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IPdaiiy ? pilot.
.^.''(Connolldated Mar^Jggj_ -Entered'.' at' the" Postofflce at Norfolk, Vtf.? as Becond-claaB mMter._, S& .OFFICE: PI?)? B"iV?Na' jjr- < CITY HALL AVENUE, NORFOLK, VA. OFFICERS: . ' A. H, Grandy, President; W S. WHk ^InV?n. Treasurer; James E. Allen, Sccrc BOARD OF DIRECTORS: Jamc? E.; Allen. D. F. Donovan. ^7? i.' xmkke ?e?ts pkk co 1"y. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: 1***? VUlOINIAN-PILOT la delivered to f?P&tt?Tby carrleV. in Norfolk and -ivTcialty, Portsmouth. Berkley SfitolK West'. Norfolk, Newport News, for 30 .'cents.per week, payable to tne carrier. (By' mall; to any placo In tho United ? States, postage free: JDAIJiT, ono yosr - - tU.OO \'. frlatmouih? ? 14 litre* montlw - - '?f*0 u nne nionlti ? " ? ?ao ADVERTISING RATES: Advertise. | ments Inserted at the rate of *!E cants a Square, first insertion; each subsequent Insertion 40 cents, or 60 cents when in? serted Every Other Day. Contractors ore ?' rot tdlcwed to exceed their spaco or ad? vertise other than their legitimate busi? ness/ except by paying especially for tbe same. : Reading Notices Invariably 20 cents per ; Udo first insertion. Each subsotjuent in? sertion 15 cents._ fl No employee of the Vlrglnian-Pllot Pub? lishing Company Is authorized to contract '"any obligation in tho name of tho com? pany, or to liioke purchases In the name '--of tho same, except upon orders signed by tho PRESIDENT OF THE COMPANY. In order to avoid delays, on account of personal absence, letters and all commu? nications for Tho VIRGINIAN-PILOT : ehoul? not be addressed to any individual I connected with tho oftlco, but simply to 'The VIRGINIAN AND PILOT PUB . LISHING COMPANY. EIGrHT PAGES ^V^'SATUlUpA.Y, SEPTEMBER 2. 1S?0 A FREE PRESS IS THE FOE OF "WRONG. p% The Virginian Bill of Rights declares that "the freedom of the press Is one ? -of the groat bulwarks of liberty." That '?} is' true. Where the press is not free, S there 1b no liberty, and a venal or ser? vile .press is one of the most dangerous V' engines that can be employed to de }?:.;' ptroy liberty and keep men slaves. Yet the declaration of our Bill of Rights Is often misunderstood, and it Is quoted .In.many cases as If It said "the press Ja one of tho great bulwarks of liberty," ,, whereas tho press Is frequently tho ? fortress of tyranny, oppression and nil . public abuses. pv';Tt'is Jot the press, but tho freedom of the press, that is n. groat bulwark o?>.liberty; and It Is Important to keep '->'..'i^liis distinction In mind. A press Ja /. mot free that is bribed' and corrupted, :ti or intimidated; or that for any reason v ia subservient to government, or itB 1 administration, or the powers that be. ??\ .The fawning supporter, defender and applauder of rulers, through thick and .' thin, do what thuy may, cannot be free ,Vf-Itself, nor cat: it in any degree con !;'i."Bititute a bulwark or liberty, but is, on t.^;'?the contrary, a part of the machinery . of despotism; and how true all this Is, f'f .ln splto of our history, traditions, con etitutlonn, institutions nnd boasted *V8nfSBlon of human freedom, Is shame ?A Sully proved and illustrated by the i ;'apostate and prostituted press thatto : id ay shouts for bloody subjugattion In the Philippines, demands a strong Btandlng army, applauds Imperialism, mocks at self-government antl the con y eeni of the governed, truculently rtl-irontonct free speech, leers nt ?11 th.? principles und professions of American liberty and Independence, nnd bullies ' fcoth patriotism nnd piety with the 'i';imanners, morals and incphitic phrases fl tit Dollticol leprosy. -t A, free press ia a glorious organ of itruth nnd right; and even If it err, It ? provides its own corrective In muin V? itaining freedom and independence of s^ithought, dlscusskn and opinion. (Where these are not, brute force prc '??': avails, nnd the brutal rules In all our ' mentality, morality and sentlmontal .?'?'. Ilty. Brute force reigns nt Manila; the im press is gagged and cannot draw a free ? ibreath, or tell tho truth; and it brutal policy bears sway in all things?civil iond military. "Congress shall make no law abridging free speech, or the free \ Iflom. of the press," says the Const it u .s^.JUon. of the United States; but "inter m.rm/!S leges sllunt,"?and ho is the ,??3press. Yet not for the indulgence of : =tho mere caprlco of arbitrary power, or brute force and instincts. There thrust bo efficient reasons. And these (tire lacking, as it is far more Important that the American public should know khe whole truth at Manila and in the ^Philippines than that an incompetent jGeneral should suppress the evidence ' f his own Incompetence. The muzzled ^end censored press at Manila testillcs, tWspit* of Otis, by tho very silence he linforccs, that he regards the truth us iijipra the ally of Agulnald.o than him eelf! What a confession! ||:.But that is the confession of nil who BWuld in,any degree seduce, intimidate, Jiio^pol; or mislead the press. H Is ^reclamation, indeed, at home. In " p|ace7'?nd in civil and political mat- I ?sVfthat THE TRUTH AND THE PLE ARE ALLIES AGAINST j ^DOMINANT MISRULE. WHICH RDS BOTH AS ENEMIES ??MUST BE KEPT SEPARATE! s -'-_ '. , r?z rofr?eClam Is In such demand in I Mfjtbnt pate de folo gras, must be p4r^f;'on the inavhet.?Norfolk Land . A CRYING INJUSTICE. J , If there may be some excuse for the war-tax on iobacco-manufa?tures, why shah -tobacco.; a natural product of this "section, be subjected,: in the natural leaf, us the planter cuts and cures It, as any other agricultural product Is prepared for market, to a heavy Federal Internal revenue Im? post and Jta stringent regulations? Why shall this burden be imposed on Virginia and the adjacent Southern Staitos? Why not distribute it equita? bly upon hay, wheat, corn, rye, oats, potatoes, &c. The use of tobacco, forsooth, is a bad habit, say some physiologists and moralists; it is a waste and extrava? gance, hold some economists; but the people have decided both these points In favor Of tobacco, and It is really a question if any absolute necessary of life produces more comfort, pleasure and solace than tobacco. It is one of the chief wants and demands of the people, and they who cultivate It should be treated fairly. Notwithstanding the ever increasing demand for tobacco, Virginia produces annually only one-half the quantity she did before the -war, and the reasons are to?be found In the heavy taxes and stringent restrictions upon tobacco and its sale. The people of this State lose every year, on account of the Injustice of the Federal Internal revenue, be? tween 10,000,000 and $7,000,000, In tobac? co alone, $3,500,000 annually In reduced production by reason of heavy taxes and restrictions on the sale nnd man? ufacture of tobacco and $11,000,000 an? nually on account of tnxes on leaf to? bacco, which Inevitably come out of the planters, although nominally put upon the denlers in tobacco, In fact, the plnnters bear the whole burden of the tobacco restrictions and taxes and it Is this consideration (In large part) which makes the 'dealers and manufac? turers bear with so much equanimity and philosophy burdens which are only nominally theirs. It has long boon no? ticed how patiently we enduro the af? flictions of others! But why do the tobacco growers of the land so quietly suffer these enor? mous exactions? They are actually crfmoB In a so-called free government of the people. To place tobacco In the category of Intoxicating drinks is an insult thai should be resented, not only by the growers of the plant and nil dealers in it and manufacturers of It, but the millions of lovers of "the weed." Surely a victim of Injustice which has so many friends can se? cure relief by their united action. The tobacco growers of the country ought to make a loud outcry and a strenuous battle for a fair deal, and all restrictions nnd impost! on the sale of loaf-tobacco, the unmanufactured, product, should be removed, and the planter put upon an equal footing with other agriculturists. Corn, rye and other agricultural products are largely manufactured Into whiskey, beer and other distilled and fermented liquors that are subject to the Internal 'reve? nue; yet none of them are subjected to the burdens put on leaf tobacco, and why should it be so mercilessly im? posed upon by the Federal government, or any party? SILVER IS THE CONSTITUTION. Our morning local contemporary is still offering to sit up nights with air. Bryan and the Democratic party, who still exhibit strong symptoms of the sil? ver-issue. That is true; but the silver issue Is the ilnnnclal issue, the money-issue, the currency-issue, the mnnopoly-lssue, the imperial-Issue, the prospcrlty-lssue and other related Is? sues, nil in one,?as It Is the control and monopoly of money upon which they all depend. Our contemporary ought to study the case more cio.st.-iy and thoT oughly, and then It will find that what It mistakes for a mere cutaneous brenk ing-out, requiring only superficial treat? ment, is a constitutional malady, caus? ed by Republican maladministration, and only to bo cured by giving to tho scat of the disease, which threatens tho very life and liberty of the people. It Is Indeed a light for more money, which silver can and will supply; but It is also n fight for free coinage, free competition,?free currency, against monopoly, for both silver and erold, and for liberty, States' rights nnd the Amer? ican principles that abhor military des? potism, standing armies, foreign al? liances and entanglements and the en? tire kit and outfit of this Hnnnnlsm that comprises all sorts of departures from constitutional and American prin? ciples. It Is not silver, but what, silver stands for, that the Oontorraey and Mr. Bryan are for: the constitution, the blessings of liberty and the general wel? fare. MORE IGNORANCE. Referring to (he controversy between tho N. Y. Times and the N. V. Sun about the gold-standard, the Norfolk Landmark says: "If our statutes are in mich condi? tion that two of the leading sound money newspapers of Hie country are unable lo agree as to the lime when tho gold standard was established, there should bo no delay In removing all doubt by (he passage of a measure whose terms cannot bo misunderstood. If the coming Congress does not adopt this course, there will be trouble." But what are we to say of a so-called Democratic newspaper which agrees that the go)d-?tand.u.l is established by law in the United States? It la true (as the N. Y. Sun contends) that the gold-dollar was made our standard of value by tho act of February 12, 1873, the act which demonetized sliver; but the first act (that of 1878) which direct? ed the purchaso of so much silver monthly and its coinage into standard I silver dollars,also restored the silver standard dollar to lb 'full equality with tho . gold standard dollar,''except that the not contained a clause (held to he unconstitutional and Inoperative by our best lawyers) authorising " special1 con? tracts, in writing, stipulating for pay? ment in gold coin, of the United States. No subsequent act has altered the status of tho sliver dollar. " 'Militarism* means an establish? ment, military and naval, adequate to the needs of thu United Slates of 1S39. 'Standing armies' means a well-dis? ciplined, well-equipped, well-organized army. The men who object to these ne? cessary appliances of a great modern power are welcome to live on acorns and run wild In woods. The United States Is going ahead."?N. Y. Sun. "We are sorry to hear that "trie United States is going ahead." It is not the business of tho United States to go ahead, or get ahead, of the iTeopIc, or the States; nor It Is any part of the design of Its creators thp*. it should be "a great modern power." The powers and purposes of the United States are distinctly detlned In the Federal consti? tutional by "we the people"?the same people who created the States and the Union; and the Slate militia Is the only "necessary appliance," of a milr itary character and permanent nature, provided for by our fundamental Fed? eral institute, to be employed In the service of tho United States, on due cull, still under the command of officers of the respective States. } All tho earlier Presidents testify to this, and also to the sulllclency nnd ef? ficiency of the system,?regular armies to he raised and employed by the United States when necessary, in great emergencies, and to bo disbanded when the emergency has passd. The right ambition of 'the Union and Its people is not to bo "a great modern power," but "a great modern Republic," ?well described by Sir William Jones in "An Ode In invitation of Alcaeus:" "What constitutes a State? Not high raised battlement or labor'd mound, Thick wall or moated gate; Not cities proud with spires and turrets crown'd; Not bays and broad-arm'd ports, Where, laughing ut the storm, rich navies ride; Not starr'd and spangled courts, Where low-brow'd baseness wafts'per? fume to pride. No: men, high-minded men, With powers as far above dull brutes endued In forest, brake, or don, j\s beasts excel cold rocks and brambles rude; Men who their duties know, Bill know their rights, and, knowing, durc maintain, Prevent the long-aimed blow. And crush the tyrant wlplo they rend the chain: These constitute a State, And sovereign Law, that State's col? lected will, O'er thrones and globes elate, Sits empress, crowning good, repressing 111." We can dispense with the appliances of "a great modern power, as well as "the gilded trappings of a tinseled court." Silence is consent ,and often it nlds a man, or a measure, or a movement, much bolter than speech, or anything, that would force or attract particular attention. And surely the campaign of Mr. Martin Is Itself silence, as he him? self Is silence personified. Hut the sl lence that acquiesces In that gentle? man and his methods?In the political system that once made him a Senator and again seeks to Impose him on Vir? ginia and Virginians, are as guilty as any Guy Fawkos of the plot. Thank God for Deweyi He has not stained ills glory with the blood of Fii ipinoes,?the brave and faithful allies of lila country and his licet In defeat l.ir Kpnln In th,-. Kast. We can all ap? plaud the hero of Manila, without call? ing him to account; for what McKinley has done with the victory and Manila. Tho glory of Dewey is the shame of thi.-s administration. QPIWIOWSOF THE PRESS. Til t-lSKNATOHIAL It A< 1*. THE ISSUE INVOLVED. (Pulaskl News Review. In the present controversy in Ibis Slate Tyler Is working to preserve and to broaden the liberties of the people, while .Martin ignores and tieeks to de? feat their wishes. This is the. issue in? volved. Can any onojhesitate a mo? ment as his choice between the two men? GOV. TYLER AND THE PEOPLE. (Culpepcr enterprise.) This Is tho people's fight against the political machine. The election of Mr. Martin means a great victory for the ring politicians. Its effect will be far reach I ny. No one need aspire to office Without first securing the endorsement of the boss, for as the people are now ignored, not allowed (by the machine) to express their choice for a Senator to represent then' in the Congross of the United States, a machine made Legislature will forge a political ring so strong that it would take years to break it. The people should realize the danger and rally to the support of their lender, J. H?ge Tyler, the candi? date eL the people, and by the people, he can be elected. Tho power lies in the people. Which will they choose?a Senator to represent and guard the lnj lcrest of the people or one to represent, the politician and strengthen the po? litical machine? Our Governor is of the people; ho champions the people's cause; lie advocates the elect ion of U. S. Senator by popular vote. Our junior Sena tor refuses to give ihe people'a voice In tho election; ho la afraid of the people, for ho well knows If the peo? ple had had a voice In the election he would not' have been Senator, for everybody knows that the gallant Fltz hugh Lee was Ihe choice of the people, Martin the chosen leader of the poli? ticians. Mr. Martin was not, nor is he now, the choice of the people. No one- knows- It better than he and his clique, hence the people's cry for jus? tice 1? unheeded,/ 374 KVlAiEM STREET. lirs good All Wool Suits, suit? able for early Fall wear, being the remainder of our recent clearance sale, offered to close out quickly, THE ASSORTMENT EMBRACES THE FOLLOWING STYLES, PATTERNS AND DESIGNS, Men's Fast Dye Blue Serge Suits, usual price $14. > Men's Famous Barinockburn Suits, usual price $14. > Men's Nobby New Pin Check Suits, usual price $15. > Men's Double Twist Cheviot Suits, usual price $13. > Men's Stylish Covert Cloth Dress Suits, usual price $13 , Men's Tweed Finish Chevoit Suits, usual price $12. > Men's Fine Clay Worstead Suits, usual price $13. Men's Silk Mixed Cassimere Suits, usual price $14. * Men's New Fancy Check Suits, usual price $15. Men's Scotch Fancy Homespun Suits, usual price $15. Men's Black Clay Diagonal Suits, usual price $13. Men's Neat Vicuna Mixture Suits, usual price $12, Men's Double Yarn Plaid Suits, usual price $14. Men's Fine Worsted Dress Suits, usual price $14. Men's Plain Black English Serge Suits, usual price $12. Men's Natty Scotch Overplaid Suits, usual price $ 14. Men's Twisted Scotch Cloth Suits, usual price $15. Men's Smooth Surface Cassimere Suits, usual price $13. irs 's Fine FaBl Trousers, In light, medium and dark Worsteds, Cheviots, Cassimeres, Double Twists, etc., in elegant and dressy stripes, interwoven plain and check effects, mixtures, solid colors, navy blues and blacks?qualities which are generally retailed at $3 ; your choice at this sale for. THE CORRECT NEW FALL STYLES IN MEN'S HATS, Wo Arn Solu Norfolk Accutl Tor ihn CELEBRATED HILLER HAT Sale Men's Hose Men's new fancy striped regular made Calbriggan Half Hose?made to sell at - 0 25c, at only.. l?C Men's Genuine French Lisle Half Hose, in plain colors or fancy stripes?double heel and loe, high spliced heel; _ - worth 35c. pair, at... ?*OC Men's Extra Fine Real Mer? cerized Silk or Lisle and Silk Mixed Half Hose, in newest horizontal or vertical stripes and checks, worth $l er. pair, at. OUC SUSl'FNDFRS? Men's Fine Imported Elastic Web Suspen? ders?kid or web finish?nude to sell for 50c. pair, cyn go at. *uC Stetson's Fall Hats The foremost Hats in re? putation ? foremost in quality?foremost in style ?foremost in finish?su? perior to all other hats the exclusive dealers sell for $5?yet our price for these matchless Stetson's is only OUR NEW FALL FIFTH AVENUE DERBY A $4.00 HAT FOR $2.50 Is destined to be the most popular hat with Norfolk's fashionable dressers. Our Fall Soft Hat. A $3.00 HAT FOR S7.90 Although only a short lime before the public has already found a legion of wearers. 3?4 Main Street, Norfolk. As ninny persons have asked for n little more tl'Te to avail themselves of the re? duced rates f have been offering, I have decided to extend the time to September 10. Positively no one received at these rates after that date. The coming 2 or 3 months are probably Till-: REST IN TIIl-5 YEAH for treat? ment, being free from the extreme heat of summer and cold and snows of win? ter. DURING THESE FAVORABLE "MONTHS CATARRH' PA1TENTS RE? COVER MUCH PASTER THAN IN SEVERE WEATHER. For this reason l want as many CATARRH SUPFKKETfS as possible to BEGIN MY TREATMENT NOW und us nn inducf ment I AM OF PERING GREATLY REDUCED KATES; IN PACT, AHOllT HA1.K MY USUAL PRICE. PROVIDED YOU nEGIN HE. KORB SEPTEMBER H>. Can you afford to neglect this opportunity? If you have nny intention of taking treatment at all now Is the best iinie. Will you lit Catarrh ko on undermining your health when you can bo cured on such favorable terms? Has offices 1 and 2 No. 314 Main street. Norfolk, Va. Specialties: Catarrh and oil clisfnsos of Eye, Ear, Nose. Throat, Chcai and Stomach. Hours, 9 a, m. to 12:"0 p. m.; 2 p. m. to 0:30 p. m. Sunday Honrs, 10:30 a. m. to 12:30 p. rn. Tuesday night and Thursday night, 7:30 p. m. to S p. m. Consultation always free. Medicines furnished. Terms always moderate. Eyes examined for glasses free of charge. 5TENGIL GUTTERS, Kiihhrrnncl:Steel St amps. Railroad, Hotel, iiiiggnKe and llriiss Checks Seals, tladges, Stencil and Stnujp Ink.-., Pads, Daters, etc. PIKENIX stomp and siencii wpQc^; Job Printers, Cor. Nlvlson and Church Sts, NORFOLK Ml Ml 172 Church St., Near Main Surprise Sale T A flflunro lop, heavy canvass covered Trunk, heavy steel corners and clamps, stoi^l knees top nnd bottom, nil lined throughout, 2 trays. Iron bottom, $3oOO Special Sale of Dress Suit Gases 500 Dress Suit Cases Leatherette - - - $1.40 300 Dress Suit Cases Steel Frame - - - $2.25 100 Dress Suit Cases Leather - - - - $2.75 100 Dress Suit Cases Leather, Steel Frame, $3.75 "U'e carry an Immense slock of Trunks, Traveling Hags, Dress Suit Cases, Trav? elers' Supplies and Ladles' and Men's Fockctbooks. The Only Exclusive Trunk House in the City 172 Church St. near Main. J. H. COFER ?SHIPPER) OF- , Hay and Grain, C10 Citizens' Hank Building. Quick ehipment and saUsfactlon guar? anteed. THE VIRGINIA 272 Main Street. Headquarters for the cnly genuine French Vlonna and Homo Made Bread In ! the city. Fancy Cakes and Jc* CreRma or every description known to the nrt. Have you tried our sparkling Soda? All syrups drawn from glass Jura. Byrup I mado from fruit juices only. No extracts used A trial will convince you. In the. Cafe you can be servod with all tho delicacies of 4ho se?son prepared by b rencii Chefs. Specialties each Saturday, WATCH THE WINDOWS. PINEAPPLE SNOW I Ours is the Finest in Norfolk. Ice Cream and Ices Our rineapple Snow, Ice Cream and Ices are generally admitted to be the finest In Norfolk. Special prices for parties, excursions and lodges. De? livered free to nny part of Norfolk. Prices low as the lowest. Goods better than tho best elsewhere. NORFOLK GflNDY MI?, Southern Slates Phone 673, Je20-? 21 BANK ST. Attorneys: All forms of Court Bonds issued promptly in the AMERICAN BONDING AND TRUST CO. Call at office of the: OR 'PHONE 23S. BEFORE THE WAR, PLEASE SEND ME A ROAST OF BEEF SINCE THE WAR, SEND ME A ROAST OF HOME KILLED BEEF No danger, we have none but our own killed Beef, Veal, Lamb and Pork, Lard, Saussage, etc. OPEN ALL DAY, BOTH PHONES. J.S. Bell, Jr.&Co., Cornor Queen aYid Church Sts. OU> PHONE 535. NEW. PHONE 10W. Summer Is Gone * Wash Goods to Keep You ? Cool With it/ Autumn is Here And Wool Goods to keep 1 You Warm, ABOUT I have 40'different styles to pni TC , 8ho\v you,In prices to suit all COATS. In want. Capes. In Golf, Plush and ClotU Ulankots?Sllvor, Grey, Red nnfl White. Dress tdninga In tho leading Btyles and qualities. . Just In, a largo line of Underwear, in Gentlemen'.* Ladles' and Children,'s. Corsets In tho lending makes?R, & G., Kubo. W. 13. und tho American Lady. Don't forget our Embroidery ftnd Laeo Department. Many other goods not space to mention. Call and examine tho stook, L. H. Whitehurst, 336 MAIN STREET. New Phone 857,_ BOZIER'S Peau de Sole, Satin Duchesse, Armure and Taffeta Silks. If you are interested in either of these four classes ot black I silks we cordially invite you to come and see them in the new store. Remember, in price we are on a level with the lowest. Handsome heavy black Peau de Soie Silk, 21 inches wide, price #1 a yard. The entire range $\.2$% $i.?0, 581,75 and #2. Nothing- wears so well as this. Rich, fine quality bril? liant satin Duchesse, 23 inches, price SI. The whole range 7fc, 89c, $1.2*. $i.SO and ,$1.75. Nothing- ' so rich as this. - Exlra fine black tafl'eta silk, 23 inches, 85c. Other prices, 59c, 7Jc, and #1.25. Nothing renders the subtle rustle like this. 21-inch soft, deep black armure silk, 75c. and 89c Proper thing for mourning. 206 Main St., Norfolk, Va ACADEMY OP MU3IC BUILDING. ???BnOBBBBBB BEST CHANGE ON P. K. SKIRTS $2,50 WHITE P. K, SKIRTS AT $1,25. Of excellent quality White P. K., tailor-made, deep 10-inch hems?the same identical skirts that we sold at #2.50 and lately $\.98 special. We closed out all Ihe maker had. Special To-morrow, $9.25. BENJ, LOWENBERG, NORFOLK'S COSTUMER, 34 Granby Street. Old 'phone SS3 Ii The Mouticello Corner. To Early Fall Buyers An attractive sprinkling of . choice novelties and staple values, Broken Plaids, Home? spun Effects, Plain Homespuns, Cheviots, &c. A specialty in all-wool, 54 in., at 75c. Our Black Goods Depart? ment thoroughly up to date. A large assortment of the new? est Mourning Effects. Mitim tav DO YOU KNOW , MHKT? RENOVATING HAIR MATTRESflE3. We have all kinds In stock, and made of best materials. _ _ . WIIjLARD E. BROWN. I ' ? * ? m M?JA ttwA