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THE NEW ERA.
What is it but a Map of busy Life ?—Cowptr. Port*ntonll«. Va. T II U If S D~A Y , J U L Y 10, 1 846. OUR FLAG! FREE TRADE—I,()W DUTIES—NO DF.HT—SE PARATION FROM HANKS ECONOMY RE TRENCHMENT—AND STRICT ADHERENCE TO THE CONSTITUTION. HON. K. M. T. HUNTER" We are indobted to tho Hon. R. M.T. Hunter for a copy of his Speech on tho Tariff Bill, deliv cred in the House of Representatives the 30tli of June. PORTSMOUTH AND ITS ADVANTAGES A correspondent, over the signature of “ A Sojourner” has sent 11s an art icle, on the ad van tages of this town, for Mercantile. Agricultural and Manufacturing purposes. The great length of tho article, beside tho different views wo take on the subject of employing our young maidens and lads in what wo conceive tho “ pest houses of America”—tho cotton manufactories, will pre vent our giving it an insertion. Another reason, wo have refused tho insertion of able articles from some of our talented citizens, who have not com plied with our ostahlished rules,—“ giving us the name of the author of the communication.” FRIGATE ST. LAWRENCE. The Naval Committee of the House of Repre aentatives have made a report in favor of launch ing the frigate St. Lawrence at the Gosport Navy Yard.—Norfolk Beacon, July 1G. We were highly pleased in reading tho above this morning, and waited with anxiety for a con firmation in the Washington papers, and regret, on more account than one, t hat wo cannot give credence to the report; on the contrary, the Washington Union of Tuesday night, in its offi cial proceedings of tho House of Representatives, giveR the following report: ** Mr. Bayly, from tiie same Committee, (Na val.) made an adverse report upon tire resolution of the 19l!i of February last, relating to fitting for sea the ship-of the-line New York, and the frigate St. Lawrence ; laid on the table.” The report may have been taken up again, and • report made in its favor, or the reporter of the House may have substituted, through mistake, the word “ adverse” for “favorable,” which we are inclined to believe from the circumstance of its having been “ laid on the table.” Should tire report in the Union bo correct-we cannot al low ourselves to say one word further on the sub | ject until we have ascertained the correctness of! the reporter’s statement. COUR T MARTIAL AT OLD POINT. I The Philadelphia North American of Monday Bays, that Gen. Brady, now r.nar eighty years of age, and the oldest officer but one in the service of the United States, would leave Philadelphia on Tuesday for old Point Comfort, to preside in the Court of Inquiry into the conduct of General J Gaines. He has all the animation which distin gnished him thirty years ago, and during the past week he has had a pleasant re union with many of his old friends in this city. Gen. Gaines may deem himself fortunate in having a court constitu ted of such eminent and high minded officers, all of whom, wo have reason to believe, entertain for him personally, sentiments of affectionate re spect. NAVAL. The bark Cathleene, Capt. Blifiln, at New York, from Rio Janeiro, June 6th, left in that port the 6hip Columbia, Com. Rosseau, and Ports mouth, Commander Henry. The sloop of-war Saratoga, Capt. Sbubrick, sailed from Rio on the 2d for Bahia. CONGRESSIONAL. In the Senate,on Monday, the bill providing fur the improvement ot the Ohio, Mississippi, and Arkansas rivers, was next taken up, discussed, and read a third time and passed. On luesday, in the Senate, the warehouse bill wa9 again taken up, and read a third time. Mr. J. M. Clayton submitted a few remarks in oppo sition to the bill, but had nut concluded, when the subjoct was passed over until to morrow, and the discussion of the tariff bill was resumed . ■The graduation bill, as amended, was received from the House; and, after an ineffectual attempt to lay it on the table, on motion by Mr. Davis, it was referred to the Committee on Public Lands. In presenting a petition from certain dry goods importers of Boston, Mr. Webster took occasion to fulminate sundry strong denunciations of the new tariff bill. The greatest interest appears to be excited by this discussion. The Senate was quite full throughout the day, and tho galleries were crowd ed. The House finally passed the graduation hill by a majority of two votes. It assumed at last tho form of the substitute bill introduced by Mr. McKay, and in that shape is returned to the Sen ate. The Senate bill for the improvement of the navigation of the western rivers was rejected by a very heavy vote. The House then took up, in committee, the bill to authorize an issue of treasury notes. A long debate followed, mainly on the great topics of discussion during the session—Oregon—the Mexican war, 8to. THE TALISMAN. ( Thoophilus Fisk, Esq., has favored us with his beautiful monthly Offering, The •• Taljs ma tv Atm Illustrated Odd Fellow’s Mac.a 1 zine,” Vol. I. No. I. for July, It is a chaste and interesting work, and cannot fail receivings most liberal support. Tho present number contains ten original stories, illustrated with appropriate wood cuts, several pieces of poetry, and the names of the officers ot tho Grand Lodge, with a list of the Subordinate Lodges of Pennsylvania. THE SOUTHERN REVIEW. This estimable work, “ The Southern and Western Literary Messenger and Review,” Vol. XII. No. VII. for July, has made its appearance. Mr. B. B. Minor, the gentlemanly proprietor, has spared no pains in making it both interesting and useful. One of tho articles, a continuation of the ” civil warfare in the Carolinas and Georgia I during the Revolution,” cannot fail being intcr ssting to Southerners, and others who feel an in terest in whatever relates to that important period of our history. We attaich a table of the con tents of the number The civil war in the Carolines and Georgia during the Revolution “ The Politics and History of the Dance ;” “ An account of Don Pedro do la Gnsca “ Arne rlcan Military Laws •• Feslns “ Mary Lindcsey “ War;” “ Munforda Homer j” “ A Vision of the Blessed “ Lays of Courago “ Love and bo Kind “ The Tear of Repent atice.” DEMOCRATS I YOU CAN. IF YOU WILL. Wo continue, says the Raleigh Standard, to receive the most cheering and gratifying accounts from the Democratic Candidate lor Governor, James U. Shepard, as well as from the campaigns in various counties for the Legislature. Mr. Shepard is winning golden opinions in the West, and the honest yeomanry of the “ Western Re serve” will soon see what party it is that would grind them down with laxrs for the benefit of the privileged few. Situated as we are heie at the centre of the State, we certainly ought to know more of the feelings of the Democratic party than tho editors of the Whig prints; and we assert with pride and confidence that Mr. Shepard is warmly sustained in the noble exertions for the cause by an united, harmonious, and enthusiastic party. He will get the full Democratic vote, and in addition to this, a large accession, cspeci ally in the East, from the Whig ranks, and if every Democrat will do his whole duty between this and the Gth of August, and at the polls on that day, the defeat of Gov. Graham is inevita hie. Democrats you con, if you tei/L See that you have tickets at every election ground in tho Stale, and that a full vote is polled in every in stance. What say Nash arid Edgecomb ? FRANCE. In looking ovor the French papers brought by the Britannia, our attention has been drawn to the present and future condition of France. The pre sent King Louis Philippe, is an old man, the oldest sovereign in Europe, and in the ordinary course of nature his earthly race is nearly ran. What is Franco now? What will be its future fate? These are important questions, questions that ate important to the civilized world, and most itn portant to the people of England, and these Uni ted States. Louis Philippe by his unceasing efforts for the preservation of the peace of Europe, and by his admirable tact, in making friends in stead of enemies of the European potentates, and our countrymen, as well as the influential portion of the citizens of France, has succeeded in mak ing himself one of the must popular men of the present day. Still lie has in his large kingdom many deep and talented political enemies, who would risk all, did they not believe lie would soon be taken from them, and would now if ho was in his prime of life, exert their power—and it is great, in hurling him from his kingly throne. The majority of the people of France are Repub licans, they hate all that has a semblance of Royalty, and would freely sacrifice there lives fur the. furtherance of their object, but they have political tact enough to know, that the risk while he lives would he too great to hazard the attempt. As soon as his head is laid, lire French Republi cans will assert their rights, and France, Re publican France will again be free, one more Re publican star will be added to the political sky, which in the language of Tally rand will create new stars which in time will form one entire light by which the political world will be brilliant ly illuminated. MILITARY OPERATIONS. The following companies have been enrolled under the requisition of the President of the Uni ted Stales, upon the Governor of Virginia, for three Regiments of Volunteers :—13 Companies of Infantry ; 5 Companies of Riflemen ; 2 Compa nies of Artillery ; 1 Company of Artillery for gar rison service in the State—in all about 1800 men —the Artillery and Riflemen to serve as Infantry, if required. Numerous individual tenders of ser vice liavc also been made, among them many offi cers of high rank. THE LAKE TRADE. The Lake trade began on Lake Erie, in 1819, with one steamboat, the walk-in llie-water. In 1840 there were but 48 steamboats on all the American Lakes which cost 82.200,000. Jn 1845 there were GO steamboats, 50 brigs, and 270 schooners on the Lakes above the Falls of Niagara, the cost of whose construction was about $4,600,000. The number of passengers on all the Lakes in 1845 was estimated at 250,000, the total commerce of the Lakes during the same year was about $100,000,000. ROT IN POTATOES. We have just learned “ says the Wilmington Journal’’ “ that the rot has suddenly seized upon the early potatoes in this section of the coun try, and that a sad destruction has been suffered within a few days. Up to Saturday last tho early potatoes were in perfect health, sound and abundant in yield ; but since that time the rot has attacked them, and a groat portion of them are now utterly destroyed. This is to be deplored, and person will feel the inconvenience of a scarceness or deterioration of this important vege table. We saw an account a few days since that a farmer last summer cut off the tops of bis potatoe vines, about three inches fmm the ground, by which be saved his whole crop, and supplied his neighbors who did not pursue that course. FATAL ACCIDENT. A horse attached to a light buggey ran away in Baltimore on Thursday and ran over Mr. Wm. Drown an aged and respectable blacksmith of that city, causing his death. The horse also ran over Mr. J. Bainbridge of Louisville, Ky., and injured him dangerously, and a Mr. Bain, and a young la dy injuring both severely. The escape of some ladivs in the street was almost miraculous. HUMOR. It is rumored that the President and his Cabi net have the question of an attack on the Castle of 8an Juan de Llloa, Vera Cruz, under considera tion, and that a hoard of Post Captains in the Navy, have been ordered to convene at Wash tngton City next Monday, to give their opinion on the subject. M AIN E U. S. SEN A 10 R. James \V. Bradbury, has been elected U S. Senator for the State of Maine. Mr. B. is a sound Democrat, and is said to be a talented speaker. INTKLLIOENCK FROM EUROPE. The Steam Ship Cambria, was to have Sailed from England the 4th of July. We may expect new? by her on Monday morning. CORRESPONDENCE. New Orleans. July G, 184G, 2 P. M. Dtar Sir:—Tho •* Alabama ” ariivcd this morning from the Brasos, but brought no news from the Army, they still remain in “statuo <|oo,” spread along both sides nf the Rio Grande, from R*-inoso to Point Isabel. She however reports the loss of several vessels on the Brasos Bar. The steamer Col. Harney, Capt. Wood, belonging to the Government. Capt. W. came to the city in the Alabama. She is a total loss. The sehcRmers 'Parry Not and Mary Marshall, both of ibis port, total hiss, the cargo of tho latter will be saved. A sloop from Gal veston, crew and vessel a total loss. The steam ers Fashion and Telegraph from Mobile, with volunteers, w as off the Bar, 3d inst. The stea mer Florida, pul in to Galvoaton, to repair ma chinery. The weather is very warm here, on Thursday it commenced raining at about noon, and continu ed to Saturday at the same time. Friday night wo had a considerable storm. blowing down trees, fences, Stc , but no loss of life so far as heard of. Our “Fourth” was necessarily p >stpnned to 1817, on account of the rain. We received letters from Capt. “ Rio ” this morning, of which the following are some ex tracts : Fort Brown, opposite Matamoras.? June 19th,1846. S “ We are still drilling, ditching marching &.c., and very desirous to move, all are waiting with anxiety to march to Monterey. Colonel Twiggs’ command will leave the lirst of next week, (about the 20th ult.) for Reinoso. The steamer Aid, Capt. Hyde, left this morning for that point, to ascertain if it is possible to get that tar with a steamboat. We are waiting for pro visions. some 3 nr 400 wagons were started yes terday to Point Isabel for them. 'The weather is exceedingly warm during the day, but the nights are splendid, the sea breeze setting in very strong, wn generally sleep under a blanket. A few days since, a large party of Tonkaway Indians, eaine in to have a talk with Gen. Taylor for the pur pose of offering their services to fight against the Mexicans, hut their services were declined hy Gen. T.; it is supposed that they will go with tho Texians. There are 2700 troops 30 miles from here, and 2000 about 18 miles, all on the road to this place. We have had only two deaths in our camp, there are some cases of dysentery and measles among the tnen, the former brought on m> doubt by their eating new corn, melons. &C„ &.C.” I have no more nows to communicate, as wo generally get our neicn relating to the movements of the Army, from the N. O. papers. If anything transpires I will write you. Yours, Sir., F. A. I). ABOLITIONISTS. We heard of an ahoUlimiiat this morning who rroes it so strong for the doctrine, that lie will not use any hut colored paper to write on, and cannot even drink a glass of water without a little color i'lg in it. EFFECTS OF MEAT. The St. Louis New Era of the 7lh inst., says that three persons died in that city on the 5th from the effects of the heat. The Thermometer stood at 12 o’clock M. at 100° Farenheit in the shade. EUGENE SUE. The talented author of the “ Wandering Jew” has a new work in the French press, called “Tor nedrow.” T. D. RICE, Better known as the original “Jim Crow,’ has recovered his speech, which he was lately deprived of, by a stroke of paralysis. ENGLISH INFLUENCE ON THE WES TERN CONTINENT. We have for some ten years, closely watched, both England and France, mure particularly the former, in their interference with the affairs of the American Republics. In all their arrogant pride, they have kept aloof from directly interfer ing with this Republic, and time, the grand developer, has learned them the impolicy of openly showing their hostility to os. They have been working with that dishonest tool diplomacy, which oil republicans scorn, and which has given England more power than she has ever gained by her fleets and armies. Encouraged by her former successes, England lavishly scattered her gold_ secretly, to defeat the re annexation of Texas to this country, but finding her efforts useless, has, we are inclined to believe, concluded, to make us Jier friend “ The more closely we view ihe course of hie diplomatic controversies” says ihe New York Herald, “ between our own and ihe British Cabi net, with reference to the adjustment of the Oro L'on boundary, the more evident it seems to he, that, although England may still be inclined to uphold the monarchical system of halnncn of power in the East, yet on the Western continent her hopes for the ultimate success of her theory are rapidly passing away with every incident tending to the developement of American energy and American resources. In order to arrive at a just conclusion as to the extent of British domin ion and influence, we must take a daoiierrentype view of not only the Northern, blit also of our Southern continent, which, in the whirlpool of the Oregon and Mexican excitement, seems to have been entirely overlooked. We shall find that in reality England’s strongholds in North America are slipping gradually, but surely, from her power; and sooth of British Guiana she has not now. nor has she the probability of ever pos sessiog, one inch of territory, while her diplomatic infloence is unquestionably diminishing, not only in the young and prosperous republics, but also in the vast Empire of Braz I. Whatever stand is taken to show the appear ance of obstinate resistance. England most feel that the struggle is not far distant, when opposi tion to the total expulsion of her armips from this continent will be useless. Clothed in her mantle of aristocratic pride and power, she may turn to the Inst an unmoved face to the march of repnb lieanism, but her resistance, though it may digni fy, will not lessen her fall. '[’he frequent arrival of reinforcements in Can ada have been accounted for by her precarious situation in respect to the Slates ; but more pro bably under iIjp mask of protection, the British government is concentrating a force, deemed suf ficient to suppress the first symptoms ofnny in stirredion, which, front the murmurings borne across the sea, they perhaps anticipate. The feeling of discontent tinder the yoke of the mother country, always on the increase, has not hern di minished by many late acts of the English Parlia ment, especially those relative to the corn laws. Members of the Provincial Legislature openly de clare thn latter measure to bo the ruin of the Ca nadian provinces; they drery the action of gov ernment at home as sacrificing her colonies ; the ministry is disorganised, and some of the hitherto staunch royalists look with other feelings than re pugnance upon the prospect of independence, or even—annexation. If this be so, another attempt at a so called rebellion will not be attempted by a inal directed, undisciplined body of French Itabi taut, joined to a few frontier smugglers; but the Anglo-Canadian, and the Franco Canadian will unite in an irresistible effort to extricate them selves from foreign subjugation. The compromise of the Oregon boundary at the parallel of 49. is, in fact, but a temporary indul gence to British occupation. It is, setting aside all political considerations, hut the allowing of a point of etiquette, or at most the sacrifice of the present in the security of tho future. The tide of emigration, ever rolling from the European shores, finds its harrier but in tho waves of the Pacific, and in its passage over republican soil, loses every vestige of monarchical prejudice.— The new settlers of American land will never submit to foreign jurisdiction ; either the whole territory west of the mountains will unite in tho formation of an independent republic, or be added to our own extended domain. The idea o( the Knglish arm of power, stretched over the Ameri can Republic, to guide the destinies of the settler who breathes the very air of freedom, is too pre posterous to bn for a moment entertained. So surely, then, as with the progress of lime moves the march of mind, so stirclv will the Canadas, probably before tho present generation has passed away, be withdrawn from the domination of for eign power; and as time completes the settlement of the Oregon territory, north of 49, by the hand of tho democratic pioneer, and of tho emigrant fleeing from oppression, the last traces of Eng land's rule are swept away forever from the Northern Continent of America.” MINERAL LANDS OF LAKE SUPERIOR. The following message of tho President of the United States was sent to the Senate: Tn the Semite of the United Stales : I communicate herewith a report from the Sec retary of the Treasury, transmitting a report from tire Commissioner of Public Lands, in reply to the resolution of the 22d June, 1840, calling for ini irritation of the progress which has been made in the surveys of the mineral region upon Lake Superior, and within what time such surveys may possibly he prepared for the sales of the land in that country. In answpr to that portion of the resolution which calls for the “ views of the Ex ecutive respecting the proper mode of disposing of said lands, keeping in view the interest of the United States, and the equitable claims of indi viduals, who under the authority of the War Department have made improvements thereon, or acquired rights of possessionI recommend that these lands be brought into market and sold at such prieo and under such regulations as Con gress may prescribe, and that the right of pre emption be secured to such persons as have, under the authority of the War Department, made im provements or acquired rights of possession there on. Should Congress deem it proper to authorize the sale of these lauds, it will be necessary to attach them to suitable land districts, and that they bp placed under the management and con trol of the (General Land Office, as other public lands. JAMES K. POLK. i\rr aiho m Our advices fiotn Rii> de Janeiro, are to tiie 6lh nit. The Senate and Assembly were yet in session. We find amongst tho documents laid before them by tbe Secretary of Foreign Affairs, the protest of the Argentine Republic against tbe acknowledgement, by the Brazilian cabinet, of the independence of Paraguay, and the reply thereto. From the latter, we make the following extract, as appearing rather republican, coming from tbe minister of an Emperor:— “ The anti-American diplomacy is to sub divide into small independencies the nations of South America, so that none may acquire great or over balancing power, and the government of Brazil would not have acknowledged tho independence of a revolted province of tho Argentine republic, especially when upholding the same fundamental principles of government as the Argentine repub lic herself, had not Paraguay always been inde pendent and separated from Buenos Ayres. Her solemn declaration of freedom from despotism, de mands the resppct of European nations, and from the countries of America. Let every government of tho continent preserve its nationality and its on ward path in the march of civilization.” DESTINY OF THE UNITED STATES. More than twenty years ago, an English wri ter of distinction, spoke of the advantages and destinies of the people of these United States, in the supplement to the “Encyclopaedia Brittanies.” We extract the following passage, which although only a quarter of a century Ins elapsed, the lan guage which was then figurative, has now be come literally truu : — “ The people of the United States find them selves in a condition to devote their whole ener gies to the cultivation of their vast natural re sources ; and undistracted by wars, unburdened by oppressive taxes, unfettered by old prejudices and corruptions. Enjoying the united advantages of an infant and a mature society, they are able to apply the highly refined science and art of Eu rope, to the improvement of the virgin soil and unoccupied natural riches of America. They start unincumbered by a thousand evils, political and moral, which weigh down the energies of the old world. The volume of our histories lies be fore them: they may adopt our improvements, avoid our errors, take warning from our suffer ings; and, with the combined lights of our expe rience and their own, build up a more perfect form of society ! Even already have they given some momentous and some salutary truths to the world, it is their rapid growth which has first developed the astonishing results of the productive powers of population. We can now calculate wiih con siderable certainty, that America, which yet pre sents to the eye, generally, the aspect of an un trodden forest, will, in the short space of one cen tury, surpass Europe in the number of its inhabi tants. We even hazard little in predicting, that before tho tide of civilization has rolled back to its original seals, Assyria, Persia, and Palestine, an intelligent population of two or three hundred millions will have overspread the new world, and extend the empire of knowledge and of the arts from Cape Horn to A lay.ska. “ Among the vast mass of civilized men, there will be but two languages spoken. The effect of this single circumstance in accelerating the pro gress of society can scarcely be calculated. What a field will then bo opened to the man of science, the artist, the popular writer, w ho addresses a hundred millions of educated persons I What a stimulus given to mental energy and social im provement, when every new idea, and every use ful discovery will be communicated instantaneous ly to so great a mass of intelligent beings, by the electric agency of the post and the press. Imagi nation is lost in attempting to estimate the effects of such accumulated means and powers. One result, however, may be anticipated. America must then become the centre of knowledge, civ ilization, and power !” POWDER AND BALL. I be .St. Louis Republican says, that since the commencement of the present hostilities with Mexico, there has been prepared and shipped from tho arsenal, at I ha t place, one hundred and seven ty Ions of fixed ammunition. Between one and two hundred persons, chiefly boys, are daily employed in the laboratory at the arsenal, in the preparation of cartridges, &c. In one day forty tons were shipped ; a part to Colonel Kearney, and the other portion to the south. This is only in one arspnal. In others loads of cartridges have been prepared for a protracted campaign. MATA MORAS—OUR ARMY. Wo give ihe following extract, from the New American paper, established at Matamoraa, dated the 2nd of July. •* Carrabajal, with about two hundred men. we have from undoubted authority, was in San Fer nando four days ago, seizing upon all the horses lie could find, and keeping a strict «atch over movements in Matamoraa, overhauling all on their way to or coming from this place. San For nando is distant about ninety miles from here, and the population are hourly looking for the march of tho Americans upon the town. The archives and all the public property have been carried off or concealed. “ Loiters received by citizens here convpy to them the positive assutnncn that the Mexican ar my will return within two months.—Guess they*1 think belter of it. General Taylor is beginning to like the place exceeding well, and we calcu late the only way to prevail upon him to leave it, will be to buy him off with a good round sum of Mexican gold. By later advices we have learned, that Car rahajal had succeeded in collecting about 800 horses, and had passed within fifty miles of this place, on his way towards Camargo and Monte rey, upon the west side of the San Juan river.— I list furthermore, it is generally understood that lm has had interviews with the Alcaldes of the jurisdictions about Reynoso nnd Camargo, and that they have agreed upon a declaration of inde pendence. Generals Terrejon ami Joarigue are hi Montery, Gen. Ampudiu is in San Luis Putosi. Gen. Mejie is still with the remnant of the army, in which much sickness prevails, owing no doubt to their precipitate retreat. Gen. Arista is now at his hacienda ; although ordered to Mexico lie declines going, alleging that his accusers are pres ent, and that where they are, he expects to an swer all calumniations. A report is in circulation among the Mexicans in town, that several launches, with their crews, belonging to the fleet blockading Tampico, have been captured there. There are evident signs of rejoicing at this. It has now rained here every day for the last ten. The like was never before seen or heard, at this season of the year, in Mexico. The Americans arc to blame for the whole of it. The Mexicans say they would not be at all surprised if the Rio Grande should freeze over next winter. Gen. 'l'aylor.— When the news reached here on Wednesday, that Gen. Scott would not su percede “ old Rough and Ready” in the com mand of the forces operating against Mexico, every face was elated with joy, and loud and nu merous were the expressions of delight that fol lowed the announcement. Fvery body seetued and as of opinion that lie should he left to con smnmate that work he so gloriously begun; and now that the reins are in his hands and the wheels of his vehicle unlocked, we have no doubt that lie will be A 1, at the winning post. Loved by his own soldiers, respected by the enemy, (for his generous and humane conduct to them here.) idolized by the people of the United States, and complimented by all their corporate bodies, what else was needed to fill foil the measure of his glory, but that which he has just received_the absolute command of the Army of Occupation; a position which in the hearts of Americans finds a pre-eminent and a lasting place; and falsifies the common saying, that “ Republics are ungrate ful »» R We understand that when this news was given publicity to in the brigade of volunteers, so great was the joy of the men, and so apparent, that their colonels immediately called them out, and marched them to the bank of the river opposite the old hero’s quarters and gave him a military salute, after which the soldiers gave him three cheers, the heartiness of which plainly indicated that they were from the heart. Steamer “ Frontier" lost.—We learn by per sons direct from the mouth of the river, that the Frontier, in attempting to cross the bar at the en trance of the river, struck, and there being a hea vy sea, heat to pieces. She was laden principal ly with government stores, a largo portion of which will be lost. Ibis loss will be severely felt here, particularly at this time, as the contin ued rain has rendered the land route hetwpen here and Point Isabel almost impassable, creating much detention in the transportation of provisions, &.o., necessary for the subsistence of the troops.” BOARD OF EXAMINERS NAVAL SCHOOL Annapoi.is, Maryland, July II, I84G. Sir :—I have the honor to enclose herewith the list of midshipmen who have passed their exami nation before this board, the names being arranged in the order of merit which has been assigned them. " It is proper to remark that the qualification and merit of Messrs. R. Anlick and R. Savage were, in the estimation of the board so precisely equal, that it was thought admissible to determine by lot who should stand number one, and the choice fell on Mr. R. Aulick. Very respectfully, LAWRENCE KEARNEV, President Board of Examiners. To the lion. Secretary of the Navy. A hut of Midshipmen in the order of rank assign ed them by the If oar d of Examiners, Julv'lO 181G. * j No. Name. 1 Richmond Aolick, 2 Robert Savage, 3 It. A. Marr, 4 William N. Jeffers, 5 William 1). Austin, 6 John J. Pringle, 7 Kd ward Brin ley, Jr. 8 Edward Simpson, 9 W'illiam G. IVmple 10 George P. Welsh, I I S. P. Carter, 12 William Nelson, 13 William II. Smith, 14 It. M. McArann, 15 C. W. A by, 16 Charles Dyer, Jr. 17 Edward C. Stunt, 18 F. B. Brand, 19 Reuben Harris, 20 John WaJoutt. 21 J. B. McCauley, I 22 Thomas S. Phelps, ]A'o. Name. ‘23 John Madigan, 24 A. F. Warley, 25 G. V. Denniston, 2G Leonard Paulding, 27 George A. Stevens, 28 F. A. Conover, 29 S. B. Elliott, 30 K. Gregory, 31 Edward Barrett, 32 John \Vr. Bennett, 33 Peter Wager, 34 John P. Hall, 35 II. C. Blake, 36 Clark II Wells, Qllfickenbush, 38 Earl English, 39 Charles Waddell, 10 l). Ochiltree, 11 J. M. Bradford, 12 R. B. Lowry, 43 F. P. Whellock. Correct: L. KEARNEY. President Board. Attest: James Tii.ton, Secretary of Board. Approved, July II, 1846. GEORGE BANCROFT. j THE STEAMER MASSACHUSETTS. We learn from good authority that a letter ha* been received in the city of Washington from one ofCapt. Stewart’s company of volunteers, dated July 1st, announcing the arrival of the sieamer Massachusetts, with the command of Lieut Col Watson, at that place. The volunteers were all in Rood health, having suffered with nothing but »ca-sickness during the voyage, and are represent ed to have been in excellent spirits.— lull. Sun. DANGEROUS SPORT. On the 4th, a couple of John Bolls, from Cana da, paid a visit to Qgdensbtirgh, New York, dressed in an ordinary sailor’s garb, ami after luf lenng about for a time, ascended to the top of (be liberty pole, and lowered the “ star-spangled ban ner." No sooner was the outrage discovered than the crowd made a rush for them, and were only prevented from executing summary justice by their prompt arrest. After being carried before a magistrate, they were allowed to depart on con ditions that the flag be immediately replaced. By the assistance of others this was done without de lay. and they made good their escape from the excited crowd. SUDDEN DEATHS IN NEW YORK. The Coroner held an inquest yesterday io 20th street, near the 3d avenue, on the body of Ter rence O’Neill, horn in Ireland, who cntne to hia death by the • fleets of heat. Also, on the body of Lewis Lam, held at the dead house* park, 20 years of age. born in Germany. Death from the effects of ihe heat. Also, on the body of an on- -i known man, found at the corner of Carlisle street and West, in a state of insensibility. Taken to ; • he hospital and died immediately. Santa verdict. Also, at No. 85 First street, on the body of Wm. Sherwood, born in Ireland, 26 years of age, w ho •■:<mn to his death hy the effects of the beat while 'I work. A Is i. at No. 221 west 21st street, on >l e body of John M'Groih, blacksmith by trade, •• m m Ireland. 22 years of age. Came to his demit from the effects of drinking cold water while in a heat. Also, at No. 334 Hudson street, on the body of Abraham Blanbelt. born in Rock land county, <J7 years of age, wiio came to his death hy the effects of the heat. Also, in Bloom inmlale Road, near 48ih street, on tbs body of John O’Brien, born in Ireland. 50 years of age, w ho died hy the effects of the heat. Also, at No. 91 llammersley street, on the body of Chris topher Dmscher, horn in Germany, 45 years of I age, who died from the effects of the heat. Also at No. 123 w est 19ih street, on the body of Evan Pughe, born in Wales, 28 years of age. who cattio to his death hy exposure to heat. Also, at No. 8 Howard street, on the body of John Neal, horn in England, 37 years of age. The deceased went to work from 5 o'clock,until 7 in the morn ing. and then went to Coney Island,and upon hia return, went home to his boarding-house, and died at about 10 o’clock tho same night, supposed to bo from the effects of exposure to heat. Also, at No. 119 Grand street, on the body of James Cur rington, who came to his death by the effects of the heat. Also, at No. 48 Marion street, on the h"dy of Thomas Kennedy, born in Ireland, 54 years of age, who died through the effects of the heat. Also, at No. 102 Centre street, on the body of Edward Hawker, who came to his death by intemperance and exposure to the heat. Also, at the dead house, on tho body of an unknown man, about 50 years of age, who came to his death by drowning. Verdict accordingly. Also, on tho body of an unknown man, who died at the City Hospital from the effects of exposure to heat The Coroner held yesterday fifteen inquests, and Aid. Purser three-making in all 18 deaths, 14 of which were caused hy the extreme heat of tho weather. There is seven more yet lobe held • his forenoon, from the same cause. The exces sive heat has occasioned an unusual number of deaths, and renders it very necessary for general health, that the inquests should be promptly held. The Coroner being, we supposed, engaged in oth er parts of the city, Aid. Purser, of the 4th ward held the following inquests yesterdav afternoon’ On the body of a boy, aged about 7 years, found in the dock, at the foot of Pike street, at an early hour. The body was recognized by Mr. R. Hart, of No. 40 Catharine street, as that of his son* who fell into the water last Wednesday evening while playing at the Screw dock. Verdict, acci dental drowning. On the body of an old French woman, called Madaine FnntenePe. residing at N». 271 William Sho .i.imd CI,otch in the morning about half past 9 o’clock, and was then in her usual health, hut was brought homo about 12 o clock, in a dying condition. Dr. O Donnell promptly attended, but his efforts were ineffectual, and she died about 3 o’clock She appeared nearly 80 years old. and in destitute circumstances Verdict, apoplexy.—JVew York Herald, July 13. ANOTHER PRESIDENTIAL CANDI- h DATE LAID UP. The Buffalo Commercial says Judge McLean must be laid on the shelf and remain where he is for life. Some of the Whigs suggest also that Henry Clay withdraw, in order that they may P<'t Mr. Crittenden on the track in his place.— The Whigs are sadly nt a loss for a candidate._ Their policy now is to keep the Natives from spoil ing General Taylor, in order that as a last resort they may. with their allies, fall back on Old Rough-and- Ready. FROM THE MOUNTAINS. A company numbering some fifteen or sixteen men, says the St. Louis New Era, of the 4th inst., arrived yesterday on the steamer Balloon. They started from Fort St. Pierre about the first of last month, and catne ns far as Fort Leaven worth in two Mackinaw boats laden with robes. Getting tired of their boats at that place, they abandoned them and shipped their contents on board the steamer Balloon, in which they reached this city. The only item of news they bring is the arrival and encampment of a large body of Mormons, three or four thousand in number and near one thousand wagons, at Belleview, a short distance below Council Bluffs. They had bpen there and on the road several months, and were suffering, it is said, severely for the want of pro visions; many were reported in an actual state of starvation. Provisions and Game are vrry scarce in that portion of the country, and to supply their immediate necessities they had bought all the provisions stored at the Bluffs for the use of the I'or Company. Three messengers were seen by our informants on their way from Fort Leaven worth to them, but not, ns has been supposed, for the purpose of enlisting men for the Santa Fe ex pedition ; of quite a different nature wss their er rand, but the exact purport of which was not known. It is said that it is the intention of the caravan to cross the Missouri and take up their winter quarters on Platte River above the Paw nee country, and next spring to go on to Oregon. LATEST FROM FORT LEAVEN WORTH. The St. Louis New Era of lhe4lh inst says:_ The Steamer Archer arrived ir. this city yester day. She left Leavenworth on Wednesday last. Col. Kearney left the Fort on Monday, and the Inst companies (those of Y\ eightrnan and Fischer) left on luesday. The A rt il lory started with some I iron cannon, hut ten miles from the Fort the hor ses used for hauling the cannon and baggage broke down and|they were compelled to send back to the h ort for other horses. The Archer took up two pound brass howitzers and four brass cannon, six pounders, from Jefferson City, and an express was sent out to return and get them. Capl. Weighttnan was still sick but getting better; Lieut. Simpson and ten or twelve volunteers re mained to escort Major Clark tfnd Capt. Weight man when thev should be ready to follow the army. A large quantity of provisions were still piled up at Leavenworth. HEAVY ROBBERY. The Savannah Republican slates (bat the resi dence of Mr. Billingslen, near Whiles7illef Har ris county. Geo., was entered by some person or persons, and robbed of about 512.000—upwards t>l $3000 in gold, and the balance in Stale bonds. Boil* Mr. Hillingalea and his overseer were asleep in the house when the robbery was committed. I ho rogues entered the house through an open window, struck a light, obtained the keys, and escaped with their booty undetected. Strange that any rnan should keep money thus exposed. COL. PAYNE. Lieut. Col. Payne, says the Baltimore .Sun, one of the officers wounded in the gallant actions on the Rio Grande, arrived in this city on Mon day evening, bringing with him a variety of the trophies of war, and amongat them the celebrated banner of the “ Battalon d« Guards Cusla do Tanpico.” Ho came up. we understand, on the Norfolk boat and is on his way to Washington. The Cincinnati! Gazette chronicles a general failure of the grape crop in that region.