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VIRGINIAN - PILOT.
VIRGINLVN AND PILOT PUBLISHING COMPANY. hORFOLK VIRGINIAN AND DAILY PILOT. (Consolidated March, 1S08.) Entered at the Postofflce at Norfolk, ,Va., as second-class matter. (OFFICE: PILOT BUILDING, t_. C1TV IIALL AVENUE, NORFOLK, VA. OFFICERS: A. H. GR ANDY, President; M. GLKNNAN. Vlce-Prcsldent: W. S. WILKINSON. Treasurer; JAMES K. AL? LEN. St-cretary. BOARD OK DIRECTORS: A. H. Orandy M. Glennan, L. D. Starke. Jr.. r;,W. Shelton. K. W. Shultice. James E. Allen. D. F. Donovan. TII It KE VE>' T S? PER COPT. SUBSCRIPTION RATES". Tho VIRGINIAN-PILOT Is delivered to I Subscribers by carriers In Norfolk and j vicinity Portsmouth, Berkley, Suffolk, west Norfolk, Newport News, for 10 cents p?r week payable to the carrier i By mall, to any place in tho Lnltid , States, postage free: ?A1I.Y, one yenr ? I5.00 ; " all uianllii ... 3.00 . " Itiree inoiitlta - - l*SO '* one ill until m ? ? .r>0 ADVERTISING BATES: Aavcrllse ments Inserted at the rate of 75 cents a Squaro. first Insertion; each subsequent insertion to cents, or EiO cents', when In? serted Every Other Day. Contractors are not allowed to exceed ihclr space or tul vortlso other than their legitimate busi? ness, except by paying especially for the name. Heading Notices Invariably 20 cents per line first Insertion. Each subsequent In? sertion 15 cents. Ne employe of the Vlrgtntan-Pliot Pub? lishing Company is authorized to contract any obligation In ihu n,ame of the com? pany, or to tnako purchases In the name of the same, except upon oidrrs signed by tho PRESIDENT OK THE COMPANY. In order to avoid delays, on account or personal nbsence. letters and nil commu? nications for Tho VI RG1NIAN-PI1 .< IT should not be nddressed to any Individual connected with Iho office but .'.imply to Tho VIRGINIAN AND PILOT PUB? LISHING COMPANY. TWELVE PAGES THURSDAY. FEBRUARY "... IS 9. INDIVIDUAL ENTERPRISE. Ivong before the all-devouring trusts of the present day began to go about j like roaring lions, Goethe .submitted ; some very acute, practical and sug? gestive reflections on the difficulties ol combined enterprise. The harmonious co-operation of different men, with dif? fering views, capacities, interests, char, acters, and other discordances might be effected for awhile; but dissensions ?would be sure to develop as the enl prise progressed. Somebody would j want to direct and master all, becausi of his capital, age, or experience; an? other would demand control of this branch or department; and so on; and nil the others would soon discover or (worse) suspect that every 'Other who had the opportunity to do so was tak? ing advantage of it, in some way, lo his advancement, prom, or benefit, and using the combine or trust as his own machine or beast. Or this one, or that, would see how 111 operations were . in? ducted with so many heads and hands, when with one man (iiis) In sole direc? tion, the greatest success could lie achieved?all to his honor, power and enrichment. The advantages of one direction In any undertaking are set forth. The ( \ perience; skill and Interest of one man. , ?with absolute ownership and control,: tends to improve the business in all Its parts; while competition has no competitor In making trade active, fair and free?self-interest proving an effi? cient check to unprofitable and Inju- i trious ventures, as a rule. The personal supervision is more acute, vigilant, un? ceasing and p: udent than any corporate rule can be; and although the powci of aggregated capital Is fully und, r Utood, it is a power for evil, as well ns good, except where the business Is one that demands large means in Its legitimate prosecution. In this division and multiplication of business, m ire men are employed as proprietors, there is more convenience for the public, in? dividual thrift, skill and enterprise nrc developed, and there is no BCnse of suppression or extortion as where large trusts or combines dominate any pro? duction, dealing or venture. All are free. One has choice in what line of life he may pursue; the seller of ma? terials or finished products, or labor, is not restricted to one source of oilers, and the buyer of any commodity can seek here and there until he Is best suited in tho quality and price of the commodity lie desires. Nobody has i-auaa io complain. There is no mo? nopoly; no restriction; all is free, and everybody Is content. Suppose a milk trust. With its means It engrosses not only the whole busl. , Ii ess, but all cows. Nobody ear, keep a cow in town. Ordlrnnces and lawn that profess great solicitude for the publlo cleanliness and health are pass? ed in hot zeul and enforced with vigor. Cows can only be kept under certain j conditions and that are perfectly! healthy; and lo! it appears that the milk-trust alone can comply with the condition or can pass Inspection! You can't have your own cow, nor your own milk; nor can you choose j among dealers who shall supply you; you must take the trust milk, or go without; you must take it. too, ,.;i oust as to Its quality, and they tlx the price j on you, without appeal to any com? petitor. The situation Is delightful to the, trust; but how With everybody I eise? It Is absolute servitude, with all Its aggravations and humiliations crowned by making all pay a strong price for very weak milk. France furnishes a line example or the prosperity of a thickly populated community in which there is the great? est diversity of occupations, with every industry (from herding and farming, to mining ami manufacturing) parcel? led out to the furthest practicable di? vision. In Paris, every attic, in some quarters of the city, Is tilled with Indl- ! vldual and independent manufacturers; and artisans, Unding his own material, finishing his articles and supplying them directly to dealers, wholesale and j retail. Men and women and children , make those attics busy and cheerful hives of Industry; and In the country it is the same; small holdings being the rule, with subdivisions of land and Stock at which our poorest people would laugh In contempt. Yet it is agreed that France has withstood more misfortunes than any other nation, with the least real harm to her permanent wealth, prosperity and happiness; that, Indeed, any Othi r nation would have gone to pieces under such a multiplication of calamities; and it is agreed that her salvation was and Is In her minute sub-divisions of all kinds of enterprise ami Industry.? her peasantry meeting the Uerman de? mand for war-indemnity with more case and promptitude than the mil? lionaires of other countries could have done. Kot that France has not her great j corporations and large combines also. They arc necessary in some cases; they are useful in others; but there they should stop. \Ve who protest against their monopoly of everything, even of lite most common of vocations, trades and business; against their gobbling up the minor industries of life, and mak? ing all men subservient to them, in What they shall do, what they shall pay. ami what they shall be paid,? We fully recognize the benefits of capital, as well as its abuses; we understand tl.e necessity and good of combined ef? fort, as well as to cruel and insolent oppressions and extortions; and all we desire Is to protect free labor, free trade, free competition and the free operation of demand and supply from a domineering monster, too formidable to be let loose In any society. A trust, properly understood and op? erated, Is as ancient as human society ami laws. Corporations and aggre? gated capital are as old as the hills. Nobody objects to their Just and legiti? mate parts in the progress of mankind. Tho protest Is against the new. dan? gerous and injurious operations they are bent on,?as a tyrant that has just discovered or organized his power, and is ruthlessly exercising It. It is a wicked and silly falsehood to say that the opposition to trusts is animosity against corporations and wealth. It only desires to keep them In their place; and there all men will welcome them. Hut their usurpations, tyran? nies, oppressions, abuses and prostitu? tions no community can stand and no Intelligent community will tolerate. A GLANCE BACKWARD. It is within the memory of men and women still living when the large farm or plantation In Virginia, North Caro? lina, South Carolina, Georgia and other States, contained within itself nearly everything necessary to its Indenend cut self-support and exlstance, together with many comforts and luxuries. One of these familiar to the writer's boy? hood, and upon which he passed many a happy summer, will illustrate the sys t, in as it prevailed mi the larger plan*, tatlons and better class of farms. It was located upon a river and embraced several thousands W acres of line forest ami fertile arable lands, highland and lowland. Unon it resided the proprie? tor, his overseer anil their families, be? sides it large body of colored people slaves. "The house." as the family mansion w. s called, was the only resi? dence on the place of any pretensions; all but tin- proprietor and overseer liv? ing in pl.ain frame or log cabins, rough, small and common, but comfortable. The overseer occupied "the old house," in which the ancestors of the proprie? tor had lived, until a better and hand? somer dwelling had been erected. On the river were the mills, combin? ing a Ilourlng-mill for wheat, a grist? mill, for corn, and a sawmill, for lum? ber. Across the river. Just above the mills, was a covered toll-bridge, owned by the planter; ami not far from tho hither end of this bridge were a store? house (where a variety of goods were kept on sab ?, several warehouses. :t shoe-shop, a cooper-shop (to make bar? rels for Hour, &c), a blacksmith shop, several loom houses (for weaving, carding and spinning), and In a field back of the store-house was a tannery and bnrk-mlll, where finished leather was prepared for the shoe-makers. There were several large barns, con? veniently disposed; and in one id' these. 11 rmnni nlly fixed, was a complete ami Improved threshing machine, for wheat and other grain. There were also a cot? ton-gin and a press for baling,?though latterly Ihc cotton-crop, as well ns the hemp and wool crops, were restricted chlelly l" use on the place, and little sient to market, except linseed. In coi n, 'lion with this place there were gold mines, wltli a. crushlng-inlll, &c, and steatite, or soapstone mines, witli a mill to grind the stone to a fine powder, which was barreled and ship? ped North for several purposes. There was ample provision of horses, mules, COWS, sheep, hogs and housing for them, with all necessary wagons and other vehicles. Everything necessary for food and clothing. &C., was produced on the place, and the clothing of farm hands. cotton, hemp and wool, was corded, spun, woven, cut and made by the ser? vants- (mostly women),?with an occa? sional man-tdllor?crippled and de? formed male-slaves being generally made tailors, shoe-makers, &c. All the actual .necessaries procured elsewhere were salt, Iron, Btecl, sugar, coffee, tea,?although many things besides were kept in "the store." The tanners, millers, .blacksmiths, shoe-makers, coopers, wagon-makers, &c., &c., were all slaves, except where a white over? seer was employed, or a special expert was engaged for a time to boss certain Jobs. Some of the industries were prosecut? ed only for limited periods.?as the shoe-making atid tailoring; but others were in constant everclse,?as cardnlg, spinning. Weaving, blacksmlthlng, mill? ing, &c. Kvcii plows and other imple? ments were made on this place in some quantity, and axes, if not made, were re-steeled, or reset. tin the whole, probably, the changer, nro for the better but those were in? deed, "good old times" on that and sim? ilar plantations, even for the slaves. There was plenty?plenty <>r work, plenty of everything, and lots o' fun. HONEST NOMINATIONS AND ELECTIONS. No form of government, no constitu? tions, no laws, no system of nomination nor election, no plan of creating a gov? ernment, or directing its administra? tion, legislation or judiciary, can avail, unless honest, brave and capable men are in. supervision and direction of every step, from first to last. Vice will prevail and mlsgovernment rule, if evil men bear sway. If good and true men dec-line these stations of trust, they must, perforce, bo tilled by bad and false men; and the law should bo pos? itive that only good and true men should hold such places, nnd that everyone, when selected and appoint? ed, must serve, except In case of disa? bility of some sort. Tho truth is that party politics de? generate because the better citizens leave it to tho management of men ' who will stick at nothing to win; and it Is rather more than a suspicion that the "better citizens" wink at the man? agement, and are glad to have an ex i use of getting out of "dirty work." The fact remains, however, that hon esty in nominations and elections is the essential thing; and that all things fail where it does not overrule; and it can? not have a show in Imming a candidate or electing him to otllce, unless honest men secure It. If honest men do not push to the front for honesty, honesty will "be loft." What is it decides the victory? En? ergy and pluck! Objurgate and de? nounce as we may, the fools and knaves whore co-operation makes our nomina? tions and elections what they are, we must give them'credit for their daring courage and indefatigable vigor. Why are honest and sensible men deficient ' In these qualities? Oh, they are to I nice! They will not contend with trash! Evil associations will corrupt good mor? als'. Tho right and the truth will vin? dicate themselves! Certainly; but, meanwhile, pluck and cunning, with in? dustry, are carrying tilings their way, ? much to the^discredit of their honest and honorabie opponents. Success tells; and even Washington had a motto that (exitUS acta probat) at least hints that results are the best proofs! In an arena of contention and strug? gle, it is a poor policy that leads to do feat; and if common sense and honesty cannot compete with cunning and ras? cality they are justly discarded. Intel? ligence and honesty, then, must shake off their sluggishness, and rascal? ity will be ready f'?r all deeds of dar nig do. In the battle, or race, it is not what we are. or tiling we are, that tells, but what we do; and if the great ma? jority of American citizens, irrespec? tive of party and section, who are hon? es: and intelligent, desire to have go:>d government, instead of the Hanna abomination ami imperial incubus now I upon us, they must lie up and doing, disdaining nothing right and true that may drive out the knaves and finds, and bring In men of sense, integrity and pa? triotism. 1 SLEEP AND LONGEVITY MAY PAY. i _ Tosla, the electrician, expresses the I opinion that life is In proportion to sleep that is. as a rule, other things be? ing equal, the more a man sleeps, the longer will lie live. This opinion 1ms been advanced long ng<> by others, .*ind it has even been suggested that a man might be put in it somnolent or trance condition at any time and bo roused a century after In the same physical vigor which he possessed when .he foil into that condition. Some curious results ; have been worked out <>n these terms; ; but as a man loses in sleeo all he can possibly gain in longevity, toe net gain ; to the average experimentalist in this way is no* obvoiUs nor attractive. j Still, there tire some cases where it might be worth while to try tho theory, especially it' pleasant dreams can lie more cheaply insured than a happy life. A Herman story, of some interest, once told the tale of a person who thus lived two continuous and separate lives, one asleep and the other awake. ! and the former became so delightful, j compared with his waking experience. I that he longed to be always asleep, I and was impatient for bed time to ar? rive. Besides cases of that kind, where anything of consequence depended on a life or liv<s. it might be well to put the person, on v.hose life the matter was suspended, In a long sleep or trance, and thus elongate the lease, tenure, or whatsoever was so contin? gent. It might be a bonanza to an Insur? ance company to discover some process, or drug, or other means, that would safely tuit Its "lives" to sleet) and pleasantly keep them eo Indefinitely. It could undercut all rivals, and monopo? lize the business with its liberal terms. PEOPLE'S FORUM. N'OTK.-The People's Fnr.tm being freely open to all parties, classes, per? sons, views and capacities, the Vir; ginlun-Pilot Is responsible for none of the statements nor opinions ex? pressed therein, nor for the style In which they are set forth. The ignorant and uneducated shall bo beard hero equally with the learned. ON LAYING THK CORNER-STONE t?P Till: CONFEDERATE MON? UMENT IN NORFOLK, V A. This monument wo rear Commemorates not that which Is or! shall be. P.ut what Is past?draw near. Mere at thy gates, oh Norfolk, lcnocUs j the sea. Inviolate, all potent, like to Him I Who set its bounds; who tilled It to i the brim With wondrous beauty, awe-inspiring 1 might, In it is glassed His Image, day or night. There is a sea which spans this world and that. Which shall be, but its borders who shall trace. Or set its bounds? Do! Death sits 1 silent at Its portal; Life and Death alike must j give; The In ro dies?brave deeds must ever live. So long as Time keeps record of brave deeds. Self-sacrifice, and all that makes a man. Our steeping Southern soldier needs no needs Ti) bias m Fame, as only heroes can. Ills triumph in defeat, a dear emprise. That made with teardrops wet the Angels' eyes. Then, honor him, oh Norfolk: It Is well He sleeps?no bugle ringing o'er the hill. No long-roll wakes "him now?some quiet d. ll Ills tomb, or bosomed near some mourning rill. He slecns a hero, after years well spent: Here to the world wc raise his monu? ment. God's blessing on him, may It fall on those Who live, his comrades in the deadly fray. War's thunder storm has passed; thos ? w h > w ere foes Are friends and brothers- Heaven be our stay, Compass this fair country with Thy i eacc And happiness till even Time shall ?HERBERT L. WORTH INGTON. Sur km ,vm> upixiu.ns or i hi; Pit I.MS. ALGER IN BOSTON. (Louisville Courier Journal.) The extraordinary reception given to ' the Secretary of War in Boston cannot be Justified, of course; for If those who jeel ed llllh had 1IO respect for the Ilia II tin y should have had respect for his oflice and for his position as a guest. Nevertheless, the In '.dent is one that Is instructive. It is very unusual for j a. public man of high position to get that sort of reception In Boston, and he would not have received it had it not have been for the fact that public ! feeling against lillil was very strong. It Is known from other sources that the feeling against the Secretary of War Is very intense, because of the general belief that he is Incompetent; that he has a bad military and civil record; that his administration of his office has been of such a character as to Inflict great and unnecessary suffering on many soldiers, and that he Is now us? ing his oflice for revenge upon officers for telling the truth about him years ago or about abuses recently. The demonstrations against the Sec? retary of War in Boston were not po? lite and not excusable, but they were manifestations of a feeling which a majority of the American people en? tertain for that official. A diligent Study of public sentiment will, we think, convince the President of this, for he has not been wanting in the po? litical sagacity which enables men to judge of the currents of public senti 1 incut. THE TRUSTS AND THE RANKS. (Cincinnati Post.) An exchange, speaking of the report that the Standard i >'d Company has captured a New York bank, says: "Will n the trusts got a little stronger they wlil doubtless create banks of tli.ir own, and they may ultimately drive the old line, genuine bankers out of the business. Bui h a development would be logical, aiui would make them the supremo rulers in the <? immerclal as well as the Industrial world." If one thinks carefully he can see but little more danger In a trust's owning a bank than In an individual. The dan? ger would come - ami it would be ap? palling?when the trusts had cornered coin and currency. Instead of com? manding or I per cent, interest on loans, as now, borrowers might he forced to pay any rate the trust might 1 the v. ry life out of all business enter | tin,- vi ry i.fe ?tu of all business enter j prises. AT HIS OLD TRICKS. (Plttsburg Post.) While Great Britain is giving hearty encouragi men! to schemes of American conqui st and dominion in Asiatic wa? ter.-, which of course will weaken our power at home by diverting National resources In time of emergency to far distant seas, it is noteworthy that the British propose to strengthen their powi r in the West Indies, so as to cm*, mand any intcr-oceanlc canal that may b- ... d. eitli r by the Panama or Nicaragua, routes. Jamaica, the most southern of the British West Indus and in close proximity to the two canal routes pro? posed. Is to be converted from a mere : inili;..ry and naval station Into a j w. stei n Gibraltar. I Jamal a's geographical position and : Us d. fei ! v.- possibilities, It is alleged, poinl to It as thi' key to stich a canal. c\ in a- the stronghold of Gibraltar is the key to tue Suez canal. This is said i . be the truth about the present en ; inrgemi tit and additions to the formi? cations of Jamaica. As long as we are at peace with Great Britain! this makes little differ? ence, bat l. t the rude blast of war open i be: ween th.' two countries and Oi .r. Britain, with a second Gibraltar at Jamaica, will have manifest advaii i.'.;; s, especially in the command of Hi,, intcr-oceanlc canal. The lovable temper Just now shown by bath na? tions may not endure for a long time. It grows out of the fact that the United States by taking up the white man's burden In the Kar East has given England assurance of a friendly nlli anee In that part of the world, where it happens friends and well-wishers are scarce. SCHLET'S COMPLETE VINDICA? TION. (Baltimore American.) It was not necessary for Admiral Schley to answer the discreditable charges of Admiral Sampson and Secre? tary Long, and it is fairly certain that he would not have dene so had not the Naval Committee of the Senate asked for it. The American people had al? ready formed a judgment without the assistance of the hero of Santiago, b >th as to the truth if the charges and the animus behind them. In Tact, there has rarely been a controversy In which the animus was so plain. The Navy De? partment had taken up Sampson as an "Admirable Crlchton." and it must be confessed that he looked it, and might have been a limited sort of Crlchton had he remained on shore. He was, d ?Ubtless, admirably fitted for shore duty. A man can be a great naval writer, for Instance, without being much of a practical strategist or hero. Sampson's mistake was going on the water, or. rather, It was the mistake of the department to send him there lo do duty for which he was not lilted. A skilful strategist without bias can an? alyze the movements of Sampson's Beet I from the time he took command until1 he surrendered it to Schley at Santiago, and easily point nut a number of blun tb is which a great commander like Dewey or Schley would never have made. He did not maintain the block? ade of Havana as it should have been d ire. and his attack nt San Juan was such a ridiculous fiasco that it brought humiliation and a feeling of resent? ment which has not yet subsided. Sampson ought to have gone after Cer vera's fleet, Instead of coming home. There lias always been too much pru? dence in his movements lo suit Amer? ican ideas, lie was too prudent in front of Santiago. His fear of the bat? teries led him to station his ship:: too far out at sea, and but for Schley's quick work some of the enemy's ships might have escaped. Are the Most Common Cause of "Running Ears" in Children. "Our little boy suffered for a long time With a running ear. kernels In the throat, high fever at night, could not sleep, and was much ri dm i d In flesh. A short course of treatment under Dr. Fiery made a wonderful change :n his c ihdlllon so that now he sleeps Well, eats heartily, has no fevers, and his ears entirely well. "M IIS M. 1>. CANN? IN, "MAURICE CANN< IN, ??7?.a Church street." Weak Eyes Are Often Due to Ca'arrh. "Dr. Flrey's treatment entirely cured me of a troublesome, persistent cough and greatly strengthened my nervous system. My eyes which were quite weak, have Improved very much also. "KERFOOT M IRCHANT. "Matthews. Va. ?'/?-///'/"/./ II A3 OFFirra No 1 AND 2 No t*U MAIN STREET, OPPOSITE COMMER? CIAL PLACE. NORFOLK, VA. 3 to 12,30 A, % I to 6 PJL SUNDAYS: 11 A. M. to 1 P. H. [SPECIALTIES: CATARRH AND ALL DISEASES OF THE EYE. EAR. NOSE, THO AT AND STOMACH. Consultation Always Free'. Medicines Free to Patients! Terms Verv Moderate. The Lowenberg Specialty Store g ?A SHOWING OF? NEW SPRING SUITS ?AT? $10,00, $12.50, ?15,00 $20.00 and $25.00 i BEIM, LOWENBERG, KORFOLK'S COSTIMR, M 34 Granby St., Columbia Euildin*. F Frey & Armstrong Dry Flab Weed a specialty. 53.00 :. i cord; $1.50 half-cord, and T.",j a quarter oord. Hard and Pine Wood. J?.00 a cord. Measure guaranteed. Yard and Office No. 1 Walke Street. New Phone C07. Economy in buying Furniture, Car? pets, Stoves, &c, consists in getting the best as well as paying a small price. By dealing with Joe. B. Loughran you are sure of getting the best at the lowest prices. of every description. We furnish your house from top to bottom in the latest style. Carpels, the most complete line in the city; the quality the best, (he price lowest, and includes making, lay? ing and lining. Stoves. Our line of Heaters and Cook Stoves are always up-to-date; guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction. CASH OR CREDIT. 319 and 321 Church Street. JOHN 0. GflMflGE ESTABLISHED J365. Sewer and Weil Pipe BRIGK TILE ALL SIZES. Lime, Cements, Piaster, Bricks, Laths, Hair, Shingles, Flooring Etc WOODSIDE'S WHARF, ?_NORFOLK, VA._ J. W. GAM AG IS. W. X. WALLER, 6P?E k I8LLE8, Headquarter for Foreign and Domestic CsiTip-pj, Lie, Piaster, Bricks, Sewer and Chimney Pipe, Laths, Shingles, &c Oilice and warehouse! 12 to 18 PLUME ST Near Ihs Bridge. NORFOLK, VA CONTRACTORS AMD BUILDERS. In Hie market for L'me, Port lam! or American Cement Plas? ter. Hair, Chimney Pipe Piro Rrl :k, Lilh or Shingles. See us hcf >ro you buy. Wo are solo agents for Acme Cement Plas? ter New No. 145 Water stroot. BATCHELDER & COLLINS Cooke, Clark & Co., Sash, Doors and Blinds HARDWOOD MANTELS, TILES AND GRATBS' BUH DERS' HARDWARE, PAINTS, OILS AND GLASS. 84 Commercial Place and 87 Roanoke Avenue 13 UT' !*ox river Prints.25c. Hist Quality Elgin .25c. Good Hotter .2*to. Cooking Hatter .12Uo. Fine New Mackerel . f?c Best Baltimore, Hi.:).- .10c ii und package Pennsylvania Buck? wheat .ite. 7 i' .:.vi Mountain Buckwheat .~<c. All goods fresh and at the lowest prices. VIRGINIA GROCERY G0.f D. PBNDER, MANAGER. Both Phones 162. 63 New Market Square.