Newspaper Page Text
1 dfl Tl'Tid I—8T 1TB ttlCaTK.
KSO HMONDwi i G llll»t¥|D«HMN«i NOVEMBER IS, 18«1, r<» « OUR K»PON DENT*. Ij-jAnei f>Hiwu»ul 4« to l« EWtf." * t ,Wa* .nittmouluM »ni« of tiu /wp*r wstf «o<S« jmNuA -j fvs* » u rult of hmg iMwwt, <"*.’** to t>e tvuora to «., •*.1 wit <• »> <aw A* /r-i. oi .lu.ny Mtir*(WM>< •v .Hit tow imiltrH So-.i. •Kirvrto-eMMto. UE* IT, ,invii .i»t.rt.it11>< rnl:- 'i r«*orerf.ommawicutioiu. Nu »’ap> r io morrow. Iu oonformi y with ibo recoiwooiidaliou of the Presi dent nil bouillon will bo suspended iu the office of tie Wu.u to u«*. wud, couaequently, uo paper will be issued tomorrow. A Noble Example. Got. Brown, of Ha t-Mf.pi, according to the Raleigh Ht indini, i« about fifty year* ol age. He has been Gov ernor ot that S ate, member of the House of Represent * ativee, and Senator. For many years Mississippi bs* * (Jonfei rt-d upon him her choicest honors. But when the wsr commenced he volunteered ss a private, and hat been serving on foot as a Captain. Recently, some twenty prominent Mississippi officers in Virgiuia ad ire-a ed him a letter, urging him to accept the pl.ioe ol Sena tor iu the permanent Congress, and giving an a reason that hs can bo of min service In the Seoate than on loot in the field. From his reply, wo make the following extract t •'When I took up arms In defence of the South, it was to illustrate, by example, the heartfelt sincerity with w' i. h I hal (or many years urged our people to strike for equhiv In the Uuion, or independence out of it. I cannot now, camp d as we are iu sight of the enemy, O'U.acnt to lay dowu those arm*, except it be to render my b e-ding country more efficient aervics somewhere els-. A-ms, as yru a'l ktjow, is not my profession, and If l bear them it U from nt-ci ssity an 1 not from choice That 1 have not nought a higher command than a Cap Uiney, ba« been because my early trainiug, habits ot tl oug.it, and pursuits in life have not been such as to q alify me for snob command. Vi mkil'ed as I am in the ri«k my own life in the pending cond o'- I shra’ k in * i: etlfely at the b. giuuing, a id evcr'siuce, from the r . ■ o tsibility of risking tbs lives of others.” Here wn bav« an experienced s ateen a", possessed of a high order of in: licet, and a. II a. quaiutc-d with me;, ail things, tu vij. |y declining any military ctfioe which wi till place tiie lives oi others at his di-posal, on tho ground that he hu not been trained to arms, and that he ought, therefore, to do no more than il-k hie oau life in the pending oatifloL How does this contrast with thos-‘ p >-e.'sscd of not one tenth the knowledge and qua!' ifiv'tUom of 0 roiT.or ilrnwa, who seek field efflocs, and obtain them too, in many instances not on the soore oi merit, but on aocotinf of party service.;. Tun letter of (iov.-ruor Brown is entitled to additional eou-il-natioo from the fact that it is dated "In Camp near Leesburg,” where hu was an active participant in that glurous coufl c( iu which the enemy were so glorioi:•• ly refills- d aud so terribly punished. Iu another lettei dated at the same place, and addressed to a friend iu Jickson, Mias, bs says: ** Opponents bef.ire the war In a peaceful strife for wceudaaoy in politics, the war has forced rrms into all their hands, thrown one fi >2 over their herd*, aud mark ed out for 'hem a common de-tiuy. Under such oiruuin s a„cis, it i« a duir -n olear as to tnakceluciiUtinu need *» is ths .dl pi-t ilifT.-noea should he laid asid', tint tu rh* ry hu! m fuei% and that the laort cordial brothel hood stioul 1 hi habitually cberisued aud practised. This caunnt be, if the old and dominant States rights pirty •hs-s not make a fair division oi honors situ their for mer opponents aid present allies.'’ Such l- the language of a noble-hearted kfivsL->sippiat>, who prefers his country to party. Hr scorns, as all true Boutheru men -corn, the n-lfLh luotto that they who tu tde the revolution ars alone entitled to the offices ami honors which arc bestowed in conducting It. Lit the public visit with iuulgnaut reprobation all who act on a diff real poliov. We have not been of the number of those who have distrusted ami abused man beeinso they were for the Union b Tors the coiumeuoenieni of the war. Respect and veneration for tba U'.lon while there was a probabil ity id its being oiaiitaiued consistently with the rights of the S mth wers commendable. Upon the commencement of war between the two aections, hundreds of Union met deoUrad them selves for the South, and showed IbiUi s-.dvea determined to resist the unholy sch -m -a of the enemv, even at ihe sacrifice of their lives. They had b >ea d ooeivod by the lylug professions of the enemy, and having learned his real iutentioas, they were ready to p -rform all the duties of good and loyal oltixei s to the Sou h. Individuals might well be deceived us to the iu tcutiou of Lincoln's adiuinistratioa when whole States were deceived. Virginia, after the election of Lincoln, gave a rn.ijority ol sixty thousand for ths Uuion. Teu ue-a 1 ■ a id North Carolina declined even to 0alt conver ti hm to consider their relations to the Union. Tot all three of these S'ties, when satisfied ol ths purpose of the Lincoln Government to make war iu any of the Southern State*, wheeled out of the Union in solid col umi.s, and now have iu the field nearly, if not al-ogether, aa many troops as all the other Slates united. With theaa taou before us, we never inquire at what precise moment be fern the oomm icemnut of tho war, a man cased to be for the Uuion. If he is with the South, and iu opposition to the common enemy, we oousider his pouuou sound, an 1 reoaive huo at * political friaud. Tbs Prlval rnata auJ skwlr Husing**. Among the earbeat measures ot rswistaiice and de. feni-e against the lsw!> as w »r OB the South by the Pres ident of toe Tn k-n, wu a Uw of the Confederal® Gougrors author'»g the fitting oot and employment of private armed y-aseii, and the preclamatioo ol the Pmsident it v.'iug competent psr-Je* to aapiy for lettem ot an qua and reprisal The prec eding woe in strict ao ordaree with the iaw of nations, ind was rncoguixed as a bell gerent tig it by the principal European pow er*. T ie sc ion of Congress and the President pledged t le faith of the government, to thoee who were invited • t> enter ita service In this way, that they should enjoy erery prlvtd ge and all the protection ei.Joy.d by any Other of tie ciii* tra. t-’hortly after the proclamation of President Dav'S a oiintei -blast was issued by Lincoln, In which be de oared that persons engaged in privateering would, if oap tsinJ, be treated as pi ate*—that is hung, without Uw «' ti 'oy. Not a great while after the promulgation of l ua e i ot, two or three privateers were captured ’ and their - IH era acd orewe taken to Now York and Philadtl phU. When intelligence of this was received by Pksi dent Dsvi*, he dUpatched an otOoer (Col Davis, of Ken lucky.) to Washington, tinder a dag of truoe, with a let* ter to Pn-idi-nt Lhtcoln, notifying him that whatever treatment was received by the captured privateersmen would be extended to an adequate Dumber of prison ml Ot w.r In our bands, and whatever penalty was inflicted on the former wotld be dealt out to the latter. Not wub.*tiuid!ng this notification, L'ocolu, true to his the at to hell and treat the piirateersmcn as common film*, mused th-ui to be loaded with chains and thrown into dung- one, from whose loathsome preelnt* a portion ot th in have been lately transferred to the decks of the criminal coasts, to be tried for their lives a* tbe vilest of mslefaelMs—If that can be called a trial In which the coun sel dtre not make such s d -fenon as th* Uw snthoris-s nd th* esse requires, and the jury dare not render th* verdict that conscience oalU for and the foot* demand— Ui which, court, jury and counsel all act under the b r ror of being substituted for the prisoners. As a matter of oourse conviction followed—though we have informa tion as yet of only one case being so disposed of. As a necessary corollary to these proceedings, the ac tion was taken iu this city last Sunday, of which too r< ader has been already appra id. Thirteen or fourteen of the prison*rs of war highest in oBoe, now in our hands, were allotted to stand as hostage* for the lives ol the privateersmen, and to bo sul-joot**d, iu the w< a itinis, to tho same treatment extended to tho oonviotod or ai raigned piiviteersm* n. Tho stern measure was just, in evitable aud will be sustained and approved by tho world. One aot uow otdy remains to complete the drama, the sanguinary final ic me that coses tho tragedy. It is in the power of L ucoln to stay the uplifted axe, wh'c'i, if it fall, wi>l sever tho cord of fate not only of the hapless piivateersmen, but will strike < IT heads that have oirried themselves proudly in his owu doaiiuiou aud service,aud that are dear to hearts in his own realm that now throb with impassioned atirety at the impending stroke We shall see if he is so c Kous aud besotted as to allow the bloody work to proceed. The Confederate Government is desirous of treating prisoners with all the leniency which the interests of tho country will allow; bat it is duo to cur brave priva teersmen that they should be protected by the stroug arm of the Government. If the penalty of the law denounc ed against piracy is intiioled on the prisoner*, it is due to justice, to the dignity of the Government, and to the memory of the murdered men, that the retaliation shall be swift and ample, and so it will rurely be. A Saintly VI. mnio:pboalw, One of the meet ferocious advocates o' the war on the people of the South is that pragmatic old poiilioal par sou, Dr K J. Breckinridge, of Kentucky. Whether he h is auy interest in a mule contract, we cannot say ; bit it is certaiu that some potent iofluei oi baa wrought a mighty ohange In bis opiuioLS in the last few years—for it has uot been very long since ho was moved to lay aside caaaAc and atole for a while, aud take up the sword of the political gladiator, for a set to with the Yankees, which he delivered in the form of a letter to Sumner, of M uwaohuseth), from which the following extract is oop ird : Now, sir, this means nothing more nor lees than the edge of the sword. Liy aside the rhetoric, and thesim pie sense is, grape and canister, cold steel and stricken battle. B'-lieve me, Mr. Sumner, when I etatetwo fa ds, ore of which I know better than you do, aud the othei The fuel that I know bnter than you is, that when •ho fainteet indication ot the settled purpose of the nten of the North to follow your advice becomes a) p .rent to the men of the fifteen slave States of this Union, i million of armed men will be resdv to receive you ana tour followers; and if von come not sp edily thereafter to ex cute your threat*, your coming will not be waited for, but they will seek you on the soil where you no* vainly suppose no danger will ever come. The fact which you ought to know better than I do is, that after two or three hundred thousand men are arrayed in bat tle on eaoh side, it makes no sort of difference as to the probable result whether the cue or the other party has the grra’ar reserve of physical force It f. out of the bat tle, because, after two or throe huudrei thousand fight ing men, iu the present state of tho art of war, every thing depends merely on brains The sum of these two faca is very clear : namely, if the North wishes to set to ths slavery qnes iuu by the edge of the swor.l, the North is in a perfectly fair way to be perfectly grat fi d ; and wheu she gels wiiat she wants, there is at least ao exceeding great probability that the North will see reu»"’J to change her mind very materially as to the w adorn ol that method of aottling that question. Mureovor, let it no: e-capo your attention, that many circumstances aggravate the conduct of the men of the North and exaspirale the hearts of the men of the South in this wlu.li) buaiusw, all of them ten.ling to strengthen lit and we»k"o you at every stage of the bloody sttugglo to which vou are driving thecoti itry. For iu the fir.*: plicr lea slavery be a'l that you assert it to be, tho time is lot g past when it was either hours:, wise or patriotic for you t i take that ground, even in an argument having merely ordinary political bearings, uiuoh I-as in one looking to Bloodshed or oo. quest. A'l that was sefle'd between us before the old Ooufedentiou was fo.me f ; it was again settled in the common danger and common glory ot our great Kevclution ; it was rot'.led again in the Federal Gonatitutioo. I say nothing about the unspeakable folly of arguing a* a statesman, that a slave State ami .a fiee Slate cannot tolerate each ether in ouo Confederacy, 'opposing the quell! ion to bo now for the first time cou s .1 . red. What 1 say is, that it is no long.r po-s ble for tl e rasa of the North to open that question without rev olution and without disloyalty to every national act and movement of our put history; aud what 1 ineau in, they c.-unot do this without so weakening aud di-gracing t' emselves, aud sa strengthening aud euobling ns, that 0 ppe'eiitv, fortune, and the hearts of the combatant* rnns't feel the effect of tho opposite our,duct of the par a To which add, In the second place, that this con duit of the men of the North, besides being a hare polit ical thought, is a d liberate breach of political faith ce mented by the blood ol our fathers, *u ignoble refrac tion of plighted honor, aud truth, and justice; a calcula ted i acrifice of those of their own race, and lineage, and house, aud blood, for those of a atrange kindred d clime without any new circumstance or additional r d-oa for so atrocious a pcifidy against nature and against plighted troth. Add again, in tho third place, the atrocity of hi art with which the North presses this f.loxly arbitrament, under the settled belief that she risks u .thing thereby, aud that wo risk everything; aud the fervor of that a ate of soul in which the Boutb, roused by so much iusull. iijustice aud danger, does risk all, with a suhlimo purpose, to the last man, to win all. And then in the fourth place, add that sort of eonviction with w> ich the two par ti is rang.) themselves in that deadly strife ; and, if you he us wise a- you are el. qaent, you may c jtnprehsnd what as vet you a sun to liavo wholly overlooked, the a t tl deonfiderce of the entire slave States that tbev are ful I. able to make the men of tho North repent that they eter broke the Constitution, and forgot auceatral ties, and outraged national obligations, iu order to rain ten millions of the most elevated race on the face of the earth u-ion the liaiard, if not thepretex’.of beuifitiug the thiid part of that iiuiubsr of the moat degrdaed raoe iu the world. You wtll have battle—a d that without truce or compromiae, and that whenever you oan reach us, and that until the field is entirely won I For my part, air, I would gladly shun that battle ; gladly give my blood to arrest it if It were begun. Bnt there mingles with this n.efe«n.l .Iraa.l f eliitiMinff Til* Kritthnr'j hlrm.l nnf nti« apprehension a* to the result of the conflict. Fur who ever lives to see that battle tought, will sec one more rx mple added to the multitude which already crowd tl e am ala of mankind, that they who boast themselves when they gird their harneea on, are apt enough to wail when they come to put it off._ Tha Urn-inn iti Oau’.ti admits that Lincoln’s blockade of tha Snuthern ports h*i provod a failure, and says the war will never be brought to an end by attempting to a* rre out he 3 >uth by moars of a blockade. It says tie Confederate* mu it bo co Tiered in the Add and in th»ir entrenchments. Thu* fir the Yankee* have not in de mu ah progress in ihsir plan of con«j lest either by fighting or blookadee. The SparUnsburg, 8. C. Biprtu published as an tdita r a' of the Whig the commun!eati>m that appeared ia its oolumns same diys ago under the head “ That St* oreia.” We prefer cot to be coatiierod responsible for t lit production. Witxti is tus Mxar to Cch* Fmo* f—Thisqn>>s Ion i* ofton naked, ia s tone of concern and deipou ienoy, as ih>ugh there is a real danger of scarcity, if not of auff riDg. From the consul of 1880, as to the number of hog* in the different see ions of the late United Stale', tho fol lowing results are demonstrable: In urn eleven Confederate 8tat*e there ..18,801,38* hogs. Iu the doubtful border States, (Disc of Columbia, Md , Ky., Mo.,)- • 4.948.SS4 “ In sll the other Stale*, • • ^,859,583 Add together these in tha Confeder ate, and iu the border States, - - 20,783,087 ** 1 c. more thau double tbs number of hog* ib >t tbe Yan kees hare, while wo have ouly tit .-Mir Ji as many people to feed as they have. Why, then, should m-»at bn an noarce as to ean«n alarm f MiTiri;. m»V TARO FOR SALK OR LKA8F.—The und«n!|m*J hai a I. Tannery which he wlahea to tell or leua for a lirro of yrara. T o N , k ahedi, ah op l u lilr< and Burk MUI are* Id a parity yooJ y i e al r«pair Ihr Vata, Ao , will rtqilro a food d«*l «C IlfBft 1 bb y*r.i U altnatad Dear the Iowa of BuchAODOD. lolBOttflOd , Virginia, Imrerdu **ly od theM road, ad I within 160 farda of lha Ja«n«a Rlfor; haa a ccdiUlI aud ao-p.e aapply of iprtof water, uhlih DrVer fre-tca Id tha codeat Weather. Bark ran b • bad In abnr4*bo« For further Information apply to tha aubeerll b r, At Buchaunon, Bolt ton; t o< umy, Va., or to Win. W. Boyd, V.rf*ola OonTcnUon, Richmond AdU’aaa A. L. Boyd. Patten* burg, Botetourt count* Va. AhDtJLW L. BOTD, Jr life AI'IUIIU IN LINtOLNDONI GLEANINGS FROM THE YANKEE NEWSPAPERS. ATTEMPT TO KICK BY A HOBBLED PRESS. - Tho Now York “Time*” ii becoming a candidate for Fort Lafayette. It gi™*. indeed, a ferocious support of the war bat It impeaches tbe Infallibility of Lincoln aud Ms government in a way that Abraham ta not in the hab it of allowing. Hear him. . It charges, too, that the extraordinary mendacity of the Northern accounts of battles are due immediately to the Adniiaistration. H<*w di-greced Is tho country where falsehood site enthroned! Bat, hear die “Times... . . “A verv active and vigorous crusade has been carried on a -aii s', the p-ess, for the last two or three months, to pr.v u the p blicaliou of intelligence which is was tup posed might be of service to the rebels." * Oa the uigbt after tbo battle of Bull Run, the Editor of this p-par placed in the telegraph office (at Washing ion) a perfectly acourato statement of the result, derived from his personal obwrvation; — the Government Agent rofns. d to allow it to bn sent, and reported instead that our army had achieved a victory. Alter the Edwards’ Ferry affur, tho Government refused to transmit m. * sages from special correspondents on the spot, and sent a dispa eh of their own, giving i view of the battle, which the facts subsequently developed d'd not sustain An intense jealousy has been fell of the Press in i Ifliial quarters, aud everr possible effort has been made to pre veut any revelations through its agency, which might be tray the strong'll or deposition of our forrea, the weak ness or our posi'iona, the intentions of our Government, or any other facts of which the enemy could make the slightest use. To such an extent has this b on carried that President Lincoln is reported, by the brutal aud mendacious sheet which sssutaes to be the special organ of himself aud his family, to have said that the Editor of the ‘ Times” deserved “Annp ny," for hav.ng published, with tbe permission of the Commander ol the S iT il Expedition, the number and character of the ships composing it, after they had lain for two or three days within caunou shot of tho enenft's works at Sewell's Point, aud within the full and uuobetructed view of their ^ Tht* vigilance has been highly praiseworthy and has commanded universal adtuira iou. The Press has been quite content to s irrendo its independence, just a* eve ry oitisen has willingly surrendered his personal rights, beoiuso the sacrifice was deemed essential to the public good. It could scarcely have been anticipated, howev er, that the Government haelf would ra .ke to the rebels, voluntarily and inteutioiially, such a full, specific and un reslrioted' disclosure of ite woaknes* a* i* contained in the private memorandum which Gen. Tromas draw up for the infoimetiou of the PrceiJout and Socre ary Cam cron. If snv newspiper had told the world that a feres, expected at once to a‘tack the enemy, “ had mi transportation’’that "Dot twenty lu a hundred of their gnus would go off"—that the commanding ollioer was utterly Incompetent— tla: the Ouion cause was hopdecs i:i Keutucky unless 200,00d troops could at ouoe be -nis.'d_that the young men were all 8'>oeavionset», and ih.t nn larire body of troepi fur the Union could be raised in the State—it would have been promptly de nounced as disloyal, if nothing more. Ifet all these statements, and many more of the aim* o'laraoter. are siven to the world uuder the cffl iai sanction of the War Departmeut. It is prottj clear that ad the iudis e-etiou of the country is not monopolised by the news papers. TBl’RLOW WEED ON URN. FREMONT. Thurlow Weed, who is now iu Washington, writes the following letter to the Albany Evening Journal, uuder date of the lifl'.b tilt i Since it onunot be concealed or deuied that General Fremont's conduct iu Missouri has been the subject ol ufUoial inquiry, end is now the occasion of Executive viiupera'ion and popular solicitude, 1 have made It my business to obtain, from various but reliable souro -s, iu tortnaiion from which the people, as jurors, may sately render a verdict. On coming, »9 I have, to a conclusion unfavor rbla to General Fremont, it is murooiy needful to say tha I had, iu doiug so. to “conquer” many “pr judices." My reli lions with General Fremont have been intimite aud pleat ant. 1 believed him rmiuently upright and honor able. 1 thought him well fiui for the high comma id with which he wat invested, and he wcut lorth wiili my heartfelt aspirations that he would render good service to our country aud with glory for hlmsnll. Pissing much that might be said, impugning the seme and taste of General Fremont, and confining myself to a tusationa undeniably tru-*, I submit to readers of the Journal some facm whioh wrill show them how lament ably a favored General diitppoints the popular expecta tions : When General Fremont reached St. Louis ho took as his he rdqu triers a house for which the Government it paving fid,000 a vear. lie surrounded himself with a numerous stuff, nou of whom were residents of Missouri; orgtuiaing, simul •aueously, a body gutrJ, consisting of nearly three bum died horsemen, through whioh aocevi to the ahtet is as dirtioult as the approach to a monarch iu the darkest ages of despoti-m . , , , , . . He has appointed and commissioned, without the sha dow of autnority, mure than fifty officers, with the rank of Colonel, Major, Captain, At i. Col. Andrews, the Uni te 1 Stales PuVin ister, wan required to pay these officers, a id upon bit refusal to do so war threatened with im prisomneut. U r was also directed to make an illegal transfer of $ 100,000. The oIHuer.i belonging to General Fremont’s staff are interested in army cuutr tent Capt. U ukail, an aid, is i partner of Col Degraf iu mule, hay, and other con tract*. . _ _ Ciptain Turuly, a Uuited States Commissary, was or dered umc -ive aud pay exorbitant prioes for inferior mules, trom Captain llaskalltaud upon protesting against this wrong was ordered away fro n the post by Gnu. Fro m Captain F. M. Davir, of General Fremont's staff, receiv ed a contract for blankets, which ou delivery proved rot ten and worthless, anil though condemned, were paid for and sent to lbs hospitals. Tim muskets purchased by General Fremont in France are worthier* After General Meigs limit* the priee to be paid for ost# at 80.;. corn at 28 and hav at $17 51, a contract was made with Baled * Palmer (Palnn r, Cook k Co., of Cali fornia notoriety) at 8Se. for oals, 3Uo lor corn, and $22 for hav, amounting iu the aggrega # to $100,000. t-Gencral Fremont, ou Id-arrival in Saint Louis, e as met “ ih - aid of Gen. Lyon, accompanied by M j. Phelps, M. 0. asking for rcinfurccmeuts, which were not se;.t The in i btedneaa of the Q larU rmaetcr’s Department for Gea. Fremont’s ooinuuud >s ovor four millions aud t h*T> # disastrous ooodltion of things is attributed to ths “rnilign infiusuoes” ot Californlaua, with whom General F'remont became un ortiuiately connected in m uing ope ration", and who hurried from the Pacific on learning that he' was entrusted with a high mil.tiry command — record iu California, set tn to hare obtained either a vol notary or conatrained control of the quartermaster aud Commissary Depar'maiue of (Jon. Fremont's mlllurr dis trict. The result* a ,d oonsequenoea are fatal alike to tlis interests of the country, aud usefulness and reputa tion of the commanding General. They impeach either his hold or ilia heart, aud, s > far as ho U practically con o -rned, it is not matoiiil which; for, whether a wicked or a weak General, he is unfitted for ao gieit a (rust. Nor arc these faults, grave as they are, the only one to whioh he is obnoxious. The war is b.’ing prosecuted by the army uuder his command iu a way which recalls aud deepens tho horrors of vandtlism. Without con quering traitors, h- is converting Union men iuio ene mies. Hi- line of inarch Is marked and memorised by aoolialiou aud ravages whioh disgrace the ago of civilisa tion. Here T-mrlow cites some of the outrages committed by Fremont's troops while on their march from Tipton to Waratw, allusio.s to whioh have already been publish ed. The letter winds up with the following paragraph: Such I cense adds horrors to the legitimate and una voidable evils of war. An army that I .avo* such rem-ra brancee along its line of march will be forever execrated. It is sad to reoord tb#so thingi of a youthful General, from whoso career tho ecuotiy looked for heroism tam pered with humanity But, high as our hopes were of Gen. Fr-mont, we cannot tff-vd, when—whether from fault or misfortune—so much depends on the wisdom and integrity of Generals to be decciv d. I am, by tbs force of evidence whioh oanuot be resisted, constrained lu admit that he b«s sigually failed to discharge, with usefulness to the country, or credit to himsjlf, the duties of his statiou. GKRRIT SMITH US TIIE WAR. The Ohuroh of the Puritans, Union Square, was 6)l«d to overflowing last evening in oonseqoouoe of uu an nonncenu-iit that Gerih Bin :h would hold forth on tho ‘ State and N e-ls qf the Country." The opening part of the addrrM presented nothing sp'oial, though occasionally Mr. Smith’s rcmaiks fli itcd the applause of the audience. The Srst tnanifesta’ion* of d’saent and disapproval were cilied forth when he contrasted 'ho proclamation of G.mcral Framoot w:th that of the proclamation of tho President That oi Fre mont, hu said, wa* glorious—iu tone with the temper of the people, and called for by the necessities of the times. That of the President’s was a step against freo dom —that of Fremont’s a ala-p against clavery. [Applausn and hiwo* ] It might be said that the President, as Com mandtr-in-Obief of the army, was not to be oontrolled at all times by the Constitution, and ws would add, nsitbsr *m Pr»»o0t eonfhsd ta tbs Istter of tbs tary commander, w'.thlu bis own dletrlo , *•* ■ • Fiemont was Justified in issuing (he proclamation be did (4ppi.aus9 and hisses.) But why should the President haro Fremont, in srason and out of season. so scrupu lously subservient to Congressional law, while he forgot the declaration of the popular branch of Congress ns. session, selling forth that it was no part of the duty of the military to'caoture or return fugi ire slaves. Why, then shon'd the law be qnot- d in faror of the 1 resident and aeaioat Fremont T Buying aud returning runaway ■-laves was w ring aid ami comfort to the enemy, sod knowing this, we were justified in condemning the action Of the President and sus aming that of kremoat. (Ap phase »nd hisses.) The war would never be brought to a speedy and successful close till the Indian, wers em n'ored by the Government in defending a country which was as much theirs as ours. The Government^waa too racrci'ul to the rebels to accept such i (Teotivs and terrible fighters. Indians may fight, but not against rebels All their fighting must ba against us. Again: the n groea of the North h.d asked for arms and employ ment In the army; but no. the Government -as too dainty and select to accept of ruoh vulgar and unpolished aid. It the nation should pen-h in this "»r, H ®'Eht be truthfully inscribed upon its monument, "died of ex cessive refinement.” (Laughter.) lie was not only m favor of employing uegroes and Indians against the re _rebels, as they were of the wors^ type—but he would make the devil himself fight for us if he oould on ly sneoeed in throwing harness upon tbe bark of the old fellow. (Laughter.) That oi l rascal, if never before in his life wed employed, would theu surely be for once. (Continued laughter ) They had better retire from the war or else go tu to conquer tho South in earnest, wnh all the means God left at their dlposal. When Fremont’s proclamation nude its appearance he lived, but when that of the President’s appeared he died. His heart souk in despair, uever to rally until the government shall ceas< its madness and folly and determine to conquor the enemy by any and all tbe means in its power. If the war was not speedily bronglit to a closs Franc# aud Eng land would unite in br-aking the sham blockade against the Southern porta. This might be expected, and none oould wonder at it. When ho counselled conquest ar.d subjugation of the South he did not speak as an aboli lionut, but as one who fervootly loved hi* couutry, and x* one’anxious for its salvation in this its hour of peril and danger. MR HERALD’S NEWPORT NHWS CORRESPON DENCE. In the New Toik JUra'.d wo find the following oorre* pondence, from ‘Camp Baler, Newport Nows, Vs., Oct. 27,1861: " Lsst night, at seven o’o'ock two deserters from the rebel camp at Big Bsthel oarno to our outside picket* for protection. Tneir names are Win. Dennis and An ■ Irew J Bourse, a id they are both natives of AugiwU,Ga., and private* in the tenth regiment Georgia Volunteer*. Tue word '‘rolunteors" must not, however, be taken in its liteia! sense, for these men, with others, were impres sed into service. 0; oourse all their proteetailo.is were unheeded. They left Big Bjihe! at six o’clock in tbe muruitig, and by keepiug in the woods sad wading th’ough sw»mpt they succeed! d in making good their escape, altnougn at oue time h— aii.-il. They state that the camp at B nhel is about Are thoua-uid strong, sn equal quantity of them from Louisi ana, Georgia, and Virginia; besides these tbora are three hundred cavalry under tbo name of “Cobb’s L'glon."— The oamp is under tbe oiinmatd oi Brigadier General McOlaws. There exist* a good deal of dissatisfaction among the rami on account of the insufficient clothing, the cruel treatment, and tho want of promptness in the pay de pariment; since Miy last, thsy have only teceiv.d two moil tbs’ pay, and that, of ccu.se, in ahit plaster*, which thev are unable to get rid ol except by buying sutler's goods et exorbitant price*. Tobaceo costs 40 cents a ping; butter 00 oeuls a pound; salt 2S cent* a pound; and so ou iu proportion. The tneu are only furnish d with flour and m»at; tea nnd coffee are luxurie* ujhe.rd of, and to procure an antidote agaiost the fever, whioti makes such havoo among them, they d g upiaasiGas roots and make a kind ol tea of them, wluoh thoy drtuk ou getting up iu the tnoruing During Uume five mouths thev have bid to work constantly ou Jhc batteries, ett.l .11 tho spare time has been fl led up with fatiguing drills VVhil-t the in. u ar.' forbiddm the use of liquor, tho "ft oers are drunk most of tbe time, and It is surprising, with all tho discontent prevailing in therauks, tl at no mutiti) b * ret taken place, lieu Msgruder, who is commander oi the entire force iu t'nat n. igbborbooti, occasionally rants their camp, aud, to u-« the very words of the dr ■urlcra, “wheuev.r he i* in whirky, he always'elite uf .mining down to Newport News to whip Gou. Phelps." But, not having come here yet, and uot being w liing to receive any of our invitation*, it ia supponsd that when he hn< got over his "drunk," better reason prevails. Tho bait»ry at B.g B thel consists of twelve piece* of small rifled cannon, aud i* said to lie well rnsuned. Thesv de-erUra were this morning turned over to G*u. Wool by Lieutenant Ohristeuseu, Aid-de-oauip to Gau Pbelp*. General Wool, after having examined them very olosely, bid thorn scut over to the Kip K.pi, Wtrer.i they will flu 1 work, and receive food and oioil.iug, aud where they will aim be out of harm’s way. Yesterday afternoon Genetel Plieljs scut out a detach ment of Company D . First Now York Voluutears, uuder command of Lieut. lugcraoll, to a house belonging to Bs ker P. Lee, about threo miles from camp. For the last month the only occupants of tho house have been a poor white woman and three uegrosaea. Some days ago Leo sent a messenger to this white woman, warning her to teivo tbe douse, as be purposed to burn it down over her head — Tbe woman was, of course, frightened, and ll:d in the direction of Burk Ktver, and wbeu Oue of our scouting parlies, on F.t lay last, cime to the bouac, they found one of tbo n*greaies in a dying condition, and the obertao b itig old an I diseased, unable to take care of themselves. Out of feeling of humanity, Get.er.l Phelps, yeaterday or .1 red the above mentioned delichmeut to proceed to the house, and after they had buried the dead woman, they brought the other two, with all their baggage into camp, and bad them seut by steamer to Fortress Monroe, where tbe old ladies havo friend* am) relative*. Oue of them is “going ou a hundred years,” and seems, considsritig her age, to be quite smart, llrr eye sight and hearing were os good a* in a young person, aud she seems.l much iff oted at leaving tbe old homcsUai, where she n*d worked so faithfully and seen generation alter gene ration pan*.don before her. It was a touching sight to aeo her carry from the house, ai tbe last relio, bar wank ing board.. THE KLKTTION IN NEW YORK. F.om th• Q*r*l 1 of Nov. I. We are now within three days of the election, and tho prospect* are that it wdl prove the tameat that has been known for many years. The aggregate vote w II be greatly diminished, and may perhaps not oorne withto thirty thouaand in the city, aud noarly oue huudred and fifty t‘.oua»ud iu the Slate, of the number usually poll ed. There is, iu fact, outside of this city aud couuty, to .oiliest. There are two tiekot* on alnoel identical plat form, and it may ho aaid that the candid ties of the d mocralio party have put tkemselve* ou evon higher ei-nii- d in their support of tho war, and of the pol icy of President Liuoolu, than those who were noiut n ited by the Paoplo’a Couvcnliou. The issue ia, there, t.ira, sn entirely personal matter between the luoi t duals, and involves no essontisl principle. Iu the city l.,e up«ct of thing# le d IT rent. All the pel tical organ ic itiona of the metropolis agree respecting the general national queetion, but a oonteat ia to bo uarned oa be tween the uuited democracy, uuder new u.fl lences and vigorous auspices, wnioh, but for the nnfortuhate d If irencee about the office ol ehri lT, would result ia i<« sweeping everything before it. Under the direction ol Fernando Wood, Henry W. Or* net, Street Uoiann-aioner Knapp, A. Oakly Hall, O.iver Chtilick, and otbora the M- a.rt and Tammany Halldem ocra'a pr. served a united fiont in oppautiou lo the other f o ions, the leading one of which ia the shoddy repub'i can ticket, brought forward by the so-called M. r.h ill ot* gmisat.cn, which labored eo hard, in coaorctiou with tbe Union Dsience Committee, to disorganlie thaadmicUtra* tiou and broik up the Oabiaot. There ia no doubt that it will b) swept out of riittauoc, on Tueediy next. In all tide it ia now manifest that there is an eudre reoon . ruction of parties, and that the old republican party ia about to die ippear from tbe surface forever. [from lha New York Tlmts, Nov. 1.] The elec'.ion ol next Tuesday exoitea corapiratlvely but little interest, and the probability It that a light vow will ho cas:. Pu'dio sonliment throughout the Slate acenii to be unanimous in favor of the vigorous prose cution of the war, atid even the Democratic party his been compelled to modify end explain its platform eo as to conform in appiarnooe at least, to this universal de ars d The resolution oriuanlly adop'ed in in conven tion, in favor ol a peac > po icy, was fi-st repudiated by both tbe T»mmany ar.d Muiart wing* of the party here, then explained by tbe Central Committed and alter warde thrown overboard by tbe candidate# tq##l#clva#. All these movements, howi v r, are mere electioneering tricks, and iuteudod to wiu lor the ticket, by indireet an an-, a degree of support which it could never h ive secured oa its merits. The vote which may b# cut fur it will be very widely regarded at a protest again d Tn^Poopfe’s Union ticket is the only on» which real ly embodies the policy of giving a hearty and ef ctive HUpport to ihe Govcrwaeiit iu It* effort to crush ibis rs beUion. It was nom.n ited by a spuotaueous movement of th.- ptopic, without diitiucOon of psr.y aud was at once adopt, d by tbe Kepublicans, with the exception of Cana) .Commissioner. That .xcepiiou ought never to bavn been allowed, but it Is comparatively of little eoise Hqutno#. Mr. Bnioe, tb# Bvpubliaan nnmlimn, is ths heuwbsot of the •#<>•, ao4 has tbs advattUf* tru Hr. Tailinidg* of a practical acquaiutane# with Its Cun*#. But both are Uuiou men, and supporter* of tb« Admin i.ura'ion in its contest with rebellion. Tbe ticket as s whole, whi cvur vote may be cut for this rpx ills office, ought to command the cordial and enthusiastic support of the great body of the people of this State. It is not in any sense a party licksi; it is made op of men from all parties, who are thoroughly, and i-alomtly united in this great crisis of our country's history. LETTER FROM WASHINGTON, f peotal Oorre«p<>Qlence cf CIicIqdi'-I Cannerrlal. Yf AfHIIOToM, Ocl *ia, 1841. There ii a general murmur of diMAtUfuctlou here, uot loud, but deep, on socount of the oourse of the aniberi tlcs in suppressing sll despatches concerning the battle at Edward’# Ferry. The S ate Department, it It said, out of motives of “policy,” connected with tbe New Yoik nock market and onr foreign diplomacy, sent to the tel egraph office iu Washington positive order# to withhold ail difpatches respecting that engagement, iiveone pre pared or supervised by the Government. So the public were left for d«y» in doubt whether the troop < ol tbs Union had “*1 * defeat or t victory, while the most ex aggerated rumors of tbe carnage sustained, and of the killed, wounded and mewing, were spread fr >ra mouth to mouth, iu the absence of any authentic details whatever. This policy of suppressing the private di'pitcbee relatirg to events that have actually occurred, is *s mischievous a- it is inexcusable. Manifestly, it is itself a confession of disaster to the arms of the Government Moreover, it gives cession to all parlioe to question the aconu its ol the intelligence furnished by llis Government itself. It now turns out that the blunder commit led by our olli -ere in that foolhardy enti rprise of crossing the Po ioiuao with s wretchedly Inadequate force, without ar* tillery, and with ouly two mud scow* and a caaal boat as means of transport, was far more u is ts trout in its couarquenci s then the Government dispatches have ever admitted. Tnus the oontrary effect Is pvodnoed to thet inteaded. Instssd of the authentic details diminishing the lose reported by the flrit diepetohis, it is found to be far greater. Tho plain, unvarnished truth Is, that the eutire force which crowed the rivtr on that dieteUtme day, narrowly escaped b-ing cut to puces, wnich they would hare been, but for an uusccouutable blunder on the pirt of the rebels. How many more bravs and eoatly lives mast be thrown sway by sheer mcapacitv and Isok of sense? How ma ny more Great Bethel ..fftir# and Manassas defeats end Bill’s Blear d easters must be suffered, before military men will learn to observe tbeUws of inulligeut warfare, ur of ordinary slice.si? The huudred# of enhappy vie ■iiua to this blind sod id-fated movement wbo now lie drowned at the bo item of the i’oluuiac, or in bloody shrouds is the newly made graves of Maryland, or lan guish as caplin* in the hands of the enemy, or smarting with wounds received in tbe fight or the escape, may charge their late directly upon the senseless ordera which precipitated them straight into ihsjtws of destruction. I obi rvj that attempts sxe now being mad < to shift off i he blame of this uew dossier upon the shoulder# ol .ffVal Rslrdp it i« attiil whpn ordered to id ratio*, noiived from (Jen. Stone positive instruction* rot to engage the enemy if be found a • jperior lore* oppo ing him. But who ordered auob an advance at all? Who sent l.B'iO men to combat an enemy ol unknown force with only oae imootb-bor* cannou, aiid a deep river iu their rear? What m. ana of retreat were left to Ool. B* krr, whon every transport was ocoupied by trocpacroaa i ug to hi* euppoi tf WI a- waa a brt< c man to do, wbvu be 10. md the enrmv in over whelming force b< fore him, ami an impaatabie river behind him ? Matt be not either tight or surrender ? Ool. Bak u chose ihe former, aud what brave man will bbtue him, it after being pl -O.-d, by orders from hie military auporiors in a podliou Ironi which he could not extricate biruaell, he determined to dainitij* Ida life as dearly »• po**ibl. ? The evidence* re uul ipiyiug that the Urge force* ga heriug here *re hereafter to be used not for d-tence merely, but for military operations elsewhere. Wash ington will remain the chi> f headquarter of the army and the principal depot of supplies, while the sett ol ihe war mry be trauslerred to auy poiut which-the for tunes of Ihe campaign, or the determination of the Oom mtuder ii'-Ohiel and bis aids may indioaie. The muvr ment of the iUtdla, which now hangs about the vicin ity of Hampton Roada, bound upou some mys erious mission, ia by do means ibe only one srhuli is at this mo rn -lit i d nt. Only last night ten thousand infantry, wi'h a large supplv ol artillery, moved down the rivrr ly 1 ud, ou ih> Virginia side, towards Aquia Creek. Tf fas if suopoeed to mean the suppression ot the rebel batter iue, which have almost succeeded iu retorting the block ade ot the Government upon lisell. At leesl, they have compelled it to order iu transport* of army aappin* from New Tork and elsewhere to be eent by railway from Auiapolis and Baltimore, instead of ooming up the Po.<>in to in Ibe orig ual bottoms The add t onal exp* *e, (to aay uolhisg of the humdi ation,) e uot of course very great. All Washington f*-eb the Ices of iho river comurauicatiou most sensibly.— Uardlv a mnre'iant but has heavy supplies of goods sfiuat On wh o1! he re daily lusing ailea while the lung delay in t eir receipt will bring them “out of the season,” when they do arrive at last At ibe same time, tbs railway troubles are indrfinitely increased by the failure of the rivrr route ot coiuuunicaiiou, and merchants finding it impossible to put auythiug through by regular freight trains, which era almost mouopol'ied by the Gov ernment, am shipping hundreds of tons of licasy grods by the AtUius Express,at a cost which, in ordinary times, would bs thought inb lerable, aud which ia now oh o-lnliy paid, since goods must be be bad, coot what tv-y may. It a<ems evideut that the government will anon Ire con. p died to resume the control of the railway to Baltimore, in sheer self-drfruce, cnlese its armies c .n contrive to dean out the rebels who are eu.Wng the blockade of the Potomac. Alrsady coal aud bay are brought in prodigious quantities by rail, for government nee, aud Indiana Avcnuu, near the rallrovd depot, (along which a railway track basbsen newly laid,) is convened into an immense foraging depot, whence thousand* of hairs of pressed hay are distributed to the ctmpe and “ oortols " of army horse*. The new regiment* continue to arrive continually.— Ycslcday tire C'.h Vermont regiment, Col. Nathan Lord, Jr., marched up Penn»ylvauia Avenue, and ont to camp at L’winsville, Virginia. They are aa fin* a looking aet ol men as ever stepped, sod splendidly and warm y . quipped. Their Ool. is the well known brother of Pres ident Henry 0. Lord, of Cincinnati, and was lately resi dent In Ltwrrnceburg, Indiana. He is every Inch a sol dier. __ SIGMA. INTERESTING LEITER *ROM LONDON. Thv Was lington R publican, ot the tWth, publishes severs! Interesting extract* from a private latter written by a gentleman in London to a gentleman in that city, from which we extract the following: The news of Ihe disaatrr at Lexington ha* just reached u*. l.will not slop to say what you know already - that it has deeply afUicted me. I aend you the Times, Chron iole and Telegraph, with leader* on tho auhjeot, that will l*t you know what is thought of that defeat over here.— (tut now, I must tell vou what will be the < fleet of it.— Unlee* the uext few days bring* over the new* of a bril liant and decisive victory, gained by tbe Federal Gov eminent over the (Jouleilera'c*, augiaww win cenaiiiiy onoe try to raise the block «de o. the Southern ports.— Isold yon she was on the fence. .... You w’ll «eo ii aoooauood In tho Tima* cf tnl* da*, winch I a®nd you, that Lord Joho R’iimII ban aiid b«* will oonsiderof the propriety of sending out "h'pi-of nr to raise the blockade." But do you ki o» I thiuk that Is partly In-inoere t Shipa-of-srer havoalreadr laft these porta, sailing westward, under resled order*. From J1 that I cm gather between the half conlideooea of the press, and the oauiious goseip of John Bull at hi* din •irr- »ble, I think them is no doubt that th* destination of those ships ia to the South-rn ports, where they will or J|«' to wait fu-iher orders, to be oirrted out to tham bv ae ue fast-sailing war rt tamer. What those farther ord ra" sill be you may easily Imagine. I tell you, if we do not aetoniah England by such a declaim rioory aa shil! entirely daetroy ths COofederat* army now on the Potomac, we shall ha** her down upea us ia eld of the South I am broathln* out all my eoul la hoping, praying, longing *»r thU victory. In another letter, the itma writer e»ys: The English Govaroment don’t like the letter of medi ation aeut by the Emperor of Ramis to the Pramdent of the Uuitcd State-; whiob, as thry so much desire the eod of tba war, seems a little inconsistent. But they are oortainly l-alom of lh« Interference of Busela. Since that Ru«i* hi* aeut a special envoy U Franoe upon some arrand, of which this Givernmunt i* very ausp’oiooa aud profoundll ignorant And uov obterra. Tou will re memb r tbit in the late Crimean war the people of the (Joi ed States certtluly eympathii.-d with R aiia, as a Christian nation ih->uld ; for, after all, Ruula against Turkey was ih ; Cross agaiuet the Crescent. Tuu kuow also that toe present Ciar i* one of the most enlightened end literal m u led monarch* that ever set upon the Russian llirouo. Ua baa abolished • rfdoni 1) his owa dominioue I thiuk Rumia bears e grudge against Engl u d, aud would set her at variaooe with Frauos if poe-ibla. Aud i have a hope and a presenti ment that if England ai d Fra ice do help the rebeta, and thus make world’s war of it, Ro sis will cum.i to tl * aid of the Federal Government Th-*r* wa* more iu that let ter of aedialiou than met the eye, especially in that part of it which reminded ibu President that Bursts sod th* Unite ! State* wire the two greatest powers of'he Katteru a id Western beoii-p' ere*. I hate montrclt, but uiy heart warms to the r*ar. And yet I know that (here i* precloui little magoauimity left iu Europe, and whatever any utiioo may do for or against tba United States, *fll b« done primarily for eeif-loteraet. W* moat npt rely upon toy help from any quarter—wa mart rely only up aa Bad, o w oeaeu and laraslvaa. mmmmmmmmmmamsmrn VUOtNIA state contention. Thussdav, Nov. 14th. Tbs Convention met at 12 o’clock, pursuant to acjoum msnt. . _ _ M< Mrs. Thoc. J. RaodcIpH, of A bemirlf, J. B. Yourjr, of Henrico, and John N. Hendren, of Augusta, eirceJ to supply vacanees, appeared and took their seats. Prayer, by Rjv. Mr. Peterkin, of tbe Episcopal Church Tbe roll was then called, and seventy-four inenibcit Irman (Mr. fox) decided that a quorum was4 □ot present. The decision of tbe Chair gave rise to some dismission, involving the point whether the rule n q linng , “a majority of the membeis of the Convention to bo present to transact business” wss to be oonstrued, as re quiring seventy seven members to constitute a quorum, after tbe expulsion of twelve members No decision cl this q icstion was arrived at, as the Chairman ruled rl business out of order until seventy-seven memb-re were prevent. Tbe Seargeantat-Arms was sent out to bring in absen tees. During bis sbs -uce virions suggi s ions were u aJ.e, sod motions to sdjourn submitted, which wAt voted down. In thef on an line, M-ears. Jousstos and Ana arioso entered the Hall, aid after the arrival of tie Danville train, Mr Wraoa mads his appearance. It w-a then half put 2 o'clock. The Chairman suuouBotd that a quorum was present morion errrtas. The OiuiaMAN presented s communication from the Secretary of the Commonwealth, enclosing tbe retains of elections at the several camps of m-mbers ot the Coo- * . ve -tinn, to fill vseaneies. On motion of Mr. IIatmohd, the remrns were ro'erred to the Committee on Kltcuons, and M- ssra. Wood aud Hill, of Pleasants, added to the Committee. . TUB STATS eONSTITCtlON. Mr. Bum submitted the following resolutions, which were laid upon the table, and ordered to b» pri-.ti-u: Ji-totred, That the committre on tbe Constitution is j ius'metrd so to amend their report ss to provide: T 1. Tha no one who sbJl become a citiseu of ihu Con federate Slates of America, after the otoou of the exist* ing war, shall ever be entitled to vote. 2. That no such person shall he eligible to the Gen- ^ eial Assembly, or to the offices uf Governor, lieutenant Governor, or Judge or tbe Supremo Coin of Appeals ir Cireolt Courts. g That the justices ofgach county shall be tleoied by tbe people cf the whole during good bahavior. 4. That the present Judges of the Supreme Court of Appeals and oi the Circuit Courts for the period pre seribed in nid report, the justices ot the peace now in offer during good behavior, and the other county officer* ' until the expiration of ths Mims to which they buvuh .u respectively sleeted. VAST DAT. Mr HALL, of Lancaster, submitted the foi'owing res ola ion, which wss adopted : Ktfdttd, That when this Convention adjourns to-day, it will adjourn to baluidiy, at 12 o'clock, m order to a( ford an opportunity of observing lo-moriow a- a day of fatting and prayer, in scoordruue with the recomaienda tiou ol the Presidsal of too Confederate flutes oi A u- • rioa. atSIOMATIOS or ths piss di*t. Tbe Chairman priasnwd tbe fouowin^ commaon rt< n from Mr. Jauuey Lix-.it vko, Li foot's Cottarr, Vi , I November 0, Isol j To ikt Ifemhtrt of Ikt T rfina S.att Oot>rtni\m> : (taRTLSMKN,—I hereby resign into your hand* tho office ol President of your houorahle body, which you conferred npou me is Kebruarv last. Toe stale of toy health rend-rs this aot absolcely necessary, and I aiail ruys-ll of tbe i e asion to t< uder you my cord si that ka tor the uniform kmdueve and forbeararco which tun heeu exleuded 10 me, during my administration ot the . duties of the office. Very respectfully, Yout iriead and f>l!ow-oit:i’n, JnUN JaSSIT 0* mo tiro of Mr. MONTAGUE, the Uourcviuu ad journed. OPPRESSION IN THE DEPARTMENT.* No. 4. To Ikt Jfdtior of Ikt tykiy : 1 beg to submit to the public through y'-ur piper the ' Subjoined quotation ftjtn the .Vets Testament, in the hope that, if it fail to command the reaped of Mr. B-' j irair, tho Attorney General, asauUiori'a'.iveetotasUaliutl doc trine, i s passes!- rfui'g will e impel hie approval »a a lawyi r; 10. And Jraua went Into the temple of God. and cast oat all them < hat sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the lab! s of the money- baugere, aad the eeate ol them that sold doves A 10. And said unto them, Ilia written. My haes* shall J be called the bouse of prayer, but ye have made U a di u of thieves.—Mathew, chap 01. The general designation of the Attorney General's Of fice i* “tho Department of Jotfitt * It occur* to mo, that it it a clear oate of the /urui a non luetndo / A Department of Jutliet which allows, nay, which is baaed upon, the principle of compelling the honest rr.i- . ten of the Confederacy, to exchange the ordii fry Bek note* which be has p itrioiloally reo-riv-'d, (for we all know that the Balks end the Government have lor months understood each other,) is curtaildy n >< such a Department of Justice as was ccut-nipLtnd by our Omi ■tltutiou. The ehiewd adaptation ol alsg.il uiachi .tiy to tbe promotion of the personal aims of hungry poli ticians, is excellently illustrated by tbo fact, thht Mr. Bet jtmin’s Commissioner of Patent* has steadily snlJ the tpteit in which kt is paid, for notes—whether Cm federal* or 8utt—at fourlttn ptr cent. I tike shame to mystlf, that my desire to retain mv position iu the Patent Office oomp lied me to obey the . directions of Mr. Benjamin's man, in thir mil.*r of de predating the currency of our own Government. But what could I do f I was only a chief clerk; he was the head of a bureau. II kt thought the notes of tie C< fi frdrraey were worth iwes, by foartetn per cent, than gold, was it for mt to raise my voice against the prnf o ahiou? On the ooulrary, I sold the bright eagles of Mr. Bunj imin’s comm'saloner, to the mow; liberal Hebrew I coull find in Ricbmond. ‘ t 1 lad not made the “Temple" of Justice the headquir- i ter* of the “monry changers.” I wa* only a clerk. If Mr. Benjamin had chosen to “overturn the tables," kt might have done so. It remained for me only to obry the direotiona of tboae act over ms, and to nil 'kt yolJ wk<ek mu required to kt p ud into Ikt Potent Ofi't I • Tbe public muat uot misunderstand me. I do not lie ne*e lO»*. mr. mv.v.1 uvun.,, tin uituo a o*ot by availing himself of the depreciation of ihe treasury aot-e of the Confederacy. Bui >uhor linat< • of’en do those things, qletly and privately, which lb.- r superiors would most uuhefitating'y condemn. I stall cjn-ltme. Re.p’r, itj. JOHN L. 0. DANNER. * THB OOTTON ON PORT ROYAL ISLAND. . • . [From Ihs Oturieslea Oosrier, NoV. II ] TTe dectn it due to later and more accurate inf -rtna'irn | to ounect the repiru whioh Brst reached this city cot - ' c«-rniiig the amount of cotton cptned to the plaiiSerir g ii.T-d -rs and hireling p l'.agirs Late repor's received fromlplanler. and raoUi-nta acquainted wi'h the facia of; the osee state that very Httla if any ootipn can h« fot i d in bait* and itorebouaea, nearly sill the growing crop liv ing io seed—a vary unusual fact for this eeas.m. Bore | o' I te crops in the field will be destroyed, and soma is k I* ha* been detroyad, Tlie work of destroying or removing provi-ions at dj forage ere pa has been commenced sod w.a* prog re 11 g. ' I □cuatro —For several years Fremont's hair .hi* !>een tinged wi h sitter, and now his beard is eprutlled with snow. Whm A- at turned command <jf ihu 0~j> irlmcit it is« brown, «, , “Nor turned it white In a tingle night, At men’s b ive done from so Men fears." But it did blanch under the sitiriia; /«i e« anl MUMittin of tmo month t.—If. T. Tribune 0/rrcp drmea. • Fremont Is forty-nine year* of sgs, and if hia hair «n brown two months ago, and has blanched since, it is owing to hia having uii-laid his hair dye. By all meat *• let it be forwarded to him. "For ’tie sweet, 0. Ms sweet, For one’s country to dye f ’ [ A than a A’quo, ,V T] W A IkXCSl> —A good d-sti'frr. lor w'-ih fn-et wag-.twill Iks ■ so. Apply >1 l*<-lanr- Hetvl, on ibis 4ay,(Vrb!ay) nov. IMh, 1MI _ i.oli - b* (T^NOTIf r. -o.ir AU(»I"N HAl.K-.-en satti Tuesday, Wow. 10th, »• to o’lh-ik. _sdh-M_ warsi-sl VI ats.v_ NOnPR.-eahawsreiTxl.by bjaifroa, by..blurs. "is I n sRBaws.mansd 0.blabmoaSsblppod ». by uilsin *b cb th* owssr IU bar* oa application, by pajloj cha>* « nod p ov lag aropeng. •ell It CBMUUW A 00. (