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IN PAIIKEST rESJfSYLVAKIA. The Social Scrvlce CommlBBlon of tbo Fedcral Councll o the Churchcs ol Chrlst ln Amcrica rccently prc ccnted a report cm.the social and oconomlo conditions oX tbe mcn em ploycd ln the great Bethlehem Steel WorkB in Pennsylvnnla, whlch 'will b , surpilse to nrnny rcaders. Thls commlsslon lncludes eucli men as Jtev. Dr. Joslah Strong, Jacob Rils, 3tov. Ernest H. Abbott, Rev. Dr. C. S, Macfarland and Presldent Herbert Welch. These members ol the commission, 'tbrough their committee, Btate that Just before the strlke 4,725 nien, or 51 ,por cent of all tho employes, worked twilve hours a 1ay;.220 workmon had a twelvc-hour day, cxceptlng on Sot urdnys, when they worked ten or oleven hours; 4.203 employes had a work day of from ten nnd a half to cleven hours, wlth half a day off on Saturdays, and 47 worked on other schcdules not spcclned. In addltlon to these hours, the com mittco reported, men ln niany of the departmcnts worked a seven-day week. Twenty-elght per cent of all employes are sald to work seven days n week, and ln addltlon were those "who work on Sunday regularly as overtime. The total number worklng aeven days a week both regular and overtime last January ls sald to have amounted to 4,041, cr 43 per cent. The committee reported that whlle the management at Bethlehem sald that the extra work is optional wlth the mcn, ln some cases the foremen and gang bosses have compelled the nien under them to work extra time, under paln of dlscharge. It ls said to have been such a case whlch brought on the recent strlke. Referring to the wages at Bethle hem, the committee reported that Cl per cent of the 9.1S4 employes earned less than 1S cents an hour, or $2.10 for a twelve-hour day, and 31 9-10 per cent earned less than 14 cehts an hour. These rates of wages, aecord ing to the committee, make It imper ative for niany men to llve ln the same room. It ls asserted that durlng the last ycar 927 lnjurles occurred ln the Bethlehem plalnt, of whlch' 754 in volved the loss of more than one weeks's tlme. Slx of these employes lost an arm or a leg and 21 lost their lives. In its concluslons the committee cbaracterizes the twelve hour day and the seven day week as "disgraces to clvilizatlon," and recommends, ac- cording to the New York Sun, that laws be passed reciuiring three shifts in all industrles whlch operate tvventy-four hours a day and requir ing one day's rest in seven. It recommends that the Federal Government be urged to include in its specifications for armor plate, war vessels, construction work and the like that the work be done on a six day basis and in cases where contin uous work is necessary that the twenty-four day be divided into three .shifts. The report recommends that a day be set apart at church conferences for the dlscussion of industrial condi tions, tfcut the churches be urged to initiate a movement for, six day leg islation; that properly constituted bodies be authorized to determine Just when industrial operations are necessarily coninuous, and to make adequate studies of the cost of llving and of wages, and that employers of labor recognize labor organizations! when they speak in behalf of their members. That men in a highly rganlzed and profltable industry Jike the manu facture of steel work twelve hours a day and often seven days in the week, Iruly is a disgrace to our clvilizatlon. Those persons who are antagonlstic to organized labor should remember Uiat it is largely due to the unions that such conditions Have been abol ibhed in niany industries. The indi vidual laborer is helpless against such Injustice. Organized in a union and aitlliated with other strong labor or ganizations, he becomes a force that must be dealt with falrly. It needs no nrgument to point out tho econimlc wrong tnat prevails ln an industry whlch pays large divld cnds, when the workmen must work unreasonably long hours for a low wage. The Government cannot be ex pected to flx the return on an invest inent whlch shall constltute a fair profit, but some governmental authorr lty, more properly that of the State of Pennsylvnnia, should interfore to pre vent excessivo hours of labor and cra ployment Eeven days a week. It may be merely a coincidence that such labor conditions prevall ln a State ruled by a corrupt political ring, whero graft is revealed in State and nunicipal affairs to a scandalous ex icnt, but more likely it is all a part of a low state of political and busi nesB raorality. Thoro is no State in tho Union more ln need of a genuine ro vival of political and economic right eousnesB than Pennoylvanla. THE FOREST ISESEUVE 1ULL. Owing to a fllibuster by Senator Burton, of Ohlo, and Senator Now Innds, of Nevada, the passage of tho Appalachlan forest blll in the Senate was prevented on the eve of the ad Jourament of Congress. The House, however, after a epirited oontest passed a Blmilar tiill a'nd that mca Hure wili come up tor conBlderatlon durlng tbe regular eesBlon wlilch opcns ln Dccerrfbcr, the dato for a voto bclng Bct for Feb. 15. It ls strango that after mllll'onB have been votetl for lrrigntloa pro Jects ln Nevnda and other "Westcrn States, and large sunis have been appropriated for lraprovlng tho nav- lgatlon o'f tho Ohlo Rtvor. Sen- ators Irom Nevada and Ohlo should Uellberatcly talk to death a measuro of such merlt as the forest reservc blll. A mistake was niade In leaving tho measurc untll so late in Uic season. When Senator Bran dugco ,of Connecticut, finally was nroused to foring up thls blll, of whlch he had chargo, hc mado a good flght for it, but he showed only a languld Interest in lt untll very recently. The blll that come up as unflnlsh ed huslness in the Senate next Dc com'ber provides for the expendlture of $1,000,000 the ilrst year and $2, 000,000 each year thereaftor untll and Including 1915 for the acquirement of forest lands, tho preservation of exlstlng forests and the reforestatlon of denuded portions of tho water shcda of the White and Appalachlan Mountalns in those States whlch malntain forestry bureaus and sys tems cf flne control. The blll fur ther provides that the Sccretarles of Agrlculture, War and tho Treasury shall constltute a committee to for mulate rules and regulations for the expendlture of the fund so appro priated. The need of the passage of a blll protecting the liead waters of the Connecticut Rlvcr is shown by a re port submltted by Senator Branda gee, of Connecticut, as a part of his remnrks, a part of whlch follows: "In tho year 18SI tho State of New Hampshire established a forest com mlsslon, who were instructed to inqtiire, among other matters relat ing to the forests, into 'the effect, if any, produced by the destruction of our forests upon onr ramfall, and conseauently upon our ponds and streams.' In their report, niade in 1SS5, the commlsslon presented a summary of tho large number of re plles to their inquiries. These re plies came from all parts of the State. From the summary the fol lowing eltatlons are made: " 'Beginning wlth the southern por tlon of the State, and with the town of Richmond, attention is called to a small stream there, which .in 1SC5 furnished sufflclent power for four sawmllls nearly all the year, but whlch began to dry up with the moro rapid rcmoval of the tlmber occasion ed by the introduction of stcam as an auxillary power. The water and the woods have disappeared together, and the sanie is the case in other portions df the town. " 'In Fitzwilliam and Rindge the same results have Uen reached all the more rapidly becatise of the near er proximity of these towns to a market. Well-known trout streams. once abundantly stocked with flsh, are now dry half of the year, and the treeless ground and naked rocks ;aiong their banks and about their sources are considered a sufflclent explanation. " 'The chairman of the board of sel ectmen in Ilenniker. who has given much attention to the subject, is con fldent that the water in the Contocook River has decreasod fully one-third within even twenty years, and that the tributaries have fallen off still more, many being nearly dry in the sumnier. During this perlod $75,000 worth of tlmber has been cut within this one town. In the surrounding towns also the tlmber hs disappeared with equal rapldlty, and the water supply has seriously decreascd. " 'The report from Bow, whlch cov ers a perlod of fifty years, within which most of the tlmber has been cut off, and that from Hopkinton which covers a perlod of slxty years, both tell the same story of naked hill sides and dlminished streams. " 'At Hanover the Connecticut Riv cr for many years has been decreas ing in volume, and with increasing rapidly the tiinber from its head waters has been floating by. " 'In Canaan sixty-flve years ago there were nine or more mills of dif ferent kinds; abundant water power all the year around; no thought of reservolrs or double dams or precau tions against drought. Canaan street, now covered with a flrm dry sod, was laid out through a swamp, impassable but for the hummocks and fallen trecs, whlle dense forests of giant trees covered tho hills. The writer who furnishes the above facts, a na tive of the place, rcturning after an absence of thirty years, found the hllls and rocks bare, the sprlngs choked up, and the mills obliged to resort to steam power or lie ldle. " 'The great mountain region of the State lles in contiguous parts of the counties of Grafton, Carroll, and Coos. The numberless streams or iglnating ln this region, protected by the primltive forests, mlght be thought to be beyond any disturblng cause, but such is not the case. Tho town of Uttleton depends upon the Annnonoosuc for Its water power, but three of its oldest cltizens testlfy that thls power has dlminished one-third within fifty or sixty years. The mountain forests during this same pe rlod have been encroached upon as never before, and it is not surprisIiiR that so commonly these two facts are assoclated as causo and consequencc. "'Coos counly contalns moie of the flrst growth of tlmber thm any ott.cr portion of the State. In the niidst of thls region are the sources of tho Connecticut, Androscogsin, Saco, nnd their many tributaries, and a di'nln Ished water supply -it this point is felt throughout the course of these important streams. Tho report from Jefferson is that the olJer inliuhltants agree that tho streams are enmller than fornierly. "An intelligent observer at Berlin, on the Androscoggin River", makes the followlng importan statcments, cov ering a perlod of twenty-six years: Within a radtus of four miles froin his residence are elght streams or brooks and two ponds, and the water ln each during tho abovo period has materlal ly diminlshed. As nn illustration of tho connection betwcen tho removal of tho woods nnd thls dlminished sup ply, he ndds that 'six years ago he Bupplled his Btock wlth water from what was then an unfaillng brook, by menas of an acqueduct. whlch fur nished 300 gallons per hour. Now that tho trees along tho stream havo been destroycd by tho woodman'e ax and by forest flres, hln water supply is cut short in sumnrrr by drought and in winter by frost. IIundredB of acres of tlmber have been cleared within these six years in the same vlcinlty.' " 'At Lancaster, the county seat, on tbo Connecticut River, an old tcbI- dent repoM?) 'an alarmlng decrcase ln the Vatera of tho streams and sprlnga durlng the past slxty years and bb pefllrUly durlng tho last twenty-flvo yenxs, withln which perlod the emall cr tlmber hlso has been reinoved.1 ls raels Rlvcr ln his boyhood wae a large mlll stream of elght or ten rods wide, wlth sufflclent water to carry a very large amount of machlnery the year round. Now it is an insignlflcant stream, with, from May to November, not moro than half the water lt had fifty years ago. Other streams have suffercd in the same way, and tho EiirliiKB have, lf possible, suffered more than the streams. Many once thought to be never faillng are now for lonc nerlods dry. That the cut- ting off tho forests nccounts very largely for thls change ho coiisldors as sure as that effect follows cause, and the result is hastencd by 'the' reckless mcthods ln use. Ins'tcad of cutting tlmber that is matured, ev erything Is cut to tho slzo of fivc or slx inches ln diameter, and what rc maltiB is cut into ilrewood or burncd at once, leaving a dreary wustc.' If these facts were correct in lSSo, moro striking illustrations mlght "be outaiped ln the year 1910, and the conditlon of affairs plctured ln Now Hampshire may be dupllcated ln Vermont and many other States. lt Is earnestly to be hoped that thls meritorious blll may bocome a law before the short term of Congress explres. THE PROllLK.n OF T1IK AVEltAfJi: :jax. Tho Randolph Hcrald says: "At a fair estiihate, we Bhould say that about ono voter in ten carcs enough about politics or the rival candida cies for offices to'attend caucuses on his own volltlon. The voter has fonmed opinions or prcjudiccs from which he cannot be moved, and he is on hand to vote. Besldcs him are the vastly more numerous who don't care a hurrah about it, one way or the other. By going among them personally, talking and work ing with them, it is possible to get them to turn out to the cauctiBes ln numbcrs sufflclent to affect the' re sult. They gencrally need only a 'stirring up' and invitation to come. But they need this, expect it, and won't come unless they get it. Few voters prctend to keep a closo run of politics. With the great niass, liersonality is everythlng, measures and issues little or nothlng. Thls cxplains why there is always more Inte'st in a local town representa tive ilght than ln anythlng else. As the circle widens, interest wanes. The average auan, hoeing corn out in the field on ono of the few fair days lof the season, is apt to think that it is of more consequence to him to put as many rows as possible behind him by nlghtfall than it ls whlch of two men, personally unknown to him nnd who care nothlng about him except his vote, is Goyernor or Congress man. And though lt runs counter to our ideals of government, )erhaps he is right." There is altogther too much truth for comfoit or satisfaction in the forcgoing expression of opinion. Nevertheless it is the average man hoeing corn ,or cutting granite, or worklng at a nench, or forge, who Is the ruler of the United States, and of Vermont. A republlcan form of government is based upon the rule of the average man not the very rich or the very poor, not the very wise or the very ignorant, not tho very good or the very bad, but Just the average type of citizen. It ls when the average man is too busy with the hoeing of his corn, or with the cutting of granite, or with his toll at the bench or the forge or the desk that the political heeler gets in his work. He is very careful not to disturb Mr. Average Man, who really is a good citizen, when arous cd; but he passes the word quietly among "a few of the boys" upon whom ho can depend to vote "right," the cauctis is carried, and the volco of the town very likely is glven for men and measures not approved by tho majority of the community. lt is this indifference, this apatby, that constitutes one of the most serious of the evils that menace o)ir form of government. The average man recelves all tho protection and all the prlvlleges granted by the Nation or the State to its citizens, and these rights and privileges entall upon him corresponding dutles. Before our State government was organized, Col. Seth Wnrner, being asslgned to the task of securrng reinforcements to reslst Burgoyne's invaslon, wrote: "I should no glad if a few hills of corn unhoed should not be a motlve sufficient to detaln men at home." The same wish mny he expressed properly in regard to the perform ance of political dutles. Tho aver age man ought to care who la nom Inated for Govomor to executo tho laws of his State, or who is nomln ated as member of Congress, to represent him ln tho law maklng body of the Nation. The indifference of the avorago man is the opportu nity of tho least desirablc element ln our political lifo. The avorago man ls .not slow to crlticlse his Goernor or his Con gressman, as he may think occaslon requlrcs, but if ho bns neglccted tho dtity of exerclslng his choico to help chooso or defeat that offlclal for tho sako of hoeing corn, ho should con flno his crltlclsms to matters moro striclly ngricultural in their naturo. One of tho great problems of the government ls how to make tho du tles of cltizenshlp outwelgh tho corn flold of the average man. THE I'ROIIIBITIONIST PAUTr. A handful of voters met in Burling ton on Thursday, placed in nomina tlon a Prohlbltlonist ticket for State offices, and adopted a platform, This pnper would hot speak tllsparaglngly of any political orgatJiitatlon becatise lt is small. Mdt bf tlio great move ments of ltlstor'y came from small tieglnnlngs. iie Prohlbltlonist pnrty, however, fias been nominatlng tlckets and maklng platforms for many years and tho tendency appears toward weakness 'father than strength. ls there ony real need for a Prohlbl tlonist party? The Journal belleveB that to this fair questlon a reply ln the negatlvo must tio glven. The peoplcof -Vermont and the peoplo of thL',UriUed States stcadfastly have re fused iu ' any conslderablo numbers, to mako a political Prohlbltlonist party the' custodlan of the causo of temperntice.'"tn the ranlts of the great political pnrties wlll be found inllllons of voters who stand for real temperance but they do not consider that a scparato party Is re- qulrcd for the purpose. Every year, at a time when there are no Stato or natlonal lnterests to distract attention from municipal problems, the voters in every town and, city of Vermont are glven the oppor tunity to express their tempernnei' Ideas in a vote on tho questlon of 1I-, censlng tho salo of lntoxlcnting liquors. The great majority of our munlclpalltles, year after year, re fuse to sarictlon the sale of llquor and tho .lournal belleves that thero ls more real prohlbltlon in the State than there ihad been for many years under tho prohibitory law. It is urg ed that ono "wet" town will corrupt many "dry" towns in its vicinlty, and illustrations are cited to show tliut murders may be traced to llquor soM in Hcense towns to persons from no llcense conimunltlcs. Those who make this argument forget that mur ders could be traced to drunkenness ln the days when prohlbitfon was a State pollcy. The serious error into which many very good people fall is in consldering that the greatcst pos sible victory for temperance Is won, and that righteousness is established, when a prohibitory law is placed on the statute ibook. A vote to shut out the saloon every year, keeps the is- sue a llve one, rnd reiiresents public sentiment. A State law prohiblting tho sale of llquor is much less like ly to conimand rnpect and the pul) lic become indifferent. Tho Prohi'bltion platform demands the resubmlsslon of prohlbition to the people by constitutional amcnd- ment. The Reiniblican platform ex presses the bellef that tho local op tion principle should not be abandon ed without a referenduin similar to that by which it was adopted. If the Journal believed that majority of the voters of Vermont desired an- other rcferciiduni on the llquor ques tlon it would favor it, but it does nor so belleve. If such a demand exists, then it should manlfest itself ln the election of menibers of the Leglsla ture. Temperance priuclples cannot he conflned to a single party any more than any other virtue can be politi cally organized. The third party has accompllshed the defeat of good men in some instances by drawing away votes from the better of two candi- dates. Soveral years ago a Sheriff in a Vermont county, in the days when the prohibitory law was in force, had been particularly vlgllant in enforc ing the act, and by his falthfulness had incurred the enmity of the llquor element. They attenipted to throw a sufflclent number of votes to tho Democratic candldate to defeat the Republlcan offlclal. No third party man could have done ibetter work for prohlbition that the man in office. and yet a Prohlbition candldate was noin- inated. By a very narrow margini the Rcpiiblican candldate won, but his success was imperilled by the very men who clalmed to be the hest tempei'ance men in the county Thls is a fair illustration of the most that a third party Prohibltionlst ticket can acomplish. Thero is no real demand for the existence of such a party. COUKTJNG D1SASTER. "Tiom the gods would deslroy, they llrst make mad" so runs an an clent proverh. The action of both liranehes of tho New York Legisla turo ii. defeating tho Cobb dlrect pri iii&iy l.'ill is a fresh illustration of this old saying. Thls action of the New York law makers is a dlrect slap at tho leadership of Th.if.doro Roosovelt, tho most power ful nnd the most popular Republlcan In ths Slate, who had just openly ad vised the passage of the measure. For sheer, stubborn folly and stupldl ty, for swift political sulcide, no surer course could bo choscn, Tho Iogical conclusion of this pollcy would he tho nomination of Speaker James W. Wndsworth for Governor, as a result of which the Republlcan t'cket probably would be burled un der a majority of soveral hundred thousand votes. Nothlng could be 'better calculated to convinco the rank and flle of tho voters that the dlrect prlmary system was emlnently lesirable than tho dcs porote reslstanco of tho Tiosslets and machlr.o polltlcians to tho measuro. Within tho past few months thls ma chino aggregntlon has openly defled three of tho wlsest and most Justly famous of tho Republlcan leadors in tho United States, Gov. Charles E. Hughes, Senutor Ellhu Root, and Ex-Presldent Theodoro Roosevelt. They can hardly expect that tho peo ple of New York Stato wlll npprove opposition to such leadors, but evl dently they prefer defeat to tho re Hnquishment of their hold on the Re publlcan mochlne. Such a doflance ls a dramatlo mbject lesson of the need of cleanlBg out thls unscrupu Ioub eang at Albany. Tie signB of tb tlmeg point to Re-, PRESS COMMENT AHint 4lic Xcwspnpcrs of Vermont nnd OUicr States Arc SayJng ' About Toplcs of lulcrcst to Journal Rcnilers. THE STATE CONVENTION. (Burlington Frco Press.) The Vermont Republlcan Conven tion at Montpelier nomlnated Dr, John A. Mcad of Rutland for Gover nor and L,. P. Slack of St. Johnsbury for Licutenant-Governor after one of the most lnteresting and excltlng con tests in tho hlstory of Vermont poli tics, two ballots being neceBsary to declde the issue as to both the Gover norshlp and the sccond place on the ticket, It was as pretty a contest as one could wish to see, and whilo the lssues were sharply drawn, it was a good feellng contest on the whol at least so far as the relatlons of ine cnndldatcs themselves are concernea The nlght before the conventlon is usually the most momentoiiB part of a struggle over nominatlons for State offices, and thls was no ex coptlon to the rule. Tho dovelopments of the cvening brought out what has so often been notcd in Vermont pol itics, the sharp difference between the voters of the west and the east sldes of the mountain. When the trains from the west slde took their contlngents to Montpelier in the even- ing, the Mead badges wero largely in evidence aand the followers of the Rutland candldate were, boasting that it was all their wny, which was ap parent to the uninltiatcd. During the evening unpledged nnd weak-kneed delegates were "canvassed" by rep resentatlves of the different candl dates, and the scene was an anlmat ing one. Back and forth between the different headquarters of candidates surged the delegates, wlth the work ers freely interspersed, and, when midnight arrived, representatives of Dr. Mead clalmed that he would have anywhere from 00 to 100 delegates more than the number necessary to nominate. Those who had watched the can vass, however, knew this was far wide of the mark, and there was every in dlcation of failure to nominate on the first ballot. When the trains from the east slde arrived yesterday morning the white badges of the Fleetwood co horts began to make a marked show ing beside the blue badges of the Mead canip and the scarlet rlbbon worn by tho Batchelder delegates. By the time the conventlon was to assenible at 9:30 the Mead contingent realized fully that it had a tremendous strug gle on its hands, and this was fully demonstrated Iater on. Moreover it was shown that the heavy Mead coun ties were on the west slde, Orleans county and little Essex being the only ones in the second cougressional dis trict to give the Rutland candldate a majority of the delegates. In view of the fact that the ac curacy of the canvass conducted by the Free Press had been questloned we have taken particular plcasure in comparing the number of delegates credited to Dr. Mead in the final table of the canvass printed on Saturday, June 18, and the number of delegates who actually voted for him on the flrst ballot in the conventlon, twelve days later, as shown by the tables of the first ballot printed elsewhere. ln Addison county our canvass gave Dr. Mead 39 and on the first ballot he recelved actually 38. ln Bennington county we gaVe him 9 and he recelv ed 9. In Caledonia county we gave him 17 with G to hear from, and he recelved also all the misslng ones, his vote in that county being 23. In Chittenden county we credited him with 48 and he recelved 4C. In Essex county we gave him 5 with 9 to hear from and ho recelved 11. ln Franklin county we credited him with 40 and he recelved 39. ln Grand Isle county we gave him 4 and he recelved 3. ln Or ange county we gave him 12 and he recelved 15, capturiug two credited to Batchelder. In Orleans county we gave him 34 and he received 34. ln Rutland county, his home county, we gave him 57 out of 91 and he received C0. ln Washington county we gave him 20 with five to hear from and he had 25. In Windham county where our canvass was least complete we gave him 9, wlth some scattering, and ho had 16. ln Windsor county wo gave him 17 and ho had 20, the total puttlng hlni largely in tho lead. For a canvass of returns made a dozen days before the conventlon, we sub mit that thls table bore internal evi dence of falrness to both sldes. More' over it is slgnlllcant that our table gave Batchelder's total vote as 82 and he received 80. We also stated that our returns showed Mr. Slack to bo in the lead although wo made no attemjit to so cure actual llgures in connection "with the Btrength of tho candidates for second place, aand the first ballot publican defeat in New York this full. If tho party is to retaln tho Stnto of ficors nnd Leglslature, and elect n United States Senator to succeed Chauncey M. Depow, it miust depend upon the record of the Hughes nd nilnistratlon and upon the ald of leaders llke Roosovelt and Root. It may foe that the only way to sequro party regeneration ls to untlergo a decisive defeat It is not too hlgh a prlco to pay for a much-needed task, if thls Is the only mothod by whlch lt could be nccompllshed, but thls extremo measuro ought not to be necessary. Undor tho leadership of Roosevelt, wlth a decent ticket and with a Icglslative record showlng some regard for public opinion, the Repub licans ought to wln. Undor the pres ent leaderBhlp of the machlne ele ment only defeat is deeerved. showed thls to bc correct. We consid er that the conventlon showed the tlme and expense of eecurlng our canvass was well spent. Speaklng of flgures we wlll say in thls connection that Caledonia coun ty exhlblted good politics all right as rcgards Its efforts to secure the Lleu-tenant-Governorshlp. On both the flrst nnd second ballots on the Governor ship Cnledonla's total vote of 40 was equally divided, Mead nnd Fleetwood each recelvlng 23. The platform tdopted by the State conventlon recelved unustial atten tion and dlscussion, and lt wlll bc n diifioult malter for any man on the State tlci'ct or any member of the noxt Leglslnture who accepts office as a Republlcan to say that thls de laration of prlnciples has no bindlng power so far as they are concerned. The plank regartling the llquc situntion means that the matter of u re'prci.dum is really in the hands if the Legislature, and that if the doo ple iunt a referendum they can have lt by sending to that hody men fnvor Ing a public mandate on the subject, as intimated by Dr. Mead in his speech of acceptance. Only passive interest was taken ln most of the other planks, but the npplaube whlch greeted the referenoe of Chairman DeBoer to the matter of hedsing about our caucuses and cou wnt'ons with stronger safeguurdtj. and the iranner in which the planfc! uomana.rg tne same restrictions .as apply to tlections was received show- i forest work done on the Blltmore es ed nlainly that the naramount Iss'ei t!lte J" orth Carollne ls remarkable. ln t:;e campalgn is caucus reform. This bubjcct will be dlscussed more than any other during the State campaign nov begun, and the Republlcan candi dates who stand on the platform w;il perforce speak for this reform. The campalgn so successfully start ed has begun a new era in Vermont politics, and not untll measures effl ciently framed and constitutlonally stated are wrltten on the Vermont statutes wlll thls paramount Issue of higher standards find its full frultion. THE LEE STATUE. (Randolph Herald.) From the G. A. R. and others in the North comes a protest against the plan proposed uy the State of Vir ginla of placing in Statuary hall in the Capitol building at Washington a statue of Gen. Robert E. Lee, clad in full confederate uniform. Nor is this strange. Virginia must have antici pated that such action would have provoked resentment ln the North. The right or wrona of it, ethically, may be discussed ad infinitum. How far the North should go in the way of forgiving the leaders of the South-i ern rebellion; how long a time should elapse before Davi3 and Lee and Jackson are to receive the same de gree of honor as the heroes o the undlvided republic; how soon all, ev erythlng,. of the . "late unpleasant ness" will be forgotten and the chasm closed as firmly as the Wars of the Roses are closed in England today, we cannot tell. It will require more than one generation. The men who fought the battles of the Union against plotters and seceders and traitors (whatever, in our softened feelings we call them now), who shed blood, endured harashlp and braved death in a great cause, are many of them llving. Neither these, nor their sons, their wives and daughters, can be expected to relish the glorification of those who led the movement that required their Eacrifice. lt is not that Lee was not a great and good man, and probably the ablest general on elther side, but it ls the outcrying of patriotism against a seeming descern tlon. The Capitol should not now be the place of honor for characters whom the reunited nation cannot yet honor in sincerity. THE CHAMPLAIN MEMORIAL. (Vergennes Enterprise.) It is naturally very pleasing to this pnper, that was the first, and for a long timo the only newspaper to ad vocate placing the memorial to tho great discoverer-in the best place, the most conspicuous location and the one nearest the scene of his greatest adventures on the lake, Crown Point, to have lt located there by the joint Commission of Vermont and New York. Some of the papers in the north part of the State nnd a few on the east side feel grieved that the Ver mont Commission jolned with the New York Commlsslon in selecting thls slto for a joint memorial. Con sidering the fact that Vermont's ap propriation was so small and the slte selected is so near, nnd so conspic uous from the Vermont shore, we think the commission is to be com- mended rather than reproved. More Vermonters will see the monument and lt ls nearer the shore than Junl per Island and some other sites that hda strong and persistent advocates, CONGRESSMAN PLUMLEY. (Rutland News.) . Tho renoniinatlon of Congressma'i Frank Plumley in th.o sccond distrlct was entirely expected. Mr. Plumley has mado a splendld rccord durlng his flrst term at Washington nnd is nlready recognlzed by his col leagues as a man or wide knowledge nnd broad ldeas. Lcft in his seat long enough he wlll become one of tho leaders of the lower house of Con gress, lt ls somewhat signlficant that the Republicans of his distrlct pnsscd resolutlons commending Mr. Pluiu ley's posltion on tho revlslon of tho rules of tho House of Representa tives. It wlll bo rcmembered that he voted for tho Norrls resolutlon iu creaBlng the slze of the committee on rules and renioving therefrom the Speaker of the House, but that Mr. Plumley dld not vote to oust Speaker Cannon from tho chair, lt ls be'liev- cd that the great majority of Vcr raont Republicans arc with the secondl distrlct congrcssman ln his posltion in thls matter. DEWEY AND CLARK. (Randolph Herald.) We would llke'to see Vermont givo Adralral DeWey the glad hand during his summer's stay. Our people, to speak plalnly, have felt rather hurt because Dewey has scemed to slight us in the past. Now that he ls .to be among us, let bygones be bygones, nnd let Vermont treat him as his honorable rccord deserves. As to Ad mlral Clark, who also summerB among us, there wlll be no lack of cordlallty in his greeting. FREDER1CK G. FLEETWOOD. Frederlck G. Fleetwood has galncil immesurably as a result of his cam palgn for the governorship, though he falled to secure the nomination. The intense enthuslasm which was mani- icsteu uunng tno conventlon pro ceedlngs yesterday showed ton clusively whom his candidacy appr-al-ed to the sturdy manhood and esptc ially the young mcn of the Green Mountain State, and he was never sc strong in public estlmation as at the present tlme. The people wlll suvly remember him at an early opportun ity. FORESTRY AT BILTMORE. (Hay, Flour and Feed Journal ) In point of variety and scope the The forests, which cover 130,000' acres, and made profltable by the pro duction of various forms of material. Four mlllion feet of lumber, fivo thousand cords of tannlc acld wood and fuet one thousand cords of tan bark and several hundred cords of pulp wood are cut every year. At the same time the forest through wise management is bettered and is stead lly Increasing in value. Workmen employed along tho boundaries of the forest do duty as firc guards. Thus fire protection is secured at least through out all the accessible parts of the tract. ln connection with all lumber ing operations permanent logging roas are built. These minimize tho present cost of transportation, and will greatly reduce the cost of mar keting future crops. Thus the en tension of the roaas is steadily ad ding to the investment value of the forest. Moreover, they serve also as a network of fire lines. Forest plant ing is practlsed where ilri will not threaten its success. A Psalm of the Ilelpers. (Henry Van Dyke.) The ways of the world are full of haste and turmoil. I will sing of the .tribe of helpera who travel in peace. He that turneth from the road to rescue another Turneth toward his goal; He shall arrlve in due time by the footpath of mercy. God will be his gulde. He that taketh up the burden of tho fainting Llghteneth his own load; The Almighitly will put His arms uu derneath him": He shall lean upon the Lord. He that speaketh comfortable wordB to mourners Healeth his own heart; In his time of grief they will return to remembrance, God will use" them for balm. He that careth for tne sick and woun ded Watcheth not alone; There are three in the darkne?s to gether, And the third is the Lord. Blessed is the way of the helpers; Th'e Companlons of the Christ. Rock-a-by, baby, on the tree top. If you cut down the forests, the baby will flop; And when the trees tumble, the ta bles wlll fall, So put up your axe and don't chop 'em at all! They AU Demand It. Montpelier, Llkc Eicry CKy and Town in the Union, Reodves It. People wlth kidney ills want to be cured. When one suffers the tortureB of an achlng back, rellef is eagerly sought for. There are many remedies today that relieve but do not cure. Here is evidence to provo that Doan's Kidney Pills cure, nnd the cure Ib lasting. Mrs. Georgo C. Buzzell, S First avenue, Montpelier, Vt., says: "I have had no cause to chnngo my hlgh op inion of Doan's Kidney Pills slnce I publlcly recommended them somo years ago. I was bothered at that tlme by palns through my back, my head nch'ed intensely nnd to stoop or llft cause my trouble to become se vere. I used different remedies, but obtalned no beneflt and was about dlscouraged when I heard of Doan's Kidney Pills and procured a box from W. E. Poole's Drug Store. It was not long after using them tlint I noticed a great ihiprovement and by the time I had taken tho contents of three boxes of Doan's Kidney Pills the paln ln my back had ceased nnd I felt bet ter in every way." For salo by all dealcrs. Prlce C0 cents. Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo, New York, eoIb ngents for the United States. Remember the, name Doan'B na tnke no otber. . .