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Virginian-pilot. (Norfolk, Va.) 1898-1911, August 27, 1899, Image 9

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Remedy Suggested For the Coi
rupling and Engulfing System.
Ami II ?cei?nry Absolutely Amil
Ii 11 med by nKatiounl l-?iv I'orbUI
tiiusAny Corimrntlon Organised
111 One Slutc I roiu DollIB Business
III Any Oilier Nimu Wlib.mt
Kiirolnl I.lconio From Kntlouul
(James Creelman In N. V. Journal.)
Omaha. Neb., Aug. -".?The most re?
markable thing about Mr. Bryan's
great B].h to the Ncbrnsku Demo?
cratic state Convention last night was
the definite remedy he suggested for
the corrupting und engulling trust sys?
tem. While the Democratic leader ?li<l
not tie himself irrevocably to the Idea,
he certainly s.-t it forth deliberately.
He declared that the overgrown
trusts could be controlled, and, if ncc>
eesary, absolutely annihilated, by a
national law forbidding any corpora?
tion organized In oiie Stute from carry?
ing on business In any other State
without a special license from the Na?
tional Government. This license would
be Issued under such restrictions and
limitations as to make any further ex?
istence of trusts impossible,
Mr. Bryan's proposal was thunder?
ously applauded. It Is hardly in lino
with the hist.nie policy of the Demo?
cratic party regarding the right of
each State to determine for itself the
conditions under which business may
be done within its b rders.
only a few minutes before this ut?
terance Senator Allen, lie- Populist,
stood on the same platform and said to
the same audli-nce that Oovcrnm lit
ownership of great public convenien?
ces, such as telegraphs and railways,
was the only means by which tie
trusts could be crushed. This, too, was
greet..r with hearty applause.
I mention this thing principally for
the purpose of Indicating tin- almost
Incredible power which Mr. Bryan has
show n in again bringing about a. fit- j
slon of the Democrats, Populists and
silver Republicans of Nebraska. IJi.s
leadership In the West is unchallenged,
lt.- Is stronger here than over and in re
skillful in the settlement of quarrels
between the Laders of local factions.
I came from Lincoln to Omaha with
Mr. Bryan two days ago. There were
Blghs of discord hi every direction. A
powerful group of Democrats, embit?
tered by Holcomb'S refusal to appoint
them or their friends to ollice during
his term as Governor, had nnuounced
their Intention of waging war against
ins candidacy for a j?dgship of the
Supreme Court in the Democratic con?
vert 'ion.
In the Sixth Congressional District,
Mr. Harrington, :t Democrat, and Mr.
Neville, a Populist, Were standing as
opposing nominees for Congress. Each
had stated that he would never retreal.
The nlr was full of sounds of war. Mut
within twenty-four hours Mr. Bryan
had persuadi I Mr. Harrington to with?
draw from tiie field nnd had convinced
the lenders of the opposition to Hol
enmb that any open tigin in the Demo
cratli.mention might injure the
prospects, of the parly in the Presiden?
tial struggle next y.-ar.
It was interesting to see the extraor?
dinary change that occurred. In one
day Mr. Bryan reconciled enemies and
adjusted f.-uds. The three conventions
nominated Holcomb for Judge of the
Supreme Court, and the most perfect
fusion of silver and antl-Hepubllcaii
forces ever known in Nebraska was af
f. cted.
Mr. Bryan's authority ns leader was
recognised with tit n word of dissent.
And yet he uttered no throat. A few
earnest words from him seemed to con?
vince I he most passionate fnctinnist.
His one supreme argument was that a
di feat of the reform forces In Nebraska
(his year would be taken by the rest
of the country as a .sign that tin- peo?
ple had rejected the Chicago platform
and had endorsed the McKinley admin?
Wherever Mr. Bryan moved he seem?
ed to know every person he passed in
the streets?business men. laborers, po?
licemen, newsboys, pcddli is. trolley
conductors -all greeted him by natu-.
Whatever else may be said or"him, he
certainly has the almost universal af?
fection of the people of Nebraska.
Looking back to the Western trips I
made with Mr. Bryan in 1896, I should
Pay that be is very much stronger to?
day than he was llien. Even the Re?
publicans, who oppose him politically,
speak of him kindly and in respectful
terms. He is no longer referred to as
an ??Anarchist" or Die "Hoy Orator," I
hut is regarded as a commanding nnd
serious politiclan. who understands the'
plain people as no one, perhaps, under?
stood them since Abraham Lincoln.
There seems to be little doubt that
the Republicans wilt lose Nebraska this
year. The nntl-trust nnd silv. r ele?
ment is vigorous and persistent, and
the President's foreign policy will cost
him. ir is said, at least 20.000 votes
nmong the German, Bohemian and nth- I
or foreign born citizens, who abhor
militarism: hoi to speak of the tierce
nnd unquenchable nnti-lmpcrlallst
spirit which controls so many native
bom Republicans.
A Nebraska banker, who has ber-n a
State Senator nnd a strong McKinley
man. said to me to-day:
"Nebraska will go Democratic this
year. Thousands of Republicans will
vote the fusion ticket us n protest
against the President's reckless nnd
un-American foreign policy. As for
myself, tinlcss Mr. McKinley abandons
hi?< Asiatic nilventnre I shall v e for
Bryan next year. In spite of th,. fact
that 1 do not approve of his financial
view s."
After making two more speeches Mr.
Bryan w ill start for California lo rest
with his wife and children In the Yose
mlte Valley. He will return to Ne?
braska on October 12th.
George A. Willis Is president, and M.
P. Hnrdesiy. cashier, of the Bank of
Camden Point, organized at Camden
Point. Mo., with $10.000 paid-up capital
A movement is on foot for the erec?
tion of a cotton nnd knitting mill at
JBatonton, Ga. Mr. J. It. Tweedy, of
Athens, Ga., is interested.
VI1MJ1MIA BKS'cH. Alt: LSI 18,189?
1 watched him in Iiis wrath last eve
For Boreas roused him from his
lie decked his locks with snow, to
heave 4
Ship-wrecks beneath the deep.
Colil. cruel waves he rolls. I wis,
A thousand hopes he wrecks, 1 know,
Tlie pride- and wealth of man are his,
He gathers them below.
Deep down where blooms Anemone ?
And stnr-dsh sport in their wild Joy,
He tombs h;s dead, and chief is he
Tin fail -halted sailor boy.
His requiem the waves that sweep
in their mad play above his rest?
What matter ? Peaceful is n's sleep;
The mermaids they have dressed.
Him with sea-weed and glittering
Midst weal lb that's worth a world's
em prize,
A coral crown about bis; curls,
And jewels for his eyes?
Oh quiet sea, Oh, raging sea.
So peaceful, terrible In wrath,
Her.- throned In majesty, I s-o
The God?ye mark His path,
As He doth tread the earth ti show
Weak, sinful man, who scorns Ills
He compasses the world btlow
As well as realm:; above.
Ills loving hand doth sway the tides.
The storm He lulls at His sweet will.
On mountain billows here He rides
The God Almighty still.
Robert <:. Ingcrsoll.
Though Scotland boosts a thousand
Of patriot, king and peer.
The noblest, grandest or them all
Was loved und cradled here:
Here lived the gentle peasant prince.
The loving cotter king.
Compared with whom the greatest lord
Is but a titled thing.
'Tis hut a cot roofed in with straw,
a hovi 1 made of clay;
One door shutdoul the snow anil .storm,
i Mil- window greets the day.
And ye; 1 stand within thin room
And hold all thront s in scorn.
For here, beneath this lowly thatch,
Love's greatest bard was born.
Wil hin this hallowed hut I feel
Like one who clasps a Bhrlne,
When the glad liiw at last have touched
'I'll ? something' deemed divine.
And Ii ?:<? ti>.- world, through all the
yea iv,
As I u;g its day returns.
The tribute ,-f Iis love and tears
Will |> i.v to ISoliert Burns.
DespUe the raising of the quarantine
and tue abatement or the yellow fever
sen,'. Old Point Comfort wears :\
m n deserted appearance for this sen
son thun bus been noticed there since
lie- war of the sixties. Not even when
it was ri ported Hi >t Corpora's fleet was
hoad/d toward the Atlantic coast was
there such excitement at this historic
town und tite fort there.
Nnrfolklans who have been there
since the lifting of the quar?
antine, have been struck with
the quid air pervading this famous
const resort, while the majority of the
residents who lied from tin- fever at
tie- Soldiers' Home have returned,
there uro very few visitors there. Be?
fore the fever scare there were at least
700 vlsitorn at the hotels and private
boarding places. Practically, all
these have left. The Hygcia Hotel is
doing n very good transient business,
but permanent guests are few. The
Chninberlin is not open for guests at
Th<- principal cause of the deserted
nppearanee of the historic point is.
however, the absence of the regular
uumher of noldiers In the garrison of
[ Portress Monroe. This is the flrst time
in the memory <>r residents tir.it this, j
I ih" strongest of the Atlantic .-oast bat?
teries, has been left ill charge of so i
small a gnrrlson force?only twenty
men. Note that all danger from the
fever In over, the citizens of this sec
!?? anxious for the return of the
soldiers, who were sent away at the
outbreak at the Soldiers' Home. Like
all garrison towns, Old Point Is un?
happy and f.-els unnatural without her
soldiers. Besides, they are n great help
to the town, and incidentally to the
cnnlingunus country, from n commer?
cial point of view. Some of the citi?
zens think the Government acted
hastily in sending the soldiers away
when liiere was really no danger, and
t'my now want them returned, ac?
cording to what was tobl a Virglnlan
Pi|ot reporter a. old Point yesterday.
The complete novel in the September
LlPPlNCOTT'S is by Maurice Hewlett,
entitled "Tiie Duchess Of Nona.'' Ruth
McEnery Stuart contributes a touching
und :.musing story, entitled "Picayune."
Price. 2fi cents. ,! B. Llpplncott com
pnny, Phllndi Iphln.
PALL Mall for September contains
n number of high class articles. We
< .'lie- : understand, however, why the
publishers class Ella Wheeler Wilcos
with the "and others" in their list of
contributors, for her contribution, a
1.in 1 ntltlcd "tine Day." is beautifully
written, contains food for thought and
is full of sentiment. Why it Is hon?
ored with firsl place in the magazine
nnd Its: author omitted from the list
of contributors for the month we can?
not understand. ,
TAN, like all the issues of this mnga
sin< comes to us bright, refreshing and
full of well selected Illustrations, with
two ??. ; Merit a and 11 number of in
terertlng articles. Brlce, 15c: at nil
news - r.<t-.
The S i-leather issue of tite COSMO?
POLITAN hnfl Us usual treal of good
magazine rending from the pens of
well known writers. One contributor,
however. Maurice P. Klrby, makes Iiis
debut in magazine writing in a poem?
"A Plea for a Sona".?which is very
wil written nnd has n rr od thought.
Price. Sl.ofi pet- year. John Brlsben
Wllkes. editor. frvlngton. X. Y.
SCRIBNER'S for the coming month
has ahiong IIa contents the following
articles: "Where the Water Runs Both
Ways.Phe Painting of George But?
ler." "Agulnaldo's Capital.'! "A Copley
Boy." and some pretlv poems. Price,
25c. $3.00 a year. ('ha.-. Soribner's
Sons, New York. X. Y.. publishers.
The September "Alnslee's Magazine"
has 0'rrlved. Wl h it< usual Interesting
stories -it'tl Illustrations: "The Boom
of Mirrors.''- by A. T. Qulller-Couch," is
weird and interesting, and "The Re?
cruit in the Bliiek Cavalry'' tells a story
of braVcryrThurhor and pathos. Price,
i $l0c.~at all news stands.
* . ?-? - ?w?
TENTH pennsylvania veterans bn route* F?r"HOfitE~ '
NOTE.?The People's Forum being
freely open lo all parties, classes, per?
sons, views and capacities, the Vir?
ginian-Pilot is responsible for none
of the statements nor opinions ex?
pressed therein, nor for the style in
which they are net forth. The ignorant
and uneducated shall he heard here
equally with the learned.
A KliiiilHcmil I'nrt.
Charlottesvillc, Va., Aug. 22, 1S39.
Editor Vlrglnlan-Pllot:
It Is a significant fact that In both
of the counties where the people have
been allowed to express their choice be.
tween the two Senatorial candidates
that the vote stood about 7to 1 in favor
of Qov. Tyler.
in the counties that have held mass
meetings for the purpose of nominating
candidates lor the legislation, it is safe
to say that In none of them have more
than 25 per cent, of the party express?
ed their choice between tin- two candi?
dates. The various county and city
committees all over the State, with n
few honorable exceptions, tire refusing
to allow the people to express their
Choice for Senator by a primary elec?
tion, and the returns from Prince Wil?
liam and Southampton tells us the rea?
son why the machine is afraid to trust
the people. Shall we meekly submit
and allow a few tricksters and ring
politicians to over-ride the will of a
majority of the Democrats of this
State'.' If we do, we are not worthy to
bear the name of Virginia Democrats,
In every county where mid-summer
snap conventions have been held, nnd
where tlie people have been refused a
chance to register their will on the Sen?
atorial question, let the people nomi?
nate other candidates who will respect
the will of the people; candidates who
will vote in the Legislature for a law
allowing the people to vote directly on
the nomination of a Senatorial candi?
date. Let them also select candidates
who will vote for a man for 1". S. Sen?
ator who would scorn a seat in that
body unless he believed himself to be
the choice of his party.
Mr. Martin's friends have set us a
precedent by nominating candidates of
their own in isle of Wight county,
where they were beaten at their own
game. I would warn every true Dem?
ocrat in Virginia id' the consequences
of submitting to the dictation of a few
rlllgsters nha self-constituted bosses
who are tit this time attempting to dis?
regard the wishes of a majority of the
party. If we tamely submit now, wo
will be treated to something worse in
1000. They will refuse to let us Instruct
our delegation to the national conven?
tion, and will send an uninstructcd del?
egation in spite of the fact that a ma?
jority of the party .are overwhelmingly
in favor of Wm. .1. Bryan nnd the <"iii
cago platform. Already the Xew Vorll
World places Virginia in the gold col?
umn in their estimates as to the stand?
ing of the various States in the con?
vention of moo. "Eternal vigilance is
the price of liberty.''
Yours respectfully,
Til" !': onle ifl?nppnlnloil.
Editor Virginian-Pilot:
The people of Campbell county were
very much disappointed court day when
the Democratic Executive Committee
of the county voted down a resolution
to give the people a chance to express
themselves as to oholec In the two men,
Martin and Tyl-r. in the face of the
fact that three-fourths, at lowest esti?
mate, of the people present were for!
Tyler from the fact t|iat |?. \<, opposed
to the machine politician, kept in powei
by lie- ring rule manipulation of the
pliant Walton Election Law. The peo?
ple of Campbell are determined to be
heard at. the precinct meetings and con?
vention. The Kxeouttve Committee en?
dorsed the nominee of the Martin fac?
tion no floater for AppomattOX and i
It is evident from the press that j
wherever the people are Informed as to
the real Ksuo, they are In favor of I
Tyler, nnd equally so on the other
hand. The county machinery are in]
favor- of Martin, and only checked by'
quick, active work by outspoken, ear?
nest citizens. Place Senator Martin In
Tyler's place, with Major Daniel, ma?
jority of Congressmen In Virginia,
county ami city machinery, three
fourths of daily press and one-half of
weekly against him and Senator Mar?
tin would not. get a delegate. Hut in
face of all this power Governor Tyler
Is coming; to the front rapidly, and the
day w ill never come When they will
foi get to praise him for the stand he
lias taken in defense of the people
against the machine, politicians, ring
rule nnd present election law.
Tile people should remember that Mr.
Martin has fulled so far to answer any
part of Mr, Jones' letter, though he Is
having Iiis letter in answer to the
Jones and Green controversy published
in every weekly country paper- In the
issue of August 17 of the NoWS-Her
ald is Martin's letter in reply to Jones'
Houston speech, made nearly one
month ngo. Why dies not Senator
Martin reply to Jones' letter in which
ho shows the Senator ub in his true
light, and not continue to publish What
Jones has annihilated long' ago. Give
the people the whole truth. Hew to
the line, let chips fall where they may.
The people have been voting in the
dark long enough and now demand
I light on Hie affairs of the State.
JeflVrannlnii Democrat Asuiu.
Editor VIrglnian-Pilet:
To a sobrr thinking man It appears
that the manner and methods used
now-a-dnys by the political machine
is a bold, fearless move, full of
sophism and daring for the suppression
of sovereign lights. All eyes are open?
ed, or are opening, to the rights of
man, tlie people are positive in their
demand for "equal and exact JllStli e
to ail men. rf whatever state or persua?
sion, religious or political. The people
are determined to protect their sacred
rights of sovereignty.
it" Mr. Martin and his followers sr<
heuest in their efforts for good govern?
ment let them use the methods vouch?
safed to this people in by-gone days,
endorsed by Jefferson, Henry, Monroe,
Madison and others, that pure system
always bestowed honor and credit to
candidate and voter alike, if you are
Democrats then stand lirm by 'he
teachings of your forefathers and do!
not be tt despoller seeking to destroy the
fundamental principles of a free gov?
ernment made by the people, and for
ail the people; made sacred by daring
deeds and sealed by their heart's best,.
GOVERNMENT, and the honest yeo-i
manry of this State will not accept
shy other.
MUST- BE HEARD, and the majority
rule. Demagoglsm must go, for it Is
not the proper power to control either,
the Democratic party or ward meetings.;
Lot the man who is forced t-i toil for
his daily bread stop and think of his;
home nnd his dear ones, before he givi a
his vote to slid tile office trust. If you
are lovers of good government, listen.
! not to the wlili.ig agents of combines
and tittsts. As, freemen, be true, be
firm In your demands for sovereign
i rights, f.ir this is the foundation of the
American government.
'J'lie People Voran* itie Machine
Suffolk, V.l., Aug. 22, 1899.
It Is Indeed gratifying to those who
love the time-honored principles of De?
mocracy to observe that the patriotic
impulses of the people have been awak?
ened throughout the old Dominion, and
that till lovers of right. Justice and hu?
manity are falling Into line to b.ittie
against the oflliv trust. The will of the
people, upon which r^sts the funda?
mental principles of the Republic, will
stand out in bold relief and the ignoble
efforts of the machine will b? thwarted,
The machine, fearing adverse results,
in everywhere trying to stifle the voice
of the people. The plain, honest people
are becoming Impatient, and are sorely
perplexed at the obnoxious methods
practiced at every county seat by the
little squad known as the machine or
oftlco-holding class. The people want a
change, and Ihcy propose to smash the
machine and let honor, dignity nnd fair
play reign. The time has arrived when
the people want new leaders?lenders
who arc In sympathy with lite masses
and are willing !?> trust them.
In Nansomond the people are over?
whelmingly In favor of Tyler for Sen?
ator. If a vote could be pulled to-mor?
row the result would be in keeping with
the recent vote In Southampton. The
voice of the people should be heard, and
we should have for political leaders
men of clean record, who will regard
office holding a sacred trust. The old
tricksters, wire-pullers and henchmen,
ffhotild go and go quick. The people are
tired of imposition. I.et everybody take
position tinder the Tyler banner and
light for honor, manhood and country.
1 he Orange Comity I'rliwiry.
Orange C. II.. Va., Aug. Jit. 1*90.
Editor VIrglnian-Pllot:
I desire to say a word or two in re?
gard to the primary in Orange county
in reply to the statement made by Mr.
Williams In your columns a few days
ago. I am the gentleman who ran
against Mr. Williams In that primary,
and who advocated Governor Tyler's
election. I was a spectator at the meet?
ing of the County Committee held a
lew days before the election. 1 saw
then that this committee was in a
feverish haste to have the primary over
with before Governor Tyler's friends
CO?Id get together. They first ordered
it on a live days' notice, but as one
gentleman thought that this was ton
much of a snap judgment, it was fixed
at ten days. I saw that it was all be?
ing tlxed against the possibility of Gov?
ernor Tyler's case getting well before
the people, and 1 concluded right then
and there that I would give them some
trouble by announcing myself it can?
didate; and, in a few days thereafter.
I did announce myself a candidate.
Which only gave me live days in which
to arrange for the primary. 1 could
not canvass well one precinct of the!
county In this time. They claimed to
have beaten nie by l"t votes In the elec?
tion. At one precinct the polls were j
closed at 5 o'clock, the sun being then
two and a half hours high. Thoy claim
to have beaten me there three votes.
Six men came up after Ihe polls were
closed to vote for me. and were not
allowed to VbtC. Had they voted, I
would have carried this precinct. I be?
lieve that thseo-fourtha of tin- people
of this county are for Tyler; and If once
they understand thoroughly the sharp
turns that are being taken up.m the
Governor, they will demand new Dem?
ocratic bfllrlais, and beat the present
candidate by an overwhelming ma?
jority. The ballots of that primary
have never yet been Ofllclally counted.
Of course they may all be done In a
regular way; but any man that loves
fair play cannot help but feel that the
people of orange were not wanted In
the naming ef a candidate, although
they may want them pretty badly to
elect him in November. 1 am not writ?
ing tiiis as complaining, or as a sore
hcad, but, simply to state facts. i de?
cided to run merely to disturb their
pretty little scheme as I saw It; and I
think 1 su oeed.-d in at least giving
tln-m a pretty good scare.
A Ntenmer on rire.
(By Telegraph to Virginian-Pilot.)
Cleveland, O., August UC.?A dispatch
from Palnesvllle, O., says that a steam?
er was s.-en on lire off Falrport about 1
..'.-!? |{ IrO-nlght. Tugs and- the life
saving crew have gone out to the ves?
sel, which appears to bo helpless and
drifting. The name of the boat I? not
known, but It may be the City of Erie,
which left h?r<? for Hllffalo at S o'clock
with more than a thousand passengers
on bo:,rd.
A dispatch received from Fairport at
midnight says the burning steamer Is
a freight boat- The big passenger
steamer City of Erie, which was at
first thought to have been on lire, pass?
ed the drifting wreck shortly before 11
o'rlock nnd was distinguished by her
crarchllghts. The- name of the- burning
ship has not been learned.
(Continued from FJrsfc-Page.)
Maurel confirmed the explanations of
Captain Freystntter and what the lat?
ter I'ad said in regard to Colonel
Maurel. The latter replied:
"I answer with all frankness and all
truth. I only listened to the readltlg/>f
the documents very absently; it was
not Interesting." (Shouts of ,,Oh, Oh."
and much laughter.)
in conclusion Captain Valeric declar?
ed the court n >w had in Its iwssesslon
material moot' of the prisoner's guilt.
When Dreyfus was asked the usual
(tuestIon. the prisoner pointed out that
the evidence of Caotalu Valeric was
only a repetition of M. Bertlllon's and
that, consequently, his reply to the lat?
ter applied equally to Valeric
Reference having been mode to. doc?
tored words in minutes written by him
at the War Office. Dreyfus pointed out
that those minutes were written in the
presence of witness. He also dwelt upon
the- fact that he had already acknowl?
edged the geniiiness of the "blotting
pad letter," which he reatrirmed, add?
ing that the hypothesis that he doc?
tored the bordereau in order to have
nie ins of defense fell to tho ground of
itself, since he had never attempted to
turn the system to use. (Sensation.)
"All M. Bertlllon's measures are false.
All. without exception," excaimed the
prisoner vehemently, amid excitement.
The witness, concluded with saying:
"That is all. Monsieur Le President. I
remember nothing else."
Captain Freyetatter was then re
quesled to definitely gtve hie recollec?
tions concerning the production of a
secret document at the court-martial
of 1S94. His manner wus quiet and col?
lected as he replied:
"Not only did 1 see them, but I assert
Colonel Maurel had them in his hands,
and what Is more, 1 assert that ho
made a commentary on each document
as it passed through Iiis hands." (Im?
mense sensation.)
Colonel Maurel, very pale, vigorously
protested against the use It the word
"commentary," which caused laughter.
"I could not have acted ns Captain
Freystnetter asserts." said Maurel. "I
was too conscious of my duty to allow
myself to Influence In any way the
judges, w hose president I was."
Addressing Colonel Jouaust, Captain
Freystnetter Said:
"My excuse for my attitude, my Col?
onel, Is my Ignorance of the legal regu?
lations. 1 did not know at nil that It
was forbidden to make any communi?
cation In the Judges' room." (Sensa?
More 'Vi r April Sth last, I wrote to
Colonel Maurel clearly explaining
everything 1 Intended to do, when I
learned It was Irrettular to communi?
cate a document In the Judges' rooms."
Colonel Maurel admitted the truth of
tili statement.
M. Labor! requested the judges to
note thai no contradiction was offend
to Captain Fn ystatin's statement that
the Panixzardi telegram of November
2d was communicated privately to the
judges in IStM: and under these <? r
cumstances, General Moreter having
testified that he hud given an order
that the telegram should not be com?
municated, and whereas he had also
testified that the order was carried out.
Counsel begged the president of the
court to ask General Mereler for ex?
planations concerning the statement,
which entirety contradicted his evi?
dence. (Great sensation.)
General Mercler, who hnd pnld rapt
attention to what was going on. pointed
out that Captain Freystatetter had
spoken of an action of treason alleged
to have been described at the 1S9I court
martial ns having been committed by
Dreyfus at the Pyrotechnic School, add?
ing that Freystatler "seemed to retain
very exact recollection of the docu?
ments communicated" and asked what
was referred to ill the letter men?
Captain Freystatler: "it referred to
a shell. I see the document perfect In
my mind's eye."
General Mercler: "So, captain Frey
stattcr is caught In the very act of ly?
ing." (Loud protests.)
"I repeat It," the General continued
cooly, amid renewed protests.
"As a matter of fact, the Robin shell
to which lie refers was only adopted by
Germany in IS96. Wo were only Ill
formed of the act of treason in 1S96."
Capt, Freystaetter adhered to his
Statement that a shell was mentioned in
the commentary submitted to the Gen?
erals in 1S94.
(Jen. Mercler: "As for the telegram
of November 2, I maintain that it was
not communicated to the court of 1S94."
Capt. Freystaetter: "I am certain
that there was a telegram with the
words: "Dreyfus is arrested; emissary
warned." There was something also
which I do not remember, As regards
the reply. General Mercler has Ju^t
made to me, I insist l have not said
there was a document mentioning a
particular shell, but simply a com
mentary referring to an act of treason
in connection with it shell, f do not
know if that effected the evidence of
the prosecution. But I have only tes?
tified to that of which 1 am strictly cer?
General Mercler reiterated that It was
Impossible to communicate in 1S94 con?
cerning the Robin shell.
M. Labor! then said: "In view of
the Incidents occurlng, I must insist
once more. Monsieur Le President, that
tha condition of Col. Dil Paty de Clan?
be > xamlnod into by impartial physi?
cians. Gen. Mercler has stated that
the packet c >nt.lining the secret doeu
ITii II w as prepared by Col. Du Futy de
Gen. Mercler Interrupting: "Pardon
me; I said l had learned from General
De Bolsdefre that the package was
bi >ughl by Col. Du Paty de Clam. But
I also naid Cd. Sandherr prepared the
package." (Sensation).
M. Laborl: "Always the dead Sand
herr, the dead Itenry, the dead?their
testimony is constantly being heard."
Col. Jouaust protested again these
words as being out of order, and
Laborl resumed his seat In silence. This
Incident, which terminated with the
evidence of Capt. Freystaetter. caused
an Immense Impression on the au
dlence. The Dreyfusarda were jubi?
M. Pnraf-Javal, a draughtsman, was
call l for the defense. He was accom?
panied by a blackboard, upon which he
!?:? 'posed to refute a portion of M. Ber?
tlllon's problems. Tho witness said.
?mtd laughter, that the demonstration
would occupy no less than two hours,
lie then proceeded to chalk a number
of callgraphio sign? on the blackboard,
and presented the court photographs of
the writing of the bordereau and the
prisoner's handwriting, pointing out
their dissimilarities arid entering into
elaborate explanations which were not
concluded when, at U:50 a. m., the court

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