Newspaper Page Text
___ T/I L Ml W FRA.
What ir if ' • M • ■ l-usy T fc ? fowptr. VOXTNIHM TH, Va. Tt KSO t »•, FEBRUARY *33. IK47. ~~~ OUR FLAG! rRAn>i“LOW Dt'TIES no DEBT—SK £«5^T,ON banks ECONOMY RE ^?»^!EN 1 AN,) sTRiC'r adherence To THE CONSTITUTION DR HOLLICK. It gives ns pleasure t«> announce the arrival among OR of Dr lldlirk. who. we understand in tendR lecturing both in this town and Norfolk. TROOPS SAILED. The barque Exact. (-apt. Johnson, having on board the Jefferson Company, Capt. Rowan. Berkley Company. Capt. Alhnrtis. ami the Pi.rts mouth Company. Capt Young. Railed from Old Point yesterday, for the seat of war. CAPTAIN EDWARDS. \A e learn from the Beacon, ol .Monday rnorn ing that the President has nominated ( apt. O. E. Edwards, who has hepn so indefatigable in rats ing R,lo sustaining a Company ot Volunteers in the city ol Norfolk, to a Captaincy in The United Slates Service, tinder the ten Regiment Bill. REVENUE STEAMER •• POLK ” This beautiful iron Revenue steamer, say« the Richmond Enquirer, of Monday, now lies in the stream at Rorketis. She has heeu transferred to the Navy Department, and will probably leave Richmond in n few days for the Portsmouth Navy Yard, and from thence to the Gulf of Mexico. THE NAVY APPROPRIA TION BILL. Tho Navy Appropriation Rill, f„r the year ending on the 30th June. 1848. was passed by the Senate on Friday last, alter making several amendments thereto. Ii was then returned to the House for their concnrenee in the amendments. ELECTION IN NEW ORLEANS. An election in New Orleans on the 12th inst., resulted in the choice of two Democratic Senators and the Represent ative from ihe 3d district_in the 5th district there was a tie, and of course there must be another trial. A BILL OK DIVORCE. In the House of Delegates on Saturday, the bill divorcing William R. and Virginia Myers came up nn its passage. «hen some opposition arose, and after a short discussion a motion was made for its indefinite postponement. The yeas and nays were called for. which resulted in a vote of 24 ayes, and 73 nnes. The hill was then passed, Mrs. Myers is hereafter to be known as Virginia Pollard, her former name. PRIZE POEM. The prize of 8150 offered hy ihe proprietors of Graham’s Magazine for the best poem, has been awarded to “ Autumn,” a poem by Jesse E. Dow, Esq., of Washington, and which is spoken of as a production of great merit. OFFICERS OF THE VIRGINIA UEGl MENT. We copy from the Beacon the following list, furnished hy Col. ILiiitminck, of the Officers at tached to the first Regiment of Virginia Voluo leers for the war in Mexico. The Regiment con sists of twelve companies, ami musters one thou sand one hundred and twenty eight strong. John F. Hamtramck, Colonel. T. B. Randolph, Lieutenant Colonel. J. A. Early, Major. W m. H. Anson, Surgeon. Dr. Bell, Assistant Surgeon. - Kemper, Assistant Quartermaster. - Erskine, Assistant Commissary. T. P. August. Adjntant. John Brock. Seargenl Major. H T 'owner and John Cunningham, Principal •. Musicians. Captains.— Robert G. Scott, Jr., James F. Preston, Kenton Harper, John W . Rom an, Fletch er H. Archer, John P. Young, Montgomery D Corse, E G. Alburns, S. P Bankhead. Ed Car rington, \\ in. M. Robertson. Wm. B. Archer. First Lieutenants.—'I' P. August, (Adj.) F Gardner, R. H. Kinney, John Avis. Franklin Pegram, John K. Cooke, T. 8. Ashby. O. H. Harrison. Thus. S. Garrett, G A. Porterfield, Jas. L. Byan. L. M Shoemaker. Secaml Lieutenants.—John J. Fry, Robert Donnan H. II Rianger. Jas. M Wade. V. E Geiger, Wm. II Harman, S P. Washington, Wm. McCormick, I). A. VVeisiler,- Peter son, E. J*. Blnmire, Wm. M. Levy.- Wal ters. Jas. S. Douglas, Geo. W. Chambers, I). W. Gray, I). D. Coleman,- Mahan, C. R. Munfurd, II. H. Williamson, A. R. Shands, W. J. McGoMan, R. II. Keeling, - Downing. TIIE NEW HAMPSHIRE GAZETTE. This paper, published ni Portsmouth, New Hampshire, has enter* d upon its ninety third year, being ihe oldest paper in that State, and ono of a very few in the United Slates which have seen an equal number of years. It has, from its foundation, invariably advocated the cause of the People and of Democracy ; and its history comprises ihe history of the Nation and the State, from that period to the present. It has recently been united with the •• Republican Un ion/’ another democratic paper published at the same place, and the entire imprest hi both sold to Wm. P. Him,, Esq., who will hereafter con duct the united establishment. under I ho name ol “The New Hampshire Gazette and Republican Union.” Mr. Hill has, fur a number of years, been connected with the establishment of “Hill’s N. II. Patriot,” at Concord, and, under Ins man ! agement, we have no doubt the Gazette w ill he entitled to rank among the ablest Democratic journals in the country. Speaking of 'he approaching elections in New Hampshire, the last number of the Gvzetle says: “ We have all faith to believe that it will (ell snrh a story, as will fill the sotil of every true democratic republican, not only within hut with out our S’ate limits, from the Aroostook to thp Rio Grande, with joy. The eyes of the Democ racy of the whole country are now upon New Hampshire. Retraved, as she has been for the past year—not simply into the hands of modern whrggery, but worse than that—into the close embrace** of last war federalism, dilii'ered over to ihe grasp of Ihe real Simon pure, bine light, Hartford Conrenlian federalism of IHI2, which preach) « ' pepee” w fieri ottf coirniry is at war with an i- vading enemy, and would stir up war when i• is,,- pace; which aims io eae.ite internal strifes, dissension* and cum root ions at all times; which ra’U and tunes at the caution of the Father o* H • ( or. try. (.«•? given in his Farewell Address,) ami bends 'is » very energy to “ alienate one sec ton >r this glorious Union from another.’’ bv the oonitnn.il agits'ion of ibe question of Slavery, for the removal of which it does not, will not, and — m II,, ■ivm.'w jin——m cannot, |*r- pise a practicable plan — wo sav. be trayed m New || ■ 11:tosliir•' bas been fir •in*» yo»r • nin the clutches • • f aticb a fiction. ibe eyes of tlie Democracy in every Jy.ate of the I'ntuii .r» now naturally turned towards the ruining election, which we believe will moat assuredly redeem it from its present thraldom. ARRIVAL OF I MF, STKAMKR C \MMRI V. 10 DAYS I ,\TEN FIS DM El HOPE. Tlir Corn mill JS'tfiir It tilth J Jim's Suspended_ Ji Rapid Decline in Flour, Co in, (irnin ami ('oil on. From thl» correspondent of the B MimiiVc Son, we learn that the steamer ( imht'H arrived »t Boston on Saturday afternoon, after a passage of sixteen days, bringing dates from I/verponl fjf fen (lays later than thirty brought hy the Sarah Sands. Sinee tin- sailing of the Sarah Sands, a rapid decline has taken place in the Foolish markets in the price ot Flour. Corn, Grain and Cotton. The decline in flour and grain was caused chiefly hy the suspension of the Corn and Navigation laws. Its effects on our markets, will he made apparent In a few davs L i* said that on the departure nf the Cambria, although large sales had been made, the stock of flour in Liverpool alone, was estimated at 500. 000 barrels, with a corresponding stock of grain. This news, it is Raid, has caused great surprise among dealers in New York, as prices were look ing up on Saturday. Queen Victoria has given her royal assent to Bills passed hy Parliament for the suspension of the Corn and Navigation laws, which will, of course, have an effect to lighten the effect of the reduction in prices on the markets of this country A Bill lor the suspension of Sugar duties was under consideration hy Parliament. The Cambria brings £2.0(H).000 in specie. The Pope of Rune lias contributed one thousand Roman crowns from his private purse for the re lief of Ireland. There was no mitigation of the suffering in Ireland from the effects of the famine. In Franc* there were more disturbances, and a threatened famine seemed to he impending. I lie Bank td Fnglanrt has again advanced its ra'es of interest. Lord John Russell has introduced in Parlia ment his scheme for the relief and improvement of Ireland, which consisted of a recoin.. that money he advanced for seed crops ; and that loans he made lo landlords for the improvement of water lands, or that they he hong lit hy govern ment at fixed rates. If they w ill neither sell nor improve, government is empowered to take at a fair valuation. He also recommends an appropriation of Xlt 000,000 sterling, for the reclamation of wasie lands; that drainage he extensively carried out: and that the laud purchased he resold in small lots, creating yeomanry proprietors, for temporary relief. ' The new poor law committees hy this plan are to distribute the money and food ; out door relief is also recommended to aged and infirm paupers, making in all a promised outlay of at least X7. 000 000 sierlii g. I he French Chambers have adopted a hill, providing for the lowest possible rate of duty to be levied on food until September next. I he American loan to the extent of four mil lions sterling, has heeh negotiated in London. The French government has addressed a eircu lar to their consuls in Mexico, prohibiting French subjects from taking letters of marque. Lord Palmerston stated on authority that no person in England was authorised to issue letters of marque. * The Russian government is concentrating troops on the frontier of Poland. Contracts have been made for supplying the French Government with two millions and a half kilogrammes of Mary land Tobacco at 1034 francs per kil gramme. I hirty-five thousand barrels American fl »ur had arrived at Havre. Much distress prevailed in the manufacturing districts of England. There was hut little work, and food was high. The Pope preached a sermon on tfir* I3'li of January. which was the first sermon preached by a Pope id three hundred years. INTERESTING FROM THE ARMY. Extracts from a correspondence of ihe New Orleans Delta, dated. Tampico. Jan.24ih, 1847. Eds Delta — l arrived at this place yesterday being just one month on the road Irom Monterey, including 10 days vie passed at Ciudad Victoria. On our arrival, ive found the town under com mand of Hrig. G.*n. Shields, who had with him a Free ot about 200(1 men. Hp has made many additions lo the strength of the place, since the occupation ofit, and numerous fortifications have hepn thrown op in the rear of town. At Altimira, one day’s march from here. Gen. Patterson overhauled us with two companies of j Tennessee cavalry, and lie reached Tampico situ ultaiieniisly with the division of Gen. I wiggs.— As soon as he got into town, in* received the usual salute ot the discharge of ordnance j after which ceremony, General Shields surrendered the gov ernment of the town to him. Th e whole I'ircp here now, including the corn- i mands ot Gena. Quitman and Pillow, who are encamped within It) miles of the place, will scarce ly exceed 7(X)() men, and we expected to find, at least, that noinner here he fore arriving with the 5000 from Monterey and Matarnnras. I he health of the In Nips, just arrived from the interior, could not he better, and although they have ended a tedious march, they are ready and willing to undertake another, at short notice, ci ther to Vera Cro* or the •• Halls of the Montezu ma*.” One of the Government steamer* has ascended the Panucosodie 75 or HO miles, without meeting with any obstruction, and fruit and hide boats arrive here very often from many miles above there. I’he euc-impnient of Gen. Twiggs’ command is immediately on the hanks of the Pantico, three miles from ’Tampico, and In the right of the Vtc- ! toria road. Gen*. Quitman and Pillow are quar tered for the present, on the same stream, though higher up, being within 7 miles of Allarmra, and 10 ol'Tampico. Everything here now is quiet, and all anxiously looking for the arrival ol Gen Scott, whose pnsenre, it is supposed, will be the signal for marching preparations. As I said before, it is impossible lo say what wll he done, hot the general impression is, that the whole force will he moved on to Vera Cruz, and that it will go by land as fur as I ospan, if not the \y hole way.— The poneim have tie n working on the road for some distance in that direction. A “hurt time after the last o| Gen. Quitman’s division had left V ictoria. 1 tjOf) L/incers w ho were there when he first arrived, eame into the town, purposing no doubt, to lake tip their old quarters. A* some of the members of that division renamed behind lor a time, arid have not corne up, it is sup posed*that they have been captured. Mr. B gelow,beef contractor for the 2-1 volunteer division, just arrived, ran a narrow escape a day or two since. He left the advanced division, ar-d was proceeding to the rear one, alone, when tie was beset by a party of Mexicans, and hi* leg broken by a shot. He did not fall from his horse, and by hard riding succeeded in petting into ^ * 'oilman’s camp followed hy tin* M< xica*is up to • ! •• very lilies In a letter dated January 2S'h— the writer Ki. yk ; — ** 1 learned last night. (Jan 27.) that Lieut II tohie. id ihc 4' Ii Int'iilry. Was assassinated a' V lla ( Inernte t»v a M' \h mi. lie was mi liis ** ay t*> Victoiia. escorted bv a Company of Ken lockv Cavalry, (ten Tavlor encamped itiere f'*r the night, and tlie Lieutenant was sauntering • out the town when it happened The next ieoining the General had arrested Mie Ah-iete. hut I have n t learned wIk-'tier the perpetrator of the ••ntraiie had Keen taken. “ O e ol the officers ol Gen. Quitman’* divi in staled to me yes’er.lav, ilia! the M>jcican *valrv were in sight of them for more than hall e march from Victoria. On some clear place n the mountain side they xamtKI arrange them» -■ Ives for a charge, and then start pell mell in the direction o| the column. Hut I n**»’tl not sav i" von that they never came •within musket shot. Several of ihemeo w ho lagged behind were killed i>a Mu hi. One. a member of the Haltimnre bat talion. was killed cl se to the rear guard—being fi si shut, and then lanced in the breast. I have not ascertained to what corps the other missing ones helongi iJ. ” At Aliimira. a Tennessean lost his horse _ liis Captain look the responsibility of sending lor ihe Alcalde, and informing him that he would remain a close prisoner until the horse was pro •lured. In a short time after a horse was brought in. belonging to another companv of the same r*girnent, Mien another belonging to the same, and ultimately the one in question Thp three hail been stolen by the minions of the Alcalde, and tlie arrest of that individual saved the ser vice three horses. Gen. Quitman, it is said, put the man under arrest for the responsibility.” Wo hear nothing of an early movement from this place, and from the preparations that are fie ing made, it would be difficult to say when one would he made. At the encampment of Gen Twiggs, they are clearing off ground and build ing wharves, as though they contemplated a six week’s rest, and I understand Gen. Hillow will move nearer to the town than he now is. At §20 per mouth there are at least 100 Mexi cans working on the fortifications here, and from Mie manner in which they are being Constructed, one Would think they had not the least intention of ever surrendering the place again.” The same correspondent in a letter dated 1 ampic.i. Jan. 31,’’ say*—There are rumors here that G'*n. Taylor’s rearguard had been at tacked, near Linares, and that tie had lost a num ber of wagons and mules, hut I will not believe it until 1 hear something more, although it is a section of country where an attack of that sort is most likely to In- made. Hcsides the numerous hiding places about there lor Mexican soldiers, and the large settlements, the Mexicans would like in trouble old Taylor for that money transac tion in l.inr.rrs. You may kick a Mexican, and he will probably forget i'., hot touch his pocket, and lie’ll remember you the longest day he lives. PUBLIC MEETING IN RICHMOND. At a meeting of the Democratic members of the Legislature, the Democratic party in the city of Richmond, and other members of the party, visi tors in the city, held in the Hall of the House of Delegates, on Tuesday evening, the Kith inst., for the purpose of giving expression to the senti ments of the meeting in relation to the recent ex - pulsion of the Editor of the “ Union” from the Senate Chamber of the United States, Col. John Ruiherfoord, of the city of Richmond, was called to the Chair, and \Y. R. Drinkard, of the town of Petersburg, was appointed Secretary. Washington Greenhow. E«q., of the city of Richmond, submitted a few remarks in relation to the H’i’mnt ptoviso to the “ three million” bill, which lias just passed the House of Represent lives, and presented the following Preamble and Resolutions for the consideration of tlie meeting : W her- as, the hill commonly called the three million bill did on yesterday pass the House of Representatives in the Congress of the United Slates, with a proviso known as the Wilmot pro viso. which attacks the domestic institutions of the Sooth, and which proviso is in the following words : “ Provided, That, as an express and fundamen tal condition to the acquisition of any territory from the Republic of Mexico hy the United Slates, by virtue of any treaty which may he negotiated between them, and to the use hy the Executive of the moneys herein appropriated, neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist in any part of said territory, except for crime, whereof the parly shall he first duly convicted.” Therefore, Resolved, I. That the Wilmot proviso is in direct opposition to the compromises effected hy the Constitution of the United Slates. 2. Resolved, That it is the duty, not only of every Southern man, but of every friend of this Union, to oppose such mischievous doctrine as that asserted by the Wilmot proviso, 3. Resolved, That in making peace with Mexico, no question involved in the Wilmot pro viso should be considered by Southern members in Congress. 4. Resolved. That in making peace, or con tinning war with Mexico, we should, under no circumstances, agree to make the one, or to prose cute the other, upon the terms of the Wilmot proviso. 5. Resolved. That not only every Southern man, hot every upholder of the Constitution, should resist the pursuance of any course which shall carty out the doctrine of the Wilmot pro viso. t>. Resolved. That lh#» Democratic parly of Vrirs*iniH am hound, hy their possession of the Legislative power of the Stale, to take immediate action upon this vital question. /. Resolved, That, upon this absorbing ques tion, all differences of political opinions should he forg itteu, and all Virginians and Southern men should unite, heart and hand, in resisting, even unto Heath, the doctrines nt said proviso. After Horne remarks, from various gentlemen, upon the subject introduced hy these resolutions and the propriety of taking action upon them at this meeting—m.me thinking that they should he referred to a general meeting of citizens ot nil parties, and nil expressing their decided approval •«f the principles which they set forth— On the million of Robert G. Scott, |5<n , of the city of Richmond, the following resolutions were adopted : Resolved, That while this meeting entirely ap prove the sentiments expressed in the foregoing resolutions, it entertains the opinion they involve grave and important matter; not for the exclusive consideration ol a party meeting, but of one com posed of the people without regard to party dis tinction. Resolved, therefore, That they be referred to a committee of twenty peisuns, to be appointed by the Chair, from both political parties, with in st ructions to consider the same and to call a meet ing of the people, without reference to party, for the consideration of the said resolutions, on Sat urday evening next, at the hour of 7 o’clock, in this ||a||. 1 he Chair appointed the following gentlemen members of the Committee called for hy the last resolution : Kobert G. Scott. John W. Jones, Vtn cent Witcher, VV. II. Macfarland, Samuel K. Good son, Samuel W atts, Washington Greenhnw, I). IM. Ivlgmglnn. John li. Wallace, Andrew Hunter, Ldward P. Scott, James Lyons, Lewis K. Ilarvie, Gharles P Dorman, Win K. Ritchie. George T. Yerby, Walter D. Leake, Win. C. Carrington, James H. Carson, and John VV. Sy me. The following preamble and resolution were •hen offered by Mr. Daniel of Prince George, and adopted by the meeting : fVherene, we have ever regarded ibo freedom nf the t>n ss in the diseussion of public measures ■uni die ie>is >.t public iiii'ii,as the great safe guard ut tinr liberties and insittntions; and whereas, we should ever be watchful to defend and ready to rc-ist any infringement upon it. so long as we profess to be bee Americans and claim the inhe rent rights • i freemen ; therefore, Hcsnlretl. I hat, in Ihcopiriion of this meeting, 'he rrcent resolution of i tn • Senate of the l Ini fed Stales, expelling the eilitots of ift«* Union trom the Senate (‘haio'rcr is in utter violation of the free dom ut the press, cannot tie justified by either ex pedieney or principle, is oppressive in its effects, dangerous n> us tendency, ought to be resisted, amt receives our unqualified condemnation. On 'tie motif.I'M'. Smith, of the State Sen ! ate. the proceedings ul this meeting were ordered , to t*e puhiislieil in :he city papers. On iiintion. the meeting adjourned JOHN RUTUKRFOORD. Chairman. W. R Dkinkxkd. Secretary. At the meeting on Saturday night, tlie above resolutions relating to the *• Wtlrnot Proviso.’’ were adop.ed, together with a supplemental reso lotion ot Mr. R. (i. Scott, pointing (,ut the true course to he pursued by the South. From the No** York Sun. THE FAMINE IN IRELAND. JWrfMily of Immediate Action.—The question has I een asked in what way will the contributions for Ireland be transmitted .in money or in grain and provisions ? This is a question of some imporianpe. If money ts sent, fond must fie purchased on the spot at a great advance of price, including all the expenses of shipment, See. A much better arrange ment can he made by chartering vessels and send ing grain direct. A depot in this city is now open to receive every thing that may he sent for the relief of Ireland. Corn meal, the principal ar ticle, together with flour and provisions, may he purchased in the interior of the State much cheap er than m the city, and probably the railroad lines will firing M io the city free of charge. Cargoes of bread stuffs and other articles would be easily raised, and if ships are prepared to sail far Dublin or Cork or any safe depot near the Parishes which are suffering most, the relief will be prompt and acceptable. In every Sea port in llte. Union a vessel could be immediately chartered an.l loaded with provisions nfall kinds, and thus a fleet would arrive nn the Irish cuast in April and thedestruc live famine would be stayed until harvest time. A very large sum of money can he raised for the object it the whole Union will only move imme diately . and ifcorn.and wheal, and flour are ship ped whenever a vessel is ready to take a cargo on board, there are many hundreds ••fhenevulem men who will throw in a few dozen hams ant) a barrel of salt beef, and each m this way can contribute his mite in free will offerings which in the aggre gate will he a great alleviation Vo the present suf fering. No time should be lost in carrying out this design. The poor are dying. Pes ilence and famine arc; doing their work of death. We can reiieve them if we move in time. From the Washington American. •• DIED OF STARVATION!” Written alter reading the above words—the ver diet of a coroner’s jury—among the accounts brought by the late steamer of the appalling distress of Ireland. BV EDW. M. HEIST. “ Dieij of Starvation God of Heaven !— We wildly ask—can this be so?—■ /IV. to whose board is kindly given Each bounty that earth (an bestow. So well are all our wants supplied. That we scarce deem it true, when said, That human ones, like us, have died— Arc dying now—for want of bread ! “ Died of Starvation !”—Ah ! no more Pause at the words, or doubt the talc . Each ship that cometh to our shore From Erin’s island, brings the wail Of millions calling out for aid — Ofsirk and dying humankind— For, in the track by Famine made, The Plaque, dread monster, stalks behind ! “ Died of Starvation !”— Did’st thou hear Those words, proud woman, on thy.throne?_ Victoria ! did thy gentle oar E’er hark a starving wr trh’s moan ?— If not, go list the frantic call Of those who cry aloud for brrnd— Go where, like blighted leaves, they fall, And gaEe on the uncofiined dead ! Dif.p of Starvation !- Shall we stand Unmoved, by Erin’s misery? Alt, no! but let the helping hand Go from amidst the blest and free ! — Let us divide with her our wealth — For her s id onrs our granaries ope — And to their wasl forms give health, And to their drooping spirits, hope. From the Philadelphia Keystone. A TRIUMPH FOR THE PEOPLE. I he case of Dr. 1 lollick which camp up on Tuesday, and occupied the Court of Quarter Sessions during the whole day, was given to the Jury on the adjournment of the court ; yesterday the verdict of not guilty was rendered. Tins was precisely ns we expected, tlie intelligence beaming lortli in the countenances of the Jury, left no doubt, hut (Ins must he the result, as it was on the former trial. i vv»»Hst11uii«»n ot onr 2i"riouR Rppnhlic ro cognizes the right of every citizen to (iommunicate w hatever iiiio vledge he may possess, (and none cm he so important as that of a knowledge of human nature.) to his fellow-citizens. This was the “ head and front of Dr. II..Hick’s offend ing.” lo a few jealous professionals, whose minds are as small as their practice, or they would have known that persecution and sympathy in such cases, invariably accompany each other. During the trial on 'Tuesday a stranger in court i could riot hiil have noticed the highly respectable and large number of gentlemen who were present as witnesses on behalf of Dr. II., and the pity they manifested f..r the unfortunate individuals to whom J. G Clarkson, F«sq., ihe learned counsel for the defence, administered such a withering castigation, an.I never did a rebuke apply more forcibly, or the recipients feel it more severely. I he charges against tho Lectures were uncon ditionally abandoned—the same as at the former trial, thero being not a particle of evidence against them. Respecting Dr Hulliclt's writings there is but one opinion, and that was clearly expressed in the W ashmglnn Union on the 19th of January last, ami is now endorsed by the twelve intelligent citizens who have decided that Dr. llullick is ‘■.Noi Guilty” "f the charges brought against him, We sincerely hope he will continue to disnemi mte those valuable troths, for which his Lectures and Books are proverbial, and by which means alone the mass of the people can acquire them. I he monopolists in knowledge, and especially in medical knowledge, well kn..w this information and the mysteries of ihe profession cannot harmo nr/.e. Well, let us have more light on the sob jeet — the more the better, either for individuals or for the whole community. Lacncii of \ .Steamship at Cincinnati.— A Steamship called ihe Fanny, was launched at Cincinnati, Ohio, on the 10'h mst. The Chroni cle of that oily says :—“ The vessel is 600 ions burthens—165 feet in length—30 in breadth of deck, nr j | | bold. Stir is to be rigged bark fashion. Her engine is built by Darkness. She is owned by Capt. Deshnn, and will fie comman ded by Capt Pnifield. no . Xperiericeii and accom plished officer She is destined for tho Gulf ser vice, and lias, we understand, been chartered for Government transportation through that channel. I be United Slates troops, (numbering 38 rank and file.) stationed at Fort Pickens, were to leave Pensacola on ilie 9th for New Orleans, thence to rmbr.rk for Tampico. From the Boston Po»t. “ OUli COUNTRY—IIOWRVKR ROUN l)KD.” I Ills toast, given, I behove, hv nor whig repre 'sentalive in Congress. Mr Winthmp, ha* been i repeatedly censured, without evidently any just ! cause, by those who are disposed to give aid and , comfort to ihe'enemy, embarrass our government. ; 'lid dn all the injury they eau ro this country while engaged in a war of self-defence. The phraseology smells of the shop, and undoubtedly comes front the IcohI expressions in deeds of con veyanecs, where, after stating the boundaries, it is usual to add, "or however otherwise hounded.” ! I he meaning of the toast is plainly this. •• pro*, periiy and well being to the whole of oor own country, within its actual legal boundaries, wher ever those boundaries may be.” Thai any one should object to such a toast, is unaccountable. Whoever would not assent to il is an a Vowed j enemy of Ins country. Rvery one, however, has | a right to fix those boundaries for himself, in his j «'w o mind, and is not obliged, in drinking the I toast, to accept of the opinion of any other person I in regard to them. Rut let us consider the sentiment in another point of view. 'The constituted authorities of | this country have legally receiver! Texas into the I Union ns one of the Federal State*. Texas was | an independent State, so recognized hv us, and also by the principal powers of Rurope. She i freely and law tolly, according to the proper forms, consented thus to come into our Union. The boundaries of the State have been fixed and de clared, and were also expressly acknowledged and agreed to. |»v treaiy with the existing gov eminent of Mexico. We had, by the union with Texas, become Ijonnd to protect her and her rights; and an invasion of her territory, thus fixed and settled was an invasion of the United Slates. ’The G overnmeni could not, therefore, do otlier w ise than protect ourselves and our own territory. I exas, so In mi mled, is actually our country. A* such, even with this understanding, who but a traitor, one totally divested of the instinctive love of country, and worse even than savages, could object lo the toast — " Our Country however bounded ?” CONFUSION OF PAllTIRS. 1 he war in Mexico has created a strange con* fusion in the ranks ot the two great political par ties. and in Congress we see those who have been considered leaders acting directly at variance with the wishes of a large nnmhpr of the party they have always been attached to. Some Democrats may be found acting against Democrats, and even some of tlif* leading Whigs are in the same cate I gory. Col. Webb, speaking of Mr. Corwin's speech,says ; \\ fine i am <lplighlPtl to the highest praise upon the manner of tlie speech, the sub stiinee of it. | regret to say. was such as excited in itie Itreasts of nine-tenths of ifie Whigs who heart! it, feelings of regret, disappointment and vexation. A more thorough anti war. and, in my judgment, anti ,imerirnn speech, in very many particulars, cannot be imagined. Do not mison derstand me. I do not inlend to cltarge Mr. Corwin with any anti American feeling ; hot sorb are his private, peculiar views of the war with Mexico—views which the ultra anti slavery feeling in Ohio tends to foster—that if nor Whigs in Congress were generally to adopt them, the Whig party of tho United States would be re duced to a miserable handful of factious spirits, of far less weight, in the future political struggles of the nation, than were the anti war Federalists of 1812.” A NEW THOUGHT ABOUT EXPLOSIVE COTTON. We see hy the Democratic Pacijiquc of Paris that the European Governments are in no small trepidation about the discovery of the new explo sive cotton. It puts a terrible power in the hands of the people, which can he manufactured very easily, and concealed in spite of policy researches The French government wishes to suppress, but it found that it would have to suppress so many materials—all kindsnf acids,cotton, hemp, paper, &c., that it would he impossible. Revolution no doubt will he greatly facilitated hy this invention, and it comes at a time when reform ideas agitate the masses more deeply than ever before. The act is that the kings and rulers of the world will have to undertake tho work of elevating peace fully the oppressed and miserable masses, or takp consequences far more serious titan have hereto fore fallen open them for the neglect of their duty.—JYcicarlc Daily. HORRID OCCURRENCE. A circumstance of rafher a heinous character, bordering on crime, was related to us on hoard the steamboat Selma. On her downward trip n Rev. Mr. J. D. Lee, who has been a resident of An tattgua County for some time past, and has per formed many pastoral duties in the neighborhood adjoining our city, came on the boat at Gardner’s Landing, with two iadies tinder his charge, arid 25 or 30 negroes, which he said were going on to Louisiana. The morning after the embarkation a new born child was found hy one of’ officers of the boat, on the cotton aft of the wheel house, and immediately under the ladies’ cabin. After the matter was exposed on the boat and things became public, suspicion, from among ten or fif teen ladies, rested on one of Rev. Mr. Lee’s com pany, though both of those ladies were at the breakfast table Mint morning. Evpry person bp ing anxious to ascertain the perpetrator of so hein ous a crime, the captain wisely gave it out that no person should leave the boat, on her arrival at Mobile, until the fact was ascertained When the gentleman was openly accnspd of it, he came forward and slated that Miss Reddy, one of his company, was the mother. After the occurrence the gniliy man undertook to add a new theme to the crime, by trying to throw the child overboard, and thus bide the stigma of the woman by bury ing it in the river, ft seems that this Miss Red dy was a daughter of his (Lee's) sister, and had been living in bis house from childhood. The culprits arrived in Mobile as the Lake boat was leaving for New Orleans, and the unnatural moth er taking the feminine creature along with her. thereby baffled the civil authorities of the city from their rigid course.—*lla. Stale Guard. Fioin the N. V. Tribune. A TRAGEDY OF DESTITUTION AND AVARICE. On Monday. 81I1 inst. about 4 P. M. a woman 59 years old, named Betsey Rich, having a tiro ken arm, ho.I living alone, in a little room at 207 Sixth Avenue, wliilo rooking a miserable meal with wood shavings in h«r fire-place, accidental ly exposed her apron to ih<* blaze and was instant ly enveloped inflames. Her cries speedily brought a crowd around her, but lot* late — her clothes were extinguished w hen nearly destroyed, and, at the recommendation of a physician, she wa« con veyed to the Alms Mouse, where she died on Thursday morning. As she adhered to the Epis copal denomination, though not a member of the Church, a clergyman of that Church attended to give her a Christian burial, and an Episcopal lady volunteered to pay the funeral expenses, when the clergyman suggested that her apartment, which had been fast locked meantime, might as well be searebed to see whether she did not leave enough to pay the sexton. 'The suggestion was followed, when, to the astonishment of all, especially of the philanthropic gentleman who had been foremost in smoothing her dying pillow, and on whose charily she had subsisted all Winter, thpre was found a good Bond at Mortgage for $2,800, (be side $100 accrued interest, which had been offer ed her but she insisted on its being retained to draw interest with the Bond.) a Savings Bank book on which stood $9G 09 to her credit, $38 in ■ ifold and silver in tbr**** purses wound on in lint: halls, beside a lull rh. Ki of Balding. Clothing. &'* The poor creature, though sin- hail lived in filthy and squalid beggary wah this abundant wraith at her command, staled on her death bed (without hinting at »l»»» possession ofthis property) that she hail fjl.fifVt duo her in Conuecttcut, of which, however, no trace w»s found among Itnr • fleets, nod that a land-agent named Hiram Par ker had recently nh-e unfed. defraudim/ bur of $200. Alter two days* di i'tgcnt inquiry, the benevolent tew who had taken an m erest in her miserable late, discovered a nephew ot her first husband (she had had two) a young ship carpenter in tine nt nor ship yards; hut it is understood that shu leh a daughter who is married, hut of whom no recent true- can he found. Perhaps thjs article •i*:,v ri ddn her to claim and receive her mother's proper y, w. rlli over $3,000 in ready cash. PERILS OF THE SEA. A letter from Mr. Israel Wood, of Providence, (U I .) dated Liverpool, states that he sailed Rom New York in November last, in the * Theo dore Frelinghuysen.’ hound In North Carolina, and tor thirty one days after leaving New V rk , they wore subjected to a succession of violent galea, driven a long way from the coa t. their vessel much shattered, and their provisions and water nearly all consumed. On meeting an En gltsh slop, they requested to be taken off, which could not then he done, in cone* qneneo of the heavy sett, hut the captain promised to lie by until better weather. Soon nfier which, during the n:ght, the two vessels came together, and before they separated. Mr. ..I and Ins son, and two of the crew, climbed on board the ship. In the morning thh schooner could toil he seen, and it is supposed that site went down with all on board. PRINCE MURAT. I he Riiston Post has a long letter from Talla hassee, Florida, in which occurs the following notice of a naturalized citizen, whose name when bourne hy his father, made some noise in the world : “ Among the prominent citizens of Florida, we find a live Prince; the son of Murat, King of Naples. Prince Aehille Murat is a singular ge nius Inheriting all his lather’s courage, hut lit tle of his chivalric love of glory, he has settled dow n on a plantation, the quiet citizen and spec tator of the affairs ol the world. Various anec dotes are related of him. The prince once fought a duel. He catne on the ground with his surgeon and took his station smoking his cigar. Ho quiet ly puffed, and when the wind was given he fired, Plie unfortunate Floridian, his antagonist, was shot and fell. Moral’s surgeon, seeioir his cm ployi*r boll upright, ran to assist the fallen. I hi* prince, who hail a little finger cut nearly oil by the other’s hall, railed to his suropdfi— 'Vi»at f*T y« n go there? See you. doctair,” holding up his finger dangling by a bit of skin,*-! want you t<> cut my finger off. Let him, poor devil, go. He got what ho come for. I pay you vnn hundred dollar to coino here and cut bullet out of my body if that rascal shoot him in. L*>t him pay for his own carving. It he not satisfied, I give him another hall just as soon as you can cut off my finger.” But one ball did satisfy his antagonist, and they retired. I he prince is fond of hunting, and goes in for the profits of the field and moor. Nothing that swims the water, flies the air, crawls or walks the earth, but that lie has served up on bis table. Alligator steak, frogs’ shins, boiled owls and roasted crows arc found palatable; hut there is one animal that the prince don’t like. The buz zard is one too many for him. “I try him fried ; I try him roasted ; I try him stewed, and I make soup of him, but the buzzard is nut gout. I have no prejudice against him, I but conk him every way, and then I no like him.” Buzz lid’s soup ! think of that ! It takes a Frenchman to dtvelopc the resources of a new country.” BLACKNESS OF DARKNESS. Attended by police officers, and a few curiously disposed gentleman from nut of town, we lately paid a visit to tin* old “ Brewery Building,” in Anthony street. We had to pass through" what is called “ Murderer’s Alley,” which is about 100 feet long, when we found ourselves in a very large and rickety building, which was cut up in small rooms. 1 he number of families which are supposed to call that their home is sixty, and a more miserable sei of beings wo have never seen. Our visit was in the night lime, and most of the residents were at home. In one room we saw a husband and his wife, with three children, sound asleep on a bed of shavings, and the furniture of the room consisted only ol a pine box, a wooden bowl, which was lull of meal, and a tin cup, whiln on the hearth of the empty fire place were scatter ed a few meatless bones. In another we saw a woman in a beastly state of intoxication, whose child, wrapped in some fihhy rags, was lying upon a bed of tvarm ashes in one corner of the fire place. In one a lot of half clothed negroes were fighting like hyenas; and in another a for lorn o*d mao was suffering, with delirium tre mens. As our leader walked on peering into the dark rooms of poverty ami infamy, we were fnret tdy reminded of Dante's description of hell.— 1 In- majority ol women were widows, ami we were informed that the rent they paid varied from 2 to G shillings per week. Our guide directed our attention to the back yard, where, within the last two years upwards of twenty people were found dead. I heir histories remain in inystety, .and we are told of the very singular fact that a funeral has m>t neen known to occur at the Brew ery, for many years,—as it is the market place for anatomists and their menials. VVe could hardly believe, until we saw it. that such a place as the Anthony street Brewery actually existed in the Empire City.—JY. Y. Express. Pekcival tiie Poet.— Percival the poet, of whom we have not heard a syllable fora long pe riod, has turned misanthrope it seems, like Kotze bue's “ Stranger,” and rp.sides in the Hospital, near New Haven, Conn. The Horne Journal says, “ there are not half a dozen individuals in the city, with whom he will hold converse—and there is a story abroad, that a brother poet, Wil lis Gaylord Clark, attempted to pay him a frater nal visit, bat after announcing his name, was com pelled to give and receive Communications through a dubious crack of the door. Pereival seldom goes abroad, and when he does, we are told lie may he distinguished by the abject slovenliness of hts appearance from any man in the street. Dis appointed love! what obliquities in character and conduct dost thou riot produce.” A tv Ft) r. Dbp i*. a vTTr.—The Shelby Ky., News, of the ,Stl, relates that Mr. Dowdeu, a Hiptisl clergyman in Spencer county, had been led to suspect the fidelity of Ids wife, lie started off as she supposed on a preaching tour of a week or more, but returned the next night, lighted a can dle and went into Ids bedroom, where lie found a full verification that his suspicions wpre not un founded, a man being with his wife. Mrs. D. immediately jumped out of bed, went to a bureau, and got from a drawer a large butcher knife, with which she stabbed her nnsband three times in the stomach and bowels—wounding him mortally.— lie made not the least resistance—apparently de termined to let her who had so basely betrayed Ids honor, and destroyed his peace, also rid him uf life. Kdgar A. Poe has obtained a verdict of :igaiost ihe publisher of the New York Mirror, lor thr* purification of a libel. Tim article all*g-'d to bp libellous was a severe letter written bv I hos. Dunn K.nglisb, reflecting upon Mr. Poe’* rharacter and habits, of which the press took sotno notice about aix months ago. N