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Virginian-pilot. (Norfolk, Va.) 1898-1911, December 30, 1900, Image 4

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(Consolidated March, 1S3S.)
Entered at the Pestoftlco at Norfolk,
;.;!**.. oa second-class matter.
office: pilot building,
city: hall avenue.
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The Brooklyn Eagle has been so
staunch In Its attachment to. and so
unreserved in admiration of, Hon.
Grover Cleveland that It had come to
be considered as, In a sense, the organ
of the ex-President. Its editor, Air. St.
Clalr McKalway, is one of the ablest
newspaper writers of the country, and
tho Eagle's adverse criticism of Mr.
Cleveland's recent pronunciamento Is
both interesting and unexpected. The
Eagle points out, as the Virginian
Pilot did some days ugo, that 1 Mr.
Cleveland confined himself to generali?
ties. It wishes that he "had been more
epeclflc." and proceeds to supply his
omission by declaring that "Demo?
cracy's ancient ways were ways of
hard money, ways of expansion, and
ways of gay and efilcient affirmance
of the nation's rights In and against
foreign countries. Those were the ways
the party trod under Jefferson, Monroe,
Jackson, Polk and Pierce. They are
the ways the nation is treading now,
but not under Democratic guidance
and, we regret to say, not under Mr.
Cleveland's example, encouragement
or support."
All this Is the more precious because
it constitutes the first attempt we have
6?en to state what are the "time hon?
ored" principles the Democracy is al?
leged to have deserted. Is the Demo
cracy now opposed to "hard money'.'"
On the contrary, It favors an Increase
In the supply of "hard money." Is It
opposed to Expansion? On the con?
trary. It favors Expansion, but not
Imperialism. Does It advocate the sur?
render of American rights to foreign
nations? Democratic Statesmanship
is not responsible for the Hay-Paunce
fote treaty and the surrender of a strip
of Alaska to Great Britain. It was
Democratic Statesmanship that com?
pelled Mr. McKinley to reluctantly as?
sert the dignity of this nation when
-Spain?was trampling on American
rights and throwing American citizens
Into Cuban dungeons. But to return
to the Eagle's criticism:
"And when Mr. Cleveland undertakes
*0 speak the word of Restoration or to
open-up the path of Return, he fails
to particularize the principles or the
policies which he would present. And
when his suggestions are examined,
they are found to be involved in the
?very things which. Republicanism is
inow doing in its name, and not in the
Democratic name, for the country and
for the world. On the line of issuers a
Democratic campaign is made difficult
by the fact that Republicanism itself Is
administering essential Democracy at
this time."
The Virginlan-Pllot does not admit
Ithat "Republicanism is administering
essential Democracy at this time," but
REPUBLICANISM, This likeness was
not brought about by Republican adop?
tion of Democratic principles, but by
the desertion of those principles by
Democratic leaders. The Eagle is scor?
ing Mr. Cleveland because he did not
have the courage to say plainly that
he advocates making the Democracy
a cheap imitation of Republicanism,
and adds that Mr Bryan's hold "has
not been seriously shattered by the
jsonosous euphemisms and the reson
jtnt emptiness of Mr. Cleveland's state
ment. which had hotter been mtulo
specific or not made at all." We agree
with tho Eagle entirely. It Is always
better to be plain about these little
matters. Mr. Cleveland should have
done as the Eagle has done?say out?
right ho was a Republican and let it
go at that.
'"Tis well for us all, some lond hope
Deeply burled from human eyes.
And In the hereafter angel's may
Roll from its grave the stone away."
It were almost sacriligeous to burst
asunder the beautiful silver-lined cloud
that ever floats before the enraptured
gaze of some others in the world than
the mere idle dreamers. It even par?
takes much of cruelty to destroy the
iridescent dream of the boy-man, long?
ing and hoping for the "bag-of-gold"
at the end of the rainbow. The man's
rainbow may not cast Us variegated
hues athwart the skies, nor may It be
seen by but cue man, but it exists, Is
as bright and beautiful and creates as
great a longing in the tiiun as Iii the
boy. To others It Is but a dream, a
day-dream, but to each individual It is
the "fond hope that lies deeply buried
from human eyes."
So it Is today that in the nervous,
busy, strenuous world there is buried
in the breast of the machine called
"man" a spirit, another self. His brain
and his hands may u>ii for place and
pelf and there may be no present ex?
hibition of tlie finer sensibilities in the
counting room, the bank and the plllce,
but every stroke and every effort of
energy Is but the Inspiration of the
spirit of the man forcing him on, that
its end may be accomplished, and for
that purpose alone. And when there
is no longing of the spirit after a defi?
nite purpose, then there Is no effort.
Nor are these dreams of the spirit In?
consistent with the practical life. Who
is 'that raises his hand or exercises
his brain, but has an object to attain,
whether that object be worthy or un?
worthy. It may be ambition. It may
be greed, it may be personal happiness,
or It may be an unselfish desire to pro?
tect others; but, at last, it Is the fond
dream lying burled, but awaiting the
hand to roll from its grave the stone
that stands between the spirit and its
goal. And that goal may be the unat?
tainable and mythical treasure at the
end of the rainbow?mores the pity;
but till the awakening, it is the guiding
star of the man's life.
Say what one will; then, the true in?
dex to the character of man is his ob?
ject In life. It is the thing he pur?
sues, that he wants most and that he
thinks of and dreams of In his rever?
ies that is unconsciously reflected in
his words and actions, He may pile
up a fortune or he may be a ruler
among men, yet If they are but means
to an end, the end Is not yet, and the
restless spirit soars ever onward to its
goal even though destruction awaits It
at the end. It Is the man we know?
his spirit, never! It may be a dream
after all, the object of one's existence,
but It is Life; it is the life, and all else
is but a means to the end.
So, however dark the hour, or how?
ever portentous the coud, if there
shines behind It a fond hope (though
but a dream it be) its brlgntness will
encircle the darkness with an ever
present promise that soon it will burst
forth in all its splendor; for it is the
man's life, his being?that for which
he lives, labors and suffers and walls.
There Is a pretty, and we may add
characteristic, row on over the forth?
coming yacht lac fqr the America cup
on the challenge? of Sir Thomas Llptdn.
The cup is in the possession of the New
York Yacht Club which is having con?
structed a yacht TT defend the cup
against Sir Thomas Upton's boat. As
the race is supposed to be between the
fastest boat America can produce and
the faslest boat that England can pro?
duce, Mr. Thomas \V. Lawson, of Ros?
ton, conceived the idea that he had a
right to build <i yacht to race against
the New York Club's boat for the
honor of contesting for the cup with
Sir Thomas Llpton,
As it is an international affair, to the
ordinary mind it would seem that Mr.
Lawsbn took a reasonable view of the
matter, but the New York Yacht Club
scouts his idea sis preposterous and has
informed him that if he wishes to race
for the cup he must join the club. To
this Mr. Lawson demurs, and so ap?
parently if his boat should prove itself
capable of sailing all around the New
York Yacht Club's boat the latter and
not the former will uphold American
prestige In the race. In other words,
the New York Yacht Club sets up the
contention that as the cup Is In it.
possession nobody can race for it ex?
cept under the club's auspices.
Tliis absurd contention naturally
robs the rate of all national Interest or
significance, and makes of It merely a
race between the New York Yacht
Club and Sir Thomas Llpton. It Is not
a contest between the swiftest of
American craft and I lie swiftest of
English craft, hut between two given
boats. It is no more a national affair
'than the tests of speed between Mr.
Richard Croker's horses and those .of
the Prince of "Wales on the English
It Is never safe to drive a people to
desperation. If history has taught any
lesson It is that. Yet the lesson seems
to be wasted. England in South Africa
and the powers in China are repeating
this world-old blunder. It is due to
tho blind selfishness of the hog. innate
also In the human breast, The usual
result Is beginning to appear In Ine
first case; In due time It will appear in
the second.
Unless the nurses In tho insane ward
of Bellevuo Hospital, New York City,
have been grossly misrepresented, at
least three of them should bol( con?
signed to tho electric ahalr. For cow?
ardly brutality tho murder of Patient
Hllllard, as described by Thomas J.
Minnock (a reporter of the New York
Herald, who feigned insanity to gain
ndmlssion to the hospital and observe
the treatment of patients), Is without a
parallel in the annals of crime In this
country. The autopsy conllrrned Mln
nock's allegations, showing that Hll?
llard had bepn cruelly beaten, three of
his ribs broken and the tissues of his
throat crushed by choking, all because
he declined to eat his supper: Mlu
nock thus described tho scene to the
Coroner's jury:
" 'You won't eat, eh?' said Marshal:
to Hllllard. 'Well, I think I know a
way to make you do what you are told.'
At a signal Marshall and Davis seized
Hllllard and threw him violently on the
lloor. The poor fellow went down In a
heap. The other lunatics jumped up
and huddled together in a corner and
noted us if they were scared half to
"What happened to Hllllard?"
"Dean, when he heard the c?mmotlon,
came out of the olllce on a run. Mar
Shall and Davis had Hllllard on the
floor and were beating him with their
fists. When Dean reached Hllllard he
jumped in the air and landed with his
knees upon the poor fellow's chest with
force enough to crush the life out of
his body. I never expected to see him
move again. The other lunatics became
excited, shouted and yelled."
"What did the nurses do?"
"Dean bent over Hllllard while the
other two nurses held him on the lloor
and clutched him by the throat. Mil?
liard struggled to get away, but he
could not brink the vice-like grip of
Dean, who acted as if he. too. had lost
ids mind. Dean kept his knees on the
man's chest. Hllllard hecume quiet. I
thought he was dead."
This is not the first Instance of
cruelty to insane persons In hospitals,
but usually the cases have been merely
unnecessarily harsh treatment of vio?
lent patients. Hllllard, it seems, was
neither violent nor physically capable
of dangerous violence. Nevertheless he
was done to death by tho three brutes
Who were supposed to take care of hint.
It Is a disgrace to New York that such
atrocities should be possible under tho
laws governing hospital management.
Tho horrible conditions prevalent in
Porto Rico, as shown by the report of
Dr. A. D. Williams, a surgeon In the
United States Army, after a tour of in?
vestigation In the island, should be
sufficient to send, not merely a thrill of
pity, but a pang of conscience through
the American people. A single para?
graph of Dr. Williams' report la suffi?
cient to show just what the conditions
"At Ad juntas; the conditions were ap?
palling; men, Winnen, nnd children,
swollen,bloated,diseased and emaciated,
whoso pinched and haggard features
appeared weighted with the sorrows of
years. When I asked the city physi?
cian of Adjuntns the cause of such a
large death rate?fifty-two deaths nnd
foul" births the week immediately pre?
ceding our vi.sit there?he replied: 'The
death rate is about the same every
week. The prime cause?chronic star?
vation.' "
The American people cannot absolve
themselves from all responsibility in
the premises. The situation since the
American occupation has been one that
they could not meet Individually, to be
sure; It was one that could have been
met, In a measure, by the Government,
which represents tho American people
as a whole, and for which they are re?
sponsible. For this state of affairs the
blame falls upon the Government at
Washington, to a degree, and from it
to the peopla who have condoned, if
they have not endorsed, Its heartless
treatment of this simple, kindly nnd
most unfortunate people.
The people described In the para?
graph given above, these nre they who
welcomed the advent of the American
soldiers In Porto Rico with flags and
flowers and the ringing of bells. Every?
where In that Island the man who wore
tin American uniform was hailed ns a
deliverer, .a benefactor nnd friend. And
though since that time the island's
substance has been destroyed by storm
and flood, this Government has delib?
erately exacted from Its miserable peo?
ple $2,000,000 a year, at the behest of
our own overgrown corporations. It is
folly to assert that the people do hot
pay this tribute; Americans know suf?
ficiently who pays tariff duties.
Where it should have given alms the
Government has levied taxes!
And yet In the face of all this suffer?
ing, disappointment nnd Injustice, the
Porto Ricans have remnlned orderly,
obedient and loyal to American author?
ity. What other people would have
done so much? Would our own people
have been thus patient of hard condi?
tions nnd harder usage? On the con?
trary, our cities would have been swept
with fire and blood, and the only alter?
native of anarchy would have been ab?
solutism, even extermination.
Is it not time that the country purge
Itself of this sin iigainst this helpless
and dependent people nnd its own bet?
ter Instincts? England has done more
for India's millions than we have done
for Porto Rico's thousands. In the
name of common sense and sheer self
Interest, nre we to permit this state of
affairs to continue until wo have a
Sepoy Rebellion among ihla starved
and desperate people? Shnll we with?
hold a dollar In charity now and spend
ten In the repression a few years later?
Shall we stand shamed before the
world nnd ourselves by permitting such
conditions to continue in any territory
over which our flag floats?
Congress will meet again In a few
days. It Is not expected that it will
admit its own Injustice or correct its
own blunder in passing tho Porto
Rican tariff bill. Let the beneficiaries
of that measure have their blood
money But In the name of humanity
and a generous people, let it take I
measure to feed the starving Porto
Ricans. The Government Is spending
hundreds of millions In conquest; the
American people would bo gratified to
sec it give a few millions In charity to
relieve such unspeakable suffering.
Maybe when he said "give the rank
and file a chance" Hon. Grover Cleve?
land meant the rank mugwumps who
bolted the party In 11>D6 and tiled appli?
cations for jobs with the Republican
Good heavens, North Carolina has
not put up enough peach brandy to
last beyond Christmas! The Governor
of South Carolina can soon repeat his
oft quoted remark. ? San Antonio
Chronicle. *
Surely the editor of the Chronicle has
never been a resident of the Old North
State. If the Tar Heels run short of
peach brandy they may yet quench
that limekiln thirst, so peculiar to
Carolinians. Corn whiskey and apple
jack may yet be had there, and that,
too, without the aid or consent of any
governmental license on earth!?Hous?
ton Post;
Respectfully passed on to our North
Carolina contemporaries for refutation
or confirmation.
One thing the new year should bring
Norfolk Is more manufacturing estab?
lishments. They mean more business,
more people and more money.
(Omoha World-Herald.)
The robbers who undertook to loot
the S'tnte treasury were wise In their
day and generation. They made the
attempt because the fusion adminis?
tration went out and not after the
Republican administration had the first
whack at It.
(Pittsburg Post.)
Paper of the kind m?cd in books and
newspapers is no longer imported. The
duty i.s absolutely prohibitory. It Is,
on the contrary, exported in consider?
able and profitable amounts. The
American makers not only supply the
home market entirely and ship their
products to Australia and Japan to
compete with the foreign manufacture
ers, but they actually compete in tho
markets of Great Britain with the
British, Swedish and German manu?
facturers, llow large Is the business
done with foreign countries is shown
by the statistics given in the report of
the bureau Just published for the ten
months ending with October. Bast
year the exports of printing paper for
these ten motv.hs were 78,821,445
pounds; this year the same exports
were 95,213,771 pounds.
(Atlanta Constitution.)
While it may never be possible to get
to the bottom or the Dreyfus case, one
thing must remain certain?that the
men surrounding him were worse than
he could possibly have been.
One of his most active persecutors?
Major Count Ferdinand Walsln Ester
hazy?has mot the usual fate of trans?
gressors. In a letter to his divorced
Wife he writes:
"I have been unable to write to my
children recently, not having the mon?
ey to buy a postage stamp. I tun at
the last extremity of strength, courage
and resources. I have not eilten for
two days until this morning in the
workhouse. 1 have no clothes, am
shivering with cold and am compelled
to warm myself by entering churches
and museums. Without bread, home
or clothing, I shall die or privations of
all kinds, unless a revolver bullet puts
everything in go<|d order."
Pitable enough, but what better fate
was to be expected for a man of his
(Augusta Chronicle.)
Mr. Cleveland's suggestion to give
the rank and file a chance sounds very
much like buncombe to a man
who remembers, recent bialorx_Li
was not the rank and lllo that
was allied with Cleveland Democ?
racy at the time he passed from
power. Our recollection Is that
David B. Hill. William E. Bus
sell, William C. Whitney, William F.
Vilas, Roswell P. Flower, A. 1*. Gor?
man, Senator Gray, William F. Har
rity an I all the gold standard Demo?
crats of the Cleveland wing of the
party, the heretofore leaders of the
party, were at Chicago in the interest
of a platform that was plainly in the
minority, and thai it was Hie rank and
file who took matters In theli own
hands and put oul a platform that did
not beat about the bush and say one
thing while meaning another. The rank
and file have !.h very much In evi?
dence for these pasl four years. They
may have bungled things in the opin?
ion Of some peopli . hut certainly the
old time lenders who have been seek?
ing the seclusion of their tents cannot
claim that the rank and file have not
had a voice in recent platforms and
(Chicago Tribune.)
The benefactions of the year 1000 to
educational Institutions, libraries, nrt
museums and galleries, charities and
churches by personal donations and bo
queSts amount to the large total of
$60,264.030 to date, or between $19,000,
000 und $20.i"" : 'VI less than last year.
This total maj be im l eased somewhat
during the coming week, but approxi?
mately it represents what has been
contributed to these various objects
during the year.
it is in no way discouraging that thes
record shows this year a frilling off as
compared with 1899, for last year was
a record breaker. Its total ($7'.>,749.956)
wits a round llfty millions greater than
the average of the preceding ten years,
and that Of the present year Is fully
that, while till wave has naturally re?
ceded a little, II Is still far in advance
of the total reached in any year prior
to 1899.
Of this great sum of $60,264,030 edu?
cational Institutions have received al?
most exactly one-half, or $30,669,644,
and more then half of this has been
received by thirty-six of the larger col?
leges and universities. The smaller
colleges, academies and seminaries
have been given $9,061,405, and the
Methodist twentieth century thank
Offering has enriched educational in?
stitutions with $3,142,532 more. Libra?
ries and art museums and galleries
should be classified as educational,
The former have received $6,448,000.
what the: new
Reforms Wnicn We Should Hope For, Work For and Pray For.
More important, perhaps, than the summing up of the accomplishments of the Nine?
teenth Century, is a careful consideration of the foremost tasks of mankind in the Twen
tieth Century. Looking forward one'hundred years, we find that there is work for every?
body, in social reform movements, in further scientific development, in educational progress,
in municipal improvement, in the purification' of politics* in bettering the condition of
labor, eic.
The Virginian-Pilot has secured for the benefit of its readers from The Christian Herald
a valuable'series of articles written by recognized authorities in their respective fields of. work,
giving their opinions of "What The New Century Should Do For Humanity."
The fust installment of the series will be found below, and the ' remaining
articles will appear from day to day until completed.
(Ry Rev. Francis E. Clark.)
1 believe that the new century will
be better than any thai, lias gone before
it. The inventive mind of man is not
yet exhausted. The resources of God
are almost as yet untouched. New in?
ventions, new discoveries, new treas?
ures from im.' bowels of the earth, new
cosmic forces to bo harnessed to the
will of man, all await a new century.
There will be also, 1 believe, improve?
ments In the statements of Truth, in
the methods of carrying the Gospel
Into all the world. In the organization
of the Church. There will be a broader
brotherhood, there will be less si t Lil ?
ian rivalry, and no sectarian bitterness.
It will not be thought necessary in the
new century to segregate people, young
and old. Into ranks by themselves, but
together ihey shall go out to light the
Lord's battle or to do the Lord's will.
But with all these Improvements and
With all this progress which 1 believe
the twentieth century will bring, I cun
not conceive ol any change in the fun
dainenial llillhs 51 Hie G->speT
The Gospel of Jesus Christ has with?
stood the changes of far more moment?
ous transition periods than that from
the nineteenth to the twentieth cen?
tury. Truths that have stood the test
of nineteen centuries, which have sur?
vived the persecutions of the early cen?
turies, the midnight of the .Middle Ages,
the fashionable scepticism of the eigh?
teenth centpry, and the materialism
and worldllness of the nineteenth, ate
not likely to be overthrown by any re?
volutions that the twentieth century
have in store for us.
in fact, there are most cheering indi?
cations that the truths of the Gospel
will be established on a linnet- founda?
tion than ever, and that In the very
near future. Destructive criticism
seems to have done Its worst. Dr. Iiii?
iis declares that its age is - past, and
that the era of cons'truetive develop?
ment of Christian truth has begun.
Very many share his opinion. Untena?
ble positions have been uncovered,
twisted and warped proof-texts have
been abandoned, but every fundamen?
tal doctrine of the Christian Chun Ii
has been maintained and Is as substan?
tially rooted today ^i the hearts of the
church as ever in the past history of
the world. Ignorance may be favora?
ble to credulity, but It is not the moth?
er of Intelligent faith.
The coming century will hold, I be?
lieve, more strongly 'than ever to the
truths of God's word, because they will
be better understood. The great facts
of sin ami Its consequences, the lost
estate or man and his salvation only
by Jesus Christ, the great truths of
the fatherhood of God ami the brother?
hood of man, of the importance of tills
life as a period of probation and of
eternal reward and retribution, of the
presence of ihe Holy Spirit in the
world, and of the Imperativeness er
the great commission to evangelize all
nations, these tiuths which lie at the
base of Christian thinking and Chris?
tian activity will, I believe, be more
firmly established, and, as a conse?
quence, Into all the open doors of tho
world the Gospel through Its devoted
followers will make its way, and the
twentieth century will be looked back
Upon by future generations as more
bright and golden than any hundred
years that have preceded It.
(By William Jennings Bryan.)
There nre many reforms which I
hoi e to see realized during the new
century. 1 suggest a question which
ought to receive more attention during
the coming century thun it has during
the last few years, namely: How can
the coming of the trotherbood of man
be hastened by 'those who acknowledge
the Fatherhood of God? Love of God
can best be shown by the exhibition
of a brotherly love broad enough to
Include all of God's creatures. The
Bible denounces as a liar the man who
says that he loves God and yet hates
his brother.
I can conceive of no greater reform
than that which would apply the elev?
enth commandment: "Thou shall love
thy neighbor as thyself," to all phas3s
Of human experience^ It would put an
end to Injustice, whether practiced on
a small seile by individuals or on a
large scale through tho operation of
bad laws.
Woman's OiitlooK in U/?e New Century.
(By Elizabeth Cady Stanton.)
Evi r and anon public thought Is
aroused on the question of vice in
cities. Though an aroused public senti?
ment can repress the ov-lls for it time in
one locality, they reappear at once
with renewed energy in many 'others.
Occasionally church officials make their
protests, but no one seems to under?
stand the hidden cause of all these ter?
rible outrages.
The authorities of the Episcopal
church are Just now aroused to action.
The first step to be taken is to teach
woman a greater f-respect and the
rising generation a more pQifotind rev?
erence for her. So long as we assign
to her an interior position in the scale
of being: one unlit to stand in the
"Holy of Holies" In cathedrals; to take
a seat us delegate In a synod, general
assembly or conference; to be ordained
to preac h the Gospel or administer the
sacraments?so long will the degrada?
tion and dependence of woman con?
All our efforts to suppress vice are
hopeless until woman is recognized in
the Canon law and all church discip?
line, as equal in goodness, grace and
dignity with bishops, archbishops?yea,
with till who are ( tilled the head of the
ChUI ell.
Our sons from the law schools do not
rise from their studies of the invid?
ious statutes and opinion': of jurists
in regard to women with a higher re?
spect for them, our sons in theologi?
cal seminaries do not rise from their
studies of the Bible, and tho popular
commentaries on the passages of Scrip?
ture i ure c; ninf \vimi:;n's creation ami
tudc. If the same respect the masses I
nre educated to feel for cathedrals, 1
altars, symbols and sacraments was |
extended to the mothers of the race,
as It should bo. all these problems
would be settled.
(By Lille Devereux Blake.)
Despite the fact that women have
through the Christian centuries been
condemned to positions of inferiority,
when happy conditions or strange ac?
cidents have given to fine specimens
of their sex the opportunity to show
their ability, they have proved their
superiority in Innumerable Instances.
The armies of Israel were led to vic?
tory by Deborah, when Barak lacked
i ho energy to continue the contest.
The armies of France were led by
Joan of Are, when the French generals
bad met only defeat. Elizabeth of
England, Maria Theresa of Austria,
Catherine the Great of Russia, are
familiar examples of queens Who were
greater than the kings who preceded
or followed them.
Woman's capacity is beyond dispute,
and; If this be granted, there can be
no doubt of' her ability to bear 111>
burdens and responsibilities of govern?
ment. And no woman will ever be ele?
vated to high ofiicial position, unless
she has shown herself at least the peer
of those who now hold such places,
position In the scale of being, with an
added respect for the mothers who
went to the very gates of death to
give them life and immortality.
Just as long as the church and the
Slate continue tu make woman an out?
cast she will lie ihe sport of the multi
(By Harriet Preseott Spofford.)
In I he future, as in the nast oJicr.
will doubtless be some womeu who will
cultivate the mercantile spirit, and
! they can claim the example of Mrs.
, Hetty Green, who has turned one mil -
i lion into many millions. And while It
does not nt all follow that they need
j to be eccentric or notorious or niggard?
ly in doing it, it is certain that they
will do it better, and to nobler ends by
reason of the training received all over
tlie c nintry in tho schools and colleges
of today.
The bad habit of dependence, if not
subjection, which until lately has been
encouraged In women, has hindered
their Inventive development. But It is
likely that the superior effect of tho
modern methods, the self-dependence
fostered, will Increase the inventive
quality, and that the manual training
given in schools will have taught tho
use of tools, and the old joke of tho
woman and the hammer will have lost
its clinch. If they can never enter
trades requiring muscular strength,
they can enter those that do not re?
quire so much, as many men do. Tho
enlargement also of the intellectual
powers, must of cuurse lind play in the
professions, and women have already
demonstrated their value as lawyers,
as physicians, helped by feminine ten?
derness, as ministers, to whom tho
long cultivation of the spiritual nature
through generation after generation
h nds an added heavenly grace.
It is often quoted as an argument
against the advancement of women
that they cannot fight, as if there were
nothing in i-cfworld to do but to light,
as if, Indeed, all pu n could light.
There is an ample Held for women in
connection with the army. In the com'?
mlssary and sanitary arid hospital de?
partments, quite as important as any
other service. And it should be re
mcmbi n I that when responsibility is
brought home to women there will bo
much less fighting than there is in
Liiese days.
A lid In .conclusion, may T not say
that while those concerned In our
country's welfare are urging tue culti?
vated anil refined among men to go into
politic.", it would seem that the pres?
ence of women in politics could not bo
otherwise than beneficial to the coun?
Nearly the entire amount has been
given for the building of new libraries
in sixty-four different cities and towns
and seventeen of these are to be cred?
ited to Mr. Andrew Carnegie, who has
given S4.195.000 for this purpose during
I the year. For art galleries and mu?
seums there has been donated $956,000.
Charities and churches have received
a generous proportion of the total ben?
efits. Charities have taken $13,390,176,
which is about $150,000 more than last
year, and the various churches and
church enterprises $8,799,605, which Is
nearly $6,000,000 more than last year.
When It Is considered that these fig?
ures only represent gifts or bequests
where the amount is over $1,000 In each
case, and that private subscriptions or
collections, of which no records can be
kept, are not included, there Is every
reason for the pessimist to take cour?
age. "This world's not half so bad a
world as some would like to make It."
(New York World.!
The Illinois Steel Company has just
closed a conlraet for ?JO.i.U.iO tons of steel
rails and fishplates to be delivered by
it to certain Victoria railroads. 'Of
course, the Illinois Company was. able
to fill this large order from Australia
at a lower price than British Bleel rail
companies, or it could not have got the
It is over 12,000 miles, via fan Fran?
cisco, from the works of Hie company
in Illinois to Adelaide, Victoria. It Is a
demonstrated fact, therefore. that
American steel rails are being made
ulonSteelesfln-tmes--7,alo 8
equal or better in quality and lower In
price than English steel rails, the
freight paid upon them over 12.00il
miles of land and sea. with a good
margin of profit to the American man?
And yet the tariff duty of $7.M a ton
against English steel rails is main?
tained, and defended as necessnry. It
is necessary, too, in a sense. The
American Steel Kail Trust managers
heed it in order thai they may keep on
charging their own Countrymeh more
for their goods than they charge their
British and Australian customers.
(Copyrighted, 1000, by R. R. Hughes,
The use of torpedoes in naval war?
fare was proposed and even attempted
However, as is well known, the rtrst
successful appllctlon was not made
until the war between the States in
America in the CO's.
The close of the century saw the in?
vention df chimney sweeping brush
machines, which proving practicable,
led to the passage of laws in England
putting an end to the cruellies prev?
iously practiced in the employment of
children In sweeping chimneys.
*. * *
People who had doubted that the
closing years of the Kighteentth cen?
tury had marked greater advancement
in textile industries than centuries pre?
ceding It were assured by a declaration
in the Uritish Parliament that thlrty
livo persons could now accomplish in
the wool manufacture, with the aid of
machinery, what would have required
the labor of 1,640 persons In 17Sf>, equiv?
alent to the statement that one person
could now do the same work that forty
seven had done fifteen years earlier.
Still the principle of automate or me?
chanical manufacture was yet in Its
The Religious Tract Society, an Insti?
tution unparalleled In the extent and
variety of its operations, was founded
in London and from it sprang tin- nu?
merous societies in different parts of
the empire, as well as in the United
States and on the ? em inent Of Europe.
Volta Invented the galvanic battery
which bears his nnme, the greatness of
which discovery was at once recog?
? ? ?
The following persons, who hid
through life been conspicuous" in the
world's history, died durng the year
Is. Al i . lins, historian of Swiss col?
onies in America,.
Madam Adelaide, aunt of Louise XVI.
Ireneo A (To, Italian antiquarin and
Albancse, Italian musician.
Francis Albert) di Villanora, Italian
Gorge Allen, nntiquary.
Jean Dnptiste Audebert, French nat<
uralist and engraver.
Jean Claude d'Arcon, French engi?
Ifves Marie Audreln, French ecclesi?
astic and politician.
Henry Babcock, American soldier.
Angelo Marie Bandlnl, Italian anal*
quartan and blllographer.
I.ouis Count de Hurras,, French naval
o ITicer
William Billings, American musica/
Hugh Blair, Scottish divine and pro?
fessor of rhetoric.
William Blount, American statesman
Marquis de Banille, French General
and writer.
Luis de las Casas y Arugarri, Span.
Ish Governor General of Cuba.
.ban Etlenne Champlonnet. Frcncfc
Buke Armand de Chavost, Freuet
Count de Conway. Irish General in
American revolution.
William C.owper, English poet.
Elijah Cralg, American Baptist clesjr
DeLanccy, American soldLr and
T.ouis de Veyyoux, French General,
Margaret Draper, (wife of Hichard
Draper),' American journalist.
Bryan. Edwards, English merchant
and author in America.
George Gray. American statesman.
Joseph do Guignes, French oriental?
William Hans, Swiss type founder
and printer.

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