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THE NEW ERA.
Hh.it >•* it hut a Map of Inisy L'fc ?—Coieper. NOR F OLK~AN i)^C)IlTSMOUTH THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 6. 18*6. OUR FL1G! FREE TRADE—LOW DUTIES—NO DEHT—SF. PAR VHON PROM RANKS—ECONOMY - RE TRENCHMENT -AND STRICT ADHERENCE 1<> THE CONSTITUTION. VV* are indebted In the Unit. Mr. Atkin son for a copy of the Letter of the Secretary of the Treasury, transmitting tlie Annual Ren irt of the Commissioner of the General Laud Olfice, dated Dec. !G, ISM. FRENCH’S MOTEL FOR SALE. We see that the present proprietor of this Ho tel, in Norfolk, in consetjvtence of increasing years advertises to sell his interest in the Establish ment. |i is an eligible stand, and in an enterpri sing man, who understands the business, would prove a source of wealth. HON. HOPKINS I. TURNEY. This gentleman' ns is well known to our ren ders, has been elected U. S. Senator, in the Ten nessee Legislature, mainly by whig votes, having received the whole whig v..te with six democratic votes, which gave him the majority, against the regularly nominated candidate, who received the two third nomination in eaneus. Mr. Nicholson however, withdrew and the contest was between Mr. Turney and Mr Dunlop, hoth democrats, and resulted as we have stated. During the pending of this contest, serious charges were made against Mr. Turney, of collusion, and bargain with the whigs, which as we had long known hint to he a stern and unwavering democrat, we hesitated to publish, although they had received almost an of ficial form in the shape of Resolutions presented to the Legislature, on the 25th October, by Mr. Gordon, and which are as follows: “ 1st. Have there been any overtures made hv any portion of the Whig party of the General Assembly, to induce Mr. Hopkins L. Turney to change any of his avowed principles, or vote for any of the Whig measures, or favor the Whig party, in the event of his election to the Senaie of the United States ; anil if so, to what extent ? “ 2nd Has Mr. Hopkins L. Turney made any overtures, either vethally or in writing, either by himself or others for him. by which anv conces sions were made to the Whig party by which lie agreed, in theevent of his election, to vote against or abandon any of his principles, by which ho was to vote fur or sustain any of the Whig measures; particularly hisemrse to be taken upon the sub ject of the Tariff of 1842. and ilie distribution of the public lauds i The joint committee shall have full powers to send tor persons and papers in aid of the investigation committee to this charge, and make report thereon as Anon as possi ble.” No action was had on these Resolutions, and the public mind is left in darkness on the subject. Wc have received by the mail of this morning through the Nashville Union, the following card from Mr. Turney : “ The public .will susppnd its opinion in rela tion to the charges made against me by my ene mies in the Legislature for a few days, as | am Compelled to be absent for some ten days attend ing to some important business; after which, | shall present my defence and vindication to the public. H. L. TURNEY.” October 25, 1844. On presenting this card to the public the Union remarks : “ lu presenting the foregoing card from Mr. Turney, we feel it our duty to him to ask a mis pension of the public judgment according to bis request. We understand that Mr. Turney will make a full defenep. and he has a right to expect that no hasty opinions shall he formed. It is due to ourself to state that we have had no connection with the charges against Mr. Turney, ami shall he sincerely gratified if his vind'ealion shall prove entirely-satisfactory to the w hole country.*’ For ourself we confess we do not like the as ppet which Mr. Turney presents to the public.— Elected to the Senate by but six SINCERE friends —he must feel very uncomfortable, and indebted for his seat to his political opponents, who have J sustained him merely for the purpose of destroy ing the harmony and unity of tlie democratic par ty. he will, however undeserved, be looked upon with suspicion by his former friends. We trust that he will he enabled to make a clear and satis factory statement in his promised “ defenco and vindication.” SOMETHING BETTER THAN WHIP PING | We extract the following from a letter pub lished in tlm Boston Investigator. It is contended i by some that there is nothing w ill do on board j ship hut flogging. We believe differently, and that belief is corroborated, hy every thing we see and hear. There was a man on hoard of the Congress who would get drunk every day or two. and they had flogged hint repeatedly f«»r it; hut u was oi no use, for he would get drunk again just as soon as he could get rum. Finally, getting tired <>f the trouble of flogging him so often, he was put in double irons, and under a sentry. After about! three weeks’ confinement, he was reformed ; and 9ent word to the Captain In that effect, when he was liberated, and was never seen drunk alter wards while he continued in the ship, which was over a year. I bis shows that /logging, like all other barbarities, fails of the end it is intended to accomplish, viz., of doing good, even when judi ciously practised, to say nothing of its abuse. 'Phe effect nl whipping, like that of hanging, tends to make men worse. The very fact that it is allowed, tends to keep the best of men out of! the Navy. 1 believe there are thousand* of men j who have large families, who would prefer to be in the constant employ of the Government, than to be subject to the change* of commercial trade, if ti-at curse, t'ie lash, did not hang over their backs at every step; which, with it* liabilities to abuse, entirely slmis them out, as long as they have any regard for their own feeling*, or backs. I was forcibly struck with the absurdity of the toast given hy Miss Wickliffe, on board of th* Princeton, at tb« time of the explosion of the “ Peacemaker,” viz ; “'Plm American Flag—The only thing Ameri can that will bear tlripu Where was the American slave ami the Ame i ricnn Naval seaman? Oh! they are things of too low a nature to come within the notice of the patriotism or philanthropliy of such Bacchanalian scenes as was that! Our Navy is mostly filled with officers who are tyrannical—even in the extreme. There are some honorable exceptions, however, one of which was in this ship Congress—the 4th Cieu •eiiant. Bates. He is a gentleman, in the broad sense of the term ; he would never fl >g a man if he coitlil avoid it legally. He was liked by eve ry man in the ship, and could and did work her when no other officer on hoard could. Ami why was this ? Because, the men respected him, and would ohey it is orders the moment ibey were given. 11. W. AetP Vork, Orl. 12. 1845. MORE FOREIGN NEWS. Bv the arrival of the Caledonia steamship our exchange papers are put in possession of eight days later news from England. The news is of an interesting character all round to the politician, the Cotton planter and merchant, and tho agriculturist. Wilmer and Smith’s Times has an article which breathes of war, which must come, unless both parties aha»e somewhat of their claims, and pro nounces a war about the Oregon tpiritory "one of the most reckless and insane expeditions that the civilized world ever witnessed.*’ On this subject the Timps snvs: — “ The dock yards nod naval arsenals of Eng land , exhibit extraordinary activity at the present moment. In many of the outporls steam frigates of the largest class have been ordered by the Go vernment, to be ready by a fixed period, according to the contracts, and the builders have been bound down by heavy penalties to have them, like the old Commodore in the song. •• fit for sea” at the required time. I be contractors have recently been informed by the Admiralty that the penalties will lie rigidly enforced in the event of failure as to time. In addition, surveys are being made of the coast and of the nutp irts. and preparations arc also being made f..r placing the whole in a p1H,i. tion of the greatest strength and impregnability. But the natural inquiry is, whence this warlike activity ? What is llie occasion that demands it ? We are at peace with the world; our ships ride quietly on every sea ; the foreign relations of the country wear a pacific appearance. Those who profess to see further into a mill * stone than their neighbors, point to the •• Far West”—to Oregon, for a solution iif the mystery. President Polk, say they, is determined to have the disputed teritory. irrespective of the conse quenees The spirit of his inaugoal address, the Same authorities add. actuates the President and his democratic Congress. The comparative «•,>.■,k ness of ilie whig* in lhe House, as well ns in |||P Senate, and lhe strong feelings which influence a large portion of the citizens (,f the United Slates mi this question, are adduced as potent reasons fur the arming, and the preparations for onslaught. of which the duck yards of Britain at tiie present moment give indubitable proof. The prepaiaiions to w hich we allude are unquestiona bly mailers nf fact; whether the inference de * tlnced therefrom be correct, is another question. l he accounts from England and Ireland of the loss of a great part ,if the wheat Harvest, and the failure id the potatoe crop are truly fearful, and although ii enhances the value nf the American Provision Market, cannot he contemplated with out pain. 'Pbe American provision trade fimrishes. The stuck of beef, pork, and cbec.se is ligh! ; and the state of things in Ireland will have a tendency not only to improve prices, hot to lessen coinpeli tinn. It seems a singular annomaly in this branch id trade, that lhe dealers are constantly complain ing of the smallness of thpir stocks, and nf the difficulty which they experience in executing the orders which pour in upon them. 'Pile price ul Corn is rising rapidly; and on this head we need do lilttle mure than refer to the ant pie details in nor market returns. The weather lately has been must wretched, and even at the present mmnent large patches of uncut grain arc exposed to the pelting of thp elements in the north of England and in Scotland, while, as wp have stated previously, the position of matters in Ire land is even worse. Dump corn enhances the value of fine wheat ; and those who possess the Jailer, calculating un a rise, evince no desire to part with it 'Phe market is therefore scantily supplied, and the improvement in ifie price is the result. As to the general yield of trie harvest, the authorities differ; hut it seems undeniable that the wheat crop will ho under that of last year—though not to the extent ihat some alarm ists would fain induce the world to helipve. Kaii.itRE OF THE Potato Crop.—The failure of lhe Potato crop in Ireland is a most distressing j PV,,nt. 'Phe accounts connected with thtssiihject. i Irorn all parts of that country, are painful in the extreme. \\ ith the greater part of the laboring i population, living at all times from hand to mouth" it only requires the failure of an esculent which • enters so largely into their fn.ul, to produce misery of lhe keenest, the most heart rending Hescrip’iun. 1 Ireland does not suffer exclusively by"this calami ty ibis year; but elsewhere.from the comparative j comfort of the lower orders, they can better en [ dure and provide against it. Commkrcial — I lip ml ton market is depress ed. the business transacted is limited, prices have a downward tendency, and holders, evidently not at ease, show a desire to accept the current rates, and to press their stocks. The sales of the week. ending on Friday, only amounted to 20,000 hales, and limited as this business is, it was even more r siricted yesterd ay—for not more than 1500 to 2000 hags changed hands. A variety of causes may be adduced to account for the present stagnation. Foremost is the rail "ay madness. It swallows up all classes and shades in its vortex ; the steady merchant and the reckless glamhler are alike bewitched by iis a! lurements. and sage grave men, whose organizi linn Would seem to put thpm out of the way »*f temptation, act like persons laboring under stimu lating draughts, increase by their conduct the ge fieri I madness. Again, tlipre is the fearfu| deficiency in the po titue crop, and a hail grain harvest—circumstances in themselves appalling, and under the influence of which the Colton market may yet shrink like scorched parchment. Then there is the rise jn the rate of interest by the Rank of Rnglnnd, which points, among the other breakers ahead, to' a scarcity of money, and the derangement of the exchanges, consequent on the large sums of gold constantly leaving the country to invest jn conti nental railways. Finally, there is the prospects of the new crop in the United Slates, respecting w hich there is hot little anxiety fop—nothing, in short, at all likely I" »* a counterpoise to the prevailing deg pondeftcy. The causes at which we have glanced are each •— ■——— ——— in their way more or less potent—their combined influence on the price of the staple and the pros peels ol the market is deadening. B it every evil lias some drawback. The present state of things will give a powerful impetus to the feeling in favor oi free trade, and rumors even now are pro valent—mete conjectures, pmhahlv, hilt straws show how the wind blows—that Peel, ere long, will throw open the ports, and thus anticipate the (.inline which woo'd appear to he impending over Ireland, and which cannot be untell in England. GERMANY. Berlin. Oct 9.—| have a piece of most un expected intelligence to communicate : the Z >11 verem has separated without coming toany deris ion whatever on the question of an increase of du tics, and consequently the present duties remain unaltered. No one foresaw this determination of tlo* debates, and the surprise it has occasioned is exceedingly great. The southern Staten demand ed the increase, hut Prussia refused to accede thereto, and no decision could he obtained. Great honor is due tojprussia for its firmness in 'hemat ter. It was menaced by desertion hy many of the States of which it is tlie protector, but it would not give in. 1 he decision of the Z dlverein to separate without a decision will he advantageous to American commerce generally, and especially to American cotton. FIVE REASONS AGAINST THE PRESENT TARIFF. A Boston correspondent sends us the following five conclusions on an important question: first.— I lie law of 1842 was contrary to tlie compact between the North and South, made at ilm time the question was most earnestly debated in 18od, and known as Mr. Glay’s compromise act. 'Phis compromise expressly stipulated that, from and after the 30th day of June, 1842. no duty should lie levied to exceed twenty per cent, mi a home valuation. Second.—'The present tariff, by its differing duties upon the various articles of merchandise, is unequal in its effect, giving to some branches of manufacture advantages over others, contrary to the spirit of our institutions, ami to the soundest principles of political economy and national ad vaneemenl. I him.— l Im unrensntnhle duties payable in rush, willinut any right of warehousing, and the retention hy government of two and a half p*-r cent, of all debentures, prevents the importation of merchandise into our ports for the purpose uf re shipment to Smith America and other foreign markets, thereby interfering with shipowners, shipbuilders, and all interests dependent on for eign trade ami commerce. 1*ourlh.—'I hat it is to the advantage of any country to make whatever can lie made cheaper •ban can be bought, and to buy whatever can lie purchased at less price than manufactured. Thai unequal duties beyond the requirements of reve nue. interfere with the fair and indisputable right of every citizen to buy and sell without any tin necessary interference of government. F il'h.— 1 hat unbiased reflection clearly shows, that exchanges between nations are equal, or nearly so; that in proportion as wo sell we have the ability to tiny ; and according ns we buy from miters, other nations have the ability to purchase fro ii us. That the laws that restrict importation of necessity interfere w ith the prices obtained lor exports. I hat the protection of the Northern manufac tures operates to the rlisadvantage of the agricul toral interests of the Sooth and West in two ways: first, hy compelling them to pay a higher price fur their goods, and, second, in lessenincr j the amount that they would receive for their pro duel ions.—„V. Y. Evening Yost. From the Washington Constitution. NEW YORK DEMOCRACY. A meeting of the Democracy of the city and county was held oil Wednesday evening last._! The ticket prepared hy the nominating corn i tniltee was agreed to, A series of ablefesolti j tions were adopted, from which we select the fol 1 low ing. Resolved. That the Democracy of the city1 of New York have reason to he proud uf the dis tinguished statesman at the head of the General Government—that we congratulate the country on having at the helm of affairs, in the present critical position of our foreign relations, a man educated under the illustrious Jackson, from whom he has learned lessons id' American patriot ism—that we have entire confidence that Presi dent James K. Polk will maintain the great prin ciples of republican freedom—that we cannot hut approve of his manly stand in relation to Oregon and Texas—that he has exhibited statesman like prudence in sending our naval and military forces to protect Texas from invasion, and that we will maintain him at all hazards in maintaining our rights m Texas to the line of the Rjn fJrnude. arid in asserting the unquestionable rights of the Coiled Slates to the Oregon Territory, from the Mexican possessions on the South to the Russian possessions in the north. nesoieed, i luit in our opinion. Congress niton id adopt a resolution giving notice to the l.ritish Government of the intention of the United States to pot an end to the joint occupation of Oregon—and also should pass such |aw, as m be necessary to protect our fellow citizens who I have emigrated to that Country under the flag „fj the United States—that onr duty to our country men, as well as the increasing value of tup Ore gon Territory, in a national point of view, de mand prompt and energetic action on the part of1 the Unitprf Staffs. 1 Ilesulfed, I hat we view with suspicion and a nno the interference of European powers with the affairs of the American continent: and .that we trust President Polk will reiterate the policy of Pres,dent Monroe as t„ resisting European in terference and that in our opinion the mighty mission of the American Union requires she should not permit the despotisms of the Old Wor d to overwhelm the principle of Republican liberty, whilst strugglmg into full life on this con tinent. it “./,T/Pr,/1'«7 !’at WP a modification of the tariff of 1842; and it, regulating a tariff we recogmsc hut. „ne pr.nciple-the collection of sufficient revenue to pay the expenses ofan renno mtcal administration of the Government; that we are opposed to monopolies of all kinds, and amongst the rest th„ Iariff m„n,ip„|„ w|,i(.() enriches the manufacturing interests at the px peose of the Commercial and agricultural inter ests; that the great mass of consumers are com polled, under the present system, to pay heavy taxes to fill the pickets of rich capitalists; and that equal and exact justice demands that no W !•>*»"’" hp had to protect one class whilst it robs another; that in our opinion a tariff pro perly arranged, should impose the lowest rate of doty on article* of foreign imports that will raise1 tne required amount of revenue “ Revived, That we are in f«tmr of a separa tion of tbo moneys of the United States from the —tmpap—> * banking interests of the country ; and ns we have n>* duubt but President P«»lk will recummend an Independent Treasury for the United States, we alsti Impe that Governor Wiiglit will in like man ner recommend the separation ot the moneys of this Empire State from the unnatural, unjust, and dangerous connection with the hanking inter ests of the State—believing the establishment of an Independent 'Treasury for the State and Gen eral Government calculated to protect the rights of the toiling millions from the avarice of the ra pacious few.*’ SURRENDERING THE QUESTION. The Tree Press, an influential Whig paper published at Selma, copies at length the late letter of Mr. McDuffie on the subject of the 'Tariff, and among other comments noon it says: “ The rea son lor protection having ceased for the Govern ment, to give it any longer to a particular class of labor would he a fraud upon the country at large.” W hat the “ Free Press” means by “ the re a son for protection having ceased for the Govern ment, we do nut exactly comprehend. Amongst the many reasons which have been urged upon Congress hy the manufacturers, for the adoption of the protective policy, was this, that American manufactures were in their infancy, and could nolv he sustained and built up by the aid of the Government The argument was never a valid one. |t was not one upon which the constitution al action of Congress could he predicated. And even if the facts stated were then true—that these infant manufacturers could only he sustained hy the protective aid of Congress, it is no longer so. I hroitgi) the influence of this protective system, they have grown in strength, wealth, and inflo enre. until it is doubtful whether they cannot now command the action of Congress, and even without that aid, cannot successfully compete with the world. Hence the *• Free Press.” though an able and influential Whig piper, has the candor to admit, that if ihe protective system lie conPnued upon the ground of such a plea, it “ would he a fraud upon Ihe cnunln/ al lares." And although this is the opinion of many Whig presses, of many of the Whig party, and of a vasi majority of the American people, yet douhts are •daily expressed as to whether the approaching Congress will abandon the protective policy. We shall express no doubt upon the subject ; hut we wait with some curiosity to scp whether the Rep msentatives of Hie people w ill continue a system, which candid Whigs themselves admit “ would be a fraud upon the country.”—Constitution. From the Marlboro* (Md.) Gazette. HORTICULTURAL. Hear Sir :—Being under the impression that a large majority of yunr readers feel a deep inter est in the cultivation of fine Fruits, I have been induced to offer the annexed compendium, which they will find in Some measure In serve as a guide to them in making their future selections JOHN II. BAYNE. HINTSON THECITLTORR ANDSELEC TION OF FHUITS. The congeniality of our climate, appropriate ness ot soil, and facilities for transportation pre sent great inducements for the formation of exien sive orchards, and for enriching our gardens with the choicest productions. It is not proposed, within the narrow limits here allowed, to give more than a summary of this voluminous subject. The lists herewith presented embrace some of the most superb varieties, anil those which we have proved upon specimen trees under our observa tion. They can therefore he confidently recom mended as abundantly sufficient for those wlm cultivate either fur home consumption nr for ex purtation. The numerous markets which are made acces sihle by raidrnads and navigation render the Ap rt.E one of the most valuable fruits. The apple will grow and produce abundantly upon any soil nut too retentive of moisture. Fall is the season in this latitude to be preferred fur planting out the apple, and indeed all other fruit trees. As a general rule in planting the apple, (and the same holds good with regard toother trees.) dig the holes lor the reception of the trees three fern an.I upwards in diameter, according to the size of the roots, and from twelve to eighteen inches deep._ The subsoil should be removed, and the holes re filled with rich earth and rotted manure, well in corporated. Observe to avoid the great error of planting ton deep; trees should he planted hut little or no deeper than thpy originally stood in the nursery. In order to form straight and hand some trees, and to facilitate their rooting, it is ad visible to fasten each tree to a stake firmly set in thp hole at the time of planting. The vibrating influence of winds is thereby prevented. The following list will he found ample for all purposes, viz: Benoni, Early Harvest. Maiden's Blush, Porter. York Rnsselting. Beall Flower. Mon month Pippin, iEsufus Spitzenhurg, Baldwin, Holden Ball. Lady Apple, Lite Pound Sweet mg. Roxbury Rnsselting, Winter Catlin, Newton Pippin. I he Peach.— I hta most luscious and anrpas singly bcnuiifol fruit flourishes in a loam nr sandy soil, but will accommodate itself to any soil kept loose by repeated cultivation. The following va rietiesare recommended, viz; Early Red Rnre ripe. Coo ledge's Favorite, Early Crawford. F.arly R>yal George, Crosse Mignonne, Presi d.*n», Washington Free, Malta. Red Cheek Malhca'nne. Old Mixon Free and Cling. Craw f'T.I’s f,ate Malac.ifone, Pine Apple. Smock I' ’pe, Tippecanoe, Rodman’s Cling, Mammoth Blood, Fate Heath. Pr.u.MS—The plum is a delicious fruit; some are very superior for preserves and others valua hie for drying. It flourishes in a deep rich loam, hut will conform itself to almost any soil but a wet clayey one. In some districts of Country the carculm proves very destructive to tbe plum as well ns all smooth skinned fruits, which are per formed hv the insect in the young slate, and the egg is deposited, which soon hatches into a Worm, and causes the fruit to drop prematurely. Va rious modes have been recommended to obviate the attack of this insect. The most effectual preventives are paving the ground to the circum ference of the branches; planting the trees in lanos, poultry yards, in situations where tbe ground is trodden, or where the hog can have ac cess to the fallen fruit, and thereby dpstroy the insert in its larva state. The following is a list of splendid varieties, viz: R'*yal Hitive R ,ya|^ dr* Tour. Green Gige, Reine Clmdette Violette Prince Imperial Gage, Buhner's Washington. Diamond, Semiana, Duane Purple. Cue’s Gulden Prars —the recent introduction of the mag- i nifieent varieties originated by the immortal Van Mon«, together with the fine seedlings poulticed in England and this country, have givm a new impulse to the cultivation of this froit. Some of the varieties keep in perfect order during the win ter, sod are most exquisitely flavored One very important characteristic which some of tbieej modem vtmtit* posses* is. that they produce foil ••MMaaMlMMHMHaMMaaHaMMMaMaaMiap crops at a very early period. The pear is coining into extensive cultivation, and will uodmiht prove n source of great revenue. Some superb varieties will he found embraced in this .list, viz: Citron des Cannes, Jargonelle, Julienne, Beurre B<>se, Cushing, Duchess d’Angunleme, Rot de W'ur tenihurg. Macon’s Incomparable, Louis Bonne de Jersey, Napoleon, Bartlett, Seek1**. Van Mon’s Leon le Clerk, Boerre d’Aremberg. Beurre Diel, Glnux Moreeau, Beurre Ranee, Passe Colmar, Easier Beurre, VVinler Nelis. Cherries will aecomni'Mlate themselves to any soil. The bpst varieties arp, Knight’s F.irly Black. Davenport's Black, Black Tartarian. Black Eagle, Napoleon Bigarrenu, May Duke, Kentish Duke. Apricots —The cultivation and management of this fruit are so analogous to the plum and peach that the same directions will apply to all. Best varieties aw the Large Early, Moorpark, and Peach Apricot. Quince.— I’he quince is most productive and hears the finest fruit when tdanted in moist soil. Best varieties are the Large Grange, Pear shaped, and Portugal. Grape.— I his vine prefers a deep, light, rich loam. The heal varieties for cultivation in fhiu country are natives. The following are recom mended. viz: Caiawha, hnhella, Elsenhurg, Scappernnng, and the Ohio Grape. Strawberries.—’This must delicious, whole some. and highly esteemed fruit, delights in a deep sandy loam. The following varieties are mo«t confidently recommended as being prodttc i live, large, high flavored, and every way desira | hie to the cultivator, viz: Bayne’s Extia Early Scarlet, Virginia Scarlet, Hovev’s Seedling. Hudson Bay, Sotiihhorotigh Seedling, Down tun, &c. ITEMS. Five persons, consisting of Mr. Thomas Miller, two suns, and two daughters, were taken with in sanity. one day last week, at Pine Grove, Pa._ No cause of this singular event, was discovered. German newspaper printed in this country are forbidden to he read hy the inhabitants of Germany, and an order has been transmitted to this country forbidding their entrance into the German prov inces. When the philanthropic British capture a sla ver, they send the captives to Brazil, where they are sold to pay expenses, and become slavps for ever. Yet Mr. Bull can’t bear the taste of slave grown sugar. The ppople of Thnmasfnn. Me , give queer names to their politicians. The Native* are rai led Quantihnrooks. the Democrats Peeps, and the Abolitionists Yellow legs. ^ A subscriber of the Cross and Journal, (an Episcopal piper.) in forwarding hy letter the pay for one year, in advance, says: I wish to pay for mv paper in advance. f..r / never like to read an editor's paper so ire// as 1 do mi/ men. A full grown deer, only e.ischl inches high. has been brought to England from Java. |t j* of the species called mmise deer ; is perfectly domesti cated, and is a very interesting animal. It is the only one in England. An exchange paper stairs that the amount paid to the^ Otfi u*rs of the N ivy, while “ waiting or ders,” or absent on leave, was §350,000 in” four years. Oneofonr missionaries at Siam, states that one of the princes of Siam has a son named George W ashingtun. Rather an odd name in that conn try. A young lady bping severely censured hy her mother because she had permitted a young man to give her a kiss, replied. •* La, mother, if you will say no more about it, I will give back to him to morrow.” The People of Lee Co., Iowa, have m public meeting resolved that the Mormons must leave that county. A Texas gentlemen, now in Europe, writes that a colony of 15,000 Swiss are preparing to leave their country and settle in Texas this fall. 'Fhe great gnn recently constructed in England ; for the U. S. steamer Princeton has arrived at New York in the picket ship Skiddy. There are. by courtesy, no old maids in France. Those who don’t drown themselves, adopt the ti tle of Madame, and pass for widows. i Cider or malt liquor may he prevented from be coming sour by adding throe pounds of toasted bread to a barrel. This has been tried with com plete success. Somebody thinks that Jonah was one of the first unfortunate speeulatois, because lie was one of tho first to bo sucked in. It is the same with liberty as with innocence | and happiness : he only ran be sensible of its ad ; vantages, who enjoy* it himself. y\ white man. named William Fisbr. has heen arrested at St. Louis, who was just pushino off in a skiff with a slave. The Penny Post was established in London by a retired undertaker, by the name of Murray, in in the year 1083. II you want make a sober man a drunkard. give him a wile that will scold him every time ho j comes home. F.ight grains of prepared chalk, with twngrains I of powdered rhubarb, given in a little syrup, or gruel, is said to bean efficacious cure for the hiccup. I -: From the Richmond Star. TO A LADY WITH A BUSTLE. When woman was made. In Scripture Mis 8/id, No blemish in her could be found ; The grace of nature Adorned the sweet creature, And modesty circled her rosnd. No ornament then, To gull the poor men, Were user! hy the beautiful dame, But crracclul and fair She then did appear, As first from t>cr Maker site came. Her daughter* I’ll own, Much wiser have grown, And now they can manage with bran, To form a new hump So exceedingly plump, To tickle the fancy of man. I never yet gue*scd I On what it could rest, Though often I've looked at the creature; But this 1 can swear, That something Hcs there, 'I hat form* quite a prominent feature. O • who ran refuse Two bustles to use, 'I hen l* auty with comfort's combined ; Then fie on before j Just on> bustle Moae, To ba'ance the one that’s skmikd.