OCR Interpretation

The Vermont watchman. [volume] (Montpelier, Vt.) 1883-1911, June 02, 1910, Image 6

Image and text provided by University of Vermont

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86071719/1910-06-02/ed-1/seq-6/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 6

Somo Fncls, Scrlons nud Frlrolous, o(
Intcrcst lo Ihc l'cople of Montpelier
iiml Vlclully.
"I'd llke to joln," I keard a man
uaylng to anothor, "lt's a good thlng
anil 1 d Hlce to belong to It, but there
are so many socletles I belong to now
that the due3 aro gettlng burdensomo'.'
When I looked Into tho matter a lit
tle I found that Montpelier la a great
lleld for tho "Jlner." Thero are nearly
forty soclotles Usted In tho latest edl
tion of the Montpelier Dlrectory, and
tlils tnkos no account ot such organl
Kattons aa Tho Club, tho Woman's
ninh. thn hoanltal ald and varlous
church organlzatlons. So there aro j
between flfty and slxty such organlz
atlons ln the plaeo and It la not easy
to flx n meetlng nlght for a dozen
mon whtch wlll not confllct wlth the
regular engagemont8 of somo of them.
And If the varlous whlat clubs, whlch
are actlvo ln wlnter, were taken lnto
account tho number of socletles would
reach closo to a hundred.
A gentlemau never parts ilils coat
talls when he slt3 down, 1s a dlctum
that was in voguo flfty years ago or
so. Has the dlctum becn repealed or
does tho Idea whlch prompted It apply
only to oue sex? I notlco that wonien
vvearlng long outer garmenta are very
careful on sltting dowu to arrange
them so that tho tall3 shall not be
When dld Camel's Httmp first re
celve that deslgnation? And why? It
1s well known that tho mountaln was
orlglnally called by the Freuoh Le
Llon Couchant, the Crouchlng Llon, a
better descrlptlve term than that by
whlch It ls known today. In Thomp
eon's Oazetteer publlshed ln 1824 It la
referred to ln evcry Instance as Cam
el'a Rump, but In one place (page 92)
the author aska ln a foot note: "Why
not Camel's Hump?" In tho later
edttlon lt ls always called Camel's
Hump and on page 44 of part III,
Thompson says: "Thls mountaln 13
often erronously called Camel's
Who made the change, and for what
reason? Does tho mountaln look any
piorc llke the hump than the rump of
a camel? Or was lt orlglnally called
the hump and dld Thompson err when
he called lt rump? Or agaln, dld
Thompson himself make the change
whlch he had suggested in the early
cdltion of his work?
The Ignorant men who framed the
constitution of Vermont declared:
"A competent number of schools
ought to be maintalned ln each town,
tor the convenlent instructlon of
youth (not poor youth) and oue,or
more grammar schools to be Incor
ported, and properly supported, in
each county ln the State."
They said not a word about the
maintenance of poor houses. They ap
pear to ihave bolieved that education
was a duty of the State and a right
of the citlzen. Now, more than a cen
tury later, we are pointed to the Eng
llsh Idea, that the people of famlly,
thoso who can afford it, should send
thelr chlldren to prlvate schools;
that the instructlon afforded by the
State is good enough for the common
folks, for those who can't afford any
thing better and ought to glve thanks
for what they get, though they pay
taxes in larger proportion to thelr
holdlngs than t'-iose who can afford
to patronlze the prlvate schools.
Ono of the r
Thursday nlg'
ter of a site (
put forth thr-
akers at the meetlng
discussing the mat-
a new Hlgh School
proposltlon that the
Hlgh School was for those whose par
ents could not .fford to send them to
an academy or college, whlch, carried
to lts logical fonclusion, means that
the public schools are an adjunct to
Slck Ileadacho and lellcvc all tho troubles Incl
dent toa bllious Btate of tho Bysteni, euch aa
Dlzzlnesi, Nausca, Drowslness, Ulstresa after
rating, l'aln ln tho Side, &c Whllo thelr niost
reiaaikable aucceea uaa bocn Bhown ln curlna
Hcadaclic, yet Cartcr'8 Little Llver PilU are
cqually valuabolnConstliatlon,curlngandpw
vcnting thia annoyingcomplalnt, whlle they nlso
correct all dlsonlcra of thoBtoniach, Btimulatctho
Jlvcr and regulato thc boHcln. Evculftueyoiilj
Acho tliey would bo almost nrlccles to thoso who
Bufler from tlijs dlstrcsslng coinplalnt; but fortu.
natoly thelr goodnceadoea notcnd here.and thoso
who pnoo try them wlll tlnd thceo littlo iillls valu
ablolnaomany waya that they wlll notlwwll.
img to do wltuoutthcni, Butafter all alck hcad
s tlio bano of bo many llven that liero l. whero
womake our great boast. Our nllls curolt whllo
othcrado not.
Cartcr'a Littlo Llver rilla aro very nmall ana
very easy to take. Onoor tmilllsmako a doso.
They arestrictly wgelalilo and do nnt grtiio or
pnrgo, bat by thelr gcntlo acllou iileafealiwUo
cisies UDi:r.;& itett ijss.
M ffl, H Doa. inaP hh
We glve one bottle of Port, Sherry
or Angelica, absolutely free, to every
new customcr buying 4 quarts of
Old Marlow Whlskey at $3.00.
Old Marlow Whiskey
ls the cmoothest, cleanest.mellowest whlskey
you ever tasted better than most $l-a-quart
goods. We have spectalized it for yeari.
We guarantee satisfactfon.
4 Full Quarts )$Q 00
"Old Marlow"
1 Bottle WineJ BDS
Shlpped ln plaln'packaeea. Wrlte for com
plete Prlce Llst.
the poor-farm lnstltutlons for the
poor, for those who can afford noth-
Ing better.
Belng a Now Englander, wlth more!
than one gencratlon ot New England-
ers bofore me, I totally and entlrely
dlssent from tho proposltlon.
Tho county grammar schools, whtch
tho old Vermonters thought ought to
be cstabllshed, and, for tho malnton
auco of whlch they set aside lands ln
evcry townshlp they granted, have be
come the hlgh schools of today. They
aro supported by a tax on all tho peo
ple and are for tho uso of the people.
If those who can afford to choose to
soud thelr chlldren to other lnstltu
tlons that la thelr prlvllege, but lt
does not warrant an assumptlon on
thelr part that the publlc schools are
only for tho poor.
Not only do tho towns malntalu thelr
prlmary and secondary schools, but the
Stato alds them ln dolng that and
also alds ln the support of the col-
leges. Norwich Unlverslty. Middle
bury College and the Unlverslty of
Vermont all recelve ald from the
State, not for the poor nlone but for
When one goes outstde of New
England and New York tho Idea is
carried to a logical concluslon. The
State unlverslty ls a State lnstltlltlon
ln fact as well as ln name. The best
litotrnpMnn thn Stnto pnn nffnrd ls
lopen to every chlld, rlch or poor, from
the klndergarten to the college. THe
unlverslty 13 as free as any other
school. .... rtsr'f'-"
Education ls galnlng. Culture ls ex
pandlng. The tastes of the people are
belng ralsed. If you have any doubt
of that look at barber shop lltera
turo for examplc. 25 years ago, even
less the staple reading of the barber
shop was tho Police Oazetto. There
were a few patent mediclne almanacs,
wlth stale jokes, that remalned untll
they were worn out, sometlmes a
weekly newspaper and an occaslonal
copy of Puck. Today any well regu-
lated barber shop wlll have at le'ast
one dally paper, some hlgh class week
ly llke Colller's or tho Saturday Ev-
enlng Post, Puck, .Tudge or 1Ato, per
haps all three, and one or moro of the
popular magazlnes.
Why wlll a man perslst In bring
Ing a half smoked clgar lnto an as-
setnblage where smoklng ls not per-
mitted? I vlslted one of the niovlng
picture theaters the other nlght and
before I had been there flve mlnutes
I became consclous of an offenslve
smell. A smoker myself, lt took but
a minute to identlfy it and a mlnute
or two more to locate it. A man sat
near me wlth a half smoked clgar
ln fliis flngers. The celllngs ot these
theaters are low and good ventllation
is hardly possible, whlch makes the
offensc of a dead clgar all the worse.
Ooes a man hang on to such a stub
and endure the foul smell of it and
offend his neighbors for the sake of
economy? If not, why does he do lt?
"What is thc correct word. to de
scrlbe he dltections for nnkitig a
ple or a rjunoh," asked a friea l, 'r:
celpt or reciie? "Receipt," I ans
wered. ' Parhaps so," sald iiu, "but I
notica Ihat most people use reoi ie'
in convprsntiou. and I flnd that fonn
more liequently used in the Iioiisp
hold celumns cf newspapera.
Of course newspaper usage ought
to settle the questlon, but to satisfy
myself I looked up what Eliezer Ed
wards, that well known authority on
the use of words, had to say, and
found thls::
"A 'receipt' ls a wrltten or prlnted
directlon for mixlng or compoundlns
ccrtain materials wlth a view to the
I.rodurtlon of somethlng; lt may be
an artlcie of food a compound for
personal or household use, or a medi
cine. The word 'recelpc ls only pro
'jer)y used niedically and it means
dliectlcns for taking."
This appears to settle tho questlon
brtwepn those two words, but noither
of lliem is Just what ls requlred and
t':e I.ngllsh language ought to fur
nlsh a better one.
Our great trouble wlth the ordinary
use of English ls that we try to makc
one vord perform too many dutles.
Dlckens called attentlon tb that when
he satlrized the American use of the
word "flx." The vocabulary of mot
peoplo ls vory limitcd or they are too
lazy montally to make use of it. Eng
lish affords a rlch cholce of words of
dellcato shades of meanlng and thero
ls no need of twistlng a word out of
lts power and origlnal senso where
some other can be used to express
one's meaniug.
Though there are more than a hun
dred associato members of the Brooks
Grand Army post, only elght of them
marched wlth tho post to St. Augus
tine's church on Sttnday to llsten to
the splendld and stlrrlng address of
Father Walsh. Theso associates are
wllllng to contrlbute of thelr means
to ald the work of the post, but aro
chary of thelr presence. That ls al
ways tho dlfficule thlns to enlst
thelr personal effort. Men nro wll
llng enough to glve money to any
oauso that lnterests them, but are
dlslncllned to glve tho personal at
tentlon that counts.
"Who glveth htmself his gift feeds
Hlmsolf, his hungerlng nelghbor and
gor and 1110."
Why do peoplo porslst ln calllng it
Momorial Day? It Isn't. It ls Decora
tlon Day, formally and offlclally, lts
orlglnul purposo was tho decoration
of tho graves of fallon .solldors. Year
by year the Idea has devoloped untll
lt has becomo roally a momorial day,
and tho memorlal sorvicos nro of
grcator consequonco in tho day's pro
gramme than tho scatterlng of flow
ers on the grave. That ceremony ls
not publlcly porformed as lt used to
bo. The parado no longor marches
to tho cenietory and halts whllo the
soldlors' graves. aro coverod wlth
tokens of remembrance. But tho day
stlll romalns Decoration Day. The
real Memorlal day ls May 10, and
wns Instltuted as such ln tho South,
whore It Is stlll observed. It ls a le
gal hollday uudor that name In sev
eral of tho Southern states.
A Balvage corps ls at work on the
North Dranch and tho nmount of
llotsam and Jetsam they aro taking
from the stream ls surprlslng. I saw
a plle of 8everal hundred pounds of
old lron they had recovered and a
lot of rags, bottles and rubbers. Two
youngsters, who mlght by Itoguo
Itldorhood and Oaffer Hoxam, ln a
homo made craft, wlth boards for
oars and an lron rod wlth a hooked
end, constltute tho corps and lts
They are maklng a sucCess ln thls
llne, but an oxporlinent lu uatural
hlstory they trled falled to work. They
captured a blg frog and tylng a cord
to one hlnd leg trled to make hm
haul the boat, but the task was too
much for the frog, so he- was dls-
patched and ltls legs taken home for
Although Montpelier was not char
tered ttntll after the Rcvoluttonary
War was ended, thero are 12 Itevolu
tlonary soldicrs bttrled ln the ceme
terie3 of the town and slx more Just
across the rlver in Berlin. The 18112
War camo on before Montpelier had
taken on any conslderable growth,
yet thefe are 40 soldters ot that war
bttrled ln Montpelier cemeterles.
There were- not many ablo bodled
men ln those days who falled to see
somethlng of mllltary servlce. ,
They say trout are 'blttng wett but
I hear of no blg catches. I saw a
youngster going home wlth a dozen
young dobsons Saturday. Ho sald he
was golng to let them grow up for
bass halt.
I'lissincr of the Aliaiidoned Furm
(Now York Sun.)
A remarkablo exhlbit confronts us
on page 11 ot "New Hampshlre Farms
for Summer Homes," a handsomely
lllitstrated and typographlcally excell
ent publlcatlon for whlch the Stato
Board of Agrlculture is sponsor. We
1 refer to the picture of an unpalnted
1 frame house wlth pent up door and
broken wlndows under the shadow of
a great elm and looklng out over a
tumbledown stone fenco on a road
untraveled. It mlght be taken for
the place where Hawthorno wrote
"The House of the Seven Gables,"
but it has a dlstlnction all lts own.
Allne ot type under the picture tells
us: "There are abandoned farms stlll.
This is one ln Hopkinton, Merrimack
Tweuty years ago abandoned farms
were a drug on the market in New
Hampshlre; in the boulder country
there seemed to be no other klnd of
farm. A tract ot 300 acres, wood
and pasture, wlth a rambllng house
and spring water plped lnto lt, to
gether wlth a progeny of gray barns
aud outhouses, could be bought for
two or three thousand dollars. It was
a nielancholy reproach to the old State.
Sometlmes a forgotten graveyard was
found by tho mustng stranger in a
second growth of forest. The census
taker had less and less to do. The
bear lumbered through the orchards of
decrepit trees. Then the Leglslature,
In a brave attempt to stay tlie depop
ulatlon of the back country, imposed
upon the Board of Agrlculture the task
of promoting lmmigration by uslng
prlnter's ink; but tho remedy was not
found untll lt occurred to some genlus
that the honorable board was promot
ing the wrong klnd of lmmigration,,
and that lustead of husbandmen on
her abandoned farms New Hampshlre
wanted captalns of Industry, states
men, lawyers, doctors and llterary
men. In short, the right course was
to advertlse the attractlons of New
Hampshlre as a summer pleasure
ground. The abandoned farms had
'been a scarecrow; lt was now to be
a lure. We take off our hat also to
the son of New Hampshlre who con
colved tho fetchlng Idea of "Old Home
Week." Don't tell us that he was a
llourishlng exil ewhose heart untrav
eled fondly turned to Hooksett or
Boscawen. stlll to Coos or Carroll
turned wlth ceaseless paln, and dragg
ed at each remove a lengthenlng chain.
Ho was one of the consplrators to
turn the tide of mlgration from the
clty to the country and sell the hlll
; pasture to men who were more ln-
toressted ln the azure robe of the
mountaln than in separators aud
scanty hay crops.
We see the perfect result ln the
sumptuous publlcation already men
tloned farm advertislng. In the pre
face thero ls confesslon ln tho very
flrst sentence ln fact: "The New
Hampshlre State Board ot Agrlcul
ture, charged by the Legislaturo of
tho Commonwealth witli tho duty of
promoting lmmigration to tho farm
Ing sectlons of tho State, Issues here
with tho eighth edltlon of lts annual
publlcatlon, designed to further that
end and called 'New Hampshlre Earms
for Summer Homes." It ls llko look
lng through a picture gallery of state
ly and luxurious homes to turn over
tho pages of thls liook. Tnke the
MacVeagh estate at Dublln. for In
stance. What cool and spaclous por
ticos, what far stnoothed lnwns, what
Itallan gardens, what entranclng vls
tns ot doftly trlmmed woodland! Be
tween them tho archltect and land
scapo gardener have made n paradlse
where onco was a senlle farmhouso
(carted away to make room for tho
pleasuro palaco) and a hlllsldo glven
up to tho prodlgallty of nature. A
most beauttful grottp ot plctures shows
anothor Dublln estate, "Includlng It
allan garden and nnclont theatro,"
wlth marble Venuses nnd nalads peep
Ing nt ono anothor through tho shrub
bory nnd dlsplnylng charms that wore
only dreamed ot on abandoned farms
by tho origlnal proprletor. Thero aro
"surnmor homes" humblor by com-
Many a nlght's rest Is spolled by fro
quont flts of coughlng-sometlmes by a
moro ttckllng in tho throat that Is so
annoylng aa to provent sleop. Komp's
pnlsam wlll curo coughB If any medl
clno wlll and wlll rellovo tho lrrlta
tlon In tho throat. For all throat and
lung troubles take Komp's Balsara.
Druggtsts sell lt nt 25c and GOc a bot-tln
wo thlnk ot each Happy tonant as onp
who "on honey dow hath fd, and
drtink tho mllk of Paradlse." Vlewg
of mountaln and lake are lo be secn
from theso "summer homes" thdt per
suade you to bellevo there Is no scen
narlson In thls collectlon, imt the
camera has transformed them sothnt
ery ln the world llko New Hamp
shlre's; and lt thero could bo any
doubt on thls polnt there ls tho test
Imony ot Ambassadora of thj great
Powers who have sojourned among tho
White Hllls, contnlncd lu lettors to
thc odltor. Tho roll of dlstlugulshcd
vlsltors, owncrs nnd tenants ls fttlly
as lmpresslvo as tho plctured estates,
If not more so. We do not mentlon
theso thlngs ln crltlcism but ln prn'se
and adinlratlon of tho genlus that has
dlscovcred gold mlnea ln hllls where
only bouldcrs were found before and
who has transformed dlhp'datcd farm
houses lnto pleasure doinw llke that
of Xanndu, ' where Alph the sanrrd
rlver ran." We cheei'fully grant thnt
ln lts panoramas and delights Ne
Hampshlre glves full measur to those
who can aflord to solve thc abuudoued
farm probltm:
"Mavk how the statoiy tviva ubovc
ua bend.
And how the sunshlne gllmmor3
through tho leavos:
A dream of beauty every one per-
Who walks thls way wlth sweet-
heart or wlth frleud."
The llnes are from the worlcs of
Moses Gage Shlrley, the Uustlc Bard
of Shlrley Hlll, whose modost home
appears as a foll to the great houses
ln "Farms for Summer Homes."
Tliere ls, inde.edz a. ghapter devoted
lo tlllage for proflt, to save thc face of
the abandoned farm, whlch ln the first
analysls should he by the sweat of
the brow; but the lllustratlons ofgolf
llnks, lawn tenuls, canoelng, mountaln
cllmblng and snowshoelng wlll not
down ln thls part of the book. There
ls also a display of fat potatoes and
blue ribl)on apples, and a flock of
arlstocratlc sheep; but In the maln
thls ls exteuslve and not intenslve
farmlng only mllk can be ralsed on
the rock pastures. What we make
of thls llne and very credltable pub
llcatlon of the Board of Agrlculture
is that the abandoned farm ls passing
and giving place to homes of clty
folk who spend $10,000,000 a year ln
New Hampshlre.
Tlutt nf the liiilil Fntrlo -Host Slrlklni:
Amotiir Birds A Bfiir'sSnow ilouse.
(From St. Nlcholas.)
There ls a pecullar charm nnd ln
terest in the study of the homes of
wild creatures. Thelr efforts and the
result ln buildlng these, even If crude,
appeal to our synipathles.
We have admlred and to some ex
tent have Investlgated the nests of the
more famlllar blrds; we have seen the
squlrrel make his home ln some dead
tree or hollow limb; we have, perhaps,
studled the muskrat and his pecullar,
dome-shape house. Few people, how
ever, have had the opportunity of giv
ing the matter extended study.
Among birds the homo of the bald
eagle ls perhaps the most strlking
posslbly because of the majesty of the
blrd ltself. It appeals to the Imaglna
tion. Built of huge stlcks loosely in
terwovon and situated on some lofty
and Inaccesslble ledge, wlth the bones
of the eagle's 1ctims scattered round
about, lt glves a proper settlng to the
stern and savage charatter ot lts
bulldor. Hero the eagle relgns snp
reme, and here year after year ho
and his mate rear thelr young. Thls
ls the aery froin whlch he can scan
the whole countryslde and llke the
robberybarons of old levy toll on all
who pass his door.
Far ln the stlll, white North, where
wlnter relgns supreine, ls the home of
the polar bear. When the long arctlc
nlght approaches the bear retlres to
some shelter spot, such as the cleftof
a rock or the foot of some preclpltous
bank. In a very short tlmo he is effect
ually concealed by the heavy snow
drlfts. Sometlmes the bear walts un
tll nftor a heavy fall of snow and then
dlgs a white cavern of the requlslte
form and slze. Such Is his home for
slx long months.
Our common littlo cottontail, or so
called rabblt, does not llvo ln a burrow
as does the English rabbit, but makes
a sllght depresslon ln tho ground, ln
whlch she lles so llatly pressed to the
earth s to be scarcely dlstlngulsh
able from the soll and the dried her
bage ln which her abode Is situated.
The rabblt ls strongly attached to lts
home wherever It may be placed, and
even lf driven to a great dlstance from
it contrives to regaln lts little dom
lcllo at the earllest opportunity.
One of the most gruesome among
anlmal homes Is the wolf's den. Thls
is simply a holo duge in thc side of
a bank or a small natural cave, gen
erally situated on the sunny slde or
a ridge and almost hldden by bushes
and looso bouldcrs. Here the wolf lles
snug; In and about his doorway lle the
remalns of past feasts, whlch coltpled
wlth his own odor, makes the wolf's
den a not very lnvlting place. Never-
theless tliere ls somethlng so dread and
mysterious about this soft-footed mar
auder that it even lcnds a fnscinntlon
to his home.
A "fly-by-night" sort of homo ls that
of our friend the bob-whlte, yet it
seems to servo the purposo very well.
Under the broad, low bough of a small
plne or ceder tree the ilock tako thelr
nlght's reposc. Quall, ln retlring, al
ways slts ln a clrcle wlth thelr heads
outWard, and so they rest, presentlng
a barrlcado of sharp eycs and sharper
ears agnlnst posslblo danger.
Tho homo of tho elegant little har
vest mouso next clalms our attentlon.
It is bullt upon threo or four rank
grass stems and is situated a foot or
so from tho ground. In form lt ls
globular and nbout four lnches ln dl
tmetor, It ls composed of thlu dry
grass, ls ot nearly unlfonn substance
and open nnd alry ln conBtructlon. It
shows great cleverness ln thls little
anlmnl, whlch Is the smnllest of mam
mals. Tho wlnter homo ot tho American
red deor Is vory Interestlng. Whon tho
snow boglns to fly tho loador ot tho
hord guldes thom to somo sheltor spot
whero provendor ls plentlful. Here.as
tho Buaw. 11118, they pack it down,
tramplng out a consldorablo space, ,
whlle about them the snow mounts
flilghor and hlghcr untll they cannot
get out lt they would. From tho maln
openlng or "yard," as lt ls called,
tramped-out paths lead to the near
by trees and shrubbery, whlch supply
them wlth food. In thls way they
lnanago to pasa tho wlnter ln com
paratlve peaco and safety.
One could go on enumeratlng blrd
and nnlmal homes by tho scorc, and
they would all be of lnterest. The
present space, however, wlll not per
mlt of golng further. The wrlter has
therefote, slmply descrlbed somo of
tho moro curlous of thc homes, as
well as those presentlug tho wldest
Jlcsopoliiinln, thc 'Uc Vallpy, Wrecce
nnd Itoine.
(From Theodore Roo3evelt's Recent
Addross at the Unlverslty ot Berlin.)
The flrst clvlllzatlons whlch left be
hind them clear records rose ln that
hoary historic past whlch geologlcally
ls part of tho immcdlatc present
and whlch ls but a span's length from
the present, even when compared only
wlth the length of tlme that man has
llved on thls planet. These flrst clv
lllzatlons were those whlch rose ln
Mesopotamla nnd the Nlle valley some
slx or elght thousand years ago. As
far as we can see, they wero well
nlgh Independont centers of cultural
development, and our knowledge ls
not such at present as to cnable us to
connoct elther wlth tho early cultural
jnovements ln southwestern Europe on
the one hand, or ln Indla on the other,
or wlth that Chlnese clvlllzatlon whlch
has been so profoundly nffected by
Indlan lnlluences.
Compared wlth tho clvlllzatlons
wlth whlch we aro best ecqualnted,
the strlking features In the Mesopo
mnnian and Nilotic clvlllzatlons were
the length of tlme they endured nnd
thelr comparatlve changelessness. The
klugs, priests and peoples who dwelt
by the Nlle or Euphrates are found
thinklng much the same thoughts, do
lng much the same deeds, leaving at
least very slmilar records, whlle tlme
passes In tens of centuries. Ot course
there was change; of course there
was actlon and reactlon ln influence
between them and rheir neighbors;
and the movement of change, of de
development, materlal, mental, splrlt
ual, was much faster than anything
that had occurred durlng the aeons
of mere savagery.
'But ln contradlstluctlon to modern
times the movement was very slow
ludeed, and, moreover, ln each ca3e
It was strongly localized; whlle the
field of endeavor was narrow. There
were certain conquests by man over
Nature; there were certain conquests
in the domaln of pure lntellect; there
were certain extenslons whlch spread
the area of clvllized mankind, But lt
would be hard to speak of it as a
"world movement" at all; for by far
tho greater part of the habitable
globe was not only unknown, but lts
extstence unguessed at, so far as
peoples wlth any clvllization whatso
ever were concerned.
Wlth the downfall of these anclent
clvlllzatlons there sprang Into prom
Inence those peoples wlth whom our
own cultural hlstory may be sald to
begln. Those Ideas and lnlluences In
our llves whlch, we can conseiously
track back at all are In the great ma
jority of Instances to be traced to the
Jew, the Greek, or the Roman; and
the brdinary man, when he speaks of
the nations of antiqulty, has In mind
speclfically these three peoples al
though, judged even by the hlstory of
w(hlch we have record, thelrs ls a
very modern antiqulty Indeed.
Tho case of the Jew was qulte ex
ceptlonal. His was a small nation, of
little more consequence than tho
slster nations of Moab and Damascus,
untll all three, and the other petty
States of the country, fell under the
yoke of the alien. Then he survlved,
and lcindrcd achei and
so ctfcctive as lohnson s
burnj, scalJs, Inllaniniation, ctc, arc quickly relievcd by it.
Talccn Internallvon sueuror In sweetencd watcrlt nromptljr
checks bowel dlsordcrj,
cannot exist where it ls
whlle all his fellows dled. In tho splr
Itual domaln he contributed a rell-
glon whlch has been the most potentj
of all factors In lts effect on the sub
sequent hlstory of mankind; but none
ot his other contrlbutlons compare
wlth the legactes let us by the Greek
nnd tho Roman.
The Graeco-Roman world saw a
clvlllzatlon far more brllllant, far
more varled and Intense, than any
that had gone before lt, and oue that
affected, a far larger share of the
world's Btirface. For tho flrst tlme
there began to be somethlng whlch
at least foreshadowed a "world move
ment" In the sense that It affected a
conslderable portlon of the world's
surface and that lt represented what
was Incomparably the most Import
ant ot all that was happenlng In
world hsltory at tho tlme. In breadth
and depth the fleld of Intellectual ln
terest had greatly broadened at the
same tlme that the physlcal area af
fected by the clvlllzatlon had slnillar-
ly extended.
Instead of a clvlllzatlon affectlng
only one rlver valley or one nook of
the Medlterranean, there was a clvll
lzatlon whtch dlrectly or lndlrectly
lnflttenced mankind from the desert
of Sahara to the Baltlc, from the At
lantlc ocean to the westernmost
mountaln chalns that spring from the
Hlmalayas. Throughout most of thls
reglon there began to work certain ln
lluences whlch, though wlth wldely
varylng Intenslty, dld nevertheless
tend to affect a large portlon ot man
kind. In many of the forms of science,
ln almost all the forms of art, there
was great actlvity. In addltlon to
jrreat soldlers there were great ad
mlnlstrators and statesmen whose
concern was wlth the fundamental
questlons of social and clvll llfe.
Nothlng llke the wldth and varlety
of intellectual achlevement aud un
derstandlng had ever before been
known; and for the flrst tlme we
come acro3s great Intellectual lead
ers, great philosophers and writers,
whose works are a part of all that 13
hlghest In modern thought, whose
wtitlngs are as allve today as when
they were flrst ls3ited; and there were
others of even more daring and orig
lnal temper, a philosopher llke Dem
ocrltus, a poet llke Lucretlus, whose
mlnds leaped ahead through the
centuries and saw, what none of
thelr contemporarles saw, but who
were so hampered by thelr surround
lngs that it was physically impos
slble for them to leare to the later
world much concrete addltlon to
knowledge. The clvlllzatlon was one
of comparatlvely rapid change, vlew
ed by the standard of Babylon and
Memphls. There was Incessant move
ment; and. moreover, the whole sys
tem went down wlth a crash to seem
Ing destruction after a period short
compared wlth that covered by the
relgns of a score of Egyptlan dynas
ties, or wlth the tlme that elapsed be
tween a Babylonlan defeat by Elam
and a war 1G centuries later whlch
fully avenged lt.
This clvlllzatlon flourished wlth
brilllant splendor. Then lt foll. In lts
northern seats it was overwhelmed
by a wave of barbarism from among
those half-savago peoples from whom
you and I, niy hearers, traco our des
cent. In the South and East it was
destroyed later, but far more thor-
g&iSiM Porsons' PHIs
IS O BjiMl cleaiue the syttem and
th ISi'mm ,ualce yu feel rrh
f lElaFI "l vigorom.
The Vermont
The Best Weekly
in Washington
Subscription Price,
$ 1 .00 a Year
Payable in Advance
pains there l no remedy
Anodvne Llnimcnt. ISruiaei.
colds, and many other ailments which
used. The family doctor for 99 years,
I. S. JOHNSON & CO., Boston, M.
oughly, by invadera of an utterly dlf-
ferent type. Both conquests were of
great Importance; but lt was tho
northern conquest whlch ln lts ultl
ntate effects was of by far the great-
est Importance.
Wlth the advent or the Dark Agen
the movemet of course ceased and lt
dld not begln anew for many cen
tures; whlle a thousand years pasa
ed before lt was once more ln full
swlng, so far as European clvlllza
tlon, so far as the world clvlllzatlon
of today, ls concerned. Durlng all
those centuries the c Ivlllzed world,
In our acceptatlon ot the term, was
occuplgd, as lts chlef task, In slowly
cllmblng back to the poaitlon from
whlch lt had fallen after the age of
the Antonlnes.
Of course a general statement llke
thls must be accepted wlth quallflca
Hons. There ls no hard and fasr llno
between one age or period and an
other, and in no age Is elther progres3
or retrogrWon unlversal ln all
things. There were many polnts ln
whlch the Middle Aages, because of
the slmplo fact that the.v were Chrl3
tlou, surpass'ed tha brlillant pf-gan
clvllization of thf past; and t.iere are
soir.e po'nts in whlch thf clvll 'fnlon
that succeeded them has sui:;c jt'iw
tho level of the ages whlch saw such
mlghty masterpleces ot poetry, of
archltecttrre especlally cathedral
archltecture and of serene splrltual
and forceful lay leadershlp. But they
were centuries of violence, raplne and
cruel Injustlce; and truth was so lit
tle heeded that the noble and daring
splrlts who sought it especlally ln its
sclontiflc form, did so ln deadly paril
of the fagot and the halter.
l'oinled I'iir.taraph'i.
Even the honest pretzel ls crooked.
It ls only the expected that failn
to happen.
Every body Is selfflsh wlth the ex
ception of yourself.
How people do like to ask questlonn
you cannot answer!
A compllment that Isn't exaggerat
ed seldom makes a hlt.
The uncertalntles ot the strenuous
llfe tnake lt Interestlng.
After burylng the hatchet some men
go out and dlg up an axe.
And many a polltician makes his
mark only by throwlng mud.
It keeps the wife of a self-mado
man busy maklng alteration3.
Occasionaly a liar tells the truth
because hethlnks lt Isn't.
How a woman does hato to be told
that she ls "well preserved."
If you would please your frtends,
keep your troubles under cover.
Never judgo people by thelr alms;
lt's what they hlt that counts.
The man wlth a noble alm in life
isn't always shooting off his mouth.
lt's a waste of tlme trying to talk
to a woman with her flrst haby.
A gosslp believes everythlng 3he
hears, and takes the rest for granted.
How many do you know includlng
yourself who really understanda
However, the blggest price ever
pald for a pew in church would not
buy standlng room in heaven. Chl
cago News.

xml | txt