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VERMONT WATCHMAW & STATE JOURNAL WEDNESDAY SFPTEMBER 6, 1890.
Mlattgman Journal WKDNK8DAY, SKPTEMBEIt 0 1899. ARTHUR ROPEB, Gonoral Editor. Tlie Trausvnnl and Its Troublcs. Tho uoto of warlike prepuratiou is licnrd in Kugland nud South Africa. Groat Brltnin is prcparing to crush tho Transvaal, tho ropublio rcared in tho African wildorness, aud wipo lt olt tho map of tho Dark Contlnuut, us l'oland was blotted out of tho map of Europc. Auiong clvilized pcoplcs tho Dutch hold tho rogions north of tho Capo of Good IIopo by right of priority of tlie covory and settlomout. Tho Dutch camo to tho Capo in 1595. In 1052 tho flrat piouecr Europcan occupants ar rivod. Tho port at tho Capo, which had boon n placo of call for vcssols of all natioDB, becamo in that ycar tho cx cluslvo possosslon of tho Dutch. Tlioy pushed their way into tho interior, sub cluing tho nativcs and occupying tho land which becamo known na Capo Colony. Toward tho closo of tho oightoonth ccutury Franco was at war with Holland, and to provont tho Capo from falling into tho hands of tho French it was dclivorcd over to tho Engliah, who returncd it to Holland as an undesirablo poBBcssion, aftcr a fow year8. But tho demauds of erapirci aud tho circumstauco that Holland might uol bo ablo to rotaiu tho rcgion, porsuaded tho Euglieh in 1805 to oxpol tho Dutch local authoritics, and in 1806 tho Capo of Good Hope, after 150 ycars of Dutch rule, becamo a British colony, iiut tue Dutcn oil und British water would not mix. Tho Dutch woto the Boera of a latcr day. Boers, in English, aro fartnors, or Btockmon.deriving their name from their occupation. Iu tho early thirtics of tho ceutury, their rcla tions with tho Engliah rulcrs had be- come bo hoatilo tho Boers decidcd to settle thoir disagaeemcnta, not by war, but as did tho Israolltcs in Egypt, by rnoving out into tho wildcrnces and leaving tho Enghah in posaesaion of the regiona they had Bubduod. So tho Boers "trekked," moved on into tho bueh, out from under English jurisdi& tion, to flnd in the South African wil dorness, "whero no human law' pro. vailed, food for their llocks and tho paatoral frcedom of Jacob and Abra nam." xuey wouiu iivo tlieir own way, they had nothing in comnion with the English and they wished for noth ing in common. Thoy wero a ptiroi tivo people, farming, hunting, reading tho Bible, piouB, sturdy and indepen ueni. rne coioniai government was not at all willing that theso people should abnndon their farms, depart from the country thoy had colonized and had cultivated for a ccntury or more, in order to found now states bc yond the boundaries of tho region Eng laud had acquired from Holland. But the govermcnt tried in vain to check tho exodus. With their wagous, horees, catlle, ahccp, their guua and household goode, the Boers struck out into tho interior tho migration being known as tho "great treck" seeking their promised land and that " 'dcao lato frcedom of the wild ass' which was dear to their hearts." They fouuded a colony at Natal. They bought their land of a Zulu chief who immediatcly slow the Bocr leadera with whom ho was deallng. So tho Boers caine to dislruBt and hate tho native races. The Zulus were nol tho only foesthe omi granls had to encountor. Tho British wero naturally opposed to tho found ing of indepcndent governraenta in any part of South Africa. So, in de fenBO of tho colony of Natal tho Boers were compelled to flght tho Engliah aa well aa tho natives. The English tri umphed. In six years tbo ropublic of Natal was extinguished, and, unwilling to remain under tho rule of thoir con querors, the Boera, in 1843, again gath ered together their worldly poaacssionB and "trekked" northward. Thoy found od again an indepcndent Dutch ropub lic to which thoy gavo tho namo of tho Orango Freo Stato. But tho govern ment of Great Britaln insisted that tho Boors were Btill British Bubjects, and wero robelB in that thoy rofuscd to admit ihis political rolationBhip, as Burae ita responsibilitles and porform its dutioB. So strife and bloodahed continued, and in 1848 tho third com munlty thoeo rugged patriots had founded in South Africa was placod under British authority. Tho leaders fled acroBB tho rivor Vaal, tho uorth orly boundary of tho Orango Freo State, and, atill Btubbornly independont, laid the foundation of tho fourth commu nity thoy and their anceBtora had bullded in South Africa. This stato they callod tho TraiiBvaal acroas tbo Vaal tho name that has ainco bccomo tho rival of Poland in tho syrapathic intorcst of mankind. The Uritish found tno uoers who ro- mained in tho Orango Freo Stato un managcablo, their ugly spirit of indo- pondence unbrokou, thoir dialiko of foroign rulo unchangcd. Tho rtsult was tho guaranty, in 1854, by tho im- pcrial govornmenti of the futuro inde pendcnco of that community of stub bom patriots. Tho Transvaal Boors had moanwhllo growu and llourlshod, cstablifihed thoir ropublic and croalcd their lcglslaturo, tho Volksraad. In an cmorgoncy lu 1877, through a nils approhonslon of tho roal stato of pub lic sontimont in tho TranBvaal, Eng- land holstcd hor flag thoro and do clarod tho little ropublic a part of tho torritory of tho Emplro. Tho dcsiros of n fow frightoncd Boors had bcou miBundoralood as tho honcst sontimont of tho wholo nation. Tho Transvaal had boen gotling tho worst of it in soruo of tho strugglos with tho nativcs, and Bomo of tho faint hoarts had sug gcstcd that Eugland tako tho ropublic undor hor protection. England soomcd Botnowhat too willing. Tho propoBl tion, whon tho roal facts becamo known, aroused iudignant opposition in tho Transvaal and in Parliamont. Tho causo of tho Boors onlistod tho mighty advocacy of Gladstono. But England had got a acont of tho prcy and hor appelito was unappeasablo by reason or sonso of justico. A vision of a South African confcdoration waa iu hor oyc. Tho contontion ran on tlll 1880 whon tho Boors1 opportunity camo. xnoro woro fow Britlsn troopa in tho Transvaal. A little spark, a trifling civil iucidont, kindlod tho fltimo of iusurrectlon. Tho Boor ropublic waa proclaimed again, a government cstabUshod and proparations mado for (lcfonso. A Britiih forco startod for ,1'iotoria, tho Transvaal capital, wlth tho samo assurauce und contcmpt of their far tner cuemics as once. a slmilar forcc, marching from Boston to Lemington, manifcsted, aud tho rcsult wus not un- liko tho isauo of the strifo with "tho cmbattlcd farmors" at Concord and Lexington. Tho British aud the Boera met iu Deccmber, 1880. The Boor is an unrivalled sharpshootcr. In tho course of a parley cvery Engliah ofllcor had been covcrcd by a Boor rifle. Iu tcn minutes after the flring began tho flght was ovcr. Every ofllcer had fallen, a largo number of tho rank and filc had bcen killed or woundcd, and the survivors haatily surrendored. Iu February the British forcea hud occu pied Majuba Hill, overlookiug tho Boer camps. Tho Boers attackcd, stormed the hill in throc parties, outllanked and stirrounded thoir enomy and poured in a deadly tlre from all sidcB. Tho Brit ish broko and fled, pureued by tho fatal missiles of tho BoorsharpBhooterB. So diaaBtrous a dofeat had seldom befallen British arms. This was tho ond of tho war. Peace wai arranged at Fre toria, the iudepeudenco of tho TraiiB vaal guaranteed by treaty, Great Brit ain rctai ing the rlght of control in the forcign affairs of tho Boers, in their trcatment of the natives, and tho right to move troopa through tho ropublic in limc of war. A British Iteaideat wus to look aftcr England'e intcresta. Tho conditions of peace did not sc- curo peace ltself. Tho BoorB chafed under tho reBtraints tho treaty placed upon their frcedom of action. Their gricvances wero Bontiuieutal rather thui roal. Tho Boers camo to wimt tho full right and titlo to iudepeudenco, the namo as well as tho fact. Tho treaty of Protoria was finally revised at London in 1884, when England asaert ed, aa to her cxternal authority, that tbo Boera ahould concluue no treaty with any stato or nation, cxcept tho Orange Freo Stato, or with any uat vo tribo to the east or weat of tho ropub lic, until tho samo had bcen approved by the Queen. This was simply a eav ing clauBO for British nride. It Bound- od well, but it amouuted to nothiiig, has been repeatcdly diaregarded by tho Boers aud they havo nover beon called to account thorofor. Indepondence, self government, was practically graut cd and guaranteed the Boers, and Eng land was at that time, and on theso torms, vory glad to be rid of tho vexa tions growing out of her interforonco in tno aitairs oi tue oDBtrcperous ro public. The story of tho Transvaal, or South African Republic, as it is politically known, from 1884 to the presont timo, would fill many volumcs if all tho do tails of political philoeopby, good aud falso, conapiracy, chicanory, ralding and dosigns of ompire were wrought iuto tho talo. Tho Transvaal after the concession of independenco tho af fair at Majuba Hill wrung from Eng land, seemed likoly to continuo on in the numiirum and unevonttul coureo of a community of stock raiaers, aome what phlegmatic in thoir montal and apirttual charactoriBtics, but endowed with a Btubborn horolsm that took no thought of yiolding when thoir rights wero invadod or their indopendonco aBaailed. Thoy know thoir rights, and liko tho North American colonists of Groat Britain in 1770, "knowing darcd inainlain." But tho diacovery of gold in tho Transvaal prodncod a rovolution, i chango in all tho conditions of thing slmilar to that wrought iu Alaaka by tho dlBcovery of rlch nilnes iu that for bidding region. Tho truo story of affairs in tho ropublic, sluco tho tlis covory of gold thore, cau bo lold In few wonts. a country imntrto ro gardod practically worthlrai by th English becamo riiddcnly iiivesti'd with immeiiBo valuu. Thcu England began to shako tho dust from tho con voutlonB sho had mado with tho Boors and conetruo thoni In tho light of tho changcd conditions in tho Trauavaal. Engliahmcn flockod to tho mlnca, which woro of unueual rlchnesa. Tho Boet8 woro in datigcr of a forolen lu- utidatiou and thu Iobb of thoir Inde pondence, if tho forclgncrs should ac quiro clllzouship. Tho BoorB met this now dangor bv impoBlng a long timo llmit flfteou yoars on tho ud mlssion of tho Ultlandors, or foroign- ors, iu k no uu. tigiitB ui ciitzcuanip. This is tho main grlovanco of Englaud, but thoro aro othcrs. Hor subjocts in the Transvaal havo askcd hor to intcr foro in tho iutcrnal affairs of tho Transvaal and socuro for thom and all othcr forelguorB tho cxerclso of tho Buffrage. To this ond tho Jameaon raid was mado, to this ond England is proparing for war on tho Boers, and ngainst this dosign the Boors aro prc paring to rcsist. A modlflcation of tho suffrago laws has been proposcd by tho Transvaal, but tho concesBiou is nol ncccptod. Tho Bhort of it all is, Englaud desircs tho extinction of tho TrariBvaal,itBCon- version into an English colony. Tho conceBaion of tho suffrago, unrcatrict- ed, would pormit Engliah rcsidcnts to outvoto the nativo Boors, and Eng- land'a purposcs would thus bo aecom pllshed. Faijing to sccuro tho suffrago Englaud would mako war, tbero would be many Majuba 11111b, but in the ond England would triuraph. It is a qucs tion with Prcsldont Kruger and his fellow Boors whether they cdinll ccn ccdo tho suffrago and dio by sulcido, or go down fighting for "their dearcst rights." Their whole histoiy aud rc- ccnt conduct indicato that thoy will play tbo herolc part, and all genorous souls tho world ovcr will give thom the aid and cucouragemcut of their sym pathy. Tho forco of public critclam ia the Bubject of preaont newspaper comment, particularly in tho Mugwump journala Its bcaring, from thoir poiut of view, ia tho offcct thoy imagiuo their dia- tribca have had upon tho courso of tho national administration in its manage agcment of affairs in goneral and par ticularly in tho East. In respect of theso critics the forco of what they miBcall criticism is dcstroyed by the malignant charactcr of their utterances on public affairs and commontsoii pub lic mcn. JiiBt and catidid criticism, BUBtained by facts and reason, ia rarely without its bencficial inQucnce upon countrv's rulers. Violont, rabid aud indiscriminale condemuation botray wcakncsa, a lack of good gronnds for criticism, aud have tho effect, bo far aa they make any impreasion at all upnn tho poraons a"ainst whom thoy are aimcd, to coudtm tbem and their sup P'lrlerB in tho coursea they aro pur suing. bttch has licon tho enect of tho arraignment by tho Mugwumps and the partisan Democrncy of tho admin- iitration, particularly for its course iu the Philippiuos. HonoBt citizons boo that this ondemnation is not warrant ed by the circumstancea in the caao, thatit is unjust, irrational, and unpa triolic to tho extenl that it vcrges closo on Bedition, if indeed it does not far overstcp tho dividing lino between a fairdisagroement ou questious of pub' lic policy and open treason to the gov ernmont American citizons as a cIbbb rcaent this sort of public criticism. They beliovo in BtiBtaining thoir gov ernmeut, and when tho timo comcs for a gencral clection thoy will make this be lief apparent by their votes. They havo dono this iu tho past and they will iu the futuro repeat this demoniatration of an innato patriotiam. It is born in tho majority, it is absent in a pestifer oub minority. With the Mugwumps and tbo Dem ocracy, in the winter ot their dlscon lont, one poor, iean sparrow out in MisBouri makes a aummer. The late Repreaentativo Bland's district haa olected n aucceseor to the diBtinguished advocate of tho free coinago of silver, but the platform in this case was oppo sition to cxpansion, or iraporialiem, as thoy term it. At tho presont timo it anpears that thoro are moro voterB in this Missouri district opposed to cx panBion than are In its favor. Tho majority may bo tho other way in the next election. There aro sovoral huu dred and odd repreBontativo dlstricts in the United StatoB. Tho voto in one Mlsaouri district does not provo that a majority of the districts, either of MIb Bouri or tho othor States of tho Union are opposed to keepiug tbo Philippines and Porto llico, nnd sotting up a good and stablo government in each island The DemocratB of Ohio, NobraBka Iowa, and all tho rest of tho Unltcd StatoB, may bo, in their organized ca city, opposed to cxpanaion, may bo in favor of pursuing a policy of cowardico and disgraco in the Philipplnea, but that doo not meau that a majority of all the votera of the Unllod States, or that all tho Democratlc votors, aro iu favor of a slmilar policy. It is barely poasi blo that eomo Itopubiican voterB aro op poaed to oxpausion, but it is not at all certaln, or probablo, from tho ludica tioiiB in all quartere, that a majority of 11 tho votors aro oppoiod to thu policy or courso of the adminlBlratlon, either iu tho Eaat or iu tho Weat Iudios. Somo lator voting will dotermino that fact. Goneral Frod Fun-ton, tho redoubt- uble eoldler from K nisns, who Bwam rivors and crfmntd on rickcty raftB to gct at the FilipitiOB. has boen quotod with great eclat aa opposed to tho gov ornmcnt's policy in respect of tho Phil- ipplucs. Horo is how this amptubious flghter himsolf cxprcLses his nilud ou this Bubject to a KaiiBas editor: "On gonoral prluclplos, I nra not an ox- patisloulst, but I bnllovo that, Hlnco wo woro by an unfortunato truin of circum. Htancos thrown Into this thing, wo should Btny wlth lt to tho blttor ond, aud rawhtdo theao bullot-hoadod Aslatlo ruQlans uutll they yoll for inotcy. And aftor tho war I wnnt a job ot profonaor of Amorlcan htatory n TiUzon untvorstty, when thoy bntld It. And I'll warrant that tho uow gonoratlon of Flllpluos will know bottor than to got In tho way ot tho baud wagon ot Anglo-SuKon progrosa and doconoy." This ia tho sort of an cxpansioulsl of which tho great body of tho American people is composed. In tho mattor of rovenuo Unclo Sam did vory well for a Biimmor rnouth, in Augual, which ia uaually dull in oflicial aa woll as iu privatc business. Tho trcasury rcccipts wero S8,150,000 morc than thoy woro iu Auguat of last year, aud the surplus for tho mouth was 84,455,802. Tho amouut of gold in tho trcaeury is largcr than over before, tho exact flgures being $248,767,071. Theso fluurcs tell their own ntory of tho pros porous condition of tho government and of the country. No good cheor for Domocrats politically iu theBo flg urcs. The voters of this country havo a vlvid remombranco of Cleveland timea. They fully appreciato a uood thing when Ihey havo it and will voto for ita coutinuancc. A "platform of flubdub" ia what tho New York Sun culls the Ohio Demo cratlc platform. Quoting tho following gem: "Political boBSOB aro to bo detestod and aro inlmlcal to our form of government, ' The Sun romarka: "Mr. McLeau is an accomplishod uoss himsoit and speaks with authority. Eithor its plat form or its caudidato ia enough to beat tho Ohio Democracy." Writcs ns Ho Fiiflits. Goneral Funpton, formcr colonel of tho Twentieth ICansus whoso cxploits have mado it and itB commander fu moua, and won tho colonel his promo tion, writes a Kausas friond, tho editor of a newspapor, a breezy letter from which theso extrncts aro takeu: I am hero in town ugaiust my will, but in accordauco with tho very Btrong advico of a mcdical B igc, nursing my left baud, which had a disagreement with a Muuser bullet, aud thankiug my lucky stars that it is no worse. I sup poso you would like to kuow all about the Kio Grando affair of April 27, which secms to have brought u brigu dier'B star, but it i3 a very long story. You probably got it protty full in tho det'potchcs, but ib yct wo do not kuow how correctiy. uenorat MacArtuur has been uood enough to say that ho does not believe tho feat our Kansas men performed has a parallel in the history of wara as a dcsperate under taking carried through Buccessfully, abBolutely without loss. It beats any thiug in Kiplitm ton timea over, and uave the "Arabian Nights" a Bovere ahock. An attempt to portray it on the stago would bo called badly overworkid melodrama and utterly lmposaiblc. And this is not bragging' only giving facts. It was worth ton yoars of ordi nary humdrum existonce to see thoie forty-flve Jayhawkers after they had crossed tho rivor on rafts, drivo a tliou sand or moro well-armcd men out of their elaborate entrencbmenta by firing into them from the rear. And you ahould havo heard them chaff and jeor when tbo Goo Goos turncd on them, at 300 yards' range a Maxim gun flring 1,200 shots a minuto. And you should havo Been that Maxim go out of busi ness when our followa turncd loosc on it. If tho chap who workod that raur derous machiue had kopl his nervo botter, thore would not have been a dozen of us got out of the thing alive. Enforciug rrohihltlou. Iuaomo Beclious of KinBas whero thoro aro prohibitory laws tho tempor auce peoplo aro congratulating thom selveB on having diBcovered a mothod for causing tho nrompt and effectivo cnforcomont of su'ch laws. It consiBts iu offoring a reward for testimony loading to tho arreBt of violatora oi tbo laws. Tho aum of $50 has boon of ferod in ono KauBas town for ovidonco leading to tho arreat and tlual convic tion of any person or persona fouud violating tho prohibitory law within tho city limits. The aunouncement of this roward Is mado by mcuna of lorgo postors dlsplaycd in varlous parts of tho community. In ordor to pay tho rowarda, a fund of sevorol hundrod dollars was raisod among tho tempcr anco peoplo and the fact mado known. It becamo, tborefore, a certainty that tho roward would be paid and the liquor-doalors dufving tho prohibitory law decided that they would flnd it ini possiblo to oscapo convictlon. All of thom left tho city within a fow daya of tho timo tho roward was offored. Thoro was not a elnglo clilm mado for tho reward, inttainuch ua it frightoncd viohuora of tho lnw bo that thoy woul out of tho liquor buaincss of their own accord. It thuB provod uol only a highly effectivo mothod of Bectirlni; tho cuforceinoutuf iho law, but ocon omlcal us woll. Iin Biiccess in this ono K'lusaB town is 1 -adlug to ita adoption iu othtr placea whero proliihttoty laws nro pruvldnd. Tho ofllcora of tho Siato Temporatico Union aro going ubout tho stato ralBing monov to uao for tho offo 1111; of rowarda In dlfTnrnnt localilies. Milwaukoo Sentiucl. Drcyfus' Trlnl. Bknnks, Sept. 4. The ntoaociuton in- troduced an Austrtau political rofugto, Jiugcno u ri.UBchl, who tuBtlUcd that on threo occaslonB, twico iu Franco and once at Gurva bo wns lold bv a hich lonign i lllcr iMti Dri v ut had coiu- mutilcatcd trcasouablo ducuments to a loruign powci. I', t'T thi.tl Insiauco, CorntiBcht eaid, the ofllcor bhowed hlm documi'Dl pmanating from Droyfus and this ofllcisr lolt Fniuco hurriedly tro days beforo Droyfus was urrcBted. Tho loterenco wiih upparontly to Col. Schivaitzkuppen, tho Gerraau mllltary aiiacuo at I'aris. m viow ot this tes timnny L 'borl will aak that Inquiry bo mido tirough (liplomatlc channela as to whcthor the documcnts moutiontd in tho bordoreau wero nclually com municatcd, and if so by whom. ThN request the court ia hardly likoly to grau'. The !. .roiluction of this wit ne8 and the day'a developmeuts iudi catu thnl ths trial wili bo lengthoned aome two weeks. IlKNNES, Sept. 5 - L-.bori today de maudcd that tho court aummon Colonel Schnoidrr, Coloti"! bo'iwartzkoppeu, Colonel Penizzurdi nnd other foroign crs, to lcstify forlhc d' fouso aud provo directly that Dn yfus nover had rcla tion8 wi'h foreinn powere. Tho flret wiliiosa, Mr. S. Baesett, Lmdon cnrre-p .nd("( o' P.tris Matin, testifled of mi iiiturview with Eaterhazy who popitivfdv s'ntod that ho wroto tho bordoreau as an iucritninating docu ment, at order of Colonel Schneider, Tho mxt wiincss, M. Tntrl - ux testi- fles to un iuicrviow in Murcli, 1898, vun v unt iOurnclil-15-UBati, an Italian .imuaBBador at P.iris. Tho lat- ter told hun the Italiiin secri-t at tho intelliL'L'nc hureau ncver had any re lalious wttt, Dnyfus, alfo that the pub licntion of iho bordcrcau nnd Petit Bleu roveals lo otb German and Italian at tiichcfi thnt Dn-jliiB ia Iho victim ofa 8tut,ii',ou- orror. Tho handwrlting of me oornercnu i- rccognized Dy the at taches as that of Count Walaiu Estfr. hpzy with whnm ho had voluminoua corroBpondence. Liahuri asktd the linliroa if ho would invoko the govcrummt to askGermany and Ilaly if thoy ovcr had rrceivcd tho docunionts cnumerated in tho bord - reau and cver had any doaliugs with Droyfus and Esterhazy. Tho judges retired iu consultalion. On their rtturnJouaustanuounced that tho court unanimously rofusod to grant tho defenao's request. Tho au- WIipii Dowey Comes. WritlnK from Concord, N. II., 8optem ber 1, a Bturdy son of VormontBays: "Yen tenlaywas a gala day hero, tho climax of "Tho Old Ilomo Week," and a magulficent sncceflB it was. Whlle rejoicinR with thoBo around mo, my mlnd would turn to our coiuIdb day, and when I had roturnod to my room I jottod, in somowhat rhythmatlc measnro my UiouRht8." Possihly the au thor might havo meant 'rlieumallo uieaa ure," but ho humbly indicatcs lila undor- BtandlDg that, iu caseH liko tlita, tho isaaoa of life and doath are in tho hands of tho Editor and Hubmlsnlvoly intrusts his lluos to their fate. Constdering all the circum stanceB, and tho fact that, bo far as appears, thiH is a flrat offence, tho waato baskot ia denied a victim, Our 1 1 M 1 3 ntiall wcar n trealior Kreer, Our lnkes wlth brlRlitcrKlemu Kliiill Bhlne their wooilcd ehorcs belween, When Dewey conies home. Wlth lfter leap nilown the hllls Slmll Uance uur sllvery Tiitlt)K rllli, Ai bouyat Rtco their water thrtlls, Wheu Dewey comes homu. Olil MaiifHeld lookliif; towanl tho tklea, LlkemlKhtj Klant eeui4 to rle And 11ft IiIk head ln glad fturprlse. When Dewey comes home. McDonouRh'g glory actl his faino llrow Into Hfe aLd filow apalu, As roll than aves of craml Cliamplalu, Wheu Dewey comes home. lu valley deep, on mountaln hlKh, Where Killington preets tho moruluj; sky, The Rlail acolalm wllliKlftly fly, When Dewey comes home, llnt, heit of all, In orery heart The glow of prlde almll wurmer start, And Ioto und honor yleld their part, When Dewey comes home. The Horo of Manila. Somo Hquaro mlles of poetry havo beon written on tho Biihject ot Adiniral Dewey aud his exploit ln Maulla liay. The Jodr nal has recelved eevoral quarter Hectlony of tbt'BO productionn. Tho latunt veraeH come from Kov. Dr. J, E. Ilaiikln, an emlneut preacher iu Washington, who Is woll known in Vermont, who has written aome very good poetry and wliose atandiug iu tho world ot lawa and dlvluity Is Indicated by the abbreviatlons, D D. aud t,L.D., wlilch accompany his name in prlnt. The Hnen have beeu aet to musio by HuhhoII A. Dlck itiHnn, aud the nutlior dedlcates lils com poHltlon to Huu. K. U. rtmltli, Qovernor of Vermont. Ilere are the versen: There'H be gata days when Dewey esrues, Gay strenmers on tho gliding lleots, Aud iKtgeanta brilliaut on the streets, Aud piercing fifesand twirring drurus. lliey 11 drop tho hammer and the plane, And make the wolkin ring again. citoitus. When Dewey comes, when Dewey comea, Tho air will will tlirob with huglo notea, Will greet, will greet ten thousnud throata. Hurra, hurra, hurra, liurra, Tho hero of Manila, Of tho old Norse kings ourDewoy'a hreed, His carringe knightly, truo and kind; Like smomd'ring iires within his miiul, To kindle at tho cuuntry'a need. Ilis keel had plowod tliro' many a aea To nieet the day of deatiny. 'Tw:ui a Suuday inoni, scureo itirred the air The Orient sky with glory red, On redliot wiug hla vesaula spod, The hero rducked ua laurcla there. NowOod uo prais'd, who mnkesn ch men, And aend them to our need again, Fayston. Stato Siiperlntendeut of Educiilon M U. S'ouu will llolil un udticatluiial uiHutliK n achool houHu No t), uear tho town olem's olllce lu South Kavstou on Krlday Seplom ber 8, at two o'oloek in ttio afttirnoon, to which all teaoliern aud IriiuiilH ol education from thla and aiirroninlliin towua aru cor dlally luvltfd. Air Stouo will also dnllvnr an addroH lu the Uoiiijrcatloual ohurch lu WnltHlU.bl iu tho ovmdiiK of tlio aumn day at7:30, l,et all tlix imople turu out and Ulv.) Iilin u liearliiu ou the all lmportaut qU"8t,nii, "How ro inliioale and tho i;,'neral uiuuxgi-tuuut ot our roljjols." f'lnlnflnld Mra. A. K. Otitlor has boon vlsltlnR hor slstor at Ksaox, Allco Martln gooa to hor aohool ln Wood bury this wook. Btanloy Itlanchard of Montpollor vlalted In town Saturday. Mra. W. F. Lazollo vlBltad In Montpollor tho flrat of tho weok. Mra. Oora Dunbar and daughtor roturnod to St. Alhana Saturday. Mra. Ebon Dodgo and dauRhtor havo boon vlsltirifr ln Groton. Mra. E. J. (Jolhy, who haa boon qulto alck ia alowly improvlnft. W. W. l'ltkln went to markot Monday with ono carload of atock. Mra. Mary Shorey liaa boon maklnc ox tonalvo repalra on hor block. Daniel MoLotid of North Dakota viaited at Malcom McLouda last weok. Nod Guyor of Montpollor waa attracted to town ior a low uays laat woeK. Hov. N. M. I'ratt of Now York cltv vlaltnil hla father, A. A. I'ratt laat wook. Mlaa Blancho Daruea, a slstor of Mra. K. K. Leavitt, viatted hor laat woek. II, A. Konnlaton and famlly went to Greensboro Saturday for a fow daya. Mra. Frank Marah of East Calais viaited hor alator, Mra. h. L. Knapp, laat weok. Mlaa Fannlo Knapp of Montpelier apent Suuday, the guost of Mlaa Lydla Hartlg. Mlaa Fannio Knapp of Montpollor haa boon apondluf; aevoral daya with Mlaa Ilar tlR. Frank Nuttlnc roturnod Friday from a vlBit of two woeka wlth rolativea in Uakora- llold, Mra. J. J. Shorey and children are or pectod home from Fltclihurgh, Maaa , thla wook. Ex.Roproaentatlvo II, Ii. Martin and Mra Flarlna Austln wero in Montpelier laat week. Morria Leo and Mra. Itlvora and dauRhter oi ninioro speui oaturaay anu Hunuay at (J, St. John'a. Mlaa Jesalo Kent of Eaat Calais apent a few daya laat woek with hor aiater, Mra. O. Mlaa Ltlllan Dow of Lawrence. Maaa.. waa tho cueat of Mlaa Bertha Chamherlln last Friduy. A. Slack. It. Iiartlott. tho MIshhm Annln Clark and Maud Batcholder viaited in Cabot last week. Mlaa Allco Hatcheldor rocentlv roturnod irom uiu urcuarn, .ua,, wnoro ano apent a pieasant vacation. Mra. 8. llrooks of Montpollor camo up Saturday afternoon to romain over Sunday wuu uer uuBuanu. Kev. F. T. Clark gavo additional ovidonca oi oetng a Metnoillat proacbor by trading uorses last wook. Mra. Marlou Paco and Mra. O. G. Eiton of Waitsfield visited at J. M.,Batcheldora a iow uays laat weeic. S. B. Gale and dauphter, Mra. Dodgo of iieriin, viaueu at o u. Hborburn'a ln Bt Johnabury laat week. Deacon Gale vlalted hla datighter, Mra J. O. Sherburne and othor relativea in St Johnabury, last week. W. S. Martln and J. II. Eaton went Tuos Uay to Shorbrook, P. Q to attend the fal Doiug ueiu at tuat placo. Frod Carpenter ia to move hero from Groton and will occnpy tho tenement in .hrastua Uatcholder'a houao. Miaa Allco P. Lazello went Mondav to Oxford, Maaa., where she haa a poaltion in uie uammona primary acliool. Mr. Davidaon, a cattlo huyor from Now- port, was in town xuesuay anu Weilneauay oi iaBt weeK, looKlng ior atock. Mra. Nelson Hamel and daughter wont to wooUBviiie, xs. JI laat week Monday to viaii reiauvea, roturuinR Haturuay. Mlaa Itojo Cooper and Ilorbert Ward of uamioipu viaiteu at Mra. Ireno Pagos iuurauuy, koior oacK nome u ruiay. Mra. Honry Dnnhar and dauohter of St Albaua, who havo been apondlng two weeka ai rren rernn'a, returneu Baturilay. Furnlture dealer S. A. Batchelder no longer aporta the valuable rlng ho haa been wearing aa ho lost It laat week. Mra. Spofford, who haa beon viaitiug at J. A. Foas' and Solomon Barrott'a, roturned to hor home ln Burlington Saturday. Mra. Elljah Huntington of Colorado, who haa been apendlngaome timo with her uncle, T. I". Barrott, haa gono to Randolph. Mi8a Emlly Spencor ia taking hor annual vacation and will viait in Bnrre, Wllliama town and St. Johnabury before returnlng. Fred Perrin, who haa beou cocflned to tho houso for a fow daya wlth aickneaa, haa ao far recovered aa to be again in his store. Miis Blauche Birnea who had beeu speuding the woek wlth her slater, Mra. E. F. Leavitt roturnod to Burlington last Fri day. Mr, aud Mra. Lee Carr, two daughtera and ouo aou of Lowell, Miaa., were the guesta, last Thursday, of Mra. It. D. Ktch ard'a. Mra. G. D. Kidder aud daughtor, Blauche, and Mra. Hookor of Washington, D, O , Mrs. Kidder'a aister, speut last woek iu Barre. Edgar Martln of Manchester, N. II., ar rived in towu Satuiday aud will apeud his vacation of two weeks at his father's W. S. Martin'a. Mra. Channlug Ilaaulton and daughter, Blauche, roturned to their home ln Maasa chuaotta Thursday, aftor a atay of aome time in town, Will Sho-oj played ball wlth tho North Montpelier niutt at Marahfleld Saturday. Qulto a number from here went up to wit ueaa the game. Will Shorey played ball .at Hardwick ou Monday, golugto Montpelier that ulght to commence hla labora as nlght clerk at the Montpelier Houao. The Marshfield coruet baud of twenty pleces, Ira A. Edaoa leader, will glvo an open air coucert on the vlllaije common Sat urday eveulng. Come and hear them. Ed, Klaer, who haa beeu employed in a rallroad oflice atSugar III11, N. II., Ima re slgued hia posltlon on account of llldiealth. Ho ia to go to Klrkaville, Mo., for treat ment. A certaiu uoted hunter of the towu, who keepa poated on the gnme lawa atarted out the flrat day of the opeu Beaaon returnlng at nlght wlth all the patrldgea one ia allowed to lake In any ono day. Moral: The early gunner catchea the blrda. Herman Wheeler, who anllated in the United Statea navy aud ia now at Porto Itlco, wrltea glowing acuouutH of the island aud a vlvid plcluro of tho lato hurricane. Ho alao atatoa that he is aoon to go to the Philipplnea, The regular meeting of the Woman'a Christian Temporance Unlou will be held Friday aftornoim at which time delegates to the State conveutlon will be elected, The Methodiat mlsaion aocietlea will meet Wrdutaday afteruoon wlth Mra, Ireue Pago. A nrt of tho atable (loor lu tho cow barn of Clluton Cutler gavo way one nlght last week and preclpltated threo cowa luto iho liaaomont, hanging by the H'auohhiiiM, Fortuuately two ueiglibura were pusslng at tho timo and hearlug the nolae, atopped and noilllml Mr Cutlor, who with their aaslat anoe, releastd his atouk before any great dumage wua dono. MIsb Luclnda Orottt, mother of Mra. Hnwurd Martln aud Mra. Austln, who dled in Barre aome two weeka' ainco, ivould hare tieeu nlnety-threo years old tbo 3 uur da following her doath. Hliu was the olil esl meuiber of tho Methodiat cburch lu this nlace. Mrs. Orctitt had been verv actlvo anil two weeka beforo her death wout from Mra. Uoward Martin'a, whero ahe hait mado her home foj sovoral yeatB, to vlalt hertbrro daughtera and numorous grand chlhlreu and great grandchlldren, who llvo iu that city. Soou after her arrlval tdia waa takuu lll. Miaa Lydla Harllg aaatated Ilev. J. A. 8hrhurno of Barre, at the funoral, which waa hold In Barre. Whllo Frank and Arthnr WnnilFnclr woro at work laat Saturday on a Btaglug, bulldlng a allo on their farm about two and onodmlf mllea out from tho vlllage, the ataglng gavo way and proclpltatod them to tho ground, a dlatance of about twolvo feet. n rnK nuu ooiii iiuueH iu uia loit arm oro ken and wrlat dlalocatod, noao brokon and hoad cut. Arthur auatalnod a dlalnr.atlnn of tho ahotildor and fracturo of thociavlcle. Dr. v. F. IjbxoIIo waa callod and mado thom as comfortablo as poaalble. MHrshfletd. Tho Ladloi' Union will meetat tho churrh Thursday aftornoon. L. P. Slack and wlfe of St. Johnahurv woro ln town over Sunday, Jamoa Nowton and wlfe. O. H. Smlth aud U. E. Shepard aro attendlng the fair at East Corinth thla week. C. H. Nowton and wlfn are attendln? thn national encampmont of tho Grand Army now in aesalou at Phlladelphla. A datlEmter. wnlrrhlniy nlnvnn nnnnila waa born AuaUBt2G. to Mr. and Mrs. Harvnr Bullock. It Ia namon Ella Mao. ClarOnCO Wllaon and fnmlttr rntnrnn.l nn Monday to thoir home ln Boaton, aud Mr. Carr and famlly to Lowell, Maaa. MISSOS AliCO and Jonnlfl Bllllnnk barn r. tarued home from a viait at their grand- Mra. J. L. Ssverance and daimhtnr. Mra. E. A. Thom is, are ln North Troy to vlai' a uromor-in-iaw anu uucio wno 18 very 111. M. B. Bllaa haa been drawn aa grand iu- ror. Whllo he Ia ln attendance at Mont pelier C. H. Kohlnaon will drlyo hia gro. cory wagon. Thoro will be n aoclal and norn rnast un der tho illrectlon of the Ltdioa Ald at J. Borton Piko'a Thuradav Hvonlni?. Rvitv. body luvlted. Mra. Snow and two aons. who have hn boardlng a few weeka at E. V. Spancer's, roturned to their home in Now Badf '. Maaa., on Friday. The band exnrosaea ita thanlts tn Mr. Towkabury and all othera for the very pleaaant ontertainmont giveu them whlle at the Ityogate fair. Mlaaea Allco and Anna Farr, who have beon vlsitlng their aiater, Mra. H. J. Bul lock for a shurt time, have roturned to thefr home in Northfield. Mr. and Mra. Lutber Bomla, formor rea Idonta in towu but now of Everett, Mass , have been maklng relativea and friends in thla placo a ahort vlalt. There waa a largo picnlc at Peacham poud, last Wednesday, aud a com roast ln the evening ar, Frauk Whlto'a, at whleh over 100 wero prosent. Byrequoatof Waltor Martln, ono of I'a mombors, tho band expecta to go to Plain field next Saturnay ovenlng for a rldo and to glve au outdoor concert. W. D. Smlth and Howard Carpenter went to Hardwick Monday to aasiat the Woodbury baae ball team in their gauie wlth the local team of that placo. The toachera ln the two dlatricta not glv en ln last week'a roport are Bollea diattict, MIsb Gertrudn Kederson of Barre; Klug district, Miaa Nellle Wllliama ot Cabot. Those who ahlpped atock from thla place to the Ityegato fair are expreaaing Bomo dtssatisfactlon with the treatment of tho rallroad company in returnlng tho atock. A money purao contalnlug about twenty dollars, waa lost Thuraday between the vlllage nnd the depot. A aultable reward will bo glven tho finder if the purae 1b left at tho poatoflico. The North Montpelier baaeball team de feated the "Stara" by one acoro in the game hero laat Saturday. Tho third game of the serle? will be playod on Ryana' park at Plainfield, next Saturday. Game called nt two o'clock, v M. Miaaea Nellio Swerdferger and Josephlue Newt return thla week to their achool ln Eaat Northfield, Maaa., as do alao J. Ward Carvor, Eleanor Cole, Goldle Smlth, Flor ence and Ella Wooater and Ethel Bemia to Goddard Seminary. Nellle Lucaa alao goea to Aiontpeuar seminary. Tho Ubrary truateea havo commenced to purchase booka for the llbrary. They placed an order for abont ,700; volumea on Monday, and expect to glvo another order tho drat of noxt week. If auy thlnk of publicationa thoy would like to have pur chosod, they aro requeatod to placo their ltst in the handa of tho truateea thla week. Somo of our cltizena were fortnnate in obtaiuing premiuma at the Regate fair laat woek, among thom, C. E. Shopard, aecond money ln tho 2:30 race, for his brown ruare, "Itestloss,"; O. H. Smlth, Ilrat pre mium on worklng oxenj 8. A. Carleton, flrat premlum on tbree-year-old tralned atoora and rlrst promlum on white chea er boar. Qulto a bit of chaugiug about iu residence tooK place the last of the week Martln Freeman moved to his place recently pur chased of Mra Levi Benton and Mra. Ben tou muved to the place alio rocetitly pur cha9ed of Ira Ednon. Mra. Ecta Shepard haa moved Into Mnader's block, wlth Mr. und Mra. Whllcomb, aud Frtd Eills has movt'il iu'o the tnill house. Tbuse Muuipelixr youug men who came to this placo last Siturday to a-sist the North Moutpelier base ball team, aud wbo coulil not be aatlarltid without committiug somo doprecatlous upon public property and the theft of private property, had beat count thomselves fortnnate in getting out of the trouble as eisy as thoy did, Should it occur again they mlglr. not be aa fortu nate. What a dark Btormy nlght waa laat Fri day nlght I What a night for ghostsl One of our extraordiuary and hlgb town ouicials ia authority for the atatemeut that as he waa returnlng to hia hoardiug place from a short atay dowu town aud waa passlug the new llbrary he waa arrested by groans. He aaya ho was not frlghtened yet a little ahaky, but mustered courago, which cour age is not to be wondered at conslderlng his otllcial cipacity, to look about to aee what the 'roublo was. There confronted hlm two ghosts atauding one at oacli end of the buildlug. hen queatioued by hlm whereof they groaned, they said, "wecan not rest ln peace until thia old ahed la re moved." The ofllcor thought hia duty plalu aud lu the early hnura of Saturday morn ing informed the owner of tho ahed of hla night'a experlence. t'ha worthy oflicial la troubled aud ia aeekiug conaolation by atat ing hla trouble to his friends. So far aa learued all the conaolation he recelvea ia that it la hoped no peace of mlud, or rest of body, will be hia to enjoy uutll he haa of fectually removed the cauae. Vershire. Miss Malml Speare has roturned from hor visit at Williamstown. Clvde Fulltr la to euter the Academy at Thetford Hill this fall. L, S. Speare had the mlafortuno to loae a valuable cow laat week. The vlllage a hcl began on Monday wlth Mlaa Bertha Croas teacher, Mr. and Mra. Wllmnt of Falrioe viaited his daughter, Mra. L E. Ellla, laat week. Honry Speare ahot a hawk the other day which meaanrod four feet from tlp to tlp, Mra, Honry Dlokey haa pullets which hatched Uat Aprll that beguu to lay ln Au guat. Alleu Wilmot, who formerly Uved ln town, has been vlsitlng heto duriug tho paat week. No servlces were held nt tho Advent church last Sunday. Sumu u( tlio pariah and the tulniator were ut tho cai'np meetlug ut White Iliver Jiinctlon. Tho pulpit ot tho Cougrogatlonal church was occupled last Sjunday bv Hev. J. B. Hlchardaon who preaohod a most ahle aud lulerostlng aermon. Tho aubject was 'riie Uulty of Mlaslous," from tho text "Beglu uing at Jeruaalein, uveu to the uttermost parta of the earth." Thoaiibject aa handled waa moat luapirlug and eujoyed by all. Mr. Itlchardaon alao asstated at the Chriatlau Budoavor meetlug ln the evening.