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VOL. II?NO. 98.
NORFOLK, VA., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 25, 1899?TWELVE PAttES.
THREE CENTS PER COPY.
Purchase of Steam Launches
DENOUNCED AS HIGH HANDED
Filipino Cnncrci? at Hnlolea Cnitnl?
monsly Votoeo Annexation ? m?.
itbled Npnntsli Prisoners Released
-Amrrlenu Prosram Outlined mi
Madrid-Appointment or Commli.
?ion by rreeldenl JU llinirj Pro?
nounced a New Attempt at IInm
bnc - Insnrgent* United Under
(Tiy Teleeraph to V1rrinian-Ptlot.)
Hong Kong, Jan. 24.?The members
of the Filipino Junta here have issued
the following statement:
"The purchase by the American au?
thorities at Hong Kong of a number of
steam launches for river work In the
Philippine Islands is high-handed, un?
necessary and vexatious.
"Domiciliary visits throughout Ma?
nila are exasperating the Filipinos.
Their suspicions are aroused by such
actions. The dispatch of reinforce?
ments Is Ineompattble-wlth-peaoe, and
the appointment of a commission Is
only a pretext to gain time. The Amer?
ican secret police is acting offensively
toward the Filipinos at Hong Kong,
who are British subjects.
"The Filipino Congress at Malolos
has unanimously vetoed annexation."
RUMORS FROM MADRID.
Madrid, Jan. 24.?A dispatch from
Hong Kong lo the Reform* of this
city, says a letter received from the
Philippine islands under date of Jan?
uary 20th, announces that the rupture
between the Filipinos and the Ameri?
cans 1? an accomplished fact, and that
the lives of the Spaniards in the arch?
ipelago art* endangered.
DISABLED PRISONERS RELEASED
The Minister of War, General Correa.
received a cable dispatch to-day from
General Rlos, the Spanish commander
in the Philippines, announcing that the
sick and maimed civil and military
prisoners were released by the Filipinos
toHlay. The general added that he
hupe? the remainder of the prisoners
Will be liberated shortly.
THE AMERICAN' PROGRAM.
The Imparclal to-day says:
"All the intelligence from the Phil?
ippine islands shows that tile Anmri
cans recognize their inability to over?
come the insurgents In the island ot
Luzon and the Yisayas. The Filipino?
Understand that the Americans wish
to tyrannize over them and exploit
them as the Spaniards never did. The
Americans Intended to exercise their
power merely nt the important ports,
?but they are already convinced lii.it
such a domination would not be effi?
cacious. They would be constantly
lighting the Insurgents, and the latter
Would soon put an end to thi- Ameri?
cans, as the Filipinos have on their
side not only bullets, but the climate
and the enormous expenditure Hut sit?
uation will entail on Hie American:'.
This explains Washington's desire to
first g.-t the treaty of Paris voted, ami
then open negotiations with the rebel
Chiefs in order lo see if Agulnaldo anil
Inc. colleagues will consent at least to
accept an American protectorate WRH
FILIPINOS ARE SUSPICIOUS.
Manila. January 20. via Hong Kong,
Jan. 21.--The Indepcndencia to-day is?
sues a supplement containing a dis?
patch, purporting to come from Ma
lol is, the seat of the rebel government.
It comments upon the appointment of
the commission, and say?i:
The Filipinos naturally suspect this
Is a new attempt to humbug. Both
Dowry and Spencer Pratt, promised us
Independence if the Filipino republic
was stable. The Filipinos are disillu?
sioned. They believe Ihe commission
Is a ruse lo gain time till they have
aci umulatcd formidable forces, when
America, abusing her strength, will be?
gin a war to ratify her sovereignty."
The Independence then alleges that
all the commissioners are partisans of
colonial expansion and Incidentally as?
serts that the archbishops also favor
annexation "with the sole object of
gaining the sympathies of the winning
READY FOR THE FRAY.
The Filipinos of Caloocan and dega
langln. mistaking salutes exchanged be?
tween British and German warships on
January ISth. moved three thousand
men to the front In order of battle,
covering the adjacent country, but they
did not attack the American lines.
AGPINALDO'S At'THORITY RECOG?
Reports from the Interior indicate
that Agulnnldo's authority is now gen?
erally recognized. Every available male
Is being recruited and arms depots are
being established at San Bernardino,
Union. Trinidad, and other large- towns.
The surrounding country Is being levied
on for supplies, and the Filipino troops
are living on the fat of the land, while
the native villagers are compelled to
subsist on rice.
INDEPENDENCE THE WATCH?
There is some friction between the
Tilipino civil and military authorities,
but they are united on the question of
It Is estimated that there are fully
30,000 Filipinos under arms, and It 's
said there are nearly fifty Maxim guns
nt Malolos, some of them having been
The Filipino authorities are convinc?
ed, they say, that the Americans will
be unable to work effectively outside
of Manila In the event of hostilities,
hence they feel confident of tho future.
Many of the Filipino officers complain
of alleged discourteous treatment upon
the part of Americans at Manila.
AGONCILLO PRESENTS PAPERS.
Washington, Jan. 24.?Senor Lopez,
Secretary to Agonclllo, tho Washing?
ton representative of Agulnaldo, called
at tho State Department at 1 o'clock
this afternoon and lodged with the
Chief Clerk a communication, which,
accoiding to tho common expectation,
marked tho critical stage In the Phil?
ippine question. This Is the third at?
tempt made by Filipino representatives
to secure ofllcial recognition from the
United States Government. Secretary
Hay was, at the time the communica?
tion was presented, attending a meet?
ing of the cabinet at the White House,
so all that Chief Clrek Michael could
do under the circumstance was to re?
ceive tho papers as lie would any other
UNFAVORABLE ADVICES FROM
The advices from Manila, which have
reached the War Department, are far
from reassuring. It Is understood that
General Otis rc|>ort3 an expectation on
his part that the Insurgents arc about
to force an Issue, and If this should
bo so the result cannot be foreseen. Ma.
nlla Itself, and not Hollo, as might at
first bo supposed, I? regarded as the
danger point Just now. While the In?
structions to Geneial Otis have been
to avoid any hostile clash with the
natives, so far as that plan Is consist?
ent with the maintenance of his posi?
tion. It is realized here that It within
tho power of any excited or Intoxicated
person to precipitate a battle between
the two opposing forces. For It must
be understood that there Is nothing In
General Otis' Instructions to prevent
him from most vigorously defending
himself and the Interests conllded to
his charge. General Otis Is so sure of
his ground that the officials here feel
no doubt as lo the outcome of a hos?
tile collision between the Americans
nnd tho?insurgent?f-oreee?under Agul
naldo, particularly as General Otis
would have the enormous ndvantage of
the full co-operation of the American
fleet under Dewey. But It Is particu?
larly desirable that even a battle end?
ing In victory be avoided Just now, for
the President has by no means surren?
dered his conviction, that the misguid?
ed Filipinos can he brought to an un?
derstanding of the real objects of the
United States and peacefully accept the
conditions sought to be imposed.
AGU1NALDO LOSING GROUND.
Albuny, N. T., Jan. 24.?At a Dewey
dinner given here to-night. William T.
Dewey, of Montpeller. nephew of Ad?
miral Dewey, quoted from a letter ic
celved only a day or two ago from the
Admiral, who stated that Agulnaldo
was fast losing bis strength with the
natives and could be disposed of as a
disturbing factor In a hurry were It not
that he Is bolstered up with raise hopes
that Congress will refuse to ratify the
treaty, and that In some way he will
personally benefit by the stand he lias
taken for Independent recognition.
BETWEEN COAL OPERATORS AND
(By Telegraph to Virsinlnn-Pllot.)
Pittsburg, Pa., Jan. 24.?Carnegie's
Hall, In Allcghany, rang with the
hymn of "America" to-night, In ratifi?
cation of the settlement of the wage
differences which was effected between
Die coal operat es and minors of the
Slates of Ohio. Indiana, Illinois and
i Pennsylvania. The settlement means
pern e for more tjian 100,000 men, and
' their employers as far as the general
is.suis are concerned.
The settlement was reached aftei one
of the most notable gathering*: In the
! history of the Industry. The leaders of
both sides made a bitter light, and at
Lines it looked as if there would be a
split anil chaos prevail In the great in
i d us try.
Under the new agreement the rates
In Indiana, Ohio and Pennsylvania will
be I be s.i. :>.s .11 |v .--^ioiI-cor tun i:?
mine coal the rate will be 42 66-100 cents
.1 ton: inch and a quarter screen coal
lit; cents a ton; drivers and outside la?
bor will receive the same wages as at
present, and eight bojt'rs will consti?
tute a day's work. < /
In Illinois the run/of mine system
will prevail. The machine differential
is to be arbitrated. The operators
want a (lat differential of 10 cents a
ton between pick and machine mining,
and the miners want it reduced to seven
ccnis. The operators make the diffe?
rential 25 per cent, of the pick mine
rate in favor of machine mined coal.
This rate will be fix, d however, by
a board of arbitration, which will be
composed of the presidents of the
miners' State organizations in Indiana,
Ohio and the Pltteburg district, and
'one operator from each State. These
six are to select the seventh man. who
shrill not be a resident of the State of
SEVERAL LEGISLATURES COM?
PLETE TASK BEFORE THEM.
(Ry Telegraph to Virgin an-Pllot.)
Trenton, N. J., Jan. 24.?The two
houses of the New Jersey Legislature
balloted separately at noon to-day for
a United States Senator. John Klean,
Republican, wo? elected, receiving 51
votes to 29 for James Smith, Jr.. Dem?
Cheyenne, Wyo., Jan. 21.?Clarence D.
Clark. Republican, was elected to suc?
ceed himself in the United States Sen?
ate to-day by the Legislature, receiv?
ing 47 votes to 8 for Congressman J. E.
St. Louis. Jnn. 24?A special lo the
Post Dispatch from Austin, Texas, says
that ex-Governor Culbcrson was elect?
ed by acclamation by the Legislature
to-day as United States Senator to suc?
ceed Reger Q. Mills.
Carson. New. Jan. 24?W.ntam M
Stewart was re-elected United States
Senator to-day on Joint ballot, receiving
nine votes 1n the Senat? and fifteen :ii
the Assembly Newlnnds was not pre?
sented for nomination.
4 or pi of Femrelo Viii-ucm.
(By Telegraph to Virginian-Pilot >
Washington, Jan. 24.?Surgeon Gen?
eral Sternberg has taken the InWal
steps towards the formation of a corps
of expert female nurses.
1 '? VTllT " VI If J ffl 5 1 . '
' ? THE MARRIAGE OF ADELINA PATTI.
TBE TREATY ?1SC?SSEB
Senator Davis Declines to Permit
Senator Hnnr wmi Ficatln* h hiocii -
i(?n i tie ii<> >.(> Conalilori Army
Reorganisation??pctekiei ror n mi
Aifniuni it l.nrge NtAvdliig Army.
(By 'Telegraph to Virginia-Pilot.)
Washington, D C. Jon. 21.?Tho Son
ate resumed consideration of the peace
treaty In executive sea-Men to-day. The
Berry resolution for the consideration
of the treaty In open session was voted
down, and there was more or less lallt
of taking a vote, though on this point
Probably the most significant occur?
rence of the session was the banter on
the aueslion of a final vote on the
treaty itself. Senators Gorman and
Vest, both of whom oppose ratification,
urged the importance of getting a vole
A PROPOSITION DKCMNF.D.
"Let us vote now," replied Senator
Aldrlch, who had just entered the
chamber after a visit to his home, in
Rhode Island. "We ought to be ready
to vote in llfteen minutes."
Senator Davis replied, however, that |
the question of fixing a day for a voti
had not been considered by the Com?
mittee on Foreign Relations, and Unit;
lie would not feel justified in assuming!
such a responsibility upon his own au?
thority, unsupported by the action of
his committee. He promised to bring
the matter to the attention uf the com?
mittee at its next session.
The principal ppeeches of the general
debate were made for the treaty by
Senators Teller and Frye and by Sena?
tor Hoar in opposition.
A R M Y U K OIKlANIZATIO N.
The debate on the army reorganisa?
tion bill opened in the House to-day
under an agreement by which the gene
} ral debate is to run fifteen hours, ex- j
I elusive of three night sessions, the final
vote to be taken not later than ,'i'
o'clock next Tuesday. Practically three
propositions are before the House?the ;
House bill providing for a standing
army of 100.000 men, the minority sub?
stitute increasing the standing army to
30.000 men and lodging with the Presi?
dent discretionary power to call out
50,000 volunteers for emergency service,
and a proposition to continue temporar?
ily the regular army at Its present war
strength?6'.'.t'lii) men. It is also under?
stood that Mr. Marsh (Rep.), of-IUI
nots, will champion the Miles bill.
Among the supporters of the major?
ity bill there are those, like Mr. Mc
Cle'.lan (Dem. of New York), a son of'
General George B. McClellah, who fa?
vors provision for a general staff made:
up of officers of the line so as to make!
the army organization responsible to a
s.nrle head. The fate of the measure
is still considered doubtful, though
Chairman Hull and his friends profess
great confidence in its passage. The
det>ate to-day was not exciting. Mr.
Hull and Mr. MtCIe?an. In support of
the measure, and Mr. Hay, of Virginia,
In opposition, divided the honors to
day. The o'her speakers were Messrs,
Parker (Rep., or New Jersey) and
Brown (Pep., of Ohio). In favor, and
Messrs. Cox (Dem., of Tennessee), Bell
(B>ip., of Colorado), and LanhaYn
(Dem., of Texas), against It.
At 5:30 p. m. the House recessed until
There were only is members present
at the night session, but the galleries
were thronged. The evening was de?
voted to set speeches. The principal
one was made bv Mr. Simpson (Pop.,
Of Kansas), In opposition to the hill.
Mr. Lawrence (Rep., cd Massachusetts)
spoke In support of the bill, and Mr.
Green (Pop, o? Nebraska) in opposi?
tion to It.
At 11:05 p. in. the House adjourned
CUBAN TAX COLLECTIONS.
GENERAL. BROOKE'S STATEMENTS
CONVINCES THE CABINET.
?(By Telegraph lo Vlrgtntan-Pllol.)
Washington, Jan. 24.?The protest
against the continuation of the Span?
ish Bank at Havana as a medium for
tax collection was thoroughly discuss?
ed at the cabinet meeting to-day and
General Brooke's statements of objec?
tion carried conviction in the minds
of the cabinet officers, although n < fln
ai action was taken. The officials of
the War Department. It (Should be stat?
ed. In contemplating the COIitlrmatl in
of the old system bad It In mind only
as a t?mtioraiy experiment, believing
that Ii afforded the cheapest and quick?
est method of meeting the difficulty the
United stales government found Itself
In the effort lo take upon Itself the tax
collections, They are. however, per?
fectly ?'Illing to accept as sound Gen?
eral iJTboke's suggestion, therefore II
may'be expected that the original plan
ulll be ubandoiied.
'flu- \\ e?i Virginia SiiMftltnii.
(By Telegraph to Vllglnlan-Pllot.1
Charleston, \V. Va.. Jan. 24.?As the
Senatorial .situation presents its-df to?
night the Joint ballot t '-morrow will
show N. B. Scott, the Republican cau?
cus nominee to have 47 votes, or two
less than necessary to elect him and
John T. McGraw. the Democratic can?
didate, will have 46. The other two
votes in the Joint assembly Will be cast
for Judge Nathan Ooff. of the United
States Circuit Court, and Judge Reese,
Of Glenvllle. These two votes Will be
cast In accordance with an agreement
entered Into by the leaders of the two
parties to-night. To-day the two
brant hes of the Legislature voted sepa?
rately for United States Senator. The
combined vote resulted
Scott (Republican). 4?. McGraw
(Democrat). 4?. Ooff (Republican), 1:
Blizzard (Republican), I. There were
? or tie 11 f)< ?rr'? Mie ninnmnil.
fRv T?-o"cra:>h lo V;rc'.n:ar.. P:lot >
Chicago. III., .'an. 24.?A special tr- the
Tribune from Sr.n Francisco says
Joe Corbett has tossed his- last ball,
money and managers tc the Contrary,
and is out of sports forever, says he
Since the suicide of his father In this
city some months ago Corbctt has
taken charge of the Hayes street livery
stable and has a thriving business
But he bus another reason for leaving
the diamond. Pje \f sure he was r.ever
cut out fot a. "sDcrt" ar.d has r.ever
considered himself one
From Chicago to Points on Atlantic
Umliit l>re?Vi?U Heel. C<nu, Packing,
Donne Products nu<l l.lvf Moil*
I in liinr<l lu I lie It rt luct Iflu ?- lire lu?
1 ?ii rniir y Firm?
(Oy Telegraph to Vllglntan*Pilot )
Chicago. III., Jen. 21.?With the ?rat
day 'ii ihe coming month I'i cents will
bn slashed from the export grain rate
from Chicago to all Atlantic seaboard
points, now in effect upon till Eastern
lines This will make the rat? from
Chli ago to New York 18Va cents, and
lfi.it from Philadelphia to Newport
News 1716. On the same day the
dressed beef will be reduced 5 cents
per hundred pounds. At the present
lime is it CO cents. One und one-half
cents will be cut from the corn rate
from Mississippi river crossings to At-I
inntic seaboard points. Packing house
products rntes will l>?- cut from to ZG
cents. Live stock rales will ro down1
to .cuts At present the nite on
cattle and sheep is ;s cents and on hog*
All these chnngPS were agreed upon
at a meeting of the Central Freight
Association in tins city to-day.
SPIRIT OF EXPANSION PERVADED
THE PR" ?CEEDINOS.
(Uy Telegraph to Vlrginla-Ptlat.)
Cincinnati. OJ, .Ian. 24.?There were
over one thousand prominent nianti
f.i turcrs of '.he country present at the
fourth annual convention here to-day,
Man) additional arrivals were register?
ed to-night; so that the attendance will
be still larger for the next two days,
While the mortui)-: and aftern ion ses?
sions to-day were devoted mosil) to
hearing the annual reports of otllcere
and committees, yet the spirit "f ex?
pansion pervaded everything thai wa?
done, including! a future poll y of in?
creasing the membership oi tb ? Nation?
al Manufacturing Association during
the closing year of the century to at
least live thousand, and providing such
a fund In Us treasury its to make it a
most potential factor in the extension
J of foreign trad* as well as in American
j interests. Including the new possessions
j of tins country. President Sen h used
I a gavel that had In its construction
; samples of wood from Cuba. Porto
I ftico and the Philippines and the .el
j dresses In the presentation of this
; gavel md in its acceptance were really
j I tie keynotes of the occasion.
Hi ? n roll I) it i'oo in I, i ? ti.
(By Telegraph to Virginia-Pilot )
Washington. Jan. 24.?The President
to-day appointed the following North
Franklin A. Barkley, LJncolnton; Ella
C. Peice, Oxford.
Two Notable Speeches in the
THE POWER OF CONGRESS
Messrs I.oder, of .Umanrtiaiotfa.
Clay, of ?corgln. While Ii titer I ins
nu to Policy of Cxpniialoii, Contend
i hKiOuc? Tromy I? Kntifled, Con?
greas Will llnve Tall Power to
I>eul With Conditions.
(By Telegraph to Virginia-Pilot)
Washington, D. C, Jan. 24.?Two
notable speeches were delivered In th?
Senate to-day. on? by Mr. Lodge, o?
Massachusetts, and the other by Mr.
Clay, of Georgia, While the two Sena?
tors differed diametrically as to the
policy of expansion upon which they
dwelt, both are in favor of the im?
mediate ratification of the pending
peace treaty. They contend that once
the treaty is ratified, Congress will
have full power to deal with conditions
respecting the territory acquired during
the war with Spain, nnd not before.
MR. LODGE'S SPEECH.
Mr. I/Odge began his speech by stat
Ing that the United States has undoubt?
edly the [lower, which It had frequently
exercised, to acquire territory and to
j bold and govern It. Continuing, he
"I have heard no opposition expressed
to any part of the treaty, except such
portion of It as relates to the Philip?
pines, and that, therefore, la the solo
point upon which t desire to touch. In
our war with Spain we. conquered tho
Philippines, or to put It more exactly,
wo destroyed the power of Spain In
those Islands and took possession oC
ihelr can!tab The treaty cedes the
Philippines to us. It Is wisely a,fl&-"
skilfully drawn. It commits us ^Iwl
policy, to no course of nction lU.\l
ever In regard to the Philippines. 'Kst>ooa ,
that treaty Is ratified we have full jj/'ytta .
and are absolutely free to do wit?
those islands as we please; nnd the op- -?
position to Its ratification may bo .
summed up In n single sentence, that
the American people and the American
Congress are not to ba trusted with'that
power nnd with that freedom of action
In regard to the Inhabitants of those
distant islands. Every one of the reso?
lutions thus far offered on this sub
leel Is an expression of distrust in the
i haracler, ability, honesty nnd wisdom
of the American people und an attempt*1
to make us promise to be good arid
wise and honest In the future and In
our dealings with other people.
MUST RATIFY OR REJECT. \\
"We must either ratify the treaty or.
rejei t It. for I cannot suppose that any?
one could seriously advunce tho propo?
sition that we should amend the treaty
in such u way iis to make pledges to
Spain, and lo Spain alone, und glva
bonds !.> Spain, end to Spain alone for
our conduct In n matter which will ba
wholly our own to decide. Let us look,
then, at the two alternatives. Suppose
we ratify Ihe treaty. The Islands pass
from the possession of Spain into our
possession without committing us to
any policy. I believe we can be trusted
,;m a people to deal honestly and Just?
ly with the Islands and their Inhabi?
tants thus given to our care. What our
precise policy shall be 1 do not know,
but I believe we shall have the wisdom
not to attempt to Incorporate those Isl
onds with our body politic, or to make
their inhabitants part of our citizen?
ship, or 6et their labor alongside of
ours and within our tariff to compete In
any Industry with American workmen.
1 believe that we shall have tho cour?
age not to depart from these islands
fearfully, timidly nnd unworthily and
leave them to anarchy among them
seivt.--. to the brief and bloody domina?
tion of one self constituted dictator and
to the quick conquest of other powers,
who w in have no such hesitation as we
should feel la crushing them Into sub
Jer.tlon by harsh and repressive meth?
IX OUR HANDS.
It Is for us to decide the destiny of
the Philippines, not fur Europe, and
wa can do it alone, and without asslnt
an e. i believe that we shall have the
? l im. the self restraint, and the abil?
ity to restore peace and order In the
Islands and give to their people an op
portunlty for self government and for
freedom under the protecting shield of
ib- United States until tho time shall
come when they are nble to stand
alone. If such n thing be possible, and
if they do n it themselves desire to re?
main under our protection, take now
the o'her alternative.
CONSEQUENCES OP TREATY RE?
suppose we reject the treaty or
strike one th? clause relating to the
Philippines That will hand the Islands
ba< k to Spain; and I cannot conceive
that any An ? : :?. in should be willing to
do the Supi ? we reject the treaty;
what t :; ,vs? We continue the state of
war. and -very sensible man in the
. ountry, every business interest, de
li - j (ha re.establishment of peace in
law is wen as in fact. At tho same
time we repudiate tie- President and
his ne> n before the whole world, and
the rep it llatlon of the President in'such
ICantlnued on Sixth Page.)
OTHF.R TELEGRAPH PAGES.
CLASSIFICATION OF NEWS
Telezriph News?Pares 1 and 6.
t ocal N !ws?Paces 2. i, 5 and 6 '
Editorial -I'aije a.
Vireinia News?Paees 7 and 8.
North Carolina News?Page 9*
Portsmouth News?Pages 10 and 11,
ikrklev News?fage 11.
Shipping - Page 12.