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VIRGINIAN - PILOT.
?BY TUB? eVIRGINLAN AND PILOT PUBLISHING COMPANY. i orfglk virginim and daily pilot. (Consolidated March, 1S93.) Entered at the Postornco at Norfolk, .Va.. a:, second-class matter. OFFICE: pilot blildino. CITY. hall. AVENUE. norfolk. va. OFFICERS: A. H. Grandy. President; W. 8. Wilk? inson, Treasurer; Janus E. Allen, bec lutury. BOARD OF DIRECTORS: A. 11. Grandy. L D. Stallte Jr.. T W. Ehcltou. It. W. Bhultlce. W. fc>. Wilkinson. James E. Allen, D. F. Donovan. 1 It ULI. ?IS? tS 1*ISR COt'Y. subscription rates: The VIRGINIAN-PILOT Is delivered to subscribers Ii* carriers In No/folk ana vicinity, Pcrlsmouth, Berkley. 8?J?? ?? West Norfolk, Newport N? w?. f''r, lu ci nis per week payable to the earner. Ity mall, io any place lu ths L?nen Elates, postage free: DAILY, vii? jrcur - ??.00 " 1.1 1 llllllHlll ? 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StA V SO, ISM. CONVICTS Or FOPULAR OPINION. The esteemed Washington Post Is1 Bane enough when it goes, to sea; but It is raving crnsy on land, at eve point of the coiiipn?.-?. \Vq incline ngree with those Mho declare that putrid canned meats, embalmed beef, arid association with the purveyors! pf| Buch supplies have a v< ry deleterious rf."> ct up :i the morals and Intellects! and, at any rate, the conspicuous Jus? tice the Post docs to Admiral Schley Is in so marked a contrast with that paper's vituperation lipon General Miles and others of tile army, that it is ii:tf\ cult to believe Hint ;t is not nubject to temporary mad fits In connection with military matters. A Btrcnm or foul nhuse pours from the Post oil all who have riurcd to criticise Algcr's neglect mid Incomyeteney as n Secretary of War; but tho Post even becotu ? ferocious against the Navy Depart? ment and the whole Federal adminis? tration, if they seem lo hesitate in giv? ing the highest honors lo the hero of Santiago. Saya the Post: "We are a little weary of the Scliley Sajnpson controversy nnd ?I" not Intend to enter upon any furtii r discussion in this connection. To our mind, tli Whole thing baa l.u nauseous and Bhnmcful, There has been a deliberate and concerted effort t,i degrade and ruin Schley; nnd, to this end, every snob und toady lu ihi service ha? been en? listed. Put -Tlb-Sti ry . t the Captalh3,' published in the hist Issue of th.- Cen tiiyy Magazine, pr .v. s cnnclti lively ihnt such hoiiorublo gentlemen and oflKfcrs as Evans, Tayli r, u. ?ml others cunndTTTe included in s.i shabby a con? spiracy. They told Ihc truth'as they saw It. ami what they allege can be accepted without hesitation by decent men. The dlagrama of the naval I >ard tell the story, i The statements bl 11 Captains confirm P. There Is noth rig to discuss'. "Hut the New York Sun of Wednes? day bun another editorial artl ic, In? spired by th-- old familiar rancor'nnd Couched in llio oid familiar v. In of brutal misrepresentation, and concern? ing this we want to say Jus??: one word In lb!* article the Sun reproduces nil alleged colloquy between Admiral Schley and the navigator of the Brook? lyn, Schlcy's ilhgHhlp, as follows: f*Schley -Hard nyorti! "Hodgson - i'oti mean starboard; "Schley?No I don't. We are near enough to them (the Spaniards) al? ready. "Hodgson?But we will cut down the Texas. ''Sehley?Damm the Texas! Let her look mi; for herself. "This Is ii lie out of winde cloth. ? ? Tlie whole story Is n canard a vile Blander utilized by tho Sampson organ to injure nnd ylllify Admiral s ihley. "Nothing, howovcr, < :ui obscure one supreme and overshadowing fact. The ?American people have nol yei been dragooned Into Accepting Sampson us a hero ami repudiating Pi bley as a derelict. These courtiers and under? strappers of the department may not know it. but public opinion In this country means n very great deal, and they are lt? beneficiaries or its con? victs, as the i ase may be." Public opinion is decidedly in accord with our contemporary In all this, and nothing can bo more rational than the winde course of the Post in Its treat? ment of tho battle of Santiago; arid till engaged in it, or In its discussion. Yet how Is It that our esteemed Washington contemporary is ready to BliOW its teeth ul the whole Navy and the government in behalf of the recog? nized popular hero of the Santiago sea IlL'ht. nnd then can rush furiously to malign our Cuban military heroes, to slander officers, men. d ictors, surgeons, chaplains, correspondents, and to vllllfy tile most iuipurtial investigators and observers who have had the Indepen? dence to tell the truth and shame Alger, Engan and tho devil? In"?a lucid Interval, the Post can see that the popular Judgnu nt is a con? clusive factor as between Schley and Sampson; but it is blind to the popular verdict against Alger and Co., und pays no heed to the acclaim that greets General Miles in his bravo champion? ship of Hie army and the private sol? dier. What the Post says of the "cour? tiers and understrappers of the Navy Department" may fitly be applied to It? self: It "may not know it, but public opinion In this country means a very great deal, and It Is its beneficiary or its convict, us the case may be;" and in this case it Is ";he convict/' with Alger, Kugan and this administration, in this foul anil noisome beef busi? ness A GROSS MISREPRESENTATION. In the first column of" the editorial page of the Baltimore San, dated Thurs? day, May 25, lSi'D, In tin article on "The Enormous Production of Cold," appears tho following: "it is clear, however, that the Anglo Saxon countries are producing the bulk of the world s supply OP THE METAL TO WHICH Mit LIHVAN OBJECTS." The capitals ours -"thometal to which Mr. Bryan objects." in matters of fact and b tu teuton t, however erroneous In opinion, judgment and argument, th< Baltimore Sun usually speaks by the ? ?aid, or at least with bume warrant, or authority; but here it departs from Its general accuracy, without proof, I without probability, and in the very teeth of all the tacts. Why? Because it is so judicially blinded, prejudiced and possessed by the money-devil that it abandons all its guides, safeguards and precautions, all checks, limits and anchors, unfurls every sad and scuds before the wind. Mr. Bryan and the Democratic party are not contraction Ists; they have never urged that there is either too much money or enough of .t, but, on tho contrary, have contend? ed that It is too scarce; nor have rliey ? vcr opposed cither silier or gold, bu. have insisted that both are not too much for our currency, never have beet, and never will bo, in ail human proba? bility. How dato the Sun then say that Mi. Bryan objects to gold? Jt' it has an> testimony to that effect, we insist thai it shall give it to the world; but we also insist that if it has no such testi? mony, it shall take back its unfounded assertion and apologize lor it. The Sun, however, renounces all moral ob? ligation in connection with its financial doctrines; so it can impose on the care- j less, thoughtless and Ignorant, that is, enough, and bcUcr than the truth, j though it be so false that the devil even blushes to hear it repealed. .No! Mr. Bryan does not object to gold, nor to silver, nor to any possible quantity of both. The more the better and the merrier, is Mr. Bryan's view, j though it has been studiously kept in mind by his enemies to create the Im? pression that lie is for silver solely and exclusively, and opposed to gold. Vet very rarely has any mcno-mctalllst goldlle ever dared to say openly and squarely, as the Sun docs, that Mr. Bryan objects to fold- n is daily un? true. IK- opposed silier demonetization no more- Strongly than he would have opposed gold demonetization, had the contractionlst selected that instead of silver to strike from ami diminish the money and currency of mankind. More money from any and every tit source, : its Brynnism. HOGS CAN'T BLUSH. We s;ee and hear tin Filipinos some ; lines called "niggers," or negroes; but .y are not that In race or color. The following are extra-is from a lending editorial of the Baltimore Sun: "A duly 'censored' and. it is to he i an-f o. therefore, otlh sally approved. 1 : ipatch from Manila states that when . resident Schiirmnn Informed the Flll : plno pence envoys of tho terms offered by President McKlnl y the latter could not conceal their chagrin and disap? pointment. General Gregorlo del Pilar, it is said, 'turned r ' under his brown skin when he renlhied tl at he wi belay offered nothing but vague promises <>t possible representation for his people. :ii case of compliance with the Ai.-.-r: | an demand that the> lay down tln-ir arms.' For whom did tho Filipino gen? eral's cheeks redden with shame? It could hardly have been for his own peo? ple, who have furnished the world with a remarkable spectai lu of courage, solf devotion nod patriotism seldom, if ever, equaled Iii the world's history." * * " "Only a few days ago there appeared hi the- Independence IJ Ige, - tie ,,r the best-known and most widely circulated journals of Europe, ; n Interview with the celebrated Prof. Itudolph Vlrchow, of Berlin, the lend* r of German liberal? ism, upon the subject of the peace oon :" renee at The Hnijuo, In which he sold, in speaking of this country: 'Nations are led nstray by ;i deceptive Idea of -lory ni l honor. Tin United States have lately offered a pu able example of this. A civilized land hat b en plunged I Into war by the criminal nj I tat Ion of brainless tlomagogues and the incapa? city of rulers. The Halted States has Sinned ngalnst humanity and clvlllza I tlon. Let us hope uiat the Americana ?. 0 at las) recovi ; from tin Ir bout of Intoxication and will redeem the I errors of their country."' "????> "l: there be any r urn for doubt in Ihe mind of any li nt man ns to who had moat ?ccnsi n to blush when President McKinley .-, terms were pre? sented to the Pili:.. . .. j is only nec? essary to compare th e terms with the principles of the R ration of Inde? pendence." ? * * ?V? * ? ? "Is it surprising Lhnt the Filipinos, wluther with knowled ..> of our Decla? ration of Independence or not, declined these generous terms and preferred the alternative s-ttll lefl open to them of dying for their country? is it sur? prising that the'y blushed for the Americans -If the latti r did net have the gr?.ce to blush f ?r themselves?who offered terms so un-American, so con? trary to every principle of our constl tutlon and to every tradition of our government and people?" These Filipinos blush! Neither the moral nor racial "nigger" or negro blushes: he Is simply Incapable of It: he Is too black; ?and tho moral nigger, though his outer cuticle be as white as enow, Is blacker than any African at heart This administration at Washington Is a stench and a shame?"a pitiable ex? ample" of how a great people may be humiliated la the eyes of the world by "brainless demagogues and Incapable rulers." THE WEATHER, CROPS &C, There was frost In central Virginia on the night of May 24th, and also, In sonic- places, on the night of May 23d and that of May 25th.-This cool weather has prevailed now steadily for several weeks; and although our mid-days tire becoming quite warm, mornings and evenings are the pleasanter for a little tire. Not only Is the weather cool; It ;s also dry; and both the coolness and aridity, so leng continued, are unsea? sonable and injurious to most crops at this stage,?althoiiKh it is said that a ? moI May is beneficial to wheat. The wheat, however, failed in Virginia this past winter to make as good a stand as usual, and it is seriously damaged by i If joint-worm and other nfllictlons in some sections. Notwithstanding the defenders of the mole, that busy little under-ground worker has so multiplied of late in this State as to be a great pest in Held and Karden.?even playing havoc with some llower-gardens. They under-burrow plants and roots, and no Utile trouble in replanting corn, &c.> has been required where a regular campaign has not been waged against them, in no few localities they have been killed by the hundred; but sllll they swarm. In the interior, the weather has been too dry and cool for anglers, and they are joining devoutly with the farmers 11 prayer for warmer weather and more rain?pr. fcrubly (if it be not im? proper to suggest it), in nightly show? ers, light and warm. In the early j spring many fine bass, chub, jack, &c, i j ivere taken by hook at the ponds and, streams; but the bass and chub will now avoid the hook until September. ! when the sr>ort will be all the better for the partial failure so far. A PRESIDENT IN REVOLT. Where is there any constitutional au | thorlty for the President of the United States, or the Postmaster-General, to deny or revoke the postal rights and privileges of Lake City, s. c, or of any town. city, county, State, or section? If i the President can, or may, or should j force u person of objectionable charac? ter, or race, upon a community, or if the Tost Office Department can, may. or should do so, under penalty of being deprived of all mall facilities, can either official force the Southern States, or all the States, to accept, say, negro postmasters, or lose their mails and postofllccs? The constitution makes it the duty of Congress to establish postofllccs and post roads, with the necessary and best s. rvice. The "power" to do this, under our government, is the imposition of a duty, and does not convey the power to refuse or decline the task or service, in all cases the Implication is that the government will give the people an honest officer, or servant, a. competent one, a faithful upholder of the constl i tutlon, and one not offensive to the peo? ple?the natrons of the office. For a President under our popular u- vernmcnt, or any other person hold? ing the appointive power, to attempt to force a grossly offensive, or objectlonal, appointee on the public, Is unlawful? In violation of every principle of our Declaration of Independence, our Fede? ral Constitution, our Virginia Hill of Rights and of every imminent of Anier i lean freedom and self-government. The future of the negro needs no dis? cussion. That is already settled- The good negro will be well treated, espec ' (ally if he join in the elimination of th" ? bad negro. The bad negro will be dis? missed, probably without benediction oi doxology, but he will be dismissed. "lie," snith Shakespeare, "that hath 1 b arned no wit by nature-nor art, may complain of good breeding, or comes ! of a very dull kindred." j It is a conyilalnt, too, that Is the ? r^aciy resouce and recourse of error, ! whether it be stupid or knavish. The fault with Bryan and the Democ \ racy In mercenary eyes, is that they do 1 not "turn about and wheel about and jump Jim Crow." They are not run I nlng the Cleveland wax-works, so to : speak. A word In season Is what tells In all reforms; and that is the excuse for "much talking," for it is impossible to foresee what may be the seasonable j word that "goes to the spot," and does the work. In polities, us in other affairs, we can only sow and cultivate; but we cannot command the harvest. " 'Tis not in mortals to command suc? cess ; Hut one may do more?deserve it." "Oh, Liberty!" cried Madame Ro? ll' 1. "what crimes are committed in thy name:" American liberty, however, until I Iannti. arose, was considered a re? in.? d and purified article. 1 dewing soap bubbles is easy enough; bul it is a childish occupation, result? ing in nothing. The lightning of 181/? will hardly strlko In the same plate next year. ^_VIRGINIAN-PILOT'S^ HOME STUDY 6IR6LE (Copyrighted, 1S99) DIRECTED UY PROF. SEYMOUR EATON. SUDJECTS OF STUDY IN THE ORDER IN WHICH THEY WILL BE PUBLISHED. EVERY Sl'N'DAY? History?Popular Bludtes In European History. EVERY TUESDAY? Geography?Tho World's Great Commercial Producta. ' EVERY WEDNESDAY? Governments of the World of To-day. EVERY THURSDAY AND FRIDAY? Literature?Popular Studio tu Literature. ! EVEUTX SATURDAY? Art?The World's Great Artist?. ibcc eonrno* will continue nuill June SGlli. Esntiitnnf |nnn roiMlttcfcil by i'iImII, will be beltl itl Hielr clotc n? n biials lor III* srrautlujs <>?' CorllUeitlon. THE WORLD'S GREAT COA.A\ERCIAL PRODUCTS. VH.-COFFEE. (Concluded.) The United Slates' annual consump' tlon of coffee, figured on the net Im? ports for the year ended Juno SO, 1898, amounts lo 11.45 pounds per head of Population. The total utnouhts import? i ' that year footed up to the enormous sum of S7O,5Oi),O0O pounds. The total value of this Importation was over fG5, 1000,000. The corresponding ligurcs for tea were: Consumption per capita, .'.u pounds; total importation, 72,000,000 pounds: total value of tili' imp a.at ii Ii, $10.000,001?. Our consumption of coffee, tli- re fore, is over twelve times our con? sumption of tea. but the cost of our coffi e consumption is only G and one half limes Hie cost ot our tcti con? sumption. The above figures for our imp rts of coffee and ten are for gross Imports. Our oxnorts of these articles are, com? paratively speaking, inconsiderable. Foi the year in question*they amounted to 18,800,000 pounds In quantity and $2,400. 000 in value for coffee nnd 3 ?<,0 ? pounds in quantity and $150.000 for l< it. our average exportation of coffee t n the years 1890-7 scarcely amounted to 9,000,000 pounds, nnd our average ex? portation of lea for these same eight years amounted to only S00.O00 pounds. Put ii should bo said that for the ten years preceding 185)0 our average an? nual oxoorts of coffee ami tea were several times more than these amounts. It should nlso be remarked that our Importation or coffee for the year iK'7 S was extraordinary. Never before but once did the Importation exceed 700, 000.000 '.01111118. etui that was for the year ISthJ-T, when it was 7.:7.5rt<i.ns.i? pounds, and li. v. r b fore ti;:.- bat tw!( ?lid It ever exceed GOO.000.010 pounds, namely in the year ISO 1-2, \ hen it was O'.iVVl.OOO |? muds. at. I in the year lS'.M-."., w hen it was 613,000,000 pounds. It will be Interesting to comjip.ro with i our imports and exports nf ? iffce nnd tea those made by Great Britain. T k ing the year ended December 31, 1808, as a basis, wc have the following flg ures: Pounds. Value. Coffee, annual Imp. 104.000,000 $13,725,000 Coffee, annual Imp. 02,600,000 I0,6i i,. Tea. annual Imp. ..275,000,000 52,000,000 Tea, annual imp. .. 36,500,000 7,550,000 It Is thus seen thai wlili.ir Imjior tntiori of coffee is in amount nearly eight and a half limes that of Great Britain it is in value onlj three nnd a half times that of Great Britain, while Great Britain's export is four .".ml n hair times ours. Also, that Great Brit? ain's Import of ten is marly four times oms in quantity and more than live times ours in value, wild - lo r ex port of tea is in value sevi hteen times ours. Hut in respect to theiie stntom irits tin- further atat menta niu.'t '.?? do that although our coffee Imp rt for the year 1897-8 was in quuntity far greater than ever it was before, Iii value it was less than It had been since 188?, while our import of tea was less, both In quantity and in value, than it had been for d number of : ars. The explanation of these last ?!.:ie ments lies in two facts: <1> our im? portation of coffee from Brazil for the year 1897-8 was extraordinary, it amounted to over 6111.000,000 pounds, with a value of only $44,120,.'. <>r only 6 1-5 cents a pound, This was o i Im portatloti greater by 200 oflil.??--? pounds than had ever before been made from Brazil C-xeept In tile previous year, and il wa.i 120,000,000 pounds gre iter than even the Importal ion of that year. It was, Indeed, double the Importation made from Brazil so recently as lS91. (2) The fondness of our people for tea Is steadily diminishing;.' Our consump? tion -if fen per capita in 1SS1 was 1.54 pounds, in 1S87 il was 1.49 po?n Is. In IS92 it was 1.37 pounds In 1S96 it wa<> 1.31 pounds, while in !S'i\ as we have seen, it was only .91 pounds. Our use of coffee, compared with that of other countries, is so pi iponder atingly great that a study of the cbh trade of the United Statt j nrnouhts to very much tlie fiamc thing as the study ? of the coffee trade of the woi rt. Assuming tlie total production of tlie world available lo Internationa! commerce to be 1,500,000,000 pounds, our importation, as per figures of 1897-8 amounting as i; does to 870,500,000 pounds, o.\h r.i.-ts 5S per cent of the weald's production. In round numbers it may be said that threes fifths .if all tho coffee that is the subject of ml r natlonnl trade comes to the Unit? I States. It will be useful, therefore, to see where we pet our coffi 0, for in do. ing so we shall In great measure see how (he coffee trade of the world is made up. The following table shows (in ronrn) numbers) the a nirces of *h<? coffee jm. ports of the United States and the amounts and values of these Imports: Pounds. Value. 1? Brazil .661,009,000 $11.120,000 2? Otlur countries in South America: Venezuela .62.98S,( "> 'U71.000 Colombia. 26,866,000 3,082,000 Ecuador . 157,000 13,000 Peril . 64.000 7,000 Dutch Guiana .. 44,n.<0 3,500 8?The W. ^t IndI -?, etc.: British Islands .. 2,815,000 258,000 Haiti. 2.7S7.000 277.000 Dutch Islands ... 582,000 69.000 Puerto rtlco (wnr yeari . IM.o.TO 24,000 Santo Domingo .. 41.000 5.O00 Cuba (war \ ar) 2,500 500 4?Central America, etc.: Costa Rica . la,7l!>.ooo l.nr.s.ooo Guatemala. 19,443.000 l 493,999 Salvador. 7,559.000 Nlcaratun . l.sis.coo 197,030 Honduras . 896,000 3S,noo Urittsh Honduras 20,500 4,0001 -Mexico . 34.T21.OW 3,DO'J,OOU | -Asia: Dutch East In dies. 14.SS0.000 2.771,00(1 British East In dies. 0,458,000 S37,000 Aden (port of Arabia). 4,742,000 SOl.Oon China. 057,000 03,000 Hong lC-ong . 9S.000 14,000 Japan. 4,000 5U0 All other Asia_ 28,000 4,500 -< iccanlca, etc.: Hawaiian Islands 701,000 110,000 Tonga, S a tu o a, 44,009 5,500 usln . 21.000 3,000 8?Africa: Liberia. 58,000 7,000 '.)?1.\ untrics of non production: Germany. 7,334,000 r."0,no:i Holland. 2,410,000 381,000 Great Britain_ 1,587,000 191,000 Belgium . 1,113.000 63,000 France. 859,000 62.000 Austria-Hungary 6S0.000 34,01)0 Portugal. 44.".. 000 25,500 .Italy. 180 000 15,000 Canada. CC.000 10,000 British Austral Totals.S70,505,000 885,069,000 The chief sourci s of the coffee ex? ports of Great Britain, (heir amounts and valm s (for year is:ts) are shown by tho following table: 1'.am.Is. Value. i :oj Ion . 036,000 $196,000 (ith< r l trilish p sessions. 16,520,000 3,210,000 Brax.il. 9,438,000 815:000 ventral America ... 28,017,000 6,785,000 Other foreign pos si sslons.40,001.000 8,670,000 Totals.103.972,000 $18,721,000 It was not until about 1810 that Braz? ilian cofTee began to be well known in European markets. The records show that th" first Introduction of Brazilian coffee Into this country was in 1801. when 532 pounds was Imported* By 1808 the Importation amounted to 80, 000 pounds, and the next year It jumped up to 650,000 pounds. Since that date (1809), with the exception ot some1 I strange fluctuations tit tirst. the Impor? tation has steadily Increased, until now I our coffee Import from Brazil exceeds I In amount uur total "free" Imnort of every sort from every other country in !!:?? world, and also our total Import of ; every sort,win thcr "dutiable" or "free." from every otlv r country In the world except Great Britain, Germany and France. imbed, our Imnort from Brazil, mainly coffee, exceeds our total impbrt from" France, and Is not fat short of our total import from Ger? many. < if the ofher countries of Sou Hi Amer? ica! \'e." zueia is the most noted for cpltec production. Coffee is Venezuela's staple production, and by far its great? est export. The export goes principally to Francei Germany, the United States and Italy. Coffee Is also tin-'chief arti? cle of, production and < f export of Colombia. Ecuador prows and exports ?fr >, but in that country cocoa is the staple product. In Peru coffee is be? coming a main article of production, but little of the product comes to this country. In Bolivia coffee Is grown, bill tho product goes principally t produced to some extent In Surinam i I mi :h (iuianti). The Central American s'.ales are all pr. ducers of coffee, and. speaking gen ernlly, their s ill und climate an- ad? mirably suited to coffee cultivation. In four of the states?Guatemala, Nicara? gua, Costa i.ita and Sau Salvador? coffeo i:-. the principal product and the principal art! le of export; In Guate? mala lit.- product has been as great as 75,000,000 pounds in one year, with an <p . [ valued at $20,000.000. If these countries only had better and more : table gi verriments there are no coun? tries In the world where coffee culture could bo more advantageously pursued. Even ns it Is (heir production in quan? tity ranks next to that of ltrav.il, while .n quality it ranks much higher than that of Brazil. The greater share of Central America coffee goes to Great Dritain and the cpntliu nt of Europe. Mexico has a considerable area ad? mirably fitted to coffee culture, and of '? its tropical products coffee is the chief. ! In fact, coffee constitutes Mexico's ; principal export of all sorts, with the exception of silver, its coffee export \ \* from $6,000,000 to 88,000,000 annually, I of which the United States takes from a half to two-thirds. j In '.he- West Indies Haiti occupies the premier place us a coffee producer, Its I annual export being 75,000,000 pounds. Scarcely less important in coffee pro? duction is Puerto fllco, where also cof? fee is tho principal product, exceed!no as it does the sugar product, in value, in the proporl in of n ore than three to one. In the five years ended 1896 the annual value of the coffee exp >rt of Puerto Itlco averaged nearly $11,000,000. In the last year of thai term the'ex? port was no less than 5S,7S0,000 pounds, with a value of $ 1cm, n. value equal to a third of the value of our I vast import fri m Brazil for i'?7-8, al? though the quantity was not more than a sixteenth. Cuba can hardly be reck? oned a coffee producer. Coffee scarce? ly appears in Its list of staple^produc? tion.--, sue.i,- ;:,,.| !?;,;?.,.? ale tl)e gre?t export products of Cuba, In other West India Islands ihe principal coffee pro? ducers are Jamaica, with an export of over $1,000.000 per anniim (coffee Is Its principal product), and the French is? lands of Guadeloupe and Martinique. In Asia the principal coffee-produc? ing countries ore the Dutch East Indies j (mainly Java), of which the annual P' J 1 II " la from 155<V?9,C0? pjunds to1 175,000,000 pounds. From a third to half of this product Is produced government lands by tho natives by dint of "forced cultivation." Dcspljn the inferiority of tho labor used in the production of Dutch Hast Indian cof? fee, its quality ranks high. This ma. be judged from the fact that our im? port of coffee from Java for the yea 1S97-S cost on an average over 19 cent?| a pound. Though the area of successful culti? vation of coffee in India is limited, Ita culture there Is rapidly increasing, and it.s annual production is now about 33, 000.000 pounds, of which about 32.000,000 pounds nre .exported. It should be re? membered that India is noted for ita lea production rather than for ill coffee. Roughly speaking, it may b? said that India's production and expor ?f tea are four times its production anc export of coffee, Ceylon, as already Bald, though It many ways It la admirably fitted bj nature to produce coffee, Is giving up| coffee culture, and, like India, turning its principal attention to tea. It is to be remarked, however, that the quality of the coffee produced both in Indft and Ceylon stands high. The avoragaf value of the coffee of Ceylon imported into Qrcat liritaiu for 1S98 wus 21 centa.l as against less than 9 Cent? for that' imported into Great Britain from Bra? zil. The average cost of the coffee from! India for the same year was about 20| cents. Indeed, Indian coffee and Ceylon! coffee nre very widely sold in England! an "Mocha," that is, as coffee from| Arabia. ? There are no statistics to show what| ine.um of pure Arabian coffee comes to this country. Undoubtedly a good deal that we get from that source comes to us by way of Great Britain, Germany, etc. Aden, however, may bo considered as the chief seaport for Arabia, nnd our import of coffee from Aden amounts to about 5.000,000 pounds year. For the year 1897-S our Aden import coal us nearly 19 cents a pound.| This shows that the cofTcc of Arabia nd the coffee of Java, as exported, are sold at very much the same prices. But must not forget that the Arabian* themselves tell us that the bent coffee >t iTemen, such of it an leaves their country at all, :-s generally captured by the coffee connoisseurs of Turkey and Armenia, and that very little of It Is sold rot- exportation to western coun? tries. our coffee import from tho IIawalian| islands Is destined lo be a very consid? erable matter. Since ins; it has ln-| leased 2511-fold. The quality Is KUpc-l i or. The average value of the import! i - be.-n rarely less than 20 cents and| even in 1S!'s it was nearly 16 cents. TI coff e of Liberia is a different! plant from that of Arabia, the cnlTeel plant grown in most 'llier parts of thp| ? offi c-produclng world. It is not Itlvo tij changes of temperature. It! dl grow bettor in low situations. It! is um cu lily attacked by fungus, and lt| of . xcellcnt quality. In Ceylon It] h is be. n introduced with good results.! Attempts have been made by the de pnrtmenl of agriculture at Washington to Introduce coffee Into this country? ihal is i i say. in Klot id s. California and Texas. Especially was it Imped that Llbi rinn coffee might be grown here. Kul so far the conclusion seems io thai neither Arabian nor Liberlna iffi ?? is able to endure Hie frosts that, unfortunately, sometimes occur even in r warmest latitudes. N to.?The study of tho sugar pro? de.-i . in be commenced next week, will! conclude this series of commercial! papers. EXAMINATIONS AND CERTIFI? CATES. At the end of the term of seventeen! weeks, a series of questions on enchl course, prepared by Professor SeymourJ Eal in, will be published in ihn Vir? tin an-Pllot, and blanks containing th?| ns wlli be furnished every sub . ;i i bor making application for same.l Two weeks v. ill be allowed after the|] n ? s close, for the receipt of examt nation papers containing answers. Tie s., pa j era will be referred to B ard of Examiners, who will assist'! Professor Eaton, and as soon as the uoilt of examination is complete, the result will be reported, and certificates to tho students entitled to them. tired by Dr. Firey's Treatment "When I i turned from Ft. Thomas last spring I f..and that the typhoid fever had left me with A PAD STOMACH TROUBLE Upon consulting a physician I iva? told tail I HAD CATARRH OF Till: STOMACH HAHLV AND WAS PRONOUNCED INCU RAULE. I then ,went to l>r. Flroy and placed myself under Ills treatment nnd after a few I WAS CURED AND AM NOW ENJOYING GOOD HEALTH, and I taka .; .: tire In icconimending anyone troubled in-h lo Dr. Flroy. IT WAS A BAT EFFORT FOR MB TO LIE IN [Ell IT NIGHT. FOR IT SEEMED AS THOUGH 1 COULD NOT GET MY UR1 ATI! and my nerves wero in such a I v ,;.| lump at llio least sound. SINCE 1 HAVE TAKEN TREATMENT WITH DR. EIREY I AM A DIFFER? ENT MAN AND FEEL AS THOUGH I] IIAD A NEW LEASE ON LIFE. I advise iffi rimt will: nervous troubles or stomach trouble to go and take treatment h Dr Flrey. 1 am willing lo talk with myone who la suffering wRV any trouble ; ? .... 1 CANNOT STATE MY FEEL IN Cr 3 TOWARDS DR. FIREV RETTER THAN TO WISH THAT MANY WHO I- AS 1 DID MAY GO TO HIM AND THAT HE MAY CURE THEM A3 ,!E 1Jl!> MECHAS. O. PENDLETON. No 103 Duncan Avenue, Ghent, Norfolk, Va. ir-<- offices 1 and 2 No. JH Main street, I Norfolk. Va. Specialties: Catarrh atid all diseases of Eye, Ear, Nose, Throat, Chest I aiid Stomach. Hour's, 9 a. in to 12:90 p. m.; 2 p. in. to S:80 p. m. Sunday Hours, 10:80 a. m. to 12:30 p. m.'Tuesday night and Thursday nii;ht. 7:"'J p. ttl. to 8 p. m. Consultation always frre. Medicines i'n: in Ik d, Ti rw- always moderate. Eyes examined' for glasses free of charge. DO YOU KNOW MHKT ? RENOVATING HAIR MATTRE8SE Wo have all kinds In stock, an* mac of u.t materials. _ .WlLLAr.P E. BROWN. 153 Main stt:?fc ,