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VIRGINIAN - PILOT.
CV7ROINIAN AND PILOT PUBLISHING
KORFOLK VIRGINIA? AND DAILY PILOT.
(Consolidated March, _
Entered at the Postotllco at Norfolk,
(Va., as second-class matter.
11 . 0FFICE: PILOT BUILDING.
ULI.; CITY HALL AVENUE.
AliBtBRT H. GRANDY.President
(WILLIAM a WILKINSON.Treasurer
JAMES B. ALLEN.Secretary
The- VIRGINIAN-PILOT Is delivered to
subscribers by carriers In Norfolk and
vicinity, Portsmouth, Berkley. Suffolk.
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ness, except by paying especially for tho
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sertion 15 cents.
No employee of the Vlrglnlan-rilot Pub?
lishing Company is authorized to contract
sny obligation In the name of tho com?
pany, or to make purchases In the name
of the same, except upon orders signed by
the Pit KS 1D BN T OP TUB COMPANY
In order to avoid delays, on account of
personal absence letters and nil commu?
nications for Tho VIBCilNIAN-PlLOT
should net bo addressed lo nny Individual
connected with iho olllce, but simply to
The VIBGINIAN AND PILOT PUB?
TUESDAY, JANUARY 9, 1?00.
A PROPOSED INCREASE OF
, FEDERAL POWER.
President Harrison expressed the
opinion that "the officers of the State
charged with police and judicial pow?
ers In such cases must, in the consid?
eration of international suits growing
out of such incidents, be regarded In
Bitch sense as Federal agents as to
make this Government answerable for
their nets In cases where in would be
answerable Is the United States had
used Iis constitutional power to define
nnd punish crimes against treaty
lights." In his recent message Presi?
dent McKinley, after citing his prede?
cessor's opinion, urges the further con?
sideration that a precedent for estab?
lishing a Federal jurisdiction in crimi?
nal cases affecting aliens can 1?! de?
rived from the existing statute estab?
lishing Federal Jurisdiction fur the
benefit of aliens In civil suits; and lie
adds this Impressive argument:
"If such jeulons solicitude be shown
for alien rights In cases of merely civil
and pecuniary import, how much
greater should be the public duty ti>
take cognizance of matters affecting
the life and the rights of aliens under
the settled principles of International
law no less than under treaty stipula?
tions In cases of such transcendent
?wrong-doing as mob murder, especially
when experience lias shown thai local
Justice Is too often helpless to punish
In the Mafia murders In Louisiana,
Secretary Bluino took the position that
the United States was not responsible
to Italy for tho murder of her citizens
In that State, because the Federal gov?
ernment had no Jurisdiction in such
crimes, which under our dual system of
government -wore within the exclusive
Jurisdiction of the State in which they
occurred. Congress, however, tinder the
plea of International comity, voted
compensation in those cases to the fam?
ilies of the victims. But we see that
rwhlle President Harrison hnd caught n
?true glimpse of the real stale of the
matter in his declaration that Slate of?
ficers In such enses arc to he regarded
as Federal agents In so far as to malte
the United States answerable for
crimes against treaty-rights, even he
j llnslsted that Congress had the "consti?
tutional power to detlne and punish
crimes, against treaty rights" commit?
ted within any State.
Now comes President McKinley nnd
?emands Congressional legislation es?
tablishing a Federal jurisdiction in the
States over all criminal cases affecting
aliens?an Imperial pretension never be
' fore claimed by our National govern?
ment, unless we except the "alien and
sedition laws," which aroused such a
elorm of popular protest In the early
years of our government. Nor is there
any necessity whatever for such a pre?
tension; for if the Federal action within
Its Jurisdiction Is binding on tho State,
eo is the State notion, within its juris?
diction, equnlly binding upon tho gen?
eral government. And what does the
Constitution of the U. S. mean when it
"Full faith nnd credit shall be given
In each State to the public acts, re?
cords and Judicial proceedings of every
if It does not also mean that the Na?
tional government Is lo give "full faith
and credit" to the same, nnd that other
nations shall respect' such acts, records
and proceedings, within the sphere of
the State, as if they had been done by
the United States?
The further declaration of the Fed?
eral Conptltutlon that "this conslltu
jlon and the laws of ,the United states
which shall be made In pursuance
thereof; and all treaties made, or
which shall be made, under the author?
ity of the United States, shall be the
supreme law or the land; AND THE
JUDGES IN EVERY STATE SHALL
RE BOUND THEREBY, ANYTHING
IN THE CONSTITUTION OR LAWS
OF ANY STATE TO THE CONTRARY
Does not that provision constitute the
State courts and Judges Federal agents
quad hoc? Or does Mr. McKinley
mean that^thcy and their proceedings
are not entitled to the "full faith and
credit" of the U. -S., nor to the respect
of foreign governments?
"UncondltIop.nl surrender" is not a
demand to be made by one human be?
ing upon another, nor by one people
upon another. It is essentially a de?
mand of cruel tyranny and "brute force
?the voice of wrong 'that refuses to
yield to anything to right and reason.
Nor is suppression a term consonant
with American principles, eveept In re?
lation to crime and criminals. And
when did Americans make It d crime to
fight for liberty, or otie's native land.
More wisdom and a juster regard for
human rights, as understood by Amor
leans, -would have been shown by con?
ciliation and compromise with Aguin
aldo and his compatriots, or factionlsts,
If you please. Nay, even as rebels, It
would have been more politic and
statesmanlike to appease and placate
discontent than to inflame It Into a
war that whatever the final result,
must leave Incurable wounds and mut?
ual loss behind.
Are 'these Filipinos slaves to us, or to
the United States, that we should seek
to rule them, not only without their
consent, or asking it, but with ail the
brutality of brute force? 'Have they
no rights which Americans are bound
to recognize, and respect? Why may
not they as justly complain of William
McKinley as our forefathers did of
George III? That
He lias deprived 'them of all self
government and home rule.
Ho has -erected a multitude of new
officers, and sent thither swarms of
officers to harass their people and eat
out their substance.
Ho has kept among them, in times of
peace, standing armies without their
Ho has affected to render the mili?
tary Independent of, and superior to,
the civil power.
lie- has sought to subject them to a
Ho has quartered large bodies of
armed troops among them.
He has protected these troops, by
mock trials, for any crimes they may
?have committed on the inhabitants of
Iii- has cut off their trade with all
parts of the world.
lie has Imposed tajces on them with?
out -their consent.
He has altered or abolished their
He has abdicated government there
by waging war upon the people.
lie has plundered their seas, rav
aged tliulr coasts, burnt their towns,
and destroyed the lives of their people.
IP: Is, at this time, transporting
largo armies to complete the work of
death, desolation and tyranny, already
begun, with circumstances of cruelty
and perfidy scarcely paralleled In the
most barbarous ages, and totally nn
!worthy the head of a civilized nation.
Is not this as true an indictment
'against McKinley as 'that found by our
forefathers against George III? And
are we to "suppress" those Filipinos,
by a merciless exaction of "uncondi?
"Manifest destiny" has come Into
vogue again, and it is represented as
conclusive of all questions involved,
because It Is part of "the scheme of
nature and the Creator." But this
''manifest destiny" is but a recognition
of the supremacy of force, and
a repudiation of that of right: or
rather, It makes might right. That be?
ing settled, the question of policy and
expediency Is determined by the money
to be got out of the "business," by
hook or crook.
"No pent up Utlca contracts our
The whole boundless continent is
and "manifest destiny" marks the
Wi*<t Indies, Mexico and Canada for
our own. Of course, our dear English
allies may object; but how ?iseles? and
wicked to struggle against "manifest
d eis tiny" I
"Resistless fate." or "manifest desti?
ny," Is still repudiated In our courts
as n plen in defence, or justification, of
murder, robbery and other personal
crimes; but how mean nnd inconsistent
that Is! The day must arrive when
superior strength, opportunity nnd
tcmptntlon, or desire, must be accept?
ed ns full acquittance for all acts of
violence, public and private. The dom?
ination of the strongest. The old, the
sick, the disabled and other burden?
some or useless people, ns well as
other nnlmals, must be "disposed of;"
nnd if we keep on this lino of progress,
and development, we must adopt the
Malthuslnn plan to arrest population,
or regulate It, by the Inspection and
slaughter of undesirable infants.
ARE M'KINLEY AND HIS
Referring to the British seizure of
American Hour In Delagoa hay as con?
traband of war, the N. Y. Sun says:
"Our position as a neutral demands
tlie 'more scrupulous respect from the
British government because that na?
tion desires and needs our friendship
nt this stage In Us history more than
ever before. This neutrality we are
maintaining strictly, 'honestly and sin?
cerely, not In the way England kept
up ITS ME1W3LY NOMINAL. NEU?
TRALITY toward us during the fierce
trial of our Civil war. We are main?
taining it In both the letter and the
spirit as an International duty, and are
performing faithfully all Its obliga?
tions, though unquestionably THE
NATURAL SYMPATHY OF THE
AMERICAN PEOPLE,, Republicans
themselves, goes out to the little South
African republics, now contending
against the supposedly mightiest mon?
archy in the world. Tills we nrc doing,
although the British government has
openly and without reserve, through
the mouth of Lord Salisbury himself,
proclaimed its purpose and determina?
tion to crush out independent republi?
can government In South Africa.
But this 'McKinley administration,
with most of it's organs and orators,
has expressed the warmest and strong?
est sympathy with the British admin?
istration which began and Is now pros?
ecuting this ungodly and unmanly war
upon the South African Republics. "Of
course," ndds the Sun, "the American
people have no sympathy with stich a
war waged by Great Britain." Yet the
sympathy of this administration and
its rress with that war is unmistak?
able and outspoken, ns witness the N.
Y. Tribune and other liermbliean or?
gans. The people of this country and
McKinley have no mutual sympathy
for each other, and the sympat'hy of
the former for freedom and Independ?
ence and of McKinley for British lm
-periallsm set them-ln?positive nntag?
onlsm to each other.
It may again become the British de?
sign "to crush out independent repub?
lican government" in North America,
as In 17TG and 1S12, and as now in
South Atrlca. If so, shall we have to
flg'ht McKinley and his adherents as
EXPANSION AND CONTAGION.
The pertinent question that presses
for answer on all sides Is this: "What
are we expanding for? for our health?"
It health be the object in view, expan?
sion Is a dreary failure to, that end.
But, may be, Mr. McKinley desires to
complete our assortment of plagues,
pestilences, wars and famines; and, If
so, his expansion has achieved signal
success. We arc not only acquiring all
the ills that llcsh Is heir to, but the
most prolific and malignant sources
and repositories of Ihuman afflictions.
In Cuba and Puerto Rico we havp
chronic yellow fever, famine and hur?
ricanes; In Hawaii we have pestilence
and leprosy, with virulent variations;
in the Philippines we have the plague,
with a choice of nil the worst maladies
of Asia; and we have a large standing
army that must be provided with a
full supply of wars abroad to keep it
from domestic violence and Intermed?
dling; while If there Is any disease yet
wanting or unknown. McKinley is sure
to develop it among the foul and dirty
places and peoples be is forc'ing upon
Contagion, not expansion, is the just
title of McKinley's "criminal aggres?
sion." We are "to catch" all the vices,
all the ill-habits, and all the physical
ailments ot all the ntdcenst races ot" the
earth; and "assimilation" and "expan?
sion" are to degrade us and infect us
until our very namts will signify pol?
lution and Incurable degeneracy.
All lnfpilries In connection wfth so
nllcd "expansion" and Its abuses In the
Philippines and elsewhere are practi?
cally suppressed in both branches of
Congress by the administration mem?
bers. They are amended so as to have
no force, or they are postponed, or laid
on the table, on. referred to oblivion,
&C. in relation to this method of muz?
zling inquiry and information. Senator
Hoar, of Massachusetts, on the re?
assembling of Congress after the
Christmas holidays, said:
"Mr. President, I should like to bo
allowed to observe that it' there is to be
an absolute suppression of nil the in?
formation desired by members of the
Senate in regard lo the Important
duties we have growing out of our
new relations it 'Is well to understand
it. A Senator this morning introduced
a resolution Inquiring of the War De?
part men I as to the facts In regard to
the outbreak of hostilities in the Phil?
ippines, how It came about, and how
hhat terrible nnd deplorable condition
of things which has been going on
there for the last six months was be?
gun. It has been the universal custom
of the SenahC 'from the beginning, so
far ns I know, to grant to any one
Senator information of that kind?there
being no possible harm to the public
service?If <he desired it for bis guid?
ance in the elischarge of his public
duties, and yet four Sen.i.tors jumped
to their feet nt once to object to thnlt
simple inquiry. If that is to be done,
and if the United States Senate is to
be abolished, I want, for one, to under?
Ah, Mr. Hoar, don't you already un?
derstand that"we haveexpanded" and
that Imperialism la established, even In
the Senate? It Is all like "the gold
basis." The President and Secretary
Gage fix that basis, and then Instruct
Congress to legalize lt. Mr. McKinley
divorces things, and Congress and the
courts record them; or, if they do not.
no matter: McKlnley's will Is supreme.
How easy It Is to subvert free gov?
ernment with a servile and pliant legis?
lative department, nnd a cunningly
chosen judiciary! The Republican form
of government is retained; but that is
all: the life and spirit of freedom is
dead and gone!
"Shrine of the mighty! can it be
That this Is all remains of thee?"
BASED ON AN AIRY NOTHING.
"We are not yet on a gold basis."?
"Our contemporary is dazzled with
the glitter of the silver that it sees In
our currency, and goes astray. We
are ori a gold basis as distinctly as
England is, the only difference being
that wo have a greater amount of flat
or semi-flat money in the shape of sil?
ver dollars. In value, however, the
silver dollars are all measured by the
gold dollar, and no power but Congress
can change their value.?N. Y. Sun.
Our metropolitan contemporary lino
a jaundiced eye, and sees everything
by the yellow light of the Act of Feb?
ruary 12, 1ST:!. From the passage of
that act until the passage of the Bland
Silver Act or February 2S. 1R7R, under
which tlie coinage of standard silver
dollars was resumed, and which dol?
lars, and all theretofore coined, were
again made full legal-tender money.
On the 1st of July 1S90. Mr. Carlisle,
then Cleveland's Secretary of the
Treasury, In his circular N'o. 123, said:
"Gold coins and standard silver dol?
lars, being standard coins of the United
States, are not redeemable. Silver ccr
tiflcates are receipts for standard sil?
ver dollars deposited, and are redeem?
able in such dollars only." The law is
still the same, no mailer what unlaw?
ful things may have been done In be?
half or gold and to the discredit of sil?
Tlie pending currency bill, with ItA
-priivls"lons~f?T the redemption-,-?)? cx^"
change, of silver dollars, greenbacks
nnd Treasury notes in or for gold coin
(the lost gold dollar!) may place us on
a nominal gold basis, but the act is not
yet law, "and no power but Congress
can" make it so, or change tho value
and legal status of standard silver dol
Nor can Congress perform the Im?
possible: It cannot make a standard of
a gold dollar that is abolished, or which
exists only eo long as the coin is un?
worn and of full weight.
The eminent citizens or Brussels who
nre getting up an appeal to the Presi?
dent of tho United Stales to mediate
between the British and the Hners in
behalf of pence nnd human brother?
hood, do not know "unctlous" Ulli Mc?
Kinley (as Mr. Codkin, of the N. Y.
Evening Post, aptly calls him) as w 11
as we do. "Pill" in all for peace and
freedom as a local preacher, but he is
opposed to their "expansion" ns a
"political parson," of high aspirations.
"Illll" and his men Hay and Hoot (as
alleged) have already out the 1'. S.
Ship Montgomery in British service,
and nil of them nre now busily en?
gaged in seeking to foment a quarrel
with tho Transvaal out of the Maertnn
incident?young Hay being selected to
succeed Macruni nnd provoke Bom.s ex?
cuse for a war against the South
African Republics- Tho incredible nnd
impossible are what happen!
If the Atlanta Constitution, or any
other paper or person, can see nothing
but territorial expansion Involved in
McK.inley's Philippine policy, it is a
case of defective vision, amounting to
nyctadopia, or seeing best In the dark.
Tho wonder is that snob persons or
papers enn iicrooive In any rase of
murder, robbery, or other "criminal
aggression." anything but a healthy
exercise of the muscles and desires of
the assailant. In time, however, all
the moral perceptions will become
(The Danville Daily Bee.)
It is a matter of regret to know that
it Is Impossible to pull another compul?
sory vaccination whirl on the people of
(The St. Paul Fionoor Press.)
The anxiety with which some people
are searching for a convenient abbre?
viation of mot) Is signilicant of the rush
we have permitted ourselves to get In?
to. It ought to do us good to stop
once in a hundred years and give the
date its full pronunciation.
(Tlie Roanoke Times.)
The people who are raising money for
a monument to Bill Anthony, who
committed suicide because ho had no
work and was starving, might hnve
given a dollar or two to Bill when he
was struggling for life. The bouquet
of the grave Is not a very good substi?
tute for tho loaf of bread given to the
(The Alexandria Gazette.)
The black death plague has now ap?
peared in the Philippines. Pestilence
nnd famine are the natural accompa?
niments of war. nnd Mr. McKinley has
brought both of them upon his people
In order lo gratify hi,; ambition for a
second term and all the persona! ber.e
ilts such a. term would confer.
(Wilmington, N. C, Star.)
When Marion Butler and Jeter
Prllclinrd Join hands with the negroes
in opposition to the constitutional
amendment, isn't It about right for all
self-respecting white men to support
tho nmendment? Where would Butler
nnd Pritehard be now if they had not
allied themselves with the negroes?
(The Richmond News.)
Now that Hannn has been begged by
McKinley to manage the next cam?
paign, and McKinley has been urged
as a. candidate by Mr. Hanna, they
ought to understand each other.
Finding myself SUFFERING VERY
MUCH FROM CATARRH OF THE NOSE
AND THROAT I consulted several of my
friends In Portsmouth WHO HAD BEEN
CURED BY DR. FIREY. nnd, acting on
the'.r ndvlco I placed myself under his
treatment. I was so afflicted that MY
NOSE WAS MOST ALWAYS CLOGGED
UP, so that I could not breathe through
It at all, and MY VOICE WAS VERY
THyCK. My throat was heavy, which
compelled me to be HAWKING AND
SPITTING, and always awoko with a
dry. bitter taste in my throat and mouth.
I WAS COMPELLED ALSO TO WEAR
EYE GLASSES, as the disease affected
my sight. NOW I HAVE NO NEED FOR
GLASSES, AND CAN BREATHE AND
SPEAK AS WELL AS ANYONE, and am
much pleased with A CURE THAT HAS
MADE ME FEEL LIKE ANOTHER
PERSON. My appetite, which was poor.
Is now excellent, and I am proud to tell
how much Dr. Flrcy has dune for me.
FRANK If. COLES,
425 County street*
!?aa offices 1 and 2 No. "14 Main street.
Not folk. Va. Specialties: Catarrh und a!!
diseases of Eye, Ear, Nose, 't hroat. Chest
Hours. !' a. m. to 12:C0 p. m.; 2 p. m. to
i; p. m. Sunday hours, ]0::io a. m, to
12:20 p. m. Tuesday iilaht nnd Thursday
night 7:ID p. m. to S:IS p. m.
Consultation always free. Medicines
furnished. Terms always moderate. Eyes
ernmiucd for glasses tree of charge.
TO PROHIBIT THE DISTRIBUTION
OR SCATTERING OF CIRCULARS.
I. Be It ordained by the Common nnd
Select Councils of the city of Norfolk,
that it shall bo unlawful for any person
to distribute or scatter, or cause to be
distributed or scattered on the streets of,
or in or about any lot, yard or building In
si 'I city, any sample, handbill, dodger,
circular, er other paper or advertising
matter or device, liable to liner the streets
and premises In said city.
-. Any person guilty of a violation of
ibis ordinance shall be punishable by a
line of not more that live dollars nor less
that one dollar, recoverable as other city
lines aro now recoverable.
:!. This ordinance shall be In force from
arid after tin; date of Its passage.
Adopted by the Common Council Do
oem'ber 16th, ISO?.
J. F. EAST.
President of the Common Council.
Adopted by the Select Council January
? 5d, 1900.
President of the Select Council.
Teste: H. S. HERMAN,
jaG-?t city Treasurer.
The copartnership her, tofnre exist'ng
between the undersigned, under the firm
name of Odend'hnl, Vlcnr & Gilbert, Is
this tl?y dissolved by mutual consent, W.
\V Vlcnr and O. W. Gilbert retiring.
1-'. Odend'hnl has associated with him
his son, F. Odend'hnl, Jr., and will con?
tinue the business at the store 203 Main
street, Y. M C. A, Building
The retiring partners bespeak for the
new llrm of Ode.nd'hnl & Son I lie same
patronage which a generous public has so
liberally bestowed upon the llrm of
Odend'hnl, Vicar & Gilbert In the past.
W. W. VICAR,
<;. W. GILBERT.
Norfolk, Va.. Jan. 1, ll'OO. JaMOt
TO THE PUBLIC
I have this day admitted into co-part
nershop with me my sjh, F. ODEND'
HAL Jr., and will continue the Clothing.
Merchant Tailoring and Men's Furnish?
ing Business at
No. 203 MAIN STREET,
Y. M. C. A. BUILDING,
Thankful for the very liberal patronage
bestowed upon the old llrrrt of Odend'hnl,
Vicar & Gilbert, respectfully ask for n
continuance of the same Pir the new lirm.
F. ODEN D'HAL.
ja2-int F. ODEND'IIAL, .lit.
Having this day purchased the stock
nnd good will of Messrs. COOKE, CLARK
& CO., who have for the past eleven years
conducted the Sash, Door and Blind and
Builders' Hardware business nt 84 Com?
mercial Place and ST Hoanoko avenue, wc
hereby beg leave to introduce ourselves
to you as Ihelr successors, and to invite
your continued orders, assuring you that
they shall havo our prompt and careful
Mr. Frank T. Clark, the President of
our Company.has been for the past eleven
years a member of the llrm of Cooke,
Clark .?i Co., and prior to that thno was
for thirteen yearn connected with the es?
tablishment of Mr. Luther Sheldon, the
pioneer Sash, Door and Blind Merchant
of this city.
Mr. Chns. Samson, Jr.. our Secretary,
been for the past six years with t'ooke,
Citric & Co.. In charge of the Hardware
and Manb i Department.
Mr. C. C. Walton, our Treasurer, has
been with Cooke, Clark & Co. for eleven
years, In charge of tho books and ofiice
All the employees r.f our Company have
been with Cooke, Clark & Co. for some
years, and aro well mtalliicd to till their
respective positions.You will rcjd'ly see
that we are well equipped to take good
care of all business that may be entrust?
ed to us. Respectfully.
FRANK T. CLARK CO., Limited
By FRANK T. CLARK,
Norfolk,. Ve.. January 1st, 1000.
The co-partnership hcretoforo existing
between the undersigned, under the firm
name and style of Cooke, Clark & Co., is
,? day dissolved by mutual consent.
Parties Indebted to said tlrm will please
mako payment to either of the undersign?
ed at the office of the late firm, and all
persons having clulms against it will pre
*?nt them at that place for payment.
The stock and good will of tho old firm
has been sold to tho
FRANK T. CLARK COMPANY
WHO WILL CONTINUE THE
Sash, Door and Blind and
Builders' Supply Business
at the old stand
NO. Si COMMERCIAL PLACE AND NO.
H ROANOKE AVENUE.
Wo thank tho public for tho patronage
so liberally given to the old firm, and be.
speak for our successors a continuance ol
WILLOUC.il BY T. COOKE,
PRANK T. CLARK.
COLD WINTER WINDS
Don't Be Caught Without a
Wraps cost less than pneumonia. W?
have a very handsome lino of Jackets and
In order to make loom for other goods,
you can select any Coat or Cape In stock
nt cost. No deception. Wo deal In facts.
It will plense us to show them to you
Before buying clscwhcro cull and seo
L. H. Whitehurst,
336 MAIN STREET.
New Phone S57.
COME AND SEE THEM.
CITY GAS CO.,
82 Plume Street.
Fresh Land Plaster
in oil, pork and pine barrels
Mo. 1 Rock Lime
JOHN 0. GRMfiGE
~~? T II IS ?
HOTTIMTOB l WBENji CO.,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS
Wc now have on our yard a stock ot
freshly mined and choice
Our customers would do well to place
their orders nnd lay In their winter sup?
ply whilo the coal is dry, fresh and clean.
Pocahontas Steam Coal
a. specialty. Get our prices before buying
Pine and Oak Wood 1
of the very best quality on this market;
sawed, split nnd delivered ns required.
Your orders aro respectfully solicited.
OLD 'PHONES. G-114 nnd 236.
NEW 'PHONES, l? and 2C._
BENJ. L. DOZIER,
Livery, Boarding and
61, 63, 65 Cove Street.
Everything new und up-to-date. .
P. S. PHONE, 606,