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VERMONT WATCIIMAN & STATE JOURNAL, THURSDAY, APRIL 21, 1904. fmncrnt BHatdumm;. Tluirsday, Aprll 2i, 190-4 . tTHUR UOPBS dcncrnl Elltor OHICAGO'S REFERENDUM. About two weoks ngo tlio votors of Uhicngo declnred by nn ovorwlielming mnjority tlielr doslro lor uiunioipnl owiiorship of tho etroet rnilwnyj. Threo dietinot questious wero nu sworod by n roforoudum. By n voto of 152,434 to 80,104 tho peoplo do olarod thomselves iu favor of adopting tho Mneller lnw, whloli nuthorlzos tlio mnnioipallty to construot, own, op orato, aud lonBo street rnllways; by Tote ot 120,744 to 00,81)3 iniuiedlnte owiiorship wns fnvored;and the propo eition to licenso streot rnilway com pnnios, luatoad of granting frnuohisos to them, waB approved by 120,181 to 48,050, Tlio lnst two votos woro nd vlsory nud not mandatory. In splto of thoso doolarations of the people tlioro eeeinB to be tio liklihood that Ohlcago will soou make the ohango to pnblio owuership. Tho difilonltios In tho wny aro too gront to be oVorcohio quiokly. Thoroare lcgal diilioutties whioli in all probability are iu theniselvea aniHcient to preveut nby bucIi action at tlio presont tirno. Moreover, tlie fiiinucea of tlie oity aro iu buoIi a couditiou that it woald bo a practical impossibility to purchase tho street rnllwnys It woald reqairo an immpuse nuionnt of money, moro by far than tlio oity iiow cnn nfford to uso. btioli nn added burdun of debt , and tnxntion -vonld briug Oliicugo to , -tho vergo of baukruptey. , But tlie referendnra is not iutor preted ns mtaniup quito wlmt it snys. It in uuderstood to bo luoreof n threat than au expression of detertuination tlmt actipn be taken at onco, Tlie j peoplo nro iuipatient oven angry at the uiiserable service the street car couipames liave beeu giving, aud tliis method has beou takeu to briug the I ownors of tlie roads to a full under- . standiug of the dangors of furthor j contiuuanco of tlie polioiea of tno ' past. It ib hoppd riiat tliis domou Btration will liavo the desired offeet aud ttiat the traotiou interests will beatir thouiselvos to givo better sor vico to tho publio. If tliey lnanifest a williugness to assent to any rcasou nblo terms for tho sottlemout of the traotiou question wliioh the oity rnay dooido to be necessary to protect its lntorests aud to sepnre an adequato up-to-date street-rar servico, munioi pal owuership will not be attempted. ' If tliey refase to coiue to terms, it 1 may be tlmt. the oity wih before lonu try to tako over thoir roads. , The seutimont of the Ohicnga press appoars to be agaiuat taking tho fate ful step into the uukuowu realius of tuuuicipnl owuership but tlioie is a docidod suntiment expressed iu favor of inunioipal control to tlio exteut of guaranteeing good serviee. Ohieago haa onongli tronble 011 her liands at preseut without rhe added rosponsibil ities and dangers of tlie uiuuagemeut ot a street railway sjsteru. It is to be hoped that slio will uot feel obligod to do more than corupel boiuo ueeded jeforina. THE NATIONAL GUARD. Tlio subject of keepiug up tho Na tional Guard, whioh has becoiuo quito importaut siuco tho anuonnceuient was uiade tlmt tho Brandon Oouipany wns likely to lnp.so iuto iunction, has cnused cousiderable diEcuesiou throughout the Stnte, and in all tlie discussiou the faot is eniphasized tHat the Kntioual Guard must be kept up to tho highnst point of nillcieuoy that , is possihlo, Tho couditious that np pear to be rospousible for tho deoliuo of tho Braudon Oompany exist, to n less degree, iu all tlie couipnuies of the State, a spirit of hnlf-henrtcduess th.it is ininiical to tho progress of auy orgauizntiou. As n niattcr of fact the rouianco lins boon bnooked out of National Guaidom, if that expression may be used ; sinco tiie reorgauizntiou thero has beeu uioto soldiering aud less acting, more work nud less be tiuseled olny. Uuderritanding that, thero is little wouder that the en thusinsm should wane to a, certain ex tent, that those who liavo beeu proud of untty uniforms should heaitato to drag thoir fluory through thowud and grimo ot hard work. But the major ity of the membors know full woll tlmt the new regline is better, aud, taking the couiuiou-Eeuse view ot tlie sitnntion, will, wo believe, mnintaln tho guard to tho highest point ot ofllolonoy aud difcoipline. Sooii things tlmt cnu bo douo to make tlio service more attractlve ,Should bo douo, bat tlio disaipline, both at mustor aud away, must uot be relaxed. Barre Times, Tin soldiors oan uo longor stay in the militia. Tho requirements for momborsliip are ooustautly boing ad ded to, At tlio outbreak of the SpaniBh-Anioriaau war in 1808 tho whole conntry was shooked to find that tho militia in uo State !n tlie Uniou was up to a proper staudnrd, but fhe leBSon of thnt dlsnppolntmont has boon lioedod aud the militia to day, in this State at loast, is iu au unuBually good oondition. A fow yoarB ngo tlio militia waa an orgauiz atlon for ' tho purposo ot imvlng a good timo aud inoldontally ot learu- ing a littlo nbout military mattors. Today tho mllltnry part 1b forouiost. Tho Uuitcd Stntoa govoruniout is grndnnlly taking n grontor liold ou tho ruilitia, Tho physloal oxninina tion for onllBtuiout in tho uiilitiu uow qunlifiofl tho mnn for servico uudor tho Unitod States, bo that if callod Into Borvico tlioro vvonld bo 110 ahrinkago in nionibors boonuso of fnil tiro to cotuo np to tho physical stnnd ard. Braudon will probably keop up her oouipauy, Hor vory prido should deuiaud it. WIRELESS IN WAR. The quo9tlon of tho vnluo of wire less tolegrapliy iu wnr lias already beeu oouHidored. Now it is followod by n diaousalou of ita legality, for tlio Rnsslan govornment lioa servod notioo that it will oousider it lllcgal, or iu othor worda that tho tiso of wireleea telegraphy at or near tho scat of war willbo oousidorod a broaoh of neutral ity Nowspapor oorrespondeuts telo graphlng without wires will bo shot ns spies, aud vosboIb oquipped with wireless tologrnphio apparatus ventur iug uear tho scono ot war, it cnught, will bo oonQsoated as ooutrabaud of war, Tliis is goiug a step boyond nny tliiug that appears to liave beeu done in that liue iu provious wars, and thero is n dcoided quostiou uiado as to tho riglu of RuBsia to niako suoh a rule, So far as correspoudeuts no compauylng tlio Russinu anny aro coucerned it is of conrso admittod that the govorunient has a perfcot riglit to atlniit oulyEiich as it seeflt,nud thoso upou snoh toruis ns it sees flt. It may bo also aduiitted that n right of ceu sorship exists over tho uowspapor de spatoh boats which entor tho torrito rialwaters or the wators whioh nre in oluded iu tho sphore of belligorout ac tion, Bnt to outlaw wireless tele graphy iu all thnt part of tlio world seeins to bo carrying tho point too fnr. It does not nppear that becauso vos sels aro eqnipped with npparatns for wireless telegraphy, thoso vessels bo ooine ipso faoto belligerouts and oou trabaud of war. A great part of tho largo oceau going steamers ljowadays are eqnipped for wireless telegrnphy. It appears thnt snoh steamors would liave ft porfect riglit to go abonc thoir bnsiuesB uear the seat of war without throwing tliair apparatus overboard. Rockets or mirrors niiglit be used to sigual frotn one ship to another or from lnnd to ship, but it would sccm paRsing straugo wore rookota and mir rors to be disbarred from steainers for thnt reasou. Wireless telegraphy has oeoouie a coinmon nud nlnioot necefc sarv pirtot the uquiuiu iut of amoilorn oceau isoiiig steimi' r and tlie use of it has becomt a eoinmnu luoans of tranfc niittiiig itifornintiou. It would feeiu thnt Rusnia's staud would mote prop erly bo ngniust the misuso of the ap paratus rnther tlian apainpt the nppn rntus itself. It is the trnusniission of belligerent or coutrnband informatiou tlmt should be prohibited, nud uot the mere possesaion of somo familiar scion tific apparatus. Tho Japauose join tlio rost of tho world in mouruiug the death of vice Admiral Mnkaroff. Ono of tho lending Japanese papers jays: "Whilo the nntlou rejoices, tho iudividual luourns the death uuder buoIi oirouinstauces of the distiuguished aud gullaut Mnknr oil. Thore was a great lnuteru pro cession lnst nicht at Nagoya. Ono thousaud white lauterns wero carried iu tokeu of mouruiug for the dead, aud thoso bearing tho lauterns wero preceded by bannora insoribed : 'We sorrow uuquenchably for the brave Russian, Mnknrott. 1 " Evidently tho Jnpnuese are not wholly uuoivilized nud uot ho vindiotivo that thoy cnunot nppreoiato the good qualities of nn eneaiy. Lieutenaut Penry lias giveu up a trip to tlio Polar regious tljis suiumer for laok of the funda whioh he rogards as nocossary to equip his expodition. All ho wants Ib $200, 000, nud strnngo to say pooplo havo not fallen ovor thoin- solvea in thoir hasto to linud over tho cash for his valunblo (?) soieutiflo work. Most peoplo seom oontent to leave tho polo nloue in ita glory with out tryiug to out somo initinls 011 it. But, renlly, somobody ought to givo Peary tho mouey and make hiui prom iso to go so far north that ho oouldn't Bond news to tho papors or deliver any more locturoB for at least a oouple of years. Hill haa won out in his flght iu New York aud has Boourod a dolega tion to the Domocratio nntional oon vontion, instruoted for tho nominntion of Judgo Parkoi-, aliaB "tho Sphinx," nlias "the lutorrogatlou point." Tammauy was dofoated in its flght for au uuiustruoted delogation but in returu for a dooilo accoptanoe of tho fortuues of war tlio Tamtaany ohiof taiuB woro givou n roprosoutatiou 011 the "blg four" delogation. Hiil, Mnrphy, Ridwgay, nnd Belmont rep rosont a dlvoraity of iutorosts and it seema passing strango to seo thom with looked armi-quoo again. If a woll oquld be dug 40 mlles into the oarth, tho nlr at tho bottom would, at the proportiou maintained at the surfaoe of tho globo, bo tho deuaity of quioksilver. , IN CONVENTION, Republicans Elect Delesates and Adopt Platform. DIIXINGHAM HEADS DELEGAT10N. W. Seward Webb, H. N. Turner and li. S. Bingham the Others. Senator Foraker Greatly Appl?uded. Burlington, April 20. Tho various hotola in tho oity woro orowdod to tho full oapnoity last uight with tho nrmy of delegatnB to tlio Ropnblioau State couvontion nud the orowtt of frieuds nud political onthusiasts or wiropnll ora, wlio wero ou haud to soe tho fuu today and to got a liuo ou tho politioal situation for tho comlng State cam pnigu. Tho Vnu Kess House, whioh was tho coutor of uctivity, buzzed with political pros and cus uutil n lato liour iu the ovouiug. Thero was littlo intorest mauifested iu the Stnto conveutiou tuday or iu tho eloctiou of dologates to the National cdnvoutiou, but most of it was ceutored in the couvontion for tho First Cougressioual District which will bo hold tomor row in this oity und, which promiseB to taniisli a real coutest for tho niuuse- nioiit of the speotators. It is expeeted that tho resultsof that district couvon tion will iu a largo degreo clear tho uucertniu atmosphere onvelopiug the numbor aud persounlity of tho caudi- dntos for tho uomination to tho gov emorship. Zed S, Stituton, O. J. Boll, und P. SV. Olement nre all iu Burlington. Stantou nnd Bell wore lnst uight in the lobby of the Vnu Noss House but Clomout kept in se clusion. tliough it is uuderstood he is conferriug with liis former lieutou autB. Tho nuuouncomeut wns mnde lnst night nftor n mocting of the Stuto cammittpe that tho P.opnblicau Stato couvontion for tho uomiuation of Stnte orHcors nud presidoutial oloctors will bo held nt Montpelier, Thursdny, Juuo 30, at 10 n. m. Kx-Govornor Joiiu W. Stewnrt, of Middlobury, hns boeii soleoted by the couiniitteo as tenipor ary chnirmau of tlie conveutiou. In the uiatter of the goveriiorship, tho ieeliug of the dolegateB, and others iu nttendance ou tlie couvontion, iu n large majority, is deoidodly for tho strongost caudidate thnt cau be uoinl unted, nud the curreut of proferenco sets so strong toward Hon. Joseph A. DoBoor ot Montpelier, thnt ho soems to bo tlio ninu, willing or unwilliug, whom the couvontion iu June will uominnto. Iu this counection, nud in view of a randoni statemeut iu the news col uinns of the Free Press this moriiing, ou tho authority of somepersou wlnno uame is uot giveu, to tlio offect that Mr. DaBoer would not uuder auy oir ourastnuces accept a uomiuation if it were tenderod him, the Journal ropre sonative feols coustraiued to report that the real situation unquestiouably is tliis: Mr. DeBoer has uot been, aud is not now, seekiug tlio oilico of Gov eruorj he is not "caudidatiug" for the oilico; neither ho uor any friencl, norany oue iu his intorest, is creatiug or Eoekiug to oreato, publio seutimont in his favor It ia, howover, uude niable thnt tho ofllce is seekiug Mr, DeBoer, very diligontly, aud evidently intends to find him, aud the diligeuco of tho soarch, as ls evident overy whero about this couvontion, ropro sentiug all parts of tho Stnto, is dnily moreasing iu iutensity. Cousiderable discussiou arose this morning wiion tho dologates from Clarendon preseuted thoir oredeutials to tlio Stnto Ropublicau conimittee. Tho legular party delogates woro Noah O. Walsor, D. (J. Hioks nud B. E. Horton nud tlio locnl optiou Ropub licau dologates wore Olmrles Stnil'ord, Heury Webb nnd O. P. Suiitli. Jo seph Joues ropresoutod tho caBu jf tho former nud Robert A. Lawrenco tlio lattor. Aftor oonBidornblo nrgumout the Stato committee weut into oxoun tive 'sessiou and deoidod in favor of tlie roaular delegatoa. Tlioro woro two towu committees aud two cau ouses hold oaoh oleoting its dole gatos. Tho Stato committoe rocog uized tlio regular Republicau deiegatoe. Sonntors Dillinghnm, Proctor and Foraker, Oongressmnn Foster nud Dr. . W. Webb nrrivod at au onrly hour in Dr. Wobb's apeoial car, Shortly aftor 10 o'olook Shermau'a military baud osoortod tho party from tho Yan Nosa Houbo to tho Iloward opera hnuso whoro tho ouuvoutlon was hold. It was uonrly 11:80 o'olook whon Thad M. Ohnpman, of Middlebury, ohairmau of "tho Stato oommittoo, oalled the oonvention to ordor by a atroko of the gavol. Prayer wns offerod by Rov. F. B. Ponuy, of Bur lington und tho oall of the couvontion was read by Sooretary A. E. Wntsor, of Hnrtford. Chnirmnu Ohapman thon iutroducod Hon. H. H. Powors, of Morrisville, ns temporary ohnirmnn of tho conveutiou, ho hnviug boen selcot ed for that positiou by tho" commttteo. Judgo Powerj nt onco introduced Sou ntor For,iker, of Ohio, ns a political wnrrior of ronowu, who hnils from a Stnto that hns beeu the scono of mnuy lierce political coutests. Sountor For aker uddressod tho couvontion for over nn hour. Senntor Fornkor spoko in part ns follows, boiug frequently intorrupt d4by npplausu nud choers: Gentlomou: 1 ntn glnd to moot in this wny with the Republicnna of Vor mout. You havo always been repre- sented in tho councils of the iiation by nblo men, bnt nover by abler inon tlmu thoso who reprosout you uow. Senntor Proctor is uot 011 ly oue of tho lendors of the Sennto, but his gonial naturo, his souud judgmout nnd his alinost fntherly kinduess to nll with whom he comes iu contaot hnvo so oudeared him to tho nionibors of thnt body thnt few, if mry, outrnnk him in tho esteem nnd ntl'ectiounto re gard of his momborsliip; whilo Gov ornor l3illinglinm i recognized by nll ns uot only n mnn of tho highest olmrncter and the most brillinnt abili tios. but also as a lendor who gives tho greatost promise for fnturo nsoful noss of all tho youuger mou in publio life. Your representatives in tho House, nhhougli sorving only thoir secoud tormp, nro already acknowledged lend rs of thought and recoguized advisors iu the adoptiou of party and nntional policies. Tlie Ropublicau party does thiugs. It is an nggressive party. It uover rests 011 its laurels. It nover stauds still. It is always ou tlio move, nud best of all it never seeks to rotain con trol of tho govornmout becauso of what it has douo, bat only becauso of whnt, it is doing nud proposes to do. It hns been moro tlmu flfty years since tho Pemooratio party did anything, or has evon proposod to do anything tlmt now enjoys tho npprobatiou of tlio Amer ican peoplo. Wo aro nt this timo confronted with groat problems uow problema prob lems thnt must be solved without tho help of procedent. Upou their proper solutiou dopeuds iu grent moasure tho good namo, the good faith, the honor and the prestige of tho Americnn peo plo. Tho Ropublicau pnrty hn9 hnudled successfully every grent problem that haB beou preseuted aud wo cau point to onr record aud "stnnd pat" on all of the great fuudnmontal Ropublicau policies. Wo believe iu a protectivo tariff as heretofore. We believe as mnoh as ever in souud inonoy. Wo boliovo iu giving tlio opportunity to every man to earn an houost dollar in an houest wny. So far as Oubn is, coucerued, it ia oue of the most brillinnt ohaptore in tho liistory of Anierioau stutomanship. Ono of tho most grntifying fnotH iu counection thorewitli ia tho capncity the Oubnus hnvo manitested for selr govornmout. Tliey havo met with the highest snccess iu every esseutial bohbo of tho word. Thoy liave bIiowu tliomsolvos worthy of all wo havo done for them. In Porto Rico our authority iR as firmly established aud ns muoh ropre seuted ns in Arlzona, or any othor part of our jurhdlotion. Aud iu tlio Philip pinea civil governmout ls uot oulv ostabliBhed, but self-aupporting throughout praotically the wholo arohipolago. Wo nro now oousider ing legislation exteiidlng to them tho applicatiou of tho laws govorning our oonst wiso trnde, nud authorizing tho construotlon ot publio roads and other pnblio improvemonts that will as rap idly as posslblo bring thom iuto olosor nud moro satisiaotory rolatioua, And, lastly, wo havo recognized tho ropublio of Pauama, and uogotiatod nnd ratifled a treaty with hor undor whioh tho work ot oonstruoting an isthmian cminl has uot only boenmndo poBsiblo, but lias beeu praotically ulready comuionood. This onunl ia to be an Araorioau work. Ic ia to bo tnilt by Amorioau authority aud with Amorloan mouey, and ia to be undor Amorioau ooutrol. It is to bo a groat majostio ontorpriso, worthy of Amer ion and worthy of the liigh purposos to wliioh it will bo dodicntod. It will bo opon to tho commoroo of tho world, bnt it will bo prltnnrily for our own bouoflt. Wo wnnt it and noed it for purposea of national defonso, and for tho promotion of our own com mprco. Our daily rocord conslttutea our plat form nud uotliing but death can pro vout tho nomiuntiou of Prosidom Roosovolt. Tho olectiou of ucxt No Tombor will bo n orowniug triumph for our candldato, onr pnrty, our prin clplos, aud, bost of all, for onr great couutry. It waB nonrly 12 :40 whou tho nbove apoeoh wiib ooncludod nnd nn attempfc wus mndo to liavo the oouvoution take a reoess boforo conoludlug its lanors, but the propositlon was votod down, Tho regular bnBiuess of tho oonvention was thon tnkou up. Wnlter B, Hub bnrd, of Brattleboro", wns mnde tem porary soorotnry of tho couveutiou and the temporary organizatiou wns mado pormnuont. A new Stato committoe was choson oue membor from oaoh uountv as follows: M. F. Barnos, Addison; O M. Barber, Bonaington; William H. Taylor, Oaledouin; J. L. Southwiok, .Ohitttondeu; H. B. Ouey, Essex ; II. L. Mott, Grand Isle j W. H. Friirchlld, Frnuklln; O. H. A. Stnil'ord, Lnmoille; H. T. Bnldwin, Ornugo; Josinh Gront, Orlonus; Wil liam H. Rowlnud, Rutlnnd; James M. iiontwell, Washington; John H. Wnre, Windlmm; J. O. Enright, Windsor TIih eloctiou of delegntos was taken up uoxt. For chnirmnu of tho doiecn f.iou to the conveutiou iu Chicago, Seuator William P. Dillinclinm. wns liominated by George W. Raudnll, of Waterbury, as n mnn who hns houornd Vermout iu the nnst nnd who would honor lier nt tho hend of the deloga tion. Ho was olected bv 11 vivn vnnn voto. W. Soward Webb, of Sholburne, wns nomiintert for second delegnto at largo by Houry Ballard, of Burlington, aud his election wns nlso viva voce. For tho third ou tho delogation H N. Turner, of St. Jolmsbury, was olected viva voco, nfter boiug noniinat od by Aloxnuder Duunott, of thnt towu. A contost nrose over the fourth delegnto. O. M. BnrDer, of Beuniug ton nomiuuted H. S. Binghnm, of thnt towu nnd O. A. Stafford, nominated George M. Powors, of Morrisville. Tho voto rosolted iu Biughair.'B eleo tion by voto of 305 to 211. Tliis wns the oulv contest iu tho couventiou. The following alteruates woro olected : H. O. WhitP.hill, Wntprbury; Thomas Mnck, Vorgeuues; H. E. Folsom, Lyndonvillo; P'rnnk L. Greene, St. Albnus. The convontiou ndjnnrued at about half past one. TJIJ-J J'JLATFOJUt Adopted Toduy Bv tho Ropublicau Party iu Convontiou. Wo rejoico that iu tho somi-centcu-uinl of the Republicau pnrty we cnn Burvey n record of progressive mensures nud beuoficeut ucliievomont without a parnllol aiuco tho foundiug of onr ro publio, Our pnrty haa gnined pre omincnco iu constructivo stntesmnu ship through mensures liko the Morrill tariff aud succossive groat aystems of protection- for Americnn industry; natiual bauking, speoio pnymout nnd gold stnudnrd lnws; tho college lnud grant for tho bonefit of our Amorican youth; emanoipntion, Soutliorn recon Btruction, nnd the opeuiug nnd de velopment ot our vast West; the glo rious launohing of the Oubau repub lic, and the exteusiou of tho bless ings of our Amorioau iustitutions aud tlie possibility of progrossivo homp rnle to the long opprosned iulinbitauts of tlie Philippines. Tlie Republicau pnrty hna witiistood ovory assanlt upou our uatioual iifteg rity. whethor of slnve power or of re bellion, or of ropudiatiou, or of silver inilation, or of subversion of onr fed eral courts; and it still stauds as the people's bulwark agaiust tho waves of populistio fautioism whioli nre ever brenking through their domocratio bnr ners nud threntening to dnsh upou tho nntiounl cnpitnl. Tlio Republicnus of Vermont Iienrt ily oudorao tho nble, houest, fearlesa nnd thoronghly Americnu ndmiuistrn tiou ot Fresideut Roosovelt. He hns beeu tho patron of uo privilegod boud syudicnte, bnt the chnmpiou of tlie people. He haa uucovored aud pun ishod dishonesty nnd corruption in higli places. Ho has out that modern Gordian .knot, tlio trust problem, aud nBsniled iiiegal oombinntions formed in reatrnint of trade. He hn been able to illng baok thoohnrge of Ropub licau insincerity ou tho isthmian caunl question, mndo iu tho Demoorntio na tional platform of 1000, aud to tost both tlio Biuoerity and pntriotism of opposition loadors by giving them an opportunity to support a Republicau treaty assuriug Amerioau coustruotinn nnd owiiorship of tho Pauama oaual. Hla adminiatration, through tho poerlusa John Hny, haa gainod for tlie Unitod Stntes n frout rnuk in the world's ,dlplomaoy. euabliug our govornmout for the flrst timo to soouro open reoognition of the Monroo Doo trluo by old world powera, (o offootu nlly protest agninat religiouB oppros aion nud oruelty in Europo; and to holp limit tho fleld of war in the Far East, thus provonting a threatoned geueral confllot ovor tho partltiou ot Ohina. White oouaidoration of dlstiuctlvoly Vermont issues will fnll to n lnterRo publicnn Stnto convontiou, upou wiioso provinco wo ahoonld not enoronoh, wo cnunot forbonr to oommend tho admiu iatration of that stalwnrt Uopuhlicnn lendor, Govornor John G. McCul lough. Wo nro justly proud of tho valuablo aervicea and hlghly oredit ablo recorda of Uuited Stato? Souatora Rodflold Prootor and William P. Dll Hngham and,of Mombera of Congress David J. Fostor nnd Kittredgo Has kins. Tho Ropublicnna of Vormont stnnd for tho following prinoiplea nnd pol ioiea: Effloionoy nnd honosty in our pub lio service, fostored by tho morlt sya tom of seleotiou, TIh grontest economy jn our nn tiounl expendituros consiatont witli onr wiseat nntlonnl progreaa. Protection of Amerioau mnrkota, supplemontod by reoiprooity with non competitora, for the joint benoQt of Amorlcnu lnbor aud Amorican cupital. Tlie guarding of tho peoplo ngaiust tho extortion of unlawfnl monopo lies. Promotion of mutunl rocognition of tho iuterest8 nnd rights of the wnge enrner nud tho wnge-payer, Our natiou's fltting reooguition of tho servioes of those who fought our natiou's bnttles. Tho presorvntiou .inviolnto of tho equnl rights of suffraga guarnnteed by our nntional coustitutiou, aud of ths purity of tho ballot. Mniutennuce of our ouvinblo na tional oredit through tho gold stnnd ard of ourrenoy. An oxpauding Amorican commerce, carried iu Amorican ships and safe gunrded by nn eflloiont Americnn navy. A moro effectivo rcstriction of an dorsirablo immigration. Tlie carrying out of suoh national insulnr aud intoruntional politics as will coutiuue to mnke tho Americau flng recognized throughout tho world as tho omblom of civil and roligious liborty, tho upllfting of humanity, nnd tho promotion of universal peace. Wo recoguize iu onr uation's Ohief Exeoutivo an emiiieut expouent of Re publicau prinoiples; and the delo gates to tho Repnblican national con vention elected this day will uuques tionablv voico tho earnest desire of tho Republicans of Vermout by sup portiug for the party'a presideutial nominntion Tlieodore Rooaevelt. FUXl) iroit IlEItOES. Pittsburg, Pa., April 10. Andrew Carnegie- has croated a fund of five milliou dollars for the beiieflt of "the dependeuts of those losiug their lives in horoio offort to savo their fellow meu, or for the horoes themselves if iujured only." Mednls nre also to be given in comuioinorntion of horoio atcs. The sohemo wns conceived by Mr. Cnrnegie immedintely nfter tho Hnrdwlck mine disnstor. Tho trust is plnced iu tho hands of a commis Biou of tweuty men. In a lotter tn the Hero Fund Oom mission Mr. Caruegie outlmes the geueral sohemo of the fuud whioh iu his owu words is "to plnce those following penceful vocntious who have beeu iujured iu horoio effort to savo human lifo. in somewlint botter positions pecnniarily tlmu before, antil again able lo work. Iu case of death, the widow and nhildrnu or other dependeuts to bo provided for until she reinarries, nnd tho ohildren uutil tliey reach a self-supportiug ape. For oxceptioual childreu. ex ceptional grants may be made for ex ceptioual edncatiou. Grauts of sunis of money may nlso be mnde to horoes or heroiues aa the conimissiou thinks advisable each case to be judged 011 its uierits " A medal sliall be giveu to tho lieroe or widow or noxt of kiu, which shall recito tlio horoio deed it commeui orates, The fleld embraced by tho fund is tho Uuited States nud Ouauda aud tho wators thoroof. "The soa is tho sceno of many horoio acts, " snys Mr. Camegie's letter, "and no nctiou is more horoio than that of doctors aud nur6es voluntoering their serviees iu the caso of epidemics; railrond hiu ployes are romarkable for heroism, All theBo aud Biniilnr cnses are ein brnced. Wheuevor heroism ia dis played by man or woman iu saving human life, the fuud npplies. Olmrles L. Taylor waB elected presideut of tlio organizatiou and F. M. Wilmot soorotnry. SAVISD H08 LIVJSS. Now york, April 15. Cnpt. Hans Doxrnd of the Red Star linor Kroon laud, who ia Bomotimea apokon of aa tho premier life saver of the Atlantio haa received from Kiug Osoar of Swo den, the decoration ot tho Order of St. Olaf in reooguition of his great career aa a life saver. King Osoar, iu be stowiug tho doooratiou, sairi tiiat he did so in rocoguition of Oapt. Dox. rud's "great servico to humanity." Fow seamou hnvo a record thnt ap proaolies thnt of Oapt. Doxrud. For thirty-six yoars iie has beeu n eailor, aud tho total number ot lives that ho has snved iu that timo reaohos tlie grand total of 808. Presidout MnKin loy presented to Cnpt. Doxrud a fluo gold watoh, whilo he holds deoorn tloua from many of tho orownod lioads of Europe, and modala from uumorouB livo-Baving Booietiea. J irjir not, indjsjsj)? imr. Both thoso gentle'men DoBoor nnd Mnrtin havo enid thnt tliey woto not onndidntoa, nnd for the best of rensons thoy do not cnro to bo drnftod. Why uot tnke them nt thoir word? Why not tront them decently in tliis mntter? As tho inntter stnnda at presont Mr. Bollnppearsto bo atrougly in tho lend, and hia cnndidnoy is certninly gnining in popularity and strength dnily. St. JohnBbury Ropublican. VJSltMONT COXOltlSSS MJSN. On tho Way from Washington to Stato Oonvention, with Senator Foraker. Wnshington, D. O., April 19. Son ntora Proctor nud Dillinghnm, Ropro Bontntlvo Foster aud tho asistant soo rotnry of tho nnvy, Dnrliug, left tliis morning to nttend the Vermont Stnto conveutiou. They accompaniod Sen ator Fnrakor who is to address tho convontiou ou national issnes. TO OVEN WOltLB'8 JPAIJl. Washington, April 20. Tentative arrangements liavo been mnde for tho oeremouy at tho White Honso inoident to tho opeuiug of the St Lonis oxposi tion. This oeremouy will tako plane in tho East room nt 1 o'clock Eastern Btandard timo April 30, Tho juBticoa of the United Statea Snpreme Court, meubers of tlie diplo matio oorps, tho presideut pro tempore of the Souato nnd the spenker of the House, together with n few others, will be invited. A speoinl tolegrnph loop will bo run into tho Enst room nnd nlford n direct wire with the expositiou grounds. Promptly at 1 o'clock, Presidout Roose volt will press the key whioh will start tho raachiuery of the fair. He thou will exchnugo congrntulatory mossnges witli Presidout Frnucis. VLEM1SNT JiJCATJiS. Rutlnnd, April 18. Tho Repnb licnu cnucus held at Baxter Imll ou Snturdny evening for tlie pnrposo of electing delegntes to tho Stato and flrst congressioual district. couventiou resulted tn tho election of a list of delogates headed by Dr. John A. Mead over a list headed by Percival W. Olemeut, the voto stnnding 519 to 493. Tho defeated delegates were pledged to support James A. Merrill, in tlio Burlington convention, as delegnte to the Ohicngo couventiou. 442 JIASSACUJED. Ooustnntinople, April 18. Reports from Armeuin stnte that 442 Arme niaus, mainly women nnd childreu, have been massncred iu the neighbor hood of Snssoun since Februnry. T111U2I2 KIL.LED. Sorautou, Pa., April 10. Three lives wero lost in a disnstrous rnilroad wrock nt Rock Juuctiou ycstorday. A seotion of n coat trnin, consisting of flftecn loaded cnrs, broko loose ou the steop grade at Wimmers aud rau bnck a distuuce of eleveu milos, oollidiug with two looomotives, which were drnwing another coal traiu up the Bteep grade at Rock Juuctiou. At Elmliurst tlie ruuawny sectiou struck aud killed two section men. It issaid that tlio rnnawaj sectiou hnd attaiued n speed of 100 miles nu hour wheu it oollided witli tlio two locomotives, TEXAS JIOJbDS ltECOllU. Ponsacola. Fla., April 16. Tho 12 inoh gnn crew of tho bnttleship Texas now holds tho world's record for fast aud nccurnto work, suntching the laurels from the battleships, Wisron siu nnd Alnbnmn, between which shijis thero was a dispute as to the championship. Tho Texna coucluded lier prnctice in tlio gulf yesterday aud cnme iuto tho harbor, wheu it was made known that sho hnd nu nverage ot nbout 89 per cent. hits which is nbout two per ceut better than that of tho Wiscousiu aud bettor than made by theAlabama. With her forwnrd 12-inoh pieco the Toxns made iu oue Btriug of shots 11 hits in 10 minutes, and witli tho aftr 12-inoh pioce 10 hits were made out of 11 shots in 10 minutes. Hor geu eral nvernge ia enid to be higher thau waa ever baforo mnde by a naval vessel. AliO TJT MAK1NG OA11DJSNS. Thore ia uotliing bottor thau puro Ground Bono in making gardona. A toitspoouful iu n hill s a poruia ueiit bouoflt, lasting nll aummor. We wholesale it at $3.25 per barrel of 200 pounda, froights prepaid to your rnilroad station. Euulose $3.25 in olieck or poatnl money order, or in a repistorert letter nud a trial barrel will bo Bhippod to you promptly. If yon dou't neod it all divldo it with your notghors. Wo publish a littlo booklot, ahowing how to ubo Ground Bono ns a Fortil izor in gardons nud in groouhouEos and to promnto tho growth of your flowors nnd shrubbery. Soud your namo ou a poatal oard and it will be Bent vou free by retnrn mail. O. S. Page, Hyde Pnrk, Vt. 14-21-28. DRILL WELLS for your NEIGHBORS Ws can Urt you In paylng bailnen on lunll cplui, Mncblnea out nJ Imple to opente. Wrlte for (r Illuitrated caUlogv aud lull lutormatlon. STAR DRILLING MAGHINE CO. Kactory; Akrou, O. Of nce:1 04 Fulton St.f N. Y.