Newspaper Page Text
VIRGINI AN- PILOT.
?BT THE? ??? .
VIRGINIAN AND PILOT PUBLISHING
' _COMPANY._. I
AND DAILY PHOT.
(Consolidated March, 1S3S.)_
Entered at tho Fostofnco ot Norfolk,
iVa., au second-class matter._
OFFICE: PILOT BUILDING,
CITY HALL AVENUE,
A. H, Grandy. President: W. 8. Wilk?
inson, Treasurer; James IS. Allen. Secre?
BOARD OF DIRECTORS:
A. H. Grandy. L. D. Starke. Jr.: T. W.
Shclton R. W. Shulf.ce. W. S. Wilkinson.
James E. Allen, D. F. Donovan.
TMRKK CHSTR I'EBCOI'T.
The VIRGINIAN-PILOT Is delivered to
subscribers by carriers in Norfolk and
vicinity, Portsmouth, Berkley Suffolk,
West Norfolk. Newport News, for 10
cents per week payablo to tno carrier.
By mall, to any placo In the United
States, postage free:
J>AII.Y, oi>? y<rnip - ts.oo
? Im uioii tin - 3.00
" (Urea month* ? - l?!iO
?' ont montli .ISO
ADVERTISING RATES: Advertise?
ments inserted at the rate of 75 cents a
Bquare. first Insertion; each subsequent
Insertion 40 cents, or BO cents when in?
serted Every Other Day. Contractors are
not allowed to exceed their space or ad?
vertise otner than their lcgltlmalo busi?
ness, except by paying especially for the
Reading Notices invariably 20 cents per
line nrst Insertion. Each subsequent In?
sertion IS cents.
No employee of the Vlrglnlan-Pllot Pub?
lishing Company Is authorized to contract
any obligation In the name of tho com?
pany, or to make purchases In the namo
of the same, except upon ordors signed oy
the PRESIDENT OF THE COMPANY.
In order to avoid delays, on account ot
personal absence, letters and all.commu?
nications for The VIHGINIAN-PILOP
ahoula not be addressed to any individual
connected with the ofllcc. out sbriply to
The VIRGINIAN AND PILOT PUB?
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 10. 1S99.
WE MUST BE OUR OWN ARMY.
The Virginian-Pilot sees with much
Satisfaction that tho Virginia Militia
iWhlch McKinley, under pretext of an
act of Congress, practically destroyed
by merging it In his army to light the
Spaniards, and oftlccrlng with his ap?
pointees. Is again reorganizing. The
wisdom, of the fathers, and all our ex?
perience In wnr, whether to execute the
laws, suppress insurrections, or repel
Invasions, have impressed upon nil
thoughtful citizens the value and im?
portance of a popular and constitu?
tional State Militia; and all our best
soldiers, patriots and statesmen have
concurred in testifying to its efficiency.
But note, while the constitution em?
powers Congress "To provide for organ?
izing, arming and disciplining the
Militia, and for GOVERNING SUCH
PART OF THEM us may be employed
In the service of the United Stales [to
execute the laws of the union, &c],
RESERVING- TO THE STATES RE?
SPECTIVELY. THE APPOINTMENT
OF THE OFFICERS, AND THE AU?
THORITY OF TRAINING THE MILI?
TIA ACCORDING TO THE DISCI?
PLINE PRESCRIBED BY CON?
That the President could, in effect,
take this Militia and embody It as a
Federal army, officered by Federal ap?
pointees, commissioned by the Presi?
dent, was never contemplated by the
constitution nor the people, nor by any?
body else until the tin Napoleon of
Ohio was touched with a craze for mili?
tary power and glory: yet that Is what
McKinley did when ho called out the
Militia and sent it. abroad in our war
with Spain. It is true lhat while the
Militia may volunteer for foreign ser?
vice, that neither requires nor author
izos any Federal transformation lhat
defeats tho constitutional provisions for
Stato officers? their "appointment" be?
ing distinctly, expressly and emphati?
cally "to the States respectively."
But we know what happened, and wo
have found that the result Is that our
volunteer forces absorb our Militia and
disband it. and create of it a Federal
military organization to suit Imperial
and extra-constitutional and anti-ci
stltutionat schemes. Congress should
seriously consider whether it Intends
such mutations and virtual abolition of|
the militia when it authorizes the
"raising" of a volunteer force;
whether these results are necessary
?whether it ho expedient lo permit tlierii
or more wise and more in eonsonanc
with the constitution to provide that
when the Sln.lo militia, or any portion
thereof, may volunteer beyond |j8 state
or States, it shall still remain State
militia, with tho same rights as if it re?
mained in flip States respectively.
What reason Is there for the policy
of re-officering the militia that volun?
teer nnd Fcderallzing them? n.ies the
policy promote volunteering, or pro?
mote emulation, or promote the espit de
corps that so graces and inspires the
troops of State, led by their own mili?
tia ofheers, and nil united by ties of
kindred, friendship nnd long associa?
tion? Surely, there Is little to commend
the plan of depriving soldiers of their
State officers and comrades and putting
, strangers over them, unless it is meant
to destroy the old fellowship nnd mould
the troops into mere machines, pliant
to an imperial militarism.
And that suggests the most important
mutier connected with the armed forces
of a free people. Is the United States
to abandon its safe and peaceful policy
of over a century, and keep Federal
armies, standing armies, great military
establishments, like those of Europe?
No! That in the voice of tho founders
of our.Rcpublic and all Its citizens who
love liberty and peace- Our constitu?
tional State militia, for Federal service
when needed, 'is all we need and desire
for all ordinary purposes, and we can
easily provide for possible contingen?
cies. Our people alone must be our
army, or the most likely result will be
that we shall have to light it.
PEOPLE SAY: "CHANGE."
Senator Jones, Chairman of the Na?
tional Democratic Committee. 1ms been
abroad, like Croker of Tammany, in
England, though his stay abroad was
longer than that of the New "York
chieftain. Both are acute politicians
and close and careful observers, and
both come home full of Mr. Bryan's in?
creased strength as a candidate and
of his brilliant, if not assured, pros?
pects of success In November, 1000.
Senator Jones, indeed, declares himself
In terms as confident of Mr. Bryan's
election as of his nomination; and there
seems to be a steadily pervading feeling
all over the country that the people
intend to have a President of their own
choosing and election next .time, in
spite of all the powers of darkness.
No administration?no government?
ever known in modern times, was so
insensible to the purpose, the spirit, or
the very genius, of its origin and insti?
tutions; and on the other hand, none
was ever eo pliant to money and the
suggestion of sordid gain. From the
moment that the Hanna-McKinley In?
fluence fell upon the Union, it has been
nothing but an oligarchy of money
mongers and money-changers, intent
on gold as the most valuable of con?
ceivable humnn detdres, and all things
else that formerly gave dignity to our
independence, sanctity to our liberty,
heroism to our history, nobility to our
lives, glory to our llag and a. pride in
the development of an honest and free
manhood, founded in high principles,
pure aspirations and lofly achieve?
ments, were put behind US as obstruc?
tions and Incumbranccs, or put to bar?
gain and sale, or reserved for mere pa?
rade to cover the most grovelling and
selfish designs, at home and abroad.
We fell like Bucifor! with no longer a
tight to the eagle as an emblem of our
spirit, but with the greedy and insati?
ate appetite of the hog, which knows
nollilng, wants nothing, pursues no?
thing except the satisfaction of his own
That is what the Hanna-Morgan cult,
as practiced by McKinley in his admin?
istration, has brought us to. The peo?
ple of all classes, who still have mem?
ories and traditions, are horrified at
til its sort of progress, and prefer to go
back. They want a change to the old
timed, when men loved their country
and its past, revered arc, honored hon
esty and sought truth, and when the
boys were not taught to laugh and scoff
at all that made lite Republic great,
prosperous and happy; not for a few,
but for all. O! for the days, yearns tlie
patriot, when the constitution was our
chart and the Declaration of Independ?
ence our compass; when Washington
and Jefferson were the patterns of pa?
triotism, and the sentiments and
speeches of Patrick Henry were ?tili
tauglit in our schools; when human lib?
erty and independence were holy
things, to be fought and tiled for. but
never to be assailed, or betrayed, or
desecrated; when valor and duty were
recognized and honored by government,
and heroes were not officially sacrificed
to tlie false glory of knaves and Incom?
petents; when they who stole or defiled
the meat and bread of our soldiers were)
not kept In places of honor and trust;
when the flag of our fame and name
was never prostituted to reef-wrecking
the brave and free; when prosperity]
was not a monopoly, but a common In?
heritance; and when it was our boast
that the liberties of all men were
equally cherished by us and our insti?
tutions, and that an Invasion of the
liberty of the meanest and humblest
man, or an attack on the independence
of the most insignificant Republic, was
an affront, and injury to all American
Tlie people are aroused. They re?
member the past and they see and feel]
the present. They demand and com-|
mand a change, and repudiate the im?
putation that they are the slaves or |
minions of gold!
SOME ENGLISH BOERS.
Bomke Cockrnn recently said In a
public speech that Catholics cannot]
hold ofllce in England. The N. Y. Jour?
nal takes up Mr. Coehran's statement |
and says: "It has been just seventy
two years since CnPholics in England |
wore admitted to the political privi?
leges "that are still denied them In the |
Transvaal." The Emancipation Act
passed both Houses of Pari Hirnen t and'
became tlie law- on the Btlh of April,
1S29-?just a few months over seventy
[years ago, or two years later than |
j stated by the Journal.
But none of the common people are
members of the House of Bords and
no church Is represented in that body,
except the Church of England, by Its
Archbishops and Bishops. The Church
of England Is united with the state
and supported by U. No Catholic can
be heir to the throne of England,
though the first Georges were Boers
very largely In blood, speech, religion
and manners. Queen Victoria is a. lineal
descendant of a Boer (or Dutchman),
George Lccmls, an Elector of Hanover,
who became George 1., of England.
Boers are Dutchmen who have settled
in South Africa, and who have sought
all their Lives to avoid Englishmen,
repeatedly relinquishing settlements to
TRUSTS AND FEDERAL POWERS
The.able and courteous Horrisonburg
Spirit ot tho Aralley, noticing some of
our quotations from the N. Y. Tribune
on the varrbus powers of the Federal*
government to regulate trusts, and our
comments thereon, calls us to account
on several Issues: as that the U. S. can?
not employ tho taxing power to re?
strain trusts, because all Federal taxa?
tion must be uniform, and must thus
involve good and bad alike in laying
revenue; that the U. S. has no police
and sanitary powers, and that this is
fully decided by the U. S. Supremo
Court In the Slaughter House cases.
The VIrginlun-Pilot wholly exoner?
ates the N. Y. Tribune from anything
the Spirit quotes from us ns to the
sanitary and police powers of the Fede?
ral government; It being our own con?
clusion from what the Tribune said as
U> the powers of Federal taxation.
While the Spirit is technlcaly right, it
Is nevertheless a practical truth that
Congress does oxerclso sanitary and
police powers, and may exercise a great
deal more If it chooses; as, If Congress
should be convinced tliut Prohibition
Is a good and wise tiling, it doubtless
could and would pluce prohibitive taxes
and restrictions on the manufocturoand
salo of Intoxicating liquors; and the
same may be said of cigarettes and
various other things, including medi?
cines, drugs and what arc called pro?
prietary articles and preparations; per?
fumery, cosmetics, deodorizers, disin?
fectants and the like; chewing gum,
wines, &c; besides, with these and all
other articles subject to Federal taxa?
tion, goes inspection and regulation, ex?
tending not only to the subjects of
revenue, but the manufacture and fac?
tories and books of accounts.
Inspection carries public ? exposure,
and exposure is often the best safe?
guard against sanitary, swindling and
nil other abuses and evils. While uni?
formity in revenue is a constitutional
provision, it was never intended to pre?
vent graduation in rales, nor distinc?
tions in subjects, and in settling these.
Congress has ample powers to distin?
guish between injurious and' evil trusts
nnd good, or allowable and useful ones
The enormous capital of trusts is one
of their principal dangers, and while
the U. S. may not. limit the capital of
a trust or corporation, it may make the
rate or license above a certain amount
prac t ical 1 y prohibitory.
All sanitary and police powers that
the U. S. chooses to use In connection
with imports, exports, and interstate
commerce, transportation, &c., it may
use and does so largely. It assumes
jurisdiction of cattle and their diseases
to a large extent, and it exercises quar?
antine and other powers in connection
with contagious diseases ot dangerous
types, in humans as well as in bensts.
In fact, there are few, if any sanitary
and police matters of any consequence
in which the V. S. may not directly or
indirectly lake concurrent Jurisdiction
with cities and States, with no objec?
tion from any quarter.
The Virginian-Pilot supposes that Hs
Harrlsonburg contemporary will now
agree with the N. Y. Tribune, that the
U. S. has ample powers under Hs au?
thority to raise revenue and incident?
ally to license, inspect and require re?
ports of business, to restrict and oven
prohibit trusts of certain kinds, or hav?
ing excessive capital; while it must also
agree with the Virginian-Pilot thnt not?
withstanding the Slaughter House
cases, the U. S. has, practically, a vast
deal to do with sanitary and police sub?
jects, directly and indirectly, and may
do more whenever it chooses, with no
contest against it from Individuals or
Slates or courts, provided that ordinary
courtesy and prudence "be observed.
Where great good and no danger is
the direct result of Federal jurisdiction
in matters where the powers and means
of :i State may not suffice, the Virgin
Inn-Pilot sees no rational reason for
opposing it, but cather for accepting
it under "the general welfare" clause,
unless It Involve a principle or policy
thnt may lead to mischief.
There has been much talk from Re?
publican and other goldite sources of
the growth of anti-silver and anti
Bryan sentiment In New York and
Massachusetts, and all the Northern
and Eastern States, among Democrats;
but on recent square tests in Massa?
chusetts and New York the pro-Bryan
and silver strength nnd enthusiasm
seem to have been growing, steadily
stronger since 1S06. This was first em?
phatically shown in Massachusetts
where not only has the platform of
180S received a particularly strong re
nffirmation, with special reference to
silver, but where the renomlnation of
Bryan was resolutely demanded nnd
re-lhforced by a delegation to the na?
tional convention fully pledged to
In New York City, Croker, the Tam?
many Chief, on his return from Eng?
land, eagerly seized the first opportu?
nity to announce his conversion to
Bryan, and to use his influence to
break down the Van Wyck game
against Bryan in New York, which col?
lapsed suddenly and irretreivably the
moment that it became known that
Croker was adverse to It. Now the
Democratic State Committee of New
York has committed Itself emphatical?
ly to Bryan, notwithstanding the active
opposition of Hill, who opposed such
a committal of the committee in ad?
vance of an actual nomination by the
National Committee; but the opposi?
tion was impotent before the populari?
ty of Bryan, and Hill was not only de?
feated, but deserted by his own friends,
who declare that Hill himself Is renliy
for Bryan and only opposed the action
of the committee as premature and Ir?
The point of the matter is the ob
vtous augmentation of the Bryan forces
from all quarters of New York State;
for it is incredible t'hat such action by
the State Committee could have been
taken, except In the certainty ot the
members of the committee that the
Democrats of the State would give the
action , overwhelming and emphatic
ratification. It Is so' everywhere; and
a President and Cabinet, on a pre?
arranged and officially organized boom,
Is not s?fflcleht'to compete before the
people with the solitary Ncbraskan
making his private rounds to address
the citizens who greet him every?
where "1th every demonstration of ad?
miration and approval.
If Bryan and silver secure such In?
dications of approbation over a year
before the national election and a year
before the national convention; when
he is a defeated candidate of 1S3C and
only a private citizen, he will raise so
great a storm in his behalf next year
that ho will sweep all before him.
THE MONROE IX5CTRINE.
In his annual message to Congress In
1S23, President Monroe said:
"Wo owe It, therefore, to candor and
to the amicable relations existing be?
tween the United States and those
powers I the great powers of Europe,
banded in h. Holy Alliance] to declare
that we should consider any attempt on
Choir part to extend their system to
any portion of litis hemisphere as dan?
gerous to our peace and safety. With
the existing colonies or dependencies ot
any European power we have not in?
terfered and shall not Interfere. But
with the governments who have de?
clared their independence and main?
tained it, and whose Independence we
have, on great, consideration and on
just principles, acknowledged, we couHJ
not view any interposition for the pur?
pose of oppression them, or controlling
in any other manner their destiny, by
any European power, in any light
than as the manifestation of an un?
friendly disposition toward the United
Mr. Madison had announced and urg?
ed a like doctrine as to Florida in an
annual message as enrly as January
3. 1811. But the Declaration of Inde?
pendence of July 4th, 177C, antedates
them both, and enunciates a more vital,
and important doctrine.
Liberty and Independence are higher
and more important doctrines than any
affecting mere territorial limits.
We have just rights in Africa, be?
cause both the Orange Free State and
the Transvaal ;iro Republics, and many
of our citizens are Interested In the
fortunes and liberties of them both.
For these reasons, the United States
have obligations of honor. Justice and
interest that make it our duty to sec
that these African Republics are nei?
ther destroyed, robbed, nor oppressed;
or, at least, we should prolest against
it, and nothing can incline us to ap?
prove, uphold, or countenance the im?
perious and imperial brutality ot Eng?
land toward the Transvaal except our
own recreant apostacy from the better
principles of American government and
manhood to a base imitation and emu?
lation of the worst traits of our own
ancient tyrant and oppressor.
God of our fathers', deliver the Re?
publics of Afriea from the feet of those
who are swift to shed blood; and stive
this American Republic from the fate
she seeks by her paltry pcrlitly to
human rights and liberties!
THKNi:\.VI OItl Al. HACK,
THE SITUATION AT ROANOKB.
(Tlie Roanoke Times.)
In the local political Held the gauge
of battle Is down. The Times takes this
occasion to express the hope that the
contest will lie a clean one and honor?
able alike to all contestants. The cam?
paign_should he conducted on high
grounds, free from personalities and
?creditable to both victors and van?
quished. The Times publishes to-day
the independent, non-partisan ticket,
whose cause it will espouse. In taking
this step we are well aware that we
run counter to the views held by some
of our true friends, who are among
the most patriotic citizens in the dis?
trict. Wc trust, however, t'hat these
as well as others will do the Times
the justice lo accord it the same sin?
cerity of purpose that the paper freely
accords to those who cannot endorse
its course. IVe cannot all think alike
and It is well that we do not. Conflict
of opinion, when it springs from pure
and patriotic conviction, is the birth
of much that is good for all the people.
However firm and honest a man may be
and however tenaciously he may hold to
and fight for Iiis political convictions
he may still deal with perfect
frankness with those who antagonize
him and conduct his warfare on a
broad and generous plane that will be
an honor to him i? victorious anil will
leave no sting to embitter defeat. The
Times promises on its part to en?
deavor to live up to the standard here
given and if its columns should, un?
fortunately, tle> any man the slightest
injustice it will be its duty and Its
pleasure to do all in its power to amend
NOT TUB PEOPLE'S CHOICE.
(Northern Neck News.)
It is being made more and more ap?
parent as time goes on that had the
Democratic voters of this State been
permitted to express their choice for
United States Senator, Thomas S. Mar?
lin would never have received their en?
dorsement. In only a very few Instan?
ces have the voters been accorded the
privilege of expressing their choice,
but In these counties the verdict
against the Junior Senator has been
most emphatic. It was so in Northamp?
ton, In Southampton; in Bedford and
lti Culpeper, and only a day or two ag\>
the Democrats in that great white
county of Loudoun, by nn overwhelm?
ing majority, declared their preference
for Governor Tyler over Senator Mar?
tin. The Senator says, despite all this,
that he already has enough votes
promised hltn to insure his election,
and this may be true, for might we
know. It Is not true, however, that
he Is the choice of the Democrats of
the State. Nobody knows this better
than he does, and if elected It will not
be because the people desired it.
all pains and dis?
eases that the
flesh is heir to.
Not Built on Faith.
Havo Cured Thousands.
Will Cure You.
Vlrtuo girrx true repu?
A Scpnrnt? Remedy
fur i.iuli IHarnie.
For Sale al Ail Druggists.
a book full of valuable information
Sont Froo lo any address.
If in doubt as to What remedy vou
should use, writo us; it costs you
nothing, ami your caso will have our
SOVEREIGN REMEDY CO.,
Home Office 1237 Arch Street,
l. h. whitehurst
The place lo find Mourning or Black
Goods in the Newest and Desirable
Fabrics. Will mention a few:
Ratine. Gran'.to Cloth, llerietln, silk
finish: Priestley's Silk Warn Henrietta
and Kndorn. Whipcords, Camel's Hair
Cheviot, SScbCtilie and Arinure
VEILS AND VEILING, 4-inch Border,
Wool. Silk and Wool, Silk llermani.
Crepe Memorial Veils,
Corded Taffeta, Silk Poplin, Armure,
Gross (train Taffetas.
Crepes. Applique Gimps. All-over Ap?
plique. ' Inspection Invited.
L. H. Whitehurst,
336 MAIN STREET.
Now Phono 857.
big suit specials
FITTING AND ALTER?
ING BY EXPERT
34 Granby Street.
At the Monlicello Corner-" ^|
We are pleased (o an?
nounce that Mrs. Star
buck, of New York City,
will be in our Corset De?
partment' from October
23d to November 4th.
Mrs Starbuck is an ex?
pert fitter, and demon?
strates and will fit with?
out charge and also ex?
plain the merits of the
Kabo Corset, $1.00 to $2.50
Wc positively guarantee (o tit
every form, besides Mrs, Star- 'J]
buck gives valuable suggestions 4
about'Corsets. So come. <<|
: WINDOW DlSPLAY.^Jjj
SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES
Southern Shorthand and
(Also purchasers of the Columbia Bus-'
Incss College). Corner Gronby street and
City Hall avenue. Individual Instruction.
J. M. RESSBER, President.
'Phono (new) 456.
Having purchased in connection
with N. W. Harris & Co., N. Y.
Bankers, tlie interest of the successful
bidders for the .
-a- Per Cent
We offer, subject legality and
advance in price:?
of these bonds
and accrued interest.
Coupons payable May and
172 Church St., Near Main
Got Your Trunk?
Do not rink traveling with a poorly con?
structed TltUNK, which is liable to break
and spread your poscsalonn at any mo?
ment, WHEN you can procure a ca,h
vasa covered. Iron bottom.
Bloc] bound TRUNK, protected |
with hard wood slats and finished
with three coats of paint. Excel-,
sior lock, all linen lined, 2 trays,
Brisk Bargains in Dress Suit
ODD Atf? "ENDS?-ttrat-you
can buy at greatly reduced
REMEMBER ? we keep all
trunks in repair free of
charge for one year and
paint your name and ad?
dress on trunks and bags
Repairing Old Trunks a Specialty.
The Travellers' Outfitters.
Consumers will find that It is cheaper
to use our high grade Coal, that lias been
screened and freed from slate and stone,
than that Of an Inferior grade. It gives
more. heat, less ashes and burns longer
than any other coal, ami our prices are
as low as any.
DOWN TOWN OFFICE:
171 MAIN STREET.
Both Phones. 73$
Buy your Coal Hods, Coal Shov?
els, Coal Sifters and Coal Claws
where you get the best made
at lowest prices. f
Pi J. MALBON, Hardware,
109 Commercial Place
Both Phones No. 40L