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1 ^ BUY Y o TLY'S Famous Fabrics, and the Celebrated GOLD MEDAL s (every yard guaranteed). Also COURTAULD'S All-Silk Water prooi Crapes. The newest designs in Fancy CREPONS all are to be found at W Ii >9 4: o 1 I 1 1 Hit? 1^1 i A fM EISA/ RHONE 822 UiUlUUllUUlUUluiiimiinnninniiinrc TUB BORDER STATES Their Attitude in War and in Politics, Itlilorr Recalled to Bilm!-TM vldeil l':> in 111 <-? Won Famo on Either Nldo In ilio War Belweeu ibe Hintes?Nil? unllou 1 ii .MI*?ourl mid Kotltuolij. [Cor. Now York Evening Tost.] The recurrence uf the birthdny ot Ijlncoln, a product <>f one ol our bor? der Stales as a reminder that the at? titude of theso States in war and in politics is one of tho permanently inter? esting features of American history. The civil war experiences of Missouri, Kentucky and Maryland furnish a large sbare of the romance ot' that struggle. And our present politics, thirty-four years after Apporhattox, have not outgrown tho effects o? th >se border stato experiences. The th. named States are the ones chiefly in? volved. Delaware was a slave State, but It has almost n<> Individuality, The colonial name, "tho Threo Lower Coun? ties of Delaware." better describes it. It is mado up of tho thriving my <>f Wilmington, which Is a little Philadel? phia in interests and sentiments, and of the counties, which are really part of tho "Eastern Shoro <>c Maryland." West Virginia, tou. is less int. resting than tho three great bonier States, he cause Its earlier history and traditions uro with tUe parent State. But Mary? land, Kentucky and Missouri will al? ways hold a unique place in American history, just as they hold a unique place in current politics. They are not of tho old South, nor yet are they Northern States. Tho negro population Is small enough to allow the vot< rs the Stato to divide upon national ques? tions, and still large enough to make It unsafe for any party In power to do very much in the way of ofliclal rec? ognition for the negro. INTEREST IN STATUES._ The erection at tho capitol recently of statues of Thomas H. Benton and Francis P. Blair has aroused interest in the great historic period to which th.e border states contributed so Inter? esting a part. The general relation of these States was well summarized In the saying that "it was easy to be a Union man in Massachusetts, and not I profitable to be anything else; it w.i:<, easy to bo as cccssionlst in South Car? olina, and not safe to. bo anything else; but In Kentucky and Missouri if Was perilous to be either one or the other, indeed, it was dangerous to be neither and to fit on the fence." Mr. Clark said the Kentucklans were a pe? culiar people?the most hospitable, the moet emotional, the kindest hearted, but they were In their normal condi? tion only when lighting. Nearly every able-bodied man In the Plat.-, and a great many not able-bodied men whether, young enough or old enough to squocze in took up arms In the civil war on one side or the other, and some times on both. Prior to that war. Mis Bourl had been something of a Ken toucky colony, and us such possessed the Kentucky characteristics. The Compromise of 1820 had made her a slave peninsular jutting Into a free soil sell. * SLAVEHOLDERS FOP. THE UNION. It Is a serious mistake t? suppose that all the great slave-holding fami? lies in the boid.T States arther d to the' Confederacy. Prominent persons wore the Confederate gray, and others just ns prominent wore the Union blue. I >r. Robert J. Brecklnrldgc, the theologian who presided over the Republican Na? tional Convention of 1864, was a staunch Union man. Two Ids nobs achieved high rank in the Confederate army, ami two others In the Union army. Ills Illustrious cousin, .lohn ?'. Rrecklnrldgc, lei*: the United States Senate t>> become a Lieutenant-General or Confederates, while James s. Jackson, Representative from the Green Klver district, resigned his seat in the House t>> become a Url ! gadler-Gencrnl in the Union army, and I died a heroic death, leading his division on the hard-fought Held of Perryville. The eloquent Hoger Hanson, a Con? federate General, fell in the battle of Stone River, while his brother won dis? tinction on the other side as the coin-j inander of a brigade. John .1. Crltten den, "f Crlttenden Compromise fame,1 ri...?.| iiii 11:i..-li;? ir 1 ? by the I n_ei, ?? bile .me of his sons wore the stars of a Union Major-General; and another achieved like rank In the Confederate I army. The Henry Clay branch of the great clay family espoused the Confed? erate cause, while the Cosslus M. Clay branch fought with their traditional courage on the other side, .lohn M.I Harlan, now of the Supreme Court, Is j another eminent Kentucklan who won renown lighting under George II. Thomas at Chlckamatiga. In the same, army was Benjamin II. Bristow, who missed the pr( sldency only l>y a scratch. Two schoolmates of Champ Clark's, brothers mimed Dlpklnson.w? ni Into the war. one In the First Kentucky Union Cavalry, and tin; other with Mor? gan's Rangers. Chance . Drought the brothers face to face In the great III dl?nn-Ohlo raid, and when Morgan was captured the Confederate Dickinson surrendered to his Union brother. Fran- \ eis P. Blair, who more than any other man fought to hold Missouri to the Union, was. a cousin of General "Jo" Sli.lhy, a noted leader of the trans Silississippl <lonfedi-rates. DIVIDED FAMILIES. This record of divided families In Kentucky and Missouri found no par? allel in other Southern States. In Maryland there was comparatively lit tie fighting of brother against brother; tho western part of tllO Stale was I strongly Unionist, while the Eastern Shore counties, with their large plan-! tations, were Confederates In sympathy, j In Kentucky and Missouri the division? al line seems not to have followed class or family groups. In Virginia ii was a pretty square division of the fWO parts of tho State, ami the same thing was true in Tennessee, und back of this division was tho fact that the mountaineers wert; not slave-holders. The Missouri and Kentucky Unionists, however, were in many Instances among the largest slave holders and of the genuine Southern aristocracy. < ?f the aristocratic families of old Virginia, there is only one notable case of a man who went over to the Union, that of George II. Thomas, whoso statue now adorns one of the circular parks In this city. According to somo nceoimts. he took somo tlmo to make up his mind which way to go. The Confederate his? torians relate that he intended come with them, but that his wlfO was a New Yorker, and that certain friend? ships, personal associations, an.I prop* orty Interests In the North finally com? mitted him to the Union, Tn any event, ho was ono of the greatest soldiers of the Union army. Ropes, In his "Story of tho Civil War" discusses tho report that President Lincoln once remarked, when ih>' promotion of Thomas was urged, "Ho is a Virginian and can wait," and expressc-i sir.inn hope that Air. Lincoln nev< r said any such thing. LINCOLN'S FIRST INAUGURAL* Another point of Interest in connec? tion with the border states la what the effect would have been upon the result the civil war if they bad gone ov. r to the Confederacy. Prof. Shalcr, in his history of Kentucky, strongly Intimates, If he does not actually say. that had Kentucky gone with the South the ending of the war would have been different. In the same way Representative Clark cites some tell-1 Ing eas a of how a change In tin' baiance of forces in the states of Missouri and Kentucky would have affected the general result. "Sup? pose." he says, "that as the sun waa setting on the Ibid of Slllioh all the Kentu klans, Mlssburians, and Tcn ni ins had been suddenly stlb tra tod from the Union army, and transferred to the Confederate side. ?'.mi any man doubt that as certain as fate tSenernl CSranl :nnl the remnants of his army would have b< on driven Into th"e Tennessee, and Beauregnrd would have fattened Iiis famished sol? diers on the fertile prairies of Illinois and Indiana? Take another ease, sup? pose that George II. Th >m:is had gone with his States, ami that when Pick? et! made his spectacular charge at Gettysburg. Thomas had reinforced him with the 294.669' veterans of the border States, who were then lighting In the Union armies, can any hiinia>.| being f ii| to understand what would have h en the result'.' In taking a re irasped of the conduct ><( the border States during the war, and of how ttte slaveli ' lers therein foil gill valiantly for their own undoing, i am forced to the conclusion that when Ahraham Lincoln sah! in his Hist inaugural ad dr???. "I have no purpose, directly or Indirectly, to Interfered with the insti? tution of slhrery In the state* where it exists, I believe I have no Inclina? tion to do so." he did more for the pre? servation Of Ibe Union than was done by all the speeches, great and small, delivered since the confusion of togiics at the tower of Babel, for that one .j. iteration held hundreds of thousands in the border States to the Union who would otherwise have gone to (he Smth. Having put their hands to tiie plough, the Kentuckinns and the m ssoiirians fought on after the emancipation proclamation as bravely and Undauntedly as before. Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis were both Kcntucklans, born within rt few miles of each other. The Lord Chief Justice of England says th it the unlicensed bar maintain i * 1 hv -lie House of Commons is wholly Irregular. I do not advertise prices. It is unneccessary. Every article, Bed Room Suits, fine and low cost Parlor Suits. Carpets, Rugs, Every article in the slock of some $20,000 is marked in plain figures. Are the prices low? Was ever #>,000 worth of goods sold in Norfolk in one store in one day with? out a slaughter? The sales here on Thursday were more than six wagons working day and night could complete the delivery of up to last night. Many choice goods have been brought down since room was made below, Extra salesmen have been secured. ! have done my p.irt that all may have a chance at the goods. Scorched, wet, damaged and absolutely perfect articles. Everything in the store must be closed out before the root" is taken off the building, which it must be in a few days. 1 want to ask those who can wait not to come eaHy_AV)i-djy, pn \ It possible to defer coming for a day or so. Those whose needs are urgent will probably overrun the store. 1 have no option, but to serve those who come first, and those who are in quick need should come when the doors open at 9 o'clock. It is but fair to say however that the Parlor Furniture and tine Bedroom Suits will be probably the first sold out. Their number is no: so great. To those who want these my advice to delay coming does not apply. Church street, oppi site St. Paul's. J THE MONTICELLO CORNER. White Goods! White Goods I Thin department offers irrealst able attraction*, comprising all the staples and tlx- newest productions ?r the s?aaon. No difficulty will t>o experienced in supply Ins tho needs of the most fastidious. Embroideries and jLaces. What Is more fascinating to tho tasty shopper? The highest ambition miy he gratified In this department. The most dainty effects in Swiss and Nnlns ok Match Sets und Cambrics of nil widths a nd prices. I.iocm of the newest eltei is of tie- season, and raro designs that Indicate tho work of high art; all widths to ?natch. Colored Wash Fabric. In great variety. Antlcli>ate your needs and buy your wash materials early, nr.rl thus secure Hie best styles. The llrst pro ductions ? f the season are always the best. French Ginghams one of the lendl ng wash fabrics of the season. Wo are showing about forty different effects, tho most dainty and delicate colorings, per? fectly fust colors. 25c. and 35c. Silks and Wool Dress Goods. Ijtrge arrivals this week for these dep artments. Our Mr. Ames being in New York in search of novelties, no pains nor time win bo spared in securing novel I i ? that can hut he appreciated. We, only ask that you visit the new store and curofully Inspect our stock before buying. Old Phone No. 437. New Phone No. 825. I 3 OF OUR WINDOWS *se t Mb Given up to the Neckwear Department, representing new, up-to-date, early Spring ??* *se at NECKWEAR *se jt 1 Number one is filled with English Squares in ^ White Silk and Black Satin. Price 50c, actually % worth $1.00 each. Number two favors the red effects?take a look at 2? this windov/. gfc Number three is filled with neat effects, blue and X while, dainty, stylish and chick?you can surely find something io please you in our stock. Number four is trimmed with Underwear and Hosiery, the latter represents 100 dozen "Armoured" ^ Socks? 4 pair in a box, for 50c. Sold only by box? wosth double the price. JS MEN'S FINE FURNISHERS. 5i # HHTCH ?t DE?N, SHIRTS MADE TO ORDER. W 25 and 27 GR?NBY ST.