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ilfiS Page?! j IN TWO PARTS. ^TITTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTT* TTTTTTTTTTTTTTT TTTTTTTTTTTt xtmnmn ] WEATHER FORECAST FOR TO-DAY J \ NORFOLK AND VICINITY? ? ? Cltarin? and much colder; lif ht lo ? j Ittsh ?cuth wind?, shifting lo touth- p I _ _? StTTT? ??ttt- TYTTTTHTTTTTTTTn f T T11TITTTTTTTTT TTTTT? VOL. II?NO. 98. NORFOLK, VA., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 25, 1899?TWELVE PAttES. THREE CENTS PER COPY. NEWS FROM THE PHILIPPINES Purchase of Steam Launches Displease Filipinos. DENOUNCED AS HIGH HANDED Filipino Cnncrci? at Hnlolea Cnitnl? monsly Votoeo Annexation ? m?. itbled Npnntsli Prisoners Released -Amrrlenu Prosram Outlined mi Madrid-Appointment or Commli. ?ion by rreeldenl JU llinirj Pro? nounced a New Attempt at IInm bnc - Insnrgent* United Under Agnlnaldo. (Tiy Teleeraph to V1rrinian-Ptlot.) Hong Kong, Jan. 24.?The members of the Filipino Junta here have issued the following statement: "The purchase by the American au? thorities at Hong Kong of a number of steam launches for river work In the Philippine Islands is high-handed, un? necessary and vexatious. "Domiciliary visits throughout Ma? nila are exasperating the Filipinos. Their suspicions are aroused by such actions. The dispatch of reinforce? ments Is Ineompattble-wlth-peaoe, and the appointment of a commission Is only a pretext to gain time. The Amer? ican secret police is acting offensively toward the Filipinos at Hong Kong, who are British subjects. "The Filipino Congress at Malolos has unanimously vetoed annexation." RUMORS FROM MADRID. Madrid, Jan. 24.?A dispatch from Hong Kong lo the Reform* of this city, says a letter received from the Philippine islands under date of Jan? uary 20th, announces that the rupture between the Filipinos and the Ameri? cans 1? an accomplished fact, and that the lives of the Spaniards in the arch? ipelago art* endangered. DISABLED PRISONERS RELEASED The Minister of War, General Correa. received a cable dispatch to-day from General Rlos, the Spanish commander in the Philippines, announcing that the sick and maimed civil and military prisoners were released by the Filipinos toHlay. The general added that he hupe? the remainder of the prisoners Will be liberated shortly. THE AMERICAN' PROGRAM. The Imparclal to-day says: "All the intelligence from the Phil? ippine islands shows that tile Anmri cans recognize their inability to over? come the insurgents In the island ot Luzon and the Yisayas. The Filipino? Understand that the Americans wish to tyrannize over them and exploit them as the Spaniards never did. The Americans Intended to exercise their power merely nt the important ports, ?but they are already convinced lii.it such a domination would not be effi? cacious. They would be constantly lighting the Insurgents, and the latter Would soon put an end to thi- Ameri? cans, as the Filipinos have on their side not only bullets, but the climate and the enormous expenditure Hut sit? uation will entail on Hie American:'. This explains Washington's desire to first g.-t the treaty of Paris voted, ami then open negotiations with the rebel Chiefs in order lo see if Agulnaldo anil Inc. colleagues will consent at least to accept an American protectorate WRH self-government." FILIPINOS ARE SUSPICIOUS. Manila. January 20. via Hong Kong, Jan. 21.--The Indepcndencia to-day is? sues a supplement containing a dis? patch, purporting to come from Ma lol is, the seat of the rebel government. It comments upon the appointment of the commission, and say?i: The Filipinos naturally suspect this Is a new attempt to humbug. Both Dowry and Spencer Pratt, promised us Independence if the Filipino republic was stable. The Filipinos are disillu? sioned. They believe Ihe commission Is a ruse lo gain time till they have aci umulatcd formidable forces, when America, abusing her strength, will be? gin a war to ratify her sovereignty." The Independence then alleges that all the commissioners are partisans of colonial expansion and Incidentally as? serts that the archbishops also favor annexation "with the sole object of gaining the sympathies of the winning side." READY FOR THE FRAY. The Filipinos of Caloocan and dega langln. mistaking salutes exchanged be? tween British and German warships on January ISth. moved three thousand men to the front In order of battle, covering the adjacent country, but they did not attack the American lines. AGPINALDO'S At'THORITY RECOG? NIZED. Reports from the Interior indicate that Agulnnldo's authority is now gen? erally recognized. Every available male Is being recruited and arms depots are being established at San Bernardino, Union. Trinidad, and other large- towns. The surrounding country Is being levied on for supplies, and the Filipino troops are living on the fat of the land, while the native villagers are compelled to subsist on rice. INDEPENDENCE THE WATCH? WORD. There is some friction between the Tilipino civil and military authorities, but they are united on the question of Independence. It Is estimated that there are fully 30,000 Filipinos under arms, and It 's said there are nearly fifty Maxim guns nt Malolos, some of them having been recently acquired. The Filipino authorities are convinc? ed, they say, that the Americans will be unable to work effectively outside of Manila In the event of hostilities, hence they feel confident of tho future. Many of the Filipino officers complain of alleged discourteous treatment upon the part of Americans at Manila. AGONCILLO PRESENTS PAPERS. Washington, Jan. 24.?Senor Lopez, Secretary to Agonclllo, tho Washing? ton representative of Agulnaldo, called at tho State Department at 1 o'clock this afternoon and lodged with the Chief Clerk a communication, which, accoiding to tho common expectation, marked tho critical stage In the Phil? ippine question. This Is the third at? tempt made by Filipino representatives to secure ofllcial recognition from the United States Government. Secretary Hay was, at the time the communica? tion was presented, attending a meet? ing of the cabinet at the White House, so all that Chief Clrek Michael could do under the circumstance was to re? ceive tho papers as lie would any other handed him. UNFAVORABLE ADVICES FROM MANILA. The advices from Manila, which have reached the War Department, are far from reassuring. It Is understood that General Otis rc|>ort3 an expectation on his part that the Insurgents arc about to force an Issue, and If this should bo so the result cannot be foreseen. Ma. nlla Itself, and not Hollo, as might at first bo supposed, I? regarded as the danger point Just now. While the In? structions to Geneial Otis have been to avoid any hostile clash with the natives, so far as that plan Is consist? ent with the maintenance of his posi? tion. It is realized here that It within tho power of any excited or Intoxicated person to precipitate a battle between the two opposing forces. For It must be understood that there Is nothing In General Otis' Instructions to prevent him from most vigorously defending himself and the Interests conllded to his charge. General Otis Is so sure of his ground that the officials here feel no doubt as lo the outcome of a hos? tile collision between the Americans nnd tho?insurgent?f-oreee?under Agul naldo, particularly as General Otis would have the enormous ndvantage of the full co-operation of the American fleet under Dewey. But It Is particu? larly desirable that even a battle end? ing In victory be avoided Just now, for the President has by no means surren? dered his conviction, that the misguid? ed Filipinos can he brought to an un? derstanding of the real objects of the United States and peacefully accept the conditions sought to be imposed. AGU1NALDO LOSING GROUND. Albuny, N. T., Jan. 24.?At a Dewey dinner given here to-night. William T. Dewey, of Montpeller. nephew of Ad? miral Dewey, quoted from a letter ic celved only a day or two ago from the Admiral, who stated that Agulnaldo was fast losing bis strength with the natives and could be disposed of as a disturbing factor In a hurry were It not that he Is bolstered up with raise hopes that Congress will refuse to ratify the treaty, and that In some way he will personally benefit by the stand he lias taken for Independent recognition. WAGE DIFFERENCES. BETWEEN COAL OPERATORS AND MINERS SETTLED. (By Telegraph to Virsinlnn-Pllot.) Pittsburg, Pa., Jan. 24.?Carnegie's Hall, In Allcghany, rang with the hymn of "America" to-night, In ratifi? cation of the settlement of the wage differences which was effected between Die coal operat es and minors of the Slates of Ohio. Indiana, Illinois and i Pennsylvania. The settlement means pern e for more tjian 100,000 men, and ' their employers as far as the general is.suis are concerned. The settlement was reached aftei one of the most notable gathering*: In the ! history of the Industry. The leaders of both sides made a bitter light, and at Lines it looked as if there would be a split anil chaos prevail In the great in i d us try. Under the new agreement the rates In Indiana, Ohio and Pennsylvania will be I be s.i. :>.s .11 |v .--^ioiI-cor tun i:? mine coal the rate will be 42 66-100 cents .1 ton: inch and a quarter screen coal lit; cents a ton; drivers and outside la? bor will receive the same wages as at present, and eight bojt'rs will consti? tute a day's work. < / In Illinois the run/of mine system will prevail. The machine differential is to be arbitrated. The operators want a (lat differential of 10 cents a ton between pick and machine mining, and the miners want it reduced to seven ccnis. The operators make the diffe? rential 25 per cent, of the pick mine rate in favor of machine mined coal. This rate will be fix, d however, by a board of arbitration, which will be composed of the presidents of the miners' State organizations in Indiana, Ohio and the Pltteburg district, and 'one operator from each State. These six are to select the seventh man. who shrill not be a resident of the State of Illinois. SENATORS ELECTED. SEVERAL LEGISLATURES COM? PLETE TASK BEFORE THEM. (Ry Telegraph to Virgin an-Pllot.) Trenton, N. J., Jan. 24.?The two houses of the New Jersey Legislature balloted separately at noon to-day for a United States Senator. John Klean, Republican, wo? elected, receiving 51 votes to 29 for James Smith, Jr.. Dem? ocrat Cheyenne, Wyo., Jan. 21.?Clarence D. Clark. Republican, was elected to suc? ceed himself in the United States Sen? ate to-day by the Legislature, receiv? ing 47 votes to 8 for Congressman J. E. Osborn, Democrat. St. Louis. Jnn. 24?A special lo the Post Dispatch from Austin, Texas, says that ex-Governor Culbcrson was elect? ed by acclamation by the Legislature to-day as United States Senator to suc? ceed Reger Q. Mills. Carson. New. Jan. 24?W.ntam M Stewart was re-elected United States Senator to-day on Joint ballot, receiving nine votes 1n the Senat? and fifteen :ii the Assembly Newlnnds was not pre? sented for nomination. 4 or pi of Femrelo Viii-ucm. (By Telegraph to Virginian-Pilot > Washington, Jan. 24.?Surgeon Gen? eral Sternberg has taken the InWal steps towards the formation of a corps of expert female nurses. 1 '? VTllT " VI If J ffl 5 1 . ' ' ? THE MARRIAGE OF ADELINA PATTI. TBE TREATY ?1SC?SSEB Senator Davis Declines to Permit a Vote. Senator Hnnr wmi Ficatln* h hiocii - i(?n i tie ii<> >.(> Conalilori Army Reorganisation??pctekiei ror n mi Aifniuni it l.nrge NtAvdliig Army. (By 'Telegraph to Virginia-Pilot.) Washington, D C. Jon. 21.?Tho Son ate resumed consideration of the peace treaty In executive sea-Men to-day. The Berry resolution for the consideration of the treaty In open session was voted down, and there was more or less lallt of taking a vote, though on this point Probably the most significant occur? rence of the session was the banter on the aueslion of a final vote on the treaty itself. Senators Gorman and Vest, both of whom oppose ratification, urged the importance of getting a vole at once. A PROPOSITION DKCMNF.D. "Let us vote now," replied Senator Aldrlch, who had just entered the chamber after a visit to his home, in Rhode Island. "We ought to be ready to vote in llfteen minutes." Senator Davis replied, however, that | the question of fixing a day for a voti had not been considered by the Com? mittee on Foreign Relations, and Unit; lie would not feel justified in assuming! such a responsibility upon his own au? thority, unsupported by the action of his committee. He promised to bring the matter to the attention uf the com? mittee at its next session. The principal ppeeches of the general debate were made for the treaty by Senators Teller and Frye and by Sena? tor Hoar in opposition. A R M Y U K OIKlANIZATIO N. The debate on the army reorganisa? tion bill opened in the House to-day under an agreement by which the gene } ral debate is to run fifteen hours, ex- j I elusive of three night sessions, the final vote to be taken not later than ,'i' o'clock next Tuesday. Practically three propositions are before the House?the ; House bill providing for a standing army of 100.000 men, the minority sub? stitute increasing the standing army to 30.000 men and lodging with the Presi? dent discretionary power to call out 50,000 volunteers for emergency service, and a proposition to continue temporar? ily the regular army at Its present war strength?6'.'.t'lii) men. It is also under? stood that Mr. Marsh (Rep.), of-IUI nots, will champion the Miles bill. Among the supporters of the major? ity bill there are those, like Mr. Mc Cle'.lan (Dem. of New York), a son of' General George B. McClellah, who fa? vors provision for a general staff made: up of officers of the line so as to make! the army organization responsible to a s.nrle head. The fate of the measure is still considered doubtful, though Chairman Hull and his friends profess great confidence in its passage. The det>ate to-day was not exciting. Mr. Hull and Mr. MtCIe?an. In support of the measure, and Mr. Hay, of Virginia, In opposition, divided the honors to day. The o'her speakers were Messrs, Parker (Rep., or New Jersey) and Brown (Pep., of Ohio). In favor, and Messrs. Cox (Dem., of Tennessee), Bell (B>ip., of Colorado), and LanhaYn (Dem., of Texas), against It. At 5:30 p. m. the House recessed until S o'clock. NIGHT SESSION. There were only is members present at the night session, but the galleries were thronged. The evening was de? voted to set speeches. The principal one was made bv Mr. Simpson (Pop., Of Kansas), In opposition to the hill. Mr. Lawrence (Rep., cd Massachusetts) spoke In support of the bill, and Mr. Green (Pop, o? Nebraska) in opposi? tion to It. At 11:05 p. in. the House adjourned until to-morrow. CUBAN TAX COLLECTIONS. _ ^ GENERAL. BROOKE'S STATEMENTS CONVINCES THE CABINET. ?(By Telegraph lo Vlrgtntan-Pllol.) Washington, Jan. 24.?The protest against the continuation of the Span? ish Bank at Havana as a medium for tax collection was thoroughly discuss? ed at the cabinet meeting to-day and General Brooke's statements of objec? tion carried conviction in the minds of the cabinet officers, although n < fln ai action was taken. The officials of the War Department. It (Should be stat? ed. In contemplating the COIitlrmatl in of the old system bad It In mind only as a t?mtioraiy experiment, believing that Ii afforded the cheapest and quick? est method of meeting the difficulty the United stales government found Itself In the effort lo take upon Itself the tax collections, They are. however, per? fectly ?'Illing to accept as sound Gen? eral iJTboke's suggestion, therefore II may'be expected that the original plan ulll be ubandoiied. 'flu- \\ e?i Virginia SiiMftltnii. (By Telegraph to Vllglnlan-Pllot.1 Charleston, \V. Va.. Jan. 24.?As the Senatorial .situation presents its-df to? night the Joint ballot t '-morrow will show N. B. Scott, the Republican cau? cus nominee to have 47 votes, or two less than necessary to elect him and John T. McGraw. the Democratic can? didate, will have 46. The other two votes in the Joint assembly Will be cast for Judge Nathan Ooff. of the United States Circuit Court, and Judge Reese, Of Glenvllle. These two votes Will be cast In accordance with an agreement entered Into by the leaders of the two parties to-night. To-day the two brant hes of the Legislature voted sepa? rately for United States Senator. The combined vote resulted Scott (Republican). 4?. McGraw (Democrat). 4?. Ooff (Republican), 1: Blizzard (Republican), I. There were two absentees. ? or tie 11 f)< ?rr'? Mie ninnmnil. fRv T?-o"cra:>h lo V;rc'.n:ar.. P:lot > Chicago. III., .'an. 24.?A special tr- the Tribune from Sr.n Francisco says Joe Corbett has tossed his- last ball, money and managers tc the Contrary, and is out of sports forever, says he Since the suicide of his father In this city some months ago Corbctt has taken charge of the Hayes street livery stable and has a thriving business But he bus another reason for leaving the diamond. Pje \f sure he was r.ever cut out fot a. "sDcrt" ar.d has r.ever considered himself one From Chicago to Points on Atlantic Seaboard, Umliit l>re?Vi?U Heel. C<nu, Packing, Donne Products nu<l l.lvf Moil* I in liinr<l lu I lie It rt luct Iflu ?- lire lu? 1 ?ii rniir y Firm? (Oy Telegraph to Vllglntan*Pilot ) Chicago. III., Jen. 21.?With the ?rat day 'ii ihe coming month I'i cents will bn slashed from the export grain rate from Chicago to all Atlantic seaboard points, now in effect upon till Eastern lines This will make the rat? from Chli ago to New York 18Va cents, and lfi.it from Philadelphia to Newport News 1716. On the same day the dressed beef will be reduced 5 cents per hundred pounds. At the present lime is it CO cents. One und one-half cents will be cut from the corn rate from Mississippi river crossings to At-I inntic seaboard points. Packing house products rntes will l>?- cut from to ZG cents. Live stock rales will ro down1 to .cuts At present the nite on cattle and sheep is ;s cents and on hog* oO cents All these chnngPS were agreed upon at a meeting of the Central Freight Association in tins city to-day. MANUFACTURERS CORNER. SPIRIT OF EXPANSION PERVADED THE PR" ?CEEDINOS. (Uy Telegraph to Vlrginla-Ptlat.) Cincinnati. OJ, .Ian. 24.?There were over one thousand prominent nianti f.i turcrs of '.he country present at the fourth annual convention here to-day, Man) additional arrivals were register? ed to-night; so that the attendance will be still larger for the next two days, While the mortui)-: and aftern ion ses? sions to-day were devoted mosil) to hearing the annual reports of otllcere and committees, yet the spirit "f ex? pansion pervaded everything thai wa? done, including! a future poll y of in? creasing the membership oi tb ? Nation? al Manufacturing Association during the closing year of the century to at least live thousand, and providing such a fund In Us treasury its to make it a most potential factor in the extension J of foreign trad* as well as in American j interests. Including the new possessions j of tins country. President Sen h used I a gavel that had In its construction ; samples of wood from Cuba. Porto I ftico and the Philippines and the .el j dresses In the presentation of this ; gavel md in its acceptance were really j I tie keynotes of the occasion. Hi ? n roll I) it i'oo in I, i ? ti. (By Telegraph to Virginia-Pilot ) Washington. Jan. 24.?The President to-day appointed the following North Carolina postmasters: Franklin A. Barkley, LJncolnton; Ella C. Peice, Oxford. PLEADING FOR RATIFICATION Two Notable Speeches in the Senate. THE POWER OF CONGRESS Messrs I.oder, of .Umanrtiaiotfa. Clay, of ?corgln. While Ii titer I ins nu to Policy of Cxpniialoii, Contend i hKiOuc? Tromy I? Kntifled, Con? greas Will llnve Tall Power to I>eul With Conditions. (By Telegraph to Virginia-Pilot) Washington, D. C, Jan. 24.?Two notable speeches were delivered In th? Senate to-day. on? by Mr. Lodge, o? Massachusetts, and the other by Mr. Clay, of Georgia, While the two Sena? tors differed diametrically as to the policy of expansion upon which they dwelt, both are in favor of the im? mediate ratification of the pending peace treaty. They contend that once the treaty is ratified, Congress will have full power to deal with conditions respecting the territory acquired during the war with Spain, nnd not before. MR. LODGE'S SPEECH. Mr. I/Odge began his speech by stat Ing that the United States has undoubt? edly the [lower, which It had frequently exercised, to acquire territory and to j bold and govern It. Continuing, he said: "I have heard no opposition expressed to any part of the treaty, except such portion of It as relates to the Philip? pines, and that, therefore, la the solo point upon which t desire to touch. In our war with Spain we. conquered tho Philippines, or to put It more exactly, wo destroyed the power of Spain In those Islands and took possession oC ihelr can!tab The treaty cedes the Philippines to us. It Is wisely a,fl&-" skilfully drawn. It commits us ^Iwl policy, to no course of nction lU.\l ever In regard to the Philippines. 'Kst>ooa , that treaty Is ratified we have full jj/'ytta . and are absolutely free to do wit? those islands as we please; nnd the op- -? position to Its ratification may bo . summed up In n single sentence, that the American people and the American Congress are not to ba trusted with'that power nnd with that freedom of action In regard to the Inhabitants of those distant islands. Every one of the reso? lutions thus far offered on this sub leel Is an expression of distrust in the i haracler, ability, honesty nnd wisdom of the American people und an attempt*1 to make us promise to be good arid wise and honest In the future and In our dealings with other people. MUST RATIFY OR REJECT. \\ "We must either ratify the treaty or. rejei t It. for I cannot suppose that any? one could seriously advunce tho propo? sition that we should amend the treaty in such u way iis to make pledges to Spain, and lo Spain alone, und glva bonds !.> Spain, end to Spain alone for our conduct In n matter which will ba wholly our own to decide. Let us look, then, at the two alternatives. Suppose we ratify Ihe treaty. The Islands pass from the possession of Spain into our possession without committing us to any policy. I believe we can be trusted ,;m a people to deal honestly and Just? ly with the Islands and their Inhabi? tants thus given to our care. What our precise policy shall be 1 do not know, but I believe we shall have the wisdom not to attempt to Incorporate those Isl onds with our body politic, or to make their inhabitants part of our citizen? ship, or 6et their labor alongside of ours and within our tariff to compete In any Industry with American workmen. 1 believe that we shall have tho cour? age not to depart from these islands fearfully, timidly nnd unworthily and leave them to anarchy among them seivt.--. to the brief and bloody domina? tion of one self constituted dictator and to the quick conquest of other powers, who w in have no such hesitation as we should feel la crushing them Into sub Jer.tlon by harsh and repressive meth? ods. IX OUR HANDS. It Is for us to decide the destiny of the Philippines, not fur Europe, and wa can do it alone, and without asslnt an e. i believe that we shall have the ? l im. the self restraint, and the abil? ity to restore peace and order In the Islands and give to their people an op portunlty for self government and for freedom under the protecting shield of ib- United States until tho time shall come when they are nble to stand alone. If such n thing be possible, and if they do n it themselves desire to re? main under our protection, take now the o'her alternative. CONSEQUENCES OP TREATY RE? JECTION, suppose we reject the treaty or strike one th? clause relating to the Philippines That will hand the Islands ba< k to Spain; and I cannot conceive that any An ? : :?. in should be willing to do the Supi ? we reject the treaty; what t :; ,vs? We continue the state of war. and -very sensible man in the . ountry, every business interest, de li - j (ha re.establishment of peace in law is wen as in fact. At tho same time we repudiate tie- President and his ne> n before the whole world, and the rep it llatlon of the President in'such ICantlnued on Sixth Page.) OTHF.R TELEGRAPH PAGES. CLASSIFICATION OF NEWS BY DLl'ARTMENTS. Telezriph News?Pares 1 and 6. t ocal N !ws?Paces 2. i, 5 and 6 ' Editorial -I'aije a. Vireinia News?Paees 7 and 8. North Carolina News?Page 9* Portsmouth News?Pages 10 and 11, ikrklev News?fage 11. Markets?Pipe 12. Shipping - Page 12.