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VIRGINIAN - PILOT.
- ?BT THE? ?/IRQIN LAN AND PILOT PUBLISHING COMPANY. NORFOLK VIRGINIAN AND DAILY PILOT. (Consolidated March. 1S3S.) Entered at the rostofflce at Norfolk. (Vo., ma aecond-class matter. (OFFICE: PILOT BUILD1NQ. CITY HALL. AVENUE. norfolk. va. OFFICERS: A. H. Grandy. President; W. S. Wilk? inson, Treasurer; James E. Allen, Sec re tar y. BOARD OF DIRECTORS: A. H. C-randy. L D Starke. Jr.. T. W. Bhclton, R W. Shultice. W. S. Wilkinson, James E. Allen, D. F. Donovan. Til KRK GESTS PBB COl'Y. subscription rates: Tho VIHG1NIAN-P1LOT Is delivered to subscribers by carriers In No.folk and Vicinity, Portsmouth. Berkley. SutTolk. West Norfolk. Newport News, for 10 cents per week pay?blo to tho carrier. By mall, to any place iu the Limed Blatts, postage tree: I>All.Y, one jrnr - g.voo ?* ?Izuioitlha ... 3.00 " i in ?.? tuotitii* - - l.ao " OIIO IIIOIIlll - 1 '? ??Ml ADVEHTIS1NG HATES: Advr?se imonts Intuited at the. rale of 7i cents a Square, ilrst insertion; each subsequent Insertion 10 cents, or 00 '.er.ts. when In? serted Every Olhcr Day. font:actors are, not allowed to exeeod their space or ad? vertise ether then their legitimate bus - Hess, except by paying especially lor the ma ire. Reading Notices Invariably K cents r"r lino first insertion. Each subsequent In? sertion J5 cents. No employe of the Vlrprrnlan-I'lbit Put). Ilshin? Company is authorised to contract nny obllfi.nlon in tho name "t the com? pany, or to make purchases In I lie name of the Batnr. except upon orders signed uy the PRESIDENT OF THIS COMPANY. Jn order t-> nvolfl delays, on nrcount or personal ab-ienre letters nnd all commu? nications for Tbb VIRGIN I AN-PILOT should not be addressed to any individual connected with the ofllr.a but simply to Tho VIRGINIAN AND PILOT P,UB. LlSHING COMPANY. TWELVE PAGES TUESDAY, MAY 22, 1 S'.'fl. FAITH IS THE BEST WISDOM AND KNOWLEDGE. It Is the tendency of the positive phi? losophy of tills ngo to ascribe a natural und material origin t<> all thll gs, and to accept the theory that tho kci'ui and evolution, or development, is the ulti? mate, if not tho efficient explanation of everything that appeals to ?ur intel? ligence. How true soever that may be, In fact, it is certainly unsatisfactory. ,\Ve still Und a mystery yet uncxpl in 1 that appeals lrresistahly to our Ins ilia? ble, curiosity. What is the origin of germs? Whence came the force and direction of evolution ? Is nny: hin?; upontaneous? Is a cause absolutely neessary as a condition precedent? If so, how could there be any beginning'.' "Wherever we look we see mysteries upon mysteries, and are forced to de? duce and Infer other mysteries from these lnendless concatenation nnd in ever-increasing number;- just as . very ndvanco into fmnoe, in effect, rxp.inds tho unexplored, and every s!cO> in any direction but adds Illimitable new spaces beyond, ?with the beyond ever receding lit an accelerated speed as we attempt to approach it. Man Is paid to be a rational bclntr; nil Q?ir aliened conclusions, discoveries, beliefs and hopes are based f ti this :is eumption. Yet here lie Is for a mo? ment, a castaway on a small and prob? ably overlooked or forgotten Islet of the universe, claiming nnd demanding to Stnow and understand nil things, when lie cannot, or does not, know himself, whence he came or whither he goes! .Yes: this ephemeral insect of the hour, man, hnvlng eaten of the apple of OinotvlPdge and thrown away the core, Is devoured by an Inappeaslblc appetite, vhich he mistakes for capacity, and Vhlch is really only a symptom of an incurable indigestion Inherited from Eve and the devil! Perhaps, too, it has ?levclopcd a mental tape-worm, in the likeness of the old serpent that whis? pered at the ear of our flrst mother. Instead of gratifying our diseased yearning, or seeking to de ;.>, It would 1)0 mure rational and dch m i | to ap? ply ourselves to the discovery of a remedy for our malady, the original sin of desiring to know the unknowable nnd to'betray the secret whereby chaos Js reduced to order and light has con? quered darkness. Why, in a greater matter, fo'.! iw the rxample of Blue-Board's wives? Why endeavor to reach and Invade tho jn iscrulabli? heavens? Does the fate of the Tower of Babel nnd Its builders teach us nothing? Most of us have quit looking for the philosopher's stone. to transmute nil other metals Into ?. nnd but few of us are trying to .? i mi elixir of life that shall abolish .: th; Although both of these enterprises have (been revived in Chicago, where unrea? son always fin 1 a hospitable home, If riot an asylum. Bui all of us, every vhere are working on, or contrlbul itg to, another Tower of Babel. This on Is of gold, nnd must succeed, say the (prophets of BaaJ and Mammon. Even the gods from high Olympus will mi el us half way and bow to our goldi find T^'lsdom herself lias no door that ?willjftt^ylcld to the golden key. The onlyV~rrrculty is an accidental er signed' confusion of sign-Ii , maps, routes and surveys, which nre so mixed up that there is already n dispute as to wTiether the Tower is or dod on holy frround, or on tho ash-heaps, cihder piles and slag dumps of Sheol. , AJas, Rot> $3xo boom, yvhw foundations axa not on the solid rock and whose title deeds miss tho true metes and bounds of right! I Here Is a case where ignorance is bet? ter than knowledge; and "Where Ignorance is bliss, 'Tis felly to bo wise." It 1s a matter of faith and morals; not of science and testimony; nor of In? vestigation and report. God speaks, not only by Ills words or revelation, ?but by His acts, His works. His spirit, nnd our s "Is, our consciences and oitr very bi inrr hear, heed and believe.?not the teachings of the theologians, not the wire-drawn and hair-splitting dogmas of creed/, nor the rapt visions of saints and myrtles,?but the spirit of Cod In? forming our devout and faithful souls. Who dares raise a doubt, or a question of knowledge or veracity? The divine truth must bo accepted, believed and observed, to the best of our nature, faith and ability; for there Is no room for argument or dispute where Omni? potence and dmnlsceni e Bpeak together In one voice, not that of Jacob, nor of Esau, but that unmistakable voice which even tho devils hear, believe and tremble. There Is no superstition, nor fear, | nor error, nor Ignorance, nor stupidity, jnor humiliation, nor slavery, nor abject 1 subservience In this proud and volun- 1 tary subjection to tho Supreme Being. It Is our small and reasonable service for the past nnd present blessings and privileges of lire and for our future sal? vation and immortality. We know Him to Hie extent of our capacity; we hear and obey; with love and pride; we trust, without doubt: we follow .with? out fear; and wo know that neither reason nor science, nor hate and dis? belief, c.in find spot, blemish, or error In Him In whom we are. Happy and blest is the man who tints surrenders to Him, and thus secures the true liber? ty and Independence. THE SECRET OF SUCCESS. "Attend to your own duty," is said to bo the mandate <>f right and common sense and the rule of bucccss. The Important Inquiry remains still unan? swered: "WluLt Is my duty."' That lias many answer:: suggested, though none is agreed on. Tho most reasona? ble one, of any general application, is: ".Mind your business." What that Is may bo set down thus: "Your business is whatever your bands find to do, and this you must do with all your might*" This, however, has its exceptions and limitations; but, on the whole, it is the best reply yet found for tho anxious inquiry. The difficulty with flu's is that so many will not believe it, or doubt it, or cannot or will not see what it is that is ready for their hands. The thing to do seems so Insignificant?and Insufficient; or degrading; or pays so little; or apparently carries us away from our desires and hopes. Never? theless, there it Is; take it, or leave It: "Whatever your hands find to do." Sometimes the task appears too great tor us. We are appalled at Its dlfllcul Ues; ycl these usually fly, or disappear, more or less, on a resolute attack. Vet this is not known to us beforehand; and if anybody tells us this truth, we do not believe It, while experience it s if may often exaggerate doubts and dangers In the way, to test us. Still, the secret of duty nnd success Is to do with ?l.llgeneo whatever your hands find t.. do. Do that; wait for nothing; and all tilings will come to you. 'STOP THIEF!" A "Cl. A. Ti." encampment In the State of New York has passed tho fol? lowing resolution: "Whereas, during this contest certain citizens in their capacity and through organisations nnd public meetings have been /living aid nnd comfort to th? em my, sicking to secure a Prolonga? tion of wan and bloodshed, crentlng dis? content and doubt among s ddlcrs and sailors in active service, discouraging enlistments and?involvlng c< nsur ? upon tin- government for its policy; there? fore, be it "ftesolvod, Thai this encampment de? nounces those who thus act as guilty ->f treason, not entitled to the protec 1 m ? the ling they dishonor, and un? worthy the names of American citi? zens." The encampment forgot that this is or ought to bo, of right, In law and in fact, a free country, with a free citi? zen:.,-, possessing, among other rights, the right of opinion and free speech. The ri dutlon would be treason if ? lie animus without the act could be crime under our Federal Constitution. That dbi liment, however, expressly says: "Tr ason against the United States shall consist only in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving thnni aid and comfort ?\'-> pi in shall be convicted or treason unless on the. testimony of two wit? nesses to tho samo OVF.KT ACT, or tni con! sslon in open court'." TREASON, then, in this country, as the constitution provldts, must be by "a< :.'' and by an "overt" net,?an open act. But tho ''citizens" referred t<> by tho r< ilulion are not subjects of a mon rehy, or oligarchy, or nrlstoeracy, I but < :' a free Republic, whose citizens mal 0 the government ami control it, vvl governing themselves,?of which popular self-government the essential princ iple is. free opinion nnd fret; o.\ prcssion thereof- The abuse and threat > nlng tone of the "<.;. A. R" encamp in ? : challenge th- :c fundamental rights ji.nd denounce them ns "treason," as H e i-ihrsuetl thief is loudest in crying "Stop thief!", and tho resolu? tion actually ^ittcmpls to outlaw them for exercising their Inalienable privi? lege. "Freedom of speech nnd of the press" are the first rights proclaimed as sai red by the Folierai Hill of Rights, as the tirst ten amendments of the constitution of the United States are called. This administration, as such, Is a I Hanno, or Republican party adminlstra [ tlon; but as a government, It belongs to tho people, without regard to party, and all its olllcials nre nubile servants, not masters of anybody, nnd the "G. A. K." resolution is therefore utterly Indefensible, full of treasonable virus, jand could only be properly allowablo, I ii! anywhere, in a despotic government where- the ollleers are masters of all the people. In the meantime, the "G. A. It." encampment of New York, to the contrary notwithstanding, tho citizens ' of these States are the custodians of all j public power, with the unlimited right to speak, write and publish their sen-, tIntents on till subjects," whereas gov? ernments nnd ollleers "are trustees and servnnts of tho people, and amenable j to them at till times." If tills treasonable resolution were only a sporadic case of the despotic temper spreading wherever this Hannn Imperialism puts its ruthless foot, we might let it go with a laugh at its impotent fury, and contempt at its folly; but, alas, it is not impotont, and its folly is mostly knavery; and we shall be under that ruthless foot, at the mercy of Its fiiry, folly and knav? ery, if the citizens of this Republic do not rise to dafend her and their lib? erties. When the N. Y. Sun calls Mayor Van Wyck, of New York, "a ridiculous per? son," because he exhibited a little na? tural heat under the insolence and im? pertinence of the Mazct committee, it should coolly consider what sort of a journal Is that which with equal con? fidence and solelnnlty, and ex-cathedra, disposes of all the great questions raised by Dr. Briggs with relation to scripture, religion, &c, and those raised by a correspondent as to the right manual of the dinner-napkin. Perhaps more interest and zeal were exhibited by the journal In question as to the napkln-etlquct than as to tin: limita? tions of Biblical exegesis and those or orthodox criticism. Ridiculous in its airs on both Dr. Briggs and the napkin, ! it is diillcult to say In which it shines most: as spiritual Inquisitor! or as j napkin-expert. The prosperity of the country is too (irmly established to be rattle"d by tho I Hurries in the Stock market or the ? ravings of the Populist orators.?Wash ! Ington Post. j But as this alleged prosperity is all I based on the rattle of the etock-mar I ket, ami related gambling amusements, I it Is indiscreet in our contemporary to I speak ill of that market. The people are really suspecting that sort of pros? perity which glvfs then only buzzard, all the time, and reserves turkey for the few and fastidious who laugli and! grow fat on $10 a plate dinners. It la a prosperity which has an obverse and a reverse?the reverse only coining to the people and the general welfare. Carl Browne has recognized the re turn of prosperity to the extent of flopping his calamity talk.?Washing? ton Post. The calamity is not to be estimated by the amount of talk, but by the amount of money lost by the demone? tization of silver metal, and the denial of per coinage of silver to the people from the passage of the act of 1S73 to this moment?a loss from both sources continually accumulating; and one not at all diminished by the fact that we .still live and flourish, and would do so to some extent if all our money -were suddenly destroyed at a stroke. Wade Hampton was once wealthy and graced his wealth by a Princely generosity, wholly without ostentation. Now lie is poor, and recently a fire de stroyed the home and refuge of bis honorable old age. The people offered to provide him with another home; but the noble gentleman declined to accept the ejrt, paying he was abundantly compensated for Iiis losses nnd re? warded for his serviies to the people by the plaudit of: "Well done!" Such a man ennobles nny condition, and ri.-es superior to any fortune. He relieved riches of odium, nnd now he elevates poverty to dignity. "Life Is a lottery." says-somebody. It Is only the somebodies, you will note, who have the privilege of making these ropy-hook aphorisms. How true in this one: "Ute Is a lottery." Yes: one in which all ihe prize-tickets are distrib? uted before the people are admitted to Invent In the tickets that pay nil the prises, expenses and profits to the stock-holders. That is a lottery that !,?? a sure thing before-hand, both to wln I nera and losers, it is blind luck, led by a trained dog. Dowey's determination with reit.ird io the presidency is not such a momentous thing after all, lie is a Republican, and would have to look largely to thi Republicans for his election. If he were an ordinary fellow who could be h?h. orcd by a gift from them his refusal to accept a n n ilnatton at their hands would be worth talking about. Agulnaldo'a pro Inmattons alt have the "To be ititinucd In our next" flavor.-?Wash ton Post. Which augurs ill for speedy peace and subjugni inn. Aguinaldc .... ma to use a great many Capitals, at 1 with little regard to thell position, f.? that they do not bring him to a full : top. The honey of Minister Choate's wit nnd humor, though strained, sometimes has a ghat in It, if not a enrmel, hump and nil. _ Dewey declines to he dined. Capt. Coghlan's experience suffices for all the Manila naval heroes._ The Chicago River- is to be sold and carted away to a brick-kiln. ^LVlivGlNIflN-FlLOT'S:_^ HOME STUDY CIRCLE (Copyrighted, 1S99.) DIRECTED UV PROF. SEYMOUR EATON. SUBJECTS OF STUDY IN THE ORDER IN WHICH THEY WILL BE PUBLISHED. EVERY SUNDAY? History?Popular Hludttg in European History. % EVERY TUESDAY? Geography?Tho World's Great Commercial Products. EVERY WEDNESDAY? - Governments of the World of To-day. EVERY THURSDAY AND FRIDAY? Literature?Popular Studies :n Literature EVERT SATURDAY? A'rt?The World's Great Artists. Iben? eonrani will eoullimo nmtl JimeSOlb. Exninlnnllon* ronitneted by mull, will be belli tit ibclr close it* a bnhln lor llio gruullng of CerllUc?los. THE WORLD'S GREAT COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS. VII.-COFFEE. Tlie world's total annual production of coffee, available to international commerce, foots uo lo'vcry neatly t'he enormous amount of 1,500,000,004 pounds. The sources of this production are approximately as follows: Lbs. Brazil .I..>.0t)0,000 Other America. 275,0 10,0! 0 Bast Indies, Africa, etc 225,000,0 I Total .1,500,000,000 It is thus seen that of this produc? tion Brazil is the contributor of two thirds, while America as n whole (North and South) Is a contributor of over five-sixths. v.-t coffee (the cultivated sort) Is nbl Indigenous to America, and what i s more remarkable, the total ' coffee growth of the continent is the offspr ng of ti Blngle imported tree or shrub. Tim history is iniewsStTTTg. Down to nearly the end o'f the seventeenth cen? tury the only soprce of coffee supply in the world was Arabia, in the year lti?O Gov.-Gen. Van iloorne >r the Dutch Bast Indies obtained from some traders a few coffee seeds Hint had come from Arabia. These he planted In Iiis garden in Batavla, m .lava. Very soon tlie cultIvntion of coffee became general throughout Java; and from Java it soon spreud to other Dutch possessions In the cast, especially Cey? lon. One of the lirst plants produced in Java was sent by Van Iloorne lo Holland ns a Present 10 tho governor of the Dutch East India company. This was planted In the botnnic garden at Amsterdam. Shortly afterward young plants obtained from seeds borne by Van Hoorue's plant were sent tu Suri? nam (Guiana), a Dutch possession in South America in His the cultivation of coffee was well established in Suri? nam- Shortly att. rward coffee plants from Surinam were Introduced Into the West Indies. From the West In? dies tlie culture extended to Central America, Mexico. Venezuela and north? ern Brazil ami other countries on tlie continent. Finally, about tlie middle of tlie last century, it was Introduced into that portion of Brazil?the dlstrti ts about Rio and Santos?where It lias since been prosecuted so ndvantng e u sly. Thus from a single plant sent lo Hei? land from Java has developed the cul? ture that now provides live-sixths of tlie coffee of the world. There must be, J on the American continent and In the 'Vest Itidws. at least I ..'.iil.eii'i.Oil') c .If ' ? trees descended from that one plant. And from the few bc< Is obtained by fjov. Van Iloorne in ie..n h.;,i d-velop d practically the whole of the coffee * ul ture of the world outside of Arabia and Africa. Although the botanical name of the coffee tree of cultivation is "coffca arabica," Arabia is not the Indlgenotits home of coffee. Tlie primeval habitat of tlie coffee tree is supposed to have been Abyssinia, in which country it is still found wild. Coffee is also sup posed to have been used from a m st remote period as ;? beverage in Aby< - sinia. Rut Abyssinia Is near Arabia. iTrrd e irfj m I ii??-h^-.; ?? ?? y ????-r... was introduced Into Arabia, where since it.-? Iir?st Introduction it has been grown with a perfection that elscwln i'c seems unattainable. In Arabia, too, the prepar.ition of coffee as ;' beverage, it Is said, exceeds in perfection its pre? paration in all other eountrl The use of coffee in other countries than Arabia developed somewhat slow? ly. In western Eliroi ? ti. ? Duti a the first people to become fond of it. This, no doubt, was because of the fact that as we have seen coffee w as early cultivated in the Dutch colonies of Hi" c.The Dutch early became, and have ever since remained, the greatest coffee drinkers in tho wo Id. In eastern Europe, even before it was known In the west, n Uno wie]!!;,, of tlie use of coffee was obtained from tlie \rablans by the Turks. It whs in this way that it got-into England. In tli" middle of the seventeenth cen? tury a Turkey merchant of London named Edwards brought some coff home with hjm and introduced it to his friends. The flrsl coffee house In Lon? don was opened in 1C52 by a servant of Ed wards. Though at first the London coffee nouses met with much opposition from the government, by the end of the cen? tury they became the most popular places ,>r entertainment that Londoners frequented. By the beginning of the eighteenth century the use of coffee ns a beverage was pretty general through? out Europe, in this respect in point of time cuff.'e preceded tea. Tea was a novelty in England long after the < im mo'n use *.f coffee was well cstabl ' i. But by tlie beginning of the eighteenth century tea, as well as coffee, wiis a considerable article of import. This was so not only in England but in Eu? rope generally. , With respect to the use of these two beverages, coffee and tea. it Is worthy of note what habits seem to lie nation !. The English are tea drinkers rather than coffee drinkers. So. too. In the up? per classes, are tho Russians even more emphatically thnn the English. Else? where in Europe the nations ore coffee drinkers. Especially Is this BO v i:h re? spect to-Holland, D? nmni'k, Belgium. Switzerland. Germany ami France. The great colonies Of <".:.:;t Britain, Aus? tralia and Canada, on tlie oilier hand, .are tea-drinking nations. Rut the United States is .a coffee drinking na? tion, in respect to t dal consumotlon by far the greatest in the world- But in regard to tea drinking the United States hold% a very unimportant post 1 tlon Indeed. ! A" few figures will emphasize these | I statements: ANNUAL, CONSUMPTION OF COP PEE PEtt UNIT OF POPULiA TION. Lbs. Holland .23*12 Denmark . ? 1? United State:;.11.45 Belgium.It'CO Switzerland.'i.M Germany . France . Austria-Hungary .-?"<> Italy . 1.0* t i Britain.c? Spain . Russin.1? On tHo other hand. Great Britain consumes, rar unit of population, r.a'O P ai ids of lea annually: Australia, the < nine . m ?nt, nnd < Canada, 4.37 pounds; I while the annual consumption <>:' tea in t'mr l'n,t..-d Siatt-s, per unit of populo tion (taking the Impontatlon ror the j year IS9S as a basis), is only .01 pounds. Theoretically speaking, coffee can he grown over a large portion of the earth's surface, for its main requisites ' are warmth, moisture and a soil rich in v gctnblo matter, requisites that are ? htalnablo throughout the torrid /.one generally ami even beyond it. But in actual practice, because of conditions necessary to commercial success, the '? cultivation of coffee is confined t.> very small areas. In Arabia, for example, I it Is only the province of Yemen where coiYce is grown. But in Yemen the con I ditiollS are lilmOSt ideal. The coffee ' plantations are situated on slopes that li n t.> same elevation above the sea j and are at some distance from it. I?ur ! lug the daytime thick mists ascend '; from the low regions, which, sprending lover the plantations In the uplands, protect them from the fierce heat of the sun. As the heal diminishes the i mists disappear, and at night, when otherwise lite coffee shrubs would suf? fer from coolness, warm airs ascend from tiie coast regions and pass over j the plantations. In this way the plan? tations nrnv maintained at an equal I temperature throughout the twenty four hours of the day. It thus happens I that the coffee of Yemen (or Mocha coffee, us It/'ls called) is the linen in the world. Elsewhere where coffee is grown arti? ficial means have generally to be re? sorted to to obtain ah equable tempe? rature throughout the day. The most usual plan is to cultivate the coffee Bhnibs or trees under the sliado of i taller trees that are better lilted to withstand heat than the coffee tree Is, as. i jr example, bananas or co :oa trees, which is the practice in Brazil. <Ni te ?Though naturally coffee would grow into trees from 2.1 to 35 feet in height, in in act h e it Is never allowed to grow into nmre than slirubs from ?! to S feet in height- This is in order that its fruit, a sort of berry, in size nnd np pcurnncG .- uni thlftg like a cherry, may be easily gathered.) As a rule coffee plantations are on hillsides, at consid? erable distance above the level of the sea. On lower levels the heat would lie too intense. Hut ihe cultivation of coffee, oven wh-.n natural Conditions are favorable, requires great care and skill. So, too, do the proci ssi s of extracting the seeds, "I' "'?>? Ml:-." Hfl He ?? are .alb- Si from tie- I'm;:, .-.ed preparing these for mar? ket. Inasmuch as coffee is generally produced in countries where labor Is untrained, unintelligent and indifferent, there are.many difficulties to contend with. In Brazil the practice is to use machinery as much as possible, liul there ere many parts of the process of cultivation nnd preparation where ma? chinery is impossible, nnd it is in these very pans that the quality of the pro? duct is most likely to be deteriorated. This is one reason why so much of the coffee of commerce la of inferior quality. The coffee of Yemen ("Mocha") is es? teem ?' the hen in the world, hut little "Mocha" coffee gets out of Arabia, or at least beyond Turkey and Armenia. Ceylon once had an excellent reputa I tion for its coffee, but so many natural obstacle's arose t? impede coffee culti? vation In (.'??ylon that Ceylonese coffee plantations have been largely convcrt i e.i ir.i i tea plantations, in Java, which also has long beeil noted for i:s colTeb, there are difficulties of nuother sort, the want of Intelligence ami the thrift-' lessnc-SS Of the laboring people being I the chief. In India, although the cul? tivation of c .ffee has greatly extended in recent years', it is only In a very small portion of the country?namely, on the eastern slopes of the western Ghauts in the- extreme south of the peninsula?that the cultivation has been found iu be successful. In Brazil, enormous as* the production Is. tin ??districts where coffee is grown are op small compared with the totnl i area of the country thai they might I he removed from the map nnd yet I scarcely hi missed. Yet, notwith? standing the fact thai th* cultivation l is wholly confined to these small fn I vorable districts, and notwithstanding I the fact thai rill possible use Is made of machinery instead of unintelligent hand labor, and that every other poti. sible means is taken to obtain a pro? duct of the best quality, the reputa t tin which Brazilian coffee holds in the markets of the world is that its quality Is Inferior to all others. ? it Is ilms seen how greatly both nat? ural situation and the duality of the labor applied affect (he quality of the coffee product all the world over. It is but fair to state, however, with re? gard to Brazilian coffee, t'.i.i: the pi t J ti'iu i s of the world against it, once so hurtful to its popularity, have in re? cent years been greatly diminished. Speaking generally, no American cof? fees rank with Asiatic coffees, although I the best coffees of Central America al? ways bring good prices. 'But among those accustomed to use real Motfia coffee the coffee of India is considered In no way superior to the beat Ameri? can coffees, especially those of Central America. In tho'oplnlon of tho Arabians themselves, the best coffee in the world, after that of Arabia, comes from Abyssinia Note?Returns, now complete, show that the world's coffee -production for lS'.tS amounted to over 2,000,000,000 pounds. This Is 25 per cent more than the production for 1S97. and more than HO per cent. In excess of the production for 1S9G. Tho proportion of this amount contributed by Brasil was over 70 per cent. In consequence of this great ln cre.tFe of production the price of "good average" coffee in the world's markets for 1898 was not more than two-thirds what It was in 1897 and not more than four-ninths what it was In 15)90. Note?This paper will be Concluded Tuesday, May 9. EXAMINATIONS AND CERTIFI. CATES. At the end of the term of seventeen weeks, a scries of questions on each course, preparod by Professor Seymour Eaton, will bo published in the Vir? ginian-Pilot, and blanks containing the questions will be furnished every sub? scriber making application fo- same. Two weeks will be allowed after ths courses close, tor tlie receipt of examl natlon papers containing answers. These papers will be refcrrod to a Bi ai d of Examiners, who will assist Professor Eaton, and as soon ns the work of examination is complete, the result will bo reported, and certificates Issued to the students entitled to them. FrenouncB? incuradie By His Piiislcian. Cured by Dr. Firey's Treatment. "When 1 returned from Ft. Thomas last spring 1 found that the typhoid fever had Ii ft mo with A It A n STOMACH ?TROUBLE. Upon consulting a physician ] was told that I ll.\!) CATARRH OF THE STOMACH UADLY AND WAS PRONOUNCED INCURABLE. 1 then went lo Dr. Fircy and placed myself und? r his treatment and after a few months I WAS CURED AND AM NOW KNJOY1NO coon HEALTH, and I lake pi asurc In recommending anyone troubled with Catarrh lo nr. Flrey. IT WAS A frit EAT EFFORT FOR ME TO LIE IN BED AT NIGHT. FOR IT SEEMED AS THOUGH I COUI?D NOT GIST MY [I [EAT1-I and my leaves were In such a state I would tump at the least sound. SINCE 1 HAVE TAKJ3N TREATMENT WITH DR. FIltEY I AM A piFFER BNT MAN AND FEEL AS THOUGH I HAD A NEW IjEASE ON LIFE I advlso anyone sufferlns with nervous troubles or Stoma b trouble lo go and take treatment with Dr. Flrey. 1 am willing to talk with an; one who Is suffering with any trouble lilt'r min-. I CANNOT STATE MY FEEL INGS TOWARDS DR. FIRKT BETTER THAN TO WISH THAT MANY WHO SUFFER AS I DID MAY CO TO HIM AND THAT HE -MAY CURB THEM AS HE DID ME." (HAS. O. PEN DLETON, No. 103 Duncan Avenue, Ghent. Norfolk, ^Va, l-Iaa offices 1 .i'i1 2 No. 314 Main street. Norfolk, Va. Specialties: Catarrh and all (IlKCflses of live. Ear, Nose, Throat, Cheat an i Stomach. Hoars, ti a. m. to 12:30 p, m.: 2 p. m. to ?'.:::?) p. m Sunday Hours, 10:30 a. nj. to !?-? ::?? p. in. Tuesday night and Thursday night, 7:30 p. m. to s p. m. i si ill illoti always free. Medicines fund died. Terms always moderate. Eyes examined lor glasses free of charge. LAND PLASTER! Wo have ju?l received a fresh cargo of ll selehratcd RED BEACH LAND PLASTER, recognised as the best in tho n rid, No better fertiliser known for use of - PEANUT GROWERS. Only a limited amount of tho plaster can be secured. Place your orders early before the slock is exhausted. Pocahontas Steam Coal A SPECIALTY. Dry Pine and Oak Wood OF TIIF. BEST QUALITY. ALL SIXES ANTHRACITE COAL. PROMPT DELIVERY, F"PLL WEIGHT AND MEASURB. No. 156 MAIN STREET, Norfolk. Va. RATORSS I have the CHALLENGE REFRIGER? ATORS and it has the right name, as It will challenge any good hardwood refrig? erator on the market. If In need, call and examine stock and pet prices. All sea? sonable goods at low prices. . . P. J. MALBON, Both Phon? No. 401. SCREENS T We carry in stock a full lino of ready rhado Window and Door Screens, and make to order the belter grades. Es? tlmotcs for screening residences cheerful COOKE, CLARK & CO.. SASH DOORS AND BLINDS, Norfolk, Va.