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Virginian-pilot. (Norfolk, Va.) 1898-1911, December 19, 1899, Image 1

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VOL.. IY-NO. 225.
Panic Conditions Precipitated by an
Imperative Need of Money.
Clonrlus Houso Dantu Forced Itnto*
Dowu lo Klx Vor Cout? Cliocltod
(bo Ooelluo and Itrovo (lie Ilciirn
lo Covor?Tlio I'roduco (".xchuiiiro
Xrmi Comptiiiy Fulls?A??ign?
mourn iu Uomtuu mid ISnKlnioro.
(By Ti-lcgraph to Virglnlan-Pilot.)
New York, Doc. IS.?Punic conditions
dcvcpoled on the stock exchange this
afternoon with the Imperative need ot
money developed by the violent con?
traction In values. Stock? were being
thrown over without thb slightest re?
gard to the price they would bring and
at distressing saerifico ot values. No
end to the helplessness of the situation
Boomed in sight, when, In the last halt
hour of the market some $10.000,000 was
offered on the stock exchange by the
concerted action o? the Clearing House
banks to force the rate'arbitrarily down
in six per, cent, without regard to the
distracted bidding at higher rates
which was being done by o;h r brokers
for distressed operators. Tho collapse
iu the money rato checked the decline
mid drove the bears to cover. The re?
coveries produced by their urgent bid?
ding were almost as violent as the de?
clines had been, hut the losses were by
no means entirely retrieved. Large of?
ferings of stocks continued at the rally,
und at some point of the list prices
broke anew before tho close, making
the closing exceedingly irregular and
unsettled. The excitement continued to
tlio end, with it sentiment looking for?
ward anxiously for the developments
of another day. The seriousness of the
crisis has called forth the best efforts
of powerful and conservative financial
Interests, who aro busy concerting
measures to tide over the money diffi?
culties, which beset the ?stock market,
and which, by reason of their extent
and the importance of tho interests In?
volved, threaten to affect the country's
business interests, unless obstacles are
opposed. *
So far as actual newtf was concerned
to-day there wus a suspension by a
newly organized trust company and by
a firm of bankers and brokers, who
have figured as traders in stocks to an
extent of some Importance. Neither
event in itself would have been sulll
cient to precipitate a crisis. But they
were supplemented with a whole crop
of wild and incoherent rumors, which
Spared no interest, however powerful,
long established nnd hitherto free from
suspicion It may have been. One would
think, from the tone of some of the gos
r.ip that was Hying about by telephone,
telegraph and by messenger boy or by
whispers and even by shoutings In the
lobbies of the Slock Exchange, that tho
whole financial fabric had been under?
mined and was about to tumble In
ruins. Yet the day closed with two
failures above mentioned, as-Lho?sum
total of disaster, so far as admitted In?
solvency was concerned. The reason
for the widespread effect upon senti?
ment of the,trust companies' suspension
was that it was one of a large number
of Institutions recently formed on sim?
ilar lines, nnd which have thriven upon
the multiplying of securities incident to
the industrial combinations, which
have been a feature of the past year.
The securities of these combinations
as a class have been In disfavor In Wall
street for many weeks past, and in fact
ever since the headlong inflation in
their prices and subsequent collapse last
spring. Some of the least fortunate of
the new combinations have been affil?
iated with- the trust company which
closed 4ts doors" "to-day. The Incident
canscd~a feeling of distrust with re?
gard to" the wholo cJass of industrial
securities, as Is sufficiently evident from
the Wide breaches made in the values
of this class of securities in the day's
New York, Doc. 18.?The Produce Ex?
change Trust Company, of -this city,
closed its doors 'to-day. A notice upon
the door says that the company sus?
pended payment ponding a readjust?
ment of Its affairs.
A statement of the compnny's condi?
tion at the close of business Saturday
last shows assets, $11,710,600, including
syndicate loans of $4,423.500: demand
loans. SGRn.000: cash on hand. $118.000;
cash In Western Nntinnal Bank, $533,
000; cash in National Citv Bank. $100,
000; cash In First National Bank. Jer?
sey City, $100,000; cash in Standard
Bank. $2011.000.
The Produce Exchange Trust Com?
pany was organized a couple of years
ago with a capital of $2,500.000. and had
a reported surplus and undivided profits
at this time of over $2,000,000. Its bus?
iness was chiefly with merchants,
tradesmen and corporations in its im?
mediate vicinity, and it was also sup?
posed to do some of the banking busi?
ness of the Standard Oil Company. It
had been designated by the banking de?
partment of the States as a legal depos.
itory for State moneys and municipal
moneys, as well as for the funds of pav?
ings banks and State banks. The offi?
cers of tho company are: President,
Turner A. Reall: Yice-Presldents, Ed?
win Gould, Thomas A. Mclntyre nnd S.
P. Scudder;. Secretary and Treasurer,
p. L. Chamberlain; Assistant Secre?
tary-Treasurer, Willlnms Laws.
The officers of {he company declined
to see any body or give anything for
publication beyond this supplementary
statement that was posted on the doors
some time after IX o'clock.
"The Immediate cause of the suspen?
sion of the company is its inability to
convert its securities Into cash in time
to meet the sudden and abnormal de?
mand made upon It."
The special committee appointed to
examine the affairs of tho comoany
organized by electing Edwin Gould
chairman. The committee was in ses?
sion nil afternoon and the early part
of the evening. .The result of the com?
mittee's deliberations is given in the
appended statement:
"The special committee, consisting
of Messrs. Gould, Bldwetl, Malier.
Bralnerd and Armstrong, appointed by
the board of directors of the Produce
Exchange Trust Company to look
after its assets and affairs, have ex?
amined the condition of the bank as
fully as the limited time at its disposal
has permitted. The committee is well
assured, as jp result of such examina?
tion, that'every depositor will be paid
In full, and that a large surplus will
remain for the stockholders. Two
dinicullies of the company are the
result of the looking up of an undue
nroportion of Its fund3 In loans not
Immediately realizable, and which, it
is believed, It will eventually realize
a very large per ccntage of the amount
loaned. The committee is endeavoring
to effect arrangements for the early
payment of the depositors, and also
expects to issue a fuller statement at
a later date."
Superintendent Kilburn, of the State
Banking Department, says that he
warned President Real! of the condi?
tion of the bank, but that the facts
were not communicated to the di?
Baltimore, Md., Dec. 18.?J. William
Middendorf, of the firm of Middendorf,
Oliver & Co., and H. Irvine Keyser, of
this city, are directors in the Produce
Exchange Trust Company, of New
Yo'rk. as Is also J. Skolton Williams, of
Richmond, who Is president'of the Sea?
board Air Line Hallway Company.
Mr. Middendorf, speaking of the fail?
ure, said: ?
t "Of course the news of Hie failure Is
most unwelcome, but it will not be so
far-rear-liing as some people suppose.
The affairs of the concern ?were- re?
cently Investigated by an expert and
found to be In good condition, hence I
believe the suspension has been brought
flbputt by the unsatisfactory state of the
money market. The company was in?
terested as a subscriber to the syndi?
cate formed for the purpose of financing
the proposed reorganization of the Sea?
board Air Dine, but Its suspension will
In no way Impede the progress of that
reorganization, which is now praatlcally
an accomplished fact."
New York, Dec. IS.?The suspension
of the firm of Henry Allen <fc Co., hank?
ers and brokers, was to-day announced
on the Stock Exchange.
The suspension Is attributed to the
failure of some of Its customers to re?
spond to calls for additional margins
mado necessary by recent declines. The
house has been known n6 a trader on
rather an extensive scale.
Baltimore, Dec. IS.?The Charles A.
Vogolcr Company, druggists, consisting
of Christian Dovries and hin wife, for?
merly Mrs. Minnie A. "Vogolcr, have
made a general assignment for the ben?
efit of their creditors. Henry S. Du.
lany, who has been for many years the
general manager of the company, I? the
assignee. No statement of assets and
liabilities has been made.
(By-Telegraph to Virglnian-Pllot.)
Washington, D. C, Dec. 18.?After
the passage to-day by the House of
the financial bill, the Silver Republican
leaders in .the cily held a meeting and
adopted an address setting forth their
views as to Its effect. The address
recites the record of tho Republican
?party on the financial question and
criticises the new currency bill in the
following terms:
"Steps are now being taken to insure
that the gold standard shall bu 'pre?
served.' The present bill 'preserves' it
with a vengeance. The vast bonded
debt of the country, now payable in
'coin' that is either In gold or silver, is
to he made payable in gold alone.
Nearly half a billion of standard sil?
ver dollars, heretofore not redeemable
111 anything not constituting a burden
on cither the gold reserve or the credit
of the government, bur forming a large
percentage of our basic money, are
hereafter-to be redeemable in gold, thus
increasing tremendously the strain on
that metal and becoming an 'endless
chain' with which to pull gold from tho
Treasury and affording an excuse for
the final destruction of the stlve^r dol?
lar as money, and their forced sale as
bullion, after the manner of the Ger?
man piocedurc In 1872.
"The greenbacks, 'the best paper
money the world ever saw, the prod?
uct of the patriotism and statesman?
ship of the Republican party in the
days of Abraham Lincoln, are to be
virtually destroyed by being changed
Into gold certificates, to be locked up
in tho Treasury and paid out only lor
gold. The tax on the circulation of
the national banks is to be reduced
and the amount of the bank currency
they may issue on Government bonds
deposited is to be increased from DO
per cent, to par of the bond,: thus
making their business enormously more
profitable, opening the way to an im?
mediate possible inflation of bank
notes, not legal tender, excellent for
getting into debt on, but unavailable
for getting out of debt with, to the
extent of $S00.000.000; and placing the
regulation of th'e volume of money,
and hence the determination of prices
and the burden' of debts, absolutely In
the power of the banks and the cred?
itor class."
The nddress appeals to Bepnbllean
blmetallists to oppose the present finan?
cial tendencies of their party. It is
signed by Charles A. Town's; chairman
committee; Henry M. Toiler, R. F. Pet
tlgrew, Frank J. Cannon, Edgar Wil?
son, Charles S. Hartman, J:hn Sha
I froth and Fred T. Dubais.
The Latest Important Developments
in South African War.
Lord Kltcliouor Named. a? Cblef ?I
Stall" of Kcw Couininu(ter?iu?Clilel
?Cnsnnltlea unnuel* lw vor Battle
du -rtiuiii',' ? Urtflob General
French Forced (o Wttltdrnw?Gen
ernl Gittncro'n Guides Fonnil Dead
(By Telegraph to Virginian-Pilot.)
I-.ondon, December 18.?The latest
important development In the South
African war is that Field Mar-j
shal Lord Frederick Sleigh Hob-i
crts has been appointed commander-in
chlef of the British forces in South Af?
rica, with General Lord Horatio Her?
bert Kitchener as his chief of staff.
Roberts thus in effect supersedes
General Sir Redvers Buller, who had
previously been appointed commander
ln-cniof. Buller, it Is believed in Lon?
don, will continue to direct the opera?
tions In Natal.
Roberts is rated the most popular
I Major General Wnuchope, who commanded the Highland briKnde, nnd T/iimi
tcnunt Colonel Downman o? the Gordon higblnnders were among the Uriiish of
fceers killed at Magersfniitcin. Commandant Albrecht is in command of the Or?
ange I'reo State artillery.
1-:-?-1_ _
and by many the most brilliant soldier
in England, He Is at present command
cr-ln-rhlef of the forces In Ireland. His
son, Hon. F. H. S. Roberts, was a lieu?
tenant in Buller's army, and was mor?
tally wounded In last Friday's battle
at Colenso.
Steps have been taken to send still
more reinforcements to South, Africa.
"When the additional troops arrive.
Lord Roberts will have an army of
140,000 men.
The British losses In tho battle of
Colcn.-.o were 1,007, divided as follow.*:
Killed, 82; wounded, CG7; missing, 1548.
This is the heaviest loss susta'ned in
any single battle of the war. The Boer
loss has not been made public.
A revised list of the British losses at
the battle of Magersfontcin, in which
Gen. Lord Taul Methuen was repulsed
on Monday of last week, puts the total
at 9G3. The total previously reported
was 832.
The latest figures, based on revised
lists from London, bring tho known
British losses in the war un to 7.630,
Including killed, wounded and missing.
If General Methuen can hold his po?
sition at the Modder River a few days
longer he will probably be reinforced
by a.t least ft.000 men.
Geheral Gatacre has again established
his headquarters .it Sterkstroom, 25
miles in a straight line and 40 miles
by rnil south of Stormborg, the scene,
of his recent defeat.
A dispatch from Sterkstroom states
that as a result of the British reverses
Continued on Page 11.
Bills Affecting the City's Interests
Now Before General Assembly.
TIio IInn?o Adopt* Touimgo Tnx of
Xwcnly Five Out* ? I>olcun?o
VTI.lteltentl Wnrmly ('o.>crn>tt.lat<*tl
?Knttiro of Acol.olto DrlnKS lo IK'
Tnngltt tu r.ibtic sctiuola?Bit!?
liltloiliicml ami Pttased or I'lucoit
on Cnlontliir.
(Special to Virginian-Pilot.)
Richmond, Va., Dec. IS.?The feature
of the day in the Legislature was the
passage of the bill providing fur a ton?
nage tax of 25 cents on fertilizers.
Strong opposition was expected, but
Messrs. John Whltchead and iPcather
stone, the leaders of the advocates of
the measure, made such n vehement
assault that they carried the fortifica?
tion of the enemy by storm, and when
a. vote was taken only two negative
voices were heard.
The speech of Mr. Whltchend was a
masterpiece of effective oratory and
logic, ami was cheered to the echo.
When lie took his seat numbers of the
old members crowded around him and
congratulated him heartily.
It is exneoted that the Senate will
also pass the bill, but should It come
back to the House it can be stated
authoritatively that the tax will be
raised to 25 cents.
At present there is a (nx of S10 upon
each brand. This tax brings into the
State Treasury only $S,1J0 per annum,
it is said that there nro 300.000 tons sold
each year in Virginia, and the estimat?
ed Income from the proposed act would
be $25,000, after paying all tho expenses
of executing the law.
Captain Feathorstone, who heartily
supported the bill, said to-day:
"All the Southern Status, except Vir?
ginia, tax fertilizers by the ton. North
Carolina Imposes a tax of 25 cents per
ton. No State except Georgia has a tax
of loss than 25 cents.
"The brand tux Is in favor of trusts,
and operates to the disadvantage ot the
small manufacturer. I hear that the
Virginia-Carolina Chemical Company,
which has 135 brands, would bo willing
to have the brand tax largely increased.
The company could then reduce the
number of its brands. The small man?
ufacturer would be unnhle to pay the
Increased brand tax. The Virginia
Carolina Company pays now into the
State Treasury about $3,375 per year.
With a tonnage tax of 15 cents, this
great trust would have to pay about
"The bill provider that the Commis?
sioner of Agricultuee shftrr-condemn and
sell all fertilizers that fall ten per cent,
below their guaranteed value. The
dealers can appeal to the State Board
of Agriculture, whose decision shall be
"It Is proposed to devote all the reve?
nues derived Hffider the bill to the sup?
port of the Department of Agriculture.
At present that department Is serious?
ly crippled?It Is a mere skeleton. - "We
want to make it of value to the farm?
"The tonnage tax will not result In
an increase in the price K>( fertilizers.
The price has been raised $2.50 per ton
without this tax. and the prices have
remained tho same in North Carolina,
where there Is a tonnage tax as in Vir?
Mr. Whltehead also offered in the
House to-day a bill requiring the teach?
ing of the nature of alcoholic drinks
and other narcotics and their effects on
the human system in connection with
tho various divisions of phy.dology and
hygiene in all schools und*r State con?
trol, and in all schools connected with
reformatory institutions. The bill pro?
visos that instruction on the subject
shall be as thorough and systematic as
In other branches of study. Instruction
is graded according to the degree of ad?
vancement of pupils. It Is also provid?
ed thai the best methods of instruction
shall be taught in normal schools,
teachers' training classes and leathers'
Institutes, and no teacher, the bill fur?
ther provides, shall bo lie-used who bos
not passed ci satisfactory examination
in this subject and the best methods of
teaching it.
Other bills Introduced and referred
wore as follows:
Hy Mr. Honaker??To prevent prefer?
ences of creditors by gifts, assignments
or ether conveyances by debtors.
By same?For the roll, f of Jacob J;
Ii. gor. of Bland county.
By Mr- Eurly?For the relief of Har
r.v Snow, a disabled Confederate sol?
dier, of Greene county.
By Mr. D?ke?For iho relief of L. E.
E. tis. M. W, Wlnglield and E. J. Klrby,
disabled Confederate soldiers.
By same?To amend the game law of
the count:- of Albomarle and the city
of Chariot tesvlUc.
l'.y Mr. liowlcs-^For the relief or Mrs.
Martha Ann AI i IT, of Bedford, w'idow of
a Confederate soldier.
By Mr. Kills?For the relief of C. "W.
Nichols, a v.mindod Confederate soldier.
My Mr. Stonor?To allow M. s. Ca
hoon, late treasurer of RototpUrt, fur?
ther lime to nr.il:.> settlement.
By Mr. Ayers?To amend section 3044
of the ("odi! creating separate county
judges for the counties of Buchanan
ami Dlckensou.
By Mr. McAllister?To amend section
717 oC the Code, so as to empower
mayors who may Impose lines to col
hot same by Imprisonment or neces?
sary. (TIerctofbre tho mayors have
had no power to enforce the orders of
?their courts.)
By Mr. Dupuy?For the relief of M. c.
?SjO'rrls, former Chief of Police of Roa
By Mr. Saunders?For the relief of
John c. Mayhem and Joslnh Nieb?lls,
?'on federate soldiers.
Thi' following bills were placed on the
chlendii r:
No. 45?Regulating the appointment
of assessors of lands and lots In the city
of Newport News and providing for
compensation of same.
No. 10?Regulating the appointment
of assessors of land nnd lots in the
county of Warwick and providing for
compensation of same.
No. IS?To empower the Board of Su?
pervisors "i Ulc of Wight to build iron
lu i<iv-. i in tho said oounty.
No. 10?To empower tho Hoard of Su?
pervisors of in.' county of Isle of Wight
to sell and convey and make title to the
"Poor House Farm" In said county.
No. i*0? To amend and re-enact an act
tMttitl<Til an iii'i. In ridartrm?to?the re?
cords of Alexandria county, approved
.Mart h 3, 1S7!).
No. r.l -To incorporate the town of
No. .".:> - Authorizing Hampton to issue
bonds to tho amount of $30,000.
No. 64?Extending and defining the
boundaries of the town of Hampton.
The following bills were passed by tho
Relating to the signing, heretofore or
hereafter, of certain obligations by
corporations as surety, through duly
authorized agents or attorneys in fact,
without tho* use of corporate seal and
declaring the force and effect of the
(living courts of law jurisdiction over
suits on lost past-due bonds, notes or
other written evidence of debt, nnd
enabling said courts to require the
party In whose favor the judgment may
bo rendered to execute propor indemni?
fying bond before execution Is issued.
To legalize primary elections and con?
ventions In Hie county of Culpeper.
To authorise the Norfolk City Coun?
cil to Issue S7f.,ono of bontls upon tho
assessed valuation of Hramblcton "Ward
To amend the act Incorporating tho
Frederlcksburg ond adjacent National
Battlefields Memorial Park Association,
and to add to tho list of Incorporations.
For the relief Of P. D. Divers, treas?
urer of Franklin county, by direct?
ing tho Auditor of Public. Accounts to
Issue a duplicate of a lost warrant.
To Incorporate the New River, Hol
ston and Western railroad.
To amend and re-enact sections 21, 26
and 40 of an act entitled nn not to pro?
vide for working and keeping In order
the public roads of Greene and Madi?
son, approved March 5, 1S54.
In the Senate to-day, Senator R.
Foster offered a bill to amend and re?
enact nn act to amend the charter and
define the boundaries of the city of
Norfolk, In relation to Improvements'
in Bramble I on.
Senator Foster also Introduced a bill
to authorise the Councils of the city
of Norfolk' to Issue bonds, from time
to time, not exceeding $75,000 of prin?
cipal,predicated upon the assessed valu?
ation of the property in Brambleton
Senator Lupton offered a bill to pro?
vide for the appointment' of a Tax
Commission. It recites that our
Continued on Page 8?
Motion to Recommit Cut Off ^bj
the Ruin.
Hbnt tlio Nenate 91ht AccomplUtiMsr.y.?
(ho Way or Legislation for fix* ' ,
rtllllpplurB Is rrublfinnllrnl-"
Honntor aiorzun Vigorously' At*
(ncka (bo Trnill-Senator Bacon
OOor? n Joint Beaolatlon of Id*
?Washington, P. C, Dec. IS.?The. cur- *."/
rency bill, which was debated all last
week, was passed to-day by the House -
by a vote of 190 to- 150. It had tho
united support of every Republican in
tho House and of eleven Democrats
Messrs. Clayton. Drlggs, Fitzgerald,
Levy, Ruppert, Scudder, UndcrhlU ana
Wilson, or New York; McAleer. of
Pennsylvania; Denny, of (Maryland,
and Mr. Thayer, of Massachusetts.
All the * other Democrats voted:
ugnlnst tho measure, or wero paired
toznlnst it, except Mr. John Walter
Smith. Governor-elect from (Maryland;
Mr. Stalling*, of Alabama, and General
Joseph Wheeler, of Alabama.
Mr. Stalllngs, of Alabama, has not
been present In the House this session,
owing to lllnes, and one of his col?
leagues announced that If present. he
would have A'qtod in tho negative.
General Wheeler is serving In the
Philippines. Mr. Smith is, therefore,
the only member of the House who did,
not go on record upon the bill to-day.
When the Speaker announced the re?
sult of the vote, the Renubllcons
cheered lustily. . That was the only
demonstration In connection with the
vote. _ .
Mr. Bartlett, of Georgia, who sus?
tained a severe accident some time ago,
was also present, on crutches.
Neither a motion to recommit nor
an offer of a substitute, as are in order
by the terms ot the special rule under
which the House was operating.
Mr. Galnes (Tenn.) nsked IT It "Was
in order to recommit with Instruction?
to report back a free coinage bill.
"It Is not," replied tho Speaker.
The bill was then read a third time
and placed up.?n Its .final passage.
"I demand the yeas nnd nays," Bald
Mr. Overstreet (Indiana), in charge oT
the bill.
Members rose on both sides en nrasas
to second the demand. "Evidently a
fiuflleleiiL number," said the Speaker.
"The clerk will call the roll."
The roll call was followed with great
Interest. There were no demonstrations
when the Democrats who broke away
from the majority of-their party voted
In the affirmative. The clerk called the
names of the Democrats who declined
to respond, twice on each roll 'call.
Every Republican voted for the b-11,
Messrs. Catchlngs, Mississippi; Camp
bell, Montana; Broussurd, Louisiana;
Robertson, Louisiana; Tavcy, Louisia-,
nti; wore paired against tho bill.
After tho vote the Speaker rather un?
expectedly announced the committee
selections and the reading of the lists
-was followed with intense eagerness by
the members whose opportunities for.
distinction depsiid so largely upon their
committee assignments. The only Inci?
dent in connection with the reading of
the lists was Mr. Bailey's Interrogatory,
of the Speaker as to whether General
Wheeler's name had been placed upon ?
the Committee on Ways and Means.
Speaker Henderson responded In the> ? '.
negative. A vacancy has been left ot?
this committee for General Wheeler.
The announcement of the death of th? .
late Representative Bland, of Missouri,
which occurred last summer, was mada
by Mr. DeArmond, of Missouri, nnd ?
tho House, out of resnect to his mom- *
ory, adjourned until to-morrow at 1:0S
p. m.
What the Senate may accomplish Itf
the way of legislation for the Philip?
pines during 4he present session la
problematical, but that the question ??
will be thoroughly discussed is indicat?
ed by the number of resolutions bear-.aj
inp upon it being Introduced, In oppo?
sition to tho retention by the "United!
States of tho Philippine Islands two '
resolutions were introduced to-day, ono ;
by Mr. Tlllman, ot South Carolina, and
the other by Mr. Bacon, of Georgia.
While they differ la phraseology thelc
intent practically Is tho same?to yield
the Islands to a government to be estab?
lished by the Filipinos themselves. '
Both Senators gave notice of their in?
tention to address the Senate on itheJa .
(respective resolutions.
Continued on Page II.
} T-letrrap* *Jews?Paires l, and il.
1 Local News?Patres 2, 3, 5 and 6.
Editorial?Page 4.
Vinrinii News?Pai;e 8.
North Carolina News?Page 7.
Portsmouth News?Patres 10 and i\
Berkley News?Pa?a ?.
Markets?Page 12.
Shipping?Pace 9,
Real estate?Paga 12. >

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