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?BT THE? VIRGINIAN ANI> IM LOT PUBLISHING COMPANY. _ T?RF0LK \ UND DAILY PILOT. (Consolidated March, Enteitd at ihe BosttiMcu at Norfolk. Va.. as second-class matter. OFFICE: PILOT BUILDING. CITY HALL AVENUE. norfolk. va. OFFICERS: A. H. Grandy President; W. S. Wilk? inson, Treasurer; James K. Allen, Sec? retary. BOARD OF DIRECTORS: A. H. Urandy. L. D. Starke Jr... T W. Ehelton. R. VV, Shultlce. W. S. Wilkinson. James E. Allen. D. F. Donovan. THIIKK UliM r.H MSB t.Oi'Y. subscription rates: The VIRGINIAN-PILOT la deUvere?i to subscribers by carrier* in No/folk eno vicinity, Portsmouth. Berkley. Su,?, 7? West Norfolk. Newport News, Cor W cents per week, payubie to tho earner Uy mall, lo any place lu ??S UttlteU States, posing* tree: llAIM, (hit j??r - ??.?<? ?? simiuonilta - - - " Ibrec snwutlia - - s.-.o *? one mwucli ?? ? ? ?ao ADVERTISING HATES: Advertlse ?ncnte Insertea at the rat? ot 7o cents n Square, 111.11 Insertion; eacl> wbseque h lnsrriion <u cents, or 60 '.enta. when in? serted Every Other Day. Contractors ate not allowed to exceed their space or f" verllse ether than their legitimate uus ness, except by paying especially .or mc same. Reading Notices Invartabiy 20 cents per Iln? first insertion. Each subsequent in? sertion 16 cents. No employee of the Vlrglnlan-Pllot Pub? lishing Company Is authorized to contract any obligation In the name of the com? pany, or to make purchases In the name of the same, except upon orders signed by the PRESIDENT OF THE COMPANY. In order li nrota Octays. on account of personal absence, letters nnd nil commu? nications for Th* V1RQINIAN-PI1/3T should not be addressed to any Individual connected with tho office, but simply to The VIRGINIAN AND PILOT PUB? LISHING COMPANY. TWELVE PAGES THURSDAY, JUNE 22, ISO?. RIDING BOTH SIDES OF THE SAPLING. Hiding both sides of the sapling has long been a current phrase to describe the course of the Ingenious gentleman ?who tries to appear to be both for and against any political proposition. He is also said to blow both hot and cold; to chase with tho hounds and run with the hare; to look one way and row the other; to be a Republican In fact, but nominally a Democrat. The matter is not generally consid? ered one of much Importance, because the ingenious gentlemnn and the sap? ling he rides are not of much public consequence, as a rule; yet, as it in? volves not only this person's moral in? tegrity, but also the decision of a pub? lic question and the manner In which It is determined, every thoughtrul nnd honest citizen must regard Mr. "Fac-' Ing-Both Ways" with apprehension and crave rebuke. It is such men. with no fixed principles and who nt all events must shout with the victors, or have a claim on them of some sort, that makes such cases ns that of Dreyfus possible, and breeds such parasites of power as have consnirod to ruin an honest gentleman in the name of an honorable and patriotic profession. Government, profession, business, so? ciety and all the varied interests that engage and attach men, influencing them hither or thither, do not nt all Imply unworthy motives or lend men into dishonor. This Is of the man him? self, in all things; to the pure all things are pure; and many a noble career avouches that neither money, nor politics, nor both, can betray or degrade in his own character and course, any man self-centred in truth, right and self-respect. Nor Is it pos? sible to deceive such a man by the too common suggestion that the bonds of good faith may be relaxed in com? mon affairs and public interests. In? deed, the true man feels acutely in all such cases thnt to the private and per? sonal obligations he is under, he must add and 6acredly observe, with even higher fidelity, if possible, his duties and Implications as a loyal citizen ready, if need be, to sacrifice himself to the common weal, the common honor, or the common manhood that has established a standard that must be kept Inviolable. That Is patriotism In Its finest nnd manliest sense. Social standing, fam? ily connections, business success and popular respect are worthy of respect? ful regard nnd attention. Some of them attest the most honorable career and are merited rewards of it; but it is a vile thing to urge these, or any of them, as a reason or motive, that must be potential in causing a gentlemnn to choose his stand, or course, or opinions. A man should bo honest nnd honorable, ajid he is so, if he bo a true man; but It is to insult him to Intimate to him that he Is, or must bo so, for low con elderatlons that are renlly incompatible With the lofty Integrity, that should fill a, manly heart none tho less, If It brought shame and ruin. "I am a Virginian!" snys one. "I nm B. Southern man and ex-Confederato!" boasts another. "I am a Democrat!" cries a third. Still another asserts: "I am a Southern, a Virginian, an ex Confederate and a Democrat!" These are all proud assertions; but better not j make them, nor any of them, and then, ? under that cover, do anything unworthy I of them. If you are no longer a Con ftfsdorafe te faith and devotion, decently \ pun tee jpaat to the wall, and do not Beek to make ;>rollt of it here, while elsewhere parading as a repentant rebel and a converted follower of Hannalsm. Bo a Republican'In avowal as In act, if you bo one; but renounce all claims to Democracy: and for Southern man? hood's sake place your change of base upon something higher than gold, or money! TRUSTS WILL BETRAY THEIR TRUSTS. It Is actually amazing what defer? ence und respect are paid by respecta? ble persons and papers to everybody and everything smacking of money. Even very conservative Journals speak of "correct c ?rporate combinations" as allowable, If not desirable trusts, and the American Land and Title Register highly praises what It calls "legitimate trusts " But the Register has some re? marks that are worthy of wide perusal: "Following in the wake of legitimate trusts and stimulated by the general disposition to again loosen purse strings, to invest, to speculute. It is not strange that hundreds of bubble schemes should have been launched, made glittering and alluring by the clever promoler. The unfortunate fea? ture is that the people have used poor Judgment, have been caught like moths drawn to the Maine which fascinates but Stings unto death. Doubtless, con? ditions will gradually seek an adjust? ment, but many fortunes, many hard earned "little alls" will shrink woefully when a real earning power test comes to the enormously watered shares of the majority of so-called trusts. Speak itiK facetiously, five years hence the holder of shrunken shares may pro? perly say, with the unfortunate bicy? clist who witli poor Judgment went bump against an ica wagon, 'he struck a frost.' A blunt Western capitalist when solicited by nn Eastern promoter to lay a few thousand on shares, de? clined with the following laconic words of his opinion of the subject in general: ?The Trust Must Rust.' " WRhoul any exception, all real or bogus combinations of enormous power and stupendous capital are, or should be, unlawful; and it Is true of everyone of them: "The trust must bust." Whether Incorporated, or not, no huge private organization, of practically un? limited money and power, or of uncon? trollable kind or degree, should be al? lowed by law; and there should be rea? sonable and manageable limits to which all such associations are strictly bound; and this irrespective of any other con? sideration than that of the public peace and safety which government must be able to command nnd control, vi et armls. If necessary. Liberty is not absolute personal lib? erty. That Is anarchy, or brute exis? tence in a condition of nature. Liberty Is freedom, limited and regulated by law; nor Is there any liberty not thus reguluted: nor can liberty co-exist with any power, or claim, or pretension not amenable and coercible to government and regulation. A right may become an outrage, a liberty or privilege a des? potism, unless restrained or restraina ble. The trust, or combination, or association, that asserts unlimited right or power, must be destroyed, or ruled, or It "will destroy or rule. Despotism, sanctified by holiness and Inspired by wisdom, Is the best, hap? piest nnd cheapest government. But how insure or procure or maintain it& holiness and wisdom? Shall we pool and capitnlize nil our rights, liberties ami privileges, even though the trust be insured and guaranteed by a secur? ity company combining all our power, capital and interest? But trusts will betray themselves? THE POST DOTH PROTEST TOO MUCH. The esteem-d W ashington PoMr-noth Ing if not Republican, continues to com? plain of the Democratic party that it is Democratic and keeps on dealing in pure and undcflled Democracy at the same old stand, under the same old name, and leadership of William J. Bryan- Hear it (the Post Is alluding to the recent Democratic State con? vention of Pi nnsylvanla): "If the managers of that convention had been under bonds to carry out the wishes of the Bcpubllcan leaders in the State they could have hit upon no waj of doing so more effectually than by their pledge ol 'fidelity nnd devotion to the Chicago platform and their ful? some laudation of 'our matchless leader, William Jennings Bryan." " Dur <.temporary objects to this "wholesale endorsement" of Demo? cracy by Democracy as something monstrous In folly, if not in iniquity, as if It ha,I expected the Pennsylvania convention to deny its faith, repudinte its "malet,; leader." and appeal to the Post, or t , .Mr. Hanna, to make any old thing |ts platform, and sub? stitute a Bcpubllcan, or Indlnnapolltan, or any old unprincipled political bum? mer for Mi. Bryan. And yet it appals credulity by declaring that the Penn? sylvania Dem crats, in this "wholesule endorsement ,;? Democracy, have ac? tually "carried out" the wishes of thr Republican leaders of the state, us if they hail been under bonds to do so! That !?? ii ? i, however, in the mind of the Post, wherefore grieve or quar? rel over t ' if the Democrats are pleasing themselves In candidate and platform, and thereby greatly gratify? ing the Republicans, both parties nre suited, nnd the Post, ns a Republican bugler, has n , reason to grumble. But I there's the rub! The whole Republican choir, like the Post, have a mighty queer way of showing their satisfaction in Bryan, silver-restoration and the permanent platform of 1896. They act and talk, really, as If there would be another Jubilee in Washington If Bryan and silver, with the whole Bcheme of 1896, be renounced by the Democrats, and all things be made new. Yes: that Is how Jt look*, dear Post; and there are cynics who swear that you would lead the choir of Republican Joy, If we were so insane as to reject Bryan and silver. PROSPERITY IS STILL ASTRAY. Even the Baltimore Sun drops a wise word occasionally, as In the following which forms Dart of Its comment on some expressions of the Philadelphia Manufacturer: "Ab to the Manufacturer's conclusion, that 'McKinley will be 'renominated and re-elected,' It Is not improper to remember that It is wise 'never to prophesy unless you know.' " At any rato it seems rather pre? mature for Hanna to move this year that, the American people omit tho Presidential election next year and un? animously continue McKinley in office "It Is the unexpected that happens"? In France?and sometimes elsewhere. If, as Mr. Havemeyer says, "the Tariff is the mother of Trusts," the money Monopoly is their father. Com? petition is as necessary to free trade, as difference or opinion Is to liberty. Neither can be without the other- Re? member that. All idle labor should be employed, but because all men should work; even criminals: and if any decline to work, they must be made to work. That Is the truth' of the situation. An Idk population Is the most costly, criminal and dangerous. "Six days shalt thou labor." The great mass of the people, both Republicans and Democrats, have a horror of the name of Trusts, without exactly knowing the why or the where? fore.?Harrisonburg Spirit. A just and proper horror no less be? cause it Is Instinctive, as the dread of mad-dogs and rattle-snakes. The trusts say they have prosperity, and a plenty of money. Their methods of swindling demand these, or a show of both; but while their promoters and touters needs must have a measure, of prosperity and money to do business successfully on, all the evidence goes to show that this business consists chiefly in multiplying (on paper) by two, or four, or more, while the actual capital grows less, in fact, by use, loss and waste. Like Keeley's Motor, the trust deals in wind and -water, and Its watered stock and inflated capital must soon collapse, with a lot of stale air nnd wet paper on hand. The crops forebodo a world-wide scarcity for 1899-1900. This scarcity will apparently, to some extent, neu? tralize or counteract the currency con? traction that has lowered the prices of food stuffs. Nevertheless, though prices rise by reason of short crops, the scar? city of money continues, and the evils of that scarcity will be augmented by the evils of insufficient grain supplies. The grain-producers who this year make a good or average harvest may rejoice In the high price for bread stuffs, but all the balance of mankind will eat less and pay more for It, to their sorrow and suffering. Prosperity means a plenty of all necessaries and comforts, and an abundance of money to buy and exchange. Even the foremost administration organs are now hedging on the Phlllp pino question. The Washington horn blowers of imperial conquest admit that ibis administration has got us Into a '?Predicament in Luzon." It Is the lead? ing administration organ at Washing? ton which speaks in this most astonish? ing manner: "We do not agree with that Cabinet official who Is reported as having com? plained that the Filipinos 'do not know when they are whipped.' If we are to believe the press reports that reach us, they are not whipped at all. or in any immediale danger of being so. Neither, to be frank, do we see any reason why the Filipinos should suspend hostilities. We have declared no policy which they can consider from a peaceable or a political point of view, and we have failed to convince them of the necessity of surrendering to a force of whose pur? poses they are thus far Ignorant." Ln! "rank sedition!" Let not a line of it reach the Philippines, and let no more truth from the Philippines reach us. Truth on either side?from either direction?is too much for this imperial military oligarchy, with its money trust stuff. The spring elections are over, and now we must get ready for the fall elections,?In November. One half our State Senators and all the mem? bers of our House of Delegates are to be nominated and elected; nnd those, with the hold over State Senators, are to "choose" (that is the constitutional word) a U. S. Senator to succeed Mr. Martin, of this State. The General Assembly is the represen? tative legislative body of the people of this Commonwealth: and It Is ns such popular representatives that fur legis? lators perform all their public nets, whether in making, or amending, nr repealing laws, or In choosing IT. S. Senators, or electing Judges. A repre? sentative, or agent, should not be only empowered; he should be Instructed by his immediate principals or consti? tuents; and Jt lg time we were consid ing what we desire our agents to do for us at Richmond. Every county, city, or district should hold a county convention, or mass meeting, of Democrats, a-nd adopt a platform, or series of resolutions, upon which the legislators must be elected. The resolutions should name the Sena? tor. If the people choose; declare for putting the convicts, &c, to work on the roads; demand more currency and legal-tender; ask legislation to protect free competition and to put down monopolies, &c OUT THIS OUT EXAMINATION QUESTIONS OF 1\HE> SPRING COURSES ._VlRGlNIf\N-PILOT'S_ HOME STUDY CIRCLE WILL BE PUBLISHED AS FOLLOWS\ LITERATURE?Thursday and Friday, June 22nd and 23rd. ART?Saturday, June 24th. HISTORY?Sunday, June 2",th. GEOGRAPHY?Tuesday, June 27th. GOVERNMENTS?Wednesday, June 28th. Out out the examination questions for eaoh course, as they appear In tho VIII GINlAN-l'lLOT on the dates named above. (Copyrighted, 1809.) DIRKCTED BV PROF. SEYMOUR EATON. _EXAMINATIONS These examinations are open to all students of one or more of the courses. Candi? dates will be Riven three weeks in which to prepare their answers. Ceiiilicates will be granted in each course to students whose examination papers meet the approval of a com? mittee of examiners. Mail all papers to THE HOME STUDY CIRCLE, VIRGINIAN-PILOT. Mark all papers "Examination." DIRECTIONS: Write with Ink on white paper and on only one side of each sheet. The name and addrees of the candidate should be distinctly written at the top of each sheet of examination paper. Candidates writing upon more than one course should mail their examinations in separate package^. Mail the sheets without rolling and with as little folding as possible. See that post? age is fully prepaid. The names of successful candidates 'will be arranged In three groups ac? cording to order of merit. (1) Excellent, (2) good, (3) lair. EXAMINATION On Course of Popular Studies In Literature. NOTE?In this paper forty questions are set, No candidate is to write on more than two questions in any one of the fifteen parts or subject heads, into which the paper is divided. CHAUCER?THE DAWN OF ENG? LISH LITERATURE. 1* Give a summary of the reasons ad? vanced in the lesson why Chaucer should be held In honor and why his works should be read and studied. 2. Give a brief account of the main known facts of Chaucer's life. 3. Dr. Egan calls the "Canterbury Tales" a "vitascone of life In the four? teenth century." Explain and Justify this statement. CAXTON?THE OLD PRINTERS OF WESTMINSTER. 4. Give an account, so far as the les? son in the course provides you with material, of the development of the art of printing in Europe In its early years. B. Give a brief account of Caxton's work us a printer in England. TRANSLATION OF THE ENGLISH BIBLE. 6. Make a synoptical table, giving names and dates only, of the principal translations of the bible Into English from the earliest times down to the present. 7. Describe fully the part taken In the work of translating the bible into Eng? lish by John Wycliffe. 5. Write notes, explanatory, histori? cal, etc., on the following translations: (a) The Bible of Miles Coverdale. (b) "Matthews' Bible." (c) The "Great Bible." (d) The "Bishops' Bible." (e) The Genevan Bible. (f) The Rheims New Testament. 9. Briefly epitomize the principnl facts concerning the translation known as the "authorized version" of 1611. SPENSER?THE ELIZABETH AN 10. Show how In the reign of Eliza? beth English scholarship and English literature were iniluenced by (a) the revival of classical learning; (b) an imitation of Italian scholarship and lit? erature. 11. Give an account of Spenser's life, emphasizing particularly his relations with his friends. 12. Give some account of Spenser's works, in particular the "Faerie Queene." BP NY AN?THE PURITAN ELE? MENT IN EARLY LITERATURE. 13. Prof. Mints in the lessons says: "Milton, Cromwell and Bunyan were Puritanism incarnate." Explain this statement fully and Justify It. 14. Give an account of the "Pilgrim's Progress" (if possible from your own reading) and state what you conceive to be its elements of power and Its claims to be considered a masterpiece of lite? rature. EARLY ENGLISH ESSAYISTS. 15. "The essay of the eighteenth cen? tury was typical and characteristic of the age."?Prof. Denney. Justify this statement. Who were the principal essayists of the early part of the> eighteenth century? Who of the latter part? Give some account of the essays of these two sets of essayists re? spectively. From what sources may the essay of the early half of the eighteenth century as a form of literary ait be possibly derived? I?. Describe and compare Bacon and Emerson as essayists. Show how their essays differ from those of the eigh? teenth century essayists. 17. Give as full an account as pos? sible of the English essayists of the early part of the nineteenth century. Classify them into groups and assign to each group as far as possible its dis? tinguishing characteristics. THE FIRST GREAT ENGLISH NOV? ELISTS. 18. Dr. Eagan makes a distinction be? tween the romance and the novel. What is tills distinction? Justify the distinc? tion in the cases of the works cited by Dr. Egan. Justify it in the case of "Robinson Crusoe," which Dr. Egan classes as a novel. 10. Write brief notes upon (a) Rich? ardson, lb) Fielding, (c) Smollett, (d) St rne. (e) Goldsmith, if) Miss Bur ney. both with regard to their lives and to their works. As far as possi? ble from the knowledge conveyed to you In the lesson, give critical estimates of the works of these authors, respec? tively. FIRST HISTORIANS AND FAMOUS HISTORIES. 20. Specify and account for some of the differences to be found in the qual? ity of the work of great historians. 21. Give accounts, descriptive, critical, etc., of the historical works of (a) Hal lam, (b) Hume, (c) Macaulav, (d) Froude, (e) Carlyle, (f) Justin McCar? thy, (g) J. R. Green. 22. Describe as fully as possible the place In literature held by the histo? ries written by (a) Clarendon, fb) Bur net, (c) Oibbon. (d) Robertson, (c) Milman, (f) Buckle. WITS AND HUMORISTS OF ENG? LISH LITERATURE. 23. Give a synopsis of Dr. Hunt's dis? cussion of the differences between wit and humor, both as to qualities and as to objects. 24. Mention some of the chief humor? ists ol* English literature, and with each humorist mentioned name the work In which the humor of the nuthor mentioned is most characteristically found. DE QUINCEY?EARLY PROSE MAS? TERPIECES. 25. Estimate so far as you can Dc Qulncey's position in the world of liter? ature. 26. Give an account as full and graphic as possible of Dc Quincey as an opium-eater. GRAY ? CRITICAL STUDY OF GRAY'S "ELEGY." 27. Detail In your own words the chief facts of Gray's life, dwelling particu? larly upon la) the circumstances of his early life, (b) his education, (c) his friendships, (d) his scholarship, (e) his character and habits, (f) the produc? tion of his poems 23. (a) Give an nccount of the mean? ing- and purpose of the "Elegy" and of the ways in which this meaning and purpose are effected, (b) Quote any lines or stanzas that you think to be of peculiar beauty or power, (c) Ac? count in your own way, using your own words and thoughts, for the marvelous reputation and popularity which this poem has enjoyed. In your opinion is It In any way losing in reputation and popularity? THE LITERARY CLUBS OF LONDON. 29. Give In your own words ns full and Interesting account ns possible of "Johnson's Club." or the "Literary Club." as it is more properly called. I :10. Write notes, descriptive, historical. ! etc.. on (a) The "Mermaid Club," (b) Will's Coffee House, (c) Button's Coffee House, (d) The St. James' Coffe; House. 31. Give a readable account of the history and influence In the literary world of the "Athenaeum Oil" of London. TOLSTOI?REVIEW OF RUSSIAN LITERATURE. r.2. (a) Give a brief account of the "three periods" into which, according to Dr. Parrott. the history of Russian lit? erature may be divided, (b) Write a brief note on Pushkin and state the position lie holds In the history of the devclrpment of Russl.v.i literature. '.'.3. "Gogol Is the Russian Dickens."? Dr. Parrott. Explain and Justify this statement. 34. Give as full an account as possible of the life, personality and character of Tolstoi. - 35. Give some account of the works other than novels that Tolstoi has writ? ten. Give also an account of Tolstoi's religious and ethical doctrine:?. IBSEN?REVIEW OF SCANDINA? VIAN LITERATURE. 36- State succinctly Ibsen's position in Scandinavian literature and in the literature of tho world. 37. Write brief notes on the following topics: (a) Old Norse literature: (b) Dolberg, the father of modern Danish literature; (c) Oehlenschlaeger. the apostle of the romantic movement in Scandinavian literature; id) the devel? opment of an Independent national Nor? wegian literature distinct from Scandi? navian literature. 38. Write a general note descriptive of "Ibsen's social dramas." CHARLOTTE BRONTE. 39. Give In your own words an out? line of the story of "Jane Eyre," with? out note or comment. 40. Give the substance of Prof. Gates' criticisms of "Jane Eyre." especially with reference to the following: (a) The character of the lovemaklng be? tween Jane Eyre nnd Rochester. Was It always natural? (b) The lack of humor in the novel, the unvarying In? tensity of its tone. (Compare In this respect "Jane Eyre" with the popular novels of to-day?say Anthony Hope's.) (c) The strength of the story. In what characteristic was it strong? (d) The romanticism of the plot of the story. Did this romanticism approach the melodramatic? A TRUST OF TRUSTS. ByGeo. H. Shibley. The ship subsidy bill, fathered by Senator Mark Hanna and Congressman Payne, of "New York, was favorably re? ported to both the House and Senate of the last Congress, antKthe Republican managers are comltted to the passage of the measure, the dally press has been muzzled by tho great corporations whom the bill will enrich by hundreds of millions of dollars, and a large por? tion of the Republican campaign fund Is to come from the same source. Its provisions are thus characterized by the most influential labor organizations engaged In the shlp-bulldlng trades: "The ?anna-Payne bill, officially en? titled (senate No. 5024, is one of the most un-American bills ever presented In the Interest of foreign corporations, being practically a free ship bill, with sufficient Americanism held in reserve to enable Its progenitors to loot the United States Treasury, and even bar? ring Itself from being compelled to em? ploy American crews- It aaks for the admission of foreign ships to our reg? istry in the ratio of two to one; It asks for a bounty to owners of these foreign built vessels of the larger and swifter class of approximately 4% cents per cross ton on every 100 miles sailed, leaving a small Inducement to the owners of lesser craft. "Its provisions would debar the ships constructed by its requirements in American ship-yards from employment in our coasting trade, and the biip-ts so covertly worded as to mislead all but those who are thoroughly acquainted with matters marine, and is Intended for the benefit of gigantic corporations which are largely allen. ? ? ?. \ve denounce in the most emohatic terms the bill commonly known as the Hanna Payne, shipping bill." ? Yet this infamous measure was in? dorsed one week ago last Friday by the -Republican State Convention of Ohio. The indorsement misrepresents the measure, and Senntor Hanna engineer? ed the scheme. The exact words of the resolution are: "For the national de? fense, for the reinforcement of the navy, for the enlargement of our for? eign markets, for the employment of American worklngmen in the mines, forest?, farm, mills, factories, and ship-yards we demand the Immediate enactment of legislation similar to that favorably reported to each branrh of the Fifty-fifth Congress at Its last ses? sion, so that American built. American owned, and American manned 6hipa may regain the carrying of our foreign commerce." in this resolution there Is a deliberate concealment of the facts which the labor organizations engaged In the shipbuilding trades have set forth. In detail, the principal evils of the Hanna-Payne subsidy scheme are as follows: The bill provides for a subsidy or bounty to ship owners which, during the life of the franchise, twenty years, will amount to something like one and one-'half billions of dollars. The pres? ent tax receipts by the United States government are about one-half billion dollars or about one-third the amount which it Is proposed to give to the men who.-.* vessels shall fill the requirements set fotth In the proposed law. And right at this point the monopoly fea? ture of Senator Manna's bill appears: It provides for a government bounty upon each mile traveled by the ships which meet the requirements of the law, the rate to be proportioned to the size of the vessel und the rate of speed, being gieater for the larger and faster ships. This would exclude all sailing vessels and the small steam vessels, and concentrate the entire ocean trade of the United States in the largo steam vesM-ls owned by the gigantic corpora? tions which combine the railroad bus? iness with that of steamship lines. Then with the competition from small corporations effectually shut olT by the discriminatory ratfs In the subsidy law. the whole carrying trade on bind and sea would. In the bunds of the few cor? porations, soon be merged Into what may be very properly termed a trust of trusts In freight and passenger trans? portation. The billion-dollar steel trust Is a much more difficult combination to effect. In the ship subsidy bill the prize nt stake for Senator Henna and the other monopoly magnutes is so mammoth In its proportions, and If secured will, In combination with the other trust of trusts which will result if the proposed law for a banking monopoly Is passed, lead to such far reaching results as to make all lovers of popular government shudder. If this consolidating process through private corporations ever goes so far as the passage of the ship sub? sidy bill and Hie bill for branch banks, the result will be that to protect the ensuing monopolies the men in charge of them will, aided by the governments of Europe "to protect Inves nients" take fcrmnl possession of our government. It Is international law thft a fuic'gn stale may, at its d'eret'on, enf*rce the con? tract right of its cil'stens ogs'nsl an? other state or nny portion thereof. Ia pursuance of this provision of Interna? tional law. Egypt Is being managed by an English army for the benefit of humanity, of course, and the taxes col? lected are turned over to the Roths? childs and their fellow monopolists. In? dia is likewise managed by the English, and the French government has seve? ral pieces Of territory In Its hands as receiver for its monopoly barons. Ger? many is likewise in the control of the money power through financial opera? tions In China. A combination of these foreign powers can so back up the mo? nopoly power in this country, that the government can he held firmly in hnnd even to the extend of declaring Invalid _the election of a Prerndent and Con Hg'ross pledged to correct the monopoly abuses. All that is necessary is that these foreign states declare that tho contract rights of their citizens are in danger of being violated. Is it not clear that every American citizen should turn in and strive to defeat Senator Hanna's ship subsidy bill. Senator Hanna's bill for branch banks, the retirement of the green? backs and the turning over to the banks the entire power to Issue paper money and withdraw it, and help to defeat the existing combination of trusts and other monopolies fostered by the men whom Mark Hanna as cam? paign manager, placed in power at the last national election? The Ohio State Convention, with Sen? ator Hnn.ia in command, declared one week ago last Friday in its resolutions for "President McKinley, the be6t ex? ponent of Republicanism and true American Ideas and policies, the friend of every American Industry, and the wise and patriotic defender and advo? cate of honest money. Under his splendid Republican administration the prosperity of the people has developed, our commerce has grown great, our trade, domestic and foreign, has in? creased to a degree never before known, and the people are looking with confi? dence for greater things to come." Note well the conclusion: "Are look? ing forward with confidence for great er things to come." On the other hand Professot Small, of the Department of Sociology In the University of Chicago, declared recently that the remarkable growth of uncontrolled monopoly Is the greatest menace to civilization since tire Huns descended upon western Eu? rope. Practical business men, he saye, are asking "where will it all end?" Ice Cream Freezers If you are fond of good Cream and want to make it quick, buy our Freezers, the BEST and QUICKEST ON EARTH. All seasonable goods at lowest prices. P. J. MALBON, Both Phones No. 401.