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THE NEW ERA.
What is it but a Map of busy Life?- Cowpcr. PORTSMOUTH. V \ . SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 18 16. OUR FLAG! FREE TRADE-LOW DUTIES NO DEHT -RE PA RATION FROM BANKS ECONOMY RE TRENCH M ENT— ANI) STRICT AI) 11ERKNCE TO THE CONSTITUTION. !CF*G«nt1emen—your brilliant Star—named " The Richmond”—has not yet found ils way to our table. What is the reason, friends? THE MAMMOTH CAVE. Wo Rive, to-day, a splendid poem from tbo pen of Prentice, of the Louisville Journal, descriptive of this wondcrfpl Cave in the Slate of Kentucky. If Prentice was not such a bitter, unprincipled whig as he is, ho would be the most popular, as he is one of tho most talented poets in the coun try. THE DISMAL SWAMP ON FIRE. This Swamp is again on fire, and has been for several days, and last evening the atmosphere in this vicinity was thick with the smoke of the burning Juniper. When, last summer, we ques tioned the correctness of Mr. Espy’s theory of large fires producing rains, we were told that high winds must not be an accompaniment. Well, we have the fire without the wind, and yet we have no signs of rain, for weeks and weeks. Last night about 9 o’clock the wind came out lightly from the North, and cleared off the smoke, when the whole southern heavens showed themselves gorgeously illuminated by the fires that were rao •in the Swamp. IMPORTANT PETITIONS. There are two important petitions now before the citizens of this town, which it behooves every resident to critically examine. The first relates to a proposition to pay the debt which is impend ing over the property of the town, and which hangs like a dark cloud of fearful omen over its advancement and business prosperity ; for those who own property cannot hope to induce capital or trade to centre here, while heavy taxes are Teady to swallow up whatever comes within its vortex, and having brought the misfortune upon ourselves, it is but right, proper and tnanlv, that we should free ourselves from the bonds. The second is of as much, if not more, impor tance than the first, as it will materially aid in producing the results calculated on in the first pe tition ; it will also give us the control of our own property, secure to us a local government, formed of those who are closely and intimately connected with us in business and interest, and above all secure to us the speedy administration of justice, while it will leave the town and county free and untrammelled with conflicting interests, to pursue that system <tf measures, which each may think most conducive to their prosperity and advance ment. YVe hope that this latter petition may re ceive the unanimous signatures of the town, in cluding all parties. Indeed, it ought not be made a party measure, as all are interested in consum mating the incorporation. WONDERFUL OPERATION. Our son, who has just returned from Rich mond, inform us, that an extraordinary tumor was extracted from a man’s arm, in Richmond, while the patient was-in the mesmeric state, under the influence of Prof. De Bonneville, without any sensible pain to the subject, and which was un known to him after the sleep was thrown off, un til he was informed of it. Mr. De Bonneville himself writes : “ F labl night magnetised a gen tleman before seventy persons, when a ohirurgi cal operation was performed on him by Dr. Hen dree, nssisted by Dr. Thomas and Dr. Mills, of Richmond. The operation was the cutting oflf a 1 very largo tumor from the fore part of the left arm. The patient was immoveable daring the operation; his features remained like wax; his j poise did not vary much. Every thing went off ! admirably well. Y'ictory. Clairvoyance is tri- I nmphant.” We rqjoice in his success, as well as j in the triumph of truth, which was so roughly I treated by Dr. Warner, and his friends some short ' time since in that city. We have not much cre dulity, but we cannot help thinking that “the seventy” spoken of by De Bonneville, will per form the same office for mesmerism in Richmond, that the seventy disciples sent out, instructed by our Savior,did for Christianity—establish the TRUTH. THE NORTH CAROLINA STANDARD. We feel pleased in announcing the fact that the enterprising and sterling democratic editor of the Standard, published in Raleigh, has issued his Proposals for publishing his paper semi weekly, and we wish Mr. llolden all manner of success. h it not singular that there is not now, and never has been, any other than weekly papers published in that Stale. That therp has not been dailies is owing to the fact that there are no overgrown towns, “sores on the body politic,” as Mr. Jeffer son would call them formed and corrupting the masses. The people* are spread over the face of the country, engaged principally in the pursuits of agriculture. The vast accumulation of im portant matter, however, we should think, would make a semi-weekly visitant agreeablo to the North Carolinians. THE SOUTHERN AND WESTERN MAGAZINE. Wc are pleased to acknowledge the November number of this Review, which will, ere long, be merged in the JAlernry Messenger. The con tents ate varied and as interesting as usual, if not superior to those what has heretofore preceded it. Among the many interesting articles it contain-!, our attention was particularly drawn to " No. 5, The Temperance Question.” There are many things in this article to which the advocates <,f Temperance are obnoxious; but much, which d'<cs injustice to tho cause, its advocates and sulTerinir humanity generally. The writer of that article will become, if he is not now, a confirmed toper. It required not the editor’s assertion to let us know that the writer was not of a southern meri dian—tho ear marks show it to emanate from the city of New York. We are pleased to see that the editor of the Review enters his disclaimer against tho opinions of his correspondent, and promises to discuss the subject hereafter. We shall look with anxiety for Mr. Simms article on this great moral reformation, as we are certain he will do it ample justice. CONVENTION. 'The Memphis Conuention, according to the “ Appeal.” met on the 12th instant, and appoint ed a committe to select their officers. The following is the number of Delegates as vet announced to be in attendance : From Ten nessc, 197; Kentucky, 7; Arkansas, 12; Mis sissippi, 125; Missouri, 45; Alabama, 10; South Carolina, 7 ; North Carolina, l; Illinois, 16; In diana, 4 ; Texas, 3. VERY LATE FROM SOUTH AMERICA. The barque Meteor, Capl. Jenny, from Rio do Janeiro, with advices to the 6th nit., arrived at New York on Wednesday evening. The Emperor and Empress of Brazil were to sail on the 6th for Rio Grande, in the Brazilian frigate Constitution, attended by the U. S. frigate Raritan and a small Brazilian fleet. 1 he U. S. sloop of-war Cyane arrived at Rio on the 5th, from Norfolk. All well. It appears that the French and English squad rons were blockading Buenos Ayres, and were de termined to bring Rosas to close quarters. Ves sels bound thither were compelled to make Mon tevideo their port until hostilities had ceased. AN UNFORTUNATE AFFAIR. If I lit? following story (which the editor of the Picayune gleans from a Havana paper called El Padilla) ho true, (ireat Britain has ample cause to blush for the ruffianly and brutal conduct of some of her officers. Outrage upon the seas in those latitudes are by no means uncommon occur rences, but it is very rare that wo hear of one so gross in all its leading features as this:_ “ W e road in El Padilla of yesterday that a passenger who arrived here on the last trip of the Titi. reports that news was received at Havana the day before her sailing of a serious collision between the .Spanish and English at Vera Cruz. His story is that an English frigate entered the anchorage ground at Sacrificins, and anchored near the Spanish brig of war El Patriota. In exchang ing salutes, two men were killed on board the brig, a gun of the frigate having carelessly been left shotted. 'I'lie Spanish officer who was sent to communicate the unfortunate occurrence to the Englishman, and to inquire into the cause of the catastrophe, was treated with rudeness so marked that lie was compelled to withdraw. Another of ficer was sent for an explanation of this rudeness, and of the original outrage, hut ho too was re ceived with insult. Upon this the Spaniard set sail, and in passing the frigate discharged a broad side, and pursuing its course, biought to, outside the anchorage, with a design apparently of indu cing the English to a fight. This is said to have caused a great stir at Havana, and several vessels of war were preparing to sail for Vera Cruz at once. This is the passengers’ report, or the sub stance of it; how true it may be is another affair. I’lie editor of El Padilla seems skeptical of it.” Trememdous Street-Fioiit!—The poet of the Brooklyn Advertiser, inspired by the thrilling1 character of the scene, thus describes in Homeric heroics, a battle between two individuals often sfen in the streets of other cities as well as that: The modest morn with blushes pav’d the way To usher in the trloriotia gotl of day ; 'I he beauteous flowers with copious dews were wet, And all spoke joyous peace—when, lo ! there met Two porkers, grunting thunder, while their backs Swell’d high with furious fcelinsr, and the tracks Of each proud champion bent toward the foe— Each hostile movement dignified and slow: They close at. length, in battle dnrk and fierce, And ont poll’d t’other by his flabby ears, Ami t’other pulls the other by the tail, So that he utters forth a piercing wail. Now fiercer grows the fight, and all around The froth and bristles deck the trembling ground, Till thinking wisely fighting was no fun, One gave a grunt, and shook his tail and run ! _ Didymus. From the. Philadelphia Keystone. CONGRESSIONAL GLOBE. W e give place to the following articles from the Mihvaukie Courier andJNew York Globe,* and would say that we mainly agree with them in the remarks which they have deemed it expedient to make. It is onr opinion, too, that Messrs. Blair Sc Rives, who occupied so prominent a position as the administration organ at Washington some years since and have made a golden fortune by the especial favor of the democratic party should now withdraw. They have had their day, and no true democrat ever harped at the success with which the Globe met in those days of her good fortune. Now that they have, by special contract, given to the proprietors of the “ Un ion” their succession in the newspaper business and their special good will, we think that their attempt to compete with them in the publica tion of a “ Congressional Globe,” and in the pub lic printing, as some say is llicir intention, is not altogether lair and honorable. In this matter, we hold it to he the duty of the Democratic members, at Washington, to sustain | ihe Union. They should faithfully stand by the : central Democratic organ of the party, and enable it to strive successfully against, those who seek to destroy its influence. Mr. Ritchie is an old and gallant soldier in the Democratic ranks, has not hpen hlpssed with any adequate remuneration for his services, is now doing his duty faithfully, and will, we trust, he duly remembered by the Re publican party in Congress. * These articles have already appeared in the New Kra — filitor. Tennessee.—On the Gth instant. Governor Brown sent a message to the Legislature iri which he recommends the entire abolition of the punish ment or death, the erection of a new Penitentia ry, a liberal system of public education, to en roiirage.ment of internal improvements the charter ed companies, the punctual payment nf the in terest on the State debt, (which is estimated at $3,000.000.) the creation of a sinking fund to ex tingoish the debt, and a re organs lion of the State Bank of Tcnnossee. Robert B. Turner (I)em.) has been elected Slate Treasurer, by a majority of two votes. Knelt Mouse of the Legis lature has ititorinally appointed a delegation to the Memphis convention.—Ledger. From the Philadelphia Ledger. TIIK ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE. In all great crimes, the administration of jus tice has become, in our great cities, a contempti ble farce, or a contrivance for the impunity «f a criminal. It is difficult to convict a man of rape, and almost impossible to convict man or woman ot murder, in New York. Philadelphia or Haiti more. The late trial in Baltimore for an outrage upon a German girl, was a disgrace to the juris prudence of a civilized country. Equally so have been many trials for treason, murder, riot and ar son in our city. Equally so have been the two trials of Polly Hodine in New York, and equally so will bo the third trial, if ever the court can empanel a jury. The jury will disagree, ^of course; then her “ long confinement and sulTer ing” will he brought before the public for sympa thy’. and she will he acquitted. Or if the Gov ernor will promise to pardon her, she may be con victed under that promise, and turned loose to commit new noorders. One difficulty in collecting a jury is produced by the absurd question authorized by tho law, “ have you formed an opinion in the case?” An affirmative answer excludes the juror. \Ve pro nounce this question absurd, and fitted to defeat justice. In every case of discovered crime, some account of it is circulated, in print or conversa tion ; anil upon such an account, every tnan of common sense must “ form an opinion.” Upon thp account before him, lie must say to himself, “ if this account he true, the accused is,or is not, guilty.” He cannot escape a conclusion, though he may add, “ but 1 will suspend my judgment till l hear more.” And is a man who is thus ne cessarily, by a law of rnind, driven to a concltu sion upon an account stated, incompetent to any new opinion of the case upon additional evidence? In other words, because he has reached a conclu sion upon a verbal or printed account without au thority, is he incompetent to another and more correct opinion upon judicial evidence? Because he has founded an opinion upon a part of the ease, is he unable to found an enlightened and honest opinion upon the whole? The doctrine contradicts all human experience, and all sound mental philosophy. I lie proper question is, “ are you open to con viction upon tho evidence that shat I be laid before you, notwithstanding any opinion which you may have founded upon what you may have already read or lipard of tho case 1 If he answer this question affirmatively, he is a competent juror ac cording to common sense, if not according to pre sent legal technicalities; for be says, substantial ly, “ iny opinions founded upon exp nr It state ments will not prevent me from attentively hear ing and impartially hearing and impartially weigh ing the evidence to he presented judically, and to hear and judge which attentively and honestly, I shall he under oath and affirmation.” The ex isting rule of evidence is founded on the hypothe sis. that the human mind, having reached one opinion upon a case, cannot, upon any new evi dence reach another; a hypothesis involving an absurdity. And this rule is the very thing most desirable to criminals, as it increases the difficul ties in finding honest and intelligent jurors. A man who has not formed some opinion upon a re port of crime in his own vicinage, his own coun try, must be too stupid to form an intelligent opin ion in the jury-box, or too much out of the world to be trusted with the judgment of things trans piring within it. Men fit for juries are those who have some business to mind, and none wil lingly' leave their business for the jury-box. Hut this stupid question opens a wide door for their escape from the duty; for any man of common sense will form an opinion upon what he hat heard, if it will discharge him from the duty of forming an opinion upon what he has yet to hear. Hard Times.—The Boston Traveller predicts that “hard times” are coming, and says the wholesale dealers of that city have of late been called to lose, in repeated instances, large amounts by the failure of country customers. It has heard of very few failures, but says they must come, if the country merchants continue thus to draw on the large dealers. This is a singular cry to hear now, when the sounds of active business and of prosperity are heard on every side. The Boston dealers, perhaps, in their desire to monopolise trade, have been a little too eager to secure cus tomers. and not exercised due caution in their credits. Some other cities suffered some in the same way a few years ago, but experience has taught a better policy, anti doubtful customers either have to cash up or go to Boston—Ledger. A Most Brutal Murder.—A little girl, named Cobbler, about fifteen years of age, near Grenada, Miss., was murdered, about two wepks since, under the most outrageous circumstance.— She was shot as she sat at work at her mother's feet, at a late hour of the night. Suspicion fell upon a man named Peppers, who was soon ar rested and taken before the Mayor. Sufficient evidence was found to bind him over to court._ But, during tlm night, the father in law of the girl was suspected also as partieeps criminit. lie, too, early next day, was before the Mayor, who also committed him. It seems that Peppers had sold Cobbler some whiskey for pigs, and that ; the pigs belonged to the deceased ; that she claim ed them, and that night Cobbler shot the poor creature. Judicial Despatch amojto the Ciiero-I ' itr.r.s.—We find it stated in the Cherokee Advo cate. that several years ago, shortly after a regu lar judiciary system wa9 first established among the r.astern fyherokees, a trial for murder was a ; mong the first cases brought before one of the Cir cuM Judges. A jury was sworn, and the prisoner, i a Crpel, Indian, arraigned at the bar. who, in re ply to the usual interrogatory, guilty or not guil ty. pleaded guilty ; whereupon his honor, without ; further proceedings, addressing the minister of i the law, said, “ Here. Sheriff, take this man out, ] hv jing. and /tong him till he’s dead as h—II.” : I was done. I his was judicial despatch and no i mistake. — I A villi an, on 'I uesday night, went under the I stern of the schooner Packet, of Beverly. lying j off Union \\ harf, in our harbor, and cut a way a quarter of beef hanging therjefrom. He was i hotly pursued, but contrived to make his escape, j Portland Argus. A gentleman of fashionable exterior and “ pol ! i*hed address.’ who rides in his carriage, keeps a princely establishment, and gives splendid soirees nightly on the strength of large endorsements land unbounded credits, fails in his business, and thus defrauds his creditors to the amount of some millions of dollars—often involving a number of honest men in his own *• ruin.” A few weeks afterward, the bankrupt merchant comes out as magnificently as before, and society once more receives him within her cordial embrace. He is not dishonest ; he only failed—was unfortunate —nothing more. But let some starving wretch. With the most abject poverty speaking"from his tattered clothes, and famine glaring from his hol low eyes, bo detected in the theft of a piece of meat—which all his entreaties could not heg from his fellow creatures, and straightway he is branded a villi an, and a hue-and-cry is raised, which does not subside until the object of it is captured and lodged between four stone walls for bis villainy. Which does our friend of the Port land Argus consider the greater villain—he who brings his best friend to the brink of ruin, while ho' himself, by some chicanery of the law, re mains uninjured—or that poor, wo-begone, heart broken fellow, who, to satisfy the cravings of our common nature, takes from bis brother man, who can well afford it, a handful of uncooked meat? —JV. F. Tribune. THATTARNAL RAILROAD. AS SPOKEN AT THE FUt.TON INSTITUTE. Je whiticans, whew! VVal, just manufacture me up into a double refined spinning jenny, and set me agoing in fifty acres of cotion, if ever I come across such a rarin, tarin, ripping, snorting, double-revolving piece of machinery, from crea lion down to iny most marvellous deliverance just now, as the one which give me chase down your railroad. I beam some time ago there was such doings going on at the “ Fulton Institute,” so as l like tilings that open rich, I made things about right round hum, and broke for here.—I come across through the country, and struck your rail road, and was playing it down at about four knots the hour. Now, I had hearn tell of locomotives, but never dreamed of seeing one alive and kick ing; but about twomiles from here, I hearn some thing behind me coffin, sneezing and thundering, and 1 looked around ; sure enough here she come right down after me, pawing the airth up and splitting the road wide open, with more smoke and fire a flyin than or’to come out of a hundred burning mountains, with about a dozen wagons foltorin arter her, and to save her tarnal black, smoky, noisy neck, she couldn’t get clear of them. I don’t know whether they scared her up or no, but here she come foaming at the mouth—with her teeth chock full of burnin’ red hot coals, and she pitched right straight at me as if she was going into me like a thousand brick—I couldn’t stand it any longer, 60 I wheeled around and broke down the road and began to make the gravel fly in every direction No sooner had I done that than she split right after me, and every jump I made she squeeled like a thousand wild cats!_ She begin to gain on me cornin’ up a little hill, but we come round a pint to a straight level in the road. Now, thinks I, I’ll give you ginger, as I am great on a dead level, so I pulled to it and soon got myself under full speed ; thpn she began to yelp and howl and cough and stamp and come on full chizel, and made the hul airth shake._ Rut I kept on before her, bouncing at the rate of twenty feet every hop, till l got to a turn of the road, and I was under such headway that I couldn’t turn, so I tumbled head over heels down a bank by a house and landed with my head and shoulders co-smolick right into a swill barrel, and my feet stuek out behind, and up in the air!_ Just at the time the locomotive found I had o-ot away from it, it commenced spitting hot waTer into me, and just literly spattered all over the part of me that was left sticking out of the barrel. I tho’t in my soul that Mount Vesuvious has bursted some place in the neighborhood. But do you suppose I staid there long? No, Sir! I just walked right through that barrel and come out the other end so quick that it really looked ashamed of itself. Now, here I am, a rale self-propelling double revolving locomotive Snolly Goster, ready to at tack anything but a combination of Thunder light ning-srnoke-railroad iron, and hot water. I’d like for some of your gals to give me a chance to play Hop Scotch among your hearts, and if I don’t play the sw'ill barrel game by walking right strait thro’ your tarnal prejudices into your young affections, then help me Jozey.— Cincinnati Commercial. AMERICAN FACTS. It is among the worst omens of tho clay, remarks the Philadelphia North American, that we have in the United States nonational feeling; no gen uine love of country. The traveller in other lands finds every where the institutions and pro ductions of a people prized by themselves, though they may he condemned by strangers. Here the order is changed. If any work in literature, art, or science, is by an American, it is set down by a mob of gentlemen who talk of such matters a9 altogether worthless, or as deserving a favorable regard only on account of its resemblance to some thing foreign. YVe recite a few facts, admitted by all the world abroad, for the benefit of this sort of people. Imprimis: The greatest man, “ take him for all in all,” of the last hundred years, was George Washington, an American. The greatest natural philosopher was Benjamin Franklin, an American. The greatest of living sculptors is Hiram Pow ers. an American. The greatest of living poets is William Cullen Bryant, an American. The greatest of living historians is William II. Prescott, an American. The greatest living ornithologist is John James Audubon, an American. The greatest living painter, in portraiture, is Henry Inman, an American. There has been no English writer in the present age, whose works have been marked with more humor, more refinement, or more grace, than those of Washington Irving, an American, The greatest lexicographer and philologist, since tho lime of Johnson, was Noah \Vebster,mi American. The inventors, whoso works have been produc tive of the greatest amount of happiness to man kind, in the last ce/itnry, were Godfrey, Fitch, j Fulton, and Whitney—all .Americans. If one of these facts or estimates is doubted, we ^ can prove them by foreign authorities, and so ' prevent all controversy. Squaring Account*.— A short timo since, one of the beadles of N-took a quantity of j butter from a countryman because it deficient in ' weight; and meeting him a few days after in j a public house, said to him, You’re the man ' I took the 20 pounds of butter from the other ! day.’ ‘ No, I bean’l replied Hodge. ‘ | am sure j you sre,’ says the beadle, * I tell you I hean’t.’ j replied the countryman, ‘and if thou likes I’ll j lea thee guinea on’t.’ ‘ Dope/ replied tho beadle, and the money wasqi^Mfly posted. ‘Now.’ says the countryman, ‘limit did take 20 lumps of butter from me, bnt if/fhey had been pounds, you’d have no right 1/take ’em ; and this,’ con tinued he, very r'willy pocketing the money, ' will just pay me for the Isss of the butter .’ 1 RADD ON THE POOR — It is sn id n „rp pari of the barrels of Flour, sold in Massachusetts are deficient in weight. Some of them fall 8h0» twenty pounds, or more. A gentleman, ap„a reotly well informed in the matter, has calcolat' ed. froth facts that have come to his knowledge that a ceriain flouring establishment saves at least S3.G00 a year in this way. Many others, there is reason to believe, save in equal proportion _ Eve. Trav. A barrel of flour should weigh 196 lbs., exclu sive of the barrel, which should weigh 18 lbs* and consumers would do well to examine bv weight when purchasing. Any weight short of -I f los., including the barrel, mny safely be but down as fraudulent. Establishments which are in the habit of defrauding the public by this ex cessively mean system of swindling, should be shown up to disgrace, and we hope the Traveller will not fear to make known such facts as it niav be possessed of.—Boston Eagle. I lie remarks often made that prisoners oi trial for crime were “ unmoved, indifferent, un feeling &c ” are not based on a correct view o the philosophy of the human heart. The reaaoi why they appear to be unmoved often is. that al the sympathies of their hearts are paralyzed - Weeping would be a relief to them—but thei sorrow is too deep to admit nf it. Wrho know the sufferings of which the human soul is capa ble?—Hartford Courant. Ql'EST10N8 and answers in engineering DRAUGHTING, GEOMETRY, &C.—Q. What is the ohjpct of science ? A. To know how to put the • big licks ’ in when you get into a slreet fight. Q. Describe the instrument and manner of looking through the glass. A- The instrument is a glass tube of a cylin drical form, open at one end only. It is filled with a mixture of aqua vita: and aqua pura — 1 he operator grasps it in his right hand—lilts it to his lips—decants the liquid down his throat, and objects may then be distinctly seen through the bottom of the turn—I mean, the instrument. Q. What do you understand by an elevation? A. Getting high. Q. flow could you best obtain a ground eleva tion ? A. By getting up an earthquake I should ima gme. Q. How can you form a circle? A. When two of us get quarreling, wo ‘ make a ring ’ and ‘ have it out.’ Q. Describe an arc. A. An arc was an instrument found very ser viceable by Noah during the rainy season. Like saltpetre, it also preserved Ham. Q. What is a sine ? A. A man’s name on a board, to point out his place of business. Q. A co-sine ? A. The same with the addition of Co. to indi cate a partnership. Q. What is a tangent? A. A gentleman who keeps a tannery. Instructor. The pupil may step down. He has passed an excellent examination. From the Louisville Journal. MAMMOTH CAVE. BY GEORGE D. PRENTICE. All day, as clay is reckoned on the earth I’ve wandered in these dim and awful aisles V7?.u'i l1” ,hc >),ue and breezy done of Heaven VVl,'Je thoughts, wild, drear, and shadowy, have Across my awe struck soul, like spectres o’er The wizard’s magic glass, or thunder clouds 0 cr the blue waters of the deep. And now I’ll ait me down upon yon broken reck To muse upon the strange and solemn things 01 this mysterious realm. ” „ , , , All day my steps Have been amid the beautiful, the wild, The gloomy, the terrific. Chrystal founts Almost invisible in their serene And pure transparency—high, pillar’d domes \\ Uh stars and flowers all fretted like the halls tit Oriental monarchs—rivers dark And drear and voiceless as oblivion’s stream That flows through death’s dim vale of silence gulfs All fathomless, down which the loosened rock Plunges until its far off echoes come Fainter and fainter like. the. dying roll Of thunders in the distance—Stygian pools Whose agitated waves give hack a sound Holiow and dismal, like the sullen roar In the volcano’s depths—these, these have left Their spell upon me, and their memories Have passed into my spirit, and are now Blent with my being till they seem a part Of my own immortality. ., .. ... God’s hand. At the creation, bellowed out this vast Domain of darkness, where nor herb nor flower „ cr sprang amid the sands, nor dews nor rains Nor blessea sunbeams fell with fieshcning power. Nor gentle breeze its Eden message told Amid the dreadful gloom. Six thousand years Swept o er the earth ere human foot-prints marked I his subterranean desert. Centuries Like shadows came and passed, and not a sound Was in this realm, save when at intervals, In the long lapse of ages, some hus-e mass Ol overhanging rock fell thundering down, t a echoes sounding through these corridors A moment, and then dying in a hush Of silence such as brooded o’er the earth '^uC jearth wa8 chaoB* The great mastodon, I The dr- aded monster of the elder world Passed o’er this mighty cavern and his tread Bent the old forest oaks like fragile reeds And made Earth tremble—Armies in their pride Perchance have met above it in the shock Of war with shout and groan and clarion blast. And the hosrse echoes of the thunder gun_ The storm, the whirlwind, and the hurricane Have roared above it; and the bursting cloud Sent down its red and crashing thunder-bolt_ Earthquakes have trampled o’er it in their wrath. Rocking Earth’s surface as the storm wind rocks I he old Atlantic—yet n® sound of these E’er came down to the everlasting depths Of these dark solitudes. How oft we gazo With awe or admiration on the new And unfamiliar, but pass coldly by The lovelier and the mightier ! Wonderful Is this lone world of darkness and of gloom. Hot far more wonderful yon outer world Lit by the glorious sun. These arches swell •Sublime in lone and dim magnificence. But how eublimer Cod’s blue canopy Beleagured with his burning cherubim, Keeping their watch eternal ! Beautiful Are all the thousand snow white geim that lie In these mysterious chambers gleaming out Amid the melancholy gloom,and wild These rocky hills and cliffs, and gulfs, but far More wonderful and wild the things that greet The wanderer in our world of light—the stars Floating on high like islahds of the bleat— The autumn sunset glowing like the gate Of far off Paradise—the gorgeous clouds On which the glories of earth and sky Meet and commingle—Earth’s unnumbered flowers All turning up their gentle eyes to Heaven— I he birds, with bright wings glancing in the sun Filling the air with rainbow miniatures— The green old forest surging in the gale— 7 he everlasting Mountains on whose peaks 7‘he setting sun burns like an altar flame— And Ocean, like a pure heart rendering back Heaven’s perfect imago, or in his wild wrath ffraving and tossing like the stormy breast Of a chained giant in his agony