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"?>',.?.? ~BYTHE~ ?' >' iWft^filH'? AND DAILY PILOT. " , (CongoUdatea March, 1S38.)_ ffl? Entered' at ' the Fostofflco at Norfolk, ? ? Va..;?'aa Becond-claea matter: _ OBFICH: PILOT BUILDING, .CITY HALL AVENUE, ^ NORFOLK, VA._ OFFICERS: ' A. H> Grandy, President; W. S. ? Wllk ? InBon, Treasurer! James E. Alien, Secre? tary, BOARD OF DIRECTORS: ? A. ?. a randy, L D, Starke, Jr. j T, W. fhelton, tf. Wi Shult'.ce.. W. 8. Wilkinson, am?? E. Aden. D. P. Donovan. T il RHU (IKK't'.l 1'iiiicory. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: The VIRGINIAN-PILOT Is dollvcrod to subscribers by carrlera In Norfolk and . vlciplty, Portsmouth, Berkley Suffolk. , West Norfolk. Newport News, for 10 cents por week, payable to. me carrier. By raatl, to any place in the United States, postage free; DAU.Y, out year - - - 80.00 " ?Izuioulhi ... a,00 " tliree nxontli* - l.SO '* tine ma in li . * . ?>'? .no ADVERTISING BATES: Advertise. ? mcnts inserted at the rate of 75 ccrma a Square, first insertion; each subsequent insertion 40 cents, or 60 cents when In? serted Every Other Day. Contractors are 'not allowed to exceed their space or ad? vertise other than their lcglUmato busi? ness, except by paying especially for the tame, ? Beading Notices Invariably 20 cents per fine first Insertion. Eacli subsequent in? sertion 15 cents. No employee of tho Virglnlan-Pilot Pub? lishing Company Is authorised to contract any obligation in the name oi tho com? pany, or to uiake purchases In tho name of the same, except upon orders signed liy the.PRESIDENT OP THE COMPANY. In order td avoid delays, on account of personal absence, letters and all commu? nications for Tho VIRGINIAN-PILOT should not be addressed to any individual connected with tho office, but simply to Tha V1BG1NIAN AND PILOT PUB? LISHING COMPANY,_. SIXTEEN PAGES SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 1SE19. CO-OPERA*! ")N VERSUS COMPE? TITION. Co-operation Id not only a useful prin? ciple, but a necessary one, and as uni? versal in nature as the attraction of gravitation. Gravlta lion is Itself a form of co-operation, and order which is said to be the chief law of the universe is (founded in co-operation. Without co? operation throughout creation, order could not exist, chaos would prevail, and, instead of evolution and develop? ment, we should have general discord, collision and wreck. Meu learned at an early stage of their being that they had to chooso between j mutual extermination and mutual co? operation; and hence human govern? ment, in some form or other, and its laws. But this led to oligarchy, men-, archy and finally absolute despotism. The mutual, co-operativo principle and j purpose were forgotten, or perverted, and a divine and hereditary authority was Invented and enforced. Personal | liberty, being surrendered for equal and common freedom, this was betray-| ed by treachery and usurpation either to n sole tyrant, or to a combination of j men who erected themselves Into a privileged class and made one of their number chief ruler; and thus came kings, omporors and a hereditary nobil? ity or aristocracy. This breach of trust has always been resented by the people, and often rc ? elated, with varying success,?resulting usually In the subjection of tho people ". to the military rule of a standing army, ? or in compromises by constitutional agreement, which limited the powers of the rulers and enlarged tho privileges r of the commonalty. In this country, our patriotic ancestors wisely and ' bravely set up a Republic of Federntod Slates under a constitutional system of representative self-government of! the people, by the people for the | people. In this system, the most . perfect known to man, personal liberty, common and equal privilege, Slate in ' dependence and Federal co-operation are co-ordinated. And so our political und civil affairs and interests are so /sagaciously provided for, that all is ?well, If the constitution and the laws enacted In pursuance thereof arc cn forced by the common-sense and virtue of a vigilant people. But in our material, commercial aVid ? ?nnhcial concerns wo are not so fort j'.unate; and the cause of this, at bottom. ? is that commerce, finance, and business ? generally, being based op money and its profits and losses, have no country, little patriotism, less politics, and have small concern in freedom, principle, policy, or law, except as they may af? fect trade. The people, however, arc awakening to the Important truth that liberty Itself may be sacrificed to trade, " If they do not be careful; and they are studiously discovering that trade, like / ?everything else that touches the pub-j . lie, even personal liberty itself, nuts; fca wisely restrained and regulated, or 'Its: freedom, so-called, will become the i.'",worst possible tyranny. :; ; Co-operation and combination are necessary for some great enterprises; j^'they are useful and allowable for many ! gjgood-and lawful purposes; but the jYjntwnent they are employed to iiitimi ^'?Vjflate, restrain, coerce, prevent, or de? stroy free competition with themselves; j cr to limit tho production or sale 1 /1 pother/if. or In anywise control labor, &-^plU3, .'material, production, sale, or ||ra^^|iitorcBtcd in these, against their they becomo danger *Wift jnjurjojia and unlawful, Interfer ing -with the freedom of trade and.,the rindlYldUal. aKalnst.tho; public policy o? frco competition and to the detriment of the community. Within cortdln lim? its, "co-operation and combination- are among; the rights oC men, if they be for any lawful purpose, provided they do not Infringe on the equal rights of others, or menace the salus popull; but thero are limits that become unlawful (or should be made so), when their very magnitude, extent and power become so great ns to threaten' and defy gov? ernment, ipso facto, and. no man dare to cross their path. Elephants, lions, tigers and other animals become un? lawful by their strength and nature, and aro not permitted; and so where any association of men,' capital and power, by co-operation and combina? tion may becomo unrestralnable, they must be forbidden or put under due restraint in time. Monopoly is the monster now grow? ing up among us and developing all the traits that have caused it to be outlawed in all enlightened and free 1 communities, ancient and modern. It Is the deadly foe of all free competi? tion, and is the most unscrupulous and I ferocious' of tyrants. Human freedom dies whore competition is destroyed; and that is at once the great error and evil in trade which does not leave com? petition free to combat it. Truth, right, liberty, prosperity and progress all perish under the baleful rule of monopoly. MORE MONEY. The people want more money, says an esteemed contemporary. That is a very nutural'waiu shared in by a grunt many people. But the only way to sup? ply the want Is to go to work and earn it. There Is no instance on record where wishing Tor It every brought it.?Pe? tersburg Index-Appeal. More money is a sine qua non?the essential condition precedent of more work, better wages, new enterprises, higher prices, greater values, a freer circulation of currency, an easier mon? ey-market, better credit and more ac tfvo exchanges and transactions of every kind. But, gays our contempora? ry If people want money, "the only way to supply the want Is to go to work and earn It." That, however, Is putting the cart before the horse and reversing the order of things. Work and wages must bo llrst supplied before the people can work. SHU, as our contemporary Is so blind to the most obvious things, we must hot expect it to see this.. The pen pic want more money and a grcut deal of it. Iii many of the Stales they prac? tically have no money at all, and no currency, and In Southwestern Vir? ginia the people have long been reduc? ed to barter. Even in the city of New York the Financier tells us that "call money," on ilrsl-class commercial-pa? per, is at C1^ per cent. In New England wages aro falling, working force re? duced, factorlos closing. The repeal of the silver demonetiza? tion net of 1S73 would largely contrib? ute to the "more money" the people want. A circulating medium, not n commodity. Is what is desired; and in such quantity that it will sock invest? ment, create now .enterprises, make de? mand for labor, raise wages, enhance prices, increase values. The remoncti zation of silver will go a long may to this; but the Treasury is full, and ils surplus millions should be paid out to reduce the national debt and reduce our Interest charge. The moment money Is plentiful, the people will get 11; but not before; as long as "call money" is at 6U. per cent, on first-class commercial paper in New York city, what must be the monetary condition of the great mnsses of the people all over the land? .More money is the demand everywhere, except Where the scarcity of money makes It harvest-time with (he moneyed-men. Break the money-corner, ns Letter's wheat corner was broken. More wheat from Iis natural and proper sources spoilt Leiter'? game, and more money will spoil the game of the currcney-con tractlonlsts. If the Index-Appeal does not know this, the people know It. TRAFFIC IN POLITICS. The worst feature of the existing po j litlcol condition in the United States Is its eye to trafllc. But Into what rela? tions of life has not trnlllc thrust it? self, established its boards of trade and exchange, and posted its quotations? Money and its trail is over all things, and its seductive chink attracts every 'ear. and is heard In the holiest pre? cincts] Parties and politics, however, have become a llxed and distinct branch of commerce?and the lowest of them nil. The markets of beef and cattle, hogs and bacon, and the like, are clean and respectable ui m pa red with the politi? cal and party pens and slaughter? houses. Principle in politics Is now quoted at par with love in matrimony. "To win" Is the thing] to bo right is to bo wrong, ns it usually loses. Of course, the man who said "I'd rather be right than be President," never was Presi? dent. But where are the moral and pious elements, that wo are told are now [ abounding In the world more than ever before? Why do they not show up In parties and politics? What side are they on? Alas, we fear Hint religion and politics don't mix. ... Liberty Includes Independence, as de? pendence excludes freedom. AffUlnal do and the Filipino, .s have been study? ing the American dictionary of the edi? tion of 1TTG, and refuse to learn from the revised and expurgated- imperial edition of ISfjf) by Hanno, McKinley & Co* Washington. Vile has been there before," it la said of Mr. Martin. ? ? NO COMPROMISE POSSIBLE I have Insisted at ail times and In all' places tliat the money question will bo before the country until bimetallism la restored. 1 have repeated over and over again that this nation must act alone, without waiting for the aid 'or consent of any other nation, and that 1G to 1 Is the only ratio at which the mints can bo opened. 1 have never for one moment thought a compromise desirable or possible.? \V. J. Bryan. That Is true. Nono but ill-Informed, or very superficial, persons can differ with Mr. Bryan in what we quote from him. But there are many other Issues, as Mr. Uryan will readily agree, upon which no compromise is possible?some of much more Importance than the re? storation of silver to Its constitutional place. No compromise is possible with the judicial usurpation which attempts to govern by injunction; none with monopoly, or the attempt to destroy free competition; none with corporate pretensions to be exempt from govern? ment or superior to if, none with the machinations of the banks to obtain control of the sovereign prerogatives of coining, making and issuing money; none with the militarism that would abolish the Stute militia and substitute a large Federal standing army! none with imperialism and Its negation of republicanism, personal freedom, self government and home-rule; none with the colonial system and its policy of inferior dependences and provinces; none with colossal corporations, com? bines or trusts that defy govern men t, or attempt, or threaten, to do so, by their aggregation and consolidation of capital, power and Influence at Home and abroad; and none with nny party, policy, principle, practice, proposition, or power that menaces our constitu? tional government, .State or Federal, in its eouul popular sovereignly. With all of these there is no compro? mise possible; and yet all of them? every one of them?confront us ns dis? tinctly, audaciously and dangerously ns the golden mono-mctalllsm behind which skulks the money-trust with Its banking monopoly of currency, credit und values, nnd a free and unlimited and exclusive issue of unsecured prom? ises to pay. Of course, tliis money-Issue, touching every man's pocket, and in some re? spects his life and living, is the most personal and pressing issue that forces Itself on attention; but It is far less important than other Issues, because we can really get on and prosper with? out any money at all, by reverting to general credit and barter, as many millions of people are now forced to do by the artful and artificial contraction of the currency and the scarcity ot money; but would wo endure a return to roots and grubs, like Digger Indians, because there was a scarcity of bread on account of laws forbidding the grinding of corn and the making of corn-meal Into bread?to thus enable the engrossers and cornorers of wheat to fatten as we starve? No, fellow-men! No! The remedy would be too obvious! Wo "liould smash the law, resume the grinding of corn and the baking and eating of corn bread, though the wheat-speculators went to eternal wreck and ruin. The remedy for the money-scarcity is the same, though not so obvious: break the gold monopoly by smashing tho antl sllver act of 187U; restore silver to the currency; and then, with abundant money onco .more, we should have plenty and prosperlTy In all things for the people. Try It. STATES RIGHTS. "And yet we must say" that the Dis? patch is more logical than Mr. Uryan is. Mr. Uryan wants to destroy State's rights, and yet give the country only partial control of the corporations."?. Richmond Times. And elsewhere the Times speaks of "Mr. Bryan's latest proposition to de? stroy State sovereignty and local self government by requiring a government license for corporations to carry on bus? iness from State to State." It is hardly necessary to say that the Times lias no warrant at aid for these wild assertions,?which arc much more true of a paper (the Times) which, in the same Issue, urges a system of State banks (State banks, you ob? serve!) that shall be required by act of Congress: "To get their notes from the Comptroller of the Currency, who should be required to malte the notes of each State of a different color with the name of the State engraved upon the back und face of the notes, and by making it a felony to attempt to pass the note of one State In another Stale, nnd by providing that If a bank falls to pay all of Its notes In gold colli oh de? mand, the Comptroller shall place it in the hands of a receiver." State rights and local State govern? ment, indeed! The constitution em? powers Congress to commit ho such outrages on the States; nor the peo? ple; and if it did, tot Idem vcrbis, that would bo no excuse for the Times to ad? vocate ami urge them, ns Congress would shrink from them with shame and horror. And tve undertake to say that never before nor since the war, even under the pretext of human free? dom, were ever .such outrages proposed as these the Times coolly suggests in behalf of money against all the rights of Slates ami people! Wc establish what wo say out of the mouth of the Times; but we repeat that Ii has no? thing to justify Its . h.nges against Mr. Uryan, and all It can allege agaiin t Mr. Uryan was on the ground when the platform of some Stalo De? mocracy, not at all discussing Stnto rlglits, but trusts, called for extreme measures against them ns a dernier re? sort. Vet It is well known that Mr. Bryan does not believe that nny such report Is necessary. Congress already.has full power "TO REGULATE COMMERCE with foreign nations; ;';AND AMONG THE SB\V ERAL STATES," ana tho right of no State 1? violated by the exercise of so necessary "d power.' If a trust obtain a charter In New Jersey and proceed to do business under it in, another State, it at once falls under the jurisdiction of the Federal authority, and should be prosecuted In conformity to the consti? tution. If the laws now in force are Insufficient to the full exercise of the constitutional power and duty confer? red on Congress to protect the ^States, the people and the Union against 4these threatening conspiracies', of course Congress should pass the necessary leg? islation, under its authority to regu? late commerce among the States, which Is ample: being ampler than that con? ferred over currency by the provisions relating to coining and U. S. securities. A DANGEROUS RIVAL OF HANNA & CO.* If we only knew who directs the Martin campaign and furnishes the funds, we might be able to speak out more plainly and fully; but we Ece nothing Virginian in It, even .."the ma? chine" having been "made over," as it were; yet we cannot give it a local habitation and a name, for it seems to embody the most characteristic fea? tures of the Ohio, New York, Pennsyl? vania and Delaware political reaper and binder, with some additions, de? manded by our latitude for cleaning out the cockle. It has some "additions" that one moment Incline us to Dela? ware ns the home of campaign and the transferred machine; but here and there we seem to see the hand of Han? na, or that of Quay; and so we suspend Judgment for later Information. But It is a sure thing, that It Han? na, Quay, Plait and Addlcks had no part in this campaign and fixing Its machine, they must see that here they have a dangerous competitor, able to lay them all out cold. Free and Idependent Cuba. Though dated August 17th, the fol? lowing has just been promulgated in Cuba by General Brooke; and, besides the direct importance of the census it announces, It Is very gratifying and de? serves prominent attention because Jt incidentally gives the President's ofll cinl recognition of our relations to Cuba and her peonle. and takes tho initial step toward free and independent Cuba: "Executive Mansion, Aug. 17, 1899. "To the People of Cuba: "The disorganized condition of your Island resulting from the war and the absence of any generally recognized authority aside from tho temporary military control of the United States have made It necessary for the United States to follow the restoration of order and peaceful Industry by giving its as? sistance and supervision to the suc? cessive 6tnges by which YOU WILL PROCEED TO ESTABLISH AN EF? FECTIVE SYSTEM OF SELF-GOV? ERNMENT. "As a preliminary step in the per? formance of THIS DUTY I have direct? ed that a census of the people of Cuba be taken and have appointed competent and disinterested citizens of Cuba as enumerators and supervisors. "It is Important for the proper ar? rangement of YOUR NEW GOVERN? MENT that tho Information sought should be fully and accurately given, and I request that by every means in your power you aid the officers appoint? ed, in the performance of their duties. "WILLIAM M'KINLEY." It Is an executive document, ihat tends to re-assure the Cubans and their friends that tho United States will now co-operate with the patriots of the Is? land In establishing civil and political freedom and Independence under Cuban self-government; and in addition to the general tenor of the nroclamation, It contains expressions that are worthy of special note. It is addressed "TO THE PEOPLE OF CUBA;" it exhorts thorn to the work "by which YOU WILL PROCEED TO ESTABLISH AN EF? FECTIVE SYSTEM OF SELF-GOV? ERNMENT;" and recognizes this, without equivocation, ns "THE duty," mutually, of the United States und Cuba; expresses the President's sin? cere interest In "the proper arrange? ment of YOUR NEW GOVERNMENT." This Is a late and too-long deferred declaration on port of the President; but better late than never, particularly as its terms appear to be so clear, pos? itive and satisfactory. Cuba Libre! we salute you! Tho situation is simply that the fate of the Philippines is In our hnnds, and the question is what Is the best practi? cal disposition to wake of them?? Washington Post. Of course, the question of the dispo? sition of stolen goods, found "in Our hands," may be decided politically (on grounds of expediency), or morally and legally, or commercially as to tho profit and loss In cash to result. But laws and morals settle it, that stolen goods should be returned to their law? ful owner, and as to damages duo from the thief, or the penalty to be Imposed on him, a jury of the people can fix that. Meanwhile, return the goods. A person or paper that has never known the satisfaction of advocating the true and right, merely because they arc true and right, in tho face of sure defeat, is full of sneers and jeers nt other persons and papers that would feel disgraced by advocating the false and wrong on any terms, and who would not support the true and right If they could offer no better considera? tion than that of sure success there? for. But Uma-sorvera are incapable of un? derstanding or believing anythlng^of that kind. It Is a joke to be laughed at,' or a folly to be reprobated. "THE HIDDEN HAND; or POLI? TICS MADE EASY," by Thomas S. Martin, a IT. S. Senator from Virginia. Bound in Russia. $5, gold. ' FITS ^REFERRED. Some of.Esop'B fables didn't get into print, This Is ono of them: ? One' of Mrs; Sqw'n family waa slok. Dr. Fox offered hla services, and the sick one got well,?ln\splte of Dr. Fox, some said, The doctor, however, still re? mained, though Mrs.- Sow had, no room forhlin.. "But," urged tho'doctor, "I'm in honor bound to etay. Your child had the Spanish fits, and I oured him.' Yet ho and tho others are exposed td Eng? lish fits, German fits, French fits, Italian fits', Russian fits, &c, and I must.stay till they grow out of danger. It's my duty." ''Laws, doctor," grunted Mrs. Sow, "your duty Is worse than the fits, for they at least allow us to live! Let us have the fits!" "Yes." squealed alt the family, In chorus; "let us have the fits! tho fits! the Ills!" Occasionally the Philadelphia'Press has something to say about the "down? trodden labor of Europe." but the other editors of that State are too much ashamed of the condition of labor in the Pennsylvania coal fields as por? trayed by Mr. Powderly to invite com? parisons.?Washington Post. We Indignantly repel the insinuation that labor In Pennsylvania Is oppressed and downtrodden. What? Is pros? perity not " 6hout!ng happy"?tin the Keystone State?the Quay?stone State ?of the Republican, gold-bug party, to be likened to down-trodden Europe? The Post's young man has gone mad! We see it stated that the French laws of evidence are eubstantlally In ac? cordance with the law3 of evidence in England and this country. If that be true, or even partially true, the pres? ent travesty at Rennes Is the more bru? tal and tyrannical for that reason; nnd If It be not legitimate burlesque, It Is on a par with the criminal forgery, perjury and assassination, in conjunc? tion with the bribery and corruption that so profusely illustrate the trial of Dreyfus. Who are the pcoplo7 "We," cries Mr. Martin. "We are the people: the se? cret ballot that neither nominates, nor passes resolutions of instructions, but nevertheless elects. We nre already polled, and that is how we know In advance of the election of the legis? lature, who Is our man." Watch Tom Martin?that's all? Greensvllle News. It does appear that Mr. Martin needs watching?no politician In Virginia needs It more. It is very difficult, how? ever, to watch a gentleman so notorious "for ways that are dark-" Mr. Faclng-Bolh Ways: for Martin for U. S. Senator, nnd for the Choice of the people by committee. How to Get There: face one way and row the other. In Washington, a Kentucky Goebel ite reports that he will have a walk? over; an nntl-Goebelite swears there is no show at all for him. It used to be U. S. Senators; but now it is "us Senators." OPINIONS OF THE PRESS. Tin: Nl.NA'i'OltlAT. RACE. Till-: NORTHAMPTON PRIMARY. (Peninsula Enterprise.) Tito result of tho primary election In Northampton last Saturday leaves no doubt in the mind of nny one as to tho choice of the people of that county for United States Senator, and while, not a surprise to anyone, must be grat? ifying to everyone who recognizes the right of the people to control their own affairs. The "unexpected" did not happen, we are glad to be able not only to report, but the large majority In favor of Tyler Indicates very clearly that the people of that county do not believe in the boss rule of Mr. Martin or anyone else. With them the success of Martin In the primary meant the triumph ot bossism, and like the liberty-lov(ng peo? ple that they are. they entered their protest in a way too emphatic to be mistaken. That a similar result would be obtained In most of the oilier coun? ties of the State, If an opportunity was presented to them to give an expression or their wishes at the polls, we do not doubt, and they should assert their rights and speak out at the polls as our sister county has done. SOMETHING TO THINK OVER. (The Roanoke Times.) No doubt the Martin peopl? are unan? imously pleased at the outcome of the Pulaski, Culpeper and Bedford pri? maries. In these counties the people were given an opportunity to express their choice between Tyler and Martin for the United States Senate. The re? sult was exactly what It would be in other localities were the same privi? lege granted the Democratc voters. Saturday's primaries In this city show id beyond a doubt that this Is true of Koanoke a.: well. With all the schem? ing that months of hard labor had made possible and with an .trhiy of workers around the polls, nr. \ with a double barrel weapon In the shape of a straddle of both sides of ihe question at stake, the Martin people were only nble to defeat a Tyler candidate, who came out against them upon a notice of less than two day*, and who was almost entirely unaided and without or? ganization, hy two hundred votes. And It. is cald that many of these votes were cast by those who were not aware of how Illings stood, and that had they riot been given tickets calculated to mislead (hem there would not have been a majority of even two hundred. Here Is something .for the Tyler peo? ple of Virginia to think over. They i have every reason to feel elated and to congratulate themselves. It they will stand firm In those sections that have not already declared themselves nnd will Insist upon a fair anil square set? tlement before the people of the claims of their man ns against these of Martin's representatives they will co'ine out on top. The end of this Tyler movement In Virginia is not yet, the representations and braggadocio of Its opponents to the contrary notwith? standing. SCHOOLS AND COLCEGESij^ISfiH?6LS_j5J^P_??JbH55! SOUTHERN SHORTHAND AP BUSINESS,UNIVERSITY (ALSO PURCHASERS OF THE COLUMBIA BUSINESS COLLEGE), COBNER GRANBY BTREET AND CITY HALL AVENUE, NORFOLK, VA. ? A high-grade practical, up-to-dato business Bchool, which prepares young men and young women for Independence and prosperity, and places them 'In POs?'on* free. This great institution for business training is endorsed by sovernors, bankers, merchants and hundreds of former studentB. It ranks among the fore? most educational 'institutions of its kind in America, BRANCHES TAUGHT'. Bookkeeping, Mathematics, Commercial Low, Shorthand. Typewriting, Pen? manship. Grammar, Correspondence, Telegraphy, Spelling. ' Board and lodging ?3 per week. School open tho year round.- Day arid night sessions. Justruotlon largely individual. Largest private educational Institution In, Norfolk.' '- , SPECIAL OFFER: Until September 13th, wo will issue scholarships for tho full Business and Shorthand Courses, tho regul?r prlco of which lsJiiO, for ?50: scholarships for either the Business or Shorthand Course, tho rogular prlco of which Is $40, for ?35. For further Information call or- send, for our Catalogue and our new publica? tion entitled "Business Education." J. M. RESSLER. President. ?Phone, 456._ SUFFOLK COLLEGE, SUFFOLK, VA., FOR GIRLS AND YOUNG LApiES. FOUNDED IN 1SCD. LOCATION, beautiful In a reflneu, hos? pitable-, religious vommuulty of high In? tellectual culture. ? BUILDINGS, large and comfortable with all modern appliances. ADVANTAGES, home life, Christian In (luoncos and thorough Instruction. COURSE OF STUDY, comprehonstvo in every romped and In Instrumental and Vorul Music equal In breadth and thor? oughness to conservatory courses. TEACHERS, among the foremost In the laud, earnest, enthusiastic specialists. REPUTATION, fully established during a successful career of thirty years. EXPENSES tho lowest possible. TESTIMONIALS, or the highest order. DIPLOMAS of graduation awarded t0 full graduates. Next session begins September 13, 1S39. For catalogue and further particulars address ' SALLY A. FINNEY, P. O. Cox 350. Suffolk, Va, . jyll-2m_ Peace Institute, RALEIGH, N. C. One of tho best female schools In tho South, and tho cheapest for advantages given. Send for cataloguo. JAS. DINWIDDIB. M. A. MARY WASHINGTON COLLEGE, For Young Women and Girls. Thorough and complete course of study. English 1 (ranches, languages. Art, Music. Elocu? tion and Physical Culture. Session will begin September tho 27th. Mls.1 VIRGINIA REYNOLDS. Miss MARY BUCHANAN RANDOLPH, Principals. For other informal Ion address euro P. O. Box BMj Norfolk, Va, For personal inter? view after September tho 1st, call at tho Mary Washington College, corner of Granby street und Collego Place Norfolk. Jy27-2m Lcaclis-Wood School for Young Ladies 232 GP.ANBY STUFET, NORFOLK, VA. Twenty-eighth .session begins October 2nd, 1S!<>. Rest advantages In all tUr paritnents. Music, Art und Languages specialties, A few boarders will bo taken. Circulars at hook stores. MISS AGNES DOUGLAS WEST, Principal. Miss West will be abroad until Septem? ber 10th. After that date, for personal in? terview, cull at tho school. For further information prior to Septmnher lOtli, nd drcss MISS G. WEST; Wadswonh, Me, ]y2-su-ltaw-lm-thou-dy2m NEWPORT NEWS MILITARY ACAD EM V, a select school for boys and young nun. Classical, Helenlillo. English and Commercial Courses. Experienced Teachers; beautiful location: superior ad? vantages , unexcelled accommodations; moderate rates. For illustrated catalogue address E, W. HUFFMAN, Principal. Newport Now.*. Va. Sixth animal session begins Sept. 32th, 1899. JyM-we,fr.su-2ui I fha Phillips I Wost School for Girls. ?112 FREEMASON ST., NORFOLK, A'A. MISS E. F. PHILLIPS, MISS S. K. WEST. Principals. ? Fourteenth annual session will begin OCTOBER 2d, 1899. A thorough course in all departments. Diplomas awarded to graduates. Young children received in tho primary department* Applications may be made at the above or at 27:1 Bute St.' Circulars can bo obtained from the book stores. seC-codlm EDUCATIONAL NEEDS T. A -HIGHER STANDARD AT THI COLLEGE, livery college should exac'. that applicants for admission Bliall hav - completed tho preparatory course a school. As It Is, the smaller colleges d' nothing ol" the kind, hut on tho contrary-, accept candidates In all 3tagcs of prcpo.' ration or want of preparation for colleg work. The result la competition bclwoe ' school nnd college, antagonism betwec those who should bo friends, und a gciij oral lowering of tho educational leve from top to hottom throughout the Statt 11. THOUGHTFUL CO-OPERATlOl BETWEEN SCHOOLS AND PATRONS Reputable schools must maintain thel 'standards, and Intelligent parents mus uphold the schools In doing so. Boys ur j sent to school, not to puss examination!: but to develop In mind and character. Th failure to puss is evidence of failure t develop, whether In mind or In charactei In either ease, every consideration o common sense and morality demands tha the hoy retract his steps und do what h has failed to accomplish. "To do or dlo Is a lesson worth learning nnd wort teaching, and only foolish parental prld . ucceps defeat und neglects tho opporlu nity to inculcate a noble truth. HI, PARKNTA1. ENLIGHTENMENT ON THE CAUSES OF FAILURE AT i SCHOOL The man who devotes a larg! part of his dally life to the pursuit o' pleasure can hardly expect to succeed I) business. Many parents expect of thel children something equally absurd. A so cial timing from Friday afternoon to Sal urday night Is often responsible for Mon day's failure at school. Repeated outing and repented interruptions during th week explain many failures at tho clos of tho session. IV. THE DISCOMFITURE OF Till PEDAGOGIC ITINERANT- The tcuchc who, by word or mouth, exhibits his etlu cational wares, passing from door to doo and from city to eily, is tho pedlar of th profession, and deserves defeat. Th sc-hnoi that cannot stand upon its merit should fall. These are views for which the NOR FOLK ACADEMY stands responsible. | Jy23-su-to Oct.1st. NT. ST. JOSEPH'S COLLEGI Course or Studies?Classical, Sclcntlfl and Commercial. Terms?Uoarders, pe session of five months, Jii.\ Studies will be resumed on MON DAI September f>, 1 Snu. Address, BKO. JOSEPH. Director, Station D.. Baltimore, Md. Send for catalogue. Jyl2-2m \?IRG?N!A COLLEGE For YOUNG LADIES, Roanoke, Va. Opens Sept. 12th, IM'O. Ono of the leading Schools for Young Ladies in the South. Mog nlllcent building*, all modern improvements, t?uipustcu acres. Uraud mountain scenery In Valley of V? , fumed lor health. Kurnpt-nu and American teachers, l-'ull course. Superior ad? vantages in Attnnd Music. Student* front twenty seven states. K?r catalog address Iho President, MATTHS P. IJAlUtlrf, Itoauokc, Virginia. I IvAW SCHOOL, I Tho School of Law In Richmond Col leg? ?fters superior legal naming In lb most favorable environment. Three Fro lessors. Annual tuition In Junior Cla<:. $10; In both classes, $70. Good board n cheap as 4".,',0 a month. Session open K. ptember 21. For catalogue address 1'ro fi-?sor ROGER GREGORV, Li stor ManOl Va.. or President BO AT W RIGHT, Rich inoiid, Va. uul-au,we,fr-20t Classical Preparatory School for Boy: MISS HELEN WOOD ROGERS will reopen her School for Hoys' MON HAY, October 2d. For further particular; address her nl Orange, Va., cn're Mlsl Kemper, um I September 2;id. after whie( limit she can Iks seen nt No. CO Housi street, Norfolk. sul-sun.wod-frl-ln. MILD, PAINLESS; BUT WONDERFULLY EFFECTIVE. MENT OP CATARRH USED RY DR. FIRRY HAS RESTORED HUNDREDS TO HEALTH. A PROMINENT LUM? BER MERCHANT ADDS HIS TESTI? MONY TO ITS POWER TO CURE CA? TARRH AND DEAFNESS. DEAFNESS. "I w;is Krcally benefited myself by Dr. Flrcy's treatment, so as ONE OF MY FAMILY HAD VERY DEFECTIVE HEARING, and 1 was afraid she would become entirely deaf, I placed her under Dr. Flrey's treatment. A FEW MONTHS TREATMENT SUFFICED TO ENTIRE? LY RESTORE HER HEARING, AND she can HEAR NOW AS WELL AS anyone. I have great faith in DR. FIREY'S TREATMENT FOR CATARRH AND DEAFNESS and cordially recom? mend it. "S. W. GOODMAN, (residence) "207 W. Ilrambleton Ave., "Yards and mill Norfolk. "Berkley. Va." Haa offices 1 and 2 No. 314 Main street. Norfolk, Va. Specialties: Catarrh and all diseases of Eye, Ear, Nose, Throat, Chest and Stomach'. Hours. 9. a. m. to 12:30 p. m.: 2 p. m. to ??:30 p. m. Sunday Hours, 10:30 a. m. to 12:30 p. ro, Tuesday night and Thursday night, 7:30 p. m. to S p. m. Consultation always free. Medicines furnished. Terms always moderate. Eyes examined for classes freo of charge. J. H. COFER ?SHIPPER OF? Hay and Grain, C10 Citizens' Bank Building. Quick tshipnitnt and satisfaction guar* Fresh Green Ginger JUST RECEIVED. 15c. -Pound, 2 for 25c. ? K SPICE SEASON is now at its height, and oui supply is large and of the very best. Mustard Seed, Celery Seed, Allspice, Cloves, Ginger, Mace, Cinnamon, Turmeric, Garlic, &c. Pure Cider Vinegar. Pure Wine Vinegar White Brandy: 1(1, li 11, 296 MAIN STREET. ATTENTION! Volght Best Patent Flour.$4.25 bbl, Volght Best Tatent Flour.23c. bajri I Best Puro Leaf Bard.7c. lbj' I Our Spiced Blend CofTe only.12c. lbj I pox River Bulcr, 1 lb. prints.25c. lbj Blntz Best Vinegar for pickling..25c. gali Standard Granulated Sugar.G'^c. ibl Patapsco. Boyal and Plllsbury Floor. All on hund at the lowest prices. VIRGINIA GROCERY GO., y BOTH PHONES 462.