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.VIRGINIAN AND PILOT PUBLISHING
_COMPANY. _ ?LK VIRGINIA? AND DAILY PILOT (Consolidated March. 1S9S.) Entered at the Postolllce at Norfolk. iVa.. as second-class matter. OFFICE: PILOT BUILDING. L, k CITY HALL AVENUE. NORFOLK, VA. OFFICERS: A. H. Orandy, President: W. S. Wilk Incon, Treasurer; James E Allen, Sccro Uury. BOARD OF DIRECTORS: ? A. H. Grandy, L. D. Starke, Jr., T. W. fhelton, R. W. Rhultlce, W, S. Wilkinson, am es E. Allen, D. P. Donovan. THKliE (iEXTS PEK COPT. SUBSCRIPTION RATES! The VIRGINIAN-PILOT Is delivered, to subscribers by carriers in Norfolk and vicinity, Portsmouth, Berkley, Suffolk. West Norfolk Newport News, for 10 cents por week, payable to the carrier. Bv mail, to any place In the United Elates, postage free: DAIJbT, our jfir - - - CB.oo ? mix. luuiiihi - - - S.OO " lUres nsoutUa . - 1.30 ?* one month ? .<? ? .."JO ADVERTISING RATES: Advertlsc xneatB Inserted at tho rate of 76 cents a Equnre, first Insertion; each subsequent Insertion 40 cents, or 50 cents when In? serted Every Other Day. Contractors nro not allowed to exceed their spa^-e or ad? vertise other than their legitimate busi? ness, except by pay the especially for tho sunt. Reading: Notices Invariably 20 cents per lln* first Insertion. Eaoh subsequent in? sertion IS cents. No employee of tho Vlrglnlan-Pllot Pub? lishing Company Is authorized to contract any obligation In the namo of tho com? pany, or to make purchases In the naini; of too samo, except upon orders signed by the PRESIDENT OF THE COMPANY. In order to avoid delays, on account of personal absence letters nnd all commu Woatlons for Tho VIRGINIAN-PILOT should not bo addressed to any Individual connected with tho otlleo, but simply to FTh? VIRGINIAN AND PILOT PUB? LISHING COMPANY. TWELYE PAGES SATURDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1809. THE NATIONAL SWINDLE. The ablest statisticians of the world have shown, by one hundred of the leading- producta of use and necessity, that values and prices had fallen in the period between 1S73 (the year of silver demonetization and currency contrac? tion), and 1S9G, from 100 cents to 01 cents, or 30 per cent., and that money from the came causes had risen in the Bame ratio, or the same por cent., in the same period. Tn many necessary articles of consumption and exchange the fall had been fifty per cent., with a corresponding rise in the money they could realize In the markets. Since the groat production of gold, the average Increase In the value of commodities hasl been to 70 cents, at compared with 100; cents In 1S73, or 9 per cent., while, gold, or money, has fallen only In the same ratio, or 9 per cent. Now to counteract even this small ameliorative process, wholly due to natural causes (our good crops nnd groat gold production), the currency bill In concocted to still further con? tract our money and currency by a sin? gle gold standard, and by the practical demonetization of silver dollars, green? backs. Treasury notes and silver certi? ficates, which are to ho retired or Im? pounded In a new division of the Trea? sury, to be called the Issue and redemp? tion division, whose operations will speedily exhaust all the gold in the Treasury and require many millions of dollars In new bonds to complete them. It will bo said, of course, that for every dollar so retired, or Impounded gold coin will be Issued to maintain tho cir? culation; but aside from the fact that we shall have to buy most of this gold coin by the Issue of interest-bcarim: bonds, and increase our public debt, we all know that gold is not and never can bo a circulating medium among us, except for banks and bondholders and In large transactions; while aside from the cost and Interest of the gold coin (In the bonds issued to obtain It), It Is not only too costly and dear (by at least 10 times as compared with silver coin, and far more as compared with greenbacks, Treasury notes and silver certificates), but H Is too soft and easily I worn for general use in daily trans? actions. Even In certificates It Is placed far above the average person I by being restricted to denominations of! not less than $20 nnd mostly of greater denominations. But, wo are told, there will he si great Increase of so-called bank-notes, wholly unrestricted in circulation by any tax at all thereon, with full Issue I allowed to the i>nr value of the bonds| deposited merely to secure circulation, but upon which the hanks will receive full Interest from the Trensury. Bu( If these banks And more profit now in speculation In bonds nnd gold than in circulation of notes, which locks up so many bonds (even though Interest ci tinucs to be paid on them), Is It to be expected that In the advantages of bond and gold speculation offered them In this currency hill they will Issue more notes? Hardly. Yet, even if so, what docs government or people gain by losing a government currency of sil? ver and TJ. S. notes to be replaced by bank-notes supplied lo the hanks by our Treasury FOB NOTHING, while 69 out of a hundred of us, unable to borrow for lack of lawful security at 6 . per cent., are forced to borrj&.W our own Treasury notes, indlreotly,* on mort gages, AT PROM 8 TO 20 PER CENT/!? Bonds and gold both will be subjected to an endless chain by this new scheme. The reserves, now Just begun, will be continually raided, and will have to be continually reserved, while the double process will keep large quantities of gold perpetually locked up, or In transltu, and thus contract the supply of gold and enhance its value and cost And what will huppen when all other countries being placed under bonds and fastened to a single standard, like us, the grand scramble for gold beg'/is. with the banks, bondholders and other speculators playing the game with loaded dice? The "reserves'" are ingentus devices to lock up and contrnct the expanding gold money of the world, and keep up Its value: but the money-sharpers know how to raid them, without In? creasing money, while causing ever re? curring new issues of bonds. the robber code. The N. T. Tribune argues that the British are now "vindicated" by the revelation that the Boers were pre? pared for war, and that this prepara? tion was for the purpose of destroying (he British power In South Africa. The Tribune declares that: "That fact 1? now established, part? ly In the testimony which we have quoted, and much more like it, and partly In the great and otherwise un? accountable military potency, in num? bers, euipmcnt, discipline nnd general preparation, which the Boers have de? veloped. It Is no more and no less than simple Justice to both sides to recog? nize that fact. Under 'the good old law' the Boers had a right to try to drive the British out of Africa, and the British bad a right to try to prevent them from doing so; and the present war is simply the culmination of that trial. It Is idle to pretend otherwise." "The good old law" referred to by the Tribune is "the good old rule" mention? ed by Wordsworth In his poem on "Rob Boy's Grave: "For why? Because the good old rule Sufilceth them: the simple plan. That they should take who have the power, And they should keep who can." . That Is the robbers' code, no doubt; but alas for England and the United States, when the leading organ of the latter must resort to such a code for Its best defence of British aggression and spollatlbn! Tlic Boers have the righteous justification for preparation and war In the pleas of self-defence and self-preservation against the con? tinued and endless machinations and assaults of British greed and ambi? tion. The Boers have been driven from two former settlements In South Africa by British violence; and ever since these manly Dutchmen, In pursuit of peace nnd freedom, have fled to the Transvaal, the wiles and brutality of England have sought to despoil them. The Jameson raid was (he last Instance of this, previous to Chamberlain's claims, so obviously intended, by force or fraud, to achieve what the Jame? son robbers attempted in vain. The Boers knew whom they had to deal with, and as It was certain that they must Ignomlnously surrender to Chamberlain, or lly again, or fight, they began to prepare for war, and bo It before their Implacable and unscrupulous enemy could hem them in and overpower them at every point. Of course, on the English side, Cham? berlain has acted, not for the English people, but for Dr. Jameson, Cecil Bhodes and other modern buccaneers that nrc ravaging mankind nnd the world for gold, diamonds nnd all the swag they can roach, from Hong Kong nnd Manila to Timbuctoo, without re? gard to right, or mercy, or the blood and death of their own people or others. Inhuman wolves, tigers, hyenas nnd Jackals, for power, place and pelf, every just man rejoices over the successes of the gallant Boers, and prays God continually that swift retribution may befall all such cruel nnd predatory beasts everywhere, to whom human blood is far cheaper than gold. good measures. Senator Barksdale, at Richmond, has already heightened his high reputation as a statesman nnd patriot, by introduc? ing into the Senate two very necessary and important bills,?one against trusts, or monopolistic combinations, nnd the other against bribery and cor? ruption, and fraud, in elections. These are crying evils; nnd even if the Sen? ator's bills may need ?mne amendment t.i make them effective, ho still de? serves great credit for the courage and public spirit ho exhibits In thus giving form and emphasis to the popular dis? approval of wrongs from which the liberties, rights and Interests of Vir? ginians must bo protected, nnd yet in which a large lobby-influence Is al? ready entrenched. We see it stated that a powerful com? bination, in and out of the Legisla? ture, has been formed nt Richmond against both the measures proposed by Senator Barksdale; but the undaunted Senator defies all the powers of dark? ness, and will still urge his bills on the intelligence and conscience of the Leg? islature and the people. The Virginian Pilot wishes him good fortune in his labors for the public good, as nil good citizens also must do; and he will find his reward, If not tlie full success over evil that ho alma at: "What stronger bronst-platc than a heart untainted? Thrice Is he armed that hath his quar? rel Just; And be but naked though locked up In si eel. Whose conscience with injustice Is corrupted." Christmas 1809 Is not Uie last Christ? mas in the 19th century. THE MONEY PANIC It will not do for Republicans and go'.d?te sinners to pretend that this vio? lent and long continued travail in the money-market or New York and else? where In the United States is the re? sult of a mere "pinch" among specu? la lors of the baser sort, or the brief hysterics of an unfounded fright.. The great efforts of the clearing-houses, the U. S. Treasury and the leading banks and capitalists to remedy or relieve the trouble have availed little, except to prove that it has a broader and deeper source than the reckless ventures of few men of limited means and feeble credit; while the exports of gold to London from New York and the fall of English consols brlow par, taken to? gether with the stringent and panicky condition of the stock, bond and money circles In London and all over Europe, reveal a lack of confidence, an Insta? bility and a weakness that are all-per? vading and that bode the greatest dis? asters to the financial world. It Is evident that the House Currency bill has Inspired no confidence even In the centre where It originated, and its disorganization of our monetary affairs ar-thls threatening crisis. If pushed through the Senate to a law, may pre? cipitate tho most fearful nnd far reaching consequences, that may reach not only the bank nnd bondholders, but all of us. PASSING OF THE SILVER ISSUE Wo printed in these columns the other day an extract from an Interview with Congressman Sibley. of Pennsylvania, who in lS'JU was an ardent advocate of free silver and prominently mentioned as Democratic candidate for President, In which he said that his views had undergone a radical change, that every evil prediction which the silver people made In 1S56 had failed of fulfillment, and that therefore it would be suicidal for the party to go before the country next year upon a free silver platform.? nichmond Times. The following extracts are In reply to the above: From the Times' own Washington telegram of the house debate on Thursday, 11th: "Mr. Sibloy (Dem.), of Pennsylvania, who has publicly announced his change of views on the money Question, and who, it was thought, might vote for the bill. STATED THAT HE WOULD VOTE AGAINST IT." From the Washington Post's report: "When Representative Sibley, of Pennsylvania, arose to ?p?ak, at the conclusion of Mr. OInisted's remarks, much Interest was manifest owing to the report that he had changed his views upon the silver question. Mr. Sibley, however, disappointed his audi? ence. Ho hnd only risen to say that he | proposed to print his views in the Re? cord. Ho had been offered time by the Republicans, but as he had spoken against the Republican candidates in twenty-seven States in l?0fi. ho did not desire to accept favors at their hands." "THEMOST HUMEROUSBRANCH." In the report of the speech of Mr. Robinson, of Indiana, against tho cur? rency bill, on the evening of Decem? ber 13th, as It appears In the Congres? sional Record, we find the following: "When the Senators of all political parties?Republican, Populist and Dem? ocratic?passed a joint resolution for Ctlba. It came to THE MOST H?M15R OUS BRANCH OF Til 10 AMERICAN CONGRESS, and there, tinder the mys? terious Influence of the Reed rule, It went to sleep in the catacombs of the House." Now, who Is responsible for the phrase?"the most humorous branch?" Mr. Robinson, or the reporter, or Is "humorous" a mere typographical error for "numerous?" Undoubtedly the House Is more- "humorous" than the solemn and sedate Senate; but then Is it In order to bo said in the House and reported In the Record? Wc are told that tho British "are nrcuscd." But that was not what ailed them, nor will "arousing" help them a great deal, unless they exhibit some? thing more, than the qualities that suf? fice to overcome native Africans and Asl itlcs. The B crs of South Africa arc of tho same sturdy stock as the Eng? lish themselves, and c'os.-r to the orig? inal blood of both, and these Dutch Republicans have learned to measure themselves against the best men of the tnndein world, nnd are not inflated nor enervated by easy campaigns against inferior and worn-out races, ill-equip? ped, half-armed and but mere rabbles, without organization or warlike skill. That Is one of the great evils of making war on the weak nnd ignorant people of the world: we become more or less like them, Inevitably, In some respects; and we can only maintain our skill nnd manhood by pitting our? selves ngnlnst our equals, Instead of our inferiors. If gold has been our standard of value ever since 1834, and If more silver dollars, by far, have been coined since 1S73 and the repeal of the free and un? limited soinago of silver, than ever be? fore, why not repeal the net of Feb? ruary, LSTIi, and restore the former status of silver, as It was before that sncak-thlcf act was passed? That Is all that the Democratic party and people ask; nnd even the currency bill does nol propose to alter the ratio of lfi to 1, but promises to maintain its ''parity," though that has main? tained Itself for over a century without iho aid of the currency hill, or that of tho Republican party, whose currency legislation has all been for "dishonest money-sharks." And now the National Civil Service League attacks McKinley and assails his man Gage, of the Treasury, for broken pledges and neglected prom ises. In the evening session of the league at Indianapolis, President Carl Schurz, ex-Senator and ex-Secretary of the Interior, made a vigorous denuncia? tion of the attitude of President Mc? Kinley against civil service reform, and he was applauded enthusiastically by the large audience present. In the au? dience were many of the most distin? guished residents of the city and State, including Governor Mount and wife. The Alexandria Gazette nnd Virginia Advertiser was founded December, 1709. by Alexander Snowdcn, under the name of Alexandria Advertiser. The paper Is now conducted by grand-children of its founder. The present volume C will on January 1st, 1900, become volume CI. It Is one of the few cases of journal Ism of the world, where the same fam? ily conducted the same newspaper for over one hundred years. The Virgin? ian-Pilot extends congratulations nnd wishes for its contemporary another century of life nnd prosperity. Every man must depl ire the death of General Lawton in the Philippines, where (whatever we may think of the war itself) he approved himself n. gal? lant, indefatigable and skillful soldier. And to think that so valuable a man should perish in such a war, to en? force a truck traflic In Filipinos nnd their liberties and native land made by McKinley \v tit the beaten Si anlsh! We doubt if there are SlliiO.OOO of cur? rency in the whole State, outside of the cities. The country people have ab? solutely no medium of exchange, and ore reduced to barter. These tiro not fanciful statements. They are actual facts. The above Is an extract from the lending editorial of Thursday's (14th) Richmond Times, goldlte. "Liquor got the best of me," is fre? quently beard In our Police Court. It is simply the preliminary step essential to the foreclosure of a mortgage held by the devil. NOIKs A.M> OI'I > ?O.VS. (Puiaskl News-Review.) The butchery is still going on in the Phillipines. The war should have been brought to a close months ago?In tact should never have been begun. The lives given up out there?well, it makes one's heart heavy to think of It. (Bedford Bulletin.) The Richmond Times confesses that there Is not enough money in circula? tion. Says that it doubts if there arc $250.000 of currency In the whole State outside cities, and then goes oil to add that the country people have absolutely no medium of exchange and are re? duced to barter. The Times' utter? ances are remarkable for ;t newspaper which Is frantic tor n gold standard and contracted monetary system. (Salem Times-Register.) "The Administration mourns the death of General Lawton," who was killed by the Philippine bullets Mon? day, the press dispatches Inform us. Yes, and it will be called upon to mourn the death of many more noble fellows before this uncalled-for war Is over. (South Boston News.) As the Observer predicted. Senator Martin will succeed himself in the Sen? ate. He has made a faithful servant nnd deserves another term.?Orange Observer. Ah, indeed! What has the Senator ever done to deserve n not her term? In what way has ho proved himself n faithful servant? If be has ever done anything for the people, we should he glad to have our esteemed content - poray tell us about it. Tell us won't you? Millinery at Greatly To-morrow we begin selling all our HATS, trimmed and untriturned, Feathers, Velvets, Ribbons, etc., at big reduc? tions, why? Because our season Is nearly nt nn end, anil wo want to dispose of all Win tor (I nods. We have quite a largo assort? ment of Uoll Hats. Mrs. P. Ries, 162 Church Street. DaiKlsonic lace Curtains Such as we are selling are bound to recommend themselves to those who rec? ognize good quality when they sco It. The curtains we nre offering now are just In and are the kind that wear for sovcral seasons, and are honest bargains at tho price we ask. Call and seo them. L. H. Whitehurst, _336 MAIIM STREET._ How to Keep W?rm! Economy Heat Regulators. TOR OPEN FIBE PLACES. Corbln's I/iqu d Door Cheek and Springs keep the doors always closed Roebuck's Weather Strips, all sizes, for doors and windows. Grates of all de? scriptions. Cabinet Mantels and Tile. C00KE,~CURif & CO, Grates of all kinds. BOLE AOEXT3. It's Wonderful How Quickly Deaf? ness improves under Pneumo Massage. A prominent Church street merchant tfrlls how IT CURED HIM OP CA? TARRH AND DEAPNESS. "Uclng a constant smoker t was trouDie? badly with CATARRH OP 1KE eX>SE AND THROAT, WHICH CAUSED MY BIIEATJI TO SMELL VERY BADLY and NOSE ALWAYS STpPPED up so that I could hardly breatho and when sleeping would choke. In tho morning I awoko with A BIT? TER TASTE IN MY MOUTH. I WAS ALL THE TIME HAWKING AND SPIT? ING. I did nothing for the CATARRH UNTIL MY HEARING BECAME AF? FECTED In my left car. I COULD HEAR NOTHING WITH IT WHEN USING THE PHONE. Several o? my employees having been cured by DR. PIREY I consulted him nnd after several months treatment I KIND MYSELF EN T1RELY WELL AND MY HEARING AS GOOD AS EVER. A. A. STOLTZ. Member of firm of R. H. Stollr. ?fc Co,. Furniture Dealers. No. 432 Church street. Has offices 1 and 2 No. 314 Mala street. Norfolk. Va. Specialties: Catarrh and all diseases of Eye, Ear, Nose. Throat, Chest I nnd Stomach. Hours. 9 a. m. to 12:39 p. m.i 2 p. in. to 16:30 p. m. Sunday Hours, 10:30 a. m. to I 12:30 p. m. ri'ucsday nlsht and Thursday night 7:45 p. m. to Stlfi p. m. Consultation always free. Medicines I furnished. Terms always moderate. Eyi examined for classes free of Charte. Pocke! Books, Card Cases, Letter Cases, Bill Rolls, Cigar Cases, Cigarrette Cases, Bill Books, R.R, Pass Cases, Toilet Cases, Collar & Cuff Boxes, Writing Tablets, Music Rolls, Manicure Sets, Comb & Brush Cases, Shaving Cases, H'd'k & Glove Sets, Work Boxes, Necktie Cases, lorfoR Trent Factory, 172 Church St., near Main. The onlv exclusive Trunk and leather Goods Store In thoj^lty._ IRWTiTS EXPRESS CO.. 218 Water St., Phone 6. Either Phone. Wo haul anything to and from any? where "n the three cltle3. Special facilities for hauling Safes, ltotiws, Furniture and Pianos. Lota filled and filling wanted. Fine Overcoats for Men. There are men who would hardly believe that Overcoats of a character as high as these we tell of could be found ready made. The elegant stuffs, the careful, artistic tailor? ing, the dignified stylish? ness would only be ex? pected from your favorite tailor. But there are' men who like elegant clothing, who prefer to try on var? ious finished garments be? fore deciding on any one, and so there was need of this tine gathering ? a gathering not matched in any other Norfolk store. This descriptive word of i hem: fit $50 Overcoats of genuine Sedan Mon lugnnc, sumptuously lined through oiit wiiii extra heavy eatln. A full $75 value. At $40 Overcoats of Blue, Black or Ox? ford Patent Heaver. Some have edges finished with velvet, 'also sat? in lined. A regular $50 garmont. At $30 Overcoats of genuine Carr Melton or London Kersey, In Bluo or Black; full silk or satin lined, with an Interlining of wool. They are worth $10 more. fit $25 The stylish full-back Overcoats of Oxford Ribbed Cheviot?a stylo that the swell dresser will appre? ciate. Of course, other coats, too, at the same prices, an.l at other prices. From #15 up?swell Paddocks. At $i5r~5?t2 and $10 we have wonderfully good Overcoats. Judge us by them. House Coats for Men. Wo nr.. busier than ever at House Coat polling, which is hut tho nat? ural recompense for tho caro we gave to getting tho stock together. Borne we bought from Bondon. l.ut, no matter where they oamo from, tho prices are fair?really low. So much for tho collection as a whole. -Most excellent sorts at JC.G0 to SIL'. Light In weight, but warm, comfortable! yet dressy aro tin-.-:.- Ilou.-'e Cools of soft double fneed cloths with plain faces and handsome plaid backs that make a bright contrast for tho collar and cuffs. Somo of tho coats aro satin bound, others are bound with cloth. Best of all, they aro tailor made?and lit.Wonderful difference between a baggy and a well-shaped House Coat. See it in theso. Tho nlr of luxury doubles their glvoa bles. Other Smoking Jackets as low as $1 and as high as $30. Lounging Cowns and Bath Robes rango In price from $3.00 to 515. Agents for Celebrated FEREBEE, Cor. Main & Commerce Sts.