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?. * BY THE 1 BraKCKNIAN AND PILOT PUBLISHING COMPANY._ KORMK VIRGINIA? AND DAILY PILOT. _ (Consolidated March, 1X3S-)_ Entered at the Postofllco-at Norfolk, jy*.i as second-class matter. _ L. OFFICE: PILOT BUILDING, UtiL CITY HALL AVENUE, norfolk, va._ OFFICERS: ' 'Ai-H. Grandy, President; W. S. Wilk? inson. Treasurer; James E. Allen, Secre? tary* \ BOARD OF DIRECTORS: /' 3K. H. Grandy. L. D. Starke. Jr.; T. W. Ohaltoa, R, \V. Shultlce. W. S. Wilkinson, ^ James E. Allen. D. F. Donovan. THKECCF.IT.1 1'ICRCOI'T. subscription rates: -'The VIRGINIAN-PILOT Is delivered to subscribers by carriers In Norfolk and i vicinity, Portsmouth, Berkley tnftolk. liWcst Norfolk, Newport News, tor 10 conta par week payable to tnu carrier. By mall, to any placo in tee United ?tattu. postage free: ?AI1.T, OUfl , <.,?!? - $5.?0 nil miinitu ... B.00 " Ibrm moittlis - - LOO " one month ..??.?? .^o ADVERTISING RATES: Advertise, rnents Inserted at the rate of 75 cents a Bquare first Insertion; each subsequent Insertion 40 cents, or i>0 cents when In sorted Every Other Day. Contractors are not allowed to exceed their rp^ce or ad? vertise other than their legitimate busi? ness, except by paying especially for the same. Reading-Notices invariably SO cents per lino first Insertion. Each subsequent in ?artlon 15 cents. No employee of the Vlrglnlan-PHot Pub? lishing Companv Is authorised to contract any obligation 'in the name oi the com? pany, or to n.ake purchaser In the name of the name, except upon-oruei s eitined l>y the PRESIDENT OF THE COMPANi. In order to avoid delays, on account oi personal absentee, letters and all commu? nications for Tho VlRO!NlAN-ril-Ol ehoula not be addressed to any Individual conneotod with the otllee, but simply, to ffhe VIRGINIAN AND PILOT PUB? LISHING COMPANY._ TWELVE PAGrES FRIDAY, OCTOBER 'SI, PURELY HISTORICAL. Captain John S. Wise, formerly ot .Virginia, but now of New York City, lias recently published " The End of An Era," which the Richmond Timea agrees "is Indeed in the main a de? lightful book," but it objects strenuous? ly to an account which Mr. Wise gives of a slave sale. Says the Times: "He tells how men and women were put up on the block and sold to the highest bidder; how one woman wat Kold to a penurious old fellow who re? fused to buy with her her husband and two children; how the woman would have been separated from the other members of her family "had It not been tor the generosity of a manly fel? low In the crowd who declared that he would bankrupt himself before he would see the thing done," and wound tip by purchasing the whole family." Now, we do not st'e anything; very blameworthy in that, even as the Times tells It, but rather nn incident in the Generosity of the "manly fellow" which no man should willingly suppress or al? low to die. It Is honorable to human nature, honorable to the "manly fel? low," and honorable to the State which never failed to produce such "manly fellows" to mitigate whatever was re? volting In our system of slavery through the existence of "the penu? rious old fellows" who would have put the laws of Moses to Shame. Indeed, .there are law? now existing: and in force, not only In every nation of the earth; but in every section and State of this Union, under which the most cruel p.nd shameful things can and .arc done by "penurious old fellows" and other unworthy persons who take advantage of every law to cause misery to their fellow-beings. Yet, on the whole, the present laws of the civilized world are Eootl. Just and mcrclft|l, and it Is rib disgrace to any but base men that there are provisions of law meant for right purposes that they seize and wrest to evil. Referring to the Incident again, narrated by Mr. Wise, the Times re (narks: "Nothing desirable Is to be accom? plished by Mr. Wtee's narrative and the like of it." Yet, if Mr. Wise has erred in refer ring to the slavery of the era whose end he was chronicling, what Is the Times doing when it tells us that "The evils of slavery which Mr. Wise points out are at an end. and nothing of the old system survives save the tender affection thai exist.- between the old Virginia negroes and their former masters and mistresses. This was beautifully Illustrated the other day at the funeral of Mrs. William H. Talin (ferro in Gloucester, when the old fam? ily servajits gathered around her grave and with the tears streaming from their eyes sang 'Blest Be the Tie That Bind?.' Let it rest with that. Let u.< temembcr only that which was good." For our party, we frankly confess that the story told by Mr. Wine of the generosity of the "innnly fellow" jvho purchased a whole family to save them from tlic separation Incident to Slavery (which Is known t<> everybody), strikes us as equally worthy of being told as the recital of the part played by ex-slave? at the funeral of a lady, honored for her virtues and graces by nil, who was thelr_k]nd mistress (no rarity in the South) in former days. Possibly it is this which Is objected to by the Times, and which '.! quote* from Captain Wise's book In ennnce. tion With the Incident already cited. 6ays Mr. Wise: "Virginians! You who "in onr day ?wrere led by Lee and Jackson! Have you read this chapter? Is it true or untrue? Ask yourselves calmly. The Btaft* bac now come when you ought,-in justice to yourselves," to try to satisfy yourselves wherein your old system vyas wroher, and unjustifiable as well as wherein it was right. ? * * It is not written when tho truth can tlo you harm. It is not written by an alien in reeling or an enthusiast tor an abstract Ulea. It is written to make you think? to make you ask yourselves whether you can, before Clod, claim that all was as it should be when wo had slavery. It is written to reconcile you to your loss by showing you from wjiat you and your children were delivered." Now, the Virglnlan-Pilot sees no need at all for this exhortation, and it questions the good laste of the author in placing It there, or anywhere. Ho ought to know that we all unucrstaud that matter at least at; well as lie tloc?, and that most of us have said all that he d ies, If not more, directly and indi? rectly.? as the Times itself has done, and really rtc-s again in this very article In which it rakes Captain "Wise over the coals. The Times, indeed, dis? claims nriy rebuke of Mr. Wise, but it writes over a column of which tills is its own key-note: "But as Mr, Wise isns seen fit to bring up thin question, we raise our pro lew t against the impeachment im? plied in his lecture, and say that Vir? ginia is not ashamed of her record on tliis question." Yet, it there is Impeachment of Vir? ginia in the book or in the editorial, there is far more of It both expressed and implied In the latter than in the former. Littt we regard the -whole mat? ter ns simply historical and no more. BUSINESS. Wc nro till more or less self-interested, and if our self-interest makes us help each other in a forced co-operation, let us nut complain too loudly, nor look the gift-horses too critically In the mouth. Yet it is well for trade, commerce, transportation and finance to remember their proper places In the scheme of things, und not to arrogate too much because they make more money than the'producers, do less work, wear liner clothes, have better education and man? ners und altogether have a better time, and therefore should be the masters of nil public affairs, if not nlso of all pri? vate matters. That is to ihiy to pro? ducers and consumers: "After taking the lion's share of production (as all wealth is production) and allowing you fellows us much as wo thought you ought to have and we afford, wo now, as tho ablest, best and richest people (though in a small minority ourselves, we tire the majority In money and oth? erwise) propose and Intend to govern you, nllowing you only so much power, liberty and privilege ns we think best for till concerned.'' That is doctrine that meets us at every turn, more or less plainly stated; it Is the doctrine of money-control, banking, "business," trusts, ring-rule in parties,especially In nominations,expan? sion, militarism?everything. Some lend? ing (administration) journals of the country declare the doctrine; and, ap? plying It to Filipinos and Boers directly and openly, they apply it to all men Are the people of this country going to accept this definition of human rights for themselves and others from McKin? ley und the N. Y. Tribune? Ponder it; for the people are not in it! Head: "The one promise which the President makes is that which he has full power to- carry out, namely, that under the United States Hag In the far off islands there shall come greater freedom, broader justice and better government foj- ail tho Inhabitants. These Are the ends for which self-government is Insti? tuted, and unless those ends enn bo reached seen QOVERNMENT IS A FA Kl 'K AND A FAILURE; HUT IF r 111: V AUK UK ACHED IT MATTERS UTTl.K WHETHER THE BALLOT HAS MUCH OIL LITTLE TO DO WITH THE PROCESS. There tho British provinces and colonies, ns everybody knows, in which brokers and Tammany leaders are unknown, but where justice and real freedom arc not unknown. Tbl? foiinlt-v hp.s "ji-il-Ui mnny localities and many forms to manufacture n genuine free government out of ignorant Inhabitants by balloting machinery, it knows something of the results attained in some Southern Slates ami in some Northern cities. IF IT CANNOT MAKE BALLOTS TURN OUT BETTER GOVERNMENT THAN MILITARY OR EXECUTIVE ORDT5R8 IT 1H NOT GOING TO TURN OVER TIffl PHILIPPINE ISLANDS) TO SAVAGERY UNDER PRETENSE OF MAKING THEM FREE. The President not only grasps this distinction lirmly, but lias profound tnllh that tb:^ great majority of Ameri? cans arc able t.? grasp it. His speeches never tell Ihc level headed voters of this country that we are going to work mir? acles and to create wisdom and habits ? .! self-restraint und r?sueet for order und law among semi-civilized tribes, merely by putting ballots Into their hands. Instead, he tells the volets that Til IS NATION PROPOSES TO CRE? ATE GOOD GOVERNMENT AND FREE GOVERNMENT BY THE BEST AND QUICKEST MEANS IT CAN. GIVING TO THE INHABITANTS AS LARGE A SHARE THEREIN AS THEY MAY HE FOUND CAPABLE OF. CONDUCTING. In that respect i these speeches nro helping to educate i American voters, precisely as America it government in the outlying dop nden oles Is help ???? lo educate their lit Ham* units In THE QUALITIES NECES? SARY TO MAKR SELF-GOVERN? MENT A SUCCESS." .--. CAN YOU SEE IT? i The Police Couri seems suddenly to I be thronged with violators of the Sun? day law in t'u- sale of liquor. Have those people, found guilty and fined. Just commenced violating? it does ; se.-tn strange that i sudden panic of ! violating the Sabbath should nave j fceiacd hold .?!" the good people that are celling whiskey. We are n't a loss to understand why It should be tlie case. That people could !s.i\e conducted their business legitimately .>!! these months, i dosing regularly on Sunday, and sud ! donly broke loose, sj many of them to : gcther, is wonderful. And it is said that they never vio? lated the law except upon the unfortu? nate day when tin y were caught. The police force deserves credit therefore, for their eternal vigilance. may She be always right. < iDccatur was no hair-splitting philos? opher, nor word-weighing orator; but was a hero and a patriot, and his head, heart and -tongue spoke In truth nnd unison when he said: "My Country: May she always be right; 'but right or wrong, my country!" Who dare criticise that noble profes? sion of fwith? "My country," first, be? fore every other. Who will not repeat and echo that from his soul? "May she always be right," and every good citizen as lie endorses that best of wishes, would become a liar and a traitor if he did not devoutly try to put her right when others were busily mis? leading her, or doing all they could to betray her Into wrong. Yet, "night or wrong, my country!" Yes: for this is ' the country we are to love, cherish and i defend against all comers, under nil circumstances, aye, and oven against those among ourselves who through Ig? norance or perfidy would do her an In- j Jury, either in her honor or prosperity. ? Next to God, our duty is to our coun- i try: and If she be abused by a m.-.lad mJnilstratliori, the highest duty of pa? triotism is to oppose that administra? tion nnd Its policy, defeat It ami re- | place it by another and better one. if a tyrant oppress her people, it Is o?r duty to detihrone him and cast him out, even though wc may have taken a thousands oaths of allegiance to him (for no oaths or pledges can sanctify, <>r justify, or excuse wrong), and establish good government, exercising all its Just powers by the consent of the govern? ed. Above nil, when n. free and righteous government has been sapped nnd ruined by the acts of evil men, and t:he people are suffering from the ty? ranny of oppression and spoliation. Hie faithful citizen, If need be. must fly to arms and shed his blood to redeem the public liberties. Submission? Peace? Harmony? are these, and such as these, the words and sentiments, the Impulses, that our country expects of us at such times? Oh, shame and contempt blight nnd smother such men, If such men can be, unworthy of a country, nnd whom pa? triotism has avoided as honor disdains cowards and cheats! Let no insidious voice lull us into false security, or dis? arm US, by the perjured suggestion that our country can be endangered only by aliens, and that we must honor nnd ofbey the infamous conspirators who betray the sacred trusts that shrink for deliverance and defence. Patriotism scorns partiznnry; and when the latter bullies and blusters, in the streets to silence right nnd truth, the voices of piety and patriotism rise In solemn unity: "That which is mor? ally wrong, can never be politically right!" should a democrat censure iiis party1 This is a ouesblon uppermost In the minds of many Democrats in Virginia at present, Just as It was thought out and settled In Maryland a few years ago when Ralscn and his gang held the party by the throat. At that time, the Baltimore Sun, the recognized exponent of democracy in Maryland and the Valley of Virginia, came boldly to the front, asserted itrs Democratic principle, declared its sub? serviency to no master, save the people nnd the principles of the party, con? demned the men who wore disgracing the party, made a fight against bosslsm, n.nd with the people behind it, over? threw the worst system of despotism that ever disgraced a State. No one ever denied that the men at the head of the party were clever and smart, for it takes a smart man to throttle the people. The trouble was, the bosses were .a little too smart. ? The people, patiently hearing up ttn der the dlsfranchlsement of themselves for the benefit of a few leaders, at last "rebelled" ami the grand old party was no more. We, In Virginia, know what the Dem? ocratic party has done for us. Tn times of trouble and despair, whrn the carpet? bagger put hi's hand Into her treasury: when men unfit to inhabit dives paraded as officers of the law and when men like .lohn Randolph Tucker would not appear before some of her courts, the <dd party made a grand effort nnd placed in power Virginia's own sons. Rut, it must not be forgotten that the party was and still is the people, .and the leaders and candidates were her favored, brilliant and well known sons. Men of Virginia enthused at the men I tlon of Ihclr names and felt honored at honoring them for their reputation had gone nbroad. More important still, the leaders and candidates wore the choice of tlte people. Who will ever forget the grand campaign and glorious victory of the gallant Pitzhugh Dee when he swept the State from the mountain to the sen, reclaiming her nnd placing the old flag once more upon the cnpitol? P.ut there ore no more campaigns now. It is "organization." A few gen? tlemen select the candidate, advise the people they have done so and apply the party lash. Democrats support the ticket, though many were carefully kept from select? ing it. Thoy do It because they think it is the best thing lo do. It would defeat the party t<> do otherwise and no one wishes to do that. Tt is the MBX WHO HAVE DISFRANCHISED THEM, who have turned traitor to the ^cjiuse they represent, that the people wish'to punish. The old party1 with Its principles is the same old party, the friend of Virginia and Virginians, but if it is not soon released from the hands that thro!He It and use it for personal ends, its death will be no surprise. Ther light the Baltimore Sun threw threw on the last Maryland campaign seems to have faded out Mr. Ralscn I and others. ENCUMBERED WITH RICHES. Mr. Alfred Belt Is said to be a Ger? man-born English citizen, now but-4G years of age, who Is estimated to pos? sess not less than $1,000,000,000?one thousand millions of dollars, or one mil? lion thousands of dollars, lie "made" this vast fortune in South Africa out of gold and diamonds, ?'and he Is re? puted to be the wealthiest man in the world. But is lie or the world the bettor or happier for all his gold and diamonds? If his whole hoard, and lie with it (as in lite case of Barney Bar unto), were to sink suddenly in tho deep sea, would the world be any the loser? Gold and diamonds are rtupcrllulties of the su? perfluous*. Gold Is nol money for the I people, but for. representing the amass? ed wealth of millionaires, banks and trusts. It is neither a circulating me? dium, nor a medium of exchange, nor a currency,?because it Is too cc?Uly', too easily abraded, and Its mimed denom? inations are not for lite daily transac? tions of any but the rieh. Meanwhile, .Mr. Beit, out of all his $1,000,000,000, needs only $1,000 for his own just uses of living, and all the rest is the curse 01' his life and of his descendants. Remember Jakob's prayer. A raw tenderloin is hardly worthy of applause 'until a skilled cook has brought it to thai rare ilegrt e so prized by gourmands and gourmets! Yet we find tire critics of the day highly prais? ing "The Sunken Bell," a poem and fairy tale by C!erhart Hauptmann, which has just been translated ?jnto English from th,- Germar:. Speaking of one of the characters, who may be called the heroine, one of Die critics says: Tho person of parl-louUir fascination here, Hau tendeleln. is a llgiiro to be re? membered. A most engaging crehturc she is. combining all mortal attractions with the fluent fnlry dualities. With what n tongue of music, with what lightness and prottiikss "f Imagination, with what charminghffee nth not' petu? lance, dees she address tin- bewildered bee that is constrained to buz* about her as site combs her shining hair In the opening scene. Evidently the author mimed this ex? quisite creature, pet hap - no ? hie dously, from the inner feelings of bliss some time or another excited by a rtclic lously under-done beefsteak, which ap? peared to ls!s enthusiastic memory and imagination ns "Raw tenderloin"! Still, ?It, may be said by carpers that the name is'too sanguinary for a fairy tale. Tho New York Journal is 11.1t increas? ing its credit among Americans, and others who love liberty and independ? ence, by taking the British side against the Boers, and employing ns its wur enrrespondent in South Africa a person who speaks of himself and the British as "we." The credibility of the Jour? nal's war-news is not Increased by the correspondent's frequent use ot "we-" or "our" in such sentences as th?|se: "The Boers moved yesterday lo Ilnt tlngspruit, on the railway, seven miles north of Glencoe, cautiously feeling their way along. They w re nearly dou? ble our numbers but ten a man in the camp felt the least fear of'the result "t" Die forthcoming light. A hurricane passed through some Western forests a few days ago and immediately lumber commenced going up. .Take Kllraln having come to life once more, was promptly knocked back into oblivion. Has anybody said this week that the Philippine war will soon be over? XI?TK> ASH ori.vki.xs. AS WE'LLi AS TO SOLVE A PROB I iEM OP T( l-DA Y. Tax the "Trusts" to pay old-ago pen? sions, silggi -is Hon. .lohn t.'. Chase, Mayor r.f Huv< rliill. Mass.. in an article on the subject In the November "New L'ipplnt ot:" Laiid nioirbnoly is not what we are suffering under so much as industrial monopolies. \V? (to not suffer from a system of land monop dy so much as we do through Die gigantic combinations of capital in industrial enterprises. These combinations are constancy growing more powerful. They are in a pOftltion to levy a tux on the paople at will and force them lo pay. My meth? od would be to levy a tax on them for the support of the aged and helpless. Whenever a combination Is perfected and organized into a. trust or monopoly for Die purpose of controlling any In? dustrial enterprise, a large number of persons ore thrown out of employment, and, secondly, the profits 01" the enter? prise. Which formerly went to many persons, are concentrated in Die hands of a few Individuals, and 1 say that these two facts ahme are mvough to convince us thai foe trusts should pro-? vide for thora whom they rob of .em? ployment. The most feasible plan, therefore, that I could suggest, ?would be this: Each State to cre.lte an "Old Age Pension Commission," whose duty it would be t,> ,???-?(?( rtain the number of laborers above the ago of say fifty-live, and disburse among them tho amount due them each month or each quarter, as u pension in part payment for serv? ices rendered, the State to raise the funds by an annual lax on all corpora? tions and industrial combinations. This Is a crude outline of a plan which, of course, could bo improved upon, but one which will servo ns n menus of showing the Vnes along which the plan could be carried out. Tit AG-BOY MI'ST END. (Washington Post.) Humanity demands n cessation of lite murderous 'bungling in Luzon. Good f.-BOju, and national honor require th< pacification of Cuba arid the political rehabilitation of the Cubans. This tragedy must end and end soon. Kx Istlng conditions projected Into the I coming year will put a conclusive end to Mr. McKinley s public life. (Wilson (N. C.) News.) Atlanta hns tho polly-wobbles about her big day this week. Dewey wont come. Schley can't come, but Brumby will got th>re to get his sword. Rather titan have Atlanta, disappointed in hav? ing a big man, let's get-Governor Rus? sell to go. Pianos Sold Like Five years ago you had to pay $100 for a bicycle. Aluch belter ones can be bought to? day for less than one-half that jamount. "Sharp competition and more economical ways of | ! selling have brought about the j change. The prices of pianos have kept up under the old method of selling them. You pay can? vassers, teachers, commission? ers, hauling from house to house until some one is found who will pay the price, co!lec-| tor's expense besides the deal? ers, expense and profits, all (amounting to as much as the original cost of the piano. Do you care to save all of the above ? If so, call at 192 Church street, select your piano from a large stock, get a new one direct from (lie fac- 1 lory and save at least $1)0. Our wareroom was no more than open yesterday morning when customers began mak? ing selections. Our tirst day's sale exceeded our most san? guine expectations, and from indications the stock will be gone before the 14 days are up. Quality tells, pi ices sells. $450 pianos for 5284 $400 " " $258 $375 " " $2!8 $300 " " $156 $225 " " $96 $2Q0 " " $87 $400 "??'f$240 The above prices are for pianos only, but delivered anywhere in the city. Scarfs and stools furnished at cost price. Best stools, $1.50 ; finest scarfs, ?2.00. Terms: From $20 to $2$ cash, and from $8 to $10 pei month, 6 per cent, interest. No discount for cash except saving of interest. If you are in the market to buy a piano come and see what we can give you. Open evenings. C. Jelllson, FACTORY. AGENT. 192 GHURGH ST. s.pHQOiS. AND COLLEGES ATTEND THE SMSGHT SCHOOL ?SJ o m H 09 O o o r ?AT THE? Southern Shorthaud and Business University (Also purchaser:! of tho Columbia Bus? iness Collogc). Corner Grahby street and City Hall avenue. Individual Instruction. J. M. UliSSLEll, President. 'Phono (new) -130. . . - T HIS- ? NBTtipill & WRENH CO., NORFOLK. VA. WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS ?IN? We now have on our yard a Block of r^cshly mined and cnolve ANTHRACITE COAL. Our customer;" would do well to plncO their nrdrr.? and lay In ihelr winter sup. j ply while tin; coal is dry, flesh and clean. Pocahonlas Steam Coal a specially. Get our prices before buying elsewhere. Pine &n<.\ Oak Wood 1 of the very bes*t quality on this market; MtWcd, laplll and delivered as tcqiilred. Your orders are respectfully sulieiu-d. iljl NORFOLK, VA. ni.n 'PliONES. 5-lil and 23tl. NEW 'PHONES. IS ind 2*. Fresh Lend Piaster AUGUST 12. NOW LANDING. COAL TIE PINE T?R in oil, pork and pine barrels. Shell Lime Mo. 1 Hock Lime JOHN 0. GftMnGE W00DSIDE.S WHRAF. Our Anthracite Cqnl hits the highest mark of coal quality. Free from slat; and slate; you fret nothing but coal. It paya you to buy this kind. Geo. W. Taylor & Co., 61 Granby St., Norfolk, Va. Jol:i) L. Roper. President. TUZCWCII Thompson. Treasurer. Louis T .Doblc, Secretary. the: 2U MAIN STREET. Transacts a Kcneral insurance business through its agency department. "before "the "war, please send me a roast of beef since the war, send me a roast of home killed beef No danger, we have none but our own killed Beef, Veal, Lamb anJ Pork, Lard, Saussage, etc. OPEN ALL DAY. BOTH PHONES. J. So Bell, Jr? &Co., Corner Queen and Church Sts. OLD PHONE i33. _NEW PHONE 101?. BEN J. L. DOZIER, Livery, Boarding and Transient Stables, Gl, 63, 6S Covo Strcot. G. S. PHONE, QW. Everything new and up-to-date.