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IRGliMN - PILOT.
?BY THE? (VIRGINIAN AND PILOT PUBLISHING . COMPANY._ KORFOLK VIRGINIAS ~~AHD DAILY PILOT. (Consolidated March. 1833.)_ ?Kiitorod at the Postofllo at Norfolk, iVa.. aa second-class matter. OFFICE: PILOT BUILDING, v. . CITY HALL AVENUE. _norfolk, va. OFFICERS: A, H. Grandy, President: W. S. Wilk? inson, Treasurer; J?rne? E AIIcd, Secre? tary. BOARD OF DIRECTORS: A, H. Grandy, lt. D. Starkp, Jr.. T. W. Bhelton. R. W. Shulllce, W. d. Wilkinson, Junes E. Allen, D. F. Donovan. Til REB CEJt I'S PKRCOl't. subscription rates: Th? VIRGINIAN-PILOT In delivered to subscribers by carriers In Norfolk and vicinity. Portsmouth, Berkley, Suffolk. West Norfolk. Newport News, for 10 cents per week, payable to tho cnrrlor. Uv mall, to nny placo la tho United States, postage free: 1>AH,Y, on* year - 6B.no Biz momlia ... 8.1)0 lliree month! . ? 1.30 ** onruioulb - ? ~l ?< ADVERTISING BATES: Advertise? ments Inserted nt tho rato of 76 cents a equate first Insertion; each subsequent Insertion <0 cents, or 50 cents when | in? serted Every Other Day. Contractors are not allowed to exceed their space or ad? vertise other than their legitimate, busi? ness, except by paying especially for tho ?a mo. Reading Notices Invariably "0 cents per lino first Insertion. Each subsequent In? sertion 16 cents. No employee of the VlrRln'an-Pllot Pub? lishing Company Is authorized to contract any obligation In the name of tho com? pany, or to mnko purchases in the namo of tho same, except upon orders signed by the PRESIDENT OIT THE COMPANY. In order to avoid delays, on account of personal absence letters and all commu? nications for The VIRGINIAN-PILOT Bhould not be addressed to any IndivKlu.il connected with ilio oilier, but simply to Tho VIRGINIAN AND PILOT PUB? LISHING COMPANY. TWELVE PAGES TUESDAY, JANUARY 2, 1S00. BANKS AND THE GOVERNMENT. "A correspondent nsks us: 'Is it not the issue directly by the Government of the United States notes, or greenbacks, that puts the Government in the bank? ing business?' supplementing the in? quiry with the assertion that 'it is the natural province of banks to issue cir? culating notes.' "We answer that the Issuing or paper money Is not banking, but tho exercise by the Government of a function like that of coining metal money, the usur? pation of which by banks, under any conditions, Is wrong, and should be pro? hibited. It is no more the 'natura; pro? vince' of banks to Issue circulating notes than it Is for them to run the Post Ofllr.e, maintain an army or navy, or exercise any other government I ?power. That they have been allowed to] do it in pnst years Is no reason whyj they should be allowed to do It forever. ? "The way to provide the sound, stable nnd unimpeachable currency that Is de? sired Is to reserve for the Government the sole power to put the stamp of j money on metal or on paper."?N. Y. Sun. The VIrglnlnn-PIlot concurs In the ] . above as to the issuing of money, any currency; nnd it Is glad to see that ?while the Republican party In Con? gress, at tho White House, and general? ly, has surrendered to the banks at dis? cretion, there are a few Republican pa? pers, like the N, Y. Sun, that still have j . souls of their own. The N. Y. Tri? bune (as wo have shown by quotations from its editorials) nlso demurs to give the so-cnlled national banks free and ?unlimited power, or privilege, to man? ufacture and Issue "credit money," or unsecured promises to pay, resting on Boston assets and secret accounts. The two national banks just closed in Boston show conclusively how little confidence is to he placed In such insti? tutions, with friendly or collusive Ex? aminers and a Comptroller of the Cur? rency who suspends the laws at his will in ?behalf of defaulting banks on ' their officers. To what lengths would those banks have gone In swindling the public, their depositors and stockhold? ers had they been invested with the powers and privileges that the Nation? al Banking Association claims for banks and that Secretary Gage advo? cates? The power to coin, make and is? sue money is sovereign and cannot be Bafely delegated. BRUTE FORCE IS SUPREME LAWl If will and power make right In war, and other national affaire, do they not -logically and morally, with equal jus? tice, make right In persotml matters? Very often, if not every day, the N. Y. Tribune hns an editorial In defence of the British war upon the Boors, and it founds this defence upon the right of power. It Is a mere question of etrength, according to the Tribune, to be decided only by war. It agrees that the Boers have an equal right with the British to enter into the war; but we : suspect that this is conceded merely to allure us into an admission of the llrlt inh right to raise an issue to be decided by the Superior British strength. If there is no moral principle involved in Bitch a nutional dispute, private disa? greements and contentions nre equally ' to be settled by force, In favor of the strongest: in favor of the survival of ' the fittest. Says the Tribune: "The rights of rebellion and conquest are "unalienable rights," PROVIDED Y?U HAVE THE STRENGTH TO EN FORCE THEM. Tha Transvaal" had the same right to take Natal and tho Cape troui England?IF IT COULD? that England had to take them from the Dutch a century before. Tho Cape i Dutch had the same right to rebel against Great Britnin that the Thirteen Colonies had In 1170, or tho Southern Stales against this Union In 1861." All Is thus reduced to a question of power; the right of the matter is of no consequence, and is eliminated. It is the doctrine of hell; and though the Tribune does not scruple to adopt and proclaim it in politics and International concerns, it Is so inconsistent that It dally argues many things on a moral basis, or as if the question of right in? tervened. Such teachings, from papers having the standing and influence of the Tribune, and Its large circulation, ure very injurious and tend to make our people worse than heathens; . for heathens have a conscience and a moral sense to which they defer; but brtile force is right, says the Tribune. BRITISH AGGRESSION ON THE U.S. A Pennsylvania Milling Co. shipped Hour to Lo:enzo Murqu.z, a Portugese port on Delegoa Bay, In several ves? sels, and they were all seized by Brit? ish cruisers In taut bay as conveyers of contraband of war for the Boei'3. As far as appears, our Government has neither don\ nor said anything in rela? tion to thes.' seizin es of American ves? sels, bound to a neutral pjrt, with car? goes which Jefferson, in 1798, as Secre? tary of Stnte, held could not be stop? ped on neutral ships unless In attempt? ing to run or hreak a block? ade actually in force, unless it was evident, or distinctly ap? peared, that the food was destined for the use of the enemy's army. It is said that there is no evidence to estab? lish such destination of the Hour in the.-:ej cases, and the seizures were made entirely upon bare assumption! Even the N. Y. Sun, after recltinjt the facts and the general und rstandlngas to the law of contraband freights in time of war, says: The rule of international law on the subject, ns undcistool by tac British Government itself, seems to be that food cannot pr. perly be treated as con? traband of war unless It Is r as mably clear that such food Is intended for t .e use of the military or na.al forces of the country to which it is con Igncd. In tile absence of such cv d nee !n the case of the ships selz d nt Ce.agoa Day, iheir seizure is unjust.Aable. The Washington P st declares: The case seems very clear. Unless our Government lvn3 a secret compact of alliance with that of Gre it Britain? which Is, of course, inconc-ivnble?ihe duiy of the Unit d S.ates in h s mat t r I ns eoiisp cuous as are Its Interests nnd tights. But that secret compact, in effect, is not inconceivable to others; and we doubt If the Post Itself cxp eta Choate, liny or McKinley to seriously consider the matter. Tho Senate?Congress? however, is bound to inquire Into it, unless Congress Is til one with the Ex utlve that we should return to our for? mer British allegiance and service. THE DUTCH AND FREEDOM. "Dutch gold" Is a base alloy, and ''Dutch courage" is meant to convey the Idea of n bravery inspired by strong drink. Nevertheless, the Dutch have never been lacking in the best traits of manhood; and "The Dutch Republic" by Motley,, an American, Is a worthy history of a noble and heroic people. It has nothing to do with the Transvaal, or any other Dutch Republic of South Africa, but of that of the United States of Ihe Netherlands, whose record, both by sea nnd land, is seoend to none for deeds or valor and enterprise. Once the Dutch wore said "to sweep the seas," and It Is said that one of the great Du Ich Admirals, Von Tromp, in token of this, curried a broom nt his mast? head. The Dutch Infantry were once famous, il not invincible; but wars with England, France and other powers, .?tided by internal divisions and dissen? sions. Anally reduced the Dutch from their high position, but never lowered their character ns a people. From those people the Dutch of all South Africa descend; nnd the Boers of the Transvaal and the Orange Free State nro proving themselves honorable representatives of their great uncestry, in their present war for independence against the British. It may end In a light for life on part of the Boers; but they knew how to die gloriously, if they cannot retain their freedom. REAL ESTATE ASSESSORS. Tho appointment of Messrs. Adam Trendwell, J. G. Womi?!i end C. R Parlette by Judge Allan R. Hanckel, of the Corporation Court, as assessors of real estate, to make up tho new assess? ment for taxes, insures conscientious, able and proper service. The people are to bo congratulated upon the choice made, ai.d Judge Hanckel has per? formed well the important duty re? posed in him as Judge of the Corpora? tion Court. j 'Piie position of r/jti! estate assessor is lone of the gravest Importance. Their !power is such that the greatest oppres? sion, favoritism or injustice can be done. Tho Virginian-Pilot lakes this occa? sion to respectfully call to the atten? tion of the assessors, discrimination that sometimes npponrs in behalf of unimproved real estate. There should be something like a fair value Axed upon unimproved property and in keep? ing wiili what,it would bo worth, if Improved. May it be said of tho Hon. Norman Roberts that his taste, regarding beau? ty, improved as he gained experience. "THE LIBERTY TO SWINDLE." That to what the N. T. Sun calls the r'ght or privilege which Secretary Gage claims for banks to- issue unlimited banknotes at will. The Sun heads Its urt.cle on the subject thus: "Secretary Gage on Liberty to Swindle;", and re? ferring to the Secretary, it says: In his address at the Now England Society's dinner at Orange, N. J., last Friday evening, he took the ground that the privilege of note-lssung by banks'1s not a privilege conferred by law, but an inalienable right, like life, liberty and the purslut of happiness. Combating that preposperous notion, the Sun calls atentlon to the fact that tho issuing of bank-notes Is not tho or? dinary extension of the "credit" of an Individual, or corpoiation, but is, prac? tically, the issuing of a certain form of credit, which has become "current money" in general acceptance, and must bo restrained and ? safeguarded. "We are very glad to see that, n twith sctanding their favor for the gold-mo? nopoly, the Sun and a few other lead? ing Republican organs still retain some conservative views In relation to the currency,?though they will have to surrender all the same, If tho Repub? lican party continues in power. Still, It is pleasant to see the Sun endeavor? ing to protect the people, as follows: .Swindling is not an alienable right, like life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, even though it is atempted under the guise of issuing bank-notes to suit the convenience of the banks and their dealers. Secretary Gage ad? mits this by saying 'that ample safe? guards for the protection of ihe h lders of bank-notes must be provided, but he apparently docs not see that he thus gives away his whol > case.If the Inalien? able right of the banks to create paper money may be restricted In such a" way as to protect the public against being robbed by Its exercise. It may also, for sufficient reison, be suppressed alto? gether.' TO THIS CONCLUSION THE PEOPLE ARE FAST COMING'. THEY ALREADY, FOR THEIR OWN PRO? TECTION, have vested In their Gov? ernment THE EXCLUSION FUNC? TION OF CONING COIN. AND ALSO TOR THEIR PROTECTION THEY WILL. SOME DAY, VEST IN IT EX? CLUSIVELY THE FUNCTION OF ENGRAVING AND PRINTING PA? PER MONEY. The N. Y. Tribuhe has also expressed s'milar Views. "A NATIONAL DISGRACE." v _ Like Its embalmed beer, or its can? ned rottenness, inspect this adminis? tration anywhere, at home or abroad, and It Is sure tb reveal Infection. The President of the New York Prison As? sociation, Mr. Chnrlton T. Lewis, af? ter a thorough examination of Cuban prisons on behalf of his own and other similar organizations, has just made a report to the Secretary of War, In which he charges responsibility on this government for the abomination he has found to exist In the penal in? stitutions of the island. He says that a detailed report of what he saw "would arouse universal indignation," and that the cruelty and Injustice In? flicted on the prisoners "constitute a national disgrace." He declares that bribery and personal Influence through the secretaries of the judges and others secure the discharge of some, while others, wholly Innocent, as ifar as ap? pears, have to remain in durance vile Indefinitely. Among much more to the same effect, Mr. Lewis says: "Great prisons are overcrowded with men and boys. Assassins, brigands, pickpockets and young men charged with disorderly conduct, or merely sus? pected of slight offenses, are herded together In .-fisolute idleness and unre? strained intercourse. With no change of clothing, no blanket or semblance of bed, many hundreds sleep on bare stones, where filth and vermin are kept down only by constant sprinkling with disinfectants. "In some prisons the only disinfect? ants known is Insect powder, and cases of tuberculosis, some of them far ad? vanced, inft^it-the rooms^and=do?bHess' spread the seeds of the disease. Moral and physical contagion Is promoted on a vast scale together. Most of these prisoners have been proved guilty of no offense." This Is horrible. But it is no better than tho Spanish tyrants did; and if It be no worse. It is a wonder, as new converts to imperialism, like other new converts and Imitators, usually "bet? ter thoir instructions" by a fresh zeal that surpasses the examples they emu? late._ The Washington Post well says: "A decent respect to the opinions of mankind Imposes silence, or, at any j rate, permits only very guarded com? ment on the conduct of a murder trial while It is In progress." At the Sotith, Judges usually consid? er it contempt of court, If, during such a trial, a Journal, or public speaker, In the vicinity, take sides for or against the accused, or say anything that may tend tw influence the court or jury. The Post goes on to say that Rev. Mr. Parkhurst, of extensive notoriety, has contributed to the N. Y. World a com? munication questioning the motives of Mr. Osborne, the prosecuting attorney in tb** case of Mollnenux, on trial In New York City for murder, by poison sent through the mail. The Post prop? erly condemns Parkhurst, but falls to say anything of the course of the N. Y. Tribune and N. Y. Sun In giving a garbled and colored report of the trial In favor of Mollneaux nnd assailing -witnesses nnd everybody else not favorable -to the accused. These reports in obstruction' of the administration of justice appear cn the first page of the Tribune, nnd frequently on the same page of the Sun, and they are so con? spicuous and partlzan that they can hardly have escaped the attention of Recorder Gott, SECRETARY GAGE OUT TO CALLERS. Secretary Lyman Gage, of the Treas? ury Department, is bujy untying him? self from a. very patent and unfortunate bargain with the National C.ty Bank of New York city. He is, in fact, very busy, and i3 out to all callers, particularly newspaper men. It all came about on account of a weakness of the Honorable Secretary for the National City Bank of New York, and a few small favors present? ed as a Xmas gift to that bank. The Secretary seems to have taken literally the Scriptures and "unto him that had" he gave the Rockcfelbrs, Goulds, V.mderU ts, St; ndard O 1 C m pany and a few other kindred splrhs. worked the "Heathen' Chinee" racket upon Mr. Gage, who thereupon first sold them the old Custom House - in New York, and then made them the stakeholder of the small sum of $300, 000,000 a year of internal revenuo re celpto. That is to say, all the money that Is paid in to the Government for stamps on deeds, &c, is paid into the vaults of this nice little bank. T.-.e bank would probably derive a profit of some th ng like 3 per cent, on this sum. But it happens that there are other banks, and also happens that tho peo? ple, through the newspnp:rs, have set up the presumptuous (?) claim of hav? ing a word to say about these funds. Mr. Gage, at first, resented the sug? gestion, but iinally crawLd into ids of? ficial dignity and shut the door. And there he Is. In the meantime there is waging ov.'r his head a mighty war. The Philadelphia T.mes, a most con? servative sheet, has gone to "Washing? ton, peeped into the mysteries of a Cabinet meeting and learned that, though the President is patting Mr. Gage on the back, Mr. Gage has his trunk packid. ready to be Algetizcd, if the fuss keeps up. And while it is all going on Mr. Gage continu s in his un? faltering love of the Morgans and Vandorbi'.ts and Standard Oil Company, while the people are foolish enough to believe that something honest can be begg d or bulldozed out of this admin? istration. WHAT OF THE SPRING? Men of all callings and positions are discussing the next city elections. While there are many suggestions, opinions and ideas, it is the universal opinion that a change is Inevitable and necessary, and voters will be equal to the emergency. There Is another determination of equal importance. This fight will be .within Democratic party lines and within the primary. At first there was a deep-rooted feel? ing of revolt. Indignation and disgust at certain unfortunate actions and foiled attempts called up a wrath that even wise counsel had dlflicuity In al Jaylng. But the battle Is over and the fight will be made in the party lines with good men and true, standing shoulder to shoulder, asking for no quarter und giving none. Good candi? dates, men of repute and standing, will be offered, and the people will secure a business-men's administration, or know why. There was a time when the political leaders of this city, by tho exercise of a little policy, might have not shown .their hard-hearted and hard headed determination to rule or ruin. It was a time when they could have "humored" the request (?) of the vot? ers, the taxpayers, who support them. A party official has no right to show preference. He Is the servant of all the voters and should SEEK their wishes, not SUPPRESS them. Such an officer Is a menace to party peace, and a generator of discord and strife. He has his own axe to grind, nnd his particular friends to reward. He is not fair; he is not just; and is a petty tyrant to be despised and put under foot. The people are to be congratulated on the splendid organization prepar? ing. Let them press onward together, showing no favors as they have re? ceived none. THE WRATH TO COME. Not satisfied with the present long list of short comings and commissions, there appears to be a decided tendency on the part of some of our political friends to add a little bit more to the list to which they will surely answer. It is needless, in a community of law abiding people?a community of-wealth, learning and distinction, to suggest that there nre not people, both in the city and county, fit and proper to fill honorably and properly every office of honor or compensation. ?It Is equally useless to say that cit? izens, whatever their polities may be, have the interest of tho community, aa one great port, at heart. It is the pride of every Norfolkian, wherever he may be, to''refer to his home by the sen. It Is a sad rcllcctlon, therefore, thnl so many good business men, of means, reputation and standing, either do not give the city government, and local af? fairs, their attention, or nre shoved aside to make place for professional politicians. The State is at the beck and call ol politicians. Business men have as lit > 1 ~-=r. tlo to say In Its control and manage? ment as Infants, but the time Is com? ing when >Aelr voice will bo-heard. Al? ready ther? Is muttering on all sides; and, strange to eay, the politicians go right along putting aside business men or keeping them in the back ground, paying not the least heed to the threat? ening aspect of the men who earn the money that pays their salaries. This ! is really a time of the servant telling his master what to do. It is a pious aspiration of tho poet: "Oh, yet we trust that somehow good Will be the final goal of 111." No doubt, an over-ruling Providence from evil and seeming evil "still educes good;" yet* this is no defence or Justification of wrong; ifor ? saith Scripture: "Woe unto the world be? cause of offences! for it must needs be that offences come; but woe to that man by whom the offence cometh!"?St. Matthews, XVIII., 7. Those folks who voted against Shands have a great big debt to pay. Why did the chairman of the party of this 'city, vote against primaries in Norfolk; vote against Shands in the Central Executive Committee, and vote tor HOME Rule In Norfolk the other day? Is his religion changing as elec? tion time draws near? Even If the Filipino war be all right, the lives of Lawton and Logan are worth, more than the whole gang of wild heathens, saying nothing of/'tho hundreds of brave privates that have fallen. ' There was a lot of convenient ignor? ance of conditions in Tsle of Wbjht displayed by the local Executive Com? mittee in the Shands matter. If capital didn't back 'McKinley on account of the silver issue, the people would bury his foreign policy next year. Messrs. Whltehead and Lyons should not be slow In helping Shands If they believe In "local government." The more some Leaders advocate a candidate's cause the more suspicious he becomes. There are a lot of things to be ex? plained away before the final bnlance sheet Is drawn. If the people vote for the men who disfranchised them and the people's candidate, they deserve slavery. Now, if Martin and Tyler were not worthy of a primary, why are the lo? cal candidates? "McKinley iMUST love the poor Fili? pinos to sacrifice Americans as he does for their benefit. Wall street had another war-dance the other day, and the people paid-the fiddlers. Closed lights having failed, it Is gen? erally believed that "closed" commit? tee meetings will follow suit. In the meantime the people are won? dering just where they come in. Some powerfully religious citizens keep dangerously bad company. Nobody seeins to be sitting up with Aguinaldo. This business of having a record to answer for, is a serious matter. NOT KM A.M> OI'IJU?S?. (The Roanoke Times.) Mr. Cleveland has been confined to his bed for several days. In olden times, when he was President, Mr. Cleveland used to ring up a lighthouse tender and go duck hunting every time he got sick. It is very unfortu? nate to be laid up at Christmas time, when all the world is gay and there is so much to live for. (Chicago Bally News.) . Young Winston Churchill, who re? cently escaped from Pretoria, gravely announces that the Boers are a for? midable foe. Gens. White, Gatacre, Methuen and Buller found that out some time previous to Mr. Churchill's declaration. (Pittsburg Post.) i j The general opinion in financial/cir? cles is that the money strinsencr in this country will last as long as' the Boer war continues. Russell Sage, the veteran Mew York observer and finan? cial ruler, makes this prediction, and predicates it on the great volume of our financial and commercial transac? tions with Great Britain, which amounts to more than with all the rest of the world. (South Boston News.) Despite tho opposition of Senator Barksdale, Old Virginia?the grand old mother State?will be honored by the Navy Department In having a cruiser named for her. While Secretary lx>ng has been a little tardy in thus honor? ing the Old Dominion, we nre, never? theless, gratified, and would be glad to see the contract for building the "Vir? ginia" given to a Virginia firm. i - (Petersburg Index-Appeal.) In the House contest, Mr. Rhen, of the Ninth District, counts very cer? tainly on the fact thai he was elected ? by the people of his district, as reason i why he should retain his seat. J^ifc Rhoa does not consider the neccs3ltJM of the Republicnn party for a f(fw more votes. With that party having I only thirteen majority, the fact as to I what the majority of the voters in tne district want does not'count for much, ; so Mr. Rhea may safely calculate on being relegated to private life until after the next election; Voice Restored. Finding myself SUFFERING VERY MUCH PROM CATARRH OF THE NOSH AND THROAT I consulted several' of my friends in Portsmouth WHO HAD BEEN CURED BY DR. FIRBY. and, acting on their advice I placed myself under hla treatment, I was so afflicted that MY NOSE WAS MOST ALWAYS CLOGGED UP, so that I could not breathe through It at all, and MY VOICE WAS VERY THICK. My throat was heavy, which compelled mo to be HAWKING AND SPITTING, and always awoke with a dry, bitter taste in my throat and mouth. VWAS COMPELLED ALSO TO WEAR EYE j GLASSES, as the disease affected my sight. NOW I HAVE NO NEED FOR GLASSES, AND CAN BREATHE AND SPEAK AS WELL AS ANYONE, and am much pleased with A CURE THAT HAS ; MADE ME FEEL LIKE ANOTHER PERSON. My appetito. which was poor, is now excellent, and I pm proud to tell how much Dr. Firoy has done for me. FRANK H. COLES. 425 County street, ' Portsmouth, V?, l lUa orm.es 1 and 2 No. 314 Main street. Norfolk, Vs.. Specialties: Catarrh and all diseases of Eye, Ear, Nose, Throat, Cheat nnu Stomach. Hours. 3 a. in. to 12:30 p. m.: 2 p. m. 19 C p. m. Sunday hours, 10:30 a, m. to 12:20 p. m. Tuesday night and Thursday nlfe'hl 7:45 p. m. to 8:15 p. m. Consultation always fieo. Medicines furnished, 'forms always moderate. Eyes examined for glasses free of charge. I wish to thank my friends and custom gts for past patronage and hope for a continuance of the same at my NEW STORE, 66 Gran m by Street, (after January 1st) 302 MAIN STREET. (Successor to Doyle and Small.) We have moved from our former store No. 222 Main St., and on January 1st. 1900, will occupy the store No. 386 Main, two doors from Church street. ?salin. B. S. CAMPBELL THE PHOTOGRAPHER. HAS REMOVED To his new Studio, 268 270 Alain Street. .... Over Vickery's Book Store.