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The Vermont watchman. [volume] (Montpelier, Vt.) 1883-1911, July 07, 1910, Image 4

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7 '910.
The Social Scrvlce CommlBBlon of
tbo Fedcral Councll o the Churchcs
ol Chrlst ln Amcrica rccently prc
ccnted a report cm.the social and
oconomlo conditions oX tbe mcn em
ploycd ln the great Bethlehem Steel
WorkB in Pennsylvnnla, whlch 'will
b , surpilse to nrnny rcaders. Thls
commlsslon lncludes eucli men as
Jtev. Dr. Joslah Strong, Jacob Rils,
3tov. Ernest H. Abbott, Rev. Dr. C. S,
Macfarland and Presldent Herbert
These members ol the commission,
'tbrough their committee, Btate that
Just before the strlke 4,725 nien, or 51
,por cent of all tho employes, worked
twilve hours a 1ay;.220 workmon had
a twelvc-hour day, cxceptlng on Sot
urdnys, when they worked ten or
oleven hours; 4.203 employes had a
work day of from ten nnd a half to
cleven hours, wlth half a day off on
Saturdays, and 47 worked on other
schcdules not spcclned.
In addltlon to these hours, the com
mittco reported, men ln niany of the
departmcnts worked a seven-day
week. Twenty-elght per cent of all
employes are sald to work seven days
n week, and ln addltlon were those
"who work on Sunday regularly as
overtime. The total number worklng
aeven days a week both regular and
overtime last January ls sald to have
amounted to 4,041, cr 43 per cent. The
committee reported that whlle the
management at Bethlehem sald that
the extra work is optional wlth the
mcn, ln some cases the foremen and
gang bosses have compelled the nien
under them to work extra time, under
paln of dlscharge. It ls said to have
been such a case whlch brought on
the recent strlke.
Referring to the wages at Bethle
hem, the committee reported that Cl
per cent of the 9.1S4 employes earned
less than 1S cents an hour, or $2.10
for a twelve-hour day, and 31 9-10
per cent earned less than 14 cehts an
hour. These rates of wages, aecord
ing to the committee, make It imper
ative for niany men to llve ln the
same room.
It ls asserted that durlng the last
ycar 927 lnjurles occurred ln the
Bethlehem plalnt, of whlch' 754 in
volved the loss of more than one
weeks's tlme. Slx of these employes
lost an arm or a leg and 21 lost their
In its concluslons the committee
cbaracterizes the twelve hour day and
the seven day week as "disgraces to
clvilizatlon," and recommends, ac-
cording to the New York Sun, that
laws be passed reciuiring three shifts
in all industrles whlch operate
tvventy-four hours a day and requir
ing one day's rest in seven.
It recommends that the Federal
Government be urged to include in its
specifications for armor plate, war
vessels, construction work and the
like that the work be done on a six
day basis and in cases where contin
uous work is necessary that the
twenty-four day be divided into three
The report recommends that a day
be set apart at church conferences for
the dlscussion of industrial condi
tions, tfcut the churches be urged to
initiate a movement for, six day leg
islation; that properly constituted
bodies be authorized to determine
Just when industrial operations are
necessarily coninuous, and to make
adequate studies of the cost of llving
and of wages, and that employers of
labor recognize labor organizations!
when they speak in behalf of their
That men in a highly rganlzed and
profltable industry Jike the manu
facture of steel work twelve hours a
day and often seven days in the week,
Iruly is a disgrace to our clvilizatlon.
Those persons who are antagonlstic
to organized labor should remember
Uiat it is largely due to the unions
that such conditions Have been abol
ibhed in niany industries. The indi
vidual laborer is helpless against such
Injustice. Organized in a union and
aitlliated with other strong labor or
ganizations, he becomes a force that
must be dealt with falrly.
It needs no nrgument to point out
tho econimlc wrong tnat prevails ln
an industry whlch pays large divld
cnds, when the workmen must work
unreasonably long hours for a low
wage. The Government cannot be ex
pected to flx the return on an invest
inent whlch shall constltute a fair
profit, but some governmental authorr
lty, more properly that of the State of
Pennsylvnnia, should interfore to pre
vent excessivo hours of labor and cra
ployment Eeven days a week. It may
be merely a coincidence that such
labor conditions prevall ln a State
ruled by a corrupt political ring,
whero graft is revealed in State and
nunicipal affairs to a scandalous ex
icnt, but more likely it is all a part
of a low state of political and busi
nesB raorality. Thoro is no State in tho
Union more ln need of a genuine ro
vival of political and economic right
eousnesB than Pennoylvanla.
Owing to a fllibuster by Senator
Burton, of Ohlo, and Senator Now
Innds, of Nevada, the passage of tho
Appalachlan forest blll in the Senate
was prevented on the eve of the ad
Jourament of Congress. The House,
however, after a epirited oontest
passed a Blmilar tiill a'nd that mca
Hure wili come up tor conBlderatlon
durlng tbe regular eesBlon wlilch
opcns ln Dccerrfbcr, the dato for a
voto bclng Bct for Feb. 15.
It ls strango that after mllll'onB
have been votetl for lrrigntloa pro
Jects ln Nevnda and other "Westcrn
States, and large sunis have been
appropriated for lraprovlng tho nav-
lgatlon o'f tho Ohlo Rtvor. Sen-
ators Irom Nevada and Ohlo
should Uellberatcly talk to death a
measuro of such merlt as the forest
reservc blll. A mistake was niade
In leaving tho measurc untll so late
in Uic season. When Senator Bran
dugco ,of Connecticut, finally was
nroused to foring up thls blll, of whlch
he had chargo, hc mado a good flght
for it, but he showed only a languld
Interest in lt untll very recently.
The blll that come up as unflnlsh
ed huslness in the Senate next Dc
com'ber provides for the expendlture
of $1,000,000 the ilrst year and $2,
000,000 each year thereaftor untll and
Including 1915 for the acquirement
of forest lands, tho preservation of
exlstlng forests and the reforestatlon
of denuded portions of tho water
shcda of the White and Appalachlan
Mountalns in those States whlch
malntain forestry bureaus and sys
tems cf flne control. The blll fur
ther provides that the Sccretarles of
Agrlculture, War and tho Treasury
shall constltute a committee to for
mulate rules and regulations for the
expendlture of the fund so appro
priated. The need of the passage of a blll
protecting the liead waters of the
Connecticut Rlvcr is shown by a re
port submltted by Senator Branda
gee, of Connecticut, as a part of his
remnrks, a part of whlch follows:
"In tho year 18SI tho State of New
Hampshire established a forest com
mlsslon, who were instructed to
inqtiire, among other matters relat
ing to the forests, into 'the effect, if
any, produced by the destruction of
our forests upon onr ramfall, and
conseauently upon our ponds and
streams.' In their report, niade in
1SS5, the commlsslon presented a
summary of tho large number of re
plles to their inquiries. These re
plies came from all parts of the
State. From the summary the fol
lowing eltatlons are made:
" 'Beginning wlth the southern por
tlon of the State, and with the town
of Richmond, attention is called to a
small stream there, which .in 1SC5
furnished sufflclent power for four
sawmllls nearly all the year, but
whlch began to dry up with the moro
rapid rcmoval of the tlmber occasion
ed by the introduction of stcam as an
auxillary power. The water and the
woods have disappeared together, and
the sanie is the case in other portions
df the town.
" 'In Fitzwilliam and Rindge the
same results have Uen reached all
the more rapidly becatise of the near
er proximity of these towns to a
market. Well-known trout streams.
once abundantly stocked with flsh, are
now dry half of the year, and the
treeless ground and naked rocks
;aiong their banks and about
sources are considered a sufflclent
" 'The chairman of the board of sel
ectmen in Ilenniker. who has given
much attention to the subject, is con
fldent that the water in the Contocook
River has decreasod fully one-third
within even twenty years, and that
the tributaries have fallen off still
more, many being nearly dry in the
sumnier. During this perlod $75,000
worth of tlmber has been cut within
this one town. In the surrounding
towns also the tlmber hs disappeared
with equal rapldlty, and the water
supply has seriously decreascd.
" 'The report from Bow, whlch cov
ers a perlod of fifty years, within
which most of the tlmber has been
cut off, and that from Hopkinton
which covers a perlod of slxty years,
both tell the same story of naked hill
sides and dlminished streams.
" 'At Hanover the Connecticut Riv
cr for many years has been decreas
ing in volume, and with increasing
rapidly the tiinber from its head
waters has been floating by.
" 'In Canaan sixty-flve years ago
there were nine or more mills of dif
ferent kinds; abundant water power
all the year around; no thought of
reservolrs or double dams or precau
tions against drought. Canaan street,
now covered with a flrm dry sod, was
laid out through a swamp, impassable
but for the hummocks and fallen
trecs, whlle dense forests of giant
trees covered tho hills. The writer
who furnishes the above facts, a na
tive of the place, rcturning after an
absence of thirty years, found the
hllls and rocks bare, the sprlngs
choked up, and the mills obliged to
resort to steam power or lie ldle.
" 'The great mountain region of the
State lles in contiguous parts of the
counties of Grafton, Carroll, and
Coos. The numberless streams or
iglnating ln this region, protected by
the primltive forests, mlght be
thought to be beyond any disturblng
cause, but such is not the case. Tho
town of Uttleton depends upon the
Annnonoosuc for Its water power, but
three of its oldest cltizens testlfy that
thls power has dlminished one-third
within fifty or sixty years. The
mountain forests during this same pe
rlod have been encroached upon as
never before, and it is not surprisIiiR
that so commonly these two facts are
assoclated as causo and consequencc.
"'Coos counly contalns moie of the
flrst growth of tlmber thm any ott.cr
portion of the State. In the niidst of
thls region are the sources of tho
Connecticut, Androscogsin, Saco, nnd
their many tributaries, and a di'nln
Ished water supply -it this point is
felt throughout the course of these
important streams. Tho report from
Jefferson is that the olJer inliuhltants
agree that tho streams are enmller
than fornierly.
"An intelligent observer at Berlin,
on the Androscoggin River", makes the
followlng importan statcments, cov
ering a perlod of twenty-six years:
Within a radtus of four miles froin his
residence are elght streams or brooks
and two ponds, and the water ln each
during tho abovo period has materlal
ly diminlshed. As nn illustration of
tho connection betwcen tho removal
of tho woods nnd thls dlminished sup
ply, he ndds that 'six years ago he
Bupplled his Btock wlth water from
what was then an unfaillng brook, by
menas of an acqueduct. whlch fur
nished 300 gallons per hour. Now
that tho trees along tho stream havo
been destroycd by tho woodman'e ax
and by forest flres, hln water supply
is cut short in sumnrrr by drought
and in winter by frost. IIundredB of
acres of tlmber have been cleared
within these six years in the same
" 'At Lancaster, the county seat, on
tbo Connecticut River, an old tcbI-
dent repoM?) 'an alarmlng decrcase ln
the Vatera of tho streams and sprlnga
durlng the past slxty years and bb
pefllrUly durlng tho last twenty-flvo
yenxs, withln which perlod the emall
cr tlmber hlso has been reinoved.1 ls
raels Rlvcr ln his boyhood wae a large
mlll stream of elght or ten rods wide,
wlth sufflclent water to carry a very
large amount of machlnery the year
round. Now it is an insignlflcant
stream, with, from May to November,
not moro than half the water lt had
fifty years ago. Other streams have
suffercd in the same way, and tho
EiirliiKB have, lf possible, suffered
more than the streams. Many once
thought to be never faillng are now
for lonc nerlods dry. That the cut-
ting off tho forests nccounts very
largely for thls change ho coiisldors
as sure as that effect follows cause,
and the result is hastencd by 'the'
reckless mcthods ln use. Ins'tcad of
cutting tlmber that is matured, ev
erything Is cut to tho slzo of fivc or
slx inches ln diameter, and what rc
maltiB is cut into ilrewood or burncd
at once, leaving a dreary wustc.'
If these facts were correct in lSSo,
moro striking illustrations mlght "be
outaiped ln the year 1910, and the
conditlon of affairs plctured ln Now
Hampshire may be dupllcated ln
Vermont and many other States. lt
Is earnestly to be hoped that thls
meritorious blll may bocome a law
before the short term of Congress
Tho Randolph Hcrald says: "At
a fair estiihate, we Bhould say that
about ono voter in ten carcs enough
about politics or the rival candida
cies for offices to'attend caucuses on
his own volltlon. The voter has
fonmed opinions or prcjudiccs
from which he cannot be moved, and
he is on hand to vote. Besldcs him
are the vastly more numerous who
don't care a hurrah about it, one way
or the other. By going among
them personally, talking and work
ing with them, it is possible to get
them to turn out to the cauctiBes ln
numbcrs sufflclent to affect the' re
sult. They gencrally need only a
'stirring up' and invitation to come.
But they need this, expect it, and
won't come unless they get it. Few
voters prctend to keep a closo run
of politics. With the great niass,
liersonality is everythlng, measures
and issues little or nothlng. Thls
cxplains why there is always more
Inte'st in a local town representa
tive ilght than ln anythlng else. As
the circle widens, interest wanes.
The average auan, hoeing corn out in
the field on ono of the few fair days
lof the season, is apt to think that it
is of more consequence to him to put
as many rows as possible behind him
by nlghtfall than it ls whlch of two
men, personally unknown to him nnd
who care nothlng about him except
his vote, is Goyernor or Congress
man. And though lt runs counter
to our ideals of government, )erhaps
he is right."
There is altogther too much truth
for comfoit or satisfaction in the
forcgoing expression of opinion.
Nevertheless it is the average man
hoeing corn ,or cutting granite, or
worklng at a nench, or forge, who Is
the ruler of the United States, and
of Vermont. A republlcan form of
government is based upon the rule
of the average man not the very
rich or the very poor, not the very
wise or the very ignorant, not tho
very good or the very bad, but Just
the average type of citizen. It ls
when the average man is too busy
with the hoeing of his corn, or with
the cutting of granite, or with his
toll at the bench or the forge or the
desk that the political heeler gets
in his work. He is very careful not
to disturb Mr. Average Man, who
really is a good citizen, when arous
cd; but he passes the word quietly
among "a few of the boys" upon
whom ho can depend to vote "right,"
the cauctis is carried, and the volco
of the town very likely is glven for
men and measures not approved by
tho majority of the community. lt
is this indifference, this apatby, that
constitutes one of the most serious
of the evils that menace o)ir form
of government. The average man
recelves all tho protection and all
the prlvlleges granted by the Nation
or the State to its citizens, and these
rights and privileges entall upon him
corresponding dutles. Before our
State government was organized,
Col. Seth Wnrner, being asslgned to
the task of securrng reinforcements
to reslst Burgoyne's invaslon, wrote:
"I should no glad if a few hills of
corn unhoed should not be a motlve
sufficient to detaln men at home."
The same wish mny he expressed
properly in regard to the perform
ance of political dutles. Tho aver
age man ought to care who la nom
Inated for Govomor to executo tho
laws of his State, or who is nomln
ated as member of Congress, to
represent him ln tho law maklng
body of the Nation. The indifference
of the avorago man is the opportu
nity of tho least desirablc element
ln our political lifo.
The avorago man ls .not slow to
crlticlse his Goernor or his Con
gressman, as he may think occaslon
requlrcs, but if ho bns neglccted tho
dtity of exerclslng his choico to help
chooso or defeat that offlclal for tho
sako of hoeing corn, ho should con
flno his crltlclsms to matters moro
striclly ngricultural in their naturo.
One of tho great problems of the
government ls how to make tho du
tles of cltizenshlp outwelgh tho corn
flold of the average man.
A handful of voters met in Burling
ton on Thursday, placed in nomina
tlon a Prohlbltlonist ticket for State
offices, and adopted a platform, This
pnper would hot speak tllsparaglngly
of any political orgatJiitatlon becatise
lt is small. Mdt bf tlio great move
ments of ltlstor'y came from small
tieglnnlngs. iie Prohlbltlonist pnrty,
however, fias been nominatlng tlckets
and maklng platforms for many years
and tho tendency appears toward
weakness 'father than strength. ls
there ony real need for a Prohlbl
tlonist party? The Journal belleveB
that to this fair questlon a reply ln
the negatlvo must tio glven. The
peoplcof -Vermont and the peoplo of
thL',UriUed States stcadfastly have re
fused iu ' any conslderablo numbers,
to mako a political Prohlbltlonist
party the' custodlan of the causo of
temperntice.'"tn the ranlts of the
great political pnrties wlll be found
inllllons of voters who stand for
real temperance but they do not
consider that a scparato party Is re-
qulrcd for the purpose.
Every year, at a time when there
are no Stato or natlonal lnterests to
distract attention from municipal
problems, the voters in every town and,
city of Vermont are glven the oppor
tunity to express their tempernnei'
Ideas in a vote on tho questlon of 1I-,
censlng tho salo of lntoxlcnting
liquors. The great majority of our
munlclpalltles, year after year, re
fuse to sarictlon the sale of llquor
and tho .lournal belleves that thero
ls more real prohlbltlon in the State
than there ihad been for many years
under tho prohibitory law. It is urg
ed that ono "wet" town will corrupt
many "dry" towns in its vicinlty, and
illustrations are cited to show tliut
murders may be traced to llquor soM
in Hcense towns to persons from no
llcense conimunltlcs. Those who
make this argument forget that mur
ders could be traced to drunkenness
ln the days when prohlbitfon was a
State pollcy. The serious error into
which many very good people fall is
in consldering that the greatcst pos
sible victory for temperance Is won,
and that righteousness is established,
when a prohibitory law is placed on
the statute ibook. A vote to shut out
the saloon every year, keeps the is-
sue a llve one, rnd reiiresents public
sentiment. A State law prohiblting
tho sale of llquor is much less like
ly to conimand rnpect and the pul)
lic become indifferent.
Tho Prohi'bltion platform demands
the resubmlsslon of prohlbition to
the people by constitutional amcnd-
ment. The Reiniblican platform ex
presses the bellef that tho local op
tion principle should not be abandon
ed without a referenduin similar to
that by which it was adopted. If
the Journal believed that majority
of the voters of Vermont desired an-
other rcferciiduni on the llquor ques
tlon it would favor it, but it does nor
so belleve. If such a demand exists,
then it should manlfest itself ln the
election of menibers of the Leglsla
Temperance priuclples cannot he
conflned to a single party any more
than any other virtue can be politi
cally organized. The third party has
accompllshed the defeat of good men
in some instances by drawing away
votes from the better of two candi-
dates. Soveral years ago a Sheriff in
a Vermont county, in the days when
the prohibitory law was in force, had
been particularly vlgllant in enforc
ing the act, and by his falthfulness
had incurred the enmity of the llquor
element. They attenipted to throw
a sufflclent number of votes to tho
Democratic candldate to defeat the
Republlcan offlclal. No third party
man could have done ibetter work for
prohlbition that the man in office. and
yet a Prohlbition candldate was noin-
inated. By a very narrow margini
the Rcpiiblican candldate won, but
his success was imperilled by the
very men who clalmed to be the hest
tempei'ance men in the county Thls
is a fair illustration of the most that
a third party Prohibltionlst ticket can
acomplish. Thero is no real demand
for the existence of such a party.
"Tiom the gods would deslroy,
they llrst make mad" so runs an an
clent proverh. The action of both
liranehes of tho New York Legisla
turo ii. defeating tho Cobb dlrect pri
iii&iy l.'ill is a fresh illustration of
this old saying. Thls action of
the New York law makers is
a dlrect slap at tho leadership of
Th.if.doro Roosovelt, tho most power
ful nnd the most popular Republlcan
In ths Slate, who had just openly ad
vised the passage of the measure.
For sheer, stubborn folly and stupldl
ty, for swift political sulcide, no
surer course could bo choscn, Tho
Iogical conclusion of this pollcy
would he tho nomination of Speaker
James W. Wndsworth for Governor,
as a result of which the Republlcan
t'cket probably would be burled un
der a majority of soveral hundred
thousand votes.
Nothlng could be 'better calculated
to convinco the rank and flle of tho
voters that the dlrect prlmary system
was emlnently lesirable than tho dcs
porote reslstanco of tho Tiosslets and
machlr.o polltlcians to tho measuro.
Within tho past few months thls ma
chino aggregntlon has openly defled
three of tho wlsest and most Justly
famous of tho Republlcan leadors in
tho United States, Gov. Charles E.
Hughes, Senutor Ellhu Root, and
Ex-Presldent Theodoro Roosevelt.
They can hardly expect that tho peo
ple of New York Stato wlll npprove
opposition to such leadors, but evl
dently they prefer defeat to tho re
Hnquishment of their hold on the Re
publlcan mochlne. Such a doflance
ls a dramatlo mbject lesson of the
need of cleanlBg out thls unscrupu
Ioub eang at Albany.
Tie signB of tb tlmeg point to Re-,
AHint 4lic Xcwspnpcrs of Vermont
nnd OUicr States Arc SayJng
' About Toplcs of lulcrcst to
Journal Rcnilers.
(Burlington Frco Press.)
The Vermont Republlcan Conven
tion at Montpelier nomlnated Dr,
John A. Mcad of Rutland for Gover
nor and L,. P. Slack of St. Johnsbury
for Licutenant-Governor after one of
the most lnteresting and excltlng con
tests in tho hlstory of Vermont poli
tics, two ballots being neceBsary to
declde the issue as to both the Gover
norshlp and the sccond place on the
ticket, It was as pretty a contest as
one could wish to see, and whilo the
lssues were sharply drawn, it was a
good feellng contest on the whol
at least so far as the relatlons of ine
cnndldatcs themselves are concernea
The nlght before the conventlon is
usually the most momentoiiB part of
a struggle over nominatlons for
State offices, and thls was no ex
coptlon to the rule. Tho dovelopments
of the cvening brought out what has
so often been notcd in Vermont pol
itics, the sharp difference between
the voters of the west and the east
sldes of the mountain. When the
trains from the west slde took their
contlngents to Montpelier in the even-
ing, the Mead badges wero largely in
evidence aand the followers of the
Rutland candldate were, boasting that
it was all their wny, which was ap
parent to the uninltiatcd. During the
evening unpledged nnd weak-kneed
delegates were "canvassed" by rep
resentatlves of the different candl
dates, and the scene was an anlmat
ing one. Back and forth between the
different headquarters of candidates
surged the delegates, wlth the work
ers freely interspersed, and, when
midnight arrived, representatives of
Dr. Mead clalmed that he would have
anywhere from 00 to 100 delegates
more than the number necessary to
Those who had watched the can
vass, however, knew this was far wide
of the mark, and there was every in
dlcation of failure to nominate on the
first ballot. When the trains from the
east slde arrived yesterday morning
the white badges of the Fleetwood co
horts began to make a marked show
ing beside the blue badges of the Mead
canip and the scarlet rlbbon worn by
tho Batchelder delegates. By the
time the conventlon was to assenible
at 9:30 the Mead contingent realized
fully that it had a tremendous strug
gle on its hands, and this was fully
demonstrated Iater on. Moreover it
was shown that the heavy Mead coun
ties were on the west slde, Orleans
county and little Essex being the only
ones in the second cougressional dis
trict to give the Rutland candldate a
majority of the delegates.
In view of the fact that the ac
curacy of the canvass conducted by
the Free Press had been questloned
we have taken particular plcasure in
comparing the number of delegates
credited to Dr. Mead in the final table
of the canvass printed on Saturday,
June 18, and the number of delegates
who actually voted for him on the
flrst ballot in the conventlon, twelve
days later, as shown by the tables of
the first ballot printed elsewhere.
ln Addison county our canvass gave
Dr. Mead 39 and on the first ballot he
recelved actually 38. ln Bennington
county we gaVe him 9 and he recelv
ed 9. In Caledonia county we gave
him 17 with G to hear from, and he
recelved also all the misslng ones, his
vote in that county being 23. In
Chittenden county we credited him
with 48 and he recelved 4C. In Essex
county we gave him 5 with 9 to hear
from and ho recelved 11. ln Franklin
county we credited him with 40 and he
recelved 39. ln Grand Isle county we
gave him 4 and he recelved 3. ln Or
ange county we gave him 12 and he
recelved 15, capturiug two credited to
Batchelder. In Orleans county we
gave him 34 and he received 34. ln
Rutland county, his home county, we
gave him 57 out of 91 and he received
C0. ln Washington county we gave
him 20 with five to hear from and he
had 25. In Windham county where
our canvass was least complete we
gave him 9, wlth some scattering, and
ho had 16. ln Windsor county wo
gave him 17 and ho had 20, the total
puttlng hlni largely in tho lead. For a
canvass of returns made a dozen
days before the conventlon, we sub
mit that thls table bore internal evi
dence of falrness to both sldes. More'
over it is slgnlllcant that our table
gave Batchelder's total vote as 82 and
he received 80.
We also stated that our returns
showed Mr. Slack to bo in the lead
although wo made no attemjit to so
cure actual llgures in connection
"with the Btrength of tho candidates
for second place, aand the first ballot
publican defeat in New York this full.
If tho party is to retaln tho Stnto of
ficors nnd Leglslature, and elect n
United States Senator to succeed
Chauncey M. Depow, it miust depend
upon the record of the Hughes nd
nilnistratlon and upon the ald of
leaders llke Roosovelt and Root. It
may foe that the only way to sequro
party regeneration ls to untlergo a
decisive defeat It is not too hlgh
a prlco to pay for a much-needed
task, if thls Is the only mothod by
whlch lt could be nccompllshed, but
thls extremo measuro ought not to
be necessary. Undor tho leadership
of Roosevelt, wlth a decent ticket and
with a Icglslative record showlng some
regard for public opinion, the Repub
licans ought to wln. Undor the pres
ent leaderBhlp of the machlne ele
ment only defeat is deeerved.
showed thls to bc correct. We consid
er that the conventlon showed the
tlme and expense of eecurlng our
canvass was well spent.
Speaklng of flgures we wlll say in
thls connection that Caledonia coun
ty exhlblted good politics all right as
rcgards Its efforts to secure the Lleu-tenant-Governorshlp.
On both the flrst
nnd second ballots on the Governor
ship Cnledonla's total vote of 40 was
equally divided, Mead nnd Fleetwood
each recelvlng 23.
The platform tdopted by the State
conventlon recelved unustial atten
tion and dlscussion, and lt wlll bc n
diifioult malter for any man on the
State tlci'ct or any member of the
noxt Leglslnture who accepts office
as a Republlcan to say that thls de
laration of prlnciples has no bindlng
power so far as they are concerned.
The plank regartling the llquc
situntion means that the matter of u
re'prci.dum is really in the hands if
the Legislature, and that if the doo
ple iunt a referendum they can have
lt by sending to that hody men fnvor
Ing a public mandate on the subject,
as intimated by Dr. Mead in his
speech of acceptance.
Only passive interest was taken
ln most of the other planks, but the
npplaube whlch greeted the referenoe
of Chairman DeBoer to the matter of
hedsing about our caucuses and cou
wnt'ons with stronger safeguurdtj.
and the iranner in which the planfc!
uomana.rg tne same restrictions .as
apply to tlections was received show- i forest work done on the Blltmore es
ed nlainly that the naramount Iss'ei t!lte J" orth Carollne ls remarkable.
ln t:;e campalgn is caucus reform. This
bubjcct will be dlscussed more than
any other during the State campaign
nov begun, and the Republlcan candi
dates who stand on the platform w;il
perforce speak for this reform.
The campalgn so successfully start
ed has begun a new era in Vermont
politics, and not untll measures effl
ciently framed and constitutlonally
stated are wrltten on the Vermont
statutes wlll thls paramount Issue of
higher standards find its full frultion.
(Randolph Herald.)
From the G. A. R. and others in the
North comes a protest against the
plan proposed uy the State of Vir
ginla of placing in Statuary hall in
the Capitol building at Washington a
statue of Gen. Robert E. Lee, clad in
full confederate uniform. Nor is this
strange. Virginia must have antici
pated that such action would have
provoked resentment ln the North.
The right or wrona of it, ethically,
may be discussed ad infinitum. How
far the North should go in the way
of forgiving the leaders of the South-i
ern rebellion; how long a time should
elapse before Davi3 and Lee and
Jackson are to receive the same de
gree of honor as the heroes o the
undlvided republic; how soon all, ev
erythlng,. of the . "late unpleasant
ness" will be forgotten and the
chasm closed as firmly as the Wars
of the Roses are closed in England
today, we cannot tell. It will require
more than one generation. The men
who fought the battles of the Union
against plotters and seceders and
traitors (whatever, in our softened
feelings we call them now), who shed
blood, endured harashlp and braved
death in a great cause, are many of
them llving. Neither these, nor their
sons, their wives and daughters, can
be expected to relish the glorification
of those who led the movement that
required their Eacrifice. lt is not that
Lee was not a great and good man,
and probably the ablest general on
elther side, but it ls the outcrying of
patriotism against a seeming descern
tlon. The Capitol should not now be
the place of honor for characters
whom the reunited nation cannot yet
honor in sincerity.
(Vergennes Enterprise.)
It is naturally very pleasing to this
pnper, that was the first, and for a
long timo the only newspaper to ad
vocate placing the memorial to tho
great discoverer-in the best place, the
most conspicuous location and the
one nearest the scene of his greatest
adventures on the lake, Crown Point,
to have lt located there by the joint
Commission of Vermont and New
Some of the papers in the north
part of the State nnd a few on the
east side feel grieved that the Ver
mont Commission jolned with the
New York Commlsslon in selecting
thls slto for a joint memorial. Con
sidering the fact that Vermont's ap
propriation was so small and the slte
selected is so near, nnd so conspic
uous from the Vermont shore, we
think the commission is to be com-
mended rather than reproved. More
Vermonters will see the monument
and lt ls nearer the shore than Junl
per Island and some other sites that
hda strong and persistent advocates,
(Rutland News.)
. Tho renoniinatlon of Congressma'i
Frank Plumley in th.o sccond distrlct
was entirely expected. Mr. Plumley
has mado a splendld rccord durlng
his flrst term at Washington
nnd is nlready recognlzed by his col
leagues as a man or wide knowledge
nnd broad ldeas. Lcft in his seat long
enough he wlll become one of tho
leaders of the lower house of Con
gress, lt ls somewhat signlficant that
the Republicans of his distrlct pnsscd
resolutlons commending Mr. Pluiu
ley's posltion on tho revlslon of tho
rules of tho House of Representa
tives. It wlll bo rcmembered that he
voted for tho Norrls resolutlon iu
creaBlng the slze of the committee on
rules and renioving therefrom the
Speaker of the House, but that Mr.
Plumley dld not vote to oust Speaker
Cannon from tho chair, lt ls be'liev-
cd that the great majority of Vcr
raont Republicans arc with the secondl
distrlct congrcssman ln his posltion
in thls matter.
(Randolph Herald.)
We would llke'to see Vermont givo
Adralral DeWey the glad hand during
his summer's stay. Our people, to
speak plalnly, have felt rather hurt
because Dewey has scemed to slight
us in the past. Now that he ls .to be
among us, let bygones be bygones,
nnd let Vermont treat him as his
honorable rccord deserves. As to Ad
mlral Clark, who also summerB
among us, there wlll be no lack of
cordlallty in his greeting.
Frederlck G. Fleetwood has galncil
immesurably as a result of his cam
palgn for the governorship, though he
falled to secure the nomination. The
intense enthuslasm which was mani-
icsteu uunng tno conventlon pro
ceedlngs yesterday showed ton
clusively whom his candidacy appr-al-ed
to the sturdy manhood and esptc
ially the young mcn of the Green
Mountain State, and he was never sc
strong in public estlmation as at the
present tlme. The people wlll suvly
remember him at an early opportun
(Hay, Flour and Feed Journal )
In point of variety and scope the
The forests, which cover 130,000'
acres, and made profltable by the pro
duction of various forms of material.
Four mlllion feet of lumber, fivo
thousand cords of tannlc acld wood
and fuet one thousand cords of tan
bark and several hundred cords of
pulp wood are cut every year. At the
same time the forest through wise
management is bettered and is stead
lly Increasing in value. Workmen
employed along tho boundaries of the
forest do duty as firc guards. Thus fire
protection is secured at least through
out all the accessible parts of the
tract. ln connection with all lumber
ing operations permanent logging
roas are built. These minimize tho
present cost of transportation, and
will greatly reduce the cost of mar
keting future crops. Thus the en
tension of the roaas is steadily ad
ding to the investment value of the
forest. Moreover, they serve also as
a network of fire lines. Forest plant
ing is practlsed where ilri will not
threaten its success.
A Psalm of the Ilelpers.
(Henry Van Dyke.)
The ways of the world are full of
haste and turmoil.
I will sing of the .tribe of helpera
who travel in peace.
He that turneth from the road to
rescue another
Turneth toward his goal;
He shall arrlve in due time by the
footpath of mercy.
God will be his gulde.
He that taketh up the burden of tho
Llghteneth his own load;
The Almighitly will put His arms uu
derneath him":
He shall lean upon the Lord.
He that speaketh comfortable wordB
to mourners
Healeth his own heart;
In his time of grief they will return
to remembrance,
God will use" them for balm.
He that careth for tne sick and woun
ded Watcheth not alone;
There are three in the darkne?s to
gether, And the third is the Lord.
Blessed is the way of the helpers;
Th'e Companlons of the Christ.
Rock-a-by, baby, on the tree top.
If you cut down the forests, the baby
will flop;
And when the trees tumble, the ta
bles wlll fall,
So put up your axe and don't chop
'em at all!
They AU Demand It.
Montpelier, Llkc Eicry CKy and
Town in the Union, Reodves It.
People wlth kidney ills want to be
cured. When one suffers the tortureB
of an achlng back, rellef is eagerly
sought for. There are many remedies
today that relieve but do not cure.
Here is evidence to provo that Doan's
Kidney Pills cure, nnd the cure Ib
Mrs. Georgo C. Buzzell, S First
avenue, Montpelier, Vt., says: "I have
had no cause to chnngo my hlgh op
inion of Doan's Kidney Pills slnce I
publlcly recommended them somo
years ago. I was bothered at that
tlme by palns through my back, my
head nch'ed intensely nnd to stoop or
llft cause my trouble to become se
vere. I used different remedies, but
obtalned no beneflt and was about
dlscouraged when I heard of Doan's
Kidney Pills and procured a box from
W. E. Poole's Drug Store. It was not
long after using them tlint I noticed
a great ihiprovement and by the time
I had taken tho contents of three
boxes of Doan's Kidney Pills the paln
ln my back had ceased nnd I felt bet
ter in every way."
For salo by all dealcrs. Prlce C0
cents. Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo,
New York, eoIb ngents for the United
Remember the, name Doan'B na
tnke no otber. . .

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