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VIRGINIAN - PILOT.
r ?BY THE? (VIKGLNIAN AND PILOT PUBLISHING COMPANY. MM VIRGINIAS AND DAILY PILOT. | (Conaolldated March, 1835.) ' Entered at tho PostofHce at Norfolk, (Va.. as second-class matter. , PFFICB: PILOT I3UILDINO. CITY HALL AVENUE. norfolk, va. -OFFICERS: A. H. OR ANDY, President: M. GLENNAN. Vlce-Prcsldent; W. ?. (WILKINSON, Treasurer; JAMES E. AL? UPENT. Secretary. _ BOARD OF DIRECTORS: A. n. Grandy, M. Glennan, L. D. Starko. Jr.. ET. W. Shelton. R. W. Shutuce. James E. iAIIon. D. F. Donovan. THREE CESTJ? PER COPY. subscription rates: The VIRGINIAN-PILOT Is *5 hubscribera by carriers In 'Norfolk; IM vicinity, Portsmouth, Berkley. fauf^r01^ iWest Norfolk. Newport News, for 10 cents per week, payable to tho carrier [By mall, to any placo In tho Untied (States, postago free: *>A1I.T, oue jrnr - - t5 00 six iiion?li? - .1.00 ?? IbrcomotilH* - - ,,;i0 ? om in oil ill ? * ? ADVERTISING RATES: Aav""sc; ments inserted at tho rato of 7o Square, first Insertion; each subsequent Insertion 40 cents, or 60 cents, when In? serted Every Other Day. Contractors aie riot allowed to exceed their space or aa Vcrtiso other thr-.n their ?e*lil!7?a 5?. ?h ness, except by paying especially lor mo Reading Notices Invariably 20 cents per line Jlrst insertion. Each subsequent in? sertion 15 cents. Ne employe of tho Vlrgtnlan-PIiot Pub? lishing Company Is authorized to contract any obligation In tho namo o. the com? pany, or to inako purchases in the namo of the Bame, except ?Po? ordrr?i.fi????^ y the PRESIDENT OF TBE COMPANY. In order to avoid delays, on account of personal absence, letters nnd .all comnMi idcatl-ms for Tht VIRGINIAN-PILOT ehould not be addressed to any Individual connected with tho oftlce. but simply to Tho VIRGINIAN AND PILO'I l'UU 1L1SH1NG COMPANY. TWELVE PAGES THURSDAY. APRIL 13, 1SS9. altgeld-s candidacy for mayor. The Norfolk Landmark of last Friday had a characteristic editorial, seizing every pretext to stab the Democracy and the Democratic parly in the back. While pretending the greatest solicitude for them. It had a similar attack on j the party and its National Committee I Jn Its issue of Tuesday of last week; I but we content ourselves with quoting I & paragraph from its Friday issue, as follows: "Altgeld's failure to receive the nomi? nation for Mayor brought the ox-Gov ernor to the desperate alternative of yielding the reins of parly control to Harrison or of openly lighting the reg- | ularly-.chosen Democratic ticket. His' Idea, of course, was to draw enough .votes from his Democratic opponent to elect the Republican candidate. Silnn it. Carter, and thus roughly check the career of young Harrison. The Na? tional Democratic bulletin, issued under the auspices of Chairman James K. Jones and his fellow National Comrhlt teemon, deliberately advised tho Demo? crats of Chicago to vote for-Altgcld in spite of the fact that he was a b >ltcr from the regular organization ot the party. Such advice from the commit? tee was an absolute somersault from its previous contention that no man who enters a party convention and then re? fuses to indorse Its action can be a Democrat. "Chicago Democrats have shown by their votes that they are done with AJtgeldism, even when supported !>>? the misdirected Influence of the Na? tional Committee. The malign power of Altgeld is broken, and we hope that It is broken forever. Democracy is to be congratulated upon a happy rid? dance. The omen is most encouraging." Not being so willing as our eagerly Credulous morning local contemporary to accept the Republican version of the Democratic situation at Chicago, espec? ially as it involves the National Demo? cratic Committee, we addressed a note to Chairman Join s, from whose private secretary we have received the follow? ing reliable and authoritative infor? mation: "Washington, D. C, April 10, 1899. Editor Virginian-Pilot: Dear Sir?Your letter of the Sth inst., lo Senator Jones, asking ab,mi the truth of the statement that the Na? tional Committee endorsed Gov, Alt eeld's candidacy for .Mayor of Chicago, etc., Is received. Senator Jones Is yet In such physical condition that Ills phy? sicians will not permit him to give any of his attention to his mail or to bus Incss matters, and it devolves upon me to reply to your letter. A telegram to tho Senator from the rVlrglnlan-Pilot came Saturday, making Inquiries of the same nature, to which I replied. As I stated In the telegram the National Committee did not in any ?way take any action whatever in the hiatter of tho election for -Mayor in Chicago. A few days before the elec iUon I had a telegram front Mr. P .1 Devlin, who Issues the bulletin for the committee, saying the Chicago papers bad misconstrued an article appearing In the Bulletin. I have not Been the ar? ticle In question and do not know what It contained. A telegram to the Cincinnati E nquir fcr from Chicago, which lias been re, 'printed in a number of Eastern papers Bald Mr. Devlin advised all Chicago gilatform Democrats to vote- for'Altgeld and that upon being seen about the matter said further that his statements Jiad Senator Jones' sanction. T feel fierfectly safe in saying that Mr Dev? in did not say this, for I know Sena Hot Jones knew nothing whatever of the matter, and I nm sure Mr. Devlin .would not have made astatemcnl which Was untrue. I have a letter from Mr. Devlin this morning 1n which he says: ? "What I said Involved nobody else, i rlmply roasted Harrison on my Individ? ual account, and why I did It will be apparent when detailed report ar? rives." Tho Raleigh News and Observer de morning- the esteemed Washington Post takes occasion to say the denial comes too late, that it should have been made sooner; that Mr. Devlin said he had Senator Jones' sanction, and that the Senator appointed Oiov. Altgeld on the Advisory Committee, etc. Tho assertions of fact In this article are untrue. Mr. Devlin did not have authority from Senator Jones to make any such statements, and Mr. Devlin did not say ho had such authority. Sen? ator Jones has never appointed ah Ad? visory Committee, and therefore could not have appointed Gov. Altgeld upon such a committee. Senator Jones has for two months been very critically ill. He has not been permitted to p?<> any papers or any of his ma ft. In the hope that rest and quiet would bring perma? nent relief from his trouble. I. there? fore, cannot understand how tho Post could expect him to deny something of which he had no knowledge, and yet It could have secured the facts In the case had It taken the trouble to send one of its young men to the Senator's house, where I would have been glad to have Riven them nny information. As I said. I do not know what Mr. Devlin said In the Bulletin, but what? ever he did say was an expression of his own with which tho National Com? mittee had nothing whatever to do. You nre nt liberty to make these statements public, if you desire to do so. or to assert that anything I have stated herein is true, without any fear of Its holng successfully controverted. I am very truly yours, KIMBROUGH JONES. Private Secretary. That knocks everything from under the Landmark, and leaves it dangling In the air. But while our contemporary may not he at nil responsible for such slanders and calumnies upon tho De? mocracy which It spreads In Its little, circle with "ghoulish glee," we beg In all kindly charity to suggest that to become notorious as a circulator of Hanna lies is not more desirable for a journal than to become a dealer in Eagan or Alger beef; and we therefore pray it to be more careful hereafter.and take a lesson from our example In this matter,?to seek the truth as to De? mocracy from Its headquarters, and not from Hanna emissaries, commissaries, or other venders or providers of foul supplies. ABANDONED FARM LANDS. The fact that many farms in Virginia and North Carolina, that once earned a sure profit over and above cost of production, and besides produced suste? nance for home needs In abundance and to spare .and affording comfortable and happy homes for largo families, have been abandoned since the demone? tization of silver metal, because the price-value of the products have fallen below tin? cost of production, leads to the Inquiry: are these States to con? tinue in the future to maintain rank as agricultural States? Tho past history of Virginia and North Carolina agriculture is replete with conspicuous examples of success achieved, and victories won, in the no? blest of the world's occupations, and the present should, under proper mon? etary conditions, also afford abundant evidence thai man may win (if he will employ what God has given him as equipment, the most fertile lands In Virginia and North Carolina, to be found in the world), not only compe? tence, but wealth as a tiller of the soil. Then why this heglra from the country to the large villages, towns and cities of these and other States? Tho movement from the rural dis? tricts to the cities, especially to large manufacturing places, has become so general, that the labor supply Is greater than the demand, and thousands are put to great straits to Und employment to enable them to earn the actual neces? saries of life. Often we see or hear of numerous instances of this kind. This condition of things is indeed lamenta? ble, nnd appears to be on the increase. There are hundreds of thousands of acres of land where once happy fami? lies lived in comparative affluence, and where strong hands and willing minds made the earth bring forth the grains, the fruits nnd the grasses of the ener? getic husbandman, that now lay idle, because farming has be.-ome unprofita? ble, owing to the extremely low nnd constantly falling price-values of agri? cultural products. If a portion of the laboring population of our large villages, towns and cities could soo tiny chance of success In farming at tho prevailing low prices, they would break from their present environments, seek homes in the coun? try and commence life anew, the change would redound to the benefit of nil. Those left behind would then find ample opportunities to engage in remunera? tive employment nnd much of the suf? fering occasioned by crowded labor marts would cease t.> exist. These peo? ple have been raised on the farms, and know nothing about anything else be? sides farming. If those who were one,- farmers could have any Inducement to return to their first love and till the n >w idle acres, the agricultural portion of, not only Vir? ginia nnd North Carolina, but our en? tire Southland, In every line of busi? ness nnd profession, would gradually ami surely experience real prosperity, to the great advantage of the cities, whose prosperity Is absolutely dependent ul? timately upon thai of agriculture. "The necessity of Its success," as well as "the Justice of Its cans.-." is urged as a chief argument by the Democratic party in appealing to the people for support; nnd it is a, practical conside? ration upon which all of us should pon? der most seriously. Think of it: "The necessity of its success;"?not the suc? cess of the party, except in so far as that is the success of the cause. The Justice of the cause is in vain, nnd our enthusiastic acclaim of that Justice is also vain, unless we give It success? "SUCCESS AT THE POLLS." Remem? ber that, Democrats; and from now un? til the polls close at sunset on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in l^o m^iWk\liL\aiLl^l-^mY^\m!irmvo^ca and for solves, but work for other voter3 and workers. Wo may have a population next year of 80,000.000. This will possibly furnish 1C.000.000 voters of all sorts. To make our calling and election sure in 1900, we must secure at least over 8,000,000 Dem? ocratic votes, and as many more as pos? sible, to make assurance doubly sure. Therefore, Democrats, "be up and do? ing." We do not know that there !s any? thing said, or to be said, personally, against Senator Martin, of Virginia, except that he Is a consenting benefi? ciary, If he was not also an active co? adjutor. In the means which nix years ago defeated Fltzhugh Lee and sorely disappointed the people of Virginia. If General Lee refers to this at all in hia letter of withdrawal it is In the gen? eral terms of the last paragraph of that letter, as follows: "In conclusion, I express the hope that the people of Virginia will be given In the near future the opportunity for the selection of a Senator to represent their Interests in the Senate of the United States, and that no man shall occupy that high position unices he can read his title clear." We think all the demands of exegesis and construction are fully satifled by taking It as an endorsement of the movement all over the country to se? cure some proper popular participation in the selection of U. S. Senators. THE VIRGINIAN-PILOT has urged, as it still does (and in the present case), that the people, in nominating their candidates for the legislature, instruct them as to their choice for U. S. Sen? ator! _ When the trusts and other combines have gone as far as they like In con? solidation, combination, co-operation, monopoly, non-competiilon, regulation of wages, prices, &c, and tho exclusive enjoyment of a tender and munificent paternalism from government In all Its departments, they mny desire to bo "conservative" and stop It all where It Is, so as to save what they have got; but there is an Inexorable law of se? quence which will cause others to take things out of their hands at that point and carry them on to their natural and logical completion, conclusion, catas? trophe. The lessons they have taucht others will be turned against them: their Inventions will return to plague them; the whirligig of time will bring in its revenges; the bottom spokes and felloes will come on top; anil the lim? ited socialism, communism and agra rlanlsm they have, practiced for their own special benefit, will be extended and expanded into an "ell for all" over the trusts, and everybody, wasting eve? rything In a community of goods, and expunging nutr ? and tuum as well as the line between public and private af? fairs, so ns to have one grand com? mune or phalanstery, varied by tilter nate anarchy and despotism. The newspaper with an enlightened sense of duty, attempts all things, great and small: nothing Is too large, nor too little, not to deserve and have Its at? tention; and beyond the sphere of news and information. It overlooks no topic oi' subject that should Interest Its readers. Its field ic? all knowledge. In all and everything, it seeks to Instruct and elevate; and If it fails, It may bo more the fault of Its readers than Its own. Narrow-minded and fretful persons are apt to demand more of this or that than they get in their news, or less of something else; and no live paper ever yet pleased everybody, In Its editorials, with Its subjects or its treatment of them. Tint every newspaper well knows that It is a live paper and a success whenever its news, or editorials, or general conduct, becomes a subject of general criticism, discussion and dis? pute. The Tweed Ring had everything in their little swing; jus: as the Hanna band believe they have the land forever in their hand. Hut Tweed and his ca? hoot, nfter years of loot, became the common hoot, flying far and fast from hot pursuit. Mark, Ilanna, mark that story as thy own; for you shall lose your throne. Just when you think you're as solid as a stone. The fates decree your fall; and as in dust you crawl, you'll hear the land rejoice at deliver? ance from your thrall! UNCLE SAM.?"Don't be alarmed, Phillies. I've cume over to sit down on you, and show you how to keep house." PHILLIES.?"But we don't like to be? s?t on, and we mean to keep bouse, ami keep it our own way"? UNCLE SAM.?"For all tho cussedest, contraries!, ungrateful cusses! I never did"? There Is a great scarcity of legal tenders. The banks of the larger cities cannot meet the demands of their de? positors and other customers for them; and yet it Is the banks, or certain agents thereof, that have had many legal-tenders withdrawn and canceled, and now urge that all be retired. There can be no doubt, as between Bryan and McKinley, which is the can? didate of the people and which the can? didate of wealth, combines and trusts; which Is the champion of the general welfare, and which that of special priv? ilege and profit, trusts, corporations, &o. It Is very noteworthy that our plat? form of 1S9R Invites to Its support, only "citizens who approve its principles ami purposes, and who desire to have them made effective through legislation for the relief of the people and the restora? tion of the country's prosperity." Down in Georgia, Hanna was playing VIRGlNlftN-PILOTS_ (Copyrighted, 1S99) DIRECTED UY PROF. SEYMOUR EATON. SUBJECTS OF STUDY IN THE ORDER IN WHICH THEY WILL BE PUBLISHED. EVERT SUNDAY? History?Popular Stut?ea In European History. EVERY TUESDAY? Geography? The World's Great Commercial Products. EVERY WEDNESDAY? Governments of the World of To-day. EVERY THURSDAY AND FRIDAY? Literature?Popular Studtcs In Literature EVERY SATURDAY? Art?Tho World's Great Artists. Tin-so ronr??i will conllmio until June 2011?. Fx am I mil Ions eoitdtieted by mull, will bo bold nl Ibelr close i\n a bn*l? for Hie (rantlUR of Cerllttanlea. POPULAR STUDIES IN LITERATURE. Vll-THE FIRST GREAT ENG? LISH NOVELISTS. BY MAUHICB FRANCIS EG AX, A. M., LL. D. Lot us begin by making a distinction between the romance and the novel, and ndopt fictitious narrative: A rom? ance concerns itself with incident, a novel with character; a romance may deal with the supernatural and the pre? ternatural to any extent; a novel may deal with these only so far as they affect the development of character. Sir Walter Scott's "Monastery," Nath? aniel Hawthorne's "Marble Kann" and Oliver Wendell Holmes' "Elsie Venner" are romances; sir Walter Scott's "The Heart uf Midlothian;" Thackeray';; Ins force Hint caused Shakespeare to strike at the right time on the heated Imaginations <>f the Elizabethans. Dc fo? was the first of the great English novelists, it was not necessary that a novel should have an intricate plot: his had not, but It Is necessary that it should show psychological develop? ment. Nothing could more plainly manifest the exotic character of the obscenities of the restoration time than the high and reverent lone of "Rob? inson Crusoe;" it reflected the spirit of a nation which can never long remain unmindful of God. Defoe's life was an unhappy one; at 65 he turned to fiction; he was rewarded with a fame that will live as long as hearts capable of en? joying the triumphs of will over matter and the workings of a sane mind exist. "N'cwoomcs" ami W. D. Howcll's "A Modern Instance" are novels. Sir Thomas More, John Lyly and Sir Philip Sidney wrote romances which hail some things in common with our modern novels, but which were, never? theless, romances. Sir Thomas More's "Utopia," written in Latin (151G), John Lyly's "Euphues" (1570), anil Sir Philip Sidney's "Arcadia" (1590) cunnol be overlooked in the history of the novel, yet their influence <>n the modern novel is very slight, because they were not novels according t<> the term as us. d a' the end of the nineteenth century. Xhomas Nash (1567-1600) wrote storks which had a realistic character, and which were full of those pedantic ploys upon words which the real Cyrano d? Bergerac, Rabelais ami Shakespeare used so frequently for the amusement of the people. Mrs. Aphra Behn (H'.ftS), the precursor of "Emtle" and "i'aul and Virginia,' 'was romantic to the last degree. However important these works of fiction wire, none of them can be called great novels?that they showed germs of the various kinds of novels which the demands of our times have devel? oped, Is true; hut thai they are in any way responsible for the splendid (lower? ing of the novel In the ctgthtccnth and nineteenth centuries is not true. The novel, as we know it. is the outcome of certain social changes and conditions; it Is the literary expression of our time, as the drama was that of Shakespeare and the satire that of Pope, Swift's "Gulliver's Travels" (1726) can scarcely be put among the novels; it was intend? ed to lie a satire, and it was a brutal and pessimistic arraignment of the hu? man race. The realistic narratives of Daniel Defoe, "form," as Stopford Brooke says, "the transition from the slight tale and romance of the Eliza? bethan time to tile finished novel of Richardson and Fielding." But there is one exception to this, and that is "Kob inson Crusoe" (1710). This great book is a novel of character. Defoe's "Moll Flanders," "Col. .lack," "('apt. Single? ton," "Duncan Campbell," "History of the Great Plague in London," "Memoirs of a Cavalier" and the rest do not reach a fullness and roundness and have not the philosophical character of the pe? rennially Interesting "Itoblnson Cru? soe." It Is not mere arrangement of episodes cunningly made to appear log? ical and true; It is a study of a mind and of the results of a human will ex? erted upon the things of earth lesser than Itself. Tal'ne Is nartly right when he says that "It was by chance Defoe, like Cervantes, lighted on a novel of character." It was by. that chance that makes genius?the chance which striked both the man and the hour, which Is ?.. -.. ... ^ - - ... - _ It would bo as raise, however, to say that ho founded a school as to say that tin; artistic realism of Edgar Poo was ! the conscqucnci of his marvelous power of mak|ns even the Impossible seem i probable. In ''Robinson Crusoe," in the HENRY FIELDING. I ".Memoirs of a Cavalier." in the "flreat Plague." he obliges us to see things as he sees them, and his simplicity of style adds to the effect or an an which carefully conceals art. When we c >m pare his manner and that or Gold? smith, in "The Vicar or Wnkeilcld" (litlti). with the style of Mis.- Lturncy? which in her later novels reached an unendurable condition of bombast- we are grateful that Goldsmith's popular? ity helped to neutralize the in;!:: :i ??? of Dr. Johnson, whose "little fishes al? ways talked like whales." Richardson's "Pamela" (1710), Field? ing's "Joseph Andrews" (1712), and Sterne's "Tristram Shandy" (17;,tl) chronologically precede Goldsmith's "Vicar of Wakcfleld;" so. too, do Rich? ardson's masterpiece, "Clarissa Har lowe" OTIS), and Fielding's greatest novel. "Tom Jones" (1749). Logically In the line of progress they ought to, for the moral tone and refinement of "The Vicar of WakcfU Id" showed a. great leap toward the higher purity and del? icacy of our own time. Samuel Rich? ardson is always moral, but often very coarse, Judged by our conventions. He was loved by the Indies of his time. Like John Lyly and Sir Philip Sidney, he wrote for the women, and they wept many tears over his persecuted and pa? tient Pamela and the sentimental and preaching Clarissa. Richardson was the rage, the fashion, the "fad." I have one voldme of "Clarissa Ifarlowe" that be? longed .to a fair Virginian of the lost ^^^.^ T. 1- ?r , ntrlnnl tinlmi, "How prudent! How sweet!" stand in. dim handwriting beside passages which describe Clarissa as almost sickly -with sentimentality. 15ut the wonder la that tho wickedness of tho rake Lovelace excites no written reprobation; It seems to be an accepted fact worthy of no surprise, that the hero should en? deavor with the whole force of his will to degrade a woman who at last accepts him gratefully as a husband. The need or Pamela's struggles to save herself and the reward of her virtuous resist? ance seem equally terrible to the chang? ed sense of this century. The hero is a brute, and will doubtless remain very much of a bruto until his death, but the heroine, who is very much below him in tho social scale, endures his insults to have the honor at last of being grateful that heaven has "made her such a man!" In "Pamela" and "Clarissa Ilnrlowe' there Is vitality; they are not of our tines; and. without being Pharisaical, we may bo very thankful that they are not- Tho movement and growth of character are in them. "Pamela" was published in four volumes. "Clarissa Harlowe" In seven, but of all tiresome, linreal and falsely sentimental novels the last Is the most tiresome, unreal and falsely sentimental. The change In the position of women, ns well ns the improvement in manners, Is shown In tho novels or Ulchardson and Fielding; Smollett and Sterne count for less, both as artists and representatives of their time. The Elizabethan time, when, ns Lowell says, maids of honor drank beer for breakfast and princesses and ladies of quality swore volubly, was not far off. It would take a very courageous mother to read aloud tho most touching parts of "Clarissa Harlowe" or "Pa mela" to a circle of young persons of an evening, and a still more courageous one to recommend the "rewards" of those heroines as suitable for the self respectlng women of our time. But, as the Hist of Its kind, as the best or its time, as a novel which Inspired higher sentiments In a society which seems, at a distance, to have been somewhat "barbaric," to use Talne's adjective, "Clarissa Hnrlowc" is n clnnslc. I Samuel Ulchardson was a very honest and sincere man, a printer by trade, and what Matthew Arnold calls a "Philistine" by temperament. He lived a contented man; he was famous and he hm-w it; he was good and he knew it. because all the best and most beau? tiful ladies of his day united in telling him so, and their Utterances were cor? roborated by It it; own consciousness. The note of democracy sounds in "Pa mcla" at: in "Tom Jones," for li7?~rcTt;n of the common people had begun. Shakespeare did not dream of making a hero or heroine who was not of noble blood?Ulchardson chooses a servant, and Fielding the son of nobody as tho pivots or "Pamela" and "Tom Jones." "Tom Jones" Is a gross book, writ? ten apparently In the ItlghiMt spirits; but it is not morbid; it has no odor of the dissecting room; good and bad, ns the author sees them, are good and bad In It. So much Btrees ban been laid on Its sensuality that the prurient reader will be terribly disappointed to find this much overrated. The youth who can be corrupted by "Tom Jones" should have died In childhood; he will fall utterly at the first temptation, so worm-eaten must be his powern of re? sistance. According to the conventions of tl.Ightccnth century, "Tom Jones" was not Immoral, or even very coarse. Tom .Jones is an animal with, at times, good Instincts: and th" passion of love in Fielding's novels is without Idealism or refinement, All agree that the fable In "Tom .loner." Is well managed, and thero can be no question that the char? acters arc real flesh and blood. Field? ing, too, Is a preacher and a moralist, lie has the easy views of his time; I wild oats must be sown; "divine phi? losophy" must "be procuress to the lords of bell." The squire drinks him? self stupid every day to his daughter's inutile, while the dutiful Sophy takes It as a matter of course, as she will for? give docilely th,; infidelities or Tom Jones, who Is destined to marry her. Fielding Is great as a novelist because he is natural; he Is fed on underdone beef. |>ut it Is the beef of old England; scratch him jest a little, and, in spite .if his prenchmi nts, you find a satyr; he holds tho mirror up to nature; ho is a realist, hut he is an artist. He is without idealism, and so thoroughly does he believe everything natural to be reasonable that, when he wants to shock us. ho appeals t.. the unnatural. He is great, too, because he mnlreu UA see men. and women grow nnd live as they really developed and lived. Like "Clarissa llarlbwe"?wh ise author Fielding despised?like "The Vicar of Wnltefleld," "Totti Jones" made an epoch hi English literature; it, too. is a classic. Had it. nev n written we might have Tharjlt r.'ty, but It tin conditions of lire which Fielding ;.t mnrvelously pictured had not existed English society later could have pre duced neither "Pendennls" nor "Vanity Fair." Note.?This study will be concluded to-morrow. EXAMINATIONS AND CERTIFI CATES. At the end of the twm of seventeen weeks, a scries of questions on each course, prepared by Professor Seymour Eaton, will be published In the Vir? ginian-Pilot, and blanks containing tho questions will be furnished every sub? scriber making application to* same. Two weeks will be allowed nfter the ? courses close, ror the receipt of exami? nation papers containing answers. These papers will bo referred to it Board of Examiners, who will assist Professor Eaton, and ns soon ns tho work of examination is complete, the result will be reported, and certlllcates isstn d to the St?de:''.? entitled to them. omethino ?oo?! Pest Fltrin T.utter .;?e. Sinithllcld Hams, small slzoa .15o? Meal Baltimore Hams .10c, 4 cans Good .Milk .25a, Eagle Ilrnhd .15c. v ; Hinds Starch for .Be. In bars Good Soap.25c. Everything in a first-class grocery stum always on band. VIRGINIA GitOGfiRY GO., D. PEN DER, Manager 'hones 463. 71 and 73 New Market Pia L. LANG BALLE, ? CREAM PARLOR -AND WHOLESALE (1MGT?BER Wo can furnish you with a better and cheaper cream than it Is possible to get elsewhere. Come and sampla our cream and get;1 prices nnd bo convinced. CllUltCyiSTItEET, OPPOSITE HOLT. VOTH PHONES, 6M,