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VERMONT WATCHMAN & STATE JOURNAL, WEDNESDAY, AP, IL 27, 1898.
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 27, 1898. ARTHUR ROPES, Oonoral Edltor. Up Wlli tlio Flng. All tho country is nblnzo witli patrl otic nrdor. Tho troops of tho rcgular arniy hnve gouo to tholr campa amld public manifoslalion8 of tho livoliest interest, and la anawcr to tho call of tho Frosidont for volunteera tho ro crulting atationa aro throngcd by mon oagcr to ouliat. Ships, battorics, regi monts aro profforcd tho govornmcnt from ovory qunrt.or. Theso patriotic contributiona aro vrithout distinctlon of soction, or occupatlon, or color, or pro vioua condltion of local or political or racial antagonism. Tho story of tho groatuprising would 111 columua of thia nowapapor. From occan to ocoan, from tho northorn boundary to tho Gulf, thoro ia ono country and ono flag. In spito of eomo wrangling and diaagrcemonta aa to de talla in tho national councils, tnoro ia fcrvont unlty on tho main issuo, tho expulaion of tho barbarian Spaniard from tho country ho haa miBgovorned and oppressed, and tho catabllahing of a froo and indepondont governmont for tho long suffering victima of his inca- pacily to rule and his mediwvnl and historic cruolty. No peoplo ever went to war ln holior cauae. Tho history tho Amer ican nation ia making in tho closing yeara ot tne century is the moat rc- markablo and tho moat inspiring in tho recordB of all timo, ovon in tho atory of our own proud times. An instinctivo lovo of liberty may movo mon to striko for tholr own frecdom. A highor mo tlve, a purposo that waa bequoathed to mankind by tho victim of Calvary, im- pels tho nation to mako for tho free dom of another tho sacriflces of blood and troaauro its peoplo havo endurod for IhomsclvoB and tholr children. A continuation of Mr. Davla' val' uablo and intoreating papera ia pub liahed on page aix of thia issuo of tho Watohman. In his ovolution of tho colt tho author haa reachod tho poriod when tho animal becomea ospecially aU tractivo to the horseman. The young stor begina to got on his boota and trouaera, and cntors the oarly atagca of young horaohood. Ho will bo moro in toroBting in the next stage the "break- ing." The Caledonian of St. Johnabury printa with approval the romark of tho Clipper of Burlington that, "8t Johna bury haa not askod for anything, and haan't been recognized politically, for years." Attondanta upon the Bepub lican conventions of tho Stato "for yeara" havo bottor memoriea than tho contomporarioa; and tho groat truth thundered out by one of the delegatea to the last Stato convontion, ln the heat of the flght for the governorehip, in anawer to tho timo worn plca that thia or that locality "haa not been re cognized for yoara," ia mighty: "We aro nominating a Govornor, not a countyl" and will prevall, though on that occaaion cruBhed to earth by "ab horront and forbidden forcea." The Northfield 2Tews ia of tho opin ion that the appllcation of buelnoBs principlea and cuatoma to auch im portant officea aa Stato treasuror, aec rotary of Stato, and Stato auditor, "will not atand tho tost of roaBon," and that "auch specioua reaaoning would prac tically give an ofllcial a life tenor of public eervice." And yet tho publlc seema to bo regarding tho Newa' viow of this matter aa exceodingly bass. ' Ita way was not at all the way Northfield and tho Stato at largo wore regarding a long tenwe of offlce by a worthy and compotont ofllcial when Hon. Georgo "Nichola of Northfield waa holding tho offico of aecrotary of Stato, torm after term, for aomo twonty conaccutivo eloctionB and ho waa one of the boat ofltelals the Stato over had. Tho dutlca and roBponaibilitioa of all theso ofllcera are now much moro onorouB and ro Bponsiblo than thoy wero during Dr. Nichola' ofllcial life, and ln tho war poriod upon which tho country ia en toring will lncroaso in woight and im portanco. Tho Stato will awap nono of theBohorsoa, whilo crossing tho troublcd Btream it is cntoring with ita aiator Siatee. TnK Boston Herald- of Monday morning aovolod a half of Ita flrat pago to tho announcemont, in staring poator tvno. that tho Amorican fieet was "to ahell Havana" on that day, and in linos of eonsational aizo and blacknoBB gavo tho dotalls of tho propoacd bombard mont uud tho constornation oxlating in tho Cuban capltal. Thia display waa poBaibly dcBlgncd to aoll tho papor, but in another column on tho somo pago It waa Btatcd in tho dlspatchoa from Washington, in tho humblo gulao truth moro oiton wcara, that "tuoro wm no no bombardmont of Ilavana," with tho roaaons for conQning tho work of tho floet, for tho proaunt, to tho simplo buBlnosa of blockadlng tho port. Thua do tho dalllca, for tho moat part, glvo tho nowa. A paragraph contalns tho announcomcnt of a aturtling ovont; tho noxt paragraph donioa tho procoding. Ninoty-niuo ono-huudrcdtha of tho publicatlons of nows aro not "ao." But it doponda a groat doal on tho nowapapor. Somo of tho critlca of yol- low journallam ncod a radical curo for tholr own jaundlco. Sonntor Proctor. If any roaaonablo porson ovor had a doubt which ho novor dld aa to tho wiadom of Govornor Pago'a aoloctlon of a auccosaor to Mr. Edmunda in tho Sonato of tho Unltcd Statos, a aolcc tion tho Logislaturo haa twico couflrm od, that doubt haa boon rosolvod by tho ovldenco alwaya prcaontcd in hia aonatorial caroor that Proctor ia tho man for any omorgency. In tho criaia of tho Cuban quoetlon, whon congroasmon woro wrangling and acting at crosa purpoac8,ho waa tho Cicsar of tho aituation. If ho woro aa cgotlsticol aa "Great Craaar" and ho waa aa graphic in hia diacourso ho mlght say, in rcspcct of tho wholo lator Cuban aituation, "I camo, I aaw, I con quored." Othor SenatorB went to Cuba on a tour of invcstlgation, but it waa alwaya Proctor'a obaorvationa and his "plain, unvarniahcd talo,";that carriod conviction to tho congrcaaional and tho executlvo mind, and to tho public mind as woll. Thoro was no appcal from Proctor. Sonatora andBoproaontativos, and mon of all clasaes, have oulogizod his public aorvico and tho mannor of it, and a citation from hia apooch in the Senato haa been aa concluBivo of point under discuaaion in a dobate on Cuban affalra aa a docision of tho au- promo courl of tho nation. Scnator Proctor haa boon upholding Yormont'a anciont fame in tho national councils, and haa raiacd it aoveral notchoa. Ho bas been, par oxcollonce, tho man for tho times. The Cuban pa triot will owo aome largo dobt for hia f reodom to thia son of old Greon Moun- taln siros. Ho waa fittcd by his naturo and by the traditiona of an anceatry that had, on their own hook, a long tuaale with oppreaaion among tho faat neaaea of tho Greon Mountaina, to aenao tho real aituation of tho Cuban patriots among thoir mountaina, and to aympathize with them in their battlo for freedom. And he ia a true repre aentative of Vermont in all he bas done and aaid and felt for the Cubans. The Cuban Bepubllc. 'ino noarcat upproacn to a roason, good or Dad, why thia govornment ahould not rccognize the indopondonco of tho republic of Cuba is that given by the loading repreBontativo in Now England of modorn toryism, tho Boston Herald, that such rccognition would leave 300,000 Spaniards in Cuba to tho tender mercios of tho inaurgonts. No doubt the Spaniard in Cuba would have aa good reaaon to feel ao- licitous for the aafety of his porson and property, after the withdrawal of tho military forcea of Spain, as dld the tories in this country when the Britiah troopa sailed away to England. Many of that clasB took counsel of their foara and embarked for the mothor country, also. They fared hard in Vermont in the early yeara of the State's oxiatence. But it novor occurred to our fathers that aolicitude for tho safety of thoir enemiea waa a valid reason for the do nial of tholr indopondonco, and tho idea could bo conceived only by that pollti cal freak ot modorn times, the Mug- wump. The Herald ia also rackod with doubt aa to whelher or not the reBiduo of the population ot Cuba, a million of in habltantB, moro or loaa, want indopond onco. Tho 80,000 in tho army of Go mez, it prosumos, may desiro indo pondonco, but thoy conatituto a vory small fraction of tho wholo Cuban popu lation. Thia llno of roaaonlne. too would bo conclusivo to tho pont-up Mugwump mind, but it would havo trickod tho Amorican coloniata out of thoir indopondonco, and thero would havo beon no United Statea of Amer ica a country which, in tho judgmont of the Godklna of tho Evening Post of Now York, tho Herald of Boaton, and othor nowspapora of that cult, ia not worth dying for, or is bo wrotchodly miBgovorned that it ought to rovort to England and paaa again undor tho do minion of tho British crown. Somo oxtra conaorvativo Bopublicane bo conBorvativo in thoir viewa that, if thoy should provail, no peoplo on tho fttco ol tno oartu, oxcopt tno uppor cruat lof tho Anglo-Saxon raco could ovor bo rccognlzod aa a froo and indc pontlonl peoplo, profeas to bollovo that tho Cuban ropublic ia a govornmont on papor only, and ahako with torror at tho proposltion to rccognlzo Ita indo pondonco. It is etylcd a govornmont "on whoolB,"chooalng;itB habltatlon with roforonco to tho whorcabouta of tho Spauiah army, aud porformiug nono of tho fuuctloua of govornmont. Woll, ln what matorlal rospcct doos thia con coptlon of tho Cuban govornmont dlffor from tho govornmont tho Amorican colonloa Bot up, and undor which thoy fought tho War of tho Bovolutlon? Tho govornmcnt of tho Contlnontal Congrces was not oxcocdingly cohoront and offoctlvo, and waa "whoolod" about from placo to placo aa circumatancos compollcd. When Washington ro troatod from Now York, acroBs Now Jorsoy, tho soot of govornmont gathor- cd Iteolf togothor and alolo away from Philadolphia to Baltimore. Whon tho British camo up tho Cbcsapoakc, Con- grcss fllttod to Lancaslor and thon to York, Ponn.; and in othor omorgoncica it ahowed commondablo agility in acck' ing aafoty ln a placo rcmoto from Brit Ish military occupatlon. Tho scnt of tho Amorican govornmont waa "on whools," "in tho saddlo," and in ovory othor aituation tho flippant crltica of tho Cuban ropublic dclight to locato ita govornmont. Tho odicta of tho Contlnontal Gon- groBs, it is fair to asBumo, in tho light of all tho ovidonco of past and contom poranoous history, woro no bottor if, indood, aa falthfully obsorvod as tho laws of tho Cuban logislaturo. Tho namoB of tho ofllcora of tho Cuban goV' ornmont woro publiBhod on pags throo of last wcok's issuo of tho Watciiman. Somothing has bccomo known of bravo old Gomoz. PrcBidont Maso ia a man of oducation, groat intolligonco, and patriolically devotod, hia fortune and porson, to tho cauao of Cuba Libro. He ia also a man oxporioncod in affairs, capablo and worthy of govorning. The vicc-prcsidont ia a man of similar char actor. All tho chiof ofllcors are mon of good cstato in Cuban affaira. Thoy aro not cowboya or briganda. Tho logisla turo, an olcctivo body, makcs lawa that aro onforcod and oboyod ovor half of Cuba; tho other half ia a district stripppod of ita peoplo by Spaniah opproasion, in which thoro ia nothing for tho exorci8e of aovoroignty. Tho governmont ia administorcd undor i writton conBtitution. Taxcs aro bb acsBed and colloctod, a school ayetom aupported, induBtries prosocuted, and all tho machinery of a governmont ado quato for tho circumstancoa is in oper ation. Fow lont a bolioving oar to tho storiea of Spaniah barbarity in Cuba till Sonator Proctor and his colloaguca went on their tour of obaervation. When aome advonturoua atateaman ahall porform a similar aorvico for the Cuban republic, credulity and captious judgmont as to tho shadowy character of that governmont will also melt away No intervention for the paciflcation of Cuba can be eff cctivo that does not take tho govornmont of the Cuban republic into account, and that does not seok a cloao and active co-oporation with it, its civil and ita military forcea. Thoro were reaaon and juatice, prudenco and common aenao, in the domand of the Sonato for tho recognition of tho Cuban republic. That meaaure of juatico and of neceaaity, muat yet precode tho offectivo paciflcation of tho island. Noto and Comment. Northfield will proaont a candi- dato for aaaiatant judge at the coming Bepublican county convontion, in the porson of C. D. Edgorton, Eaq., a gen tleman in tho prime of life and espe cially well qualifled for the responsi- blo uuties oi tne ouico. nortnneiu Newa. Afropos of Itho Itandolph Rerald's "probabilitlea" as to the second namo on tho Bepublican Stato ticket, the Herald of Rutland eays: "Wo should like to know where the noighbor found ita 'probabilitios' in thia case. The lieutenant governor bualness has boon little canvassod, and the Herald cer tainly knows of no roason for thinking that tho amlable Bates haa a walk over, or, evon a lead." With reference to the political con- test now on, we would auggeat that the faithful knlghts eapouaing tho cauae of Franklin D. Halo to bo continued aa Stato auditor, should not bo unduly alarmed at tho uprising of a competi tive forco ovor wcBt, with O. M. Barbor for its champion bocauso, you muat romember, it ls popular thia biennial sea8on for new candidatea to withdraw. And, bosidoa, the Halo and hearty Franklin doean't look to Arlington Barbera for hia closo Bhavos. Lyndon ville Journal. Tho Courso of Ercnts. Soparated from the buabela of chafl with which the tlally papera areloaded tho gralns ot wheat of real tiUtory that havo beon wln nowed out durins the paat week are buu Btantlally the followlne: On Wednesday, April 20, Frosldent Mc Klnley Blgned the Onhan resolutlon, adopted by GoDRress, aud cablod hia ultlmatum to MlniBter 'Woodford at Madrld. The X'resl dont's demand waa that Spaln withdraw from Ouba,and Saturday noon was tho timo llmlt for Spalri'a reply. A copy of tho ultl matum was at the samo timo liandod to tho Spauish uiluUtor at WaBhlncton, Senor l'olo, wbo Immedlately demandod his paea porta and wlthdrow to Moutroal. Mlnlster Woodford dld not have an op portunlty to preaont the Presldont's ultlma tum to tho Spaulnh govornment. Early on Thuraday mornluK a Spaniah noto which had been pruparod durlug the nlglit was do llvorod to tho mlnlster with his paasports. Burpriso was ezpresaed in this country that Oonoral Woodford should havo glvon Spaln tho opportunity to forostall his actlon by Bondlut: hlm his paaaports, and practlcally "klck hlm out of tho country," It ls now explalned that tho l'reBtdent's dlspatch waa recelvod ln Madrld at oleven o'clock, Wodneaday nlcht, but waa hold by tho Rovornment tlll threo o'clock Thuraday morninR. Meantlmo tho - Spaniah govern mont had boon lnformed by Senor l'olo ot tho character of tho ultlmatum, aud tlnis, through this new llluatratlon of tho du pliclty ot Hpaln, tho Amorican minlater was preventod from complyiug with tho lustruc- tlons of this KOvornmunt. Thia indlgulty to mo reprcsontanvo ot tho Unltod Btatos waa tantamount to a declaratton of war, and auporcuded tho l'roaldont's timo llmltatton. Accordlii(ly ordora wore rIvou on Thura. day to tlio lloot at Koy Wost to bcgln tho blockado of tho Cuban porta. ira rmay ino invoBttuont oi tlio UUDan coast was boun. On tho provloua day, at Now Orleans, 1,200 mulcs and horsos, pur cliaaod by an asont of Spaln and loadod upon a Spaniah ahlp, woro solzod aa contra liaiiil of war aud rnmovod from tho vosaul. Early on tho inornlnc of Krldav whllo tho ehlps woro ROttlng undor way at Koy WoBt, a apaniau morciianiman waa aignted wmoii was ovurhaulod by tho gunboat, Naahvlllo. Tho voaaol provod to bo tho Iluona Vontura, (Qood Luck in EngliHh) with a cargo of luuibor. Ilor fato, as tho flrat prizo of war, llluatratoa tho ironv of hor namo. On Saturday 1'roaldont McKlnloy laaued a nroclomatlou cauinc tor l2o.(XX) voluntoors ior tno army, in oruor to cnrry into ouect tho purpose of tho roaolutlon of Congrcaa declnrlng tho peoplo of Cuba frco and lnde nondont. domandlna that Snalu withdraw hor military and naval forcea from tho Island and lta watora, and rollnnulah lta covornmont and authorlty thoro. uuairmau uingiey, oi tno;iiouao ways anu means commlttoo, Introducod a war revonuo blll. It provldoa for a loan of 8600,000,000 tn tnroo per cont uoncia and tno aecrotary oi tho treasury ls also authorlzed to borrow at any timo not to ozceed $100,000,000 on throo por cont certtflcates of indobtednosa. ISeer aud tobacco tazea aro increaaed, and mortgagoa, ciiockh, otc, aro taxeu. luo ln croaaod revouuo uurlvablo from tho nioas- uro la oatlmated at from 890,000,000 to S100,1 Tho Spaniah ahlp Podro waa captured by tno cruiaer new York, a low mlloa olt lta vana barbor, after a llvoly chaao. Tlio l'o- dro halls from Dllbao ln tho north of Spaln. Sho left a cargo of rlce, boor and tron at Ilavana and waa on hor way to Sagua, a nort oast of Ilavana to laud atructural tron for onglnoorlng purpoaea, Tho Amorican llner, St. Loula, Bailod Into Now York on Saturday ovoning and was glven a roualng wolcomo by a great orowd of people. Flf teon mlnutoa after tho blg ahlp had tled up Captaln Randall, lila fellow olllcers and tho crow, announcod that they wero wltllng to alcn for a voar'g crulao ln tho sorvlco ot Unclo Sam. Tho St. Loula will bo Imino dlatoly taken to tho ahlp yard of tho Orampa, hor buildora, to be convertod Into a cruiaor ot tho auzlllary floot. Ilor Blator ahlp, the St. Faul, had preceded her ln tlila dnHtlnatlon and nurnoan somo two wneka The Now York, the aiater Bhlp of tho Parla, which aallod from South Hampton threo hours after tho St. Louls camo Into port on Sunday morning. Tho Parls ls on "tho ocean wave," having left Southampton on Frldav. and la now dodelnc Snanlah crulaers whllo sprlntlng for tho port of Now York. Kuo ls tno omoot ot lntense mtoreat, and lf ahe runa tho cauntlet ot Snanlsh enemiea succeasfully will havo a booming wolcomo ln Now York barbor. Her valuo 1b 86,000,000, and sho ls loaded with cuna and war matorlal purchased abroad. Such a rlch prlze nevor tempted an enemy's zeal Tho Parls' aafo arrlval la confldontly pre dlcted. Sho is a aplondld shlp, of high Bpeod and could show her hoela to any pur aulng Spaniard. With her threo conaorts of the Amorican llno she will bo lmmedl ately convorted Into a cruiaer of tho aux illarv floot. Tho Catallna. tho aoventh prlze captured. waa taken of Havana on Sunday by the Detrolt. Sho ls a blg morcliant Teaael from New Orleans and la worth 8500,000. On the deck of the Oatalina were aome elghty crates of chickens deaigned for the tables of tho Spaniards ln ilavana. The rooaters orowed in trlumph ovor tho cbaneo ot deati' nation, and the Amorican tars fared sump- tuously on not ple. Utuor capturea were the Miguel Jover, Candidla and Antonlo smaller craft with cargoes eatimated at about 8130.000 each. The Mathlldo. laden with rum and sugar, was another prlze of the day which, with her Blatora ln misery. was escortea to ii.oy wost. Monday's nows lnoluded the announce ment by Great Brltaln of noutrallty.and the war shlpa of tho belligorents were orderod to denart from Brltlah Dorta wlthtn fortv elght hours from the declaratlon of war, which England declared was thetlme when Spaln cavo Minlater Woodford hia casa porta. Tho Aalatlc aquadron, commandod by Commodore Dewey, was at Hong Kong, a Chlneae port under the jurlsdlction ot England. The order ot England, whtch was reasonable and had been exnected slmply antlclpated the aalllng of Commo dore Dewey's squadron for tho Phillipine lalands. two uays uiatant irom iiong Hong TheBO lslanda are Spaniah poaseaaions. Tho ordora ot Commodoro Dewey are belleved to be to Invest Manila, the capltal of the archlpelago, on the island of Luzon, to capturo It lf posalble and eatabllah there a new base of aupplles, whloh ia rendered necesaarv by Ensland's doclaration of nu trallty. Spaln haa a conBlderable naval forco in Aslatlo waters but it ls bolieved that the Amorican tleet is greatly the bu perlor in effective.atrengtn. The Olympla, a Srotected cruiaer, ls Commodore Dewey's agahlp,and one of the latest and best sbtps ln tho new navy. intoreatlnc newa ls ox pected from the far East. Eneland'a declaratlon tles up at New caatla the Albany, one of the two ships the Unltod Btates bouehtol Urazll, which was unnnlshed and nill now be detalned tlll the end of the war. The Somers, an Amor ican torpedo boat ls caught at Falmoutli. into which port she had put for repalrs, and a upanisn torpeao Doat, tne auubz, is aimt iariy trappea at yueenatown. The declaratlon of England, the ohlef maratlme power, will compel all other nationa to follow her example, or expoae tnemseives to ciatms ior aamages similar to thoae lntllcted upon England tor the ravages of the Alabama and other Confederate crulaera. Portugat will flnd lt neceasary to deny to Spaln the longor occnpatlon of tbe Cape Verde lalands as a naval baao for oneratlons aealnat the United Btates. and this will be a distlnct advantage to this na tion. Tbe doclaration of England ls really ln the American Interest, as it llmita Spaln to the use of her own moro dlatant porta for the barborace of her lleets on the other aido. The dlsadvantage to Bpaln 1b Increaaed lf not lndeed rendered fatal by making coal contraband ot war. Without coal a modorn navy ls crippled. Spaln can get coal only at her own porta, aome throo thousand mlloa from the aceno of active naval oneratlons or at Porto Rtco or in the harbora of Cuba, on which the Unltod Statea has, or will place lta naval tnumb. Congross made a formal declaratlon of war with Spaln on Monday, April 26, ln ac- coruance witu tne rocommenuation ot rresi dent McKlnley. "to the end that the doflnl tion of theinternatloualstatuaof the United Statea aa a belllgerent power may be mado known and the aaaertlon of all lta rlghta and the malutonanco of lts dutles ln the conduct of publio war can bo assured." The blll flxea April 21, the day ot Minlater Woodford's dismlssal by the governmont ot Madrld, as tho date when war bocamo ox lstent, including that day. Tho measure waa Bpeodily passed without debato and Blgned by tho Cblof Executlvo. The noteworthy political Incldents of tho weok aro tho reslgnation of Postmaster Genoral Gary on account of 111 hoaltli and tho appolntment of Charlea Emory S'.nlth of Phlladelnhla aa aa hia aucceaaor. John Sherman haa realgned tho ofQco of aecrotary of Stato, and Judgo Day, wlio has beon flrat asslstant aecrotary, and practlcally tlio act ing Becrotary, haa been promoted to tho chlef placo. Powora falllng with age, and couaequont luabillty to porform tho duttoa of the ofllco at thia timo, aro tho cauaes of Mr. Shermau'a reaignatlon. Do Not Hii Foolbd with tho idoa that any nronaratlou your drugclst may nut u and try to aell you will tmrlfy your blood llko Hood's Sarsaparllla, Thia modlcluo ,has a roputatlou it has oarnod Its rocord It is nronarod uudor tho nersonal sunorvl alon of oducatcd pharmaclata wlio know tho naturo, quallty and modlclnal olloct of all tho lngrodlonta used. Hood'a Sarsaparllla abaolutoly ourea all forma of blood dlaoaaoa whon othor modlclnea fall to do any cooil It Is tho World's groat Spring Meillclno and tno uno iruo uioou ruriiier, Tho Scnotorshlp, Edltor of Watchman Thanka to tho Watciiman for aaying n fow wooka ago, Middlesex will proaont tho name of C. O. utnain, Jr., Ior county sonator." Tlio atatemont la corroct, nnd Mlddlosox la unanlmouB ln tho mattor. Mr. Putnatn ls a man of aplondld bualneas ablllty, of strlct iutegrlty, of loglslatlvo oxporlonce and of truo and tnod patrlotlsm. Jlo can talK forclbly and to tho point when words aro neccssary, and haa that raro faculty of knowlng whon lo koop atlll. Ho comes of tno pionoor J'urltan ancoatry that sottlcu ln Washington county towna In 1783. They gavo tho Stato. from 1702 to 1888, thlrty yoars' aorvico in tho Vormont Uouao of Iteprosontativos, and wero also rcprosontod (near tho front) ln moat of tho groat battlea of tho nation from Itunkor to Gottya- burch. C. C. Putnatn. Jr.. ln tlin lievdav of his youth, jolnod with tho Thlrtoonth vormont on mo ueiu of uottysburgh, ln that tromondoua cliargo that bore dowu tho flowor of Southorn chlvalry. Wo aak for hia nomlnatlou aa ' omlnontly flt to bo mado," and for tho good of tho county and Stato. Why not mako lt unanlmoua? An Old IticrunucAN. Mlddleaox, April 25, 1803. Wnshlngtou County t'ourt. A f ull report of tho proceodlngs in tho llrowstor murdor trlal up to Saturday mornlnc mavbo found on naco two. ur. u, jbj. unanuior was rocauou ny tno ilotenco saturday morning. llo atatod that roapondont waa hystorical tlio flrat olsht or ton timoa ho uressea ner wounu. novor aaw her attempt to comralt aulcldo. Ilad hoard her aay aho dld not know aa alio had courago enough to kill horaelf, but that sho m cht havo the noxt iiay. A number ot lotters wrltten ln lH'JU anu 1897 by roapondont to Wealoy Browstor. Carl llrowstor. Mrs. Carl Browator anu Prof. S. W. Landon wero read to the jury by Mr. Fluinloy and Mr. Lord announced uaittAtitlmial "Vniir TTnnnr. ilin rnunnnil. ont reatB." About twenty-nvo of tho slxty wltneaaea aummonod by the alato ln robuttal wero tnon aworn. aub. ianny uiarK oi uunt ington waa flrat callod. Sho la a daughtor of Aaa bliorman. wlio ia a urothor oi Ar nold Shortnan, grandfather of reapondents She nalil ner laliior naii nervoua proatra tion for sovoral yeara Bubaequent to 18G0, Slnce ho recoverod he haa dono tho work on the farm and never has had a recurrenco of tho disoaso. Ho had never been and Ia not inaane. Sho had known Arnold Shor tnan ovor Blnco aho know anybody. In her oplnlon ho was a sauo man and nover was lusano. Sherman Clark, son of the abovo witneaa, teatiflod to practlcally the samo as his mother. Marttn Bates of Richmond teBtlfied that Asa Sherman waa hia nearost nolclibor. had alwaya known hlm, they vislting back and iortu m a neignooriy manner. Dld not know of his nnancial Iobb but had hoard of lt, and nover knew but what he was at- tendlng to his own buslnoaa, and In hia optnion he waa not insano. On croaa exam lnatlon witneaa aald he never know of Asa Sherman having nervoua proatration, nor nearu any oi tne latmiy aneaK oi lt. Evelyn Moore. a teacher in the Burllne- ton High School, testlfled to knowing Mll- ured wnue aoo waa attenutng bcuooi. ilad also met her ln connection with church du tles. Mildred at that tlme attended Sunday- BCliool recularly ior about a yoar. witneaa aald her acholarahlp waa fair. She conaid ered her aano, without knowlng anything about recent events. She afterward stated that Mildred waa somewhat pecullar. Phoobe Towle. another teacher In the same achool. testlfled that Mildred's Btand' lng ln ner atudlea was iair. witnesa aaw very little of her out ot achool, but aald sho thought Mllurea was quito reguiar ln her attendance. Tho achool reglBter belng shown hor she atated thatlt showed only an aosence ot six anu one-uan uaya uuring threo terma. From what she aaw oi Mildred ln school aho ahould say that at that tlme she was sane. On crosa examlnatlon Mlaa Towle dld not know of the dlfterent moods which have been teatiflod to. and these facts dld not enter to her judgmont in re- sard to ner aauitv. Mrs. Elmer Stevens ot Huntington testl fled that Mildred boarded with her while teachlng at Huntington. Mildred told her at one tlme that she had aome trouble with her brothor's wlfe. Knew that ahe had a good appetlte, and had never known but what she alept well. Mildred gave as a reaaon for not teachlng longer that aho dld not llko it. WitneBa knew of Mildred buvlnc the face wash. While Mildred was boardlng with her ahe knew of her having gontlemen callers but they were not very frequent. One by the name ot Will Caaey was obllged to remaln all nlght on account of rain. When witnesa retlred sho left them together in the kitchen, and found them thoro ln the morning. Witnesa knew that Caaey dld not occupy a bed in the house but dld not know wbether Mildred dld or not. Mlldrod went to Shelburne with Casey at ono tlme, and on her return told witnesa that she had not enjoyed the trlp as Caaey dld not uae her rlght. From what witneas aaw of Mildred she conaldered her Bane at tho timo. On crosa examlnatlon witneas Bald that the qnestlon of Mildred having gontlemau callora was nothing she conaldered unuBuai, anu buo nau never no ticed anything improper in their actlona. MIsb Maude Donahue. of Burlington, tes- tifled to attending school with Mildred for one year. naa seen nor Bome out oi school calling on her at Shattuck'a once. From what sho know and Baw ot Mildred at that tlme Bhe conBlderod her Bane. On crosa ex amlnatlon witneas sald she had never been very intlmate with Mildred. Lena Goldon of Burlington testlfled to worklng with Mildred at Shattuck's restaur- ant ior aDout tnree montns. inneriuug ment Mildred was sane at that tlme. On crosa examlnatlon witnesa atatod that ahe dld not know much abont lt but merely formed an oplnlon from what Bhe saw of her, which was very little, add her opportunltles were vory sllght. Georgo Norton of Huntington testlfled to havlnc known Arnold Sherman durlnc the last threo years ot his life but dtd not ro member ot having any converaatlon with hlm. Should say Sherman was sane from what ho saw ot hlm. Mlss Treaaa Mee ot Manchester. N. H. formerly of Montpelier, bocamo acqualnted with Mildred at Northfield worklng with her atthohotel. She had known Wheeler calling on her whilo thero and had seen Mildred out walklng onco with somo of the students at tho Unlveralty, had also Been her with an other gentleman by the name of Graham Witneaa Bald she had never oonslderod Mll dred lusano while sho knew her. Mlss Mary AuBtln ot Burlington met Mll dred at a party given by Mlaa Mary Lloyd ln Burlington and called on her one ovon lng. Mildred had also been at her home on tho occaaion of a whlat party. Witneas con aidered from what aho knew of Mildred that aho waa aano. Mrs. Ovett Morroll ot Huntington becamo acqualnted with Mildred whllo sho was teachlng at Huntington. Mildred frequent ly camo to hor houso. Wltnosa conBlderod from what aho had seen that Mlldrod waa sauo. At this potnt tho court took a receas un tll Mondav afternoon. At the onenlnc of court Monday after noon twonty-flvo additlonal wltnesBes for the stato woro sworn. Mra. Phorona Gordon ot Huntington waa flrat callod to tlio staud. Sho had known MrB. Woaloy BrowBter for thlrty years Had alwavB conBldorou nor a verv sauo woinan, Mrs. O. II. Ellls of Huntington, a nolclibor of tho Browstors, cave similar tea- tlmony. Alwaya consldored Mra. llrowstor sano. Wltnoaa know ropondeut, thought buo nau a nau (iiapoBitiou uut never con aidered hor Inaane, Samuol J. Haudall of Huntington testl fled that hia dauchtor marrlod Weslev lirowater'a boii, Know Mlldrod when aho waa at homo but never conaldered her ln' sauo. Novor notlcod any pocullaritlns about hor, Novor know Mrs. Browator woll enough to know wbether sho was lusano or uot F. R. Strone of Huntington atatod that ho had known tho Browator family for twonty yoars. In hia oplnlon rospondont was por foctly aano. Martln Sliermau, a son of Arnold Blior man, nnd brothor of Mrs. Woaloy Browater, toatlllod that ho nevor know of Mra. Brow ator having dospondont mooda. novor thought sho was Insano. Novor saw lila fathor whon ho thought ho was lnsane. uoyai w. xyior. a atudont ln tho Burling ton High School, know roapondont ln Bur lington when bIio was in achool there. Kcpt compauy with hor for throe months, went to tne piaco wuoru aiiu uoaruou a number of times, took hor to a achool rldo to Essex Junctlon. Sho alwaya acted quoor, but novor thought hor Insano. Mlss Nolllo Lioonard of Richmond taught ln Huntington and rcapondont attonded the school. Sho atood falrly woll ln hor studloa, novor thought hor inaane. Ilad no Insano puptls in hor sciiooi. Goorgo W. Varney of Sonth Starksboro, was noareat noighbor of Eunlco ChalToo. Ho atatod that sho waa pocullar in dreaa and had an ngly dlapoaltlon. Knew hor ior fourteen years, never thought she waa In sano; aho waa a aano woman. Mra. isieazer biiattuck oi soutn marl boro, tostlfled that sho know Eunlco ChafTeo during hor llfo timo, they vlaltoJ back and forth, aaw hor at church and at meetlngB at tno scnooi nouao. ttiio nau pecuuarities in dross and had a bad tompor. Know her for forty yoars but never consldored her Insano. Mrs. uallock oi south Starksboro, knew Eunlce Cliaffee over Blnco aho was a small girl, saw hor often and talked with her. Buo nau an ugly, wllful dlapoBltlon, but never thought Bhe was Insano, novor heard of hor belng insano, aho waa a aano woman. Mra. Naoml Purrlngton of South Starks boro stated that she had llved in that town for forty-flvo yoars. Know Eunlco ChafTeo during all that timo, saw hor at prayor- mootings, anu buo nau caneu at tne iiome oi witneas. Sho had pocullarltles ln dress, woro a bloomer dreaa and rubber boots. Sho cared nothing for the oplnlona of othor peoplo. Witneas never aaw her exhlblt any tempor and nover thought hor Inaane. She was ignorant but not Inaane. Mra. Alleo Folllnssby Rm nn Folllngs by of South Starksboro teatlfled to having known Eunlco Chaflee for twonty-flvo years, novor thought her Inaane. Tho Iat- ter nau smellou hor broath and thought that aho drank Intoxlcatlng liquors. Naoml FolltngBby of tho Bamo town gavo similar ovldenco. M. E. Yarrington, proprletorot the North field Houso, Northfield, atatod that respond ent worked for hlm fivo weeka aa a table girl two or three years ago. Nover thought hor crazy, but sho waa ao forgetful she was incompetent to do the work. At this point a receas was taken untll Tuoaday morning. W. A. Lord, aenlor counael for the de fonce, was unable to appear ln court Mon day afternoon and Tuoaday bocauso of 111. nesa. Mrs. Cora Mansfield ot Huntington was tho flrat witneaa called Tuesday morning. Sho was a couain ot Mrs. wesley iirewster, wbb in the houBohold two weeka before her death. Alwaya conaldered Mrs, Browator a Btrong, sound-mlnded woman. Respond ont had a wllful dlapoaltlon, was croaa and unkind to her mother, but wltnosa thought her pertectly sane. Dr. C. J. Russell of Hinesburg testlfled that he had been the family physiclan for tho lirewsters, treated Mra. Iirewster uuring her last stckneaa. Bhe dled of heart dls ease and wltness gave her morphlno which made her dellrlous. He conaldered her a sano woman. Thought Mildred a wllful, ugly, hoartlesa girl ln her treatment of her mothor, but perfectly sane. Mrs. Janet Chamberlln of Huntington llved wlthin a fow rods of Wealoy Browstor for twonty-flvo years. Knew Mrs, Browstor lntlmatolv and consldered her sane. Knew respondent well and never consldored her lnsane. Mrs. EmmaRosB of Huntington, a slster of MrB. Wealey Brewater, testlfled that she was a woman oi goou judgment and sane. Royal Klmball ot St. Albans stated that he was well acqualnted with respondent, had corrospondod with her for a year. saw nothing that indicated an unbalaneed mind. Mrs. Carrle Towne of Burlington tostlfled that respondent wbb her pupll at Hunting ton Centre In 1889. Alwaya conaldered her sane. Mrs. Amelta Jacobs of Starksboro knew Mrs. Wesley Browstor for ten years. Was employed by her aa a domestlconeaammer. Consldered ner a sane woman without pe cullarltles. Respondent was an ugly, wll ful girl. It was lmposeiblo for Mrs. Brew ster to inanage her. She was sane for all witnesB ever Knew. MrB, Elsle Lafayette ot South Starksboro was a domestlc in Wesley Brewster's fam ily. Always consldered Mra. Brewater a sano, level headed woman. Thought re spondent had a high tempor, but never knew ot hor having spasms. Mrs. W. D. Hall of Richmond knew Asa Sherman for many years, and knew Mrs. Brewster. Alwaya considorod both perfect ly sane. Monroo Stevens of Huntington teatlfled that roapondont boarded ln his family three months when she was teachlng. Young men pald her attentlon, and vlsited her at hia house. Never notlced any pecullaritles in respondent. George Baylea of Huntington teatlfled that hewaa town clerk for twonty-flvo years. Knew Asa Sherman for fltty years, con sldered hlm sane. Knew Mrs. Wealey Brewster for ten years. In his oplnlon ahe waa Bane. Mrs. Addle Hands ot Ebbox Junctlon tes tlfled that sho had always known respond ent and had always consldered her sane. O. H. Ellls of Huntington testlfled that he settled the eatate of Arnold Sherman, tbe fathor ot Mra. Wealey Brewster. He conBlderod Arnold Sherman and Mrs. Brewster sano. E. L. Klmball ot Starksboro stated that he worked elght months for Wesley Brews ter in 1877, respondent was then four years old. Sho bad what her mother called "ugly BpellB," but never knew her to have spasms. Mrs. Martha Purrlngton ot New Haven, a daughter of Eunlco CbarToe, stated that hor mother had an lrrltable, nervoua tem por, but was not lnsane, George H. Slack of Randolph testlfled that ho taught three terms iu Huntington, whon respondent was a pupll. He thought her sane, although he had trouble with hor about whlsperlng ln school. Mrs. Cordella L. Ellls of Huntington Center testlfled that Bhe llved nelghbor to Wesley Brewster, Knew respondent untll ahe left home, and was on trlendly terms with her mother. She was an obatinate, ill-tempered chlld. Novor saw hor in moody apella or spasms, but consldered her sane. Mrs. Lena White of Jonesville, a cousln nt Mrs, Wesley Brewster, had known her all her life. Saw nothing pecullar about her and consldered her a sane womau. Al waya conaldered reapondent stubborn and wilful but not lnsane. Mrs. Alico Nlchols of South Starksboro and Mrs. Arvllla Waahburn ot Huntington both tostlfled that thoy know Euulce Chaf fee, and thought her sane. Ovetto Morrlll ot Huntington statod that he know rospondont when sho taught ln his district. Always conshlorod her sane. Ad Journed till this morning. Putnainsvlllo, School bogan on Monday with Mlss Mary Oagood of Montpelier as teacher. Mra. J. E. Stoddard of Barro Ia vialtlng In town. 1 Mrs. G. W. Whltney spent laat woek ln Barre. Mlss Mlnuio Marcott of Montpelier haa been dresamaklng at O O. Putunm, Jr's,, tho past week. The droaalug mlll started up Tneaday after a ahut-down of two weeks. , Thoro la a new arrlval at Aaa Qeorgo'a, a daughtur born laat Saturday nlght. Ilarvey Roed, who haa been worklng for Frank T. Hutchluaon, haB voluutoored for aervice lu the Spauish Amorican war. It la a prent loap from tho old-faahloned doaea ot biuo-masa and uauaooua physlcs to the pliiBsaut little pilla known as DeWltt'B Llttlo Early IUserB. They curo couBtipa tion, alck headacho and blllouanoss. W. E. Torrill & Oo. t CONTINUED rilOM FIKST rAOE.1 actreaa, eqiially at home In tho traglo and comlo. With slinplo, tinalToctod atago man nors and a winnlng face, aho captured tho atldleuco at her HrBt aeleution, "Fourteen to Ono," and hold lt thoughout tho evening, Mlss Maud Paradls performod the thank Icbs task of Bccompanlat ln a manner that was abovo crltlclsm, fllV nll.nn nln(nraoAn...riiL.HH. I last Wodneaday ovonlng ln the Woou Art Oallery, uudor tho auaplcea of the Ladlea' Alixlllnrv tn t.lm Vnunrr Mnn'ri flhrlntlnn Aaaoclatton, waa a gratifylng auccess from an artlstlc point of vtow, and together wim mu Muio oi aprons anu iiomo-mauo candlua tlio ladlea nottcd ovor 876. Mu alo was furnlahed by tho Bylvan Quar tetto and Mlaa Floronco Sblpraan, vlo. 'I1?, ,R.ml roadlnga were givon by Mlas Alico M. Green and Mr. Coburn of tho Montpelier Semlnary. A serlea of sovon toen plctures wero Bhown. Thoae taking part were Mra. O. A. Beat, Mra. O. Ei Mouiton, Mrs. M, F. Atklns, Mlaaes Maud BhurtleiT, Clara Adama, Jano Bancroft, flnrtrmln T.nlnml. Anna Tl, t. : Carleton, Cora Glllotto, Harrlet Hua'e, Kate oiiihu, jjuuv iiiuemns. ju ia l'nnk. v nr. onco Shlpman, Margery Jones, Dr. H. B. Boardman, A. E. Nllea, O. E. Mouiton, J. iMiwaru iiauey, ueorgo u. rratt, W. B. Smlth, W. I'hllip Smlth, Rlchard H. Btan dlsh, John E. Leland, Georgo L. More and fvaitt, uauuii auo uunui uuu uuku were aorved during tho ovonlng. Pathiotism that remlnded the vetorans of tho atlrrlng days of the CO's was rampant last Friday evening when orders wero ro colved by Col. O. D. Clark, commandlng tho First Regiment, National Guard of Ver mont, to recrult the companles ln his com mand to 100 men each, inatead of flfty-two, tho atandard atreugth of each company. Recruitlng hoadqaarters wero at onco openod ln every town ln the state whero a company ia locatod and before midnlght of Saturday nearly every company waa fllled to tho war atrength, with acorea of late and dlaappolnted appllcants. At the headquar terB of Company H elghty-threo men algned the recruitlng roll, nearly doublo the num bor requlred. Somo of tbese will be thrown out for physical reaions, aome aro mlnots, but moro than onough able bodled men re maln to ralae the company far beyond its maxlmum atrength. Plaus were perfected to hold a moetlng at the armory Monday ovonlng to ralao and enuln another volun- teer company. but it waa thoueht best to defer sncli action untll Company II la called into aervice. xue omcers anu men havo been Uterally sleeplng on their arms slnce Friday night and the eall to move will flnd them ready. It Is proposed by the veterans of the clvll war to eacort tho boya to the atatlon, headed by the band. When the or ders come for the regiment to mobilize a pa trlotlo demonstratlon awalts them. Blnce tbe commencement of the Brewater trlal considerablo haa been sald In the dally papers regaruing juuge uunson's strlct lm partlalttv. and. at the same tlme his natlent conslderatlon of the ciatms of counsel, of nis prompt anu mtuiuve declalona ln ques tlons embodying llno polnts of law, to which very few exceptlons havo been tak en, of his thoughtful care for the comfort ot the Jury, his unlform courtesy to tho news paper men who are reportlng the trlal, and of lila nntlrlng tndustry ln keeping the busi- neaa trununng, wnen counBei, jurors, wlt nesBes and spectatora have been weary, All thia Ia true and well deaerved, but ln one home in Montpelier Judge Munson's namo ia a houaeliold word for other reasons, and the atory 1b too good to keep. Last Saturday a white rabbit, the pet of four little BlsterB, dled, and, after a tearful con aultatlon, it waa declded to give "Bunny" a proper burlal on one of the hlllaldes over looklng the clty. The body of the rabbit waa tenderly laid in a soap box, which was loaded on a tiny cart, and the proceaaion of four sincere little monrnera started. The mother, touched by the grlef of hor chil dren, followed. On arrlvlng at the apot deslgnated tho aoll was found to bo very hard, and, with the lmplements they had broucht. theao wee girls oould mako little imprcaaion in digglng a gravo. A tall, com- manamg loomuc gentleman. who was strolllng over the htlls for exerctae, was at- tracteu uy tne strange proceouings and drew near. At a glance he took ln the aitu ation, and with htB asaiatance the grave was qulckly dug aud the box was depostted tnereln. One of the tearful little onea then dlscovered that the cover to the box was not nroperly fastened, and the kind-hearted stranger rolioved the girl's mind by nalllng it. wnen tne grave was nneu anu a oarrel stave. with the name ot the pet rudelv nen- clled tbereon had tioen planted at tbe head, the mother turned to the gentleman and sald, "And to whom are my little gtrls in debted for all this klndnesB?" "Munson, of Manchester," was the atranger's reply. THE IIKATON HOSPITAI.. April 11 the dlrectors of the Heaton Hos pltal recelved the followlng communlca tion from Mr. Heaton: "In caae the dlrectors of the Heaton Hos pltal shall conBlder lt neceasary to have an additlonal bulldlng erected for the proper accommodatlon ot the public, I will con trlbute tbe sum of four thousand dollara towards the orectlon of a bulldlng of the samo dlmensions as the one called the East Favilion. Homkb W. Heaton." April 18 the dlrectors unanlmously voted as follows: "Whoreas, the Hospltal now has twenty pationta, which is its full possible capacity, and others have made appllcation for ad mlsBlon, and experlonce has shown that as the Hospltal becomes known more demands are made for treatment wlthin lt; the dl rectors ot the Heaton Hospltal conslder lt neeessary to have an additlonal bulldlng erected for tho proper accommodatlon of the publio; and gratofully consldertng the Soneroua offer of Homer W. Heaton mado ipril 11, 1898, to contrlbuto four thousand dollara, upon tho abovo conslderatlon of neceaaity towards tbe orectlon of a bulldlng of tho same dlmenalona as the one called the East Pavillon; the dlrectors of the Heaton Hospltal hereby adopt the the fol lowlng resolutlona: Resolved, That ln con Blderatlon of the neceaaity of having an ad ditlonal bulldlng erected and the promlae of Homer W. Heaton to contrlbuto four thousand dollara therefor, we will at once enter upon the constrnctlon ot a West Pa villon to sald Hospltal of the same dlmen alona aa tho East Pavillon; andthethanks of the corporatlon are hereby oxtended to Mr. Heaton for his generous proposltion which enables it to carry out this work ot necesslty for tbe good of the Blck." In accordance with the abovo order and acceptance, the dlrectors are now beglnning tbe constrnctlon ot a west wlng or pavillon to tho Hospltal. The work for tbe founda tion was bogun by Oughtney Shambo April 26, and lt ls hoped the new wlng will bo completed ready for the admlaaion of pa tients early next fall. The Hospltal can now caro for about twenty patlents and the new wlng will provldo occommodations for ton or twelve more. It was Mr. Heaton'a deslre that the dlrectors ahould bulld the now wlng and say nothing aa to where the money came from, but they flnd Interest ln tho matter ao general that conBiderlng the publio work and support of the Hospltal, informatton should bo made publio. A Cahd. We, the underslgned, do here by agree to refund the monoy on a flfty-cent bottle of Greono's Warranted Syrun of Tar if lt falls to curo your cough or cold. Wo also guarantoo a twenty-flve cent bottlo to prove Batlafactory or no pay. Leater H. Greene. II. A. Slado. W. E. Terrlll. O. Blakely. Marshfield. Warnor Smlth gooa away on Thuraday for the baao ball aoaaon. O. J. Wood haa the contract to bulld tho new depot for tho Montpelier and Wells Klver rallroad. Florence Colu la ablo to bo out once moro aftor hor aovero burns. Mbj-o Wymau had to havo his old horae klllod laat week on account oi a brokon leg, cauaed by bolng klckod by another horso. New plat form and Btopa havo been put ln front ot the vlllage achool-house. Mlas Spauld lug, the inuslo teacher, was ln town over laat Sunday. Old Mr. Spofford ls very I slck, with little o'nauca of rocovery.