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VIRGINIAN - PILOT.
?BY THE? (VIRGINIAN AND PILOT PUBLISHING X . COMPANY._ KORFOLK VIRGINIA* UND DAILY PILOT (Consolidated Marcli. ll>33.)_ Entered at the PostofTlce at Norfolk, iVa.. as second-class matter. OFFICE: PILOT BUILDING, i i CITY HALL AVENUE. norfolk. va. OFFICERS: A. H. Orandy, President; W 8. Wilk? inson, Treasurer; James E AlleD. Secre? tary. BOARD OF DIRECTORS] A. H. Grandy, L. D. Starke J?V/T. W. Shelton. R. W. Bhultico, W. S. Wilkinson, James ?. Allen, D. F. Donovan. Til KKK tIKSTS I'HBCOI'T. subscription rates: Tho VIRGINIAN-PILOT Is delivered to subscribers by carriers in Norfolk and vicinity, Portsmouth, Berkley, burtalk West Norfolk. Newport News, for 10 cents per week, payablo to tho carrier llv mall, to any place in the United States, postage free: l)AIJ.l,am<;rir - 8S.OO >lx .niln ? S.00 *? Hires montbi - ? 1.30 ''! ** ?n? moiitli - ? " ADVERTISING RATES: Advertise? ments Inserted at tho rale of 75 cents a Square first Insertion; each subsequent insertion *0 cents, or 60 cents when In? serted Every Other Day. Contractors aro not allowed to exceed their space or ad? vertise other than their legitimate busi? ness, except by paying especially for tho tamo, Reading Notices Invariably 20 cents per lino first insertion. Each subsequent In? sertion 15 cents. No employee of tho Vlrglntan-Pllot Pub llshlng Company Is authorized to contract Bny obligation In tho name of the com? pany, or to mako purchases In tho name of tho samo, except upon orders sinned by the PRESIDENT OF THE COMPANY. In order to avoid delnys. on account of personal absence letters and all commu? nications for The VIRGINIAN-PILOT ehould not be addressed to any Individual connected with tho office, but simply to The VIRGINIAN AND PILOT PUB? LISHING COMPANY. TWELVE PAGES FRIDAY, DECEMBER 29, ISM. CAN THESE THINGS BE ? In an article on "Political Atheism in Power," this paper has called .at? tention to the great apostacy In this country from the high principles and ennobling sentiments which taught us to regard liberty and morality as the test heritages of mankind. Tho most sordid and brutal motives are now con? fessed and vaunted, and liberty and morality are recognized only as they may be tributary to trade, or wealth, or power. Benedict Arnold Is chiefly condemned because bis treason failed, and resulted In the hanging of Major Andre as a spy. The doctrine of 'the evolution of all things, including man, is accepted as the only true revelation of the secret and mystery of the universe, and it is ngreed that the supreme law Is "the survival of the fittest," or the strong? est, and that "to the victors belong the spoils." Science has re-estnblishcd the gods of ancient mythology in cer? tain laws or forces of nature, and Nature is made the omnipotent ruler, to whom obedience is due from all things and all beings. That, is the logical nnd necessary outcome or mod? ern ngnosticlsm, as adapted to prac? tical life and its concerns by practical men. Among nations and individuals, "the flt|est (that Is, -the strongest) must survive," nnd control. The philosophers of the closet and and midnight lamp modify these teach? ings, and reserve something to right and reason, and even to conscience, and morality; but the practical nnd ac? tive operators in public nnd private affairs, from the least to the great? est, "go the whole hog" and wallow In the mire. "Manifest destiny," "the course of empire," "tho irresistible progress of the ago," ">thc persistence of force," "the consolidation of ener? gies," " monopoly," "the merciless nnd remorseless march of nature," "the ?weakly and crippled fall o\f( of column and perish by the way, or impede the movement which tramples them under foot," "the strongest survive." Nothing is -worth while, but force and its equi? valents. Conscience nnd sensibilltv. with their resultants, are but. weak? . nesses that beget futilities. Money answereth nil things. Discussing the view which the coun? trymen of Washington nnd Jefferson should take of the British war upon the Boers of South Africa, Ihc N. Y. Tribune tolls us: Our exports to the United Kingdom, the most highly developed industrial and commlcrcinl country on the globe, are $600,000.000 a year. ? ? ? There? fore we hold this Hunt which comes from Wall Street to be A TRUE ONE. even though it does shine upon THE LOW PLAINE OF SELFISH INTER? EST. It is to iho unmistakable Inter? est of the United States, materially, financially, Industrially, commercially, that Great Britain shall retrieve her disasters, that she shall conquer in this war, that her great empire shall be preserved, and that the civilization and humane genius of which she Is the * exponent shall more and more prevail throughout the earth. Think of such sentiments being con? sistent with "the civilization - artd humane genius" to "prevail throughout the earth." Of course, tho Tribune hoots at arbi? tration and peace. Every contest must bo a l'ou'tranco, or till the weakest be hurled to the dust. It says: The wnr was toogun on the one side to establish Dutch or Bbcr para-, mount cy in South Africa, and was ac cebted dn the. other side to maintain British paramountcy. It would be .a crime against humanity to stop ?.the war with that question jin?ottled,. and thus to let the dreadful price already paid go for nothing. ? ? Either the British flog or the Transvaal fifg must disappear from South Africa. And indeed that Is as It should be. If the Boers are In the right they should persist In their struggle for the expulsion of the British and the es? tablishment of a purely Dutch con? federacy In South Africa. If the British are in the right they should continue their campaign for the pres? ervation of the Integrity of the em Dire. Tct even England has not always fought "to a finish," and only devils In? carnate are for wars of extermination and opposed to compromise. But to the same effect as the Tribune argues the N. Y. Sun. Will it pay? We know that the breaking down of England as n power of the front rank in Europe would be contrary to pres? ent interests of our own so great and unquestionable that no American Gov? ernment would have the right to sac? rifice them to our international spmpa thies. THE WORLD MAY BE HARD. BUT WE ARE OF IT. Not necessarily of that world. No! although the goldite Richmond Times, which sometnmes affects morality, and even piety, declares, In the same vein: But SENTIMENT ASIDE, It would be a great disaster to this country If such result should be. Great Britain Is ONE OP THE BEST CUSTOMERS that this country has. She owns large blocks of our securities. She has a vast sum of money Invested In Amer? ican enterprises, but more than thnt, 3he is our host customer abroad for cotton, grain, provisions, tobacco and other American products. The collapse of the British Empire would be a blow to America from which she would not soon recover. "SENTIMENT AST DE?" Yes; aside with Christianity and all piety; aside with anorality and all the virtues; aside with humnlty, pity, mercy and generous sympathy. Aside with all the higher and better qualities, capacities, emotions, impulses and aspirations that segregate us from and elevate us above the brute; and when we have set aside our Americanism, our human? ity, our patriotism and morality, wc shall be lit subjects for the imperial Ism now being provided for us. A French novelist has already put our confession of the new faith In the mouth of one of his characters: "My catechism Is comprehended in the be? lief that Nature teaches me by example. She destroys with impassive egotism everything that stands in her way. She crushes the weak to make room for the strong. She has no emotions, no sympathies, no sentimentalities. Read your Darwin, your Huxley and your Spencer again!" Revoltingly horrible as all this is, It Is the spirit of the party now In power, as shown by Its words and deeds. RECURRING TO FIRST PRINCIPLES The St. Louis Republic very Justly calls attention to the resolution offered In the Senate by Mr. Hoar and that In the House by Mr. Dc Armond, defining tho true relations of the United States to tho Philippines, as the embodiment of American convictions, hallowed by our Revolution nnd Its Declaration of Independence, that no citizen of this Republic would have dared to chal? lenge a few years ngo. The resolution Is In conformity to the profession and practice of human rights for which out forefathers battled In arms during eight years with Great Britain and with hired Hessians and savage Indians In British pny; It recites the warranty of our freedom and independence; and we must rc-afllrm it now, even though It requires the repudiation of McKinley and his war, the Republican party and it apostasy. Shall we follow after the Strangs gods which this dispensation of gold commends to us? Shall we bow to tho golden calf of Wall Street? "What shall it profit a man. If he gain the whole world and lose his own soul?'' They laugh at that who laugh at right and justice, and mock nt truth. But, as the Republic says: "It Is not to be believed that the United Stales Government Is now about to surrender the faith of its founders because of tho temptation of wider dominion and pecuniary profit hold out by apostasy. It should not be thought that American principles arc only purse-deep, to ha forsworn the moment there Is gain In the forswearing. It rests with the Senate and House of Representatives to prove that Ameri? cans nro still faithful to their fathers' faith." If American citizens sustain McKin? ley and his bloody policy, It will prove, not that the Filipinos do not have In? alienable rights to freedom, but that American citizens have sold theirs and are no longer worthy of liberty and iK;lf-government. The Times is for the gold s-tandard, but not for a "contracted monetary system." Tho Times wants the govern? ment to fix the standard of value, but leave the banks free to ls9tie to Hit: people in nil parts of the land as much currency as they require In their busi? ness transactions.?Richmond Times. That is, the Times Is not for a gold "monetary system," but for a gold standard of value that will give the paper bank promises a "credit" value of gold, although they are not money at nil.?"to be issued to the people" by tili' hanks nt will)?the gold standard being only a bit of legerdemain, or thimble-rigging, to give till money and credit a gold value by law, while re? ducing tho values of all other things. Including the wages of labor and the prices of agricultural land and pro? ducts to a gold scarcity. The extrac? tion of sunbeams from cucumbers Is a weak Invention compared with this game of a gold standard for a cur? rency of paper promises to pay that ara legal tender for nothlnff.. , ?. ? .'-:-T~ THE MORE, THE BETTER SHARE, The more money, whether of gold or silver, the cheaper, the more easily ob? tainable for work, products, or proper? ty, the more liberal wages and prices, and the greater the value of all other things In exchange with or for money. The converse (or contrary) is equally true: The less money, the dearer It Is, the more dliticult is It to obtain on credit and the higher its rate of Inter? est, and the less are wages and prices, while more work, products and property have to be paid in exchange for It, whether It be gold, silver, or paper. That explains the act of 1873, demone-; tlzlng silver metal, and thus greatly contracting the supply of money and currency, but enhancing Its value and that of all debts to be paid In money, while decreasing the value and price of all other things. All withdrawals of greenbacks, Treasury notes, &c, have been made with the same Intent and effect; and one of the principal designs of the currency bill is to contract the currency and money-supply still fur? ther. The increased production of gold, in spite of the demonetization of silver, has temporarily checked and partially remedied the contraction begun'in. 1873, to the great disappointment of the money-mongers; and so now it is pro? posed to demonetize the silver dollars, the silver certificates, the greenbacks, Treasury notes, &c, by redeeming or exchanging- them for gold that does not circulate, to be procured by a large Is? sue of new U. S. bonds, and retlro them, or Impound them, to the amount of millions of dollars In the so-called "13 sue and redemption division" of the Treasury Department, to be created un? der the currency-bill. But to diminish ns much as possible the available gold for active money in any business, there Is to be a reserve of $100,000,000 of gold established by law in the Treasury, and the policy in the banks and trusts, and all public treasuries will be to establish similar reserves or deposits of gold. The effect of every reserve of gold or money, or]of any collection of taxes, or other dues, before they arc needed, or nre to be paid out, is a practical cur? tailment of the volume of money, and plays into the hands of all the specu? lators in money, whoso interests lie chiefly In scarce and "high money. It would seem that the people who are interested in abundant and cheap money must readily understand this game nnd refuse to help it against themselves; but now, ns of old, pur peo? ple do not think, nor will they consider. Yet they must think, they must con? sider, or they will have to pay dearly for their neglect. Knaves and their tricks abound; but these would be com? paratively Inocuous, if there were not so many thoughtless and careless per? sons, who really seem to seek for traps, that they may run Into them. Good laws might restrain the knaves and their tricks, if good and Intelligent men made them; but the bad men and fools will do our legislation in favor of knaves so long as the people choose so many bad men and fools to represent ? them In General Assemblies, councils and Congress. Virtue, without sense, Is a gibbering idiot, full of danger. SENATORIAL PRIMARIES. The people are faithfully waiting for developments at Richmond concerning Senatorial primaries. I A majority of the members, though committed to Mr. Martin, are instructed I to vote for Senatorial primaries, and the Virginian-Pilot does not see how i they can escape, even if they wished, to do so. It is not believed, however, that many representatives are opposed to the pri? maries. It is hard to stand out against the people. Primaries must nnd will be bad. and the time Is ripe for action. It will be a hard story for members to take back home If no vote is had; or if they vote against primaries. Primaries mean a direct vote, choice 'and voice of the people. To oppose this indicates sympathy with machine methods and a desire to throttle the volec of the voters. Everybody knows what conventions and nominations mean In Virginia. I Once nominated every Democrat is ; bound to vote for tho candidate, or suffer far worse in casting a vote ngainst tho PRINCIPLES of the party by voting for any other candidate. It i Is always the personnel of the ticket? tho enndidate himself?that It is desired ; to defeat, not the party. Tho party lash Is thus an effective thing in Vir? ginia. Conventions In cities mean no more than an assembly of ward heelers and interested parties, banded together for some mutual interests nnd having lit? tle regard for the popular will. In the country they mean little more. As to ward meetings, the less said tho bettor. The Legislature authorized legal pr? imaries for this city, and the people felt Uhnt they had In this some little relief; but In the last legislative fight even that was refused by the Executive Committee. . The Legislature has before It time enough to show Its position, and It Is not believed it will allow the oppor? tunity to pass. "LIE DOWN 1 I'M GOING TO BURST A CAP" I Tho Virglnlnn-PHot joins in the Just rebuke given to the chroniclers of mili? tary events in South Africa and the Philippine Archipelago who are so prono to magnify these and to make heroes of nil who participate In them. The most that can be made of them, when brought to the cold test of figures that give tho killed and wounddd, shows that they are very small affairs, and. If there 'are - any prisoners, .that they wouldn't, or-couldn't fight, as we under? stand war- In this country. An old Johnny Reb, when wearied "and no little aggravated by such cxaggerators and chroniclers of comparatively "small beer," used to rise suddenly In tho midst of a squad of them, cock his hat, and cry: "Lie down, boys, I'm going to pop a cap.!'* It is very doubtful If any of the real soldiers. In the Philippines or South Africa, officers or men, are knowing parties to any of this fuss and feathers over inflnitesslmals. More probably, the writers are very young, men. smell? ing their flrst gunpowder, or local re? porters unused to foreign and war cor? respondence, who are naturally seduced Into - representing such belligerent oc curences as they witness, in the light of their reading, say, of the Napoleonlo battles, rather than In the very dull appearance they have in a true recital. War and Its weapons, ever since mod? ern invention took the field, has been growing tamer and less heroic, and even less deadly, In despite of the dreadful character of some of the am? munition and machines. There Is pre? cious little chance for personal daring against long-dlstanco artillery and rapid-fire machines. Now the rest of tho country Is una? ble to prevent Wall Street panics. But the rest of the country can easily pro? tect themselves from the evil effects of a Wall Street panic. All that Is neces? sary is to give the banks of the other parts of the country power to Issue their own notes, and wiien money he gins to get tight they will Issue those notes and they will serve the.purposes of the merchants and manufacturers living near them just as well ns any money of any sort- If the banks of Richmond had been empowered to issue their notes for the past two weeks, the panic might have raged in Wall Street, but Richmond's' business would have gone on undisturbed.?Richmond Times. If that be true, even with private paper promises to pay that tire but evidences or debt, why will not legal tender silver coin serve us equally well ns a national money, when English, or European panics make a run on gold and a.scramble for it? In such cases, indeed, it would save us from being In? volved in the evils of the foreign gold standard, and our silver dollars, at jhome at least, would always abound and be as good as gold. In the meantime the snowstorm doer not seem to have lessened the neces? sity for white iraint. The cold weather may aid In keeping the records o? some of our political friends. The Hon. Rlchnrd^~Crokor will not need to establish a political school for "getting rich without working." If the people wore not entitled to primaries in the Legislative fight, why now? In the meantime there is slight pios p?ct of the people forgetting those who dlsfianch!s;d them. Some of r.ur Democratic lenders will come near finding themselves on a back scat. A friend in need Is a friend Indeed, but the closest friend is the one who is himself in need (?) Canadians don't seem to be leaving h< me on account of the threatened Fe? nian raid. What a target some of our candidate friends will make! Wc arc gradually working down to hard pan. and the January bills. Nobody seems to have gon? mad over the Xtntfs frivolities. At the last reports the English were allowing the Ti ers to rest awhile. The French have not lessened their adaptab llty to nts since the Boer war. Mr. Hanna's personal barrel is as plethoric as ever. The New York grand jury is now paying its respects to stock brokers. Poli:lcs mak.i strange bedf Hows, and sometimes very amusing pairs. Having held up for a while, it may be well to ask a few more questions. XOTr.s A V II Ol'IMONN. (Danville Dally Bee.) The politicians will admit that Bryan will be the nominee for lflOO. They admit that silver is dead, yet Bryan, on that issue will be the nominee. Wc cannot see how silver Is a dead Issue when the rubiest advocate of it is to be the presidential nominee, and will be elected if tho voles cast for him are counted. The politicians who stand In with gold-bugs look through a glass darkly, or something like that. (Alexandria Gazette.) The President has received many letters from prominent people In Eu? rope, complimenting him upon his adoption of the now expansion and im? perialistic policy, but It is supposed by many that the writers thereof are this country's worst enemies, and that their hope Is that by pursuing that policy ho may Involve the people over whom he rules in a foreign war that will have most disastrous results to them. (Jacksonville News-Unlon-Citlzcn.) England must not be too .confident. Tho Boer Is engaged in a struggle not more hopeless than Drake and Raleigh and Hawkins aril Froblsher won against the empire of Spain. Lessons reueat themselves. It's Wonderful How Quickly Deaf? ness Improves under Pneumo Massage. A prominent Church street merchant tells how IT CURED HIM OP CA? TARRH AND DEAFNESS. "Being a constant smoker 1 was trouoicd badly with CATARRH OF 1KB eX>SE AND THROAT, WHICH CAUSED MY BREATH TO SMELI, VERY BADLY and NOSE ALWAYS STOPPED up so that I' could hardly brcatho and when sleeping would choke. In tho morning I awoke with A BIT? TER TASTE IN MY MOUTH. I WAS ALL. THE TIME HAWKING AND SPIT? ING. 1 did nothing for tho CATARRH UNTIL MY HEARING BECAME AF? FECTED In my left car. I COULD HEAR NOTHING WITH IT WHEN USING TIIK PHONE. Several of my employees having been cured by DR. FIREY I consulted him and after several months treatment I FIND MYSELF EN? TIRELY WELL AND MY HEARING AS GOOD AS EVER. A. A. STOLTZ, Member of firm of R. H. St'ollz & Co,. Furniture Dealers. No. 132 Church streot. Haa offices 1 and 2 No. 3M Main stroet. Not rolle. V,-.. Specialties: Catarrh and all diseases of Eye, Ear, Nose, Throat, Chest and Stomach. 1 Hours. 9 a. m. to 12:30 p. m.: 2 p. m. to 6:30 i>. m. Sunday Hours, 10:30 u. m. to 12:30 p. m. 'Tuesday nlirht and Thursday night 7:15 p. m. to S:)5 p. in. Consultation always free. Medicine furnished. Terms always moderate. Eyes examined for classes frco of charge. COLD WINTER WINDS ARE COMING. Don't Be Caught Without a Warm Wrap. Wraps cost less than pncumonl.i. Wo have a very handsome line of Jackets and Capes. In order to make room for other goods, you can select any Coat or Capo In stock at cost. No deception. Wo deal In facts. It will plenso US to show them to you Reforo buying elsewhere call and see ours. L. H. Whitehurst, 336 MAIN STREET. New Phone 857.' Millinery at Greatly Reduced Prices, To-morrow we begin selling all our HATS, .-.trimmed ancl ?ntnmmed, FeatHers, Vclvels, Ribbons, etc., at big reduc? tions, Bec.niso our season Is nearly at an end, and wo Want to dispose of all Winter Goods! We hive quite a large assort? ment of Doll Hats. Mrs. P. Ries, 162 Church Street. 1900?ALMANAC?1900 THE I ILLUSTRATED SOUTHERN AL. MANAG has no equal. No weather pre? dictions like these. A trial is all that Is needed to prove tho value of this AL? MANAC. Trice, by mall, 5 cents. Special prices on application. J. L, HILL PRINTING CO., BOX 813. RICHMOND, VA. dcC-2m * John L Roper. President. Tazcwell Thompson Treasurer. Louis T .Doblc, Secretary. THE Mi fife inn ci 211 MAIN STREET. Transacts a general Insurance business throufrh Its agency department. GflMAG& & Wr\LL&R 12-18 PLUME ST. Coctractors'S Builders' Supplies NEW LOT BALTIMORE TAVINO BRICKS. HIGH GRADE FIRE BRICKS UNDER COVER. Fire Clay, Chimney Linings. Fancy and Plain Ch'mney Tops, Sewer and Wnl | Pipe. Drain Tilo. etc An Easy Conscience WILL BE YOURS as you walk down the street with your wife and think how happy you have made her by approving of her choice of one of our stylish pattern hats. Too often men fail to realize the Im? portance of the millinery question, but this stock will make It easy to become Interested. CLEARANCE SIE! Trunks, Suit Cases, Travelling Bags. A dollar or two saved by buy? ing these goods here. WE GUARANTEE all Trunks and keep them in repair free of charge for one year. Horton Trunk Faotorg, 172 Church St., near Main. A Merry Christmas NTICELLO MODEL LAUNDRY OFFICE: 105 GRANBY ST. New Phone S74. 0<S>0 <?&><>'&? TAYLOR & COMPANY, Formerly under Monticello Hotel ? HAVE MOVED TO ? ? Ghent Market, Botetourt St. ? With a full line of Staple and Fancy Groceries f We carry everything for the ta ^ ble. Wo will bo pleased to see our old patrons. k PROMPT DELIVERY. I Phones 838 ?OO' OOO OOO IGE GBEBP1 Si CREAM Especially for CHRISTMAS. THE METTOWEE.