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The New era. [volume] ([Portsmouth, Va.]) 1845-1847, August 09, 1845, Image 2

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What is it but a Map of busy Life?—Coioptr.
S A Ti; R DAY, AITG INI' 9, 184ft.
OUR flag]
In publishing what follows, it is necessary to
keep one fact before the public—that is: That
originally, F. E. Rives had no claim upon the
Portsmouth Road—that, as is believed, and the
subsequent developement of facts warrant. Rives
lent himsell as a tool to the Petersburg Company,
to break up the Portsmouth and Roanoke Rail
Road, for which he was to receive a certain re
muneration from the Petersburg Company—the
object ot that Company being to break down all
Opposition, as was avowed to the Board of Public
Works, and thus be enabled to press the travel
ling public with enormous charges, which those
travellers would, in the event of Rives &. Co.
being successful in their nefarious scheme, he
compelled to submit to. In order to accomplish
this. Rives purchased a claim of Col. Rochelle,
against the Portsmouth Company, of §26.000,
for §16,000, for which he paid at the time of pur
chase some §6,000. l_,et it also be remembered
that the Portsmouth Company offered to take his
claim, and make good all loss, anil expense he
had been put to. I'iiese facts heing borne in
mind, it is unnecessary to revert to the infamous
net of Rives in tearing up the rails and disabling
the bridge at Margarettsville, thus endangering
the lives of travellers, to stop travel on the Ports
mouth Road ; or to consider the decision of the
Supreme Conrt of North Carolina, that gave him
n right to that portion of Road in that State,
which he had purchased withholding from him
the franchise of the same. The Agreement with
the Petersburg Company will he found below._
Of that Agreement, the Petersburg Republican, of
the 23d July, spoke as follows :
“ W e are authorized hy Mr. Rives, to sav. that
he has not sold his rail road to the Petersham R.
R. Company—nor is there any thing in his agree
ment with them to prevent him from selling it to
either the State of Virginia or North Carolina_
and that it is not his purpose to remove the iron,
or to do any thing to impair its value as a rail
road, before there may have been a meeting ofthe
Legislature of each of those States. And we
have furthermore been informed, that Mr. Rives
expects to renew his application to the Legisla
ture of North Carolina for permission to use it
himself as a rail road
*• If then, we are correctly informed as to the
nature of the agreement. Mr. Rives has showed
great caution in forming it. If it he not used he
gets an income; and if he finds, at a future time,
that hy selling, or using it himself, he can make
it yield him more, of course he will make such :i
disposition of it as may he most profitable to him.”
The Agreement shows that the Republican was
not “correctly” informed. There is nothing in it.
which shows that Rives ever contemplated using
it as a Rail Road, for the transportation of freight
and passengers, but distinctly that his interest was
to keep it from being used for those purposes._
We will now introduce the Documents in our
possession, and if any one can rise from their
perusal without the conviction that a most nefari
ous combination has succeeded partially in a most
unholy work, then we have mistaken the judge
ment of men. Wo say partially, for it will he
seen that only about one-third of the stock of that
Company, present at the meeting on the 18th of
July, have sustained the action ofthe Board of
Directors, in their unjust efforts tu destroy a
sjster improvement.
The President of the Portsmouth Company not
being able to obtain correct information as to the
terms on which Rives and the Petersburg Com
pany had combined for the destruction of our
Road, and feeling assured that the publications in
the Petersburg papers were intended to mislead
the public mind, wrote to the Governor for copies
ofthe Agreement, &o., which was duly answer
ed. Those papers having been placed in our
hands we make them public.
Second Auditor’s Office,?
August 5, 1845. C
W. Gwtnn, Esq..
President P. R. R. R. Co..
Sir—By direction of the Board of Public
Works, to whom the Governor submitted your j
communication of the 2d instant, I enclose a copy i
of the agreement entered into between Mr. Eran
cis E. Rive9 and the Petersburg Rail Road Com
pany, and of the proceedings of the Stockholders i
of that Company ratifying said agreement. The |
papers from which these copies are taken are not
officially certified, hut they are no doubt correct.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant.
Articles of Agreement, entered into this
fourteenth day of June, 1815. between Fran
cis K Rivrs.oJ the one part, and the. Peters
burg Rail Itond Company, of the other part :
\\ hereas, the said Rivp* is the proprietor of
the Weldon Bridge, constructed over the Roanoke
River, in North Carolina, (subject to a mortgage !
thereupon, to secure a debt of about $8000 due i
to the Slate of North Carolina.) and of ihat por ;
lion of the Rail Road constructed by the j’orfs '
mouth and Roanoke Rail R .ad Company, which
extends from the town of Weldon to the Marga- j
rettsville depot in that Slate ; and he has offered
to sell the same to the said Portsmouth and Roan
oke Rail Road Company for #50.000, payable
twenty thousand dollars in cash, and the residue
in three equal annual payments, which offer the
said Company has rejected. And whereas the
said Company obtained from the Legislature of'
North Carolina the passage of an act to authorize
the sale of the whole Rail Road, and other prop- ;
erty belonging thereto, unto a new Company,
which act will go into operation, if ratified by the ;
Genera! Assembly of Virginia: And whereas,
from the present condition of the said Company,
it is believed that its means are not adequate to
the purchase of the said Hives's interest, and the
nontinuance of Rail Road business and operations,
1 unless tli»' whole Hoad and stock can he sold out j
I to a new Company, which must necessarily h«
i effected at a very low price, so that the large pe
I enniary interest of the State of Virginia ui said J
Road, must, in any event, he almost wholly lost ;
and it such new Company lie organized, it will, j
most probably, he hv non-residents of this State.!
and her interests in the tipper Rail Roads will be '
; greatly impaired in value. And whereas, it is of]
I great importance to the Stockholders in the Pe
tersburg Bail Road Company, of which the State
is one to the extent of i?323.500. to prevent the
I completion of any sueli plan as is above specified ;
and the said Rives being willing, for :\ reasonable
compensation, to prevent his portion of the said
Road from being used with his consent for the
j purposes aforesaid, the following stipulations have
J been agreed upon by and between the parties to
, these presents :
The Petersburg Rail Road Company hereby
agrpes to pay to Francis R. Rives the stun of
sixty thousand dollars. (§60.000,) in the follow
ing manner: Two thousand five hundred dollars
j on the first day of September next, ami the same
i sum every three months thereafter, until the sum
i of twenty thousand dollars shall have been paid to
] him ; twelve hundred and fifty dollars every three
months after that time, until the sum of ten thou '
sand dollars more shall have been paid ; and after
that period, seven hundred and fifty dollars every
three months, until the whole sixty thousand dol
j lars shall he fully paid. Provided, that during
I the whole period aforesaid, that part nf the Ports
mouth and Roanoke Rail Road which was pur
chased bv him from Weldon to Margarettsville.
j and the Weldon Bridge, shall remained unused
] as a Rail Road for the transportation of persons
! and produce, but in case the said Road and Bridge
I shall he so used, then front the day when they or
! either of them shall he so used for Rail Road pur
poses, the payments aforesaid shall cease. But
m case me sain wan unail shall he put m nnlinn
ry operation. t»y any legal proceeding, or being in
operation sliall be ihe subject of any legal pro
ceedings. then so soon as such proceedings sliall
terminate by a decision in favor of the said Rives’s
rights, the payments to him shall recommence
and he continued until the said sum of sixty thou
sand dollars shall lie paid as aforesaid without in
terest ; and provided also that if any other Rail
Road he constructed to connect the Portsmouth
Hail Road with any point on Roanoke river,
then the said payments shall utterly cease, from
the time when such other Road shall he used for
Rail Road purposes. And in case the Weldon
Bridge shall at any time within three years he
sold under mortgage held on it hy the State of
North Carolina, then the Petersburg Rail Road
Company agree to advance and pay to the said
Rives in case ho shall he the purchaser thereof,
as much money as will be sufficient to satisfy the
debt, interest and expenses due the State under
the said mortgage: and upon the purchase of the
said Bridge by the said Rives, which he hereby
hinds himself to do, if required hy the Petersburg
Rail Road Company, the said Company shall be
entitled to one moiety of the said Bridge, with
all the appurtenances, rights and advantages be
longing to and arising from the same, and the
said Rives shall he entitled to the other moiety
thereof. Provided, that if a Rail Road from i
Weldon to the Portsmouth Rail Road he then in
regular use and operation this article shall he of
no effect.
In case the said Rives shall sell the said
Road (excepting the iron.) or the same shall he
by any legal means condemned for the purposes of a
Rail Road, then it isagrepd that the price or dam
ages allowed to the said Rives shall he applied in
the first instance to satisfy the said sum of sixty
thousand dollars, or so much as shall remain un
paid, and if the whole shall have been paid to the
said Rives then the said Company shall receive
the amount which it has paid, without interest,
and so if the whole shall not have been paid by'
the Company, then after the debt to Iiives shall
have been paid, the Company shall ho reimbursed
without interest the amount paid hy it, provided
the amount of such damages, or price, be suffici
ent for that purpose and if the same be more than
sufficient, then the surplus shall he paid one moie
ty to the said Rives, and one moiety to the said
It is understood that nothing contained herein
shall he so construed as to prevent the said Rives
from disposing of the iron and spikes contain
ed in said Road for his sole use and benefit.
It is also understood that this contract shall he
binding on the. Company until a special meeting
of the Stockholders can be assembled to ratify o"r
reject it.
\V itness, the hands and seals of the parties to
this contract this 14th day of June. 1845.
President P.R.R.C.
At a sppcial mating 0f the Stockholders of the
Petersburg Rail Rail Road Company, held after
due notice, at the Exchange in Petersburg, on
Friday, July 18th, !84o—present in person and
by proxy 6361 Shares, entitled to 1142 voles, be
ing a legal quorum.
John F\ May. Esq., was appointed Chairman
and Samuel Mordecai, Secretary.
H. 1). Bird, President of the Company pre
sented and read to the meeting a contract made by
the President and Directors of this Company with
F'raneis E. Rives, F’sq., dated June 14, 1845.
subject to ratification or rejection by the Stock
holders, which was ordered to be filed.
David May, F_.sq., offered the following resolu
tion ;
Rexoloed, That this mpeting approve of thp
contract entered into by the Directors of this
Company with Francis F’,. Rives, and that the
same be hereby ratified and confirmed.
Charles F\ Osborne. Esq., acting as proxy for
the Board of Public Works, presented a Pream
ble and Resolutions, adopted by that Board in
structing him to vote as its proxy against the
ratification of the contract with Francis E. Rives;
which was ordered to be filed.
The question was then taken on ratifying and
confirming the contract made by the Board of Di
rectors with Francis E Rives, which was carried
in the affirmative—ayes 661, noes 308. Silent
83 votes.
Tno meeting then adjourned.
Town of Petersburg, 441 Shares, 63 votes,
69 Individual Stockholders, 1383 do 603 do
Hoard of Public Works, 3235 Shares. .332 votes.
H. Cope k others, Trustees, f00 do 19 do>
•F Bacon do do 193 do 28do>
Wm. Short. 109 do l9do>*>
p /f. ’ Mill*, 20 Shares, II Votes.
FJihu Cbnont ey, 269 dO 35 do }
Nathan I Chaur,rey, 26 (lo II do f *T
Bank Pennsylvania. 74 do 16 do £ ST
Francis F>. Rives, Guardian, 13 do I0do)?
6361 1142
There are some points in tho above •• Agree
ment” which it is proper to correct, for they pre
sentpd/a/fuhood* to the Meeting of Stockholders,
and it is probable induced some that would other
wise not have done so. to vole for “ confirming”
the bargain ; and they will, no doubt, mislead the
public, if suffered to go uncorrected. It sets out
with the statement that Rives is the sole owner i
of tho Weldon Bridge. This is not true. Rives'
purchased only s<» much of tho Bridge ns lies ini
Northampton County—leaving sixty feet, nr all
there *s hi Halifax County in possession of tho
Portsmouth Company, without which the portion
purchased is wholly worthless to the purchaser.
It next sets forth that Rives owns the R <m\ from
the town of Weldon to Margareitsville. This is
also untrue, as his purchase extends no further
than the low water mark on the south side of the
Roanoke River; consequently, all the Bridge in
Halifax County, with all the Road south of that
line, to Weldon, with thp Depot, &.c.. are in the
possession of the Portsmouth Company.
1 he Company, in the Agreement given above,
seem to desire to throw around their unprecedent
ed and unwarranted act the mantle of patriotism ;
they pretend to have consummated tho bargain,
in order to prevent “ non-residents” from partici
pating in the profits arising from improvements
in this stale. Liberal, gallant, public spirited
mpn. What will the “non-resident” Stuck-j
holders in the Petersburg Company say to this
spirit—and what guaranty have they that their
rights will he protected in the hands of such men ?
\\ e leave it for them to answer.
\\ e have hut one word more to say on this sub
ject at present. Men of Norfolk and Portsmouth !
You w hose properly will be rendered worthless,
if Ibis Road erases operations, what do you in
tend to do ? Yon have an opportunity, for a very
small sum. to secure this property so that it shall
enure to your benefit. Purchase the mortgage on
the portion of the Road yet remaining in North
Carolina, held by that State; with that in posses
sion, you can bring those who would crush you
to terms. The State is with yon, the whole
travelling public north and south are with yon ;
you ran lose nothing, and you have every thing
to gain. If the Petersburg Company can afford
to pay $60,000 for an idle road, what ought you
not afford for it, when in active operation, who
have millions at stake?
Extract below is talipn from the correspondent
of the Charleston Mercury. The speculation
may he interesting. VVe, ourselves, have hut
little faith in Col. Benton, or any of the Benton
clique, hut we do not believe that they will ven
ture what characier they have left, in now onpos
ing the final consummation of annexation. 'The
power of the “ Young Democracy” is too strong
for them to put themselves in opposition to it. on
that issue. There is no danger of Virginia send
ing an opponent of the measure, to the Senate, we
can assure onr Charleston friends :
“ To shew that I am not alone in supposing it
to he quite possible that Senator Benton may
throw or attempt to throw obstacles in the wav of
the final completion of annexation, particularly if
he should he re inforced by two Oa^byizing
Senators from Virginia and Mississioni. I 1-pg,
just to call your attention and that of your readers
to the following extract from a letter published in
the Albany Evening .Journal, for the purpose of
calling upon the Whigs si ill to rally in opposition
to the “ Annexation of Texas.” This extract,
too, shews the estimate placed by the Whigs up
on Col. Benton’s opposition to the Treaty of An
nexation. and the estimate they form of bis future
course. Here it is ;
• On Col. Benton, the eyps of all prudent men
are turned with intensest interest. Mis great ex
perience, the conservative and just views he has
already expressed; his hitherto unshaken firmness
give hope, that, if Texas be. admitted it ioill only
be, on terms that shall, be. just, not only to .Mex
ico. but to both sections of bis country. But he
treaded on dangerous ground for himself. It was
on the rock of compromise, the fortunes of Mr.
Clay were broken. It will require moral forti
tilde almost more than human for that gentleman
to maintain the noble position he has taken, against
the now swift running popular current. But Col.
Benton, if any man living, can ride in the whirl
wind and direct the storm.
It lhe cup cannot or. put from ns. be it so, he j
it so. If Texas must lie united to us. let the i
line of division be fairly drawn, half at least be
ing, by the organic lam, like the North Western
Territory, that owes as much to your patriotic \
labors, my dear friend, forever secured from
"slavery or involuntary servitude otherwise'
Ilian in the punishment of crime.’
" I have very little fear with respect to the
Senator to he elected hy Virginia. I believe that
that State will send to the U. S. Senate a man
who is known to he true on the Texas question,
and who will not he drawn ofT hy any man, nr on
any pretence. I thought it proper, however, to
call attention to the view of the question which I
presented in my previous letter, because, it was
important that the matter should he well under
stood. that Gov. MeDnwall, (not McDonald) of
Virginia, and Gov. McNutt, of Mississippi, were
both Rentonians. and would he likely to follow in
the wake of Col. Benton, however tortuous or ill
advised his course might he. 'That my supposi
tion that Col. B. may, and probably will, attempt
to throw some obstacle in the way of the consum
mation of the union of Texas to the United States,
i» at least plausible, is shewn hy the extract above
above given of the opinion of others than myself.
That those obstacles, or any opposition that Col.
Benton, to gratify his revengeful passions, might
attempt, will be of any avail, I cannot and
will riot believe. Vet “ fbrwarned is forearm
ed,” and those States which have to elect Sena
tors should understand what rnay be the effects
of their action should they choose men who would
take Col. B. as their political conscience keep
er. I perceive from the Mississippi papers that
Gov. McNutt is about to undertake a stumping ex
pedition throughout that State, to try to persuade
the people to choose members of the Legislature
who will vote for him for Senator. I cannot how
I ever think that McNutt,will ever he sent as a Sen
ator Irom that State, when [ recollect that when
Mr. Van Burrn’s letter on the subject of Annexa
tion was made public, he supported it views, do- j
noonced the I realy of Annexation, landed Cnl.j
Benton’s course, advocated the nomination of Mr.j
Van Boren, and denounced and attempted to over- j
ride those men in the Sta's who threw Mr. Van
Huron overboard and condemned the course of
Senator Benton, and supported Mr. Walker’s
course. The people of that State then supported
tltt* latter and |> it the seal of their condemnation
on McNutt’s course, and I donut believe that
they will so soon stuilify themselves and that on
so important question as one hearing on the success
ful consummation of the great measure of the An
nexation of Texas. No Bentonian Senator will
be elected front Mississippi, | think.”
MattttKtv L. Dxvts. we hear, has been rein
stated hy the Collector in the Deputy Collector
ship, from which he was removed on Thursday.
—vV. 1*. Morning JYtws.
This is most excellent, if true. Mr. Mathew I,.
Davis, tt will he recollected is the biographer, and
was the bosom friend of Aaron Burr. He always ,
was a hitter enemy of the democratic party, and
opposed to Gen. .lackson. Hu was the correspon
dent of the Courier and Enquirer, and wrote un
der the signature of the “ Spy in Washington,”
and it was his pen that originated the dispute
which ended in the death of the lamented Cilley.
Ld not the Democratic party, or its agents, be j
charged with want of liberality and forbearance I
towards their political opponents if this he true.— ■
Is it so, Mr. Secretary of the Treasury ?
Some month or two since the editor of the North
Slate \V nig. Mr Dimock, made some gross ami
heavy charges against Mr. Clark, a candidate for
Congress in the 8th District of North Carolina,
which caused a hostile meeting on the duelling
ground at Bladenshurg, which resulted in no harm
to either parly. Since his return home the editor
of the Whig leiterates his charge, and shows
continued ill feeling towards Mr. Clark. We ob
tain the following facts front the Raleigh Standard
ot the Gilt instant, which as the matter is known
here, we give as a matter of some interest.
“ e have it front good authority that Mr.
Clark told his second, Dr. Bryan, before he went
upon the field, that under no circumstances did
he desire to fight beyond one fire, as his only ob
ject was to satisfy Mr. Dimock that he should not
abuse him with impunity. They went upon the
field (Bladenshurg) attended by Dr. Bryan and
Mr. Harris, and two young physicians of Balti
more. Dr. Bryan won the word ; and as ihp pis
tols were handed to the principals, and as Bryan
was stepping off front Clark, Dimock’s pistol went
off, t'» the amazement of all. The two surgeons,
who were witnesses at a small distance, immedi
ately came up and testified that it was sheer acci
dent—ami it was so determined and Harris prn
ceededto re load the pistol. They then fired at the
word, and both missed. Mr. Harris enquired of
Mr. Clark if he was then satisfied. Mr. Clark i
replied that he was. for the present, Mr. Har- '
ris then proposed to Mr. Clark to shake hands j
with Mr. Dimock, which Mr. Clark refused to '
do; and they left the ground. They did not '
travel home in company. They are therefore not
reconciled, and the course of Mr. Dimock since
the duel affords no hope that they ever will be.
“It is proper for us to state that we have not
heard one word from Mr. Clark on this subject,
and do not speak by authority. No one regrets
more titan we do this unfortunate affair, and cer
tainly wo have neither a motive nor the disposi
tion to do either of the parlies the slightest in
'I’he late proprietors of this sterling democratic
paper, Messrs. Park &. Rogers, have given up
their connection with the paper, and it now falls
under the management of Col. D. C. Camphell
and H. V. Johnson, Esq., gentlemen who assume
the tripod with a good grace, that promises, that
in their hands the Union will continue to be an
able exponent of Jeffersonian principles.
Which was convened in Washington to try
Capt. Voorhees, on the second set of charges pre
ferred against him, have been ordered to sit in
New York, and convened on board the North
Carolina, in that harbor on Tuesday last. The
sentence and papers have been sent back to them
for revision. So says the newspapers.
We are happy to see that the Secretary of the
Treasury, in view of the heavy losses sustained
by the merchants in New York bv the late great
fire in that city, lias postponed the sale of such
goods as may be liable to be sold, to realize the
duties, for a period of sixty days from the ]6t
Since the 1st instant, says the Ledger, John
Jacob Astor, of New York, has invested fifty
thousand dollars in Pennsylvania Slate Fives.
Many other capitalists are said to be following
his example. With such heavy drafts on the
floating stock in the market the prices cannot
long remain below par.
The Grand Jury of Camden County, New
Jersey, have found a true bill against the proprie
tors of the Camden Race Course, for sustaining a
j nuisance.
Somethin© new under the Sun.—An
I evening or two ago, a newsboy was busily enga
: ged at bis vocation in the pit of the Arch Street
Theatre, selling a penny paper. The fellow was
! patronized, and numbers were seen during the sev
| oral intermissions of the performance in poringover
the details of the little sheet. Whether a steam
er had just arrived, or what there was of an extra
character to induce and warrant such a novelty,
we know not; hut this much we do know, that
a newspaper was sold in the theatre, that it was
read by the#purchasers, and that it was something
new under sun. It not to be presumed that the
encouragement the newsmonger met with was
caused by a want of interest in the play, for no
sooner was the signal bell rung for the raising the
curtain than all hands threw down the paper, and
with eyes and ears brought intently into service,
caught the thrilling scenes of " The Spy of St.
Good Advice,—An exchange paper says,
“ when a man is too poor to keep a cow or lake
a newspaper, he should not keep mare than three j
or four dogs, or five or six cats.”
Bai.timork, August 7, 1846.
Fire—Lukewarm political office holders—The
Rape Case—the Sun—Embezzlement by one
of the respectability—Compounding a felo
ny—hot Weather—the Working men—the
Drought and the Markets.
Our firemen have had something to do, besidei
kicking up shindies. We had quite a large con
flagration last night in Market Space, (west side,)
a few doors from Baltimore street, by which the
stores of Mr. Bombay and Mr. Russell were de
stroyed. A lady, Mrs. Marshall, had a very nar
row escape, and I learn was considerably scorched
before finally extricating herself from the rushing
Politically, every thing is as flat as is to be ex
pected, when men get into power and become
hale fellows well met with old honkers, trim
mers. and indifferent politicians. 1 think of all
creatures among politicians, that man is t he mean
est, who can he all things to all men—who can
promise, and promise and still go on and promise ;
but never performs. Who when snugly ensconsed’
in office, can see no necessity for removing old
office holders, and political trimmers,—men "who,
let what will happen, always fall uppermost and
are always on the buttered side. Such men, to
my mind, are more deserving of the application of
the wholesome rule of reform, than an open oppo
nent. who must he sincere, or lie would imitate
these half-Whig—half Democratic—nothing-at
all gentleman.
I he case of the German girl still agitates, but I
fear the Sun is putting too much of self in the
matter, which will not take like “ Sugar coaled
pills.” Let them keep the true issue before the
people amJ they are safe; but an attempt to make
any other use of the question will have a bad ef
fect. I speak for tiie benefit of the issue—I speak
for the liberty of the Press, and the vindication of
the outraged laws. I may be wrong, but I am
sincere, and therefore entitled to a respectful hear
ing at least. The German Society has had the
poor girl provided for. 'I'lie warden of the jail
takes care of her. and she is prevented from heincr
annoyed either by impertinent curiosity or de"
signing enemies, which she would be subjected
to in any other situation.
1 lie name of the Clerk who “committed the
error of judgement!” and appropriated some night
or ten thousand dollars to his own use, is Dorsey
one of the “ respectability,” and consequently one
ol the “ on whipped of Justice.” Oh ! my coun
try ! oh! my country—how rapid has been your
downward track in matters of morals and honesty !
How stealthily but surely, has corruption entered
into your institutions, and oh ! how fatal musl
they prove, if not speedily arrested bv the ornnip
tent voice of the press and people. I understand
the Bank in question, lent their aid to hush up
this matter, and it looks to me, from what I have
heard of it, very much like compounding a felo
ny. n
It is as hot here as Tophet, and although we
have had a copious down pouring of rain, there is
a steam arising from the heated earth, which
nearly parboils the unfortunate flesh tha>. is obliged
to be within its influence. I am glad to see you
putting in the licks in favor of the workingmen
who are their own worst enemies—they will not
stick to those who labor for them, which, if they
did, they would find that even the highest would
leel their strength and recognise their rights
1 he temperance cause holds its own, and such
has been ns benefits, that all of its backsliders
cannot injure it an attorn. The drought has
caused quite a rise in marketing generally, and it
is thought that they will be “ riser.”
Yours, “TRUE GRIT.”
I he chief, the grand object with every farmer,
should be the accumulation of manure from one
year s end to another, day in and day out, and
Irom every possible resource. Not a single pound
of feathers «r of hair—of horn orof hoof, not a sin
gle pint ot ashes, or of soapsuds, not a weed if it
were possible should bo lost- all should be con
verted into manure. Of one thing every farmer
is certain—that cultivation exhausts his land—
S?m<j "."r °! co,,rse must be done to restore that
Ot which ,t ,S exhausted. How long will a horse
«ork if he gets no feed ? How long will the best
cow give milk if she gets nothing to eat? Neiih
; Zufld. farm be w,rked and mi,ked wi‘hont be
; De^mhirn,1.00^^ °nlj 10 ,he Stab,° 0r ,he *>W
1 carelesslv ')r.!"ani,re^ and managing them
will rod7 , un8k,lfu."y. ‘he thinking farmer
but whaunav^ ,hefe 'S ,,Hlhin? which will rot.
food r.li h s farm 7Z7 l,"'0 *"!
him he nnvJrJi ■ horse dies on the larm let
very rnsRcs ri * .WK * C3rt h'ads of earth and the
w m Pm that escaPe ln ‘lie case of putrefaction,
IbihXZ"? f,,J rk' p”'d "“•">* °f
ofTil ofti no‘hmg be lost—not even the
tol r?ieP ry°r l"*eon house-German
! inrr i 'I'6 i^Rfl,rmpd Gambler/’ is lectnr
meetinrr ijg"^'^" iJ|flf,eeCh at a TemPertnc®
asked him i , fo,,°wing answer to one who
Born a Ro L ^ h? rPCeiv(>d hi* education:
»orn a Buckeye, raised a Hoosier, took a lesson
years^nThe Vr *, Studied ar,d practised for twelve
nZ.” "tor.'and emdmUd in
Mr M.irr,ll Jh i"’S1° "le ny <,f Ihp Re.
' g,/uZI S»'» Pr«™.
Z •SZT^'ZSS' TheLon
' war’s alarm, <•" 'J"? * ''be rir.d of
ham sung ,hs. . ' he t,,np when Master Bra
North if, E*„a:.»*>" Otoorar.,, .. Urd
Franklin, Burke and M,n,ster J Pi“ and
■ nent performers on th VN a»hmglon, weVe promt
•‘ill wore hi. head v°?° ’ Loui» XVf‘
! inn- the axe r„, ,, 1 orn Paine was sharpen*
o ns termed by CmnwTlj? 5 ,feri"*al,alam w*»
prime and r!,»„ . ... 8 » Burns was in his
his verse- Vvr 9t' de,'ffhted the world with
(into fame Rn/ i 1 f9' ^tddonsonly drawing
- after a lan«n r "J ha* outlived them all—and,
.Si? "T'rfir,yr«".» «m Z
liirc.” ’ lvm£f to pleagp, and pleasing to
’of MMhXr'Jlo*•*,—'“f "'<• Truck horwa
when, on the driver’s7 11 *lnrc ,n ""9 c,,y*
hold he was missing Ft**"8 r'Td for h,rn' be'
fore his driver couhf dJ ?*" honr or lwo b«
... v,.,y zs::z'7:vrh^it-u
and not sohject to flights of f r'^ * *,eady heast,
The smith aai/t .i ,h3Ve his snoes repaired,—
J he smith said the horse entered and took the

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