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Virginian-pilot. (Norfolk, Va.) 1898-1911, January 06, 1899, Image 1

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VOL. II?yd. 82.
were senTSoS me^ Two members of the Knickerbocker Athletic club
man. whose allotment was Innocentlygive byhim to MrV x a-POl80ned mediclne ?nU died, and Harry Cori
Aguinaldo Goes to Hollo to Lead
His Men.
TIio Nctt Filipino Cnblncl Plcilgert to
IIcHlnt United NtHicn ? What ttt?
Minister of Foreign Affair* Claims
and DcmniKln?Npnnlab I'rliouers.
(By Telegraph to Virglnlan-PIIot.)
Paris, January C.?Arn ofllclal tele?
gram received here by the Filipino Jun?
ta, dated Manila, January 4, says that
Aguinaldo has gono to Iloilo, at the re?
quest of the insurgents there, to place
himself at their head, with the view of
their possible fighting1 with the Amerl
The dispatch also gives a list of the
members of the* new Filipino cabinet,
with facts as to their antecedents. The
following have definitely accepted of?
President of tho cabinet and minister
of foreign affairs, Mabini.
Minister of the Interior, Theodoro
Sandico, a civfi engineer, educated In
England and Belgium, and taken to
Manila from Hong Kong by Hear Ad?
miral Dewey.
Minister of war, general Aguinaldo, a
cousin, of Aguinaldo, the president of
the so-called Filipino' government, and
a leader of the Insurrection from the
beginning. Ho Is described as a large
land owner of Oavite.
Minister of finance, General Trias, a
Close al'ly of Aguinaldo.
Minister of public works, Gregorlco
Gonzala, a lawyer, until recently the
Filipino agent at Hong Kong, and for?
merly Spanish attorney general in the
The cabinet Is described as homogen
uous, every member being pledged, ac?
cording to advices, to resist the Ameri?
can military occupation of the Philip?
A member of tho Filipino Junta here
explains that Aguinaldo did not run
away, but "left Mamila for the moun?
tainous regions behind Cavlte, in order
to make arrangements for his voyage
to Hollo."
The Filipino who furnishes this in?
formation also categorically and spe?
cifically asserts that the latest tele?
graphic advices declare that if the
Americans insist upon the occupation
of the principal cities by the American
troops the whole of the Filipinos will
"resist by force of arms."
Mabini, it appears, claims recognition
of the independence of the Philippine
island-s, and will not consent to the
release of the Spanish prisoners, but,
it is added, he is willing to come to an
understanding with tho Americans, "as
allies," for the surrender of the Span?
ish military and civil, officials and
others, which wWl only be made on the
following conditions:
1. The negotiations to be opened for?
mally between Spain and the national
Filipino government, Spain nominating
a delegate to treat therewith.
2. An exchange of prisoners and Spain
to repatriate, firstly, all the Filipinos
?held prisoners tor having been directly
or indirectly connected with the insur?
rection; secondly, all prisoners of war
condemned as traitors, revolt era or de?
serters, or for having in any manner
seconded the Filipino movement during
the present century, this surrender to
be made before the Filipinos release
the Spanish prisoners, and Spain to
grant amnesty to all Filipino? and
Spaniards accused of complicity In the
3. Spain to defray n\i the expenses of
repatriating the Filipino prisoners, and
also tin.' cost of maintaining and repa?
triating thi> Spanish prisoners held by
the Filipinos, such payment being con?
sidered a war Indemnity; the national
Filipino government consents to pay
the expense of repatriating those Fil?
ipinos captured in formal action, al?
though, it la added, "as a matter of
fact the Filipinos are also entitled to
demand the payment thereof by Spain."
Friars taken prisoners, it is further
asserted, will not bo Included In the
exclrtnrge; "Kctwig that they acted ns
papal agents during the war, but their
surrender would be made on the con?
dition, firstly, that the apostolic dele?
gate will nsk their liberty in the name
of the Pone; secondly, that all bulls
and pontifical decrees granting special
privileges to the religious orders be re?
voked; thirdly, that ull rites of the se?
cular clergy be respected; fourthly,
that no friar hold any parish, cathed?
ral, episcopal or diocesan preferment;
fifthly, that all such preferments be
hold by native or naturalized Filipino
clergy, and, sixthly, that rules for the
election of bishops be fixed."
Madrid, Jan. 5.?The following official
dispatch has been received-from Ma?
"The insurgents refuse to liberate the
prisoners on the demand of the Amer?
icans, claiming that this might be con?
strued as an act of submission to the
United States. With regard to liberating
the monks, the insurgents intend to ne?
gotiate with the Vatican directly. Gen?
eral Rios has now opened direct nego?
tiations with the insurgents concern?
ing the prisoners."
Washington. D. C, Jan. 5.?It was
Bald: at the War Department to-day
that no word of any sort had been re?
ceived from General Otis since the last
published advices. The Paris dispatch
on AguinaJdo's movements was read
without comment, and those in author?
ity refused to say whether any cre?
dence W8fl pi,iced In it or whether any
fresh advices had been sent to General
Hong Kong, Jan. "..?Leading repre?
sentatives of the Filipino Junta in
Hong Kong in the course of an inter?
view with the correspondent of the As?
sociated press to-day declared that the
serious crisis in the Philippines Is due
to what they designate as "overt, un?
fair treatment of the Filipinos by the
United States." They said that despite
the known fact that the whole of the
Visayas group was in possession of the
Filipino forces, General Otis was order?
ed to take possession of the entire arch?
ipelago and dispatched troops and war?
ships to the Southern Vissaya?. The
Filipinos, according to the Junta repre?
sentatives, are determined to prevent
the landing of the Americans at Hollo,
and may aa a last resort destroy the
city for strategical purposes.
(ConUnuad on Sixth Page.
Mr, John Skelton Williams Con
firms Report.
Tlio Plann of (he i'lirclnisluir Hymll
culo t'outouiplnto the Mnlntalu
aiive of the Line fit a Separate f*y i
* fin I!} an Fitch Is tlie Deal.
(By Telegraph to Virginian-Pilot.)
IIa.]timore, Jan. 5.?John Skelton Wil?
liams, president of the Georgia and
Alabama Railroad Company, and head
of the syndicate which has bought a
controlling interest in the Seaboard
and Roanoke Railroad Company, par
?corporation of the Ocabuatd All1'
Line system, arrived in Baltimore to?
day to confer with Ilaltimoreans who
are Interested in the big deal with
him. In regard to the plans of the syn?
dicate, Mr. Williams said:
"The syndicate will maintain the
Seaboard Air Line as nn independent
system, and it will continue to be the
most important factor in tho trade re?
lations btween Baltimore and the
South. I wish to emphasize the fact
that the purchase was not made in the
interests of any other railroad com?
pany, nor has the Southern, the Atlan?
tic Coast Line, or the Pennsylvania,
the- least interest in the syndicate. We
bought the property as an investment,
and will operate it on our own account
und not in connection with any other
system. The syndicate is composed of
Baltimore, Richmond and New York
capitalists, Richmond interests pre?
"I am not at liberty to divulge our
plan in full at present, as the details
connected with the transaction will
have to be worked out. I will say, how?
ever that improvements will be made
wherever necessary, and the system
made second to none in the country. It
traverses a rich Rection of the South,
and I have no doubt that in time it
will become one of the most prosperous
properties in that section.
"In regard to the rumors that It is
our intention to build a line to con?
nect the Seaboard Air Line with the
Georgia and Alabama, thus forcing a
through line from Washington to Jack?
sonville. I will sny that matter has not
been determined. The report that the
two roads an- to bp consolidated prob?
ably arose from the fact that the mem?
bers of the syndicate are largely In?
terested in the Georgia and Alabama
railway. At the prope ? time 1 will be
glad to make a statement In regard to
the future of the Stabonrd Air Line."
Baltimore. Jan. 6.?Thomas P. Ryan,
of New York, owner of 2,700 shares of
stock of the Seaboard and Roanoke
Railroad Company, tiled an applica?
tion for an Injunction in the Circuit
??nun to-day. to restrain Ix>uis McLane
as a member of the pooling committee
from transferring some 3.000 shares of
stock to any person other than Mr.
Ryan. The court is also asked to com?
pel Mr. McLane to deliver Bald stock
to Mr. Ryan p.: J12? per share in nc
ec rdnnee with an agreement made on
October (5, 1&96. Judge Wyckes did not
act upon the petition.
(CoaUauod os Sixth Page.)
President Issues Instructions
to General Otis.
Authority of United Hintes lo Be
erted for .Security ot Persons nnd
Property ? Existing; Muulelpnl
i.ic.tx to Continue In Foreo-Pri?
vate Property to Do Respected ?
Port? Opon to Commerce.
(By Telegraph to Virginia-Pilot.)
Washington, D. C, Jan. 5.?The policy
of the administration toward tlsf Phil?
ippines is shown in the following cable
message made public at the War De?
partment to-day:
Washington, D. C. Jan. 6,1899.
Adjutant General's Ofllce,
Washington, D. P., Dec. 27, 1S9S
General Otis, Manila:
By direction of the Secretary of War
I have the honor to transmit herewith
instructions of the President relative
to the administration of affairs In the
Philippine islands:
"Executive Mansion,
Washington, D. C, Dec. 21, 1S9S.
"To the Secretary of War: I
"Sir?The destruction of the Spanish
fleet In the harbor of Manila by the
United States naval squadron com?
manded by Rear Admiral Dewcy, fol?
lowed by the reduction of the city and
the surrender of the Spanish forces,
practically effected the conquest of the
Philippine Islands and the suspension
of Spanish sovereignty therein.
"With the signature of the treaty of
peace between the United States and
Spain by their respective plenipoten?
tiaries at Paris on the 10th instant, and
as a result of the victories of Ameri?
can arms, the future control, disposi?
tion and government of the Philippine
Islands are ceded to the United States.
In fulfillment of the rights of sover?
eignty thus acquired and the responsi?
ble obligations of government thus as?
sumed, the actual occupation and ad?
ministration of the entire group of the
Philippine Islands becomes immediately
necessary, and the military government
heretofore maintained by the United
States in the city, harbor and Bay of
Manila Is to- be extended with all pos?
sible dispatch to the whole of the ceded
"In performing this duty the military
commander of the United States Is en?
joined to make known to the inhabi?
tants of the Philippine Islands that in
succeeding to the sovereignty of Spain,
In severing the former political rela?
tions of the inhabitants nnd in estnb
lishing a new political power, the au?
thority of the United States is to be
exerted for the security of the persons
and property of the people of the Island
and for the confirmation of all their
private rights and relations. It will be
the duty of the commander of the forces
of occupation to announae nnd proclaim
in the most public manner that we
come, not as invaders or conquerors,
but as friends, to protect the natives
in their homes. In their employments
and in their personal nnd religious
rights. All persons who, cither by ac?
tive aid or by honest submission, co?
operate with the Government of the
United States to give effect to these
beneficlent purposes, will receive the re?
ward of its support and protection- All
others will bo brought within the law?
ful rule we have assumed, with firm?
ness if need be, but without severity so
far as may be possible. *
"Within the absolute domain of mil?
itary authority, which necessarily is
and must remain supreme in the ceded
territory until the legislation of the
United States shall otherwise provide,
the municipal laws of the territory, in
respect to private riglvt3 and property
and the repression of crime are to be
considered as continuing in force, and
to be administered by the ordinary
tribunals so far as practicable. The
operations of civil and municipal gov?
ernment are to be performed by such
officers as may accept 'the supremacy
of the United States by taking the
oath of allegiance or by officers chosen
as far as may be practicable from the
Inhabitants of the islands.
"While the control of all the public
property and the revenues of the state
passes with the cession, and while the
use and management of nil public
means of transportation are necessari?
ly reserved to the authority of the
United States, private property,
whether belonging to individuals or
corporations is to be respected except
for cause duly established. The taxes
and duties heretofore payable by the
Inhabitants to the late government be?
come payable to the authorities of the
United Statr? unless it be seen fit to
substitute for them other reasonable
rates or modes of contribution to the
expenses of government, whether gene?
ral or local. If private property be ta?
ken for military use, it shall be paid
for when possible In cash at. a fair
valuation, and when payment in cash
Is riot practicable, receipts are to be
"All ports and places in the Philip?
pine i^la.nds In the actual possession "f
the land and reival forces of the Uni?
ted States will be opened tt> the com?
merce of all friendly nations. All goods
and wares, not pro*ilWted f.>r military
reasons by due announcement of the
mriittiry authority, will be admlted up?
on payment of such duties and other
cha/rgt.s nj? shall 1k> in f<rrce at the time
of their importation.
"Finally, it should be the earnest nnd
paramount yjm of t'he military admin
urination ta> win the confidence, resptvt
and affection of the inhabitants of th<
Philippines by assuring to them in
every possible way that full measure
of individual rights and liberties, which
is the heritage of free peoples, and by
proving to them that the mission of the
United States Is one of benevolent as?
similation, substituting the mild sway
of justice nnd right for arbitrary rule.
In the fulfillment of this high mission,
supporting the temperate administra?
tion of affairs for the greatest good of
the governed, there may be sedulously
maiwtained the stivng arm of authori?
ty, to repress disturbance und to over?
come ail obstacles to the bestowal of
tho blessings of good stable govern?
ment upon the people of the Philippine
Island under the free flag of the United
"Acknowledged receipt.
"Adjutant General."
Manila, Jon. 5.?Major General Otis,
military commander of the United
States forces In the Philippine Xslands,
has issued a proclamation to the
Filipinos based upon Instructions re?
ceived by cable from President Mc?
'Che proclamation, which consists of
seven hundred words only, appeared to?
day in all the papers simultaneously.
General Otis, after reciting briefly
I President McKinley's instructions, ex?
presses the opinion that It is the Inten?
tion of the American Government while
directing affairs generally to appoint
representative men, forming the con
troling element, to civil positions. He
also expresses himself as convinced that
the United States Government Intends
to seek the establishment in the is?
lands of a most liberal government, in
which the people will bo as fully rep?
resented as tho maintenance of law
and order will permit, susceptible of
development on lines of increased rep?
resentation nnd the bestowal of In?
creased powers. Into a government as
free and independent?as is enjoyed hi
the most favored provinces In the world.
To this end he Invites the full confi?
dence and co-operation of the Filipinos
Nothing Is said in the proclamation
regarding the disarmament of the
General Otis asserts his belief that
the United States Government intends,
so far ns Is consistent, to draw upon
tho Filipinos military force.
Although the government at Mnlolos
has been reconstituted, Aguinaldo is
still president of the Filipino Republic.
A dispatch from Malolos suys that a
majority of tho members of the new
Cabinet belong to the militant wing of
the party. Mabinl's address to the Con?
gress, however. Is more pacific than has
been anticipated. It was Chlelly a
series of meaningless phrases, outlining
I no definite policy.
(BytTelegraph to Vlrglnlatn-rilot.)
Princeton, N. J., Jan. 6.?Ex-Presi?
dent Cleveland, In reply to the request
of a representative of the Associated
Press for an expression on the question
of expansion and nunexattlon. said:
"I do not care to repeat my views
concerning the prevailing epidemic of
imperialism nnd territorial expansion.
Assuming, however, that my ideas or.
the subject are nntiqua.ted and un
sulted to these progressive days, It is
a matter of surmise to me that the
refusal of certain natives* of our new
possessions to acquiesce in the benefi?
cence of subjecting them to our control
and management should in the lenst
disturb our expansionists- This phase
of the situation ought not to have been
unanticipated nor the incidents natu?
rally growing out of it overlooked. The
remedy Is obvious nnd simple. The
misguided inhabitants of our annexed
territory who prefer something differ?
ent from the plan for their control,
which we propose or who oppose our
designs in their behalf, should be
slaughtered. The killing of natives has
been a feature of expansion since ex?
pansion began and our Imperialistic
enthusiasm should not be checked by
the prospective necessity of destroying
a few thousand or a few hundred thous?
and Filipinos. This should only be re?
garded as one stage in a trnnseenden
tully great movement, a mere incident
in its progress. Of course some un?
prepared souls would then be lost be?
fore we bad the opportunity of Chris?
tianizing them, but surely those of our
clergymen who have done so much to
encourage expansion could manage that
Onlvary for t'nbn,
(By Telegraph to Virgln'.nn-Pllot.)
Huntsvllle, Ala., Jan. 5.?The remain?
ing six troops of Eighth Cavalry have
been ordered held In readiness for de?
parture to Savannah, where they will
take trie transport Michigan for Neu
vitas, Cuba. Signal Corps Company
17 will accompany the cavalry, which
will leave within the next few days.
Major Clarence R. Edwards, adjutant
general of tho Fourth Corps, hns been
ordered to Havana to serve with Gene?
ral Ludlow. Captain J. K. Thomp?
son has been detailed ns ncting adju?
tant general of the Fourth Corps
Ornamenting Tree* lu Alitbnmn.
(By Telegraph to Virginian-Pilot.)
Banks, Ala., Jan. 6.?A barn belong?
ing to a white farmer named Green
was burned yesterday, together with
some corn and other products. Sus?
picion was directed towards Marshnll
McGregor, a negro in Mr- Green's em?
ploy. This morning bis body was found
hanging to a tree near where the barn
had stood.
other telegraph page 6.
Telegraph News?Patres l and 6
Local News?Pages 2, j and >
Editorial?Page 4.
Virginia News?Patres 7 and S.
North Carolina News?Page 9
Portsmouth News?Pages to and It
Berkley News?Pa',*e n.
Markets?Page 12.
Shipping - Page 12.
The President Transmits it
Without Recommendation.
Geographical Boundnrlc4or tho Fall*
Ippln? Islands Ceiled -Wlml Spain
Retains nnd CudermkH to Tarn
Over In Munition? of War ? Botb
Coimtrlea Release Claims Dor Id?
dcmnlty, Nntlounl nnd Individual.
<By Telegraph to Virginian-Pilot.)
Washington. Jan. 6.?The following Is
the President's message, and the letter
of tho Secretary of State, transmitting
to the Senate the treaty of peace con?
cluded at Paris between the United
States and Spain, together with the
official text of the treaty being an ex?
act copy of the document brought to
the United States by the American
To tho Senate of the United States:
I transmit herewith, with a view to
Ks ratification, a treaty of peace be?
tween tho United States and Spain,
ber 10. 1S98; together with the protocols
and papers Indicated In the list accom?
panying the report of the Secretary of
Executive Mansion, Washington, Jan?
uary 4, 1899.
To the President:
The undersigned. Secretary of State,
has the honor to lay before the Pres?
ident, with a view to its submission to
tho Senate, If deemed proper, a treaty
of peace, concluded at Paris on Decem- a
ber 10. 189S, between the United States
and Spain.
Accompanying the treaty are tho
protocols of the conferences of tha S
Peace Commission at Paris, together
with copies of statements made before
the United States Commissioners, and
other papers indicated in the Inclosed
list. Respectfully submitted,
Department of State.
Washington, January 3, 1899.
The United States of Anverica and
Her Majesty, the Queen Regent ot
Spain, in the name of her august eon,
Don Alfonso XIII, desiring to end the
slate of war now existing between tho
two countries, have, tar that purpose,
appointed as plenipotentiaries:
The President of the United State?,
William R. Day, Cushman K. Davis, ,
William P. Frye, George Gray and
Whitelaw Reld, citizens of the United
States; und
Her Majesty, the Queen Regent ot
Don Eugenio Montero Rios, president
of the Senate; Don Buenaventura d?
Abarzuza, Senator of the Kingdom and
ex-Minister of the Crown; Don Jose da
Garnica, deputy to the Cortes and As?
sociate Justice of the Supremo 'Court;
Don Wenceslao Ramirez de Vllla-Ur
rutla, Envoy Extraordinary and Min?
ister Plenipotentiary at Brussels, and"
Don Rafael Cerero, General of Division;
Who, having assembled In Paris, and
having exchanged their full powers,
which were found to be-in due and,
proper form, have, after discussion Of
the matters before them, agreed upon
too?following articled:-~
Spain relinquishes all claim of sov
eretgnty over and title to Cuba. -.And
as the island is, upon its evacuatlonvby
Spain, to be occupied by the Unic<?d
States, the United States will, so lonjfrs
as suoh occupation shall last, assuma
and discharge the obligations that may
under international law result, from tho
fact of its occupancy, for the protection
of life nnd property.
Spain cedes to the United States the
island of Porto Rico and other Islands
now under Spanish sovereignty in tho
West Indies, and the Island of Guam,
in the Marianas or Ladrones.
Spain cedes to the United States tho
archipelago known as the Philippina
Islands, und comprehending the Islands
lying within the following line:
A line running from west to east
olong or near the twentieth parallel o*
north latitude, and through the mid?
dle of the navigable channel of Bachl,
from the one hundred and eighteenth
(118th )to the one hundred and twenty*
seventh (127th) degree meridian of lon?
gitude east of Greenwich, thence alo"
the one hundred and twenty-seven*
(127th) degree meridian of longitud
east of Greenwich to the parallel o
four degrees nnd forty-fivo minute
(1.45) north latitude, thence along th
parallel of four degrees and forty-frvs
minutes (4.15) north latitude to its In?
tersection with the meridian of long
tude ono hundred and nineteen degrees
and thirty-live minutes (119.33) east of
Greenwich, thence along the meridian
of longitude ono hundred and ninete
degrees and thirty-five minutes (119.35)
east of Greenwich, to the parallel
latitude seven degrees and forty mln
utcs (7.40) north, thence along the par
allel of latitude of seven degrees an
forty minutes (7.40) north to its inte
section with the one hundred and
teenth (116th) degree meridian of
gitude east of Greenwich, thence by
direct line to the intersection of th
tenth (loth) degree parallel of north
latitude with the one hundred and
[ eighteenth UlRth) degroe meridian of
longitude east of Greenwich, and thence
along the one hundred and eighteenth
(118th) degree meridian of longitude
east of Greenwich to tho point of be?
Th,- United state1.- will pay to Spain
the sum of twenty million, dollars (JJO,
OOO.nAo) within three months after th?
exchange of the ratifications ot the
present treaty.
{Continued, op Fifth Page.) ,.

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