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VERMONT WATCHMAN & STATB JOURNAL' THURSDAY, MAY 13, tgio.
THEFOSTERMEASURE Parcels Post Bill Was Intro duced by Vermont Con-grcssman MANY HEARINGS HELD Hundrcds of Lotlcrs Jtcerhcd Finor Iiif; the Mi'iisure Wliy tho Zone Sj-htcm Is I'nictleiiljle In Thls Couu try. Washington, iiay 8. Tho ' House , Comnilttec on Postofflces nnd Post Itoads gnvo cxtcnslvo hearlngs both on thc blll introduced by Congress- man D. J. Fostcr of Vermont provld-I ing for a parcels post on rural routes and also on thc largcr proposltlon of a gencral parcels post. Durlng thc precetllng month Congrcssman Weeks of Massachusetts who ls chalrnian of the commlttee rccelved hundreds of lettcrs from varlous parts of thc country urgltig favorable action on Mr. Foster's blll. In thc hcarings no speclal opposl- U0I1 ueveiopeu 10 .u. rosici s ".,. Snch onnosition as anneared came from those who aro opposed to a gen cral parcels post and who fcel that lf thc Fostcr blll becomcs a law the rcsults will bo satlsfactory that there will be a stlll stronger cry for a gen cral law. The advocates of the gen eral parcels post ask for a law whlch shall establish a low flat rate on par cels up to fleven pounds. When in terrogated they almost wlthout ex ception express themselves as oppos ed to the zone plan, that is a parcels post whcre the rate of postage shall depend upon tho wcight of tho pack ages and the distance they are to be carricd. These advocates of a gcner al parcels post take thelr idca from the system in vogue in England and other European countries where dis tanccs are much less than in the United States. It is believed by many that the only practical system in this country is that known as the v.onc system; for instancc thero would be a rate of postage for parcels which are to be carried not to exceed two hundred miles, three hundred mlles and so 011. exJ The desirc of thcsc advocates pressed over and over a"-ain is for a provide "a competitor 1 svstem that will of express companies whose charges they lnsist are extortionate. lt is 1 urged that a little reflection ought to show these people that the only sys tem that would provide a competitor to the express companies and not bo an enormous burden to tho govern- ment would be one based upon the , metlious ompioyeu uy express com- panies, that is a method by which J iiie cnarges wouiu oe uaseu upon me weigni 01 uie pacKage anu uie uis- tance it is to.be carried. Tho great ried a comparatively short distance and the only way a moderate rate of postage can be malntaiued on the packago carricd a short distance is by inyoking tho zone system. The present rate of sixty-four cents for four pounds Is considered reasonable for carrying a package from Montpel ier to San Francisco but outrageous for carrying a packago from Montpel ier to Burlington. One of the sug gestions emanating from tho commit tee is that the present limit of four pounds be contlnued but tho rato for a pound package be reduced to 12 cents wlth an increasc of three cents 1 per pound for each addltional pound. This plan does not contemplato the adoptlon of the zone method but Con gress is ranldlv coming tu see that OURE Slsk Ilcadaclio nnd rcllcveoll lliu troiiblcs Incl- dent ton biiioun.ftnio of 1I10 )rtrin, nuch as Jllzzincss, Nnufca, DrowBincf". lUstni-n nfur eatlnp, 1'ain 1 n tho SliU, ic. Wlilln lliclr nutt iCJiatraMo euccots iias bccti tliowii iu curln Ucailachc, yet Cartcr'B Llttlo l.lir rills art ciually alualiloln Ciiiitliiutlon, curln!.' iiclin." wntlng tliU unnoyli)iroiiiiluliit. hl't tlicvutco corrcctalltllsnk'isof tliOKKiiiia( li, Mltntilu'ti'tl o llvir anil ngulaU) tho liomla. 1 cnlf tbryuulv HEAD Aclic they w onld bo almoht pr lctli f s to Uioso w ho eullcr from tlilaillntrrwlnsroinplalnt; butfortn. nately tliclr (jooUness iloin 'intcnd liorc.ninl throo vihopnce try tht-m will findllutllulo iillla volu Bblolnnomany nm that they will notlowll. Ung to do w Itbout them. But uftcr all Blck hiud ACHE . tbo b.ino of po many llvrs that bcro ln hcrc wo mako our great boast. Uuriillla curuit wbllo otherado not. Cartcr's Mttlo Ller rilln aro ery cmaH ana rery eay to take. Oneor tHoplllsmako a iloro They aro dtrictly vegttablo nnd do nnt e.Ijh) or pnrpe, bnt by thelr eciUIu action lilea' oail vio U60 thcm. casies uiii:ii;e a., uzw icbz. UFIU. U Sose. W?ric9. Trade Marks DE3IGM3 iopvniaHxa 4c. Anyono aenillnir a ttcsl r)i rurt deacrlptlon mu ajilcKlr ucortnln our oplnlnn frefl whether an 4iiv'itlnu li prohubly piileiiiiible. Communlca llM,irlc(lyvitiililenilHl. HANU&QOK on I'atonti t-rit 'roe. Oldcfit lurum'y lifrpuuuntifr nalema. I'nifiita takcn thni mh Mumi A Ci recelie tferial tioilM, wilbout charne, In Iha SciciUKic Jlmcr.cam A 'mnrtannmly llluitfutcvt wcwillr, l.urjuH rlr in itt'lii n? miy arlci'ilfle loiiru..l. 'ftrm. W ri' .ri i.ur u.ji.th, l. Sutt lt ne - Ui.iUt.ii Otti'i. c au. V iwii.. , ., 1). i. CARTEl I 1 nothlng short ot a parcels post wlllj bo satlsfactory to tho country. Thero secnis to bo a much greatcr call froni all parts of tho country for a par cels post law than for a postal savlngs bank law. lt ls dlfflcult to satlsfy thc average cjtlzen why ho shall pny 1C cents a pound lf ho desires to send a packago throngh the nialls whllo tho publisher of a mngazlno pnys only one cent a pound, All the advocates of tho gencral 'parcels post ln presontlng tholr caso do not do so ln antngonlsni to tho Fostcr blll. Tliey concedo that even wlth thc cstablishment of a gencral parcels post therc would stlll bo nccd of thc locnl rato for parcels limltcd to rural free dellvery routes and they agree that evcry faciiity snouiu uo glven to carrlers on these routes to carn addltlonal nioney for tho Gov ernnicnt and so reduco thc dcflclt that thls branch of the postal servlco an- ,.,, inpm.B By the provlslon of Congrcssninn Foster's blll theso spcclnl ratcs aro limltcd to packages carrled on thoso routes whlch cmanate from tho samo postofflces. The purpose of the blll is thereforo to brlng the farniers 011 thc rural routes in closer coinmunication wlth the grocer, dry goods mcrchant, meat man, drug store and all the sourccs of supply on whlch ho de- Vnstor niini.nrnil l.nfnrn ithe committec in support of his bill. Appearing hefore tho committec in support of the gencral parcels post Ibill wero ropresentativcs of merch- ant's assoclations from all parts of the country, the National Orange, tho Farmer's Educatlonal and Coopcra tlve Union of Nortli America, and rcprescntatlves of thc Postal rogress League. Tlie greatest opposltion camo from ropresentativcs of tho retail hnrdware tradc. The text of the Fostcr blll follows: Thc Fostcr 1)111. A bill to provlde local ratcs of pos tage on parcels on rural routes em anating from the same postoffice or station. Be lt cnacted by the Senate and Housc of Reprcsentatlves of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the local rates of postage on parcels herein provided shall apply only to parcels mailed on and addresscd to rural dellvery routes, as follows: First. From tho postoffice or sta tion from which one or moro rural dellvery routes emanate to any inter- mediate post-office or to any patron 011 a"' of si,itl utes emanating from saltl l'ostoiuco or stauon anu supp.ieu " i carrior, Second. From any intermedlate postolflco on any rural delivory route to tho post office or station from which said route emanates, or to any intermedlate post office ,or to rural dellverv rnutri pmnnntlmr frnm sald postoffice or station and supplied jjy rurai carrior. Ti,ir'd. From 'any patron on any rural deHvery route to thc postoffice 0l. station from which said routo cm- nnatGs. or to nnv atron nr intf,rnlP(i. 1; iato postoffice 011 that or any other rural delivory ruto emanating from said postoffice or station and supplied by rural carrior: Provided, That in all cases where, under thls act, it is proposed to mall parcels for dellvery on a rural route emanating from a branch postoffice or independent sta tion, such parcels shall bo offered for mailing at such branch postoffice or station, and not at tho postoffico prop er; and that on such route 110 par cels addresscd to such postoffico pro per shall be mailablc under this act. Scc. 2. That thc followlng local rates of postage aro hereby establish ed for parcels of third and fourth class matter on rural dellvery routes emanating from tho same postoffice or station: On parcels weighing two ounces or less, 0116 cent; on parcels weighing over two ounces and not cx ceedlng four ounces, two cents; on parcels weighing over tour ounces and not exceeding eight ounces, three cents; on parcels weighing over eight ounces and not exceeding 12 1 ounces, four cents; on parcels welgh Ung over 12 ounces and not exceeding one pound, flvo cents; on parcels j weighing over ono pound, flve cents, jand two cents for each addltlonal 1 pound or fractlon thereof: Provided, Ithat the local rates horcin provided Li.-n 4 t,.,i ii.- icxisting rate of postage 011 third-class matter. Sec. 3. That such parcels shall not exceed elovon pounds in weight, and In slzo nnd shnpo shall conform to such regulations as the Postoffico Do partment shall make, and in general shall conform to the postal laws nnd regulations concerning mailablllty, ex copt as they are niodifled by thls nct nnd regulations promulgated ln pur suranco thereof. I Sec. 4. That provlslons, mcats, frults and vegotables, seeds, cuttlngs, bulhs, roots, sclons, and plants shall ho mallablo under tho provlslons of this act: Provided, that perishable ar-j ticles ot food submltted for matllng under thls act shall nothe accepted postmastors or rural delivory carrlers moro than threo hours beforo tho de parturo of tho mall, nnd then only at tho rlsk of tho sender. Sec. ri, That nll provlslons of law nppllcablo to tho thlrd and fourth classes of mall matter, and all provls lons of law applicablo genernlly to mail mnttor, and not lnconslstont with the provlslons of thls nct, aro hereby extended and mado applicablo to mat ter of liko character mallablo undor thls nct: Provided, that matter so mailnble shall bo subject to tho rates of postago and tho llmltatlon of weight herein provided. Sec. C. That tho provlso ln tho nct of.Aprll 28th, 1901, chnpter -1750 (33rd Statutes, pago 440,) Tolatlvo to tho transportntion of merclutndlso by ru- jral carrlers for patrons, is horeby re- jpealed. UNCONSIDERED fRIFLES Somo Fncts, Scrlons nnd Frholous, of Inferest 16 thc l'coplc o( Monlpellcr nnd Ylclnlly. "Funny, Isn't lt?" ho rcmarked. "Most every Montpelier glrl that gets marrlcd picks a husband from out of town, nnd most every Mont pelier boy goes away to flnd a wifo. Thoy don't select thelr mntes from the companions they havo known from chlldhowl. W'o ralso plenty of good nnd good looklng hoys nnd somo little lovo passagcs hetwecn somo little lovo passagcs between glrls hero and there seem to bo thcm as they are growing up. I know that soinc of these frlend shlps continuc, too. lt isn't a caso whoro famlllarlty breeds coutempt and I can't understand it." In carly days, when facllities for travel, communication and inter course wero limltcd, thero were fre (iucnt marriages between members of nclghboring famllles, and lt wns no uncominon thlng to flnd half tho populatlon of some towns rolated in some way to the other half. There was a timc when about GO percent of tho populatlon of Waitsfield wero Joslyns cithcr by namo or family descent or connection, Would lt not bo a good thlng to ralso tho dam at tho mouth of tho Xortli Branch, that somo watcr mlght bo rotalned, enough to cover tho rlver bed better in tho hot sum mer nnd in time of drouth? Jf tho sewage that comes down that stream can be kopt covered wlth watcr or even lf thero is water enougli to keep lt moist, it mny bo offensive to sight and smell but it will not bo dangerous. Whcu this refuso matter runs out onto tho rocks and tho dry sldes of tho rlver bed, drics up and becomes pulver ized into dust whlch blows through hundred windows, thero is a dan- ger that it may carry serlous infec- tlon. There aro sowers that just reach heyond tho rlver wall and which for several months ln tho year dlscharge thelr contcnts where they may dry up in tho manner mentloned, instead of being washed off down stream. Our entire scwer system, lf in- deed we can be said to havo a sys tem, must be rovised and rebullt be fore many years. lt has grown up in a haphazard, privato manner, dralns and publlc sewors sido by side or connecting with each other, without followlng any general plan, put in to provide for special and temporary needs, Inadeciuato today for the servlco expected of them. The econstructlon of the sewer system Is a presslng matter of publlc health that must havo consideratlon. One of the rcasons why tho Hu- j mano Socicty is getting along so well ls that there are so fow occa sions in thc clty for the exerclse of Its activlties. On one of tho flre es cajies of the High School building a robin has built its nest and is now patlantly brooding on tho dcllcate blue eggs. Tho students nover use that escape now ln flre drllls. The blrd sits there, withln threo feet of a wlndow, undlsturbed by any nolse thero may be ln the school room, and does not fly away when a dozen oys dldn't spank he because to watch her. A llttlo glrl oponed the wlndow tho other day and reach d out to handlo tho eggs, frlghten ing tho prospectivo mother from the nest. She won't do it again. The boys didn't speak tr her, becauso sho was a glrl. But she has learned thelr oplnion of any one who would wantonly dlsturb a nestlng bird, and lf sho had been a boy she would havo been thoroughly paddled or tossed in a blanket. Wlth such huniano sentlments an imatlng the younger, growing gen eration, it is easy to understand why tho Huniano Society has secured a large memhership. Thls is the sec ond year a robln has nosted on one of the firo escapes, and tho children about tho rooms aro more intorest ed In tho dull colored, hright look lng blrd out doors on her nest than in any of tho canaries hanging ln cnges Inslde tho school room. I only fear that when tho young roblns are hatched they may be kllled wlth klndness, for every chlld in school will wnnt to feed them anglo wornis, and It always seemed to mo that tho wldley gnpiug bill of a young robin would tako in moro food than its stoirach could propoiiy caro for. Yet If you i-ver watched a, palr of roblna feedlng thelr young, you will agree Ithat a man catlng tho same weight in proportlon to his sizo would con HUino a 300 pound hog wlta ull tho trlmmlngs ln a day. One of tho commendable pui'ijosos of the Woman's Club ls to benutify the .school bulldings and grouudH, and prohably there aro fow citles whoro such an organlzatlon, on its formation, found so llttlo opportunity for work In that dlrectlon. What school grounds wo now havo aro gradually being put in shapo in uccordanco wlth a carefully propared plan of the school board. Tho rooms themselves aro mado attractlvo and plensant wlth pictures, stntuary, plants and flowors, goldflsli nnd slnging canaries. There may bo an opportunity for tho club to mako somo dcslrablo addltlons to tho beauty and choerfulness of tho scjiool rooms but they aro nlready nmde attractlvo. I remembor that, a year or two ago, Mlss Lucla sot out somo bulhs nnd plnnted somo seedB about tho prl mnry school building, and somo cyn cits snoored, saylng that tho klda would pull up or tramplo down ov orythlng that showed Its head abovo tho ground and that It wns marely n wasto of moncy and offort on her part. Well, thoso children watclled tho unfoldlng of lenves, tho growth nnd- blossomlng of tho plants wlth as much interest as tho prlnclpal or any of the teachers, nnd some chlld Ics sneered, saylng that tho klds cruel, would havo been vlsltcd on the scholar who would havo pullcd up n plant or pluckod a flower wlthout por misslon. Thoso heds havo bccoino a rcgular featuro of tho grounds about that building. Of courso tho young stcr, cspeclally tho boy, is csontial ly a barbarlnti, and ho may bo allow ed to dovclop lnto a maturo barbar ian. But ho has sensibllitlcs nnd cu rlosltles, nnd abovo all thlngs tho healthy boy llkes to seo thlngs grow. There ls ln ln hlm that Innato de sirc to get at all tho mysterles of tho unlvcrse. By famlllarlzlng hlm wlth growing plants and slnging blrds nnd shimmerlng Hsh nnd nestlng wlld blrds ho Is mado to see, wlthout knowing tho process, tho ethlcal wrong in the exerclso of his dcstruc tlvo instlncts, nnd from a potontlal; probahlo persecutor, ho becomcs a protector, and ls prouder ot exercls lng his protectlon that ho mlght bo of cmploylng his dcstructlvc Instlncts. Chalrnian Joncs of tho School Board takcs the same posltlon nl- rcady expresscd in thls colunin, that tho procurlng of n new lllgh Schopl building is of vastly moro conse nuenco than thc site where it ls to ho erected. The special clty mectlng thls month ought to put us on tho way to getting wliat we requlre. The voters of the clty havo once express ed thelr preferenco for tho Loomls strcet site and ordercd its purchase. It would appenr that tho sito has really been bought, slnco thc Clty Counll, ncting under orders of the voters niade a trade for the property at prlces agreed upon, the deeds havo been passed, though perhaps not accepted, and the clty govern ment has ordered an issue of bonds to pay for the land. (Xothing has come to publlc atten- tion to lndicate a change of mlnd on tho part of the voters In regard to the transactlon to which they object cxcept the price. Even admitlng that the price ls excesslvc, tho ap proximate probable cost was known to the voters when they ordered the purchase of the property. If that lot is regarded as more deslrable than any other the voters should not, and I don t believc they will, allow a fow thouasnd dollars to stand in the wny of securlng what they conslder deslrable as a permanent lnvestnient for the clty, as somethlng that will be sufflcient for Montpeller's needs for half a century. On the other hand, whlle I don't supposo the present holders of that Loomls street property would inslst 011 the clty taking lt over there does arlse a questlon of fair dealing, and dealing ougut to uo as inir wnen a munlclpallty Is a party as when tho matter is entirely between Indlvld uals. Tho questlon simply resolves ltself Into thls, in the end, whether tfle clty thlnks itself bound to take tho land for whlch it has bargalned. and whether it conslderers that land as deslrable as lt did when lt order ed the city council to buy it. I saw in some news reports from Rutland last wcek an account of the purchase of a flax wheel by a Rut land man, whlch had been through several hands, which was presumed to ho l.'O years old possibly more. Thero is a flax wheel in the rooms of tho Montpelier Hlstorical Society whlch datcs back to 17G5 when it is known to havo been in the family of General Sullivan of Revo- lutionary fame in Maine, and which may be much older, which has never been bought or sold sincc that date but has romalned in the family ever slnco and Is owned today by one of tho general's tfescendants. Just as soon as lt can bo collected the Hls torical Society will .have a set or old fashfoncd lmplements whlch will 11 lustrate the worklng of flax from tho tlme the stalks wero pulled untll it was woven in the old hand loom. I found a boy in tho post office tho other nlght dlligently hunting through tho waste basket a thoughtful gov ernment provldes to savo its janitors tho exertion of picklng rubblsh from the floor, , and asked hlm what he was looking for. "I'm picklng up stamps," he sald. "Folks como along hcre to stamp thelr letters nnd brush thelr stamps off into the basket." He howed me a battered popketbook, boy's slze, with 20 or more two-cent stamps in it all of whlch he sald ho had plcked out of that waste basket. That boy will make a financler, but I supposo this revelatlon of his secret will set every other boy to looklng ln that same basket for estrays. Ho will glve lt up and tako up somethlng elso that will yleld returns for his shrowdnesB. Do you supposo, if tho Engllsh sparrows 'wero kllled oll or drlven out ot town, that more ot our nativo blrds would come In nnd mnko thelr nests In tho trees and shrubbery of the clty? And do you supposo tho Humane Society would permlt a war of extormimatlon agalnst tho spar rows. Down Pennsylvanla way they aro often sold in tho restaurants as reed blrds, and wlthout doubt many a Bwell restaurant ln Now York dis poses of them under that nom do plumo. They really mako a deliclous dlsh. If somo ot tho imported clti zeiiB who llnd: tho nativo song blrds good eatlng and aro drlving them out of tho surroundlng woods would turn thelr attentlon to tho spnrrow they would confer a favor on tho general publlc, evon though no other blrd should come ln to tako lts placo. That ehiiUcngo of tho 245-pound .vrestler reinnlnB uuanswored I now offer thls: My man, weighing 245 pounds, will wager $f00 that Bob Somorvlllo caut put hlm on his back. catch-as-catch-can, In 15 mlnutos. Has Somervlllo nny backors? I will volunteer thls fujthcr Informatlon, that my mnn ls moro than 40 years old. EARNEST TRIFLER. Stolla Are they wealthy?" Bella "They gave baby on tuuto tiro to cut Its teeth." Hnrper's Bu zar. v T1IB TEACIIKU'S ATT1TUDE. Thc Dlffcrcncc Dctwccn Tliosc Who Lovo nnd Tliosc IVho lloto Thelr Tnsk An AKruIstlc Occiipntlon. To thc Edltor ot tho Journnl: Tho ohief clement in tho internal cconomy of any school is undoubtcd ly thc tcachcr, though somctlmcs tho teachcr works under such BUperlm posed' dlsndvantngcs that his lmport nnco ln the school is minlmizcd. In gencral, however, tho tcachcr makcs tho declslvo contrlbution to tho suc ccss,or fallurc of a school. Tho complalnt of many tcachers has become familiar. "Wo hato our work," hey say. Why do tcachers hato thelr work? Therc are dlffercnt rcasons in difter nt cases. To mcntlon but a fcw of .ho moro common rcasons, thero aro disgruntled and disgustsd tcachers because they the complatnants are poorly paid; or becauso they havo tlr ed of dull routlne; or because they havo found tho publlc unsympathetlc; or because they are not equal to thelr tasks; or because they are nshamed of thelr work, or of thelr fellow work- mcn. Teachcrs some of them aro ashamcd of being known to draw teachcrs' pay; ashamcd of being class cd as teachcrs because tho publlc does not everywhcre and always laud traching as a profcsslon; nshamed of marchlng wlth the army because some ot the other teachers are unflt for the road, or becauso they lack jlngling and llnshlng accoutrcmennts. I lt does not incrcase onc's admira tlon in a man to hear him declare that ho hates his work or is ashamcd of it, lf so bo his work is honest and honorable. Nb church congregation would raise its pastor's salary because the pastor fro mhls pulplt proclalmed his hntred and shamc of tho mlnlstry. The ministry has lts trials and trih ulations; its problems dealing with huniun nature; lts superlmposed dif ficultlcs; lts lncompetent soldlcrs and officcrs. Yet what minister worthy tho name would be ashamcd of his work or hate it becauso of lts diffi cultles and discomforts? What lawyer or what bricklaycr would Inspire con- fldencc because he hated his work or was ashamcd of it? There are lncom petent men in every llne of work, and there is exactly the samo number of grumblers. " 'Tis true, 'tls plty; and pity 'tis, 'tis true." Attitude and aptltudc are not syn- onymous terms, but they have a pret . ., . . T. i 'Ul UilU f)I.IIUUl IUU1II, 111111 111 U111 1111111V1, ty close relatlonshlp. lt depends a,, , , ' , , , , , , .... , . ibut gentle ln manner and ln speech, good dsnl on a man's attitude to- , . 1 ' success of lt or not, And lf a man falls to make a succcss of his work he is quito llkely to hate lt. A man who hates his work had better leave lt and do somethlng elsc. He cannot do his best unless he loves and rc spects his work; and unless he has that lovo and respect he is not a flt person, by renson of his attitude, to stand as the represontatlve of his fel low craftsmcn or to speak in their stead. The teacher who looks down on his work, who looks down on his fel low teachers, who looks down on his pupils, who regards teaching as mero donkey-leading for the nmusement of lonlookers he is not a true teacher. It ls a man's duty to be at his best, and he cannot be at his best unless be is true to hlmself. Competency as a teacher is a matter of the teachers' attitude toward his work, toward his puplls, toward the community nnd toward himself. Teach ers havo said, "Teaching Is a bluff game." Efflclency is imposslble where such an attitude exlsts. Teachers have said, "I am a paragon of collegiate cholarship and thercfore a most won derful teacher." The conceited teach er is a curbc to puplls and the schools. Teachers have horated their puplls with such cplthets as "Blockheads!" "Fools!" Teachcrs havo regarded thelr pupils as moral perverts nnd havo expresscd the oplnion in tho school room. Tcachers have publicly denounced as Ignorant and dcgener ate the communitlcs in which they earned thelr bread and butter. Such teachers ar.e not good teachers. The good teacher Is born such. Tho good tcacher Is not a manufacturod product. Trnining can do much but not nll. The broadcr and deeper the teacher's knowledge, and tho greatcr his abillty to utillzo it, tho better for hlm, and for thoso wlth whom he comes ln contact. Tho teacher who truly loves his work Is constnntly a student, .seeklng to Increasp his know ledge and his power nnd his sklll: tho same as a true lawyer or a true nilnlstor or a true carponter ls al ways a student. It Is self-effort that educatcs, though tho effort may bo for the good of others. Tho teacher who loves his work and his puplls mem bers of his own fumlly, tho great hu man family the teacher who ls in terested in his work and ln his pu plls: that teacher has the speclflc pur poses and tho motlvo power that mako posslblc tho hlghest results ln prepa ratlon and In tcaching. Electlon to tho Phl Beta Kappa society does" not qunllfy a man to teach, and colleges aro establlslilng departments of peda gogy. Noi' ls pedagoglcal trnining ln collego. or normnl school sufflcient. Wlth it tho tcacher may still lack tho ono thlng ncedful. A certain young mnn bccnme a suo ccssful tcacher. Thls is how, 4n a small school, ho galned his cducatlon as a tcaoh'or, Ho Interested hlmself ln his puplls ln thelr work nnd ln SOMKTHING FOK IIKADACHE Nothlng elso asldo from nioney, la so unlvedsally sought for ns n cure for hendache. Ileadache powders are not safo and they glve only temporary rellef in any event. Tho chocolntc coated and cnpsulo-shnped pills call ed Sherman's Headacho Remedy nnd sold by nll drugglsts nnd dealers at 10c nnd 25s are recommended as the best headacho cure. BATHE THAT BRUISE Pprnln, nnrellltiRA, lintlws nml inflammnUou nhoulil le Rlvrn tuitnnllnle (rcat tnctit tvltli Johiion'fl Aiio ilync t.lnlment; It ln won ilcrAilly efTccllve in Ukiiif; bwcIIIiirx. It U t(iiiilly Dcuenc m wnen nppuea to ctitt, tiiirtn, etc. Jcilinnun'K Anottyne I.lnlment Hliould Ijftaitcn lnternnlly on MiRnr or uiuiiiiu:u, uim uiucr their play. Ile partlclpated in tho campus gnmcs nnd coachcd the basc ball tcam. Ile was compnnlon to his puplls, but thc teachcr wns always mastcr of the school room and thc play ground. Such a condition of thlngs could be only with tho man's sincerlty, carncstness nnd rcnl frlend llncss of splrlt. His "pollcy" dld not call for any sacriflco of manllness. Boys and glrls ho found opcn to frlcndship, as much as anybody elsc. As frlend and companlon tho tcacher excrted moral influence an unobtru slvo, subtle influence, and he dld noth ing to destroy his puplls' high con ccption of the character of a tcacher. And his cnthustasm ln school work begot enthulasm for cnthuslasm Is contagious. Ile was mastcr of the sub- Jects taught and of tho bost ways of tcaching, for ho lovcd his work and sought to improve hlmself in order to Improve others. Ho dlligcntly gath- ered mcntal materlals to impart to his puplls; he learned' how to impart them; he showcd his puplls how to gather inaterlals for themselves; ho gave them a hunger and thlrst for knowlcdge; and he was able to do these thlngs because he was a stud eut, and he was a student because he loved his work. A certain ' young woman becamc a succcssful teactier. The secret of lier succcss lay ln her attitudo as a teach- er. In ,tho flrst placo she took heed to tho maintenance of her health and trcngth. Sho prepared each day's essons thoroughly. She studled ped agogy from observatiotl, from experi encc nnd from books. To the puplls she show.ed herself friend and helper. A chlld's best effort was to her al ways cxcellent. When a chlld tricd hard to do a thlng and falling to do it perfeotly was broken-hearted, it she was ever ready with sympathy and cncouragement. She was mistress ; uiimii lu luu ntfiuii; ul uui xiuiiin 'but. nover suspiclous of thelr conduct. The puplls were her frlends and help- ers because she showed herself friendly and helpful; they were Intir ested ln their work because she was interested in hers; and so there grow up an atmosphere of cooperativn ef fort, with thc teacher and the pupils mutually stlmulatlng to better thingq. Tho spirit of co-operation extended to the parents, so that the school be camc the sceno of a real community of Interests. A teacher's attitude, ia whatever dlrectlon, affects his abillty to teach and alfects the dlsclpllne of the school. Tljcro was a little glrl named Dorothy. In tho middle of i term her parents moved to anothor town and Dorothy entered school there. When qucstloned by her new teacher, a young woman, Dorothy ied as to the grade of work she had previously done. She was soon set back a class or two, however. Tho new teacher had converso with the fornier teacher, who said: "Do I know the brat, the little vixen? Ye3 1 certainly do. She's a plumb fool nnd a she-devil. Sho was moro trouble to me than all the rest of tho school put together, and sho dldn't pass a single subject." These and further ro marks plainly indicated tho fornier teacher's attitude toward the chlld. Gradually Dorothy developed cxcel lent qualitles under tho caro of a teacher who dld not call uanies or rnnt or "get mad." Sho responded readily to the klndness of her lfew teachcr, learned to abhor lloj abovi all thlngs else, and becamo interested in her studies. Her faco bripiitened with qulckenedilntelligence. iler dis- posltlon becanio sweeter. She rose to high rank ln her classes. Tho new teacher dld not flnd her a dullard rr a moral pervere. Tho llttlo glrl gave no trouble. Sho gave pleasure, and was glad In doing so. The teacher who lovcs his work for its own sake; who malntnins a proper attitude townrd hlmself, toward his puplls, and toward tho conditions ex Istlng in and surroundlng the work of teaching; who is ready and eager for each day's tasks and performs them with choerfulness and with all his mlght; who Is wholly awaic of his hlgh responslbllltles; who fsels that for hlm his work Is best, beeause it offers to hlm the grentest opportun ity for subjectlvo as well ns for ob- jectlvo achlovenient such a t'incher ls a good teacher and waxes stronger every day. ' If any ono objects to the frequent recurrence of tho word "lovo" in tho foregolng paragraphs, lct hlm pondor. Iet hlm go forth to his bonrdlng placc, not "loving" 11I0 and cake, but lovinr; humanklml nnd cspeclally boys Mid glrls. I.et hlm try the cxporlmcnt of doing his work wlth nll his heait nnd wlth nll his strength. I.et hlm ro- member that teaching must be to n largo oxtont, what other work should bo to somo extont, an altrulstic nccu pation. QUEERGUSS JU.MIOR. Envy "Thero are tlmes when I cn vy my hnlr," remarked tho man who had falled In 17 enterprlses. "Becnuso why?" querrled his wifo. 1 1 Tl . . i. I t . . j , .. ucuiu&u ii ia vouuug oui on top, explained ho or tho many fallures. - - Answere, ff Pllla r W reltevc bllloufnoss T 0F V ind conillpatlun, with Jolmson's nmonvniE Lmiment ln weetencl wnter for crnmp, cotJ, irouuies ucmnutiiuf; fuicic uciion. Hlwaya Koop It In Vour Homo Ouarantced under tht Fooil anil tlruss Acl, Junc M, 1KM. 'Mo nml noo tiottln. I. S. JOHNSON A CO., Doston, Man, I'OLITICS AM) I'OLITICIAW.S. The Democratlc Stato Committec of New York will meet ncxt week to chooso a successor to Chalrnian Wll llam J. Conncrs. Wllliam J. Brynn has accepted an Invitatlon to .speak in Missouri in support of tho movement for Stat--wldo prohlbition. Congressman Frnnk O. I.owden of the Thirtcenth Illinols distrlct will retlrc at thc end of his present trm on account of poor health. Wllliam T. Cobb who scrved two tcrms as Govcrnor of Malne, has au nounccd his candldacy for United States Senator to succeed Eugenu Halc. It ls reportcd in Washington that Senator Fllnt of Cnlifornla may suc ceed Secretnry of tho Interior Ballin ger in tho cvent of the latter's re tircment from thc cablnet. Tho Democratlc party, in order to obtain a baro majorlty ln the next House of Reprcsentatlves. must galn Burr W, .Tones, a lcadlng lawyer of Madisbn and a former member of Congress, is being boomed for the Democratlc nomination for Governor of Wlsconsln. Former Governor McMillan of Ten nessee has announccd hlmself a can dldato for the United States Senate. to succeed James B. Frazler. whose term explres next March. Claude 1'orter 01 centerville, E. G. Moon of Ottumwa and S. H. Bashor of Waterloo are the rlval aspirants for tho Democratlc nomination for Governor of Iowa this fall. Tho Prohibitionist party has form ed lts lirst orgnnlzatlon in Louisiana and will name candidatcs for Con gress in all of the dlstricts of the State thls fall. twenty-four seats. In order to have a worklng majorlty it will be neces sary for the party to galn from thlrty-five to forty seats. C03OriSSI0XEIS XOTICE. Estatc of Aninndii C. Vuil. Tho undersigned havlng been ap pointed by the Honorable Probato Court for tho Distrlct of Washington, Conijulssloners, to reccive, examlne. and adjust all claims and demands of all persons against the estato of Amanda C. Vail, late of Montpelieiv vt., in said Distrlct, deceased, and all claims exhihited in oftsct thereto here by glve notlce that we will meet for tht purpose aforesaid, at the Montpelier National Bank in the Clty of Montpe lier, ln said District, on the 19th day of May and 20th day of October next, from 10 o'clock a. m. until 3 o'clock p. m., on each of sald days and that slx months from the lDth day ot Ap ril, A. D 1910, ls the tlme llmlted by said Court for said creditors to pres ent their claims to us for exaniiua tion and allowance. Dated at Montpelier this 27th dav of April, A. D 1910. Wllliam A. L, WILL 1AM A. LORD, LEV1 11. BIXBY, 3."-37. Commissioners. KS'I'ATK OF MARY L. (JUUl'IS. Stuic of Vermont. District of Washington, sa. To the Honorable Probate Court for tho District Aforesaid: To all persons Interested in the es tato of Mary L. Curtis, late of War ren, in said Distrlct, deceased, Greet ing: Whereas, sald Court has asslgued the 20th day of May next for exaniin ing and nllowing the account of John k Spaulding, Trustee of the Trust of tho estate of sald deceased, and for a decree of the rcsidue of sald estate to the lawful clnlmants of tho same, and ordered that publlc notlce there of bo glven to all persons Interested In said estato by publlshlng thls or der three weeks succcsslvely previous to tho day assigned, in tho Vermont Watchman and State Journal, a ttews paper publlshed at Montpelier, in said Distrlct. Therefore, you aro hereby notified to appear at the Probate Office ln Montpelier, In sald Distrlct, on the dny assigned, then and thero to con test tho allowance of said account if you see cause, nnd to establish your rlght as heirs, legatees and lawful claimants to said resldue. Glven under my hand, this 2nd day of .May, 1910. FRANIC .1. MART1N, Judge. 3C-3S. K STATE OF ('II AltLES ROHEUT DEWKY. Stiito of Vermont. Distrlct of Washington, ss. Tho Honorable Probate Court for tho Distrlct Aforesaid: To all persons Interested ln the es tate of Charles Robert Dowey, late or Bensonhurst. ln tho County of King and State of Now York. Greetlng: Whereas, said court has assigned tho 2Cth day of May, next, for examin Ing nnd nllowing the nccount of the admlnlstrator, wlth tho will annexed of tho estate of sald deceased. and for n decree of tho reslduo of sald estate to tlia lawful clnimnnts of Uie same. nnd ordered that public notlce thereof bo glven to all persons interested In said estato by publishliiK this order threo weeks successively previous to tho day assigned, in tho Vermont Watchman and Stato Journal, n nows paper publlshed nt Montpoller, ln said district, Therefore. you nro hereby notified to npear at tho Probato office ln sald district, on tho day assigned, thennd thoro to contest tho rttlownnce of suld nccount If you seo cause, nhd to es tablish your rlght as Jielr lfetP(s and lawful claimantu to sald resldue. Glvon under niv hnml. t.wa .tii iiiv P . . -. .n.A ' " i"i iuy iiu. 1 FRANIC J. MARTIN. " 38 Judge