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THE NEW ERA.
'Vli.tt is it hut ii Map ol'busy Lilt* ?— (omper. PORTSMOUTH. VA. FRIDAY, 1> LX'I'.MHER ft, lH4f>. FREE TRADE—LOW DUTIES So DEBT—RE PARATION FROM RANKS—ECONOMY—RE. TRENCHMENT AND STRICT ADHERENCE TO THE CONSTITUTION. IC75* Our thanks are due to the 1 Ion. Archi bald Atkinson fora pamphlet copy of the Presi dent s Message, the first one we have received from any quarter, except through our regular ex changes. TO NIG HT—ED U C ATION— R AIL ROAD. bellow-Citizens, atiend to the meeting to he held to-night at the Town-Hall, at 7 o’clock, when two subjects will bu brought before you, of great imp jrtance. One is your Rail Road, which is of great pecuniary importance, and closely in terwoven with your fulure success. Some thing must be done with it, and if you cannot do profita bly with it, why let those have it who can, and who will make it a source of profit to your town. The other is the great and vital question of Edu cation. To perfect that system which shall give; to all classes in every State in this Union, a sound, practical Education, has been the study of the philanthropist and the philosopher. Virginia has been backward in this glorious work, and your Governor, in his lato annual communication to the Legislature, announces the humiliating fact, “ that, of the 1GG.000 persons in this State, who are of a suitable age to be taught, that is, between 71 and 1X3, 4G.000 only are reported as receiving any kind of education ; and if the 12,000 and up wards of these who are credited to the colleges, academies and classical schools be deducted, there will be left hut 34,000 who are going to common schools, and 120,000 who appear to be going to no school whatsoever!” This state of things ought not to be, and we trust is not to continue much longer ; for an Education Convention is to assemble in Richmond next Wednesday, which we hope will devise some plan to be presented to the Legislature, that will wipe off this reproach. It is your duty, fellow-citizens, lobe represented, and therefore, we call upon you, one and all to be at the I uwn-Hall to night, to select Delegates. THE ARRIVAL. The deep solicitude, so long felt for the safety ot the U. S. frigate Potomac, is now dissipated bv her arrival here in company with the LT. S. steamer Princeton, sent round in eaes of necessity to assist her, and notwithstanding a long succes sion of contrary winds and heavy weather, they made the passage in 20 days. The Princeton could have run it in seven days hut was obliged to keep company, and on several occasions furl all sail and take the frigate in low, a la Vander decken. Would that we had many more of her kind ; but, compared with Great Britain, as to sr.a going steamers we are as a cipher. How ling must we be so ? Officers and crews of both vessels all well. ADVERTISING LEGAL SALES, &c. We have had the following article lying on our table some days, which we intended should, on account of its own modesty, and the importance of its subject occupy a conspicuous place in our paper. The fact that ail Sheriff and other legal sales are not advertised in the nearest newspapers, is one cause why country papers generally are such miserable, consumptive, ricketty affairs, the peo ple generally do not patronise, and are almost al ways too poor to pay for them, because they find nothing in them of direct personal interest, which would not he the case, if they could see the way in which their own or their neighbor's property was continually exposed for sale by gome grasping Shyluck, which by the present mode of adverti sing, by posting at the Court House Door, is only known to Gripus, who finally adds the poor man’s farm to his own, without cornpetitien, or giving the unfortunate debtor a half a chance to realize any thing like its value, as he would have, if fair notice was given through the papers that bis property was to be sold. The fact is, the present system is a robbery of the poor man, and the Legislature should be made, by the people themselves, to compel the widest circulation com patible with the circumstances to be given to all Buch sales. It is but justice that Clio debtor should have the best market, if his property must be ta ken from him, and this is the only mode by which that can be insured. we uuriK 11 is the duty of the press to speak out on this subject, and we hope they will do it. We suggested lhe subject to our Representative last winter, and he introduced a resolution to that effect which was hooted down, by the members_ they would not entertain it for n moment; hot the justice of the thing was not lessened for all that, and it is as important now as it was then, it must finally prevail:— Notices at the Court House Door— Sheriffs’ Sales, &.c.—YVe were thinking, as we passed the Court-house door the other day, how much better—how much more profitable to all patties concerned, it would be to have all the written notices that are stuck up, inserted in the’ newspaper. As it is, not one half of the notices go stuck up are read by the public, for whoso eye they are or ought to he intended. Not one hall of the people can read them, lor they are general ly written in a rapid, careless running hand, which none but a rnan who can decipher hyero gliphics can read. Resides, the newspaper goes into a man’s family, and is opened at his fireside - so that all these notices would meet his gaze without looking at the Court house door. VY’e had a thought some time ago, of suggesting that it would be belter if the Sheriff*’ duly obliged them to send these notices to the press; but then, we concluded, as we'wore a party interested, the hint would not be go forcible. A few year* ago. an effort was made by an in telligent member of our State Legislature,—YY’m. H. Cray, K«| , from Loudoun, we believe at that tune—lo make it the duty of the Sheriffs to ad —_ vertise all their sales in some public newspaper printed near where they were to t.ike place. We pay Mr. Gr.iy’s intelligence and regard for the rights ot the people no umlerecrved compliment when we state that a more wise pro|to.sition was never offered to tiie Consi<h ration ol the I.egisla lure. Hoi it failed, as too many other important matters fail; because Mr. Gray could not beat in to the heads ot the Legislative body that the in terests of the people required it. Thousands of dollars are sacrificed by people who are not able to lose it. hy this “ penny wise and pound foolish ’’ plan of having simply a written notice of an inten tion to sell property, stuck up at the Court-house door. It is a shame that a man’s property which is intended to be sold to pay Ins debts should not he advertised to the best advantage. What would be thought of our keen, sharp sighted mer chants. nil of whom are admitted to know “ what’s what ’’ in successful, money making, business transactions, it they were to write thei■■ store ad vertisements and stick them up at the Court house door? and what would be thougnt of tin* venders of patent medicines, if they wee to stick their puffs and certificates of wonderful cures per formed by their nostrums at the Court-house door? They would be considered fools, and justly, for the legitimate mode of communicating with the public is now universally acknowledged to be the newspaper press. A man is decidedly behind the age it tie expects to do business oj sell properly io advantage hy sticking written notices at the Court-house door or any where else. We tiid not intend, when we commenced, to spin out our remarks to an extravagant length on this subject; but the importance of what some persons may regard as small matters, has called us out. If we succeed in showing what is per fectly obvious to every business man in the com munity, we shall he amply compensated for the trouble of writing this article. PUBLIC PRINTER, CLERK, &c. We rejoice in being able to state that the House of Representatives have chosen U. H. French* Esq., their Clerk. 'I'his is the wisest move that has been made in that body for many years, as it is an earnest that honesty and efficiency will be rewarded. We congratulate Mr. French on his election. The whole of Wednesday was occupied in dis cussing the question of the Public Printing, which was principally conducted by the Hon. Garret Davis of Kentucky, and our own Bayly from Accoinac, who in this discussion has added another wreath to his fame as an orator and debater._ The election was finally entered upon when the vote stood on the first ballot, as follows :_ Whole number of votes 19S Necessary to a chuise 1()0 Ritchie &. Heiss 128 Jesse E. Dow Sc Co. (J9 Gales Si Seaton 4 Jefferson Si Co. 2 The United States Journal makes the following notes: “ Jefferson & Co., proposed to do the printing twenty-five percent lees than the prices now paid. “ Jesse E. Dow &. Co., offered to do it for for ty percent less than the prices of 1819, or twen ty per cent less than the prices paid by the last House of Representatives.” The Union received the whole vole of the De mocratic party, and the editorial remarks of that paper in refferance to the election are manly, but very severe upon Mr. Davis, and its closing pir egraph is not without point : “ We feel highly honored by the vote of the de mocratic party of the House. We shall attempt to deserve their confidence, by the faithful dis charge of our public duties. The whig* had a right to choose their own men. It is not for us to dispute the taste displayed in the selection.” Mr Newton Lane, the late Sergeant-at-Arms, was re-elected without division. Mr. Cornelius S. Whitney is Door-Keeper,and Mr. James R. Johnson is re elected Puslmaster of the House. For tlie New Era. OUR TOWN—CAUSE OF DEPRESSION. Mr. Editor :—I was much gratified with your notice of our Town, in your valuable paper of Tuesday last, and I fully concur with you, and firmly believe, that unless some effective and de termined steps are taken by our people to give new life to it, it cannot rise. One cause of its depression is, that it is ruled by a power, antagonist to the local interests of the inhabitants, and that power is the County Magistracy, who have the whole management of the Finances of the Town and County; and es pecially, of that great fund which is principally drawn from the citizens of Portsmouth, I allude to the Fetry ; and while speaking of that, I will merely ask, how it is that all these Magistrates have the free right of way over the Ferry, while the rest of the public have to pay 7 This may look like a small matter, but it i9 important, nevertheless, as one link in the chain which binds us down. These Magistrates in Town and County, are opposed to the Town separating it self from tho County, as was made manifest here a short time since, when some of our citizens started a petition asking the Legislature to incor porate Portsmouth, and why? because they are afraid their power will be curtailed. Onr present Delegate was violently opposed to it, on no other grounds than that he is fearful of losing, in my opinion, the chance of a re-election, if the Town shoo Id he incorporated and represented indepen dently of the County. The most absurd objec tions were started by some of his political friends, such as, if we should become independent of the County, the citizens would be taxed to pay one half or more of the expense of building tho new court house and jail ; but I hope none can be found so void of common sense as to believe such absurd doctrine, no matter by whom promulgated. Tfie buildings belong to the County now, as they will then, and are under the entire control of tho County Magistracy-—the I own authorities now have no authority over them—but if we have to pay for them, means will also fall into nor hands to enable us to do it< and then we shall have a voice in their control and use. Are not the people of Portsmouth intelligent enough, and have they not sufficient understand ing to elect their own authorities to rule Over tliem, and to choose their own Representative to attend to their inii rests in the legislature ot the Slate ; or will they still tamely submit to ihjt ! Magist* nul dictation which lias, heretofore, home i them down? Have our citizens forgotten the ; recommendation of new Magistrates lor this I own to the Executive? and was that recom i mendation satisfactory ? I say then to nil, be not too hasty in going against incorporating our Town, which, if incur . porated will sunn begin to put forth her energies, and develope her resources. It will most cer tainly give her those advantages which other in corporated cities in this State possess, and which sho has not now. I hope sumo other pen, more capable, will take up the subject, and do it that justice which its importance demands. A VOTER. I THE banks and a constitutional treasury. In the admirable message of the President to ; Congress we find every subject, no matter how i important, grappled with such a master’s hand that w*» cannot but admire, the more we examine the lofty and powerful independence, which has market) his course. Yesterday we gave his views on the 1 a riff, which must make lliu time-serving shrink within themselves. We now give his I clear, comprehensive and able views on the sub j ject of an Independent Treasury, i \\ o (rankly confess that the old cumbrous and expensive machinery, which constituted the Sub 1 reasury of 1837, never met onr approbation, and if a better plan cannot be given us, we would rather see the money of the Government controlled as it is now, under the law of 1789, and the Resolution of July, 1816. With very little al teration the present plan might be made perfect. In tbe deliberations of Congress on this subject, it is hoped that a spirit of mutual concession and' compromise between conflicting interests may prevail, and that the result of their labors may be crowned with tho happiest consequences. By the constitution of the United States it is provided, that “ no money shall be drawn from the treasury hut in consequence of appropriations made by law.” A public treasury was undoubt edly contemplated and intended to he created, in which the public money should he kept from the period of collection until needed for public uses. In the collection and disbursement of the public money no agencies have ever been employed by law, except such as were appointed by the go vernment, directly responsible to it, and under its control. The safe keeping of the public money should he confided to a public treasury created by law, and under like responsibility and control. It is not to be imagined that the framers of the con stitution could have intended that a treasury should he created as a place of deposite and safe keeping of the public money which was irrespon sible to the government. The first Congress un der the constitution, by the act of the second Sep tember, 17S9. “ to establish the Treasury Depart ment,” provided for the appointment of a treasur er, and made it his duly “ to reciveand keep the moneys of the United Slates,” and “ at all times to submit to the Secretary of the Treasury and the Comptroller, or either of them, the inspection of the moneys in his hands.” That banks, national or state, could not have been intended to be used as a substitute for the treasury spoken of in the constitution, as keepers of the public money, is manifest from the fact, that at that time there was no national hank, and but three or four State banks of limited capital existed in the country. Their employment as deposito ries was at first resorted to, to a limited extent, j but with no avowed intention of continuing then! ; permanently. in place of the treasury of the cun | st i tut ion. When they were afterwards from time i to time employed, it was from motives of sup ; posed convenience. 1 u.ir experience has shown, that when banking corporations have been the keepers of the public money, and been thereby made in effect the trea sury, the government can have no guaranty that it can command the use of its own money for pub ! lic purposes. The late Bask of the United Status t proved to be faithless. The State banks which ; were afterwards employed, were faithless, lint j a few years ago, with millions of public money in ; their keeping, the government was brought al I most to bankruptcy, and the public credit serious | ly impaired, because of their inability or indisposi | lion to pay, on demand, to the public creditors, in the only currency recognised hy the constitution. ■ Their failure occurred in a period of peace, and great inconvenience and loss were suffered hy the public from it. Had the country been involved ■ in a foreign war, that inconvenience and loss would have been much greater, and might have resulted ’ in extreme public calamity. The public money , should not be mingled with the private funds of banks or individuals, or be used lor private pur t P'»s«9. When it is placed in banks for safekeep ing. it is in effect loaned to them without interest, and is loaned hy them upon interest to the bor rowers from them. The public money is con verted into banking capital, and is used and loan ed out for the private profit of hank stock holders • and when called for, (as was the case iri 1837,) it may be in the pockets of the borrowers from the | banks, instead of being in the public treasury con I lemplated by the constitution. The framers of 1 *be constitution could never have intended that | tho money paid into the treasury should he thus ' convened to private use, and placed beyond the ; control of the government. Hanks which hold the public money are often ! tempted by a desire to gain, to extend their loans, I ,nprpa9p ,hp,r circulation, and thus stimulate, if not produce a spirit of speculation and exlrava i gance, which sooner or later most result in ruin to thousands If the public money he not per muted to be thus used, but be kept in the treasu ly and paid out to the public creditors in gold and .stiver, the temptation afforded by its deposit© with .banks to an undue expansion of their business would be checked, while the amount of the con stitutional currency left in circulation would be enlarged, by its employment in the public collec tions and disbursements, and the banks them selves would, in consequence, be found in a safer and sounder condition. At present, 8taie hanks are employed as de positories, but without adequate regulation of law. wh rehy the public money can be secured against the casualties and excesses, revulsions, suspen sions, and defalcations, to which, from over-issues, ovc rtrading, an inordinate desire for gain, or other causes, they are constantly exposed. Th© Sec retnry of the treasury has in all cases, when it was practicable, taken collateral security for the arm. not which they hold, hy the pledge of stocks of the United States, or such of the States as were in good credit. Some of the depostto banks have given this description of securities, and at hers have declined to do so. Entertaining the opinion that “ the separation of the moneys of the governments from banking institutions is indispensable for the safety of the funds of the government and the rights of the people,” I recommend to Congress that provision be made by law for such separation, and that a constitutional treasury be created for the safe keeping of the public money. The constitutional treasury recommended is designed as a secure de pository for the public money, without any power to make loans or discounts, or to issue any paper whatever as a currency or circulation, i cannot doubt that such a treasury as was contemplated by the constitution, should be independent of all banking corporations. The money of the people should he kept in the treasury of the people crea ted by law', and be in the custody of agents of the people chosen by themselves, according to the forms of the constitution ; agents who are directly responsible tv* the government, who are under adequate bonds and oaths, and who are subject to severe punishments for any embezzlement, private use, or misapplication of the public funds, and for any failure in other respects to perform their duties. To say that the people or their govern ment arc incompetent or not to be trusted with the custody of their own money, in their own treasury, provided by themselves, but mu9t rely on the presidents, cashiers, and stockholders of hanking corporations, not appointed by them, nor responsible to them, would be to concede that they are incompetent for self-government. In recommending the establishment of a con stitutional treasury, in which the public money shall be kept, I desire that adequate provision be made by law for its safely, and that all execu tive discretion or control over it shall be removed, except such as may bo necessary in directing its disbursement in pursuance of appropriations made by law. GOD HELP THE POOR. The following kind and feeling remarks of the Brooklyn Advertiser will apply to other than the locality it was written for. How true is the state ment that when the wants of the poor are most pressing, the cold short days of winter curtail their only ineari3 of life. The prospect opens darkly for the poor of this City during the coming Winter. Indirectly in consequence of the rise in breadstuff in Europe, provisions of all kinds have advanced to prices which are without parallel in this City for years past; and it is a painful certainty that provision dealers have taken the opportunity to put in prac tice a most unwarrantable degree of extortion on all kinds of produce. If the wholesale prices of articles have gone up say 25 per cent, they de mand by retail about 50. Fuel likewise is very high and likely to become still higher. It is the poor who bear the onus of this appreciation and suffer all the ills resulting from high prices; for the wealthy can lay in their stock of provision and fuel while prices are low. But when the rigors of winter come on the poor must buy in small quantities at the enhanced prices as they actually need them. The rich with their well stocked palaces can laugh to scorn both the appre ciation of commodities of prime necessity and the effort8of combinations. But the poor—God help them !—are at the mercy of everybody’s cupidi ty. If their wages rose in a corresponding ratio with their expenses all would be well; but cold weather puts a slop to bus.ness in a great decree and consequently prevents this much desired con summation. The only remedy for this deplorable slate of things is for the rich to siudy and prac tice the beauties of benevolence, and extend its results far and wide, like the ‘ gentle dew of hea ven ;’ and, above all, to aid the efforts of the As sociation in this City for ihe benefit of the Poor. In this way only can a small share of the general suffering be alleviated. CONFUCIUS AND CHRIST. A writer in the New York Tribune says: There is “ food for thought” in the following ex tract from a report of one of Mr. Webster’s lec tures. I refer more particularly to that part of which I have italicised. “ In philosophy and religion, Confucius wa* their apostle He did not pretend to be a proph et. His teachings were calculated to make men belter in this world without direct and particular reference to another existence, w hich was rather to be hoped for than counted certain. They say that Confucius told them a prophet would ap pear in the Ifest in about f>00 years, to whom they must apply for spiritual guidance. At the expiration of this time they sent as far West as India to find the foretold prophet, but were un successful. As Confucius flourished 500 years before Christ, it is surmised that his direction had reference to the Saviour.’’ Jrorn the New York Morning News. • FREE TRADE IN COTTON. The importance of this matter of public policy is attracting general attention. The consumption of the raw material in this country is only one sixth of the growth. 2,000,000 bales are sent out of the country to be wrought up in cheap goods, by the industry and capital of Great Brit ain. The cotton to a great extent i9 driven out of the country, because the high prices artificially created by the laiifT, place many goods beyond the reach of those who otherwise would consume them, and reduce the quantities taken of those descriptions that they do purchase. England imposed a direct tax upon incomes—a war tax— to make up $3,500,000 of revenue that she re mitted on raw cotton, admitting it entirely free in order that by making it come cheaper to the manufacturers they might be enabled to sell their goods cheaper to that extent, and so promote their consumption. That ia to enable the working classes to get more goods for their money. A high price for cotton sold abroad is of vast impor tance to the whole country, and to obtain a high price the Riipply offering must he decreased, not by diminishing the production, but by increasing the quantity consumed in this country, which can bo done only by making the goods come cheaper to the people. That is by giving every man, wo man and child in the country two yards for the same money they now pay for one. This will be done by abolishing all duties, admitting cottons of all kinds entirely free. The practical effect will be to double the number of shirts, frocks summer clothes, quilts, ruffs, collars, caps, and* every article now made of cotton. The ten 'thou sand females now employed on these articles would have double the quantity of work The increased demand will increase the pay allowed them, and their condition will be instantly re lieved. The increase of the consumption of cot ton will add at least $15,000,000 to the amount of money that the South will get for it from Eu rope. I his again react, upon our home markets ; the more means possessed by the South the more they buy in the markets of the North. The more bread stuffs there are told abroad ihe higher is the price and the more means have the great mas* of farmers to buy goods in ihe cities. All the interests of the nation require that a protnnt and utter abolition of all duties on cotton should lake place io this country simultaneous with ih« approaching repeal of the corn laws in Great Britain. JOHN C. CALHOUN. We rejoice at the reception of intelligence fro South Carolina of the election of this bri|)jam statesman as U. S. Senstor, in place of Jud„ Huger, who with characteristic magnanimity ** signed his seat, that the desires of the Democrat of the nation in this matter might thereby be Z complished. The legislature, in accepting hia ,C signation expressed unanimously and justly ,J • high sense of his personal worth and public J, vices. The vote upon the election of hia SOcc/' sor, was, 135 for Mr. Calhoun and four blanks Mr. Calhoun’s reappearrnces on the field of hi. well-earned fame, is alike fortunate for his co.. try and his party. The nation will have the be*' ent of his experience and profound ability in the.J justment of the several important subjeots aboni to engage the attention of the Senate, and Yh. Democratic cause the aid of hia splendid tal.». upon the floor of that body, at a time wienj! opponents are concentratmg their picked men for the battle. Especially shall we rejoice, if it l“ h.e, lrue« 83 *• generally understood, tha, Mr. Calhoun comes into the Senate prepared t oppose the concession of a tingle inch ofO,^! to Great Britain. Upon this question the wh„|e crnintry should be as one raan.-JV. Y. MorniZ THE MAGNETIC TELEGRAPH AND THE NEW YORK PRESS i The >V.8hinglon letter writers and the report j era of Congress.onal proceedings are in trouhU in consequence of what they conceive to he a monopoly on the part of the Magnetic Telegra^ Company The Telegraphic l.ne will «£, £ tomplered, when the reports of Congressional ceed.ngsw.il he • printed in New York the dat after they transpire at Washington, and as as the l.ne ts completed between this city and New York, a similar arrangement may be entered into here 1 he prices which the New York ca pers pay for furnishing reports are made to con form to the following proposition which has been submitted by the Company : til YS!ly rfe?°rtS of ^on8rpS8i'mal proceedings un .1 15 h of January, for each newspaper sep'W ly. dehvered at the office at two, three or four 0 clock in the morning „f tbs day succeeding thal n winch the proceedings occurred, forty-five dol lars per day fur each paper. Should a majority of the papers club together and all take one re pot t, the price would be reduced to thirty dollars per week for each. y lar9 lisLr^r’ thC inS°rmation cost thepub hshers §30 per week without manuscript, and must be written out by the newspaper employee. Many of the morning papers have agreed to the whethefbUtLvaYe|r0t .dac,ded anionP themselves whether they will take separate reports or have “uvC!f furrJj»hed by the company. Most prob ably hey will agree upon the latter proposition. „ ^Un di*es not becume a participator in the arrangement from the necessity 0f pnjnp t0 pr earl.er than two o’clock—Bolton Eagle Industry.—Among the first of virtues parents should teach their children to rank industry Idle ness is the parent of nameless vices. Give chil dren useful employment and they are not in bad j company .—It is an old adage that ‘ every thing 1 depends upon a man’s bringing „p.> He may ; say that every thing depends upon the correct ideas that a child forms of the necessity and dig i pity of labor; and thosa who commence their life i in idleness generally close it it misery and degradation.— Chicago Democrat. A BUSY EDITOR. The editor of a paper down in Maine, com plains that he has been too busily employed in other matters to attend to his editorial department. He says : “ The business of the editor has been too multi farious this week to admit of his paying much at tention to the editorial department of "his paper. Our printer and devjl have both been drunk and wo, (that is ourself,) have been compelled to set most of the types and do the press work for the paper. It is known that we are a practising phys ician, and that our calls have been unusually pro ific this week. Our sister’s nurse has been sick, and we has been compelled to spend a considera ble portion of our time rocking the cradle. This would be a sufficient excuse for aoy reasonable man, but it ig not all. A beautiful black eyed girl came to town on Saturday, and we had no sooner seen her, than we were half dead in love; we have, during the week, wooed and won the tame, and shall, (if no lawful objection can be made,) be married at the Methodist church to morrow. Are our patrons satisfied ? If not, we nopeMhey may be doomed to a life of celibacy!— or, if married, doomed to all the horrors of a hen pecked husband.” p^HotliiDd, do you believe in special judgment* of Providence upon individuals in this life!” " Yes, My dear.” “ Do you indeed ? Did one of the judgment* ever happen to you ?” “ Yes, my love,” “ When was it, husband?’’ “ When f married you, my dear?” From the Southern Literary Messenger, AUTUMN. ’Tis a beauteous time,—when the summer sheen Hath passed away from the forest green, And the proud old woods, like an Indian bride, H*’’® decked themselves in their gorgeous pride ", While the fleecy clouds, in their radiant dyes, decked with beauty the burning skies,— Like a banner flung by the day-god back, to mark with glory his shining track. ’ I is a mournful time,—when the striken flower* Are drooping low in the faded bowers, And the leaves, that sigh to the sad wind’s breath, Mr!.’ w*th the hectic hue of death ; When the linnet's song, and the robin’s lay Have died from the lone, dim woods away ; And the breezes sing 'mid the leafless sear, A mournful dirge for the dying year. 'Tis a holy time,— when the soul is fraught With a spell of sweet and mournful thought; When the heart’s long troubled waters lie. As a sleeping wave 'neath the summer’s sky ; When the yearning dreams to the spirit come, Of the sweet repose of the quiet tomb ; And visions bright to the foul are given. Like glimpse* sweet of a native Heaven. ’Tis a beauteous time,— 'ti* a holy time.— The sweet, still days of the autumn prime ; When Nature, sadly and meekly fair, Seems bowed with awe at her silent prayer j And well may man. from his pride beguiled. A‘ lesson learn from her teachings mild,— Go forth to the dim and solemn wood. And there commune with his soul and Qod, Utnrico, Vr»., Orf. 1845. #»sa»