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Looking Forward With Pleasant Antici?
pation In Luzon to the Advent of the Holidays. THERE is a spirit of change In the air about Manila at the present time. Once more the broiling sun? shine is steeping the streets and the rice flats. The City quivers in the languors of the tropics again, the rains! have ceased to deluge the country and the wagon roads are slowly but surely drying up. . Experience has the habit of making the strangest tbing3 commonplace. In a very short tlmo the most outlandish customs lose their plcturcsqucness. The I American soldier bus come to look upon most of the strange sights and scenes !"" In this strange land as the merest com? monplaces. Yet there is much still in the Philippines to be seen and heard that is most interesting and surprising. In the first place, the renewal of ac? tivities against Agulnaldo and his men has furnished many fresh examples of daring, adventuro and bravery among j both men and officers In our ranks. The | roads are now passable for wagons and I CHRISTMAS DAY IN CAMP. ? artillery, and Luzon is no longer a land | of mud and ruin. The old, eternal i chase after Aguinaldn the eellike has started up again in full earnest, and! while many of the American oilicers here are hoping that the insurrection I will be put down by Christmas time, front present appearances it looks as if' the campaign could not draw to a close before a complete American cordon has; been drawn about the entire island of Luzon and then slowly concentrated on; the ubiquitous general of the Filipino".' Time after time the news has gone i thrilling through Manila that Agulnaldol had been surrounded and that a day or! two would see his finish. Just when we were getting ready to see him led captive into the streets of Manila tho news has come of his escape. Each time he has done ihe disappearing act with astounding celerity and left our men wondering whether ho were a will-o'-the-wisp or a living man. When General Young effected his junction with General Wheat?ri and the three armies under MacArthur, Law ton and Wheaton thought they had the insur? gent leader and his main force horntnod in before thorn somewhere between Cuyapo, Gcrona and Hi. Jean do Gulm ba, there was much disappointment when it was learned that the enemy had escaped and had in all probability Made its way In force to thp mountains. The pertinacity of the Filipino, in fact, when everything Is considered, cannot but appear wonderful. Every day fresh evidences bob up serenely to show that these native insurgents ure suffering from diseases to on extent undreamed of In tho American camps. They have little or no medicine, their food is poor and scanty, their hospitals are filthy and vilely mnnaged, and they are dying by the dozens, and not on a battlefield, either. Time after tlmo our men have captured stores and arm3 and ammunition from tho ene? my in quantities that must have been a severe blow to them. Lint such Is tho nature of tho Filipino and tho present war that tho struggle continues, and not for one moment does General Otis Und it possible, us the year drags on, to relax his vigilance or think of drawing off his men for the sake of celebrating Christmas in the good old fashioned American style. And speak? ing of Christmas reminds mo that a number of tho men out hero have al ready received boxes from home, sent i early In the season so ns not to meet | with atiy delay on account of belated 1 transports and tardy forwarding olli cors.v These lucky fellows are the en? vied of their camp, ns may bo well imagined. Some of these boxes and hampers are carefully marked "To He Opened on Christmas Morning," and these, as a rule, have been duly looked over and inspected and smelled at by the ontin company, with many wild guesses as to their con? tents. There are hampers, too, for boys who are far distant on the firing line nnd who will probably not i h.tvo a chance to open them until long after Christmas has coino nnd gone. Two days ago n big box came for a private In one of our western coin panics, it was marked with the In? scription, "Open on Christmas Eve." It will never be opened on Christmas eye>, because the poor fellow was burled at Ht. Isidro three weeks ago. The men nnd oflicers who have been arriving at Cabanatuah from General Lawton's force describe the campaign during the last few weeks as one of , great hardship. The roads inland are! still?or at least at tfint time were?in a terrible condition. Many men who dropped behind sick hud to be left at different towns along the line of march. In a great number of eases these sick had to be left with inadequate supplier and attendance, though some of them, it Is true, struggled back heroically and desperately through the mud and swamps. General Lawton foresaw that this campaign would involve tremen? dous hardships and almost insuperable obstacles, but It had been determined at headquarters that the war must be brought to a speedy and definite end, and it was not for him or his men "to question why." I have not been with Lawton's divi? sion for some time past, but those men now in Manila who hove lately return? ed from up country describe the condi? tion of many of Lawton's men In very pitiful language. A great number of the horses have died, and men and offi? cers could be seen pushing on over the terrible roads and through the jungles looking more like savages than soldiers of Uncle Sam. Many have had their clothes literally torn to pieces In mak? ing their way through the jungles of that rough district, and some of them have been reduced almost to breech cloths and nothing more. Hundreds of them were barefooted, having worn their shoes out, and often their diet has been bananas and caraboa meat, provisions being scarce. Caraboa meat, by the way, Is a del? icacy unknown to most Americans. The caraboa Is the Filipino name for the water buffalo. They are abundant in parts of Mlndoro, I am told, and Luzon, Ncgros and Mindanao. Tho natives catch them when young and tame them, using them as beasts of burden. j when they enn be sold for anything ranging from $10 to $30, the prico de? pending on tho local demand. The Fi? lipino method of stalking the wild water buffalo is Interesting. The nativesalways go out on moonlight nights, using tame caraboas for decoys. Behind these tama animals they creep up to their game and then hamstring them with two quick blows of a machete. Now, al? though the caraboa Is an unconscion? ably slow nnd slothful animal at most times, he is a dangerous foe when he has but one leg wounded, so the Filipino who does not get in his work at just the right moment Is likciy to pay for his bungling with his life. So as food the water buffalo Is not the most delicious thing that can be Imagined. His favorite pastime is! wallowing In the filthiest mud bath he j enn iind for himself, nnd this, naturally, j when remembered at a meal of his flesh, does not exactly whet the np petite of the consumer. And tough and' tasteless his liesh is, sinewy and nl-': most revolting to tho civilized palate, j though the natives are very fond of such meat. Speaking of this animal reminds me; that some of our officers here have at-j tempted to make use of the earaboa as a mount, but their efforts have not been altogether satisfactory. His peculiar disposition, in the first place, makes, him a rather unreliable means of con* ; veyanc'o, and. though ho can go whero no horse would, venture, ho Is us slow as molasses in winter 'ami a most, un? comfortable, brute to sit astride. Be? sides this, he has an inborn prejudice against white men. He can scent them a mile 'away and usually runs like a Filipino when he sees an American. He also declines to work In the middle of the day when the sun Is hot. If goaded on, he will wabble forward at such a time at a snail's pace until he sees some Inviting mud puddle. There are plenty of these in Luzon Just at the present time, as one or two of our ofll cers have found to their sorrow when their cavalry mounts have suddenly bolted and lunged over In three feet of Philippine mire before the said oflicers had even time to fling themselves from the back3 of their buffaloes. One of the Interesting features of army life in the Philippines today Is the army chaplain. It may sound surpris? ing, but the chaplain is usually the most popular Individual In his com? pany. That is, I think, because the American army chaplain is something new In bis way and is nearly always a good fellow as well ns a good Christian. For instance, the Rev. Henry Swift, chaplain of the Thirteenth regiment, now at Fnslg, Is not above going out and taking part in breastwork life. He Is alwuys ready to give a helping hand to any soldier boy in distress, making himself as useful on the other six days | of the week ns ho is necessary on Sun? day. In fact, Sunday is generally ob? served here, and all stores and saloonB are kept most strictly closed. Only drug stores nnd restaurants can be found open on that day. und the trim native police and the provost guard of soldiers see that the Sunday rule is strictly enforced. Some of the chaplains with our army here do not afTcct the clerical costume, but don the uniform of the soldier and go nbout with a pistol In their belt and a Bible in their saddlebags?one of the essential little ironies of martial life. Such a chaplain lives with the soldiers and as one of them. He Is a thoughtful fellow, and in his kit he carries paper and envelopes and writing materials, and the boys always know to whom to go when they want to write home. When the day of rest comer,, he usu ully announces service In a henrty voice, something like: "Well, boys, this Is Sunday, you know. What do you say to having a hymn together?" In the trench, or tinder some shadow? ing tree, or In the tents of Uncle Sam the ceremony takes place, some simple old home hymn often bringing tears to the eyes of those stout men who are battling so far from home. Sometimes, too, the service Is interrupted by the whistle of n few Mauser bullets, ac? cepted, as a rule, by both the chaplain nnd ills congregation as a disagreeable but unavoidable nuisance. WILLIAM H. WALTERS. Manila. _ A T1MK OF HEJOICIXQ. There are few things In existence to? day which have not been changed or molded In the hands of progress. One by one legends and customs have been disproved nnd overthrown, yet none has dared attack the legends and the cus? toms sacred to Chrlstmastide. Here and there a savant has tried to prove that Dec. 25 does not mark the birth? day of Christ. Men and women read, smile, pass on. The time of year corresponding to our Christmastldo has always been a period of rejoicing. It marks the winter sol slice. The days begin to lengthen, nnd the sun no longer Journeys away from earth, but enters upon his return. It Is a promise of renewed light and warmth, of the approach of the summer days, and men hailed those signs with every expression of gladness. In Rome the Saturnalia, or feast of Saturn, fell ut about the same time ns our Christmas, and it marked the greatest festival of the Roman year. The city abandoned itself to gnycty. Unbounded license held sway; univer? sal mirth was the order of the day; friends feasted friends, and foes were reconciled. There were no slaves, no masters; till social distinctions were laid aside. Work was stopped through? out the city, and no war was ever en? tered upon at this time. , The tree as the emblem of life also figured conspicuously i?i the earlier re ligkms. In Egypt the palm tree put forth a new shoot each month, nnd at the time of the winter solstice it was the custom among the Egyptians to decorate the houses with a branch of palm bearing 12 shoots. In Rome the fir tree was regarded with veneration, and during the Saturnalian festivities the halls and houses wcro hung with evergreen boughs. In England, in the days of the Druids, the houses were docked with evergreens In order that tho sylvan spirits might repair to their grateful shelter and re? main protected from the nipping frost and the lev winter winds. Farther to the north the wild Teuton tribes worshiped their god in wooded places and looked upon the fir tree ns his sacred emblem. The period corre? sponding to the Roman Saturnalia was the festival of Thor. This festival, like the Roman feast, was given over to the most barbaric pleasures and the wild? est forms of enjoyment. Among these peoples it was known ns Yuletldc. MEAMNGS OF CnitlSTSIAS DAIN TIKS. Almost as important ns the gift giv? ing and gift receiving on Christmas day is the feast of dainties spread on that festal occasion. But even the Christ? inas dinner has its origin in the dim, distant past. Feasts were always tho accompaniment of any festlvnl. In Egypt, at tho winter solstice, every family killed and ate a goose as a re? ligious observance. In the hieroglyphic language of the Egyptian, the figure of a goose was the word "child." The people had noticed that the goose was remarkable for tho way in which it protected its young; hence it was looked upon as the sym? bol of great love?that love which Is willing to sacrifice Itself for the object of its affection. This trait was also believed to belong to the god they wor? shiped, so the Egyptians celebrated this festlvnl by killing nnd eating a goose. The plum pudding as a dish in the Christinas feast has Its meaning. The number and richness of its Ingredients represented tho rich gifts which the kings laid at the feet of the child Jesus. In earlier days the mince pie, then a great pastry dish, tilled with force? meat and fruits, was made box shaped, to typify the manger in which tho Child had lain. mm would Blest tears of penitence and long lost joyH Auspicious showers, precursors of a Sptl Of hope and gladness?strangers since a bo Of peace that love divine alone, jcari ?:6rwg^-^ - i $jfap! hcavcnSorn music, Advent song divines Sweet voice which did the flood of ruin stein ^Yc but the means?the praise be wholly thine. Incarnate Cod and Babe of Bcthlehem> ? NEIL MACDONA~?i$i} 1 Christmas Among The Cowboys. ACHRISTMAS on the cnttlo trail of southern Utah anil Arizona Is a lively affair and has in its celebra? tion the elements of both amusement ami danger. The danger adds zest to the event, which Is looked forward to With much anxiety by the cowboys. Early on Chrislmns morning the cattle? men round up at tho nearest village, which Is inn inly composed of saloons, with their necessary adjuncts?gam? bling rooms. The "boys," mounted on their mustangs, charge upon the village with a whoop and a yell, llrlng a volley as they enter. Every one rushes to tho door of his hut to see the grand en? try, rind another volley is lireii an tney draw up in front of tho most popular saloon. In front there Is a long rack or log into which pegs have been driv? en. This is the hitching post, and after ;each of the boys has thrown the rein over a peg they enter the saloon in a| body. The door Is wide, having been j constructed on lines favorable to tho admission of large crowds or a hasty exit when there is more than the usual amount of trouble. The cattlemen are each armed with a rille, a pair of revolvers and a bowlel ! knife. The rille Is left swinging from j the saddlebow, but the revolvers and I bowlc knife are carried along as an i i evidence of good faith and to piny an: \ important part in the celebration fes- | ; tivitles. The boys line up In front of the i \ counter two or three deep. The bur- ] keeper at once Bets out the black bot ties. They know what Ihey want, whis? ky being the only kind of drink tlu-y have. The hoys drink and fall back and amuse themselves by firing at pictures on the wall, generally patent mcdicltla advertisements. They occasionally take a shot at one of the bottles, knocking off tiie neck. On special occasions like Christmas the proprietor usually strings several tin cans along the top [of the doorway for target practice.! j This eaves his bottles and somewhat i quiets his fears as to the result of a chance shot in his direction. I This "pleasantry," as It Is termed, Is not resented by the saloon men or the people of the town. It would be use? less and lead to more serious shooting, as tho cattlemen aro expert shots and ready at all times for a gun fight. Furthermore, their custom is profitable ! ?they are the main support of the sa i loons and gambling houses in these frontier villages. j Tho day is spent In drinking, horse racing and "shooting up tho town." The feats of horsemanship aro remark? able, also the marksmanship, and n great deal of money Is bet, also whisky, for every event presupposes drinks for i those engaged at the cost of the loser. ' One of the feats is that of a horse? man running at full speed and checking the animal to a full stop within the space of a horse blanket. Tho very sud i den stop is likely to throw the rider ] over tho horse's head unless ho, Is very expert. The cruel Spanish bit Is used ' in this feat, and It is extremely hurtful i to tho animal. i Another feat is that of tossing up n silver dollnr while at full speed and shooting a hole through it. If a chick? en is seen running through the street. It is at once beheailed by a pistol shot, which, by the wny, Is on ordinary shot at a distance of 60 yards. The cowboy does not raise the revolver and sight it, but shouts as he raises it to his side 111 the position of his elbow resting against the right side. This degree cf expertness Is acquired only after loug practice, and a necessity for being quick with a gun has tended to bring it about. Willie the ?average shooter Is raising his weapon to sight it the cowboy, who has only to raise his "hardware" about half the distance, has brought down his victim. After these exercises gambling is in order, faro being the principal game. The cowboys are reckless bettors and lose with gracefulness, but when some -ot the bunko?sneaks attempt to rob them by means of a "brace game" he is usually shot dead in his chair without ceremony and quite cheerfully. Tho cattlemen understand all of the tricks of that trade, having learned from ex? perience, and when one of the "skin game" dealers Is k.lied the proprietor hastily disclaims any previous knowl? edge of tho attempt ut swindling. Tho game Ih continued and the affair soon blows over. To attempt to arrest one of them would cause a general fight, and the citizens would get much the worst of the engagement. In the evening there Is a "grand ball" at one of the "music halls," tho muslo consisting of a squeaky violin and a "hurdy gurdy" organ. Tho repertory of the artist on the violin is limited to : two or three hackneyed ulrs and there ! Is little difference In his playing?each ! seems alike. A poster at the door of the "ballroom" reads. "Gentlemen will please check their revolvers." But this la a mere matter of form, and It is not expected that any ono will obey the In? junction, and they do not. When the dance becomes unusually lively, the amusement Is increased by some of the cowboys shooting out tho lights. This Is an old form of amusement, and now i the inconvenience is anticipated by ' having on hand a supply of extra i lights, so that the dance may be a con I tinuous affair. After each dance the' ! gentleman waltzes his more or less fair 1 partner up to the bar. This Is a point of etiquette that is seldom if ever omitted. The ball continues until daylight, un lesB there has been a very serious shooting affair and several people kill? ed. Tho wounding or even the killing of one person is not considered of suffi? cient Importance to break up the fes? tivities of an event which comes "only once a year" and which the cattlemen have waited so anxiously to participate In. The corpse Is removed, the blood washed from tho floor nnd the frontier revelry continues. It Is seldom, how? ever." that there aro such embarrass? ments. The cowboys are usually In the majority nt theso functions, and their" well known desperate character and disposition act ns a leaven toward keeping down such diversions. It Is only when a discordant element of miners and teamsters appears at these socials that the programme is varied I by an occasional killing. 1 J. M. SC AN LAN-D* THE STOHY OF;SANTA In Germany ana other Ec countries It was believed by tl dren that the tree glittering?-* dies and ' bright'baubles a^d -: found beneath th? treu were lifcp.<K of jolly old St. Nicholas,.; '0t$tmt^^. olnus, or Santa Claus, as we knowhltn^i This kindly saint was '"'no'. leseM^r^ character. Ho lived:;about''8l^j|^PrV^ and was a noted bishopofV-^-^?iw^>,rH He was looked upon as thOjP^trbjS.^isii?.^ of generosity becaUBe)of his ItljiSrlft^fJ^ Three daughters of a poor, nob^nntJr^^ could not marry as advantage?ualJ.T?fl^;,^ they should -because their,-father;1 could give them no dowry.. But'-pnQirJi>f?^Vit'i one of the daughters found tn her rooni..^? a purse, shaped Ilka a :? Blocking,!'Alle?v.';;;\ with gold, evidently thrd^jn'th'et^^^^ dow by some ona 'from. witSqufflr next night tho second daughter ;f^ul purse in her room, and on the, ' night tho father, cahght S.V. NicSo' the act of throwing tho third Pi. tho window. From that story orIsln'&te?*|ij3 torn of hanging up.' the at?o?iraj Christmas evo. Thereafter thefyoun'g,^ girls at the convent'.Bchqolssvwouldhang ';-? their stockings on thVd6or-'.?ivW|?Si^s^|? ? --???-? ?.'-~'.ro*.i^>stAfc?<a^<4? superior's room ' on l^St; night. On the foHpwMlB? would bo found sfllled^w^^^fft dainties and > lHt?^T^.t|^^^ olas as'to tho' appeujan^^r^p1 of their future husband^. . |, St. Nicholas la th4 .'p'4'tM^.. Russia, and M:i festival used celebrated earlier In ?'ecemb't^JpM 25th, hut now his name ')?'? syn'oH with Christmas' festlvltla^'l^ip Europe he ia knowii-W>*?Eejt5$$ Nicholas with \tha:.fuf>'v)|t*^?I supposed to be .'t?ai^;;Mk]:irai?SW to foot. v> I ?|ShS The Idea of St. ^Ichdla^M a sleigh drawn by winde^/osls? tho cold northern count.rt^*^. deer were the a\rifM?*ii?3HHy"'*~ and they must nead^ffly%aik' to carry St'..':Nlok|f?i^^^j; world In one^.tilgfiiil^^^p^ ?--?>.;:L'v;V',.-;!'?-'-"?V the srsiii' of *?a^a^^; Among the 'Cel^ toe was op,'object;\&l^mm&t tho festival Of ,?t^?lj?^^'Q' Prince of the 'I)rf?jdi5:^t|jg " bough of: lt.:-.'>7TOir>0'^i|^^ bled and 'then ?^^s| tho priests, who-^q^et^^V; , . the company twov^M^^HUsfv'* When the <mk irSV. was f'.-.?;:< bore the?'mlstletoo.-.^th^fflWfigffl with a S?tden^^l^wS^raffl were saci'ificed<v.>^^^KSN^| At present Ife ,Ts''tb? icust^m. young men to carry out the.vj taught by, thf:; acandl^Yl^'mj print ft smacking klab 'on im M maiden ? thcu?*dtJ^M^Mffl^T*' beneath th^'a'yflper '*" * But for every . :u white borrlda;iot->jt^ removed, ali^'?KlK^P_. been kissed aw'ay.'th^^i?AI|i The: ol.Mjjj$S Hampshire la .??. Hampton, vwbfv* sust, wmm