon trains of Tuesday brought tbo advance cuard of tbe ex mem bers and seuators, who, beforo Weduesday morning, will, it is expected, asseuible 1,500 Htrong to attend tbo second decennial reuniou. With good weatbor, everytblng poiuts to a most succes.sful aud eujuyablo occaslon. worK nas been pusnetl nay anu nlclit for tho last two weeks on the Golden Fleeco bulldlng, and It will bo ready for oc- cupancy at tho tlrst meetlng at ton o clock AVednesday morning. Tbe placoa of busi ness ceuerally tbroiiEbout tbo city aro dec- orated wlth fldgs and buutlug, aud present a very auimated appearance. Whero the decoratious are ao general, it seems Invldi ous to ineatlon any partlcular bulldlngs or deslgns. Tiie honie olllco of tbe Kational Life Insurauce Comnany. tbe buildlnc of the Vermont Fire Insuranca Company, the Pavilion, Montpelier Houho and Kxchange Hotel, the post-otllo. and nearly overy store and ofllco ou Main and Stato streets. have more or less elaborite and tasty deco ratious. lhe work of tlio reception com mittee, ot which L. Bart Cross is chairman, has been tboroughly done, and accummo- dations have leen provided for all who have maue nppllcatlon. Une or more mem bers of tbe recentiou comiulttee can be found at all times at tbe Montpelier House to assln rootus to those lor wuoin provlslon lias uot already ueeu maue. So much informatlon and mlsluformation bas been nublished in tbo daily papers dur ing the past week regardlng tbo will of the late James H. Langdou, now on tlio in the offlce of probate, that tbe Watciiman has taken palns to obtain an exact knowledge of its provlsions. Tho will was made July 1, 188S D. D. Ranlett of St. Albans and Albert Tuttlo of Fair Haven aro named as executors. To Lucy Sbroeder. bis daugb ter, is left S100.000, and tbe house and lot, No L'7 East Thlrty-first. street. New York, with everytblng thereln owned by Mr. Langdon. To Llzzle W. Langdon is left 8100,000, and tho houisstead and furnish lnga, plato, eto.. on Main street, Montpelier, to bo kept lor her and not to be sold (turlng her llfetime. Tbo sum of 840.000 ia left In trust with tho executors, the lncome to bo Pild each year to Oalra K. Nicholas. lils sis- ter. At her deatb this s im roverts to Mrs. Sbroeder and MNh Langdou. In additlou to tbo sum of 81,500 now in tbe hands of the couiin snloneis of Green Mount Cema terr. au ailditional 83.000 ls left. the In come to bo de.voted to the perpetual care of tbe Langdou lot aud monument in Green Mount Cemetery Other uiinor bequests are 825,000 to MarU D. White, bis bousekeeper; to Lucy E. Uoutwell, 85,000; to James R. Langdon, hls grandnephew, 85,000; to Emlly A. uoouwlu, co.vOu; to umny A. xutiie, SlO.OOOj to Hattie O. Koitb, a sister of Mrs. Laugdon, 85,000; to Andrew Hodgdon, Francls lirown. T. C. Barrows and E, D. Blackwell, S 1,000 each. All tbe roMdue of bia estato is left in trust for bis two daugb ters, Mrs. Sbroeder and Lizzle W. Langdon. tTAMES 11. Xa-VOJJO-V. HcHolutlona to Hls Memorr Adopted hr the Survlvlne Dlrectors of the Aloiitie lier Nntlonal llnnk. The board of directora of tbo Montpelier Natloual Uank, deslring to place on record a memorlal of tbeir grlef at tbe sudden deatb of Hon, James lt. Langdon, aud to expreBS tbeir ympathy to hls Immedlato lamliy and irienus in ino ioss au uuve ex perieuced by bis deatb, hereby adopts the following resolutlon; " Itesolved, that wo remember our busi noas relatlons wltb Mr. Ladgdon, exieud ing over many years, and hls unlform courtesy and kinduess to all those asso ciated wlth hitn In the managemeut of said bauk; tbat aa president of said bank, by bis knowledge of men and aflairs, hls wise couustl, calui judgmeut, sound dlttcretion, aud conservatlve manageiiient In all mone tary affalrs, hu had Becured for said bauk and retalned the couthlence ot tbe publlo to an extent not surpassed by any other tlnanclal lnstltution; tlut, whllo uot au otllce-soekor, be did uot sblrk any ot tho responslbllitles of cltizensblp, but falth fully and conscleutlously diacharged all puhllc dutles devolvlng upon lilm; that lie has passed to hls tlnal rest after a loug aud uveutful life, leaving only pleasaut mem ories behind him, a loving busband, ludul gent father, considerato employer aud loyal oltlzen, whoae Ufe of strlct integrlty is worthy of emulation, w.dcli helps to easo thu paln of those wbo tako up thu burdeu lald dowu by him; that those resolutious bo spread upon tho record cf sahl bauk, aud a copy thereof sont to tbe fainll.v of the do ceaseit." Slgnod George W Scott, II. S. Loomls, (Jlark King, Albort Tuttlo, dt rectors l)r uslng IIiill's Halr Henower, gray, faded or discolored halr a-Hiiiiiesthonatural color of youlh, and growa luxurlant aud gtroug, ideasiug everybody. Washington County Court. Edwin K. .Tonbs, Apt.. v. Kht.tk m .r. W Ellis Tbo trial of tlils cas 1)..wbm September '23. Tlio bulk of tho tostlmony conalated malnly of doposltlons, of wblcb tho plalntllT put twolvo Into the caso, Tho (ividonco ot tho plaintlff disolosed that on Aprll 14, 1800. thero occurrcd, ut the Flrst Natlon ,i Iiank In Moutpnller, a conversa- tion in wincii tno plaintiu, who resldefi in Northfield, and the afjrosald J. W, Ellis aud II. I Cuttlng of Northfield were pres ent. Cutting was tlio prlnclpal wltnosi for tlio plalntllT, and was aublectod to a lonr? oxatulnatlon. Tlils conversatlon, as ro- vealed by blm, related to certain reprosen tatlons mado by Ellis In regard to tho stock of tho Sloux Clty Valloy Land Company of Slpux City, lowa, tnstlfylng tliat Ellis had said to Cu'tlng lu that conversatlon, In ref- urnnuo iu ino aioresam company, that it was no Fort ravnoor Leavnnwnrtli nr.lii.tnn. but was as solld as a rock and that ho knew wbatbo wastalklng about; that two days after, in consequence of this conversatlon, he, Cuttiug, camo down from Northfield and purchased from Ellla, for Jones, flfty aharos of stock in tlio company (of wlilcb the par valuo was 8100 per share) at 840 per share, pay lng 82,000 for tho same. He also purchased at tno same timo aomo stock for blmsolf. PlalntllT claimed tbat tlils stock was wortbless at tbe timo, It ap- poired tbat tbe organization of tbo com pany was malnly duo to C. W. Iialdwin of Sloux Clty, who purchased 200 acroi of land in tuo suourbs oi tnat clty or uamuel Krumman, paying him 860,058 cash down, and also giviug him noto of 8500.58, se cured by a inortgago on the land for tho balauco, Iialdwin taking tbo deed to him. self as trusteo for tbe company, wblcb was sbortly aftor organized as a corporatlon UDiier ino jiaino law. ino lanu was turned lu to the dlrectors of tbo company at 8500 per acre, and a second mortgage givon to ono Wallace, a straw man, Beouring notes to the amount of 541,370, wblcb notes wero afterwards In a largo measuro pald off, tliougb what bacamo of tho uiouey did not appear in the case. Tbo directors turned lu tbe land to tho company at 8700 por acro, aud bonds, cecured by a thlrd mortgage on the land, were dlstrlbuted among tho ftve dlrectors of the company, givlng 'hem each a little over 88,000 lu bonds, which were never paid. Tho collapso of tbe company followed. Krumman forcclosed bis mort gage and purchased the land at a sheriff's sale, May 11, 18!), for 841,000 The defence produced C. li Oldtleld, a banker of Sloux Clty, who testifled as to the relaMvo values as to property at the tline the companj sold the stock and now, and upon the questlon of relatlve values most of tbo defendaut's Hvldence was dlrecled. F. L. Smith of Montpelier testltled for the defeudaut. It app ared that ho was oue ol the dir. ctor-i in tbe CDinpany and the bonds ho received from tho coinpauy were to have been di vided belween hlmself, Ellis and F. L. Eaton had anything boen reallz-d from tliem. Most of the stock was sold by Ellis, for which ho received a comiulsslon ol ton per cent. J. I' Limsouand S. C. 3Uur-,leff rgued the oiso for the plaluiiff, aud F. A. HowUud and V. I. Dillingham for the de lendaut. Judt;e Thompson, in bis cbarge, held tbat all rlght of plalntllT to recover on account of fraud or deceit ceased on the deatb of Ellis, and, unless plalntiff p oved repruBentatloui in the sale of stock amount ing to a warrauty or au absence of value In the stock at tbat time, he could not recover. The caso was subuiitted to the jury about eleveu o'clock Tuesday forenoou. The jury, about four oVlock Tuesday afternoon, re turned a verdlct for the defendant. They also auswered tbe Inteirogatory Bubmltted to them, tbat the stock had value at the time of sale, and also that Ellis, at tho time of sale, did not warrant that tho stock was worth 840 per share. I. II. P. ROWBLL V. M. J. DUNWOODIK and Fkank Pkukau, Tkustee. This case is now ou trial. The parties reslde in Montpelier. Plalntiff seeks to recover about 8800 on a contract to withdraw from contestlng a will made by blm with defend ant, who was reslduary legatee of Joseph Rowell, a brotber of plaintifT. T. R. Gor don for plalntiff; G. W. Wing and H. A. Huse for defendant. Judge Thompson at 3:15 Tuesday afternoon dlrected tbe jury to return a verdict for tho plaintifT for 820.40. Statb v. Josepu Gahdnbk. Respondent was charged wltb tho larceny of a sult of clotbes from tbe store of George Burnbam in Waterbury last August. He wai ar rested by Deputy SberilT -Graves two days after the larceny, as the result of a success ful search warrant, tbe respondent volun tarlly givlng up tho clotbes at the time, and was bound over to awalt the action of the grand jury. He pleaded guilty on Tuesday afternoon and was senteuced to one year in the state's prlson at Windsor. He is twenty-four years of age. G. E. Holden Btatod his case to tbe court. State v. Altbed lt. Millaiid. Indicted for the larceny of 831 in mouey, tiro or slz rings, a rovolver, knife, and two wallets, from R. C. Davis, a farmer in Waterbury. He also pleaded guilty. His age is elgbteen years. He was represented by W. A. Lord. He was sentecced to the bouse of correction at Rutland for tbe term of four months without costs. AmiKSTS have been made in the following cases on indictmeuts found by tbe grand jury, as follows: State v. Carlos Martin of Warren, for attempt at subornatlon of perjury iu three cases. Hall was rlxed at 8500 in each case, which was furnl-died by J. II. Senter. State v. Elwin Shonio of Warren, for nlne cases of petit larceny. Itail was llxed at 8100 in each case. He has not yet furnlsbed bail and is in jail. State v. Georgo Williamsou of Warren, one case of Belling, twenty-slx olTences, and one case of furnishing intoxicatlng Uquor. Ball fixed for the selllug at S1,000, and for the furnish ing 8300 not yet furnished. State v. Frank Huntington and Hermau 8. Wbeeler of Marshfield, (or an assault on David Spicer of Marshfield, Marcb 24. 1895. Ball rlxed at 8200 in each case. G. W. Wing is tbo piin cipal bondBtuau. Waterbury Center Items. R. N. Demeritt of Plattsburgh was In tbe place on business last week. Mrs. Romella Stearns bas sold the upper Sart of tba 8tdarns farm, and ten cows, to 'at Sawyor, The Ladles' Soclety of the Methodlst cburcb will meet wltb Mrs. Harvey Eddy tbls (Wednesday) afternoon. Our dressmaker, Mrs. Cora Morrlson, who has been in Boston and Worcester the past week, bas returued with all the latest styles iu the dresstnakiag art. Dr. E. J. Foster-Eddy of Boston wbs wltb hls parents last Salurday and Sunday. The docior has lust returued from a trip to Wis- consln, whero be vlsited a sister and two brotbers. Rev. aud Mrs. F. M. Buker arrlved here last Saturday, aud wero cordlally greeted by tbeir many frlends. Mr. Buker preaobed hero Sunday morning and at tbe Rlver in tbe afternoon. Tbe quarterly conterence and communion service at tbe Methoilis- cburcb will be beld next Sunday afternoon at two o'clock. Pre sldiug Elder Sherburne will be present and have cbargo of the sorvlco. George Uunter, a short time ago, lost hls ouly cow. Hls ueigbbors and friends, sym patldzliig wlth bim in hls loss, have joint d together aud pu-cbased another cow for him, for which kindness Mr. Uunter dusires to express bis heartfelt tbanks. Nettle Chase, a former teacher In tbe seuiiunry, and who now represents tho woKian suffragists of ermout, will lecturo lu lhe Baptlst churcb on Thursday evening at half past seveu o'clock Mlss Chase is well known in tbls community, aud wo are sure tbls aunouucemeut will bring out a lull houso. Kvkkv uinther should know that croup can bo prevented. The tlrst Byuintom of truo croup ls hoarseness. Tbls is followed by a peculiar rough coueh. If Cbamber lalu's Cough Iteiuedy ls given froely a- soon as tbe cbild becomen hoarse, or cven after tbe cough has developed, it will pruveut ibu attaok. TAeuty ttve and llfty.euut bottlos for sale by O. Blakely, druggist, Montpelier.