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VIRGINIAN - PILOT.
?' ' ?BY THE? ' ?flRGLNIAN AND PILOT PUBLI8HLNO ' " COMPANY. KM VIRGINIAN AND DAILY PILOT. (Consolidated March. IMS.)_ Enured at the Postofnce at Norfolk, t/m., ?j? second-class matter. _ OFFICE: PILOT BUlbDINO, ?1 CITY HAUL AVENUE. norfolk. va. OFFICERS: A. H. Grandy. President: W. S. Wilk? inson, Treasurer; James E. Allen, bec **ltry BOARD OF DIRECTORS: A H Grandy tu D Starke, Jr.. T. YV. eiie'lton, R. W. ShulUce. VY. S. Wilkinson. Jsuuea E. Allen. D. F. Donovan._ Til IC KU de? IH PKK COI'T. subscription rates: The VIRGINIAN-PILOT Is de'dverea *! ?ubJcrlbers by carriers in No'foJ*_n.nJ vicinity, Pcrtsmoiuh. Berkley, b" in West Norfolk. Newport News, totW cents per week, paytblo to tho carrier. Jiy mall, to any place In Iba uniieu States, postage free: > JUAIl.Y. eue year - ?.1.00 - ?tauiontlia ? 11.00 " Iiiree inonth? - - " um' im an 10 ? * " *?'** ADVERTISING RATES: Advertise? ments Insertea at the rale of 1?,cCn,s?tt tjquaro Hrat Insertion; each subsequent Insertion 10 cents, or 60 cents, when in? serted Every Other Day. Contractors are not allowed to exceed ihelr spare or ad? vertise elher than their loKlllmato bus? iness, except by paying especially .or me same. Reading Notices Invariably K> cents per line first Insertion. Each subsequent In? sertion 15 cents. _ Ne employe of the Vlrg:nlan-Pliol Pub? lishing Company is authorized to contract any oblluntlon In iho name of the com? pany, or to make purchases In the name of tho same, except upon orders Signed ny the PRESIDENT OF THE COMPANY. In order t-y nrold Oelaye. on account of pernonal absence, letters end nil commu? nications for The VIRQIN1.\N-PI DOT should not b? addressed to any individual connected with tho office, bul v.mply lo The VI HORN I AN AND PILOT PUB? LISHING COMPANY. TWELVE PAGES SATURDAY. MAY 13, 1S5!>. IS VICE VICTOR? p "' " - The laws of trade, the laws of nature, Ihe laws of man and even the laws of God, If not wisely interpreted and fol? lowed and enforced by men In this tem? poral dispensation, with a strong and Impartial hand, become the stay and re luge of the lawless and the curse of nil who wish to do right and preserve order. Who has not found this out? It was nn open secret in the earliest days of human experience, and to-day ?we seem to have reached a climax, un? der a mask of enlightenment, morali? ty and Justice, in which depravity and profligacy debauch all men and all things, or betray them, to the will of the wicked and their triumphant will. It is but a truism and commonplace platitude to say bo; for all men know the truth of this matter; nnd there Is nothing astonishing about It except the indifference with which men accept It, nnd seek to adapt themselves to the requirements of the awful situation. The fraud in food is but a proof and Illustration of the ruling nnd pervading spirit and policy of an age that only laughs at the old saying that "honesty is the best policy." Honesty, In these days, is the best policy, in others, for rogues, as cow? ardice. In others. Is the best policy for bullies. But there is not too much hon? esty, no more than there 1s too much money; and If there be enough of It anywhere, nobody, as with money, has nny to spare, or even to lend, except at good interest, on reliable security. Even In our households we eat and drink "freezlne, preservative, freeze 'em, ros oline," &c, without knowing it, Just os we swallow all sorts of adulterants, poisons and falsehoods in our politics. Our most simple nnd innocent looking food and drink are full of deleterious mixtures, not accidentally there, but deliberately put there to defraud us, make money nnd enable the manipula? tors to make a good appearance nnd put on sanctimonious faces In the Amen Comer on Sundays. Everything Is of, lor and by Mammon, who builds and dedicates our tallest nnd finest tem? ples. What are we going to do about It? Can we really lift ourselves over the fence by our boot-straps? Is there nny tuse of attacking men and practices that are generated by our surroundings ??born in sin and brought forth In Iniquity? If wc are not to get rid of tho sin and Iniquity, what avail Is there In exterminating their Ill-begotten progeny? None; for soon there would be a worse generation, more hungry, ?fiercer, stronger, numerous and harder to d'-aJ with. Men and brethren, It (.. isea one to blush when, under these r u instances, he has to appeal to ?? rallty, religion, honor and manhood; ' what other recourse? Are we all ; s, thieves and swindlers, in every? thing? We are all sinners, and none of us sre righteous?no, not one;v but to as tuime a virtue, though you have if not, Is evidence of a respect for better men and things that is more hopeful than the open proflicacy that vaunts vice ns the victor of life. RJSti, FELLOW-MEN I When, even tho wickedness, impolicy ivnd general Idiocy of the measures and ?cslgns of this administration are .sul> (Btantlally confessed, the confession It pelf is urged as a glorious proclama? tion that the United States Jia.s re? solved to manfully take up Its share of "the white mail's burden" by seeking, seizing, shouldering and staggering un? der the sweating fardel of the yellow Malay ra/-c In the far off Archipelago of tho Philippines in Asiatic seas. And gnoxk JthA chorus of mad majilacs shrieking In jubilation, at Washington and elsewhere. In the joys of despairing apostacy and desolation, as the goddess of liberty is forced to head the proces? sion in honor of taking up "tho white mini's burden," which is usually put upon some other race, or on the should ? ers of the noor white man. Tho meanest Iralt of some white men ?not of the white man, no!?is this grandiloquent, bombastic nnd pompous pretension of carrying others, where they themselves are really the carried; Look around for these fellows, who em? brace Opposite extremes, from the cant? ing, puling, whey-faced hypochondriacs, who move on stretchers borne by others, to the bullies of philanthropy who extort contributions In the name of the humanity they disgrace nnd de? fraud. "We arc at once tools and vic? tims or this abominable system, which we can and must vote down in 1900, or be slaves forever. GETTING INTO INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY. The partition of China goes on satis? factorily to the looters, and our imper? ialists In America arc regretting that we did not go far enough East, while we were! at it, to establish a "sphere of Influence" in the Flowery Kingdom, which being Intcpretcd, means that por? tion of the empire which might have been subjected to our despotic domina? tion by tho International trust. Even a Ixindon paper cries "serves you right" at us, for not keeping up with the pro? cession; nhd. of coui-se, that settles it among our statesmen of the new Issue that it Is our manifest national des? tiny to play jnckall to England hcre nrter In the affairs of Asia and Africa, if not In Europe, America and the rest of tho world. Tho Philippine and Snmoan entangle? ments are mere primings -the begin? nings of imperial entanglements abroad, that will surely put us in the hands of the worst black-legs of European diplo? macy; and while the interests of lib? erty, and of tit is country can only lose In any co-operation or alliance with European politics, our present political flunkeys and cads at Washington will consider It a. grand thing to be pluck? ed by titled sharpers, and even to pawn our national honor and safety -to win a nod of public recognition from a nasty old knave who has sold what soul he had inherited to the devil, long ago to learn a trick to make the poor poorer, and a game to euchre liberty out of her robes and crown, and drape her in rags. THE EDWARD ATKINSON CASE. Mr. Edward Atkinson denies that he has sent seditious matter through the U. S. mails to Manila. Mr. Atkinson no doubt thinks he Is telling the truth, nnd he may be so doing. Even the truth becomes seditious at certain times, un? der some circumstances; and as matter out of place becomes dirt and filth, so truth and wisdom, out of place, may be as foul and Improper as lying and as mad as lunacy. Without splitting hairs or chopping logic with Mr. At? kinson, let him speak for himself: "For the. purpose of ascertaining whether or not the JJnlted .Slates mails were or were not open to the citizens of the United States residing In Manila. I addressed on April 'SI a letter to the Secretary of War in the following terms: " "I desire to send a large number of the inclosed pamphlets (naming Iii? pamphlets and inclosing copies of them) to the officers and privates In the Philippine islands. I, therefore, de? sire to know whether or not these doc? uments can be sent directly through the War Department or may be forwarded in due course by mail. A list of regi? ments Is desired, and if there are print? ed lists of ollicers available they would serve me a vt ry useful purpose.' "1 received no reply to this letter. "On April -I and 25 I put Into the United Suites mail as a test eight copies, one of each of these two pam? phlets, addressed to the following per? sons:?Adini. al?ili oi gi- I u>\\ . y, i-r.st dent Schurman, Professor Worcester, Gen. H. ci. uiis. General Lawton, Gen? eral Milb r ami J. F. Pass, correspond? ent of Harper's Weekly (two copies). I now understand that the above gen? tlemen are not to be allowed by the cabinet of the United States to read these documents even if they cared to do so. "I Informed the Antl-Imperlalist Lea? gue of Boston, of which I was an of cor, of the above facts. Without con? sultation with me, and moved by what motive Is now immaterial, they address? ed a letter disclaiming any responsibil? ity for any notion thai I might take, which letter was made public. "Since then 1 have In i n subjected to the grossest misrepresentation both of my motives and my actions in a cer? tain portion of the press of the coun? try. This has culminated in the n ten! action of the cabinet of the United States upon the wisdom of which the public Will pas; judgment. "It is said that the circulation of these pamphlets In the United States will be permitted. 1 shall continue to use the United States mail for their transmission in this country, deeming my action not n matter of permission, but a matter of right." The difficulty with Mr. Atkinson Is a deficiency In Judgment, and this he displayed grossly In this mntter, both in what he did do, and in what he re quested to be allowed to do. He argues ' well nnd wisely as lo the whole Phil? ippine episode, but he errs eg'reglously in seeking to be heard at the scat of war. and ex-parie. as it were, if not on the sly. It Is said, however, by those alleged to know him well, that Mr. Atkinson is exceedingly happy at the stir he has made by attempting to ar? gue the war with our soldiers on the field, If "ot diso to ch< r Aguinaldo's forces. It is n great pity thai a good cause should be sadly - ri| pi I and dis? credited by Mr, Atkinson's Impru? dences. No doubt Mr. Atkinson Is fully within his rights on .- mic a.>!n:s. as with respect to his distributing h:s pamphlets or articles In the U. S. mails at home, In which it is to our mind an lnsdcnt usurpation or assumption on -J part of this administration "to permit" Mr. Atkinson, "for the present" to send these documents through the malls. In this Mr. Atkinson's right far transcends any power the officials have In the mat? ter. We think, however, that Mr. Atkin? son's own statement makes a ense against him.?at least to the extent that he desired to do. and would have done, If permitted, what Is wrong on Us face and in Itself, whatever the ac? tual law may be. "Carrying the war Into Africa" against a foreign foe or antagonist. Is not only allowable, but the height of wisdom sometimes; but for Mr. Atkinson to carry his war Into Asia against his own government ami to aid nnd comfort the enemy of the government, even in free speech and opinion, has an ill-look that I3 not cred? itable to the actor. Tho conclusive and crushing argu? ment against imperial expansion; in? ferior dependencies and dependents, or subjects; colonization, except in Amor lean territory, practically uninhabited; and similar new policies in American affairs Is the fact that they give rise to bo many serious, dangerous and urgent questions among us as to the rights, liberties and privileges of men and nations that never could have arisen among us but for these new pol? icies, now proposed or temporarily in force, nnd which never should have been raised. Having been decided once and forever for ourselves, by ourselves, we never again, in logic or morals, should have reopened them, nor allow? ed them to be reopened for us; and if any course on our part requires such re? opening, or reconsideration. It Is a suro thing, in fact and policy, that that course is forbidden to us. Nothing can be more clear. Tho further fact that such course, or reconsideration, must lead to an attack on our most sa? cred principles and most fundamental muniments, nnd to the reopening of the whole long-settled questions of out titles, tenures and charters, only the more emphasizes tho crime and blunder that have led us Into ftiis imperial bog, with its bottomless pits of muck and mire. We have heretofore called attention to the lmperia.1 and imperious fashion tlte Washington Post has sought to set up for itself. In declaring "enough:" "cease firing!" "silence!" "take your seats!" cie., when it tires of hearing of ;l matter or person. The Post (allow us to suggest) Is too previous In adopting this Imperial and masterful tone and manner. Walt a bit, esteemed contem? porary. You may raise a well-founded suspicion that you already have In your pocket Hanna's commission mak? ing you the U. S. Censor-General of the Press; but It may be premature to do so until after the November election of 1000. "The crime is not In the act, but in the exposure and proof. If caught in the act, however, have a Jury, or corn; mission, that will report that you were not there, and prove It on some other fellow?preferably, a too ready witness. ?"The Frying-Pandects of Hanna. "The Democratic party seems to re? gard success In business as a crime," says the N. Y. Sun. Yet, If so. Isn't that better than to regard success in crime as a legitimate business enter? prise, as the Hanna-Hepubllcan ma? chine seems to do? For some time (ever since March 4th, 1S07) we have been deprived of every liberty, except that of speech, and now our tongues are to bo tied and the prefix gagged. Now show your mettle! General Leonard Wood and General Brooke seem to bo having trouble in Cuba over ?. proper marriage law. Don't bother about the law, gentlemen, that is not what binds. _Tho cruli er Italeigb ran on a b.n irr Charleston harbor, while some of tin visitors wailed until they got Into the city. In the death of Dr. Armstrong the causo of truth and righeousness has lost an example as well as a teacher. Now that we have "wireless telegra? phy" and "liquified air." the Kecly mo? tor is in the background. Even the Cubans want to fight us. It is that Algcr beef surely that is dis? turbing therm_ "The end" of the war In the Philip? pines seems to be on the endless chain plan. The old "Confed" are fighting it all over again in Charleston. ROT KM A Mil OIM.IIOXX. Organized Wealth has never set the crown of freedom upon a single human brow, but It has made and owned more slaves in this land than have ever been carried captive fr< in the shores of Africa: and It has driven to death more men than have fallen in all the battles ever fought on American soil; and has drlvt n to houses of shame more women ; than have ever fallen because of the 1 perfidy of man. I Hut in the contest now Impending, Organized Wealth is face to face with an opposition such as it has not before seen. The world has never Ik t'ot e known such a 1 eople as those of the United States. When they once be? come awnkt m d. tii dr force will be such that nothing can withstand i:. With their attention ami thought once aroused, they will remedy their own evils, and they will do it by process of law, and by and through the means ol the ballot box. The upholding of estab? lished government nnd the maintenance of law are essential to the welfare of the people. In times of revolution, of riot and disorder nnd lawlessness, it is the poor and helpless who suffer and they who pay. The rich and powerful are able to llnd safety, nnd to escape the payment of any part of the revenue necessary to public ends. VIRGINIAN-PILOTS HOME STUDY 6IR6LE (Copyrighted, 1S99.) DIRECTED UY PROF. SEYMOUR EATON. , ? SUBJECTS OF STUDY IN THE ORDER IN WHICH THEY WILL BE PUBLISHED. EVERT SUNDAT? History?Popular Sludiia In European History. EVERY TUESDAY? Geography?The World's Great Commercial Products. EVERY WEDNESDAY? Governments of the World of To day. EVERY THURSDAY AND FRIDAY? Literati.re?Popular Studies In Literature. I EVERY SATURDAY? Art--The World's Great Artists. Tliese coarseN will coutln'ae naltl June 20th. ExnttilnMlntta rottdttctetl by mall, will be licltl nl llielr clone na a b??la lor tli?j crudltiic of t'ortitlcalc*. THE WORLD'S GREAT ARTISTS. VI.-HOCARTH. BY JOHN' EBENEZER BRYANT, M. A. Art In England, for some centuries, had been more or less the special pro? vince of foreigners. The English had always been liberal patrons of art. Perhaps no people in Europe, in pro? portion to their wealth, spent more money lit the purchase of pictures. But their patronage had generally 1.h mainly bestowed upon foreign produc? tions. Several foreigners also at vari? ous times bail resided in England, and under the patronage of the English courts had gained reputations that Were not Ignoble?reputations, indeed, comparable with those of any contem? porary artists in Europe. Holbein, in the reign in Henry VII.: Van Dyke, in the reign of Charles l.: sir Peter Lely and Sir Godfrey Kucller, at Inter dates, wore all painters whose works would have added luster to the art renown of any country where they might have happened to reside. But they were not Englishmen. They were attracted to England only by the chances thuy saw there of reaping rich rewards tor the products of their easels. And they with Diese miscreants." Furthermore, lie cannot be said to have made a per? sonal success as a painter. H was with ditllculty that his paintings sold at ail. The influence of Hogarth's work, there? fore, was slow in asserting itself. In fact, English art did nol become wholly free from its eiislavery to tradition and authority until some generations after Hogarth. Nevertheless, to-day it Is ac? knowledged by every one and lias been so acknowledged for a third of a cen? tury or more, that art in England b tgnn t<> be characteristic and original, only in Hogarth's time; and that Hogarth is the artist to whom the enfranchise, ment und the development of character? istic individuality are due. Tiie story of William Hogarth's life is soon told, lie was horn in London, November 10, 1(J'.,7. His father was a man of scholarship who had come from Westmoreland to London ami had fail? ed to prosper. He wished to be an au? thor, but hid to support himself by teaching and by correcting copy for the press. His Income, therefore, was very small, and the family were poor. The future artist early displayed the common-sense, individuality and self reliance that always distinguished him. Wir.MAM HOClATtTII AND HIS DOO-. "TRirilP '? (Painted by Hojsirili. in iu,. National Gallery.) nau no significant Influence on the de? velopment of English art as a native product. What was still more to be re? gretted, their very superiority over their competitors, who were native Englishmen, Intensified the conviction already deep-seated In the minds of the English people, that, with respect to art, It was abroad : > Italy, to the low countries and to Prance?that England had to look for inspiration and for in? struction. A so-called classical style prevail- d The subjects for paintings wer.- nearly always characters or incidents taken from Greek or Lathi poetry or history or else from the scriptures. The^Eng lish picture-purchasing public were taught to believe, and in time came to believe, that a painting, embodying scenes or persons not classical or scrip- I turn), or nt-least not treated in stielt way as to suggest a classical or scrip- j turn' inspiration, must be vulgar and thert fore unworthy of respect. I Such bad been the state of art In] England almost from the v< ry first. Smb. emphatically, it was at thp be? ginning of the cightci nth century. There were English painter? of p pular renown and some of them, indeed, of no mean worth. But the art ideals of the lime was all pedantically classic. Paint? ing was'learned by copying and by fol? lowing rule and authority. <;.ing lo nature originality or individual.:y of nny sort, was locked upon as an inno? vation not to bo tolerated. It was Hogarth who changed all this. At least it was he who by precepl and example was chiefly instrumental In setting the current of English art opin? ion In another direction. But the far reaching consequ? neos of Hi garth s In lluence was noi known to his i ont< m pornrles. They were scarcely even dreamed of by himself. His achieve? ment was too wholly personal to be? come nil a; once a recognized factor in the art influences of the time. His character had not breadth nnd depth enough to attract and InflUcn.h se wb.? might bei nine reformers nfb :? him.! Ho had no followers. I! ? worked out his art theories alone. Nor did he gain the good will of the connoisseurs <>f his day?those who bad i:.- it to ,]., with molding the standard of taste In mat? ters of ait. In fact, in- was constantly opposing then! -constantly Ing them. "As for the expound trs of tho mysteries of old pictures," he used to say, "I am proud to slato that 1 am ever at wax He saw that his father's means were narrow. He saw. too, that even if lie went on ami secured an education, he wan not likely,to make much of a liv? ing i>y it. s > ' he requested that he should be put tu some trade. By lit.*, own choice he was apprenticed to a silversmith. When he was 21 he had finished his apprenticeship and had made some little reputation for himself as a skillful engraver. Once again his practical common-sense asserted itself, lie saw Iii.it lie had sonie Instinct foi drawing and designing, and that Ilia tastes ran rather in the direction of copperplate engraving than of silver smithing. So lie took up copperplate .ngraving and wan soon in business for himself. Hogarth's employments as ;i copper? plate engraver were various, bui they all were more or less artistic. For ex? ample, lie had to engrave "shop bills," as they were called. But even these re? quired the display of inveii'.i >n. Another branch of his business was the en? graving of crests and coats of arms and hcrnldic devices of various sorts. But ns the designs for these were fre? quently supplied to him only in crude ideas, he also in "this branch of his bus? iness found scope fOr the development , f his artistic faculty. A third part of ids work was the designing and engrav? ing of book plates for booksellers and booksellers' customers?" As. these plates were generally produced for people of culture, they permitted the display of much Ingenuity and originality. No doubl it was white working In this branch of his business that Hogarth tirs: discovered in himself thai genius for original composition in art. which afterward be displayed so signally, Hogarth was not an artist trained by the schools. Neither was he a self-train? ed artist. Xoi long nf|er his appren? ticeship war over he attended classes in art held by Sir James Thornhill. it Ihnl tlmq 'he leading painter in Kugland. But though Hogarth had rcspei : for his instructor's ability as a palnti r, be dots :>ot seem to hive followed his In? structions with steal or assiduity. He held the opinion, at thai time an entire? ly novel one. that art cou!d not be learned by copying or by following formal rules! "The only way to le?rn to drew ,n thing." he used to say. "Is !>r tunJly to draw if. Copying," li? said, "even when the pictures er prints to be Imitated are by the best masters. Is little more than pouring water out of ono vessel Into another. Instead of bur denlng the memory with many rules, or tiring the eye with copying dry or damaged pictures I have ever found studying from nature the shortest and safest way of obtaining knowledge In my art." All this is well and good, but it is also to bo stated that Hogarth was not a natient student even ac? cording to his own methods. "Drawing from life," the thing he set most value on, was "too slow and tedious." One of his companions humorously taxed him with "wishing to learn to draw well, without drawing at all." Hogarth had a wonderful memory for Impressions, and it was upon tills that he relied. He made It a point to carry in bis mind the elementary parts of the Impressions produced upon him by faces, forms or Incidents, and of afterward reproduc? ing-them In composition at his pleasure. "1 lay it down as an axiom," he used to say, "that he who can by any moans acquire and retain in bis mem? ory perfect Ideas of the subjects bo means to draw will have as clear a knowledge of the figure as a man who cs?n write freely has of the twenty-six letters of the alphabet and their In? finite combinations." It Is necessary to consider tints in some retail Hogfirth's training as an artist, and his ideas In regard thereto, for hot only during his own lifetime, hut for several subsequent generations, it was the fashion to speak of Hogarth as not being an artist. Even his col? oring, which is now generally admitted to be superior to that of many artists or great name, has been described by so high an authority its Mr. Ruskln as an essential to the art value of his work: while his draughtsmanship both in llgure-drnwlng and In perspective has always ben more or less an object of criticism. Uul the truth is, Hogarth Worked better than his theory. Or, rather, it should be said thai his gen? ius for art transcended his theory. He was not Imaginative, lie was not poet? ic. Light, brilliance, color, form, the changeful aspects .if nature, the play of the human countenance, as elements of pictorial effect, bad no concern for him, apart from their Immediate rela? tion to the story that he had in hand to tell, win never ho used them. What HOCSAUTH'S HOUSE AT CHISWIC1C he represented was the truth as he saw It. This truth was rarely anything that appealed to the Imagination, but some, thing that appealed directly to the sym? pathy, the Judgment, !!>?? sense of hu? mor, the moral sentiment of the ob? server. Hogarth, therefore, was a realist. His Object was to convey moral lessons, to convince, i.iviet ami to do till this by the presentation of truth. To get at the truth he us d such devices as WCre .sonant with his Impatient and a i ilen:. but thoroughly practical spirit. He seems to have put himself in the way of sei Ing every phrase of conduct or character tii.it humanity in his time was wont to express. He was a keen observer. His memory was marvelous. Everything that he portrayed is as ac? curate in its detail as a modern photo? graph. Hut for passing phases of pas? sion, for expressions tiiat were beyond the ordinary, he did not rely wholly on his memory. Ho made incessant use of his sketch book. Even in his appren? tice days he had begun the habit of making immediate drawings of inci? dents that caught his fancy. Once, in those early days, he was In a public, house with some companions, when a quarrel occurred between his company and some other customers of the place. Some one received a blow in the face from the bottom ? n quart pot. The countenance of him who was struck was so rueful thai Hogarth whipped out his iioie I.k nnd Immediately be? gan to sketch i:. an action, we are told, thai at once stopped the quarrel. At another time, in company with an? other young artist, he strolled into a low place of entertainment. There two women happened tu bo quarreling. One of these having filled her mouth with gin. spirted It fa good shot, we are told) In the fai.f the other, three feet away! "See thai brimsl ?ne's mouth!" said llng.trth, and he made a sketch of I be action on the spot. These nntedotcs are Important. They show Hogarth's method of work. The incident of the virago spitting gin in her companion's face IcpiOlllR'cd In .No. :: 5! "The Hake'..; Progri ss." N.itc. ? This paper Will be concluded Saturday, May 20. EXAMINATIONS AND CERTIFI? CATES. AI the end of the P-rrn of seventeen weeks, n series <>f questions on each course, prepared by Professor Seymour Eaton, will be published in the Vlr glnian-Pilot, and blanks containing the questions will be furnished every sub? scriber making application fo? same. Two weeks will bo allowed nfter the courses close, for the rt.ipt of examl nntion papers containing answers. These papers will be referred to n Hoard of Examiners, who will assist Professor Eaton, and as soon as tho work of examination Is complete, the result will be reported, and certificates j isued to the students entitled to them. BtNMMtt. ?The use of? DISINFECTANTS Should not be neglected. The liability of yellow fever Infection by the frequent In K ourso with Cuba Is very great. All Ci (ispools, dram pipes, garbage, boxes and nil places where decaying matter exist, should be kept thoroughly disinfected with one of the following: Chloride Lime, Carbolale Lime, Carbolic Acid, Creoleum, All of which are very cheap. PATENT MEDICINES AT COST 1 Burrow. Ii J ft.. 296 Main Street, Norfolk, Va.