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Daily Richmond Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1861-1862, September 30, 1861, Image 2

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inimitable sangfroid and supereciliou* arroganoe with
which they exhibit their Impudenoeaud pertneaa to gen
tlemen doing bcsinewe with them. It i« aaid that theee
g,utry ate well paid for theireemo.e; that they display
their tense of obligation in return by a liberal patronage
of Karo banks and Cjpriau parlors, and that thay are
in for eenrice daring the war, hoping the war may
be a long one.
I hare alluded to the feeling which actuates the p to
pi-. A journey of near two thousand union, in order to
reach thta place, ha* given me »ome opportnnitie* of ob
servation. The enthusiasm which pervade* the masees
has not had it* counterpart since the day* when * holy
x ',1 fired the heaita of the countleee cm-alert, leading
them to the aaored tomb. I have aeen biuabing maidens
rush breathless to the railroad caret* we passed, to wave
u* a Gcd speed, or to throw n* a flower, I have seen
gray-haired men and women kneel in their door* a* your
troops were speediag onward, and, with hands upraised,
supplicate high Heaven fbr their succm*; I have seen a
troop of mothers, habited in table, hold up their chil
dren m sight of you? soldiery, and, p-eseing them to
tbeir bosoms, point to Manassas. Such is the spirit of
our vomer; such is the feeling of the sons, daughter*
and mothers of the South. Shall thie ardor be subdued
or dampened in the hour of it* dawning by the tale that
our heroic army Is beleaugered, besieged and preyed
upon by the horde ol biood-juckera I have named?—
Shall the aged father, who has sent all hi* sons to battle,
and given all hi* cotton to the Government, know that
that Government '* infested with men who are robbing
them daily ? Shall the mother, who has arrayed her off
spring in the rough habiliments of war, and frerz ng th?
tear in the eye ere it told Its tale, sent them forth to
meet the iron hail of battle, know that those loved ones
are laid low with disease, or are rcfTjring the pangs of
hunger, or for th* want of attention, are exposed to the
elem-nts of a wintry clime ? And all on account of the
Government, in which they have put their faith, having
become bankrupt by th# speculations and frauds of ■■
own servants.
This will be th* case if the evils I have refered to are
not nipped in their bud. If such things have b?en pall -
«te3, it is not now too soon to inaugurate reform. Let it
be done. Yoo. L idiee, can set the example by throwing
the weight of your influence against 1‘; if there are in
y.nr knowledge such defp’eibls characters as arc por
trayed, and they cannot be removed from office icout
them from your parloi s and your tables; let them know,
that though we may be ignoble and dastardly enough
to bear the impositions which they practice, you at least,
arv proud enough to preserve yourselves from the taint
of such association; let your smile* aud favors go out
among the so’diery, and there lock for them;rit wh.c’i
you look for in vain in the places I have described.
Lit it be made a list yNeao* that those seeking
1 place, no matter what, shall first be attached to the army;
_ u-- i» Dull Dnn fn
and to the Gauley, and to other fields, sad to their “hot
pitaU;'’ there you will find the weak and pining soldier
minus an arm, perhaps, or a leg, or an eve—it doe* not
nndt him for businees such as the* nimble -jointed car
pet cavaliers, who dance arcuid the Governmental sanc
tuaries are accustomed to; these poor fell jws are amply
competent to perform it, and wiu'.d greatly I refer it to
pension*. Turn out your brandy headed putl'c robbers,
and let theee men have their plaoes; let uj hear co long
ar in your army of “short rations,” when cur country is
over flowing with the surplus produce of her teeming
Soil; when oir barns are groaning, and our harggrt
fielda are laden with the choicest fruits of Nature, and
our yeomanry need but be told it is needed for the sol
dier, in order to have it sent to us : let the soldier know,
and /#«/, that the same patrotic and unselfish spirit which
has brought him hundreds of miles, to defend the com
mon so.I, pervade* all around and above him ; and that
he is but putting his hands to the great wheel which is
revolving upwards, slowly but surely in its track, towards
the mount on which the Temple of Liberty sbinee afar,
Impelled by the power of thirteen millions of heart*. Let
this be done ! Then will the star of our Confederacy
arise and ahine with a freshened lustre, whose effnlgenc*
•ill appear none the 1 *s bright b« cause it gloss in the
firmament of uationa side by side with the other stars
vkich have long since wandered from the paths of jus
tice and right, and which we, having ceased to fellow in
tketr tortnous orbits, would now fain lead as exemplars
and guiding stare, back to the pristine days of honesty
and purity.
Respectfully jour ob’t servt,
pv, CAXTON.
Texas Camp, Sept ‘38, 1861.
AN ECONOMICAL SUGGESTION.
To tkt Editor of tkt WAip:
Vi,ten at the Volunteer Camp* concur in saving, that
immense waste of previsions may be seen everywhere in
C.n.p. To insure that the soldier* have enough, much
more than enough is furnished. In Companies where
there are many tit^t, the waste must nearly equal the con
sumption.
Tala is because the soldier* do their own rooking. Let
a cook (repo) be hired for each Company, and let two
or three stove* be famished for each. One cook can
well attend to three stoves.
Stove* capable of cooking for fifty men each can b -
f irnuhed for $30. If they are not to be h id at once, let
• <m* foundry be set making then; s.-Iccling the beet
a> lei in Ore, and moet convenient else.
by mis arrangement, rau.il a no. wan'.eu win oe ravra,
not waited as at present. Tbe anting in provisions and
tael for one week, would buy tbe stoves sod pay tho hire
of the cooks. Fur tho matter of transportation, one
■sore will hadiy weigh more than one barrel of flour.
Ratmoso, Miss. ECOKOMIST.
RESOLUTIONS OF THE KENTUCY LEGISLATURE
In tbe House of Representatives of the Kentucky
Legislature on the l&tii, Mr. Fund, from the ecmmittte
on Fedaral Relations, reported as follows:
The committee to whom was referred the communica
tions of the Governor of tl is Commonwealth, together
with the communications of Poik and L rllicotfer, inform
ing tbe Governor that they bad aa xjd and were oocupt
iog, with large military foroc«, portion of the soil of Ken
tucky, have had tho same uuder consideration, and ask
leave to make the following report:
WhkriaS, Kentucky has b'ren invaded by the forces
of tbe so called Confederate States and the commander
of tbe forces so iovadiog the State have insolently pre
scribed tbe ccnditious upon which they- will withdraw,
thus insulting tbe dignity of the State by demanding
v "n which Kentucky cannot listen without dishonor,
therefore
,t.»*u.M</, That the invaders mutt be expetled.
Icasnruch as there are now iu Kentucky, Federal
trv >pe assembled for the purpoei of preserving the tran
quility of the State, and of defending and protecticg the
people of Kentucky in the peaceful enjoyment ol their
lives an i property, it is
Ritolfd, That Gan. Rebert Anderson, a native Kec
tockian, who has been appointed to tbo command of the
Department of Cumberland, be reqneeted to take instant
command, with authority and power from this Common
wealth to call out a volunteer force in Kentucky, for tbe
purpose of repelling the invaders from our soil.
Resolved, That in using the means which duty and
honor require shall be usrd to expel tbe invaders from
the soil ol Kentucky, do citisen shall be molested cn sc
oouut of bis political opinions—that no cit-xm’a property
shall be taken or confiscated because of such opiuior s.
nor shall any slave be set free by any military comman
dvr; and that all peaceable ciliams who remain at
horns and attend lo their own private business, until le
gally call'd into the public service, as well at their fami
Iki, are ec titled to, and ahall receive, the fulleet protec
t oa of the Government in the eejayment of their liver,
their liberties and their property.
Resolved, That bia Excellency, the Governor of'the
Commonwealth of Ken ucky, be f qjested to give all
tbe aid in his power to aceompl'sh tho end deeired by
these revolutions, and that be iseav bis proclamation
ct'l ng oat the militia of tbs Brats, and that be plaee tbe
same under the oommand of Geo. Thomas J. Crilteu
Aa»
Resolved, That the patriotism of every Kentuckian is
iovoked and is confidently retied upon to give active aid
hi the defence of the Commonwealth.
Tbe first resolution passed—74 to S3; the second fifl to
17; tho third 9U to S; the fourth by 71 u> 14; and the
fink and preamble by 71 to 23. Ia ibs Sense in the
evening the ease resolutions passed M to I.
' .4 * %
. .* ' Tj * -
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1 90lttT!TUT10l—STATK UIttHTI.
RICHMOND WHIG*
MONDAY MOKN1NG, SBPT. SO, 18S1.
TOCOKHltSPONDBNTS.
uttore on buolneoe meat b* addreee*d to tke-JUUorqf
\t lo w
Arttrla aritUnonbotkMm q/the paper KiUnctbe pubUtfr
4. nu it a rule of Una Handing, ought to be knoton tc all,
md Kin in no out be departed from. Obituary notlceeeaceed
eta eiatt Hnm uncharged for ae adeorUoommt*.
•■r We otmnot undertake to return roiectod oomenunioattone
Thw Dally Wkl| la Klchnion4-Pay the Car
• rlera.
The great demand for the Daiit Whig within the city,
*a well by regular as by transient readers, and tbe diffi
culty of satisfactorily supplying both classes of readers,
by a carrying system adapted only to cffice subscrip
tions, have induoed us to resort to the only feasible
mode of managing a large city circulation, to wit: that
of prepayment to the Carriert. From this date, there
fore, no subscriptions for the Whig to be left witbin the
eity will be taken at this rffix, acd all persons indebted
for subscription to the present time, within the city, are
requested to call at tho offioo and settle their accounts.
The Carriers will, of course, continue to deliver the pa
p»r to the present subscribers and receive pay for tbe
same at the rate of fifteen cents per week. The public
will now understand that all restriction upon the sale of
the Whig by Carriers within tbe city is removed, and
■ hat all who want it may buy it from the Carriers or have
it left for them at their reeidencea or places of busineee.
September Ififk, 1861.
The War.
We bear that Intelligence has been received in town,
by a gentleman from Washington, confirming the report
o the brilliant sneerss of Can 1‘rice, at L'xington, with
s me important additions. Instead of S,800 prisoners,
at reported by tbe Yankees, the numbers exceed 7,0<»0.
Aid besides the cannen, small arms, ammunition, s'orrs
a id S>00 horses, about half-a-million in money was also
o iptured. Wc fear this splendid achievement may lead
t > the displacement of Fremout, and the appointment cf
some abler tuan in bia place.
Gen. Wise, who was ordered to report to the depart
ment in this city, arrived by the cars, on 8atnrday. We
«ippoeo this order was prompted hy the disagreement un
derstood to exist between Gens. Floyd and Wise. When
erer discord prevails between commanders, whatever be
the merits or demerits of the controversy, the public in
terests and the safety of our soldiers demand the prompt
a id vigorous interference of the superior authority. Of
t e merits of this controversy, we know nothing—tho’
we have heard a great many things.
We hear that lor three days before General Wise left
Sewell Mountain, where Gen. Lee is in command, there
h id been heavy skirmishing, and our force* had repuls
ed the enemy, on every occasion. A serious engage
ment was expected at an early day—tbo’ onr policy is to
d.lay it, until our re-inforc< ruents, which are hurrying
f irward, shall rete^lhe scene of action.
From the upper Potomac, there are signs of renewed
activity; the enemy having largely increased his forces
i 1 that quarter.
On Friday, the enemy came out from their entrench
ments near Arlington Heights, with 4000 or 5000, pre
pared to occupy and fortify a position not far from Falla
Ohnrch. By the time they had got fairly to work, our
boys were upon them. The Yankee*, of the genuine
Bull Run breed, at onoe took to their hoels, leaving all
their entrenching tools, and sustaining a considerable
l >ss in killed and wounded.
Having received no wra'ern papers for the list three
lays, we are without late news from Kentucky.
Brllllaut Success In Missouri.
Tbs report of General Pries’* srceeae at Lexington is
fully conSimed by northern accounts. Next to Manaasar,
it is the greatest achievement of the war. The whole
force of the enemy consisting oi 3,500 men, with arms,
munitions and stores, was captured. The arms and am
munition are of inestimable value to our men. They
will enable General Pries to advance on his victorious
career. He had enough brave men ; now he has cannon
a d rides to put into their hands The New York llirald
v.-ry rationally oorjectures, that he would proceed at
doe to Boocevllle and Jefferson city, and drive out the
Hessians. If that unfortunate discord had not arisen
among our G morals, McCulloch, Hardee and Pillow, in
the southern part of the State, they might, ers this, have
been far on the way to St. Louis, acd been in position to
jive the enemy a fatal blow in that quarter. We hops
sill, it miy be post;b e for them to advance, in »ime to
prevent tbe concentration of the enemy's force* against
Price at Jtffcrson city.
The gallant Mitsourians deserve eternal praise for the
i ndomitable heroism they hare displayed under the moet
litcsuragiug circumatunoca. Without arms, aud their
State overrun by a standing army of Hessians, tfcey have
rushed to the field with such weapons as they ould Ity
hind on, and thus far they have gloriously triumphed.
Not the leaat satisfaction, that this glorioua news im
parts, is the effect it is said to have produced upon the
covardly tyrants in Washington. It spread terror and
dismay among them, aud excited furious rage against their
own lieutenant, the oruel and dastardly Fremont.
“CrlodliE Bs'o4 Corn!”
We have seen and beard oi persons discouraging
youths under 18 from going to school. It strikes us that
t lis la the very worst pc icy, we oan adopt; and we arc
■tUd to hear of a rebuke administered to it a short time
sinoe by President Davis. A youth from Missiisippi had
j ined the army, contrary to the wishes of bis relations,
who sought the Interposition of the President to have
him discharged from the service. The President readily
0 implied, and remarked, that the using up of boys in the
army was I ke “grinding seed corn ! ” Wo have too
many yontbs in the army;—not that they are not brave—
not that'very many of them are not capable of good
service; but they are oot pbysicatly matured and are not
lit for the hardships of camp life. Besides we have
more than enough over 20 years of age to fight our bat
tles; and tboao under that axe, cannot better aerve their
country, than by storing their minds with useful infor
mation. As this war is progreeting, they will all be
n eded; and then with wall-fiUed heads and well-develop
ei physique, they will be better able to render effectual
aid to the Republic.
■alt.
By way of giving the reader a full and accurate view
of the facilities which exist among us for the manufac
ture of salt, wo publish the report of the Common Coun
cil of Charleston on Mr. Tdomawy’s scheme, and a pros
pectus for the organ's ttion of a joint etook company for
the execution of that scheme.
It will be seen that Mr. Thomasay estimates the profiito
a*. 74 per cent. Tbit is immense—it may be exaggerated.
At half, It will be sufficient to sstisfy any reasonable cu
pidity. It is a fact of vast Importance—if it be a fact,
at we do not doubt it is—If we can produce an abun
dance of salt within our own territory fer the consump
tion of our own people. This article Is indispensable to
existence. We may make a shift to get along with a lesa
q tan'.ity, bn' a bushel to the inhabitant was ths rate un
der the old Union. HUf might snffloi; bat no one likes
to bs ere umbered with s sense of the necotsity for stint
ing himsali in the use of such an ori ole. We should,
1 here fore, endeavor to prodaoo ton millions of bushels.
There la no doubt It out be done, with profit to tho ■*»*
facturera, and of inestimable vain# to tbe well-being and
the independence of tbe Confederate States.
Dregs er the Old Caak.
We publish this morning an *xtraor<Lnary document—
very extraordinary indeed for the oolumne of the Whig.
It is an electioneericg address by tbe Hon. Fayette He
ll uliln to tbe people of tbe Washington District, begging
an eiro’ton at their hands to tho Confederate Congrraa.
It ie n co idenaition of all the slang and demagoguiam,
which was so rife under the old Yankee Government—
which, wrought the downfall of that Government, and
which, if permitted to Uke root here, will bring this
Government speedily to the came dwgrsssful end. We
put it on record as a rich specimen of ita kind. If in
deed our people be no better than the wretched Yankees
from whom we have separated—if they are stupid enough
to bo deluded by [such stuff—if they are wholly unfit
for free Government—the publication of tbe Address
will do no harm, and may snbasrve the personal views
of the author. If, on tbe contrary, tbe people of Vir
ginia be, as we fondly hope tbey are, worthy of tbe
noble dratiny unfolded by oar new Government, they
will spurn this appeal to tbe worst passions of the worst
portion of them with scorn and indignation, from one
end of tbe Commonwealth to tbe other.
We have no intention to intermeddle in this, or In any
other Congressional election. About individuals we are
entirely Indifferent. But to slang-whanging aud using
the Govarnmeut as a jobbing machine, as under the old
Yankee regime, as contemplated in this Address, we are
bitterly opposed. We had as well never have quit tbe
Yankee Government, if we are to retain all their dis
gusting abomination*.
There is one topic, however, cf a general chsracterto
which we may refer. We do not allude to Col- Hctlul
lin’j tendering hia services to Gov Letch-r, instead of en
listing, nor to bis promising offices to his constituents
and “little boyt”at the Government expece-, nor to his
reduction of the per dim of members of Congress, nor
to bis war upon the office-holders generally, nor yet, to
tbe fool, that when last heard from, ha was s candidate
for Lincuin't Oongrttt and had his under-pinning knock
ed from under him by the ercu&ion of the State. Wc
have co reference to any ot these thing*: but simply to
hia objections to the war tax. Thera is no doubi^bat
tax was distsa’eful, not only to every body outside, bu:
to all inside of Congress. Wo saw no member who did
not avow bis aversion to it—and yet it received the tup
pyrt cf the tcholt body. It was tho-general conviction
that tbe public neceasitha demauded it, and It was ac
cordingly acquiesced in without opposition. Besides, It
was understood to be recommended by Pmident bart«
ami hit tthule Cabinet; and the fate of the Confederacy
watt supposed to hang upon it.
Ws felt a groat repugoaucc to it ourstlvcc.and though',
if pawed at all, it had better be postponed to the No
vttuber s<s'ion;,but we deferred to tbe superior wisdom
. ... . __I „„,l h-IH nm
tongue.
We make thie statement in juslioe to members of Con
gress, ill of whom may be assailed by demagogues, for
a patriotic surrender of their pr.J jdicies to a sense of
duty to the oountry. None of them wanted the War
T»a, or the batch of officers necessary to its collection;
but situated as they were, what could they do ’ Refuse
to support the Administration in a line of policy which
that Administration considered essential to the safety of
the country!
foamlulsarn to Bnropc,
Messrs. Msbou cud Blifell, commissioners to England
and Franco, left the city a few dtys since, for their posts.
They were accompanied re*p:c.irely by Mr. Macfarland,
of Petersburg, and Mr. Eustls, of New Orleans, at secre
taries. We are not advised of the port, at which they
intend to embark.
Attention, Alabamian* I
We are informed, and requested to state, that Msjor
Vnndever hts opened a depot on Main street, nearly op
posite the Spotswood Hotel, for the purpose of supplying
the Alabama troops with clothing, at eoet.
GEN. JEFF. THOMPSON, OF MISSOURI.
This General is displaying such remarkr.bh devotion,
in the face of the diffleoltiee that surround him, as to have
won the namo of the Marion of this Revolution. His
followers, we learn, aro very destitute of the comforts of
a soldier, and Gen. Thompson steadily rtfuscs to enjoy
eny comforts which he is not able to share with his brave
men.
Oa one occasion, a lady in the vicinity of the camp,
sent to bis quarters a pot of hot coffee. The servaut
bearirgit was compelled to wait for some time before
G»n. lhom: son made his appearance. When he arrived
and the eoff ■* was tendered him, although he had not
quaffed anv of that inspiring beverage for several days,
he deliberately, though not uccourteously poured the
contents of the vessel on the ground, saying that be was
grateful to the ladr for her consideration, yet ho could
not consent to eijoy a luxury that he could not share
with bis comrade*. Oa another ooocasion he declined to
sleep on a feather bed for the same reason. In the case,
where his soldiers were suffering great privation, such
an example as this is calculated to inspire them with
fresh courtgs. Tut officer should thus set an example
of fortitude and self-deni d to bis men, snd they will
much mo-e cheerfully undergo the hardships of the damp
and the bivouac.
Q,n. Thompson uniformly bestows great attention
and care for the comfort of his men. He never neglt cts
tt em. He sees that every possible provirion, in his pow
er ia made for their comfort. He attends, in person, to
the detail) connected with their camping, subsistence
aLd marches. He goes oat with his scouting parties, and
posts his pickets bin * If.
It seems to us that such an officer is invincible. In
conversation with a gentleman, from the Western put
of the State, we asked if thero was not dtrger that so
small a force as Thompson's, separated freui the maio
army by the Mississippi, would bo cut off or def-ated.—
No sir, said be emphaticalr, there is no such thing as
whipping those men. They arc not made of the material
to be defeated.—NathvilU Union.
Sword PaisiNraTioii—Characteristic Letter trow
Jirr Thompson.—A short timo sines, several cf our
citix-ns (says the Memphis Avalanrht) united in present
ing to Qen. Jiff. Thompson a sword and a pair of pis
tols. The sword was the finest that could be obtained in
the oity, and was puichased of F. H. Clark k Co , who
caused it to be appropriately engraved, while the
pistols were of tuperior make. The presentation was
made through our friend Charley Stephenson, and the do
nors yesterday received the following oharacterUtio re.
ply irom the redoubtable General :
HlADWtTARTZRS 1ST M ID. DlHT S. M. G., )
Oamp B llrmont, Brpt. 20Ji, 1881. J
A few Memphit Patriot!:
Gzntlzmzn : Your kind and appropriate present of a
sword and pair oi revolvers, hy the hands of my old
ehoolmite, Cnarley Stephenson, is received, and 1 sin
cervly thank you for the gift and lie comp'iraent. I
have heretofore had to fight tha enemy with mr p-n and
tongue, but with borrowed sword and piitol. I can now
let in ou them in the good old fashioned way, and hope
that in the next ten days I otn prove the metal of the
sword and range of the pistols on the Northern Vandals,
or more despicable Union men of this State. Wherever
I shall draw the sword or aim the pistol*, I will think cf
the unknown doners and strike for the “few Memphis
Patriots."
Yours, etc., M. J*»r. Thcmpsor.
Gsn Jzrr. Thompson in Memphis.—Gen Jeff. Thomp
son, universally conceded to be the Marion of the pre
sent war, arrived in the city yesterday, in oompatiy with
his faithful ally and orderly, Indian John. There was
cons:derable curiosity manifested by our citisens-«o see
this noted Missouri chieftain, but hi* unassuming manner
and plainness of dress, puzzled everybody, and threw
nearly all off the scent. In appea-ance Gen. Thompson
is ss peculiar as his daring act* of bravery. He standi
fully six feet in height, and is very rlendor. To look at
him ons would suppose him to be much tsllsr,
but bis slender frame adds to his stature , in a re
markable degree. His features are prominently marked,
with high eheek bone.’, and the lines of hi* face are ex
pressive of determination, while his e irri'gc is easy slJ
graceful. The most expressive characteristic of his face
is his eyes. They are dark hasle, and wonld ntrato
pierce through and through the beholder. His dress is
of gray with a brown fur hat, which locki to have “seen
service,” in which is a white plume, fas'eoed by a single
s ar—tbs only insignia of rank which be bears, if we ex
cept a red silken sash.
Indian John la scarcely ku remarkable in hi* appear
ance. Dressed in the oostume oi a chief, leathern
breeches, beads and feathers, with a pipe in the shape
of a tomahawk, be is the 6mm tdsef in appearance of
Obingacbgook, tha minor hero of the Leoibentocking
U)aa of Ooopsr. Many stories have been told of him in
niniirtfrr with his gallant ebiaftalo, bat (bay vUl hire
to be left unrecorded tor the present Their eppeerecoe
is m remaikable as Iheir deeds. In any aasembUge,
Gen. Thompson woald i iiite attention, while John, hie
“escort," would be the “observed of all observers."
Gen. Thompson and Indian John at tend* d the Theatre
leal night, where they seemed to enjoy themselves fa*
mously.—Mtmpkii Atalanek, of 2S Ji.
MB. B. THOMAS3Y’ri PLAN FOB SALT MANCFACJ
TUBE.
In tba last Council of the city of Charleston, tbs
Special Committee, to whom was referred the communi
cation of Mr. Thomssiy, asking aid for the establishment
of a minnfactory of 8alt on ttorria' Island, ewda the
following report, which was concurred in:
“ That, impressed with the paramoant importanoe, not
“ only to the city, but the whole country, of the iuaugn
“ ration and success of tbs enterprise presented In the
“ paper committed to them, they hive been anxious to
“ facilitate, aa far as porsiblr, the object in view. To
“ their greet disappointment, however, tbay have not
“ been able to find that the city owns any land on Mor
n rig’ Island, sad are, therefore, unable to render that
« iid, by furnishing a location so well adapted to the
“ construction of salt works, which Is chiefly desired.—
“ It is believed that tba title to the ground occupied as
“ a L'tvetto on the island la in the State, and that the
“ balance of the land, including the mareb, Is approprl
•» itsd by individual proprietors. Were it otherwise, and
“ the property, sa supposed, under the control of the
« city, ibis Council would, no doubt, cheerfully end with
“ out hssitstion grant it on the terms and for the pur
•i pose indicated. As much as this obstacle in the way
« 0f our action may be regretted, It is to be hoped that
“ it will present no serious difficulty in carrying oat a
“ scheme whioh involves so much of public Interest, as
“ there is no reason to doubt that the owners of the
“ land on Morris’ L-ltnd will be found ready to make tho
“ most liberal arrangements to further the object pro
ll posed. As to the security required by the Confederate
•i Govrrnment, as state! in ths communication, and
•• which, it is suggested, tho city might furnish, your
“ Commutes only deem it ucce.-iury, In anticipation of
“ the organisation of the Company, with which alone the
“ proposed contract can be made, to say that they are
“ bitit fied it will be found taut such aid will not be need
“ ed. Capitalists united for the pnrpoie of establishing
“ salt works will have no difficulty in supplying such
» guarantees for fulfilling any contract they ra»y choose
•i 10 make with the Government as may bs required ; if,
“ howrver, It aboutJ be otherwise, when the oontingen
|| CT irises, the City Council, upnn application, would
“ co doubt be rtsdy to tender all tho aid in its power.
«lu conclusion, your Committee have only to add that
“ the home prod’uctiou ol an abundant supply of salt, at
“ a cheap rate, being of intatimable benefit to the ecun
•i try, ought to be liberally ocoturged both by the State
“ and municipal authorities, nnd that we should not fall
“ to avail ourselves of tha (cience and large experience
ii of Prolessor Tbomassy for the attainment of a) dttira
“ bie an objeot. Eos pec tf ally submitted.
“ L. Bowu,
“ Wiuliam Kirkwood,
‘■Jons Bxriticx”
Proepectua of a Joint Stock Company for Sea Salt Man
ufacture, on an improved end patented plan, under
the superintendence of Mr. Btjmoud Thomasty.
Wkrrian the producing price of the sta salt, made by
.A__ _ I AWA.,n.alinn art lltO B/TIlfK r f Frifll'A Mnit • n
or Itely, is oo more than two or three oenU a bug e!,
and the public notoriety of that cheapness ia fully certi
fied by the Amrrioan const 1 at Cadi*, declaring the nvs
rajt uhoUiaie price of Cadiz tall to be three and a half
cente per buehel.-(See Coneular Return* of 1855, ’6tf.
pave 107, voL III.)
\fherea* the manufacture of the American aalt by the
same atmospheric evaporation, either in tbe Southern
or Northern States, ha« been alwaya ao misunderstood
that at Svracuae, Saw York, Prof. Cook, appointed by
the aalt p-odre-rs of tint city, tell* them : About three
fourth* of the evaporating p ur it loet in the actual
procete of mating ealt.—(Official Raport of 1864, page
14 )
And whereat, by controlling all that evaporating
power, we can make aalt as cheap and good in America
as it is made in tbe South of Spain or Krit.ce, inasmuch
that Mr. R. Thomasay, having improved that method ot
manufacture, is to have a patent right for it in the Con
federate Situs, and baa already takeu a civet:
A jiint Stock Company is herewith organiieJ on the
following basis for eatabUhing salt woiks which will
produce the first year, at least, 100,000 bushels, sod
each subsequent year from 300,OoO to 600,000 bushels.
1st. These works will require an outlay of about
#76,00<> toy the construction of the embankments, ssl'jrg
rooms, houses, steam engine, purchase of 8o negroes,
(women and children included,) tools, provisions, and
aitary of tbe superintendent and subordinates.
2. The war price of aalt, which Increases so rapidly, :•
n-.w #1 60 a bushel, and will list, I suppose, one year.
Tne peace price at Charleston, Savannah, Mobile, and
other main harbors, is shout 2n cent* a buabpl.
3 Wheu tbe above salt works commence operation, tie
salt will test (ho company 10 cents delivered in the mar
ket, during the first year, and about A cent* the follow
ing yearn.
Hence the financial situation pf thj company:
■baits.
.Minimum eost of the works, #75,000, representing 760
To Mr. Thomas«v, for hia
skill and a patent right pe
culiar to the State where
tbe said salt works shall
be established - - 26,000, or apO
190,000 1,000
Profit the 1st year, 100,000 bushels to b; paid, 1160,OoO
Da 2d and 3d years, AoO.OOO bushels at
the peace price .... 120,000
27o,000
Deduction of salaries and expensee for 3 year* • 60,000
(Isnsral and net inoome for three years • 220,000
Deduction of 26 pir c:nt. for Mr. Tbomessy • 64,000
or for oue year #3J,t»00—thui giving an luterest af 74
per cent of the capital of foundation.
N. B—Thi* interest of 74 per cent, it bnt a minimum.
Indeed, tbe (tcckhnldcra moat consider—
1st. The article to be manufactured by atmospheric
evaporation ia a sea salt, like tbe Turks Island salt, the
use cf which is made obligatory by law for curing the t rmy
and navy provisions; so that the boiled salt made at
home, or frem abroa 1. wiil never compete against it, in
the meat erring establishments.
8. The uucican salt of the same manufacture, which
is given up in Fracce Into the salt works, ia perfectly
good for cattle and manuring purpose*, and mty be eold
with great profit, even at 10 cent* a bushel, especially
when tbe shipment of guano has ceased.
B. The baurt unltrt, rofiduuui of tbe asms manufac
ture, are extensively used irt Franc* for chenioal pro
dunt*,and their avail will constitute in tbe Confederation
another great industry.
4th. If the the war price of salt, instead of lasting one
lute two years, tbe 800,000 bushels of that second year
only, will give a net income of at least $400,01)0. Tbe
Company is to be organized when the amount of subacrip
tiuns will reach fifty thousand dollars.
Certificates of shares paysble, one fourth when the
Company is organized, and the balance in Fuch instal
ments as the board of director* shall name after the
manufacture of aalt shall have been commenced
Name* of Subscribers. | Residence. | Number of Share*.
A LYING REPORT.
The Surgeons who were recently reieised in Rich
mond end allowed to proceed North via Old Point, have
cither been misrepresented, or have oaugbl tbe mania of
lying which is now so prevalent at the North. They rep
resent that tbe wounded Federal prisoners who are un
der the care of the “ rebel ” surgeons are most infamous
ly maltreated. Tbe are actually butchered! Ampna
lions and oapital operation* are performed where there
is not the slightest need for them; and nearly ail of there
operations mult fatally to the vietimaof the oarcleeenees
aud cruelty of the rebel surgeons, and the want of the
aooommodatioo* required for wounded and aiok men.
The prisoners complain of the marked discourtesy fftani*
f. st *d towards them by tbe people of Richmond, and
parucularly the Virginian*.—Ifarfolk Day Book.
Tbe London Tiltgraph of the 18 th ulu, referring to
some fabrication! ol the pres* of tbe United States,
add*: The public throughout tbe States, itl'l governed
from Washington, most have begun to learn that the
uiisrcprescDUiiou* which so palofoliy deceive tbe Amer
ican citizen* ere wholly without rff-ct in London.
We are badly in seed of wool from all accounts to
make clothing this winter for onr soldiers. It can bs
bought In abundance and at low price*, we notice from
the Texas p*p.'rs, in that 8tvU. Why doe* not the gov
ernment mek* arrangement* to get a supply 7
Miwssirri.—Tbe elfc'ions for Goveuor and Other
S ate officers, and maoibe's of the Legislature, la this
Bta'e, will uke place on tbe tbe firat Manday, the 7th
day of October_
tin,
it Iht residence of Dr. P. T. Johnson, In Oranf* count/, ev
Tharsdsy sventoi, the **th Inst, of Scarf s Fever 04BTM
too of The# T. and seat/ I Johnson, apd T years, I month* aad
1 the friends tad aeqnalntaaec* of Iht family are rcqateUd to
attead Iht fhaeral osrsmnalse, whisk wt’l Uke place at the pave,
Is Hollywood etmeUry, at 4 .'.look this (Mendey) aftsneaa.
GLORIOUS NEWS FROM MISSOURI.
wwwmtamii
THREE DAYS FIGHTING AT LEXINGTON, ENDING
IN THE COMPLETE TRIUMPH OF THE CONFEDE
RATES,
1,600 OF THE ENEMY TAKEN PRISONER*, WITH
ALL THEIR ARMS, AMMUNITION, EQUIPAGE
AND BT0RE8—CAPTURE OF 1000 HOMES.—
LEXINGTON TAKEN AND THE ENEMY -WIPED
OUT,”—THEIR OWN ACCOUNT.
The Norfolk Day Bock, [Extra,] of Filday, contains
the following thrioe glorious InteUigenee, which pula to
real all donbt aa to the victory of the Confederate foroes
at L'xugton, Missouri. Tb* Day Book extract* from
a copy of the New York Herald, of tli« 24th, pieced In
the hand* of the edltori by a gentleman who reached
Norfolk os Tbaraday afternoon la the “flag of truce
boat” from Old Point.
vnx moATiox.
[from tbs Hew fork Herald of lb* litb ]
Official Information of the capture of Lexington, Mo.,
and the surrender of the gallant Col. Mulligan to the reb
il force* of Geoeiel Price, reached the Wer Department
yceterdey; end as no oontrediolioa of the report come*
from any other quarter, we ere unwillingly oompelled to
receive it a* authentic. Geo. Pnntlss has dispatched to
St. Louisa statement of the surrender, which reduced
the lose on both side* considerably below the first re
ports. CoL Mulligan held out brav.ly for four days
against immense odds; and it is said only surrendered
lot went of water, withont which bis meu had to mala
tain themselves for two days; but there meats to be
Kmetbiog in this eia'emcnt not quite coneistent with
the position he occupied in close proximity to the Mis
souri river.
According to our advices, hie fort.ficetioos were erect
ed between the old eud Dew towns, and extended down
to the river bluffi, at which point, as far a* our intelli
gence extends, the defenoert wtre not assailed. Hew,
then, bit water supply oca'.d have been cutoff, wears
at a l.ss to determine.
The litest accounts from Liifogton, previous to the
announcement of the surrender, rt port the movements
of rein for cements to sustain Col. Mulligan, both by land
and wattr. The steamer* White Clcud and Dae Moines
went up the river on Saturday with three regiments to
assikt the garrison at Lexington, and a for*) of 1,600
men, iofantry, cavalry and artillery, had left St. Joseph
and Cbi'lico'.be, on the l|th instant, for the asm* point:
hut it appear! non* of tipir reinforcement* arrived in
time to save the garrison, which undoubtedly was com
pelled to yield to tbe immensely superior force of (he
rebels.
It is said that the Oablriet expressed considerable sur
prise and some indignation, that Gen. Frctnent did not
reinforce Gen Mn'l’gan, «s be ha* plscty of men at bis
command. Gen. Fremont is reported cow as abont to
uko the field in person against Gen. Piice.
Witaisovos, Sept. 28.—Dispatches reeilved at the
War Department to-night cinfirm the surrender ot Lex
ingtoo, Missouri, to ihe rsbel loroo?, although the atate
meat ia getter .1.
Another despatch art rti that Gen. Fremont haa takt n
the field in perion, and declires bia purpose to capture
the rebel chieftain, Price.
The President and Cabinet Midsterearcanrs’d at th's
intelligenoe, in face of the fee. that Gen. Fremont had
over fifty iboqtaud men under his command, and could
have easily reinforced Ool. Mdhg*n, at Lexington, and
saved this disaster.
JirnnsoM Civ'y, Sept 32 —A dev pitch received here
to-night, ttiya that the Union troo|« at L-xiogtoc, Ho.,
surrendered to the rebels on Fiiday afternoon, for want
of water.
The great's* activity prevails here in military circles.
J«rr**i>* C|rr, Sept. 3?.—A special despatch to the
St. LoiAg D -moorat says:
A dopiteh was received here this evening from Gen.
Fremont, which seem* to fully confirm the eorionder
of Lexington by Col Mulligan. The dispatch says that
Ool Mulligan had surrendered on Friday for want of
water. Before sorrmdering, Col. Mulligan sent 300 of
bis men aeroas the river to Brookvihe in rout* for Quin
cy, IK. No commissioned officers were released.
The news to-dav from Tutoumbia repor t Colonel Me
Cleery, of the Federal troop*, was attacked on Friday
by a party of rebels, under Parsons and Johnson, but he
repulsed them with s slight lest on our side.
Oar iorcei which were sent ap the river lest week
are dow at Boooeavill -, and will move forward to Lis
ington to morrow. Geo. Devil leave* here to-morrow
to take command and lead them oo. Other troops will
go forward immediately.
St Louis, Bapt. 231—All officer* of Geo. Fremont'*
staff bait been ordered to-day to report tbemaelviM at
headquarters forthwith.
Ger. Prentiss’dispatch announcing the surrender of
CoL Mulligan at L*ilngton, lays the Union loss was 17
kill d and 140 wounded. The rebel lo*s ia ruppoead to
be about 8u0 killed and wounded, [ignite e likely tale ]
A correot report from Jeff.reou Oily says, inch ad ot
200 men an route for Quincy, 2,000 of Mulligan's com
maod was sent over by the rebels, released on parole,
sod are en route for Quincy.
Claiborne Jacltsnn is at Lexington with the rebel force*.
The account qf the battle at Qlqe MUJ#, forwifded lost
night, k derived from cfBiial dispatcher written on the
*por, and, therefore, can be relied oo.
Ool. Smith's command waa to loavo Blue Mills for St.
Joroph* the dey alter the battle.
Gau. Prioe and bis army will move down the river, and,
unless c lecked or ddcatod, attack Boonev.Uo, and then
Jefferson City.
ooL. mclluiab uiuin) o* raiOLi.
Chicaoo, Sep 2 2*.—A special despatch Irma QirinjT
to the Josrnal aaya that Col. Mulligan has bsao release!
oo piroie, and will be here thia evening. He will remain
until Gen. Fremont's order* ere received.
General Prentiss has telegraphed from Brookfield 10
tbo Assistant Quartermaster to provide soatenanos lor
two thousand men, and to have it ready oo their arrival.
The commissioned officer* ate retained aa prisoners ol
war by the rebel*.
saaiVAL of coLoan, mollioaic’* soldius at qdihct,
lLuaoie
Qcisct, (II!.,) Sept. 2k—A part cf Colonel MnUigan’e
command artived bare this evening Tbe balance,
amounting to nearly 2,000, are expected to-morrow.
Those who have arrived say that tbe foto* at Lexington
U only about 2.000, including several companies of Home
Guard*, who aro accused of baring abowa oow*td<cc.
The *urrrnder of Lexington was made at fivo o’clock
on Friday afternoon. The fltg wu hauled down by the
Home Guard*.
Col. Mulligan is spokan of in tb* highest term*. He
displayed great bravery during tbe action : and when
aiked to surrender, be refused. Hi* sword wa* taken
awxy by fore*.
Col. Mulligan and all the eommistlotted offioer* are
held a* prisoners by the rebel*.
XXTBACT now 0*1 OV BIXSKVt'S KDITOB! ALS.
Specking oo tbe tubjaot of Linooln'e proclsmatioo
shout Fremont, th* Herald says :
G -nrral Fremont ought to have aided tbe President in
Missouri Instead of that b* became a source of weak
□esagp him. When he entered upon bla duties in that
State the rebrla had boen swept out as chaff before the
wind. But now more than half the Stale ha* been recon
quered br 'he Confederate arms. Disaster after disaster
ha* befallen onr arm* there. The death of Lvoo, and
tbe retreat from Springfield, caused from want of tboae
reinforcement* which Gun. Fremont ought to &*»• mot,
are now followed np by th* aull more di-uutroua capture
of Lexington from the same can**, ihcmtmbo tbs loo*
or 3,500 of rax but vaoora. who wxeh bacbivicxd bt
BX8LI0T, THB QAlX OV ALL THXIE SMALL ABM*, ABTtLLBBT,
AMMcaiTios aso tqctfaoi, touithi* with 30.KJ Hoaeaa
to thb catree or thb bxbxls, to bat koruiee of ru mo
hal titter or anon a miovobtobh.
It i* very evident that there must bare been terrible
mismanagement at St Louie; otherwise, the bravo Mil
ligan and bis devoted little band would not bar* been
thus left to their (ate.
TO THB PEOPLE OF THB 13 TH OO.VGRIBSIONAL
DISTRICT OF VIRGINIA.
Fxllow Cmxus:
It la well known to yon that I was a candidate to rep
reaent this Diitriot in th s Old Celled State* Congress—
Pending that can vase Virginia dissolved her ooaoexioc
with the Federal Government and resumed h*r acvereigo
t?. She also attached herself to tbo Confederate State*.
Id this setion of Virginia I coedjal'v aequieeoed, and I
have never entertained a doubt of the oorrectneu of hor
poaition. If Virginia bad acted with tb* urns prompt
ness in tbe matter as Georgia, Alabama and bee other
Southern Safer Stales, I have no doubt war would her*
been averted altogether. She oboae, though, not to do
thia, and war i* now upon us. This war baa boa* forced
upon u* by tbe v:le Abolition party of th* North aid th*
only thing to bo done now is lor us to fight it oat, ftwet
log that lbs God of battlaa will be with us hereafter, aa
He baa been ao far la thia great and momentous struggle.
In thia coo tost w« should all eonaider ounaives aa vert*,
loer* forth* war in ana* aasaoity. Teas* if os who cannot
Mon tM teettd fitM should fir* onr ovrvioo* I* provide
lor tM vaatt aid ttm/th ft Um wM era. After
myself I, early In tbe war, tendered the e*r*ioes of ay
«Jund others aUorrr 45, to Qoe.Letehrr. Hecheee
to aniro ns a posltloo In the ‘'Home Quart, rad ItlM
oapacity I shill serve wbr never the occasion calls for It,
ualo/s UoL Hoot* or Gee. Zollicoffer, to whoa I bar* also
tendered ay uervlces, should assign me another potltloo.
Notwithstanding I hae* been compelled by rnreum
itaooet to remain at bom*, I latter mytelf that I hae#
coutritoud not a little to the lopport of tbe Wkr I
bare eontnbuied of my mean* and time for tbe war—I
bee* made speech*t almost oeer tbe entire District,
V|tUg my fallow-dtls-na to volunteer and to gire of
their snbeeane* for tbe support of tbe volunteer*, I
would urge upon other* to do likewise, for ante** we
suoeeed in this wsr car property will be confiscated and
w* our*el»e* enslaved.
JU tbe solicitation of many friends in tbe different
counties of this District, I now declare myself a candi
date to represent the District in tbe Confederate
Congress. I first authorised my ntm* to be need
lu this connection at tbe August Triewdl Court—
When I did eo, I bad hoped (hit I would he permitted
to run tbe race without opposition. Iu this I bars been
disappointed, for another candidate U iu tbe field. I am
so well known to tbe people of this District that it would
aeem to be a work of supererogation for me to t rise pass
ou their time either by nuking speeches or by publish
ing circular*. Under oruinary circumstance!, perhaps, I
would not do no, but I feel that I am warranted in ao
doing tn this important crisis Besides, as there are so
muy of their beat and bravest men now on tbe battle
tt -Id, and a* I can only reach them by a circular letter,
I bare thought proper to take this method of represent
ing my view* to them upon tbe Irene* of the day. This
mast be my apology. ShoulJ 1 be honored with a sear
in tbe Confederate Congress, I shall endeavor, to tbe best
of my ability, to reduce to tbe lowest possible amount
tbe expenses of tbe Goven ment To begin with ibis, I
should first advocate a reduction of tbe pey of memteis
of Congress to fear dollars, or at most to six dollars per
day. This will only be in conformity with my whole
past course upon this robjiCt. 1 shall also advocate the
reduction of the salaries ef all tbe officers of the Gov.
erument, from tbe President down, both in tbe civil and
military departments. I bold that it is unfair for the
people in there limes to be burdened with taxation to
feed these cfficiala with large salaries. Tbe pay of mem
bers of Congress, I beg you to remember, was at the
commer.cement of the old U 8. Governnsatooly >ii dol
lar, p«r day. It was then inert ased to ttgkl dollar, per
dav, and afterwards to thru tkoutud dollar, per yrar.
against ibis last inerta-e, I, iu common with all the Vir
ginia delegation, ixccpt Mil'son, voud. I vou d also
ag&iret iucresaii.g the pay of the Cab.net cfiicets from
six to eight thousand dollvrs per year, ard throughout
my whole public career, which has not been a short one,
I have voted InvaiUbly against increasing the pay of
tbe Government cffljial* ; and in this have done wbat
Uy in my power to reli.ve the people from fixation. I
hope you will pardon me iu refetii -g to my cou.ee lu the
Virginia Leg stature upon this subject. In 1844 I voted
to limit the session to seventy flvo days, tr It that num
ber were exueecpd the pay tor the overplus to be only
two dollart p r d>< j That year w« adjourned in erver.iy,
tour days. At the same time I voted to reduce tbe ec*
miseion to sbriiffs on forthcoming bonds 2j per cent.—
thus saving the poor debtor that amount—and I did
inu.-h the sumo winter to repeal tbe old law giving tbe
Uwvers a fee of i'H for motion* on forthcoming bonds.
This may be in soma meas ure the at Orel of the op
.^Irlsw I/. MW frrttn srirr.o ftf lit* inf fiitu>r« fsf lha Har
Such, fn brief, baa been my prat oor.duct upon the ob
ject of expenae*. Tb a, i Oopr, will give an earnest of
shat my future course will be upon the tamo subject.
I am also oi opinion that there ia too great a differ,
ence la tbe par of the offio-ra and privates in the ayyiy.
The efflr re arc piid very high salaries, whilst ibe poor (
private* get only $11 per month. Ihi* is too much cf
a Jiff >rencr. Tbe private* ought to have more pay, and
tbe officers has- for tbe po .r priratea have to undeigo
the hirdsbip* and fatigue, and have to do tbe fighting,
wnila'. tbe uffiseis get all the pay and all (he honor.—
This ie not, I beg you to remember, a fuljeot batched
op qu the present occasion for my benefit. It is the
honest conviction of my mind, and has been for soma
ti no. I voted while 1 was a member cf tbe old Coin 4
States Congress to iucresss tbs pay of tbs priratea from
$4 to $11 per month- ( also voted to giye them bounty
lands, and, ia aome oases, ptpdone. I bavq b»yn th«
soldier’s fiiend, and it the brave soldier* will only sued
by me ss a* I have stood by them in time* past, and aa
I Intend to stand by them now aod in t ie future, I ahall
have no fears of tbs result in tbe pretest contest.
Although thsso arc no party times, 1 feel that lows if
to myaeir to define my position upon tb* policy of liif
Government. 1 am now, aa 1 have always bqed, an old
fashioned Jeffersonian, States' slights, Jackson Democrat.
I he’d that'the people of the States owe no allegiance to
the federal or Confederate Guvernmeat. Their first and
only allegiance, so far as Government ia concerned, ia to
their Slats They owe an obligation to tbe Confederate
Government, but uo alUgianti. The only alUgiantt e
man owes, ia to bil God, bia family and bia S ate. H»
owe* his first allegiance to bia God, the second *o usl
fair1.:/, the third to hta State, and coue to the Conlrde
ratc Gjvrrniiunt. Ia this connection I beg to advise
those of yon Who cai.no! feel that you ewe your first al
legisneo to Virginia, to tike op your all aud have for
some clime where the institutions are different. If you
do not, and are not wi'b u in this death struggle for
liberty, we will bave to treat sou aa we did the torirs in
the (^volution, from the foregoing exposition of my
views upon tbe policy of the Government, It needs i.o
critic to diseoirr that I was aod am opposed to tho*e
measures which were advocated by the Whig, K' ow>
Nothing and Opposition parties, a id whu-h tetded to
much, in my opinoo, to ruin and demoraliae our ccun
try.
I shall, in the ensulrg PresHcntfal elrct’on, certainly
waIo f,.r JvffuroAn Divio fnr Pn a 1 knfiw him fir?
well, ard I frgard him as a mao for ibe timet. He is a
pi'rio', a hrro, a rUlsuiar, and a cbrisiUn gentleman.
Wbilat I ehoild prefer a man from Virginia for Vic*
President, I hare noquarrri with Mr. Step'ana, and I
thall ebe»rfully rapport 1 Im if there be no candidate
from Virginia oo tbe Presidential ticket
Having thus briefly p-tiaoted my vlewq, I detire to cill
roar silent pn to tlie poeiiioo of uy competitor, Walter
Preston, Esq On the Sth day o> April last, it will be
remembered some two or tkru Uttytrt, end others, lor
aught I know, telegraphed to Abingdon, and bad Mr.
Preeton announced as candidate for tbe old United Suit* •
Congress, in opposition to Mr. Martin and myaeif, wbo
were then caovatsicg tbe Diatriet for that position. Mr.
Preston did not meet Mr. Martin or myaeif al any of oar
appointment* during tbit canvass. He is now t candi
date for the Confederate Congress, in opposition to my
sslf. Mr. Preeton has been s esndidst ■ severs! times fop
public < (Bo*, bat hag slways been found oo the wror g
side. W* bs« been lb* Whig Klr-ctor some tvo or tb re
time* in this District. He was the Know-Nothing candi
date for the Legislature in the county of Washington *
lu the mrmorable contest of IASS, in which was in
volved oar decree; constitutional right* and privilege e.
He was the candidate of the Opposition party in tbe ute
Gubernatorial contest for Attorney General and took re
p-etal neesaian In that oonteit to denounce the Demo
ora tie party In unmeasured tsrmi whenever he addretsrd
tbe people. In *U these contests tbe good people decided
against Mr. Prestos and I hope end brlteve they will in
thi* contest between him and myself. Mr. Preston has
never been ekettd by tbe people to any cffic*. He ha*
been the representative of this District for a rbort tiro*
la the Cooled'’rate Congrets; but bow aid by whom was
be elreted ? Not by the people of the Dis^iot truly, but
by tbe Virginia Convention, t majority of which was
composed of metjbera oi tbe old Ku°*'No(bing party,
w|)0, true to their fostino's, took upon tbemteivca to dis
franchise tbe pot p'e and elect Oongmamen for tbsin,
thus tranaoendis.; tbo limits which the people who sent
them there had net them To su’wvrve party purposes
and ptrty ends they over looked aom* of the lies’, men in
tbe State, among whom I shall mention Ex-Gov. Smith,
Paulo* Powell and U. A. Ednrui.deon, and put in their
stead men wbo never bad, aid never could be alacted by
the people of tbeir Diatriet to Oongrrss. In ibis attack
upon the Vs. Convention, I do not desire to be under
stood as inoiuding all tbe members of that body for
there are among them many whom I am proud to
call my friends and whom I regard as good men
and true. I am also willirg to give that Conven
tion credit for passing, alter spending much time
and money, the ordinance of S’oeielon and tb#
ordinance equalising taxation tkr.ujbout tbo Com
moQwrallb of Virginia, At tb* eime time, I must be
allowed to condemn, in anmeascred terms, tbe action of
that body in assuming to tbem*elves tbe right to re dis
trict the State and to elect the meubere of Congress
from tboee Districts. There is another singular feet con
nected with tbs eleotion of thee# members of Congress
by tbi* Convention. In tbeir selection, they can fled 10
Mrre’rant, no PnyJdan, no Mechanic, no Prearher and
no Farmer At to represent the good peoplr of Virginia
in Congress. Strange to tail, they can And no ooe in all *
the professions of xuffi jient capacity to represent ns in
the Congress noept in tho legal profession. Nobody in
all Virginia could be found qoahfi *d to discharge thi*
high md Important trust but lawyer*. I do not desire
to make so lodisorimiaste attack upon ths member* of
tbal honorable and intelligent profession, for many of
them, especially the Democratic portion. In this Diatriet,
ere my warm personal friends, but this is ths flrst time in
mv knowledge when Virginia has baeo represented en
tirely by lawyers. Heretofore, as should be the osse, tb*
members have teen (elect*d from all the different pro
fessions and occupations. This celebrated Convention
has b fore it a proportion, submitted by A. H. H.
8uart, which provide* tbet a peer man shall not have
Ibe privilege of voting unless bs shall bar* first paid bis
tax, eounty levy and peer rate*. This is but a part of
Ik* old Federal Whig and Know Nothing doctrine which
it that tk* risk and weftbegt ekeuid (even the people,
if

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